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PUSHSUB: make retop a parameter
[perl5.git] / cop.h
1 /*    cop.h
2  *
3  *    Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
4  *    2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 by Larry Wall and others
5  *
6  *    You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7  *    License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8  *
9  * Control ops (cops) are one of the two ops OP_NEXTSTATE and OP_DBSTATE,
10  * that (loosely speaking) are statement separators.
11  * They hold information important for lexical state and error reporting.
12  * At run time, PL_curcop is set to point to the most recently executed cop,
13  * and thus can be used to determine our current state.
14  */
15
16 /* A jmpenv packages the state required to perform a proper non-local jump.
17  * Note that there is a PL_start_env initialized when perl starts, and
18  * PL_top_env points to this initially, so PL_top_env should always be
19  * non-null.
20  *
21  * Existence of a non-null PL_top_env->je_prev implies it is valid to call
22  * longjmp() at that runlevel (we make sure PL_start_env.je_prev is always
23  * null to ensure this).
24  *
25  * je_mustcatch, when set at any runlevel to TRUE, means eval ops must
26  * establish a local jmpenv to handle exception traps.  Care must be taken
27  * to restore the previous value of je_mustcatch before exiting the
28  * stack frame iff JMPENV_PUSH was not called in that stack frame.
29  * GSAR 97-03-27
30  */
31
32 struct jmpenv {
33     struct jmpenv *     je_prev;
34     Sigjmp_buf          je_buf;         /* uninit if je_prev is NULL */
35     int                 je_ret;         /* last exception thrown */
36     bool                je_mustcatch;   /* need to call longjmp()? */
37     U16                 je_old_delaymagic; /* saved PL_delaymagic */
38 };
39
40 typedef struct jmpenv JMPENV;
41
42 /*
43  * How to build the first jmpenv.
44  *
45  * top_env needs to be non-zero. It points to an area
46  * in which longjmp() stuff is stored, as C callstack
47  * info there at least is thread specific this has to
48  * be per-thread. Otherwise a 'die' in a thread gives
49  * that thread the C stack of last thread to do an eval {}!
50  */
51
52 #define JMPENV_BOOTSTRAP \
53     STMT_START {                                \
54         PERL_POISON_EXPR(PoisonNew(&PL_start_env, 1, JMPENV));\
55         PL_top_env = &PL_start_env;             \
56         PL_start_env.je_prev = NULL;            \
57         PL_start_env.je_ret = -1;               \
58         PL_start_env.je_mustcatch = TRUE;       \
59         PL_start_env.je_old_delaymagic = 0;     \
60     } STMT_END
61
62 /*
63  *   PERL_FLEXIBLE_EXCEPTIONS
64  * 
65  * All the flexible exceptions code has been removed.
66  * See the following threads for details:
67  *
68  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/2004-07/msg00378.html
69  * 
70  * Joshua's original patches (which weren't applied) and discussion:
71  * 
72  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1998-02/msg01396.html
73  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1998-02/msg01489.html
74  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1998-02/msg01491.html
75  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1998-02/msg01608.html
76  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1998-02/msg02144.html
77  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1998-02/msg02998.html
78  * 
79  * Chip's reworked patch and discussion:
80  * 
81  *   http://www.xray.mpe.mpg.de/mailing-lists/perl5-porters/1999-03/msg00520.html
82  * 
83  * The flaw in these patches (which went unnoticed at the time) was
84  * that they moved some code that could potentially die() out of the
85  * region protected by the setjmp()s.  This caused exceptions within
86  * END blocks and such to not be handled by the correct setjmp().
87  * 
88  * The original patches that introduces flexible exceptions were:
89  *
90  * http://perl5.git.perl.org/perl.git/commit/312caa8e97f1c7ee342a9895c2f0e749625b4929
91  * http://perl5.git.perl.org/perl.git/commit/14dd3ad8c9bf82cf09798a22cc89a9862dfd6d1a                                        
92  *  
93  */
94
95 #define dJMPENV         JMPENV cur_env
96
97 #define JMPENV_PUSH(v) \
98     STMT_START {                                                        \
99         DEBUG_l({                                                       \
100             int i = 0; JMPENV *p = PL_top_env;                          \
101             while (p) { i++; p = p->je_prev; }                          \
102             Perl_deb(aTHX_ "JUMPENV_PUSH level=%d at %s:%d\n",          \
103                          i,  __FILE__, __LINE__);})                     \
104         cur_env.je_prev = PL_top_env;                                   \
105         cur_env.je_ret = PerlProc_setjmp(cur_env.je_buf, SCOPE_SAVES_SIGNAL_MASK);              \
106         PL_top_env = &cur_env;                                          \
107         cur_env.je_mustcatch = FALSE;                                   \
108         cur_env.je_old_delaymagic = PL_delaymagic;                      \
109         (v) = cur_env.je_ret;                                           \
110     } STMT_END
111
112 #define JMPENV_POP \
113     STMT_START {                                                        \
114         DEBUG_l({                                                       \
115             int i = -1; JMPENV *p = PL_top_env;                         \
116             while (p) { i++; p = p->je_prev; }                          \
117             Perl_deb(aTHX_ "JUMPENV_POP level=%d at %s:%d\n",           \
118                          i, __FILE__, __LINE__);})                      \
119         assert(PL_top_env == &cur_env);                                 \
120         PL_delaymagic = cur_env.je_old_delaymagic;                      \
121         PL_top_env = cur_env.je_prev;                                   \
122     } STMT_END
123
124 #define JMPENV_JUMP(v) \
125     STMT_START {                                                \
126         DEBUG_l({                                               \
127             int i = -1; JMPENV *p = PL_top_env;                 \
128             while (p) { i++; p = p->je_prev; }                  \
129             Perl_deb(aTHX_ "JUMPENV_JUMP(%d) level=%d at %s:%d\n", \
130                          (int)v, i, __FILE__, __LINE__);})      \
131         if (PL_top_env->je_prev)                                \
132             PerlProc_longjmp(PL_top_env->je_buf, (v));          \
133         if ((v) == 2)                                           \
134             PerlProc_exit(STATUS_EXIT);                         \
135         PerlIO_printf(PerlIO_stderr(), "panic: top_env, v=%d\n", (int)v); \
136         PerlProc_exit(1);                                       \
137     } STMT_END
138
139 #define CATCH_GET               (PL_top_env->je_mustcatch)
140 #define CATCH_SET(v) \
141     STMT_START {                                                        \
142         DEBUG_l(                                                        \
143             Perl_deb(aTHX_                                              \
144                 "JUMPLEVEL set catch %d => %d (for %p) at %s:%d\n",     \
145                  PL_top_env->je_mustcatch, v, (void*)PL_top_env,        \
146                  __FILE__, __LINE__);)                                  \
147         PL_top_env->je_mustcatch = (v);                                 \
148     } STMT_END
149
150 /*
151 =head1 COP Hint Hashes
152 */
153
154 typedef struct refcounted_he COPHH;
155
156 #define COPHH_KEY_UTF8 REFCOUNTED_HE_KEY_UTF8
157
158 /*
159 =for apidoc Amx|SV *|cophh_fetch_pvn|const COPHH *cophh|const char *keypv|STRLEN keylen|U32 hash|U32 flags
160
161 Look up the entry in the cop hints hash C<cophh> with the key specified by
162 C<keypv> and C<keylen>.  If C<flags> has the C<COPHH_KEY_UTF8> bit set,
163 the key octets are interpreted as UTF-8, otherwise they are interpreted
164 as Latin-1.  C<hash> is a precomputed hash of the key string, or zero if
165 it has not been precomputed.  Returns a mortal scalar copy of the value
166 associated with the key, or C<&PL_sv_placeholder> if there is no value
167 associated with the key.
168
169 =cut
170 */
171
172 #define cophh_fetch_pvn(cophh, keypv, keylen, hash, flags) \
173     Perl_refcounted_he_fetch_pvn(aTHX_ cophh, keypv, keylen, hash, flags)
174
175 /*
176 =for apidoc Amx|SV *|cophh_fetch_pvs|const COPHH *cophh|const char *key|U32 flags
177
178 Like L</cophh_fetch_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
179 string/length pair, and no precomputed hash.
180
181 =cut
182 */
183
184 #define cophh_fetch_pvs(cophh, key, flags) \
185     Perl_refcounted_he_fetch_pvn(aTHX_ cophh, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, flags)
186
187 /*
188 =for apidoc Amx|SV *|cophh_fetch_pv|const COPHH *cophh|const char *key|U32 hash|U32 flags
189
190 Like L</cophh_fetch_pvn>, but takes a nul-terminated string instead of
191 a string/length pair.
192
193 =cut
194 */
195
196 #define cophh_fetch_pv(cophh, key, hash, flags) \
197     Perl_refcounted_he_fetch_pv(aTHX_ cophh, key, hash, flags)
198
199 /*
200 =for apidoc Amx|SV *|cophh_fetch_sv|const COPHH *cophh|SV *key|U32 hash|U32 flags
201
202 Like L</cophh_fetch_pvn>, but takes a Perl scalar instead of a
203 string/length pair.
204
205 =cut
206 */
207
208 #define cophh_fetch_sv(cophh, key, hash, flags) \
209     Perl_refcounted_he_fetch_sv(aTHX_ cophh, key, hash, flags)
210
211 /*
212 =for apidoc Amx|HV *|cophh_2hv|const COPHH *cophh|U32 flags
213
214 Generates and returns a standard Perl hash representing the full set of
215 key/value pairs in the cop hints hash C<cophh>.  C<flags> is currently
216 unused and must be zero.
217
218 =cut
219 */
220
221 #define cophh_2hv(cophh, flags) \
222     Perl_refcounted_he_chain_2hv(aTHX_ cophh, flags)
223
224 /*
225 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_copy|COPHH *cophh
226
227 Make and return a complete copy of the cop hints hash C<cophh>.
228
229 =cut
230 */
231
232 #define cophh_copy(cophh) Perl_refcounted_he_inc(aTHX_ cophh)
233
234 /*
235 =for apidoc Amx|void|cophh_free|COPHH *cophh
236
237 Discard the cop hints hash C<cophh>, freeing all resources associated
238 with it.
239
240 =cut
241 */
242
243 #define cophh_free(cophh) Perl_refcounted_he_free(aTHX_ cophh)
244
245 /*
246 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_new_empty
247
248 Generate and return a fresh cop hints hash containing no entries.
249
250 =cut
251 */
252
253 #define cophh_new_empty() ((COPHH *)NULL)
254
255 /*
256 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_store_pvn|COPHH *cophh|const char *keypv|STRLEN keylen|U32 hash|SV *value|U32 flags
257
258 Stores a value, associated with a key, in the cop hints hash C<cophh>,
259 and returns the modified hash.  The returned hash pointer is in general
260 not the same as the hash pointer that was passed in.  The input hash is
261 consumed by the function, and the pointer to it must not be subsequently
262 used.  Use L</cophh_copy> if you need both hashes.
263
264 The key is specified by C<keypv> and C<keylen>.  If C<flags> has the
265 C<COPHH_KEY_UTF8> bit set, the key octets are interpreted as UTF-8,
266 otherwise they are interpreted as Latin-1.  C<hash> is a precomputed
267 hash of the key string, or zero if it has not been precomputed.
268
269 C<value> is the scalar value to store for this key.  C<value> is copied
270 by this function, which thus does not take ownership of any reference
271 to it, and later changes to the scalar will not be reflected in the
272 value visible in the cop hints hash.  Complex types of scalar will not
273 be stored with referential integrity, but will be coerced to strings.
274
275 =cut
276 */
277
278 #define cophh_store_pvn(cophh, keypv, keylen, hash, value, flags) \
279     Perl_refcounted_he_new_pvn(aTHX_ cophh, keypv, keylen, hash, value, flags)
280
281 /*
282 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_store_pvs|const COPHH *cophh|const char *key|SV *value|U32 flags
283
284 Like L</cophh_store_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
285 string/length pair, and no precomputed hash.
286
287 =cut
288 */
289
290 #define cophh_store_pvs(cophh, key, value, flags) \
291     Perl_refcounted_he_new_pvn(aTHX_ cophh, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, value, flags)
292
293 /*
294 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_store_pv|const COPHH *cophh|const char *key|U32 hash|SV *value|U32 flags
295
296 Like L</cophh_store_pvn>, but takes a nul-terminated string instead of
297 a string/length pair.
298
299 =cut
300 */
301
302 #define cophh_store_pv(cophh, key, hash, value, flags) \
303     Perl_refcounted_he_new_pv(aTHX_ cophh, key, hash, value, flags)
304
305 /*
306 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_store_sv|const COPHH *cophh|SV *key|U32 hash|SV *value|U32 flags
307
308 Like L</cophh_store_pvn>, but takes a Perl scalar instead of a
309 string/length pair.
310
311 =cut
312 */
313
314 #define cophh_store_sv(cophh, key, hash, value, flags) \
315     Perl_refcounted_he_new_sv(aTHX_ cophh, key, hash, value, flags)
316
317 /*
318 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_delete_pvn|COPHH *cophh|const char *keypv|STRLEN keylen|U32 hash|U32 flags
319
320 Delete a key and its associated value from the cop hints hash C<cophh>,
321 and returns the modified hash.  The returned hash pointer is in general
322 not the same as the hash pointer that was passed in.  The input hash is
323 consumed by the function, and the pointer to it must not be subsequently
324 used.  Use L</cophh_copy> if you need both hashes.
325
326 The key is specified by C<keypv> and C<keylen>.  If C<flags> has the
327 C<COPHH_KEY_UTF8> bit set, the key octets are interpreted as UTF-8,
328 otherwise they are interpreted as Latin-1.  C<hash> is a precomputed
329 hash of the key string, or zero if it has not been precomputed.
330
331 =cut
332 */
333
334 #define cophh_delete_pvn(cophh, keypv, keylen, hash, flags) \
335     Perl_refcounted_he_new_pvn(aTHX_ cophh, keypv, keylen, hash, \
336         (SV *)NULL, flags)
337
338 /*
339 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_delete_pvs|const COPHH *cophh|const char *key|U32 flags
340
341 Like L</cophh_delete_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
342 string/length pair, and no precomputed hash.
343
344 =cut
345 */
346
347 #define cophh_delete_pvs(cophh, key, flags) \
348     Perl_refcounted_he_new_pvn(aTHX_ cophh, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
349         (SV *)NULL, flags)
350
351 /*
352 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_delete_pv|const COPHH *cophh|const char *key|U32 hash|U32 flags
353
354 Like L</cophh_delete_pvn>, but takes a nul-terminated string instead of
355 a string/length pair.
356
357 =cut
358 */
359
360 #define cophh_delete_pv(cophh, key, hash, flags) \
361     Perl_refcounted_he_new_pv(aTHX_ cophh, key, hash, (SV *)NULL, flags)
362
363 /*
364 =for apidoc Amx|COPHH *|cophh_delete_sv|const COPHH *cophh|SV *key|U32 hash|U32 flags
365
366 Like L</cophh_delete_pvn>, but takes a Perl scalar instead of a
367 string/length pair.
368
369 =cut
370 */
371
372 #define cophh_delete_sv(cophh, key, hash, flags) \
373     Perl_refcounted_he_new_sv(aTHX_ cophh, key, hash, (SV *)NULL, flags)
374
375 #include "mydtrace.h"
376
377 struct cop {
378     BASEOP
379     /* On LP64 putting this here takes advantage of the fact that BASEOP isn't
380        an exact multiple of 8 bytes to save structure padding.  */
381     line_t      cop_line;       /* line # of this command */
382     /* label for this construct is now stored in cop_hints_hash */
383 #ifdef USE_ITHREADS
384     PADOFFSET   cop_stashoff;   /* offset into PL_stashpad, for the
385                                    package the line was compiled in */
386     char *      cop_file;       /* file name the following line # is from */
387 #else
388     HV *        cop_stash;      /* package line was compiled in */
389     GV *        cop_filegv;     /* file the following line # is from */
390 #endif
391     U32         cop_hints;      /* hints bits from pragmata */
392     U32         cop_seq;        /* parse sequence number */
393     /* Beware. mg.c and warnings.pl assume the type of this is STRLEN *:  */
394     STRLEN *    cop_warnings;   /* lexical warnings bitmask */
395     /* compile time state of %^H.  See the comment in op.c for how this is
396        used to recreate a hash to return from caller.  */
397     COPHH *     cop_hints_hash;
398 };
399
400 #ifdef USE_ITHREADS
401 #  define CopFILE(c)            ((c)->cop_file)
402 #  define CopFILEGV(c)          (CopFILE(c) \
403                                  ? gv_fetchfile(CopFILE(c)) : NULL)
404                                  
405 #  ifdef NETWARE
406 #    define CopFILE_set(c,pv)   ((c)->cop_file = savepv(pv))
407 #    define CopFILE_setn(c,pv,l)  ((c)->cop_file = savepvn((pv),(l)))
408 #  else
409 #    define CopFILE_set(c,pv)   ((c)->cop_file = savesharedpv(pv))
410 #    define CopFILE_setn(c,pv,l)  ((c)->cop_file = savesharedpvn((pv),(l)))
411 #  endif
412
413 #  define CopFILESV(c)          (CopFILE(c) \
414                                  ? GvSV(gv_fetchfile(CopFILE(c))) : NULL)
415 #  define CopFILEAV(c)          (CopFILE(c) \
416                                  ? GvAV(gv_fetchfile(CopFILE(c))) : NULL)
417 #  define CopFILEAVx(c)         (assert_(CopFILE(c)) \
418                                    GvAV(gv_fetchfile(CopFILE(c))))
419
420 #  define CopSTASH(c)           PL_stashpad[(c)->cop_stashoff]
421 #  define CopSTASH_set(c,hv)    ((c)->cop_stashoff = (hv)               \
422                                     ? alloccopstash(hv)                 \
423                                     : 0)
424 #  ifdef NETWARE
425 #    define CopFILE_free(c) SAVECOPFILE_FREE(c)
426 #  else
427 #    define CopFILE_free(c)     (PerlMemShared_free(CopFILE(c)),(CopFILE(c) = NULL))
428 #  endif
429 #else
430 #  define CopFILEGV(c)          ((c)->cop_filegv)
431 #  define CopFILEGV_set(c,gv)   ((c)->cop_filegv = (GV*)SvREFCNT_inc(gv))
432 #  define CopFILE_set(c,pv)     CopFILEGV_set((c), gv_fetchfile(pv))
433 #  define CopFILE_setn(c,pv,l)  CopFILEGV_set((c), gv_fetchfile_flags((pv),(l),0))
434 #  define CopFILESV(c)          (CopFILEGV(c) ? GvSV(CopFILEGV(c)) : NULL)
435 #  define CopFILEAV(c)          (CopFILEGV(c) ? GvAV(CopFILEGV(c)) : NULL)
436 #  ifdef DEBUGGING
437 #    define CopFILEAVx(c)       (assert(CopFILEGV(c)), GvAV(CopFILEGV(c)))
438 #  else
439 #    define CopFILEAVx(c)       (GvAV(CopFILEGV(c)))
440 # endif
441 #  define CopFILE(c)            (CopFILEGV(c) \
442                                     ? GvNAME(CopFILEGV(c))+2 : NULL)
443 #  define CopSTASH(c)           ((c)->cop_stash)
444 #  define CopSTASH_set(c,hv)    ((c)->cop_stash = (hv))
445 #  define CopFILE_free(c)       (SvREFCNT_dec(CopFILEGV(c)),(CopFILEGV(c) = NULL))
446
447 #endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
448
449 #define CopSTASHPV(c)           (CopSTASH(c) ? HvNAME_get(CopSTASH(c)) : NULL)
450    /* cop_stash is not refcounted */
451 #define CopSTASHPV_set(c,pv)    CopSTASH_set((c), gv_stashpv(pv,GV_ADD))
452 #define CopSTASH_eq(c,hv)       (CopSTASH(c) == (hv))
453
454 #define CopHINTHASH_get(c)      ((COPHH*)((c)->cop_hints_hash))
455 #define CopHINTHASH_set(c,h)    ((c)->cop_hints_hash = (h))
456
457 /*
458 =head1 COP Hint Reading
459 */
460
461 /*
462 =for apidoc Am|SV *|cop_hints_fetch_pvn|const COP *cop|const char *keypv|STRLEN keylen|U32 hash|U32 flags
463
464 Look up the hint entry in the cop C<cop> with the key specified by
465 C<keypv> and C<keylen>.  If C<flags> has the C<COPHH_KEY_UTF8> bit set,
466 the key octets are interpreted as UTF-8, otherwise they are interpreted
467 as Latin-1.  C<hash> is a precomputed hash of the key string, or zero if
468 it has not been precomputed.  Returns a mortal scalar copy of the value
469 associated with the key, or C<&PL_sv_placeholder> if there is no value
470 associated with the key.
471
472 =cut
473 */
474
475 #define cop_hints_fetch_pvn(cop, keypv, keylen, hash, flags) \
476     cophh_fetch_pvn(CopHINTHASH_get(cop), keypv, keylen, hash, flags)
477
478 /*
479 =for apidoc Am|SV *|cop_hints_fetch_pvs|const COP *cop|const char *key|U32 flags
480
481 Like L</cop_hints_fetch_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
482 string/length pair, and no precomputed hash.
483
484 =cut
485 */
486
487 #define cop_hints_fetch_pvs(cop, key, flags) \
488     cophh_fetch_pvs(CopHINTHASH_get(cop), key, flags)
489
490 /*
491 =for apidoc Am|SV *|cop_hints_fetch_pv|const COP *cop|const char *key|U32 hash|U32 flags
492
493 Like L</cop_hints_fetch_pvn>, but takes a nul-terminated string instead
494 of a string/length pair.
495
496 =cut
497 */
498
499 #define cop_hints_fetch_pv(cop, key, hash, flags) \
500     cophh_fetch_pv(CopHINTHASH_get(cop), key, hash, flags)
501
502 /*
503 =for apidoc Am|SV *|cop_hints_fetch_sv|const COP *cop|SV *key|U32 hash|U32 flags
504
505 Like L</cop_hints_fetch_pvn>, but takes a Perl scalar instead of a
506 string/length pair.
507
508 =cut
509 */
510
511 #define cop_hints_fetch_sv(cop, key, hash, flags) \
512     cophh_fetch_sv(CopHINTHASH_get(cop), key, hash, flags)
513
514 /*
515 =for apidoc Am|HV *|cop_hints_2hv|const COP *cop|U32 flags
516
517 Generates and returns a standard Perl hash representing the full set of
518 hint entries in the cop C<cop>.  C<flags> is currently unused and must
519 be zero.
520
521 =cut
522 */
523
524 #define cop_hints_2hv(cop, flags) \
525     cophh_2hv(CopHINTHASH_get(cop), flags)
526
527 #define CopLABEL(c)  Perl_cop_fetch_label(aTHX_ (c), NULL, NULL)
528 #define CopLABEL_len(c,len)  Perl_cop_fetch_label(aTHX_ (c), len, NULL)
529 #define CopLABEL_len_flags(c,len,flags)  Perl_cop_fetch_label(aTHX_ (c), len, flags)
530 #define CopLABEL_alloc(pv)      ((pv)?savepv(pv):NULL)
531
532 #define CopSTASH_ne(c,hv)       (!CopSTASH_eq(c,hv))
533 #define CopLINE(c)              ((c)->cop_line)
534 #define CopLINE_inc(c)          (++CopLINE(c))
535 #define CopLINE_dec(c)          (--CopLINE(c))
536 #define CopLINE_set(c,l)        (CopLINE(c) = (l))
537
538 /* OutCopFILE() is CopFILE for output (caller, die, warn, etc.) */
539 #define OutCopFILE(c) CopFILE(c)
540
541 #define CopHINTS_get(c)         ((c)->cop_hints + 0)
542 #define CopHINTS_set(c, h)      STMT_START {                            \
543                                     (c)->cop_hints = (h);               \
544                                 } STMT_END
545
546 /*
547  * Here we have some enormously heavy (or at least ponderous) wizardry.
548  */
549
550 /* subroutine context */
551 struct block_sub {
552     OP *        retop;  /* op to execute on exit from sub */
553     /* Above here is the same for sub, format and eval.  */
554     PAD         *prevcomppad; /* the caller's PL_comppad */
555     CV *        cv;
556     /* Above here is the same for sub and format.  */
557     I32         olddepth;
558     AV          *savearray;
559 };
560
561
562 /* format context */
563 struct block_format {
564     OP *        retop;  /* op to execute on exit from sub */
565     /* Above here is the same for sub, format and eval.  */
566     PAD         *prevcomppad; /* the caller's PL_comppad */
567     CV *        cv;
568     /* Above here is the same for sub and format.  */
569     GV *        gv;
570     GV *        dfoutgv;
571 };
572
573 /* return a pointer to the current context */
574
575 #define CX_CUR() (&cxstack[cxstack_ix])
576
577 /* free all savestack items back to the watermark of the specified context */
578
579 #define CX_LEAVE_SCOPE(cx) LEAVE_SCOPE(cx->blk_oldsaveix)
580
581 #ifdef DEBUGGING
582 /* on debugging builds, poison cx afterwards so we know no code
583  * uses it - because after doing cxstack_ix--, any ties, exceptions etc
584  * may overwrite the current stack frame */
585 #  define CX_POP(cx)                                                   \
586         assert(CX_CUR() == cx);                                        \
587         cxstack_ix--;                                                  \
588         cx = NULL;
589 #else
590 #  define CX_POP(cx) cxstack_ix--;
591 #endif
592
593
594 /* base for the next two macros. Don't use directly.
595  * The context frame holds a reference to the CV so that it can't be
596  * freed while we're executing it */
597
598 #define PUSHSUB_BASE(cx, cv, op, hasargs)                               \
599         ENTRY_PROBE(CvNAMED(cv)                                         \
600                         ? HEK_KEY(CvNAME_HEK(cv))                       \
601                         : GvENAME(CvGV(cv)),                            \
602                 CopFILE((const COP *)CvSTART(cv)),                      \
603                 CopLINE((const COP *)CvSTART(cv)),                      \
604                 CopSTASHPV((const COP *)CvSTART(cv)));                  \
605                                                                         \
606         cx->blk_sub.cv = cv;                                            \
607         cx->blk_sub.olddepth = CvDEPTH(cv);                             \
608         cx->blk_sub.prevcomppad = PL_comppad;                           \
609         cx->cx_type |= (hasargs) ? CXp_HASARGS : 0;                     \
610         cx->blk_sub.retop = op;                                         \
611         SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN(cv);
612
613 #define PUSHSUB_GET_LVALUE_MASK(func) \
614         /* If the context is indeterminate, then only the lvalue */     \
615         /* flags that the caller also has are applicable.        */     \
616         (                                                               \
617            (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_WANT)                                 \
618                ? OPpENTERSUB_LVAL_MASK                                  \
619                : !(PL_op->op_private & OPpENTERSUB_LVAL_MASK)           \
620                    ? 0 : (U8)func(aTHX)                                 \
621         )
622
623 #define PUSHSUB(cx, cv, op, hasargs)                                    \
624     {                                                                   \
625         U8 phlags = PUSHSUB_GET_LVALUE_MASK(Perl_was_lvalue_sub);       \
626         PUSHSUB_BASE(cx, cv, op, hasargs)                               \
627         cx->blk_u16 = PL_op->op_private &                               \
628                           (phlags|OPpDEREF);                            \
629     }
630
631 /* variant for use by OP_DBSTATE, where op_private holds hint bits */
632 #define PUSHSUB_DB(cx, cv, op, hasargs)                                 \
633         PUSHSUB_BASE(cx, cv, op, hasargs)                               \
634         cx->blk_u16 = 0;
635
636
637 #define PUSHFORMAT(cx, cv, gv, retop)                                   \
638         cx->blk_format.cv = cv;                                         \
639         cx->blk_format.gv = gv;                                         \
640         cx->blk_format.retop = (retop);                                 \
641         cx->blk_format.dfoutgv = PL_defoutgv;                           \
642         cx->blk_format.prevcomppad = PL_comppad;                        \
643         cx->blk_u16 = 0;                                                \
644         SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN(cv);                                \
645         CvDEPTH(cv)++;                                                  \
646         SvREFCNT_inc_void(cx->blk_format.dfoutgv)
647
648 /* Restore old @_ */
649 #define CX_POP_SAVEARRAY(cx)                                            \
650     STMT_START {                                                        \
651         AV *av = GvAV(PL_defgv);                                        \
652         GvAV(PL_defgv) = cx->blk_sub.savearray;                         \
653         cx->blk_sub.savearray = NULL;                                   \
654         SvREFCNT_dec(av);                                               \
655     } STMT_END
656
657 /* junk in @_ spells trouble when cloning CVs and in pp_caller(), so don't
658  * leave any (a fast av_clear(ary), basically) */
659 #define CLEAR_ARGARRAY(ary) \
660     STMT_START {                                                        \
661         AvMAX(ary) += AvARRAY(ary) - AvALLOC(ary);                      \
662         AvARRAY(ary) = AvALLOC(ary);                                    \
663         AvFILLp(ary) = -1;                                              \
664     } STMT_END
665
666
667 /* subsets of CX_POPSUB */
668
669 #define CX_POPSUB_COMMON(cx) \
670     STMT_START {                                                        \
671         CV *cv;                                                         \
672         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_SUB);                                  \
673         PL_comppad = cx->blk_sub.prevcomppad;                           \
674         PL_curpad = LIKELY(PL_comppad) ? AvARRAY(PL_comppad) : NULL;    \
675         cv = cx->blk_sub.cv;                                            \
676         CvDEPTH(cv) = cx->blk_sub.olddepth;                             \
677         cx->blk_sub.cv = NULL;                                          \
678         SvREFCNT_dec(cv);                                               \
679     } STMT_END
680
681 /* handle the @_ part of leaving a sub */
682
683 #define CX_POPSUB_ARGS(cx) \
684     STMT_START {                                                        \
685         AV *av;                                                         \
686         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_SUB);                                  \
687         assert(AvARRAY(MUTABLE_AV(                                      \
688             PadlistARRAY(CvPADLIST(cx->blk_sub.cv))[                    \
689                     CvDEPTH(cx->blk_sub.cv)])) == PL_curpad);           \
690         CX_POP_SAVEARRAY(cx);                                           \
691         av = MUTABLE_AV(PAD_SVl(0));                                    \
692         if (UNLIKELY(AvREAL(av)))                                       \
693             /* abandon @_ if it got reified */                          \
694             clear_defarray(av, 0);                                      \
695         else {                                                          \
696             CLEAR_ARGARRAY(av);                                         \
697         }                                                               \
698     } STMT_END
699
700 #define CX_POPSUB(cx)                                                   \
701     STMT_START {                                                        \
702         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_SUB);                                  \
703         RETURN_PROBE(CvNAMED(cx->blk_sub.cv)                            \
704                         ? HEK_KEY(CvNAME_HEK(cx->blk_sub.cv))           \
705                         : GvENAME(CvGV(cx->blk_sub.cv)),                \
706                 CopFILE((COP*)CvSTART((const CV*)cx->blk_sub.cv)),      \
707                 CopLINE((COP*)CvSTART((const CV*)cx->blk_sub.cv)),      \
708                 CopSTASHPV((COP*)CvSTART((const CV*)cx->blk_sub.cv)));  \
709                                                                         \
710         if (CxHASARGS(cx)) {                                            \
711             CX_POPSUB_ARGS(cx);                                         \
712         }                                                               \
713         CX_POPSUB_COMMON(cx);                                           \
714     } STMT_END
715
716 #define CX_POPFORMAT(cx)                                                \
717     STMT_START {                                                        \
718         CV *cv;                                                         \
719         GV * const dfout = cx->blk_format.dfoutgv;                      \
720         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_FORMAT);                               \
721         setdefout(dfout);                                               \
722         cx->blk_format.dfoutgv = NULL;                                  \
723         SvREFCNT_dec_NN(dfout); /* the cx->defoutgv ref */              \
724         PL_comppad = cx->blk_format.prevcomppad;                        \
725         PL_curpad = LIKELY(PL_comppad) ? AvARRAY(PL_comppad) : NULL;    \
726         cv = cx->blk_format.cv;                                         \
727         cx->blk_format.cv = NULL;;                                      \
728         --CvDEPTH(cv);                                                  \
729         SvREFCNT_dec_NN(cv);                                            \
730     } STMT_END
731
732 /* eval context */
733 struct block_eval {
734     OP *        retop;  /* op to execute on exit from eval */
735     /* Above here is the same for sub, format and eval.  */
736     SV *        old_namesv;
737     OP *        old_eval_root;
738     SV *        cur_text;
739     CV *        cv;
740     JMPENV *    cur_top_env; /* value of PL_top_env when eval CX created */
741 };
742
743 /* If we ever need more than 512 op types, change the shift from 7.
744    blku_gimme is actually also only 2 bits, so could be merged with something.
745 */
746
747 #define CxOLD_IN_EVAL(cx)       (((cx)->blk_u16) & 0x7F)
748 #define CxOLD_OP_TYPE(cx)       (((cx)->blk_u16) >> 7)
749
750 #define PUSHEVAL(cx, op, n)                                             \
751     STMT_START {                                                        \
752         assert(!(PL_in_eval & ~0x7F));                                  \
753         assert(!(PL_op->op_type & ~0x1FF));                             \
754         cx->blk_u16 = (PL_in_eval & 0x7F) | ((U16)PL_op->op_type << 7); \
755         cx->blk_eval.old_namesv = (n ? newSVpv(n,0) : NULL);            \
756         cx->blk_eval.old_eval_root = PL_eval_root;                      \
757         cx->blk_eval.cur_text = PL_parser ? PL_parser->linestr : NULL;  \
758         cx->blk_eval.cv = NULL; /* set by doeval_compile() as applicable */ \
759         cx->blk_eval.retop = op;                                        \
760         cx->blk_eval.cur_top_env = PL_top_env;                          \
761     } STMT_END
762
763 #define CX_POPEVAL(cx)                                                  \
764     STMT_START {                                                        \
765         SV *sv;                                                         \
766         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_EVAL);                                 \
767         PL_in_eval = CxOLD_IN_EVAL(cx);                                 \
768         PL_eval_root = cx->blk_eval.old_eval_root;                      \
769         sv = cx->blk_eval.cur_text;                                     \
770         if (sv && SvSCREAM(sv)) {                                       \
771             cx->blk_eval.cur_text = NULL;                               \
772             SvREFCNT_dec_NN(sv);                                        \
773         }                                                               \
774         sv = cx->blk_eval.old_namesv;                                   \
775         if (sv && !SvTEMP(sv))/* TEMP implies CX_POPEVAL re-entrantly called */ \
776             sv_2mortal(sv);                                             \
777     } STMT_END
778
779 /* loop context */
780 struct block_loop {
781     LOOP *      my_op;  /* My op, that contains redo, next and last ops.  */
782     union {     /* different ways of locating the iteration variable */
783         SV      **svp; /* for lexicals: address of pad slot */
784         GV      *gv;   /* for package vars */
785     } itervar_u;
786     SV          *itersave; /* the original iteration var */
787     union {
788         struct { /* CXt_LOOP_ARY, C<for (@ary)>  */
789             AV *ary; /* array being iterated over */
790             IV  ix;   /* index relative to base of array */
791         } ary;
792         struct { /* CXt_LOOP_LIST, C<for (list)> */
793             I32 basesp; /* first element of list on stack */
794             IV  ix;      /* index relative to basesp */
795         } stack;
796         struct { /* CXt_LOOP_LAZYIV, C<for (1..9)> */
797             IV cur;
798             IV end;
799         } lazyiv;
800         struct { /* CXt_LOOP_LAZYSV C<for ('a'..'z')> */
801             SV * cur;
802             SV * end; /* maxiumum value (or minimum in reverse) */
803         } lazysv;
804     } state_u;
805 #ifdef USE_ITHREADS
806     PAD *oldcomppad; /* needed to map itervar_u.svp during thread clone */
807 #endif
808 };
809
810 #define CxITERVAR(c)                                    \
811         (CxPADLOOP(c)                                   \
812             ? (c)->blk_loop.itervar_u.svp               \
813             : ((c)->cx_type & CXp_FOR_GV)               \
814                 ? &GvSV((c)->blk_loop.itervar_u.gv)     \
815                 : (SV **)&(c)->blk_loop.itervar_u.gv)
816
817 #define CxLABEL(c)      (0 + CopLABEL((c)->blk_oldcop))
818 #define CxLABEL_len(c,len)      (0 + CopLABEL_len((c)->blk_oldcop, len))
819 #define CxLABEL_len_flags(c,len,flags)  (0 + CopLABEL_len_flags((c)->blk_oldcop, len, flags))
820 #define CxHASARGS(c)    (((c)->cx_type & CXp_HASARGS) == CXp_HASARGS)
821
822 /* CxLVAL(): the lval flags of the call site: the relevant flag bits from
823  * the op_private field of the calling pp_entersub (or its caller's caller
824  * if the caller's lvalue context isn't known):
825  *  OPpLVAL_INTRO:  sub used in lvalue context, e.g. f() = 1;
826  *  OPpENTERSUB_INARGS (in conjunction with OPpLVAL_INTRO): the
827  *      function is being used as a sub arg or as a referent, e.g.
828  *      g(...,f(),...)  or $r = \f()
829  *  OPpDEREF: 2-bit mask indicating e.g. f()->[0].
830  *  Note the contrast with CvLVALUE(), which is a property of the sub
831  *  rather than the call site.
832  */
833 #define CxLVAL(c)       (0 + ((c)->blk_u16 & 0xff))
834
835
836 #define PUSHLOOP_PLAIN(cx)                                              \
837         cx->blk_loop.my_op = cLOOP;
838
839 #ifdef USE_ITHREADS
840 #  define PUSHLOOP_FOR_setpad(c) (c)->blk_loop.oldcomppad = PL_comppad
841 #else
842 #  define PUSHLOOP_FOR_setpad(c) NOOP
843 #endif
844
845 #define PUSHLOOP_FOR(cx, ivar, isave)                                   \
846         cx->blk_loop.my_op = cLOOP;                                     \
847         cx->blk_loop.itervar_u.svp = (SV**)(ivar);                      \
848         cx->blk_loop.itersave = isave;                                  \
849         PUSHLOOP_FOR_setpad(cx);
850
851 #define CX_POPLOOP(cx)                                                  \
852         assert(CxTYPE_is_LOOP(cx));                                     \
853         if (  CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_LOOP_ARY                                \
854            || CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_LOOP_LAZYSV)                            \
855         {                                                               \
856             /* Free ary or cur. This assumes that state_u.ary.ary       \
857              * aligns with state_u.lazysv.cur. See cx_dup() */          \
858             SV *sv = cx->blk_loop.state_u.lazysv.cur;                   \
859             cx->blk_loop.state_u.lazysv.cur = NULL;                     \
860             SvREFCNT_dec_NN(sv);                                        \
861             if (CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_LOOP_LAZYSV) {                        \
862                 sv = cx->blk_loop.state_u.lazysv.end;                   \
863                 cx->blk_loop.state_u.lazysv.end = NULL;                 \
864                 SvREFCNT_dec_NN(sv);                                    \
865             }                                                           \
866         }                                                               \
867         if (cx->cx_type & (CXp_FOR_PAD|CXp_FOR_GV)) {                   \
868             SV *cursv;                                                  \
869             SV **svp = (cx)->blk_loop.itervar_u.svp;                    \
870             if ((cx->cx_type & CXp_FOR_GV))                             \
871                 svp = &GvSV((GV*)svp);                                  \
872             cursv = *svp;                                               \
873             *svp = cx->blk_loop.itersave;                               \
874             cx->blk_loop.itersave = NULL;                               \
875             SvREFCNT_dec(cursv);                                        \
876         }
877
878 /* given/when context */
879 struct block_givwhen {
880         OP *leave_op;
881         SV *defsv_save; /* the original $_ */
882 };
883
884 #define PUSHWHEN(cx)                                                    \
885         cx->blk_givwhen.leave_op = cLOGOP->op_other;
886
887 #define PUSHGIVEN(cx, orig_var)                                         \
888         PUSHWHEN(cx);                                                   \
889         cx->blk_givwhen.defsv_save = orig_var;
890
891 #define CX_POPWHEN(cx)                                                  \
892         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_WHEN);                                 \
893         NOOP;
894
895 #define CX_POPGIVEN(cx)                                                 \
896     STMT_START {                                                        \
897         SV *sv = GvSV(PL_defgv);                                        \
898         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_GIVEN);                                \
899         GvSV(PL_defgv) = cx->blk_givwhen.defsv_save;                    \
900         cx->blk_givwhen.defsv_save = NULL;                              \
901         SvREFCNT_dec(sv);                                               \
902     } STMT_END
903
904
905 /* basic block, i.e. pp_enter/leave */
906
907 #define PUSHBASICBLK(cx)                                                \
908         NOOP;
909
910 #define CX_POPBASICBLK(cx)                                              \
911         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_BLOCK);                                \
912         NOOP;
913
914
915 /* context common to subroutines, evals and loops */
916 struct block {
917     U8          blku_type;      /* what kind of context this is */
918     U8          blku_gimme;     /* is this block running in list context? */
919     U16         blku_u16;       /* used by block_sub and block_eval (so far) */
920     I32         blku_oldsaveix; /* saved PL_savestack_ix */
921     /* all the fields above must be aligned with same-sized fields as sbu */
922     I32         blku_oldsp;     /* current sp floor: where nextstate pops to */
923     I32         blku_oldmarksp; /* mark stack index */
924     COP *       blku_oldcop;    /* old curcop pointer */
925     PMOP *      blku_oldpm;     /* values of pattern match vars */
926     SSize_t     blku_old_tmpsfloor;     /* saved PL_tmps_floor */
927     I32         blku_oldscopesp;        /* scope stack index */
928
929     union {
930         struct block_sub        blku_sub;
931         struct block_format     blku_format;
932         struct block_eval       blku_eval;
933         struct block_loop       blku_loop;
934         struct block_givwhen    blku_givwhen;
935     } blk_u;
936 };
937 #define blk_oldsp       cx_u.cx_blk.blku_oldsp
938 #define blk_oldcop      cx_u.cx_blk.blku_oldcop
939 #define blk_oldmarksp   cx_u.cx_blk.blku_oldmarksp
940 #define blk_oldscopesp  cx_u.cx_blk.blku_oldscopesp
941 #define blk_oldpm       cx_u.cx_blk.blku_oldpm
942 #define blk_gimme       cx_u.cx_blk.blku_gimme
943 #define blk_u16         cx_u.cx_blk.blku_u16
944 #define blk_oldsaveix   cx_u.cx_blk.blku_oldsaveix
945 #define blk_sub         cx_u.cx_blk.blk_u.blku_sub
946 #define blk_format      cx_u.cx_blk.blk_u.blku_format
947 #define blk_eval        cx_u.cx_blk.blk_u.blku_eval
948 #define blk_loop        cx_u.cx_blk.blk_u.blku_loop
949 #define blk_givwhen     cx_u.cx_blk.blk_u.blku_givwhen
950
951 #define CX_DEBUG(cx, action)                                            \
952     DEBUG_l(                                                            \
953         Perl_deb(aTHX_ "CX %ld %s %s (scope %ld,%ld) (save %ld,%ld) at %s:%d\n",\
954                     (long)cxstack_ix,                                   \
955                     action,                                             \
956                     PL_block_type[CxTYPE(cx)],                          \
957                     (long)PL_scopestack_ix,                             \
958                     (long)(cx->blk_oldscopesp),                         \
959                     (long)PL_savestack_ix,                              \
960                     (long)(cx->blk_oldsaveix),                          \
961                     __FILE__, __LINE__));
962
963 /* Enter a block. */
964 #define PUSHBLOCK(cx, t, gimme, sp, saveix)                             \
965         CXINC,                                                          \
966         cx = CX_CUR(),                                                  \
967         cx->cx_type             = t,                                    \
968         cx->blk_oldsp           = sp - PL_stack_base,                   \
969         cx->blk_oldcop          = PL_curcop,                            \
970         cx->blk_oldmarksp       = PL_markstack_ptr - PL_markstack,      \
971         cx->blk_oldsaveix       = saveix,                               \
972         cx->blk_oldscopesp      = PL_scopestack_ix,                     \
973         cx->blk_oldpm           = PL_curpm,                             \
974         cx->blk_gimme           = (U8)gimme;                            \
975         cx->cx_u.cx_blk.blku_old_tmpsfloor = PL_tmps_floor;             \
976         PL_tmps_floor           = PL_tmps_ix;                           \
977         CX_DEBUG(cx, "PUSH");
978
979 #define _CX_POPBLOCK_COMMON(cx)                                         \
980         PL_markstack_ptr = PL_markstack + cx->blk_oldmarksp,            \
981         PL_scopestack_ix = cx->blk_oldscopesp,                          \
982         PL_curpm         = cx->blk_oldpm,
983
984 /* Exit a block (RETURN and LAST). */
985 #define CX_POPBLOCK(cx)                                                 \
986         CX_DEBUG(cx, "POP");                                            \
987         _CX_POPBLOCK_COMMON(cx)                                         \
988         /* LEAVE_SCOPE() should have made this true. /(?{})/ cheats
989          * and leaves a CX entry lying around for repeated use, so
990          * skip for multicall */                  \
991         assert(   (CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_SUB && CxMULTICALL(cx))            \
992                 || PL_savestack_ix == cx->blk_oldsaveix);               \
993         PL_curcop     = cx->blk_oldcop,                                 \
994         PL_tmps_floor = cx->cx_u.cx_blk.blku_old_tmpsfloor;             \
995
996 /* Continue a block elsewhere (e.g. NEXT, REDO, GOTO).
997  * Whereas CX_POPBLOCK restores the state to the point just before PUSHBLOCK
998  * was called,  CX_TOPBLOCK restores it to the point just *after* PUSHBLOCK
999  * was called. */
1000 #define CX_TOPBLOCK(cx)                                                 \
1001         CX_DEBUG(cx, "TOP");                                            \
1002         _CX_POPBLOCK_COMMON(cx)                                         \
1003         PL_stack_sp      = PL_stack_base + cx->blk_oldsp;
1004
1005 /* substitution context */
1006 struct subst {
1007     U8          sbu_type;       /* same as blku_type */
1008     U8          sbu_rflags;
1009     U16         sbu_rxtainted;
1010     I32         sbu_oldsaveix; /* same as blku_oldsaveix */
1011     /* all the fields above must be aligned with same-sized fields as blk_u */
1012     SSize_t     sbu_iters;
1013     SSize_t     sbu_maxiters;
1014     char *      sbu_orig;
1015     SV *        sbu_dstr;
1016     SV *        sbu_targ;
1017     char *      sbu_s;
1018     char *      sbu_m;
1019     char *      sbu_strend;
1020     void *      sbu_rxres;
1021     REGEXP *    sbu_rx;
1022 };
1023 #define sb_iters        cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_iters
1024 #define sb_maxiters     cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_maxiters
1025 #define sb_rflags       cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_rflags
1026 #define sb_rxtainted    cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_rxtainted
1027 #define sb_orig         cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_orig
1028 #define sb_dstr         cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_dstr
1029 #define sb_targ         cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_targ
1030 #define sb_s            cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_s
1031 #define sb_m            cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_m
1032 #define sb_strend       cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_strend
1033 #define sb_rxres        cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_rxres
1034 #define sb_rx           cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_rx
1035
1036 #ifdef PERL_CORE
1037 #  define PUSHSUBST(cx) CXINC, cx = CX_CUR(),                           \
1038         cx->blk_oldsaveix = oldsave,                                    \
1039         cx->sb_iters            = iters,                                \
1040         cx->sb_maxiters         = maxiters,                             \
1041         cx->sb_rflags           = r_flags,                              \
1042         cx->sb_rxtainted        = rxtainted,                            \
1043         cx->sb_orig             = orig,                                 \
1044         cx->sb_dstr             = dstr,                                 \
1045         cx->sb_targ             = targ,                                 \
1046         cx->sb_s                = s,                                    \
1047         cx->sb_m                = m,                                    \
1048         cx->sb_strend           = strend,                               \
1049         cx->sb_rxres            = NULL,                                 \
1050         cx->sb_rx               = rx,                                   \
1051         cx->cx_type             = CXt_SUBST | (once ? CXp_ONCE : 0);    \
1052         rxres_save(&cx->sb_rxres, rx);                                  \
1053         (void)ReREFCNT_inc(rx);                                         \
1054         SvREFCNT_inc_void_NN(targ)
1055
1056 #  define CX_POPSUBST(cx) \
1057     STMT_START {                                                        \
1058         REGEXP *re;                                                     \
1059         assert(CxTYPE(cx) == CXt_SUBST);                                \
1060         rxres_free(&cx->sb_rxres);                                      \
1061         re = cx->sb_rx;                                                 \
1062         cx->sb_rx = NULL;                                               \
1063         ReREFCNT_dec(re);                                               \
1064         SvREFCNT_dec_NN(cx->sb_targ);                                   \
1065     } STMT_END
1066 #endif
1067
1068 #define CxONCE(cx)              ((cx)->cx_type & CXp_ONCE)
1069
1070 struct context {
1071     union {
1072         struct block    cx_blk;
1073         struct subst    cx_subst;
1074     } cx_u;
1075 };
1076 #define cx_type cx_u.cx_subst.sbu_type
1077
1078 /* If you re-order these, there is also an array of uppercase names in perl.h
1079    and a static array of context names in pp_ctl.c  */
1080 #define CXTYPEMASK      0xf
1081 #define CXt_NULL        0 /* currently only used for sort BLOCK */
1082 #define CXt_WHEN        1
1083 #define CXt_BLOCK       2
1084 /* When micro-optimising :-) keep GIVEN next to the LOOPs, as these 5 share a
1085    jump table in pp_ctl.c
1086    The first 4 don't have a 'case' in at least one switch statement in pp_ctl.c
1087 */
1088 #define CXt_GIVEN       3
1089
1090 /* be careful of the ordering of these five. Macros like CxTYPE_is_LOOP,
1091  * CxFOREACH compare ranges */
1092 #define CXt_LOOP_ARY    4 /* for (@ary)     {} */
1093 #define CXt_LOOP_LAZYSV 5 /* for ('a'..'z') {} */
1094 #define CXt_LOOP_LAZYIV 6 /* for (1..9)     {} */
1095 #define CXt_LOOP_LIST   7 /* for (1,2,3)    {} */
1096 #define CXt_LOOP_PLAIN  8 /*                {} */
1097
1098 #define CXt_SUB         9
1099 #define CXt_FORMAT     10
1100 #define CXt_EVAL       11
1101 #define CXt_SUBST      12
1102 /* SUBST doesn't feature in all switch statements.  */
1103
1104 /* private flags for CXt_SUB and CXt_FORMAT */
1105 #define CXp_MULTICALL   0x10    /* part of a multicall (so don't tear down
1106                                    context on exit). (not CXt_FORMAT) */
1107 #define CXp_HASARGS     0x20
1108 #define CXp_SUB_RE      0x40    /* code called within regex, i.e. (?{}) */
1109 #define CXp_SUB_RE_FAKE 0x80    /* fake sub CX for (?{}) in current scope */
1110
1111 /* private flags for CXt_EVAL */
1112 #define CXp_REAL        0x20    /* truly eval'', not a lookalike */
1113 #define CXp_TRYBLOCK    0x40    /* eval{}, not eval'' or similar */
1114
1115 /* private flags for CXt_LOOP */
1116
1117 /* this is only set in conjunction with CXp_FOR_GV */
1118 #define CXp_FOR_DEF     0x10    /* foreach using $_ */
1119 /* these 3 are mutually exclusive */
1120 #define CXp_FOR_LVREF   0x20    /* foreach using \$var */
1121 #define CXp_FOR_GV      0x40    /* foreach using package var */
1122 #define CXp_FOR_PAD     0x80    /* foreach using lexical var */
1123
1124 #define CxPADLOOP(c)    ((c)->cx_type & CXp_FOR_PAD)
1125
1126 /* private flags for CXt_SUBST */
1127 #define CXp_ONCE        0x10    /* What was sbu_once in struct subst */
1128
1129 #define CxTYPE(c)       ((c)->cx_type & CXTYPEMASK)
1130 #define CxTYPE_is_LOOP(c) (   CxTYPE(cx) >= CXt_LOOP_ARY                \
1131                            && CxTYPE(cx) <= CXt_LOOP_PLAIN)
1132 #define CxMULTICALL(c)  ((c)->cx_type & CXp_MULTICALL)
1133 #define CxREALEVAL(c)   (((c)->cx_type & (CXTYPEMASK|CXp_REAL))         \
1134                          == (CXt_EVAL|CXp_REAL))
1135 #define CxTRYBLOCK(c)   (((c)->cx_type & (CXTYPEMASK|CXp_TRYBLOCK))     \
1136                          == (CXt_EVAL|CXp_TRYBLOCK))
1137 #define CxFOREACH(c)    (   CxTYPE(cx) >= CXt_LOOP_ARY                  \
1138                          && CxTYPE(cx) <= CXt_LOOP_LIST)
1139
1140 #define CXINC (cxstack_ix < cxstack_max ? ++cxstack_ix : (cxstack_ix = cxinc()))
1141
1142 /* 
1143 =head1 "Gimme" Values
1144 */
1145
1146 /*
1147 =for apidoc AmU||G_SCALAR
1148 Used to indicate scalar context.  See C<L</GIMME_V>>, C<L</GIMME>>, and
1149 L<perlcall>.
1150
1151 =for apidoc AmU||G_ARRAY
1152 Used to indicate list context.  See C<L</GIMME_V>>, C<L</GIMME>> and
1153 L<perlcall>.
1154
1155 =for apidoc AmU||G_VOID
1156 Used to indicate void context.  See C<L</GIMME_V>> and L<perlcall>.
1157
1158 =for apidoc AmU||G_DISCARD
1159 Indicates that arguments returned from a callback should be discarded.  See
1160 L<perlcall>.
1161
1162 =for apidoc AmU||G_EVAL
1163
1164 Used to force a Perl C<eval> wrapper around a callback.  See
1165 L<perlcall>.
1166
1167 =for apidoc AmU||G_NOARGS
1168
1169 Indicates that no arguments are being sent to a callback.  See
1170 L<perlcall>.
1171
1172 =cut
1173 */
1174
1175 #define G_SCALAR        2
1176 #define G_ARRAY         3
1177 #define G_VOID          1
1178 #define G_WANT          3
1179
1180 /* extra flags for Perl_call_* routines */
1181 #define G_DISCARD       4       /* Call FREETMPS.
1182                                    Don't change this without consulting the
1183                                    hash actions codes defined in hv.h */
1184 #define G_EVAL          8       /* Assume eval {} around subroutine call. */
1185 #define G_NOARGS       16       /* Don't construct a @_ array. */
1186 #define G_KEEPERR      32       /* Warn for errors, don't overwrite $@ */
1187 #define G_NODEBUG      64       /* Disable debugging at toplevel.  */
1188 #define G_METHOD      128       /* Calling method. */
1189 #define G_FAKINGEVAL  256       /* Faking an eval context for call_sv or
1190                                    fold_constants. */
1191 #define G_UNDEF_FILL  512       /* Fill the stack with &PL_sv_undef
1192                                    A special case for UNSHIFT in
1193                                    Perl_magic_methcall().  */
1194 #define G_WRITING_TO_STDERR 1024 /* Perl_write_to_stderr() is calling
1195                                     Perl_magic_methcall().  */
1196 #define G_RE_REPARSING 0x800     /* compiling a run-time /(?{..})/ */
1197 #define G_METHOD_NAMED 4096     /* calling named method, eg without :: or ' */
1198
1199 /* flag bits for PL_in_eval */
1200 #define EVAL_NULL       0       /* not in an eval */
1201 #define EVAL_INEVAL     1       /* some enclosing scope is an eval */
1202 #define EVAL_WARNONLY   2       /* used by yywarn() when calling yyerror() */
1203 #define EVAL_KEEPERR    4       /* set by Perl_call_sv if G_KEEPERR */
1204 #define EVAL_INREQUIRE  8       /* The code is being required. */
1205 #define EVAL_RE_REPARSING 0x10  /* eval_sv() called with G_RE_REPARSING */
1206
1207 /* Support for switching (stack and block) contexts.
1208  * This ensures magic doesn't invalidate local stack and cx pointers.
1209  */
1210
1211 #define PERLSI_UNKNOWN          -1
1212 #define PERLSI_UNDEF            0
1213 #define PERLSI_MAIN             1
1214 #define PERLSI_MAGIC            2
1215 #define PERLSI_SORT             3
1216 #define PERLSI_SIGNAL           4
1217 #define PERLSI_OVERLOAD         5
1218 #define PERLSI_DESTROY          6
1219 #define PERLSI_WARNHOOK         7
1220 #define PERLSI_DIEHOOK          8
1221 #define PERLSI_REQUIRE          9
1222 #define PERLSI_MULTICALL       10
1223
1224 struct stackinfo {
1225     AV *                si_stack;       /* stack for current runlevel */
1226     PERL_CONTEXT *      si_cxstack;     /* context stack for runlevel */
1227     struct stackinfo *  si_prev;
1228     struct stackinfo *  si_next;
1229     I32                 si_cxix;        /* current context index */
1230     I32                 si_cxmax;       /* maximum allocated index */
1231     I32                 si_type;        /* type of runlevel */
1232     I32                 si_markoff;     /* offset where markstack begins for us.
1233                                          * currently used only with DEBUGGING,
1234                                          * but not #ifdef-ed for bincompat */
1235 };
1236
1237 typedef struct stackinfo PERL_SI;
1238
1239 #define cxstack         (PL_curstackinfo->si_cxstack)
1240 #define cxstack_ix      (PL_curstackinfo->si_cxix)
1241 #define cxstack_max     (PL_curstackinfo->si_cxmax)
1242
1243 #ifdef DEBUGGING
1244 #  define       SET_MARK_OFFSET \
1245     PL_curstackinfo->si_markoff = PL_markstack_ptr - PL_markstack
1246 #else
1247 #  define       SET_MARK_OFFSET NOOP
1248 #endif
1249
1250 #define PUSHSTACKi(type) \
1251     STMT_START {                                                        \
1252         PERL_SI *next = PL_curstackinfo->si_next;                       \
1253         DEBUG_l({                                                       \
1254             int i = 0; PERL_SI *p = PL_curstackinfo;                    \
1255             while (p) { i++; p = p->si_prev; }                          \
1256             Perl_deb(aTHX_ "push STACKINFO %d at %s:%d\n",              \
1257                          i, __FILE__, __LINE__);})                      \
1258         if (!next) {                                                    \
1259             next = new_stackinfo(32, 2048/sizeof(PERL_CONTEXT) - 1);    \
1260             next->si_prev = PL_curstackinfo;                            \
1261             PL_curstackinfo->si_next = next;                            \
1262         }                                                               \
1263         next->si_type = type;                                           \
1264         next->si_cxix = -1;                                             \
1265         AvFILLp(next->si_stack) = 0;                                    \
1266         SWITCHSTACK(PL_curstack,next->si_stack);                        \
1267         PL_curstackinfo = next;                                         \
1268         SET_MARK_OFFSET;                                                \
1269     } STMT_END
1270
1271 #define PUSHSTACK PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_UNKNOWN)
1272
1273 /* POPSTACK works with PL_stack_sp, so it may need to be bracketed by
1274  * PUTBACK/SPAGAIN to flush/refresh any local SP that may be active */
1275 #define POPSTACK \
1276     STMT_START {                                                        \
1277         dSP;                                                            \
1278         PERL_SI * const prev = PL_curstackinfo->si_prev;                \
1279         DEBUG_l({                                                       \
1280             int i = -1; PERL_SI *p = PL_curstackinfo;                   \
1281             while (p) { i++; p = p->si_prev; }                          \
1282             Perl_deb(aTHX_ "pop  STACKINFO %d at %s:%d\n",              \
1283                          i, __FILE__, __LINE__);})                      \
1284         if (!prev) {                                                    \
1285             Perl_croak_popstack();                                      \
1286         }                                                               \
1287         SWITCHSTACK(PL_curstack,prev->si_stack);                        \
1288         /* don't free prev here, free them all at the END{} */          \
1289         PL_curstackinfo = prev;                                         \
1290     } STMT_END
1291
1292 #define POPSTACK_TO(s) \
1293     STMT_START {                                                        \
1294         while (PL_curstack != s) {                                      \
1295             dounwind(-1);                                               \
1296             POPSTACK;                                                   \
1297         }                                                               \
1298     } STMT_END
1299
1300 #define IN_PERL_COMPILETIME     (PL_curcop == &PL_compiling)
1301 #define IN_PERL_RUNTIME         (PL_curcop != &PL_compiling)
1302
1303 /*
1304 =head1 Multicall Functions
1305
1306 =for apidoc Ams||dMULTICALL
1307 Declare local variables for a multicall.  See L<perlcall/LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS>.
1308
1309 =for apidoc Ams||PUSH_MULTICALL
1310 Opening bracket for a lightweight callback.
1311 See L<perlcall/LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS>.
1312
1313 =for apidoc Ams||MULTICALL
1314 Make a lightweight callback.  See L<perlcall/LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS>.
1315
1316 =for apidoc Ams||POP_MULTICALL
1317 Closing bracket for a lightweight callback.
1318 See L<perlcall/LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS>.
1319
1320 =cut
1321 */
1322
1323 #define dMULTICALL \
1324     SV **newsp;                 /* set by CX_POPBLOCK */                \
1325     PERL_CONTEXT *cx;                                                   \
1326     CV *multicall_cv;                                                   \
1327     OP *multicall_cop;                                                  \
1328     bool multicall_oldcatch;                                            \
1329     I32 saveix_floor;                                                   \
1330     U8 hasargs = 0              /* used by PUSHSUB */
1331
1332 #define PUSH_MULTICALL(the_cv) \
1333     PUSH_MULTICALL_FLAGS(the_cv, 0)
1334
1335 /* Like PUSH_MULTICALL, but allows you to specify extra flags
1336  * for the CX stack entry (this isn't part of the public API) */
1337
1338 #define PUSH_MULTICALL_FLAGS(the_cv, flags) \
1339     STMT_START {                                                        \
1340         CV * const _nOnclAshIngNamE_ = the_cv;                          \
1341         CV * const cv = _nOnclAshIngNamE_;                              \
1342         PADLIST * const padlist = CvPADLIST(cv);                        \
1343         multicall_oldcatch = CATCH_GET;                                 \
1344         CATCH_SET(TRUE);                                                \
1345         PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MULTICALL);                                   \
1346         PUSHBLOCK(cx, (CXt_SUB|CXp_MULTICALL|flags), gimme,             \
1347                   PL_stack_sp, PL_savestack_ix);                        \
1348         PUSHSUB(cx, cv, NULL, hasargs);                                 \
1349         SAVEOP();                                                       \
1350         saveix_floor = PL_savestack_ix;                                 \
1351         if (!(flags & CXp_SUB_RE_FAKE))                                 \
1352             CvDEPTH(cv)++;                                              \
1353         if (CvDEPTH(cv) >= 2)                                           \
1354             Perl_pad_push(aTHX_ padlist, CvDEPTH(cv));                  \
1355         PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE(padlist, CvDEPTH(cv));                       \
1356         multicall_cv = cv;                                              \
1357         PERL_UNUSED_VAR(multicall_cv); /* for API */                    \
1358         multicall_cop = CvSTART(cv);                                    \
1359     } STMT_END
1360
1361 #define MULTICALL \
1362     STMT_START {                                                        \
1363         PL_op = multicall_cop;                                          \
1364         CALLRUNOPS(aTHX);                                               \
1365         cx = CX_CUR();                                                  \
1366         LEAVE_SCOPE(saveix_floor);                                      \
1367     } STMT_END
1368
1369 #define POP_MULTICALL \
1370     STMT_START {                                                        \
1371         cx = CX_CUR();                                                  \
1372         CX_LEAVE_SCOPE(cx);                                             \
1373         CX_POPSUB_COMMON(cx);                                           \
1374         newsp = PL_stack_base + cx->blk_oldsp;                          \
1375         gimme = cx->blk_gimme;                                          \
1376         PERL_UNUSED_VAR(newsp); /* for API */                           \
1377         PERL_UNUSED_VAR(gimme); /* for API */                           \
1378         CX_POPBLOCK(cx);                                                \
1379         CX_POP(cx);                                                     \
1380         POPSTACK;                                                       \
1381         CATCH_SET(multicall_oldcatch);                                  \
1382         SPAGAIN;                                                        \
1383     } STMT_END
1384
1385 /* Change the CV of an already-pushed MULTICALL CxSUB block.
1386  * (this isn't part of the public API) */
1387
1388 #define CHANGE_MULTICALL_FLAGS(the_cv, flags) \
1389     STMT_START {                                                        \
1390         CV * const _nOnclAshIngNamE_ = the_cv;                          \
1391         CV * const cv = _nOnclAshIngNamE_;                              \
1392         PADLIST * const padlist = CvPADLIST(cv);                        \
1393         cx = CX_CUR();                                                  \
1394         assert(CxMULTICALL(cx));                                        \
1395         CX_POPSUB_COMMON(cx);                                           \
1396         cx->cx_type = (CXt_SUB|CXp_MULTICALL|flags);                    \
1397         PUSHSUB(cx, cv, NULL, hasargs);                                 \
1398         if (!(flags & CXp_SUB_RE_FAKE))                                 \
1399             CvDEPTH(cv)++;                                              \
1400         if (CvDEPTH(cv) >= 2)                                           \
1401             Perl_pad_push(aTHX_ padlist, CvDEPTH(cv));                  \
1402         PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE(padlist, CvDEPTH(cv));                       \
1403         multicall_cv = cv;                                              \
1404         multicall_cop = CvSTART(cv);                                    \
1405     } STMT_END
1406 /*
1407  * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 et:
1408  */