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It'd be nice if I hadn't broken corecpan.pl. Its fixed now, though.
[perl5.git] / util.c
CommitLineData
a0d0e21e 1/* util.c
a687059c 2 *
4bb101f2 3 * Copyright (C) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
770526c1 4 * 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
d48672a2
LW
6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
8d063cd8 9 */
a0d0e21e
LW
10
11/*
12 * "Very useful, no doubt, that was to Saruman; yet it seems that he was
13 * not content." --Gandalf
14 */
8d063cd8 15
166f8a29
DM
16/* This file contains assorted utility routines.
17 * Which is a polite way of saying any stuff that people couldn't think of
18 * a better place for. Amongst other things, it includes the warning and
19 * dieing stuff, plus wrappers for malloc code.
20 */
21
8d063cd8 22#include "EXTERN.h"
864dbfa3 23#define PERL_IN_UTIL_C
8d063cd8 24#include "perl.h"
62b28dd9 25
64ca3a65 26#ifndef PERL_MICRO
a687059c 27#include <signal.h>
36477c24
PP
28#ifndef SIG_ERR
29# define SIG_ERR ((Sighandler_t) -1)
30#endif
64ca3a65 31#endif
36477c24 32
172d2248
OS
33#ifdef __Lynx__
34/* Missing protos on LynxOS */
35int putenv(char *);
36#endif
37
ff68c719
PP
38#ifdef I_SYS_WAIT
39# include <sys/wait.h>
40#endif
41
868439a2
JH
42#ifdef HAS_SELECT
43# ifdef I_SYS_SELECT
44# include <sys/select.h>
45# endif
46#endif
47
8d063cd8 48#define FLUSH
8d063cd8 49
16cebae2
GS
50#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD) && !defined(FD_CLOEXEC)
51# define FD_CLOEXEC 1 /* NeXT needs this */
52#endif
53
a687059c
LW
54/* NOTE: Do not call the next three routines directly. Use the macros
55 * in handy.h, so that we can easily redefine everything to do tracking of
56 * allocated hunks back to the original New to track down any memory leaks.
20cec16a 57 * XXX This advice seems to be widely ignored :-( --AD August 1996.
a687059c
LW
58 */
59
ca8d8976
NC
60static char *
61S_write_no_mem(pTHX)
62{
63 /* Can't use PerlIO to write as it allocates memory */
64 PerlLIO_write(PerlIO_fileno(Perl_error_log),
65 PL_no_mem, strlen(PL_no_mem));
66 my_exit(1);
1f440eb2 67 NORETURN_FUNCTION_END;
ca8d8976
NC
68}
69
26fa51c3
AMS
70/* paranoid version of system's malloc() */
71
bd4080b3 72Malloc_t
4f63d024 73Perl_safesysmalloc(MEM_SIZE size)
8d063cd8 74{
54aff467 75 dTHX;
bd4080b3 76 Malloc_t ptr;
55497cff 77#ifdef HAS_64K_LIMIT
62b28dd9 78 if (size > 0xffff) {
bf49b057 79 PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log,
16cebae2 80 "Allocation too large: %lx\n", size) FLUSH;
54aff467 81 my_exit(1);
62b28dd9 82 }
55497cff 83#endif /* HAS_64K_LIMIT */
e8dda941
JD
84#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
85 size += sTHX;
86#endif
34de22dd
LW
87#ifdef DEBUGGING
88 if ((long)size < 0)
4f63d024 89 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: malloc");
34de22dd 90#endif
12ae5dfc 91 ptr = (Malloc_t)PerlMem_malloc(size?size:1); /* malloc(0) is NASTY on our system */
da927450 92 PERL_ALLOC_CHECK(ptr);
97835f67 93 DEBUG_m(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "0x%"UVxf": (%05ld) malloc %ld bytes\n",PTR2UV(ptr),(long)PL_an++,(long)size));
e8dda941
JD
94 if (ptr != Nullch) {
95#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
731dcb42 96 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)ptr)->interpreter = aTHX;
cd1541b2
NC
97# ifdef PERL_POISON
98 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)ptr)->size = size;
99 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)ptr)->in_use = PERL_POISON_INUSE;
100# endif
e8dda941
JD
101 ptr = (Malloc_t)((char*)ptr+sTHX);
102#endif
8d063cd8 103 return ptr;
e8dda941 104}
3280af22 105 else if (PL_nomemok)
7c0587c8 106 return Nullch;
8d063cd8 107 else {
0bd48802 108 return write_no_mem();
8d063cd8
LW
109 }
110 /*NOTREACHED*/
111}
112
f2517201 113/* paranoid version of system's realloc() */
8d063cd8 114
bd4080b3 115Malloc_t
4f63d024 116Perl_safesysrealloc(Malloc_t where,MEM_SIZE size)
8d063cd8 117{
54aff467 118 dTHX;
bd4080b3 119 Malloc_t ptr;
9a34ef1d 120#if !defined(STANDARD_C) && !defined(HAS_REALLOC_PROTOTYPE) && !defined(PERL_MICRO)
6ad3d225 121 Malloc_t PerlMem_realloc();
ecfc5424 122#endif /* !defined(STANDARD_C) && !defined(HAS_REALLOC_PROTOTYPE) */
8d063cd8 123
a1d180c4 124#ifdef HAS_64K_LIMIT
5f05dabc 125 if (size > 0xffff) {
bf49b057 126 PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log,
5f05dabc 127 "Reallocation too large: %lx\n", size) FLUSH;
54aff467 128 my_exit(1);
5f05dabc 129 }
55497cff 130#endif /* HAS_64K_LIMIT */
7614df0c 131 if (!size) {
f2517201 132 safesysfree(where);
7614df0c
JD
133 return NULL;
134 }
135
378cc40b 136 if (!where)
f2517201 137 return safesysmalloc(size);
e8dda941
JD
138#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
139 where = (Malloc_t)((char*)where-sTHX);
140 size += sTHX;
731dcb42 141 if (((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->interpreter != aTHX) {
e8dda941
JD
142 /* int *nowhere = NULL; *nowhere = 0; */
143 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: realloc from wrong pool");
144 }
cd1541b2 145# ifdef PERL_POISON
2bee601c
NC
146 if (((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->size > size) {
147 const MEM_SIZE freed_up =
148 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->size - size;
149 char *start_of_freed = ((char *)where) + size;
150 Poison(start_of_freed, freed_up, char);
151 }
cd1541b2 152 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->size = size;
cd1541b2 153# endif
e8dda941 154#endif
34de22dd
LW
155#ifdef DEBUGGING
156 if ((long)size < 0)
4f63d024 157 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: realloc");
34de22dd 158#endif
12ae5dfc 159 ptr = (Malloc_t)PerlMem_realloc(where,size);
da927450 160 PERL_ALLOC_CHECK(ptr);
a1d180c4 161
97835f67
JH
162 DEBUG_m(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "0x%"UVxf": (%05ld) rfree\n",PTR2UV(where),(long)PL_an++));
163 DEBUG_m(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "0x%"UVxf": (%05ld) realloc %ld bytes\n",PTR2UV(ptr),(long)PL_an++,(long)size));
79072805 164
e8dda941
JD
165 if (ptr != Nullch) {
166#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
167 ptr = (Malloc_t)((char*)ptr+sTHX);
168#endif
8d063cd8 169 return ptr;
e8dda941 170 }
3280af22 171 else if (PL_nomemok)
7c0587c8 172 return Nullch;
8d063cd8 173 else {
0bd48802 174 return write_no_mem();
8d063cd8
LW
175 }
176 /*NOTREACHED*/
177}
178
f2517201 179/* safe version of system's free() */
8d063cd8 180
54310121 181Free_t
4f63d024 182Perl_safesysfree(Malloc_t where)
8d063cd8 183{
27da23d5 184 dVAR;
e8dda941 185#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS) || defined(PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL)
54aff467 186 dTHX;
155aba94 187#endif
97835f67 188 DEBUG_m( PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "0x%"UVxf": (%05ld) free\n",PTR2UV(where),(long)PL_an++));
378cc40b 189 if (where) {
e8dda941
JD
190#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
191 where = (Malloc_t)((char*)where-sTHX);
731dcb42 192 if (((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->interpreter != aTHX) {
e8dda941
JD
193 /* int *nowhere = NULL; *nowhere = 0; */
194 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: free from wrong pool");
195 }
cd1541b2
NC
196# ifdef PERL_POISON
197 {
198 if (((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->in_use
199 == PERL_POISON_FREE) {
200 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: duplicate free");
201 }
202 if (((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->in_use
203 != PERL_POISON_INUSE) {
204 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: bad free ");
205 }
206 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->in_use
207 = PERL_POISON_FREE;
208 }
209 Poison(where, ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)where)->size, char);
210# endif
e8dda941 211#endif
6ad3d225 212 PerlMem_free(where);
378cc40b 213 }
8d063cd8
LW
214}
215
f2517201 216/* safe version of system's calloc() */
1050c9ca 217
bd4080b3 218Malloc_t
4f63d024 219Perl_safesyscalloc(MEM_SIZE count, MEM_SIZE size)
1050c9ca 220{
54aff467 221 dTHX;
bd4080b3 222 Malloc_t ptr;
1050c9ca 223
55497cff 224#ifdef HAS_64K_LIMIT
5f05dabc 225 if (size * count > 0xffff) {
bf49b057 226 PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log,
5f05dabc 227 "Allocation too large: %lx\n", size * count) FLUSH;
54aff467 228 my_exit(1);
5f05dabc 229 }
55497cff 230#endif /* HAS_64K_LIMIT */
1050c9ca
PP
231#ifdef DEBUGGING
232 if ((long)size < 0 || (long)count < 0)
4f63d024 233 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: calloc");
1050c9ca 234#endif
0b7c1c42 235 size *= count;
e8dda941
JD
236#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
237 size += sTHX;
238#endif
12ae5dfc 239 ptr = (Malloc_t)PerlMem_malloc(size?size:1); /* malloc(0) is NASTY on our system */
da927450 240 PERL_ALLOC_CHECK(ptr);
97835f67 241 DEBUG_m(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "0x%"UVxf": (%05ld) calloc %ld x %ld bytes\n",PTR2UV(ptr),(long)PL_an++,(long)count,(long)size));
1050c9ca
PP
242 if (ptr != Nullch) {
243 memset((void*)ptr, 0, size);
e8dda941 244#ifdef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
731dcb42 245 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)ptr)->interpreter = aTHX;
cd1541b2
NC
246# ifdef PERL_POISON
247 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)ptr)->size = size;
248 ((struct perl_memory_debug_header *)ptr)->in_use = PERL_POISON_INUSE;
249# endif
e8dda941
JD
250 ptr = (Malloc_t)((char*)ptr+sTHX);
251#endif
1050c9ca
PP
252 return ptr;
253 }
3280af22 254 else if (PL_nomemok)
1050c9ca 255 return Nullch;
0bd48802 256 return write_no_mem();
1050c9ca
PP
257}
258
cae6d0e5
GS
259/* These must be defined when not using Perl's malloc for binary
260 * compatibility */
261
262#ifndef MYMALLOC
263
264Malloc_t Perl_malloc (MEM_SIZE nbytes)
265{
266 dTHXs;
077a72a9 267 return (Malloc_t)PerlMem_malloc(nbytes);
cae6d0e5
GS
268}
269
270Malloc_t Perl_calloc (MEM_SIZE elements, MEM_SIZE size)
271{
272 dTHXs;
077a72a9 273 return (Malloc_t)PerlMem_calloc(elements, size);
cae6d0e5
GS
274}
275
276Malloc_t Perl_realloc (Malloc_t where, MEM_SIZE nbytes)
277{
278 dTHXs;
077a72a9 279 return (Malloc_t)PerlMem_realloc(where, nbytes);
cae6d0e5
GS
280}
281
282Free_t Perl_mfree (Malloc_t where)
283{
284 dTHXs;
285 PerlMem_free(where);
286}
287
288#endif
289
8d063cd8
LW
290/* copy a string up to some (non-backslashed) delimiter, if any */
291
292char *
e1ec3a88 293Perl_delimcpy(pTHX_ register char *to, register const char *toend, register const char *from, register const char *fromend, register int delim, I32 *retlen)
8d063cd8 294{
fc36a67e
PP
295 register I32 tolen;
296 for (tolen = 0; from < fromend; from++, tolen++) {
378cc40b
LW
297 if (*from == '\\') {
298 if (from[1] == delim)
299 from++;
fc36a67e
PP
300 else {
301 if (to < toend)
302 *to++ = *from;
303 tolen++;
304 from++;
305 }
378cc40b 306 }
bedebaa5 307 else if (*from == delim)
8d063cd8 308 break;
fc36a67e
PP
309 if (to < toend)
310 *to++ = *from;
8d063cd8 311 }
bedebaa5
CS
312 if (to < toend)
313 *to = '\0';
fc36a67e 314 *retlen = tolen;
73d840c0 315 return (char *)from;
8d063cd8
LW
316}
317
318/* return ptr to little string in big string, NULL if not found */
378cc40b 319/* This routine was donated by Corey Satten. */
8d063cd8
LW
320
321char *
864dbfa3 322Perl_instr(pTHX_ register const char *big, register const char *little)
378cc40b 323{
79072805 324 register I32 first;
378cc40b 325
a687059c 326 if (!little)
08105a92 327 return (char*)big;
a687059c 328 first = *little++;
378cc40b 329 if (!first)
08105a92 330 return (char*)big;
378cc40b 331 while (*big) {
66a1b24b 332 register const char *s, *x;
378cc40b
LW
333 if (*big++ != first)
334 continue;
335 for (x=big,s=little; *s; /**/ ) {
336 if (!*x)
337 return Nullch;
4fc877ac 338 if (*s != *x)
378cc40b 339 break;
4fc877ac
AL
340 else {
341 s++;
342 x++;
378cc40b
LW
343 }
344 }
345 if (!*s)
08105a92 346 return (char*)(big-1);
378cc40b
LW
347 }
348 return Nullch;
349}
8d063cd8 350
a687059c
LW
351/* same as instr but allow embedded nulls */
352
353char *
864dbfa3 354Perl_ninstr(pTHX_ register const char *big, register const char *bigend, const char *little, const char *lend)
8d063cd8 355{
e1ec3a88 356 register const I32 first = *little;
7452cf6a 357 register const char * const littleend = lend;
378cc40b 358
a0d0e21e 359 if (!first && little >= littleend)
08105a92 360 return (char*)big;
de3bb511
LW
361 if (bigend - big < littleend - little)
362 return Nullch;
a687059c
LW
363 bigend -= littleend - little++;
364 while (big <= bigend) {
66a1b24b 365 register const char *s, *x;
a687059c
LW
366 if (*big++ != first)
367 continue;
368 for (x=big,s=little; s < littleend; /**/ ) {
4fc877ac 369 if (*s != *x)
a687059c 370 break;
4fc877ac
AL
371 else {
372 s++;
373 x++;
a687059c
LW
374 }
375 }
376 if (s >= littleend)
08105a92 377 return (char*)(big-1);
378cc40b 378 }
a687059c
LW
379 return Nullch;
380}
381
382/* reverse of the above--find last substring */
383
384char *
864dbfa3 385Perl_rninstr(pTHX_ register const char *big, const char *bigend, const char *little, const char *lend)
a687059c 386{
08105a92 387 register const char *bigbeg;
e1ec3a88 388 register const I32 first = *little;
7452cf6a 389 register const char * const littleend = lend;
a687059c 390
a0d0e21e 391 if (!first && little >= littleend)
08105a92 392 return (char*)bigend;
a687059c
LW
393 bigbeg = big;
394 big = bigend - (littleend - little++);
395 while (big >= bigbeg) {
66a1b24b 396 register const char *s, *x;
a687059c
LW
397 if (*big-- != first)
398 continue;
399 for (x=big+2,s=little; s < littleend; /**/ ) {
4fc877ac 400 if (*s != *x)
a687059c 401 break;
4fc877ac
AL
402 else {
403 x++;
404 s++;
a687059c
LW
405 }
406 }
407 if (s >= littleend)
08105a92 408 return (char*)(big+1);
378cc40b 409 }
a687059c 410 return Nullch;
378cc40b 411}
a687059c 412
cf93c79d
IZ
413#define FBM_TABLE_OFFSET 2 /* Number of bytes between EOS and table*/
414
415/* As a space optimization, we do not compile tables for strings of length
416 0 and 1, and for strings of length 2 unless FBMcf_TAIL. These are
417 special-cased in fbm_instr().
418
419 If FBMcf_TAIL, the table is created as if the string has a trailing \n. */
420
954c1994 421/*
ccfc67b7
JH
422=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
423
954c1994
GS
424=for apidoc fbm_compile
425
426Analyses the string in order to make fast searches on it using fbm_instr()
427-- the Boyer-Moore algorithm.
428
429=cut
430*/
431
378cc40b 432void
7506f9c3 433Perl_fbm_compile(pTHX_ SV *sv, U32 flags)
378cc40b 434{
0d46e09a 435 register const U8 *s;
79072805 436 register U32 i;
0b71040e 437 STRLEN len;
79072805
LW
438 I32 rarest = 0;
439 U32 frequency = 256;
440
c517dc2b 441 if (flags & FBMcf_TAIL) {
890ce7af 442 MAGIC * const mg = SvUTF8(sv) && SvMAGICAL(sv) ? mg_find(sv, PERL_MAGIC_utf8) : NULL;
cf93c79d 443 sv_catpvn(sv, "\n", 1); /* Taken into account in fbm_instr() */
c517dc2b
JH
444 if (mg && mg->mg_len >= 0)
445 mg->mg_len++;
446 }
9cbe880b 447 s = (U8*)SvPV_force_mutable(sv, len);
862a34c6 448 SvUPGRADE(sv, SVt_PVBM);
d1be9408 449 if (len == 0) /* TAIL might be on a zero-length string. */
cf93c79d 450 return;
02128f11 451 if (len > 2) {
9cbe880b 452 const unsigned char *sb;
66a1b24b 453 const U8 mlen = (len>255) ? 255 : (U8)len;
890ce7af 454 register U8 *table;
cf93c79d 455
7506f9c3 456 Sv_Grow(sv, len + 256 + FBM_TABLE_OFFSET);
9cbe880b 457 table = (unsigned char*)(SvPVX_mutable(sv) + len + FBM_TABLE_OFFSET);
7506f9c3
GS
458 s = table - 1 - FBM_TABLE_OFFSET; /* last char */
459 memset((void*)table, mlen, 256);
460 table[-1] = (U8)flags;
02128f11 461 i = 0;
7506f9c3 462 sb = s - mlen + 1; /* first char (maybe) */
cf93c79d
IZ
463 while (s >= sb) {
464 if (table[*s] == mlen)
7506f9c3 465 table[*s] = (U8)i;
cf93c79d
IZ
466 s--, i++;
467 }
378cc40b 468 }
14befaf4 469 sv_magic(sv, Nullsv, PERL_MAGIC_bm, Nullch, 0); /* deep magic */
79072805 470 SvVALID_on(sv);
378cc40b 471
9cbe880b 472 s = (const unsigned char*)(SvPVX_const(sv)); /* deeper magic */
bbce6d69 473 for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
22c35a8c 474 if (PL_freq[s[i]] < frequency) {
bbce6d69 475 rarest = i;
22c35a8c 476 frequency = PL_freq[s[i]];
378cc40b
LW
477 }
478 }
79072805 479 BmRARE(sv) = s[rarest];
eb160463 480 BmPREVIOUS(sv) = (U16)rarest;
cf93c79d
IZ
481 BmUSEFUL(sv) = 100; /* Initial value */
482 if (flags & FBMcf_TAIL)
483 SvTAIL_on(sv);
7506f9c3
GS
484 DEBUG_r(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "rarest char %c at %d\n",
485 BmRARE(sv),BmPREVIOUS(sv)));
378cc40b
LW
486}
487
cf93c79d
IZ
488/* If SvTAIL(littlestr), it has a fake '\n' at end. */
489/* If SvTAIL is actually due to \Z or \z, this gives false positives
490 if multiline */
491
954c1994
GS
492/*
493=for apidoc fbm_instr
494
495Returns the location of the SV in the string delimited by C<str> and
496C<strend>. It returns C<Nullch> if the string can't be found. The C<sv>
497does not have to be fbm_compiled, but the search will not be as fast
498then.
499
500=cut
501*/
502
378cc40b 503char *
864dbfa3 504Perl_fbm_instr(pTHX_ unsigned char *big, register unsigned char *bigend, SV *littlestr, U32 flags)
378cc40b 505{
a687059c 506 register unsigned char *s;
cf93c79d 507 STRLEN l;
9cbe880b
NC
508 register const unsigned char *little
509 = (const unsigned char *)SvPV_const(littlestr,l);
cf93c79d 510 register STRLEN littlelen = l;
e1ec3a88 511 register const I32 multiline = flags & FBMrf_MULTILINE;
cf93c79d 512
eb160463 513 if ((STRLEN)(bigend - big) < littlelen) {
a1d180c4 514 if ( SvTAIL(littlestr)
eb160463 515 && ((STRLEN)(bigend - big) == littlelen - 1)
a1d180c4 516 && (littlelen == 1
12ae5dfc 517 || (*big == *little &&
27da23d5 518 memEQ((char *)big, (char *)little, littlelen - 1))))
cf93c79d
IZ
519 return (char*)big;
520 return Nullch;
521 }
378cc40b 522
cf93c79d 523 if (littlelen <= 2) { /* Special-cased */
cf93c79d
IZ
524
525 if (littlelen == 1) {
526 if (SvTAIL(littlestr) && !multiline) { /* Anchor only! */
527 /* Know that bigend != big. */
528 if (bigend[-1] == '\n')
529 return (char *)(bigend - 1);
530 return (char *) bigend;
531 }
532 s = big;
533 while (s < bigend) {
534 if (*s == *little)
535 return (char *)s;
536 s++;
537 }
538 if (SvTAIL(littlestr))
539 return (char *) bigend;
540 return Nullch;
541 }
542 if (!littlelen)
543 return (char*)big; /* Cannot be SvTAIL! */
544
545 /* littlelen is 2 */
546 if (SvTAIL(littlestr) && !multiline) {
547 if (bigend[-1] == '\n' && bigend[-2] == *little)
548 return (char*)bigend - 2;
549 if (bigend[-1] == *little)
550 return (char*)bigend - 1;
551 return Nullch;
552 }
553 {
554 /* This should be better than FBM if c1 == c2, and almost
555 as good otherwise: maybe better since we do less indirection.
556 And we save a lot of memory by caching no table. */
66a1b24b
AL
557 const unsigned char c1 = little[0];
558 const unsigned char c2 = little[1];
cf93c79d
IZ
559
560 s = big + 1;
561 bigend--;
562 if (c1 != c2) {
563 while (s <= bigend) {
564 if (s[0] == c2) {
565 if (s[-1] == c1)
566 return (char*)s - 1;
567 s += 2;
568 continue;
3fe6f2dc 569 }
cf93c79d
IZ
570 next_chars:
571 if (s[0] == c1) {
572 if (s == bigend)
573 goto check_1char_anchor;
574 if (s[1] == c2)
575 return (char*)s;
576 else {
577 s++;
578 goto next_chars;
579 }
580 }
581 else
582 s += 2;
583 }
584 goto check_1char_anchor;
585 }
586 /* Now c1 == c2 */
587 while (s <= bigend) {
588 if (s[0] == c1) {
589 if (s[-1] == c1)
590 return (char*)s - 1;
591 if (s == bigend)
592 goto check_1char_anchor;
593 if (s[1] == c1)
594 return (char*)s;
595 s += 3;
02128f11 596 }
c277df42 597 else
cf93c79d 598 s += 2;
c277df42 599 }
c277df42 600 }
cf93c79d
IZ
601 check_1char_anchor: /* One char and anchor! */
602 if (SvTAIL(littlestr) && (*bigend == *little))
603 return (char *)bigend; /* bigend is already decremented. */
604 return Nullch;
d48672a2 605 }
cf93c79d 606 if (SvTAIL(littlestr) && !multiline) { /* tail anchored? */
bbce6d69 607 s = bigend - littlelen;
a1d180c4 608 if (s >= big && bigend[-1] == '\n' && *s == *little
cf93c79d
IZ
609 /* Automatically of length > 2 */
610 && memEQ((char*)s + 1, (char*)little + 1, littlelen - 2))
7506f9c3 611 {
bbce6d69 612 return (char*)s; /* how sweet it is */
7506f9c3
GS
613 }
614 if (s[1] == *little
615 && memEQ((char*)s + 2, (char*)little + 1, littlelen - 2))
616 {
cf93c79d 617 return (char*)s + 1; /* how sweet it is */
7506f9c3 618 }
02128f11
IZ
619 return Nullch;
620 }
cf93c79d 621 if (SvTYPE(littlestr) != SVt_PVBM || !SvVALID(littlestr)) {
c4420975 622 char * const b = ninstr((char*)big,(char*)bigend,
cf93c79d
IZ
623 (char*)little, (char*)little + littlelen);
624
625 if (!b && SvTAIL(littlestr)) { /* Automatically multiline! */
626 /* Chop \n from littlestr: */
627 s = bigend - littlelen + 1;
7506f9c3
GS
628 if (*s == *little
629 && memEQ((char*)s + 1, (char*)little + 1, littlelen - 2))
630 {
3fe6f2dc 631 return (char*)s;
7506f9c3 632 }
cf93c79d 633 return Nullch;
a687059c 634 }
cf93c79d 635 return b;
a687059c 636 }
a1d180c4 637
cf93c79d 638 { /* Do actual FBM. */
c4420975 639 register const unsigned char * const table = little + littlelen + FBM_TABLE_OFFSET;
0d46e09a 640 register const unsigned char *oldlittle;
cf93c79d 641
eb160463 642 if (littlelen > (STRLEN)(bigend - big))
cf93c79d
IZ
643 return Nullch;
644 --littlelen; /* Last char found by table lookup */
645
646 s = big + littlelen;
647 little += littlelen; /* last char */
648 oldlittle = little;
649 if (s < bigend) {
650 register I32 tmp;
651
652 top2:
7506f9c3 653 if ((tmp = table[*s])) {
cf93c79d 654 if ((s += tmp) < bigend)
62b28dd9 655 goto top2;
cf93c79d
IZ
656 goto check_end;
657 }
658 else { /* less expensive than calling strncmp() */
66a1b24b 659 register unsigned char * const olds = s;
cf93c79d
IZ
660
661 tmp = littlelen;
662
663 while (tmp--) {
664 if (*--s == *--little)
665 continue;
cf93c79d
IZ
666 s = olds + 1; /* here we pay the price for failure */
667 little = oldlittle;
668 if (s < bigend) /* fake up continue to outer loop */
669 goto top2;
670 goto check_end;
671 }
672 return (char *)s;
a687059c 673 }
378cc40b 674 }
cf93c79d
IZ
675 check_end:
676 if ( s == bigend && (table[-1] & FBMcf_TAIL)
12ae5dfc
JH
677 && memEQ((char *)(bigend - littlelen),
678 (char *)(oldlittle - littlelen), littlelen) )
cf93c79d
IZ
679 return (char*)bigend - littlelen;
680 return Nullch;
378cc40b 681 }
378cc40b
LW
682}
683
c277df42
IZ
684/* start_shift, end_shift are positive quantities which give offsets
685 of ends of some substring of bigstr.
a0288114 686 If "last" we want the last occurrence.
c277df42 687 old_posp is the way of communication between consequent calls if
a1d180c4 688 the next call needs to find the .
c277df42 689 The initial *old_posp should be -1.
cf93c79d
IZ
690
691 Note that we take into account SvTAIL, so one can get extra
692 optimizations if _ALL flag is set.
c277df42
IZ
693 */
694
cf93c79d 695/* If SvTAIL is actually due to \Z or \z, this gives false positives
26fa51c3 696 if PL_multiline. In fact if !PL_multiline the authoritative answer
cf93c79d
IZ
697 is not supported yet. */
698
378cc40b 699char *
864dbfa3 700Perl_screaminstr(pTHX_ SV *bigstr, SV *littlestr, I32 start_shift, I32 end_shift, I32 *old_posp, I32 last)
378cc40b 701{
0d46e09a 702 register const unsigned char *big;
79072805
LW
703 register I32 pos;
704 register I32 previous;
705 register I32 first;
0d46e09a 706 register const unsigned char *little;
c277df42 707 register I32 stop_pos;
0d46e09a 708 register const unsigned char *littleend;
c277df42 709 I32 found = 0;
378cc40b 710
c277df42 711 if (*old_posp == -1
3280af22 712 ? (pos = PL_screamfirst[BmRARE(littlestr)]) < 0
cf93c79d
IZ
713 : (((pos = *old_posp), pos += PL_screamnext[pos]) == 0)) {
714 cant_find:
a1d180c4 715 if ( BmRARE(littlestr) == '\n'
cf93c79d 716 && BmPREVIOUS(littlestr) == SvCUR(littlestr) - 1) {
cfd0369c 717 little = (const unsigned char *)(SvPVX_const(littlestr));
cf93c79d
IZ
718 littleend = little + SvCUR(littlestr);
719 first = *little++;
720 goto check_tail;
721 }
378cc40b 722 return Nullch;
cf93c79d
IZ
723 }
724
cfd0369c 725 little = (const unsigned char *)(SvPVX_const(littlestr));
79072805 726 littleend = little + SvCUR(littlestr);
378cc40b 727 first = *little++;
c277df42 728 /* The value of pos we can start at: */
79072805 729 previous = BmPREVIOUS(littlestr);
cfd0369c 730 big = (const unsigned char *)(SvPVX_const(bigstr));
c277df42
IZ
731 /* The value of pos we can stop at: */
732 stop_pos = SvCUR(bigstr) - end_shift - (SvCUR(littlestr) - 1 - previous);
cf93c79d 733 if (previous + start_shift > stop_pos) {
0fe87f7c
HS
734/*
735 stop_pos does not include SvTAIL in the count, so this check is incorrect
736 (I think) - see [ID 20010618.006] and t/op/study.t. HVDS 2001/06/19
737*/
738#if 0
cf93c79d
IZ
739 if (previous + start_shift == stop_pos + 1) /* A fake '\n'? */
740 goto check_tail;
0fe87f7c 741#endif
cf93c79d
IZ
742 return Nullch;
743 }
c277df42 744 while (pos < previous + start_shift) {
3280af22 745 if (!(pos += PL_screamnext[pos]))
cf93c79d 746 goto cant_find;
378cc40b 747 }
de3bb511 748 big -= previous;
bbce6d69 749 do {
0d46e09a 750 register const unsigned char *s, *x;
ef64f398 751 if (pos >= stop_pos) break;
bbce6d69
PP
752 if (big[pos] != first)
753 continue;
754 for (x=big+pos+1,s=little; s < littleend; /**/ ) {
bbce6d69
PP
755 if (*s++ != *x++) {
756 s--;
757 break;
378cc40b 758 }
bbce6d69 759 }
c277df42
IZ
760 if (s == littleend) {
761 *old_posp = pos;
762 if (!last) return (char *)(big+pos);
763 found = 1;
764 }
3280af22 765 } while ( pos += PL_screamnext[pos] );
a1d180c4 766 if (last && found)
cf93c79d 767 return (char *)(big+(*old_posp));
cf93c79d
IZ
768 check_tail:
769 if (!SvTAIL(littlestr) || (end_shift > 0))
770 return Nullch;
771 /* Ignore the trailing "\n". This code is not microoptimized */
cfd0369c 772 big = (const unsigned char *)(SvPVX_const(bigstr) + SvCUR(bigstr));
cf93c79d
IZ
773 stop_pos = littleend - little; /* Actual littlestr len */
774 if (stop_pos == 0)
775 return (char*)big;
776 big -= stop_pos;
777 if (*big == first
12ae5dfc
JH
778 && ((stop_pos == 1) ||
779 memEQ((char *)(big + 1), (char *)little, stop_pos - 1)))
cf93c79d
IZ
780 return (char*)big;
781 return Nullch;
8d063cd8
LW
782}
783
79072805 784I32
864dbfa3 785Perl_ibcmp(pTHX_ const char *s1, const char *s2, register I32 len)
79072805 786{
e1ec3a88
AL
787 register const U8 *a = (const U8 *)s1;
788 register const U8 *b = (const U8 *)s2;
79072805 789 while (len--) {
22c35a8c 790 if (*a != *b && *a != PL_fold[*b])
bbce6d69
PP
791 return 1;
792 a++,b++;
793 }
794 return 0;
795}
796
797I32
864dbfa3 798Perl_ibcmp_locale(pTHX_ const char *s1, const char *s2, register I32 len)
bbce6d69 799{
27da23d5 800 dVAR;
e1ec3a88
AL
801 register const U8 *a = (const U8 *)s1;
802 register const U8 *b = (const U8 *)s2;
bbce6d69 803 while (len--) {
22c35a8c 804 if (*a != *b && *a != PL_fold_locale[*b])
bbce6d69
PP
805 return 1;
806 a++,b++;
79072805
LW
807 }
808 return 0;
809}
810
8d063cd8
LW
811/* copy a string to a safe spot */
812
954c1994 813/*
ccfc67b7
JH
814=head1 Memory Management
815
954c1994
GS
816=for apidoc savepv
817
61a925ed
AMS
818Perl's version of C<strdup()>. Returns a pointer to a newly allocated
819string which is a duplicate of C<pv>. The size of the string is
820determined by C<strlen()>. The memory allocated for the new string can
821be freed with the C<Safefree()> function.
954c1994
GS
822
823=cut
824*/
825
8d063cd8 826char *
efdfce31 827Perl_savepv(pTHX_ const char *pv)
8d063cd8 828{
e90e2364
NC
829 if (!pv)
830 return Nullch;
66a1b24b
AL
831 else {
832 char *newaddr;
833 const STRLEN pvlen = strlen(pv)+1;
a02a5408 834 Newx(newaddr,pvlen,char);
490a0e98 835 return memcpy(newaddr,pv,pvlen);
66a1b24b 836 }
e90e2364 837
8d063cd8
LW
838}
839
a687059c
LW
840/* same thing but with a known length */
841
954c1994
GS
842/*
843=for apidoc savepvn
844
61a925ed
AMS
845Perl's version of what C<strndup()> would be if it existed. Returns a
846pointer to a newly allocated string which is a duplicate of the first
847C<len> bytes from C<pv>. The memory allocated for the new string can be
848freed with the C<Safefree()> function.
954c1994
GS
849
850=cut
851*/
852
a687059c 853char *
efdfce31 854Perl_savepvn(pTHX_ const char *pv, register I32 len)
a687059c
LW
855{
856 register char *newaddr;
857
a02a5408 858 Newx(newaddr,len+1,char);
92110913 859 /* Give a meaning to NULL pointer mainly for the use in sv_magic() */
efdfce31 860 if (pv) {
e90e2364
NC
861 /* might not be null terminated */
862 newaddr[len] = '\0';
07409e01 863 return (char *) CopyD(pv,newaddr,len,char);
92110913
NIS
864 }
865 else {
07409e01 866 return (char *) ZeroD(newaddr,len+1,char);
92110913 867 }
a687059c
LW
868}
869
05ec9bb3
NIS
870/*
871=for apidoc savesharedpv
872
61a925ed
AMS
873A version of C<savepv()> which allocates the duplicate string in memory
874which is shared between threads.
05ec9bb3
NIS
875
876=cut
877*/
878char *
efdfce31 879Perl_savesharedpv(pTHX_ const char *pv)
05ec9bb3 880{
e90e2364 881 register char *newaddr;
490a0e98 882 STRLEN pvlen;
e90e2364
NC
883 if (!pv)
884 return Nullch;
885
490a0e98
NC
886 pvlen = strlen(pv)+1;
887 newaddr = (char*)PerlMemShared_malloc(pvlen);
e90e2364 888 if (!newaddr) {
0bd48802 889 return write_no_mem();
05ec9bb3 890 }
490a0e98 891 return memcpy(newaddr,pv,pvlen);
05ec9bb3
NIS
892}
893
2e0de35c
NC
894/*
895=for apidoc savesvpv
896
6832267f 897A version of C<savepv()>/C<savepvn()> which gets the string to duplicate from
2e0de35c
NC
898the passed in SV using C<SvPV()>
899
900=cut
901*/
902
903char *
904Perl_savesvpv(pTHX_ SV *sv)
905{
906 STRLEN len;
7452cf6a 907 const char * const pv = SvPV_const(sv, len);
2e0de35c
NC
908 register char *newaddr;
909
26866f99 910 ++len;
a02a5408 911 Newx(newaddr,len,char);
07409e01 912 return (char *) CopyD(pv,newaddr,len,char);
2e0de35c 913}
05ec9bb3
NIS
914
915
cea2e8a9 916/* the SV for Perl_form() and mess() is not kept in an arena */
fc36a67e 917
76e3520e 918STATIC SV *
cea2e8a9 919S_mess_alloc(pTHX)
fc36a67e
PP
920{
921 SV *sv;
922 XPVMG *any;
923
e72dc28c
GS
924 if (!PL_dirty)
925 return sv_2mortal(newSVpvn("",0));
926
0372dbb6
GS
927 if (PL_mess_sv)
928 return PL_mess_sv;
929
fc36a67e 930 /* Create as PVMG now, to avoid any upgrading later */
a02a5408
JC
931 Newx(sv, 1, SV);
932 Newxz(any, 1, XPVMG);
fc36a67e
PP
933 SvFLAGS(sv) = SVt_PVMG;
934 SvANY(sv) = (void*)any;
cace1726 935 SvPV_set(sv, 0);
fc36a67e 936 SvREFCNT(sv) = 1 << 30; /* practically infinite */
e72dc28c 937 PL_mess_sv = sv;
fc36a67e
PP
938 return sv;
939}
940
c5be433b 941#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
cea2e8a9
GS
942char *
943Perl_form_nocontext(const char* pat, ...)
944{
945 dTHX;
c5be433b 946 char *retval;
cea2e8a9
GS
947 va_list args;
948 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 949 retval = vform(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9 950 va_end(args);
c5be433b 951 return retval;
cea2e8a9 952}
c5be433b 953#endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT */
cea2e8a9 954
7c9e965c 955/*
ccfc67b7 956=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
7c9e965c
JP
957=for apidoc form
958
959Takes a sprintf-style format pattern and conventional
960(non-SV) arguments and returns the formatted string.
961
962 (char *) Perl_form(pTHX_ const char* pat, ...)
963
964can be used any place a string (char *) is required:
965
966 char * s = Perl_form("%d.%d",major,minor);
967
968Uses a single private buffer so if you want to format several strings you
969must explicitly copy the earlier strings away (and free the copies when you
970are done).
971
972=cut
973*/
974
8990e307 975char *
864dbfa3 976Perl_form(pTHX_ const char* pat, ...)
8990e307 977{
c5be433b 978 char *retval;
46fc3d4c 979 va_list args;
46fc3d4c 980 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 981 retval = vform(pat, &args);
46fc3d4c 982 va_end(args);
c5be433b
GS
983 return retval;
984}
985
986char *
987Perl_vform(pTHX_ const char *pat, va_list *args)
988{
2d03de9c 989 SV * const sv = mess_alloc();
c5be433b 990 sv_vsetpvfn(sv, pat, strlen(pat), args, Null(SV**), 0, Null(bool*));
e72dc28c 991 return SvPVX(sv);
46fc3d4c 992}
a687059c 993
5a844595
GS
994#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
995SV *
996Perl_mess_nocontext(const char *pat, ...)
997{
998 dTHX;
999 SV *retval;
1000 va_list args;
1001 va_start(args, pat);
1002 retval = vmess(pat, &args);
1003 va_end(args);
1004 return retval;
1005}
1006#endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT */
1007
06bf62c7 1008SV *
5a844595
GS
1009Perl_mess(pTHX_ const char *pat, ...)
1010{
1011 SV *retval;
1012 va_list args;
1013 va_start(args, pat);
1014 retval = vmess(pat, &args);
1015 va_end(args);
1016 return retval;
1017}
1018
ae7d165c 1019STATIC COP*
8772537c 1020S_closest_cop(pTHX_ COP *cop, const OP *o)
ae7d165c
PJ
1021{
1022 /* Look for PL_op starting from o. cop is the last COP we've seen. */
1023
1024 if (!o || o == PL_op) return cop;
1025
1026 if (o->op_flags & OPf_KIDS) {
1027 OP *kid;
1028 for (kid = cUNOPo->op_first; kid; kid = kid->op_sibling)
1029 {
1030 COP *new_cop;
1031
1032 /* If the OP_NEXTSTATE has been optimised away we can still use it
1033 * the get the file and line number. */
1034
1035 if (kid->op_type == OP_NULL && kid->op_targ == OP_NEXTSTATE)
1036 cop = (COP *)kid;
1037
1038 /* Keep searching, and return when we've found something. */
1039
1040 new_cop = closest_cop(cop, kid);
1041 if (new_cop) return new_cop;
1042 }
1043 }
1044
1045 /* Nothing found. */
1046
8772537c 1047 return Null(COP *);
ae7d165c
PJ
1048}
1049
5a844595
GS
1050SV *
1051Perl_vmess(pTHX_ const char *pat, va_list *args)
46fc3d4c 1052{
c4420975 1053 SV * const sv = mess_alloc();
27da23d5 1054 static const char dgd[] = " during global destruction.\n";
46fc3d4c 1055
fc36a67e 1056 sv_vsetpvfn(sv, pat, strlen(pat), args, Null(SV**), 0, Null(bool*));
46fc3d4c 1057 if (!SvCUR(sv) || *(SvEND(sv) - 1) != '\n') {
ae7d165c
PJ
1058
1059 /*
1060 * Try and find the file and line for PL_op. This will usually be
1061 * PL_curcop, but it might be a cop that has been optimised away. We
1062 * can try to find such a cop by searching through the optree starting
1063 * from the sibling of PL_curcop.
1064 */
1065
e1ec3a88 1066 const COP *cop = closest_cop(PL_curcop, PL_curcop->op_sibling);
ae7d165c
PJ
1067 if (!cop) cop = PL_curcop;
1068
1069 if (CopLINE(cop))
ed094faf 1070 Perl_sv_catpvf(aTHX_ sv, " at %s line %"IVdf,
3aed30dc 1071 OutCopFILE(cop), (IV)CopLINE(cop));
2035c5e8 1072 if (GvIO(PL_last_in_gv) && IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv))) {
e1ec3a88 1073 const bool line_mode = (RsSIMPLE(PL_rs) &&
95a20fc0 1074 SvCUR(PL_rs) == 1 && *SvPVX_const(PL_rs) == '\n');
57def98f 1075 Perl_sv_catpvf(aTHX_ sv, ", <%s> %s %"IVdf,
edc2eac3
JH
1076 PL_last_in_gv == PL_argvgv ?
1077 "" : GvNAME(PL_last_in_gv),
1078 line_mode ? "line" : "chunk",
1079 (IV)IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)));
a687059c 1080 }
515f54a1 1081 sv_catpv(sv, PL_dirty ? dgd : ".\n");
a687059c 1082 }
06bf62c7 1083 return sv;
a687059c
LW
1084}
1085
7ff03255
SG
1086void
1087Perl_write_to_stderr(pTHX_ const char* message, int msglen)
1088{
27da23d5 1089 dVAR;
7ff03255
SG
1090 IO *io;
1091 MAGIC *mg;
1092
1093 if (PL_stderrgv && SvREFCNT(PL_stderrgv)
1094 && (io = GvIO(PL_stderrgv))
1095 && (mg = SvTIED_mg((SV*)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar)))
1096 {
1097 dSP;
1098 ENTER;
1099 SAVETMPS;
1100
1101 save_re_context();
1102 SAVESPTR(PL_stderrgv);
1103 PL_stderrgv = Nullgv;
1104
1105 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
1106
1107 PUSHMARK(SP);
1108 EXTEND(SP,2);
1109 PUSHs(SvTIED_obj((SV*)io, mg));
1110 PUSHs(sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(message, msglen)));
1111 PUTBACK;
1112 call_method("PRINT", G_SCALAR);
1113
1114 POPSTACK;
1115 FREETMPS;
1116 LEAVE;
1117 }
1118 else {
1119#ifdef USE_SFIO
1120 /* SFIO can really mess with your errno */
53c1dcc0 1121 const int e = errno;
7ff03255 1122#endif
53c1dcc0 1123 PerlIO * const serr = Perl_error_log;
7ff03255
SG
1124
1125 PERL_WRITE_MSG_TO_CONSOLE(serr, message, msglen);
1126 (void)PerlIO_flush(serr);
1127#ifdef USE_SFIO
1128 errno = e;
1129#endif
1130 }
1131}
1132
3ab1ac99
NC
1133/* Common code used by vcroak, vdie and vwarner */
1134
e07360fa 1135STATIC void
63315e18
NC
1136S_vdie_common(pTHX_ const char *message, STRLEN msglen, I32 utf8)
1137{
1138 HV *stash;
1139 GV *gv;
1140 CV *cv;
1141 /* sv_2cv might call Perl_croak() */
890ce7af 1142 SV * const olddiehook = PL_diehook;
63315e18
NC
1143
1144 assert(PL_diehook);
1145 ENTER;
1146 SAVESPTR(PL_diehook);
1147 PL_diehook = Nullsv;
1148 cv = sv_2cv(olddiehook, &stash, &gv, 0);
1149 LEAVE;
1150 if (cv && !CvDEPTH(cv) && (CvROOT(cv) || CvXSUB(cv))) {
1151 dSP;
1152 SV *msg;
1153
1154 ENTER;
1155 save_re_context();
1156 if (message) {
1157 msg = newSVpvn(message, msglen);
1158 SvFLAGS(msg) |= utf8;
1159 SvREADONLY_on(msg);
1160 SAVEFREESV(msg);
1161 }
1162 else {
1163 msg = ERRSV;
1164 }
1165
1166 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_DIEHOOK);
1167 PUSHMARK(SP);
1168 XPUSHs(msg);
1169 PUTBACK;
1170 call_sv((SV*)cv, G_DISCARD);
1171 POPSTACK;
1172 LEAVE;
1173 }
1174}
1175
cfd0369c 1176STATIC const char *
e07360fa
AT
1177S_vdie_croak_common(pTHX_ const char* pat, va_list* args, STRLEN* msglen,
1178 I32* utf8)
1179{
1180 dVAR;
cfd0369c 1181 const char *message;
e07360fa
AT
1182
1183 if (pat) {
890ce7af 1184 SV * const msv = vmess(pat, args);
e07360fa
AT
1185 if (PL_errors && SvCUR(PL_errors)) {
1186 sv_catsv(PL_errors, msv);
cfd0369c 1187 message = SvPV_const(PL_errors, *msglen);
e07360fa
AT
1188 SvCUR_set(PL_errors, 0);
1189 }
1190 else
cfd0369c 1191 message = SvPV_const(msv,*msglen);
e07360fa
AT
1192 *utf8 = SvUTF8(msv);
1193 }
1194 else {
1195 message = Nullch;
1196 }
1197
1198 DEBUG_S(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,
1199 "%p: die/croak: message = %s\ndiehook = %p\n",
1200 thr, message, PL_diehook));
1201 if (PL_diehook) {
1202 S_vdie_common(aTHX_ message, *msglen, *utf8);
1203 }
1204 return message;
1205}
1206
c5be433b
GS
1207OP *
1208Perl_vdie(pTHX_ const char* pat, va_list *args)
36477c24 1209{
73d840c0 1210 const char *message;
e1ec3a88 1211 const int was_in_eval = PL_in_eval;
06bf62c7 1212 STRLEN msglen;
ff882698 1213 I32 utf8 = 0;
36477c24 1214
bf49b057 1215 DEBUG_S(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,
199100c8 1216 "%p: die: curstack = %p, mainstack = %p\n",
533c011a 1217 thr, PL_curstack, PL_mainstack));
36477c24 1218
890ce7af 1219 message = vdie_croak_common(pat, args, &msglen, &utf8);
36477c24 1220
06bf62c7 1221 PL_restartop = die_where(message, msglen);
ff882698 1222 SvFLAGS(ERRSV) |= utf8;
bf49b057 1223 DEBUG_S(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,
7c06b590 1224 "%p: die: restartop = %p, was_in_eval = %d, top_env = %p\n",
533c011a 1225 thr, PL_restartop, was_in_eval, PL_top_env));
3280af22 1226 if ((!PL_restartop && was_in_eval) || PL_top_env->je_prev)
6224f72b 1227 JMPENV_JUMP(3);
3280af22 1228 return PL_restartop;
36477c24
PP
1229}
1230
c5be433b 1231#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
cea2e8a9
GS
1232OP *
1233Perl_die_nocontext(const char* pat, ...)
a687059c 1234{
cea2e8a9
GS
1235 dTHX;
1236 OP *o;
a687059c 1237 va_list args;
cea2e8a9 1238 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 1239 o = vdie(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9
GS
1240 va_end(args);
1241 return o;
1242}
c5be433b 1243#endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT */
cea2e8a9
GS
1244
1245OP *
1246Perl_die(pTHX_ const char* pat, ...)
1247{
1248 OP *o;
1249 va_list args;
1250 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 1251 o = vdie(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9
GS
1252 va_end(args);
1253 return o;
1254}
1255
c5be433b
GS
1256void
1257Perl_vcroak(pTHX_ const char* pat, va_list *args)
cea2e8a9 1258{
73d840c0 1259 const char *message;
06bf62c7 1260 STRLEN msglen;
ff882698 1261 I32 utf8 = 0;
a687059c 1262
3ab1ac99 1263 message = S_vdie_croak_common(aTHX_ pat, args, &msglen, &utf8);
5a844595 1264
3280af22 1265 if (PL_in_eval) {
06bf62c7 1266 PL_restartop = die_where(message, msglen);
ff882698 1267 SvFLAGS(ERRSV) |= utf8;
6224f72b 1268 JMPENV_JUMP(3);
a0d0e21e 1269 }
84414e3e 1270 else if (!message)
cfd0369c 1271 message = SvPVx_const(ERRSV, msglen);
84414e3e 1272
7ff03255 1273 write_to_stderr(message, msglen);
f86702cc 1274 my_failure_exit();
a687059c
LW
1275}
1276
c5be433b 1277#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
8990e307 1278void
cea2e8a9 1279Perl_croak_nocontext(const char *pat, ...)
a687059c 1280{
cea2e8a9 1281 dTHX;
a687059c 1282 va_list args;
cea2e8a9 1283 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 1284 vcroak(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9
GS
1285 /* NOTREACHED */
1286 va_end(args);
1287}
1288#endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT */
1289
954c1994 1290/*
ccfc67b7
JH
1291=head1 Warning and Dieing
1292
954c1994
GS
1293=for apidoc croak
1294
9983fa3c 1295This is the XSUB-writer's interface to Perl's C<die> function.
966353fd
MF
1296Normally call this function the same way you call the C C<printf>
1297function. Calling C<croak> returns control directly to Perl,
1298sidestepping the normal C order of execution. See C<warn>.
9983fa3c
GS
1299
1300If you want to throw an exception object, assign the object to
1301C<$@> and then pass C<Nullch> to croak():
1302
1303 errsv = get_sv("@", TRUE);
1304 sv_setsv(errsv, exception_object);
1305 croak(Nullch);
954c1994
GS
1306
1307=cut
1308*/
1309
cea2e8a9
GS
1310void
1311Perl_croak(pTHX_ const char *pat, ...)
1312{
1313 va_list args;
1314 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 1315 vcroak(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9
GS
1316 /* NOTREACHED */
1317 va_end(args);
1318}
1319
c5be433b
GS
1320void
1321Perl_vwarn(pTHX_ const char* pat, va_list *args)
cea2e8a9 1322{
27da23d5 1323 dVAR;
06bf62c7 1324 STRLEN msglen;
53c1dcc0
AL
1325 SV * const msv = vmess(pat, args);
1326 const I32 utf8 = SvUTF8(msv);
1327 const char * const message = SvPV_const(msv, msglen);
a687059c 1328
3280af22 1329 if (PL_warnhook) {
cea2e8a9 1330 /* sv_2cv might call Perl_warn() */
53c1dcc0
AL
1331 SV * const oldwarnhook = PL_warnhook;
1332 CV * cv;
1333 HV * stash;
1334 GV * gv;
1335
1738f5c4 1336 ENTER;
3280af22
NIS
1337 SAVESPTR(PL_warnhook);
1338 PL_warnhook = Nullsv;
20cec16a 1339 cv = sv_2cv(oldwarnhook, &stash, &gv, 0);
1738f5c4
CS
1340 LEAVE;
1341 if (cv && !CvDEPTH(cv) && (CvROOT(cv) || CvXSUB(cv))) {
20cec16a 1342 dSP;
774d564b
PP
1343 SV *msg;
1344
1345 ENTER;
c5be5b4d
DM
1346 SAVESPTR(PL_warnhook);
1347 PL_warnhook = Nullsv;
3a1f2dc9 1348 save_re_context();
06bf62c7 1349 msg = newSVpvn(message, msglen);
ff882698 1350 SvFLAGS(msg) |= utf8;
774d564b
PP
1351 SvREADONLY_on(msg);
1352 SAVEFREESV(msg);
1353
e788e7d3 1354 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_WARNHOOK);
924508f0 1355 PUSHMARK(SP);
774d564b 1356 XPUSHs(msg);
20cec16a 1357 PUTBACK;
864dbfa3 1358 call_sv((SV*)cv, G_DISCARD);
d3acc0f7 1359 POPSTACK;
774d564b 1360 LEAVE;
20cec16a
PP
1361 return;
1362 }
748a9306 1363 }
87582a92 1364
7ff03255 1365 write_to_stderr(message, msglen);
a687059c 1366}
8d063cd8 1367
c5be433b 1368#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
cea2e8a9
GS
1369void
1370Perl_warn_nocontext(const char *pat, ...)
1371{
1372 dTHX;
1373 va_list args;
1374 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 1375 vwarn(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9
GS
1376 va_end(args);
1377}
1378#endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT */
1379
954c1994
GS
1380/*
1381=for apidoc warn
1382
966353fd
MF
1383This is the XSUB-writer's interface to Perl's C<warn> function. Call this
1384function the same way you call the C C<printf> function. See C<croak>.
954c1994
GS
1385
1386=cut
1387*/
1388
cea2e8a9
GS
1389void
1390Perl_warn(pTHX_ const char *pat, ...)
1391{
1392 va_list args;
1393 va_start(args, pat);
c5be433b 1394 vwarn(pat, &args);
cea2e8a9
GS
1395 va_end(args);
1396}
1397
c5be433b
GS
1398#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
1399void
1400Perl_warner_nocontext(U32 err, const char *pat, ...)
1401{
27da23d5 1402 dTHX;
c5be433b
GS
1403 va_list args;
1404 va_start(args, pat);
1405 vwarner(err, pat, &args);
1406 va_end(args);
1407}
1408#endif /* PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT */
1409
599cee73 1410void
864dbfa3 1411Perl_warner(pTHX_ U32 err, const char* pat,...)
599cee73
PM
1412{
1413 va_list args;
c5be433b
GS
1414 va_start(args, pat);
1415 vwarner(err, pat, &args);
1416 va_end(args);
1417}
1418
1419void
1420Perl_vwarner(pTHX_ U32 err, const char* pat, va_list* args)
1421{
27da23d5 1422 dVAR;
d13b0d77 1423 if (ckDEAD(err)) {
a3b680e6 1424 SV * const msv = vmess(pat, args);
d13b0d77 1425 STRLEN msglen;
7452cf6a 1426 const char * const message = SvPV_const(msv, msglen);
a3b680e6 1427 const I32 utf8 = SvUTF8(msv);
599cee73 1428
3aed30dc 1429 if (PL_diehook) {
63315e18
NC
1430 assert(message);
1431 S_vdie_common(aTHX_ message, msglen, utf8);
3aed30dc
HS
1432 }
1433 if (PL_in_eval) {
1434 PL_restartop = die_where(message, msglen);
ff882698 1435 SvFLAGS(ERRSV) |= utf8;
3aed30dc
HS
1436 JMPENV_JUMP(3);
1437 }
7ff03255 1438 write_to_stderr(message, msglen);
3aed30dc 1439 my_failure_exit();
599cee73
PM
1440 }
1441 else {
d13b0d77 1442 Perl_vwarn(aTHX_ pat, args);
599cee73
PM
1443 }
1444}
1445
f54ba1c2
DM
1446/* implements the ckWARN? macros */
1447
1448bool
1449Perl_ckwarn(pTHX_ U32 w)
1450{
1451 return
1452 (
1453 isLEXWARN_on
1454 && PL_curcop->cop_warnings != pWARN_NONE
1455 && (
1456 PL_curcop->cop_warnings == pWARN_ALL
1457 || isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN1(w))
1458 || (unpackWARN2(w) &&
1459 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN2(w)))
1460 || (unpackWARN3(w) &&
1461 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN3(w)))
1462 || (unpackWARN4(w) &&
1463 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN4(w)))
1464 )
1465 )
1466 ||
1467 (
1468 isLEXWARN_off && PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ON
1469 )
1470 ;
1471}
1472
1473/* implements the ckWARN?_d macro */
1474
1475bool
1476Perl_ckwarn_d(pTHX_ U32 w)
1477{
1478 return
1479 isLEXWARN_off
1480 || PL_curcop->cop_warnings == pWARN_ALL
1481 || (
1482 PL_curcop->cop_warnings != pWARN_NONE
1483 && (
1484 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN1(w))
1485 || (unpackWARN2(w) &&
1486 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN2(w)))
1487 || (unpackWARN3(w) &&
1488 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN3(w)))
1489 || (unpackWARN4(w) &&
1490 isWARN_on(PL_curcop->cop_warnings, unpackWARN4(w)))
1491 )
1492 )
1493 ;
1494}
1495
1496
1497
e6587932
DM
1498/* since we've already done strlen() for both nam and val
1499 * we can use that info to make things faster than
1500 * sprintf(s, "%s=%s", nam, val)
1501 */
1502#define my_setenv_format(s, nam, nlen, val, vlen) \
1503 Copy(nam, s, nlen, char); \
1504 *(s+nlen) = '='; \
1505 Copy(val, s+(nlen+1), vlen, char); \
1506 *(s+(nlen+1+vlen)) = '\0'
1507
13b6e58c 1508#ifdef USE_ENVIRON_ARRAY
eccd403f 1509 /* VMS' my_setenv() is in vms.c */
2986a63f 1510#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(NETWARE)
8d063cd8 1511void
e1ec3a88 1512Perl_my_setenv(pTHX_ const char *nam, const char *val)
8d063cd8 1513{
27da23d5 1514 dVAR;
4efc5df6
GS
1515#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
1516 /* only parent thread can modify process environment */
1517 if (PL_curinterp == aTHX)
1518#endif
1519 {
f2517201 1520#ifndef PERL_USE_SAFE_PUTENV
50acdf95 1521 if (!PL_use_safe_putenv) {
f2517201 1522 /* most putenv()s leak, so we manipulate environ directly */
79072805 1523 register I32 i=setenv_getix(nam); /* where does it go? */
e6587932 1524 int nlen, vlen;
8d063cd8 1525
3280af22 1526 if (environ == PL_origenviron) { /* need we copy environment? */
79072805
LW
1527 I32 j;
1528 I32 max;
fe14fcc3
LW
1529 char **tmpenv;
1530
1531 for (max = i; environ[max]; max++) ;
f2517201
GS
1532 tmpenv = (char**)safesysmalloc((max+2) * sizeof(char*));
1533 for (j=0; j<max; j++) { /* copy environment */
e1ec3a88 1534 const int len = strlen(environ[j]);
3aed30dc
HS
1535 tmpenv[j] = (char*)safesysmalloc((len+1)*sizeof(char));
1536 Copy(environ[j], tmpenv[j], len+1, char);
f2517201 1537 }
fe14fcc3
LW
1538 tmpenv[max] = Nullch;
1539 environ = tmpenv; /* tell exec where it is now */
1540 }
a687059c 1541 if (!val) {
f2517201 1542 safesysfree(environ[i]);
a687059c
LW
1543 while (environ[i]) {
1544 environ[i] = environ[i+1];
1545 i++;
1546 }
1547 return;
1548 }
8d063cd8 1549 if (!environ[i]) { /* does not exist yet */
f2517201 1550 environ = (char**)safesysrealloc(environ, (i+2) * sizeof(char*));
8d063cd8
LW
1551 environ[i+1] = Nullch; /* make sure it's null terminated */
1552 }
fe14fcc3 1553 else
f2517201 1554 safesysfree(environ[i]);
e6587932
DM
1555 nlen = strlen(nam);
1556 vlen = strlen(val);
f2517201 1557
e6587932
DM
1558 environ[i] = (char*)safesysmalloc((nlen+vlen+2) * sizeof(char));
1559 /* all that work just for this */
1560 my_setenv_format(environ[i], nam, nlen, val, vlen);
50acdf95
MS
1561 } else {
1562# endif
a0fd4948 1563# if defined(__CYGWIN__) || defined(EPOC) || defined(__SYMBIAN32__)
88f5bc07
AB
1564# if defined(HAS_UNSETENV)
1565 if (val == NULL) {
1566 (void)unsetenv(nam);
1567 } else {
1568 (void)setenv(nam, val, 1);
1569 }
1570# else /* ! HAS_UNSETENV */
1571 (void)setenv(nam, val, 1);
1572# endif /* HAS_UNSETENV */
47dafe4d 1573# else
88f5bc07
AB
1574# if defined(HAS_UNSETENV)
1575 if (val == NULL) {
1576 (void)unsetenv(nam);
1577 } else {
c4420975
AL
1578 const int nlen = strlen(nam);
1579 const int vlen = strlen(val);
1580 char * const new_env =
88f5bc07
AB
1581 (char*)safesysmalloc((nlen + vlen + 2) * sizeof(char));
1582 my_setenv_format(new_env, nam, nlen, val, vlen);
1583 (void)putenv(new_env);
1584 }
1585# else /* ! HAS_UNSETENV */
1586 char *new_env;
c4420975
AL
1587 const int nlen = strlen(nam);
1588 int vlen;
88f5bc07
AB
1589 if (!val) {
1590 val = "";
1591 }
1592 vlen = strlen(val);
1593 new_env = (char*)safesysmalloc((nlen + vlen + 2) * sizeof(char));
1594 /* all that work just for this */
1595 my_setenv_format(new_env, nam, nlen, val, vlen);
1596 (void)putenv(new_env);
1597# endif /* HAS_UNSETENV */
47dafe4d 1598# endif /* __CYGWIN__ */
50acdf95
MS
1599#ifndef PERL_USE_SAFE_PUTENV
1600 }
1601#endif
4efc5df6 1602 }
8d063cd8
LW
1603}
1604
2986a63f 1605#else /* WIN32 || NETWARE */
68dc0745
PP
1606
1607void
72229eff 1608Perl_my_setenv(pTHX_ const char *nam, const char *val)
68dc0745 1609{
27da23d5 1610 dVAR;
ac5c734f 1611 register char *envstr;
e1ec3a88
AL
1612 const int nlen = strlen(nam);
1613 int vlen;
e6587932 1614
ac5c734f
GS
1615 if (!val) {
1616 val = "";
1617 }
e6587932 1618 vlen = strlen(val);
a02a5408 1619 Newx(envstr, nlen+vlen+2, char);
e6587932 1620 my_setenv_format(envstr, nam, nlen, val, vlen);
ac5c734f
GS
1621 (void)PerlEnv_putenv(envstr);
1622 Safefree(envstr);
3e3baf6d
TB
1623}
1624
2986a63f 1625#endif /* WIN32 || NETWARE */
3e3baf6d 1626
2f42fcb0 1627#ifndef PERL_MICRO
3e3baf6d 1628I32
e1ec3a88 1629Perl_setenv_getix(pTHX_ const char *nam)
3e3baf6d 1630{
53c1dcc0 1631 register I32 i;
0d46e09a 1632 register const I32 len = strlen(nam);
3e3baf6d
TB
1633
1634 for (i = 0; environ[i]; i++) {
1635 if (
1636#ifdef WIN32
1637 strnicmp(environ[i],nam,len) == 0
1638#else
1639 strnEQ(environ[i],nam,len)
1640#endif
1641 && environ[i][len] == '=')
1642 break; /* strnEQ must come first to avoid */
1643 } /* potential SEGV's */
1644 return i;
68dc0745 1645}
2f42fcb0 1646#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
68dc0745 1647
ed79a026 1648#endif /* !VMS && !EPOC*/
378cc40b 1649
16d20bd9 1650#ifdef UNLINK_ALL_VERSIONS
79072805 1651I32
6e732051 1652Perl_unlnk(pTHX_ const char *f) /* unlink all versions of a file */
378cc40b 1653{
79072805 1654 I32 i;
378cc40b 1655
6ad3d225 1656 for (i = 0; PerlLIO_unlink(f) >= 0; i++) ;
378cc40b
LW
1657 return i ? 0 : -1;
1658}
1659#endif
1660
7a3f2258 1661/* this is a drop-in replacement for bcopy() */
2253333f 1662#if (!defined(HAS_MEMCPY) && !defined(HAS_BCOPY)) || (!defined(HAS_MEMMOVE) && !defined(HAS_SAFE_MEMCPY) && !defined(HAS_SAFE_BCOPY))
378cc40b 1663char *
7a3f2258 1664Perl_my_bcopy(register const char *from,register char *to,register I32 len)
378cc40b 1665{
2d03de9c 1666 char * const retval = to;
378cc40b 1667
7c0587c8
LW
1668 if (from - to >= 0) {
1669 while (len--)
1670 *to++ = *from++;
1671 }
1672 else {
1673 to += len;
1674 from += len;
1675 while (len--)
faf8582f 1676 *(--to) = *(--from);
7c0587c8 1677 }
378cc40b
LW
1678 return retval;
1679}
ffed7fef 1680#endif
378cc40b 1681
7a3f2258 1682/* this is a drop-in replacement for memset() */
fc36a67e
PP
1683#ifndef HAS_MEMSET
1684void *
7a3f2258 1685Perl_my_memset(register char *loc, register I32 ch, register I32 len)
fc36a67e 1686{
2d03de9c 1687 char * const retval = loc;
fc36a67e
PP
1688
1689 while (len--)
1690 *loc++ = ch;
1691 return retval;
1692}
1693#endif
1694
7a3f2258 1695/* this is a drop-in replacement for bzero() */
7c0587c8 1696#if !defined(HAS_BZERO) && !defined(HAS_MEMSET)
378cc40b 1697char *
7a3f2258 1698Perl_my_bzero(register char *loc, register I32 len)
378cc40b 1699{
2d03de9c 1700 char * const retval = loc;
378cc40b
LW
1701
1702 while (len--)
1703 *loc++ = 0;
1704 return retval;
1705}
1706#endif
7c0587c8 1707
7a3f2258 1708/* this is a drop-in replacement for memcmp() */
36477c24 1709#if !defined(HAS_MEMCMP) || !defined(HAS_SANE_MEMCMP)
79072805 1710I32
7a3f2258 1711Perl_my_memcmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, register I32 len)
7c0587c8 1712{
e1ec3a88
AL
1713 register const U8 *a = (const U8 *)s1;
1714 register const U8 *b = (const U8 *)s2;
79072805 1715 register I32 tmp;
7c0587c8
LW
1716
1717 while (len--) {
27da23d5 1718 if ((tmp = *a++ - *b++))
7c0587c8
LW
1719 return tmp;
1720 }
1721 return 0;
1722}
36477c24 1723#endif /* !HAS_MEMCMP || !HAS_SANE_MEMCMP */
a687059c 1724
fe14fcc3 1725#ifndef HAS_VPRINTF
a687059c 1726
85e6fe83 1727#ifdef USE_CHAR_VSPRINTF
a687059c
LW
1728char *
1729#else
1730int
1731#endif
08105a92 1732vsprintf(char *dest, const char *pat, char *args)
a687059c
LW
1733{
1734 FILE fakebuf;
1735
1736 fakebuf._ptr = dest;
1737 fakebuf._cnt = 32767;
35c8bce7
LW
1738#ifndef _IOSTRG
1739#define _IOSTRG 0
1740#endif
a687059c
LW
1741 fakebuf._flag = _IOWRT|_IOSTRG;
1742 _doprnt(pat, args, &fakebuf); /* what a kludge */
1743 (void)putc('\0', &fakebuf);
85e6fe83 1744#ifdef USE_CHAR_VSPRINTF
a687059c
LW
1745 return(dest);
1746#else
1747 return 0; /* perl doesn't use return value */
1748#endif
1749}
1750
fe14fcc3 1751#endif /* HAS_VPRINTF */
a687059c
LW
1752
1753#ifdef MYSWAP
ffed7fef 1754#if BYTEORDER != 0x4321
a687059c 1755short
864dbfa3 1756Perl_my_swap(pTHX_ short s)
a687059c
LW
1757{
1758#if (BYTEORDER & 1) == 0
1759 short result;
1760
1761 result = ((s & 255) << 8) + ((s >> 8) & 255);
1762 return result;
1763#else
1764 return s;
1765#endif
1766}
1767
1768long
864dbfa3 1769Perl_my_htonl(pTHX_ long l)
a687059c
LW
1770{
1771 union {
1772 long result;
ffed7fef 1773 char c[sizeof(long)];
a687059c
LW
1774 } u;
1775
ffed7fef 1776#if BYTEORDER == 0x1234
a687059c
LW
1777 u.c[0] = (l >> 24) & 255;
1778 u.c[1] = (l >> 16) & 255;
1779 u.c[2] = (l >> 8) & 255;
1780 u.c[3] = l & 255;
1781 return u.result;
1782#else
ffed7fef 1783#if ((BYTEORDER - 0x1111) & 0x444) || !(BYTEORDER & 0xf)
cea2e8a9 1784 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Unknown BYTEORDER\n");
a687059c 1785#else
79072805
LW
1786 register I32 o;
1787 register I32 s;
a687059c 1788
ffed7fef
LW
1789 for (o = BYTEORDER - 0x1111, s = 0; s < (sizeof(long)*8); o >>= 4, s += 8) {
1790 u.c[o & 0xf] = (l >> s) & 255;
a687059c
LW
1791 }
1792 return u.result;
1793#endif
1794#endif
1795}
1796
1797long
864dbfa3 1798Perl_my_ntohl(pTHX_ long l)
a687059c
LW
1799{
1800 union {
1801 long l;
ffed7fef 1802 char c[sizeof(long)];
a687059c
LW
1803 } u;
1804
ffed7fef 1805#if BYTEORDER == 0x1234
a687059c
LW
1806 u.c[0] = (l >> 24) & 255;
1807 u.c[1] = (l >> 16) & 255;
1808 u.c[2] = (l >> 8) & 255;
1809 u.c[3] = l & 255;
1810 return u.l;
1811#else
ffed7fef 1812#if ((BYTEORDER - 0x1111) & 0x444) || !(BYTEORDER & 0xf)
cea2e8a9 1813 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Unknown BYTEORDER\n");
a687059c 1814#else
79072805
LW
1815 register I32 o;
1816 register I32 s;
a687059c
LW
1817
1818 u.l = l;
1819 l = 0;
ffed7fef
LW
1820 for (o = BYTEORDER - 0x1111, s = 0; s < (sizeof(long)*8); o >>= 4, s += 8) {
1821 l |= (u.c[o & 0xf] & 255) << s;
a687059c
LW
1822 }
1823 return l;
1824#endif
1825#endif
1826}
1827
ffed7fef 1828#endif /* BYTEORDER != 0x4321 */
988174c1
LW
1829#endif /* MYSWAP */
1830
1831/*
1832 * Little-endian byte order functions - 'v' for 'VAX', or 'reVerse'.
1833 * If these functions are defined,
1834 * the BYTEORDER is neither 0x1234 nor 0x4321.
1835 * However, this is not assumed.
1836 * -DWS
1837 */
1838
1109a392 1839#define HTOLE(name,type) \
988174c1 1840 type \
ba106d47 1841 name (register type n) \
988174c1
LW
1842 { \
1843 union { \
1844 type value; \
1845 char c[sizeof(type)]; \
1846 } u; \
79072805 1847 register I32 i; \
1109a392
MHM
1848 register I32 s = 0; \
1849 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(u.c); i++, s += 8) { \
988174c1
LW
1850 u.c[i] = (n >> s) & 0xFF; \
1851 } \
1852 return u.value; \
1853 }
1854
1109a392 1855#define LETOH(name,type) \
988174c1 1856 type \
ba106d47 1857 name (register type n) \
988174c1
LW
1858 { \
1859 union { \
1860 type value; \
1861 char c[sizeof(type)]; \
1862 } u; \
79072805 1863 register I32 i; \
1109a392 1864 register I32 s = 0; \
988174c1
LW
1865 u.value = n; \
1866 n = 0; \
1109a392
MHM
1867 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(u.c); i++, s += 8) { \
1868 n |= ((type)(u.c[i] & 0xFF)) << s; \
988174c1
LW
1869 } \
1870 return n; \
1871 }
1872
1109a392
MHM
1873/*
1874 * Big-endian byte order functions.
1875 */
1876
1877#define HTOBE(name,type) \
1878 type \
1879 name (register type n) \
1880 { \
1881 union { \
1882 type value; \
1883 char c[sizeof(type)]; \
1884 } u; \
1885 register I32 i; \
1886 register I32 s = 8*(sizeof(u.c)-1); \
1887 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(u.c); i++, s -= 8) { \
1888 u.c[i] = (n >> s) & 0xFF; \
1889 } \
1890 return u.value; \
1891 }
1892
1893#define BETOH(name,type) \
1894 type \
1895 name (register type n) \
1896 { \
1897 union { \
1898 type value; \
1899 char c[sizeof(type)]; \
1900 } u; \
1901 register I32 i; \
1902 register I32 s = 8*(sizeof(u.c)-1); \
1903 u.value = n; \
1904 n = 0; \
1905 for (i = 0; i < sizeof(u.c); i++, s -= 8) { \
1906 n |= ((type)(u.c[i] & 0xFF)) << s; \
1907 } \
1908 return n; \
1909 }
1910
1911/*
1912 * If we just can't do it...
1913 */
1914
1915#define NOT_AVAIL(name,type) \
1916 type \
1917 name (register type n) \
1918 { \
1919 Perl_croak_nocontext(#name "() not available"); \
1920 return n; /* not reached */ \
1921 }
1922
1923
988174c1 1924#if defined(HAS_HTOVS) && !defined(htovs)
1109a392 1925HTOLE(htovs,short)
988174c1
LW
1926#endif
1927#if defined(HAS_HTOVL) && !defined(htovl)
1109a392 1928HTOLE(htovl,long)
988174c1
LW
1929#endif
1930#if defined(HAS_VTOHS) && !defined(vtohs)
1109a392 1931LETOH(vtohs,short)
988174c1
LW
1932#endif
1933#if defined(HAS_VTOHL) && !defined(vtohl)
1109a392
MHM
1934LETOH(vtohl,long)
1935#endif
1936
1937#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOLE16
1938# if U16SIZE == 2
1939HTOLE(Perl_my_htole16,U16)
1940# else
1941NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_htole16,U16)
1942# endif
1943#endif
1944#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_LETOH16
1945# if U16SIZE == 2
1946LETOH(Perl_my_letoh16,U16)
1947# else
1948NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_letoh16,U16)
1949# endif
1950#endif
1951#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOBE16
1952# if U16SIZE == 2
1953HTOBE(Perl_my_htobe16,U16)
1954# else
1955NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_htobe16,U16)
1956# endif
1957#endif
1958#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_BETOH16
1959# if U16SIZE == 2
1960BETOH(Perl_my_betoh16,U16)
1961# else
1962NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_betoh16,U16)
1963# endif
1964#endif
1965
1966#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOLE32
1967# if U32SIZE == 4
1968HTOLE(Perl_my_htole32,U32)
1969# else
1970NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_htole32,U32)
1971# endif
1972#endif
1973#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_LETOH32
1974# if U32SIZE == 4
1975LETOH(Perl_my_letoh32,U32)
1976# else
1977NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_letoh32,U32)
1978# endif
1979#endif
1980#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOBE32
1981# if U32SIZE == 4
1982HTOBE(Perl_my_htobe32,U32)
1983# else
1984NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_htobe32,U32)
1985# endif
1986#endif
1987#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_BETOH32
1988# if U32SIZE == 4
1989BETOH(Perl_my_betoh32,U32)
1990# else
1991NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_betoh32,U32)
1992# endif
1993#endif
1994
1995#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOLE64
1996# if U64SIZE == 8
1997HTOLE(Perl_my_htole64,U64)
1998# else
1999NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_htole64,U64)
2000# endif
2001#endif
2002#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_LETOH64
2003# if U64SIZE == 8
2004LETOH(Perl_my_letoh64,U64)
2005# else
2006NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_letoh64,U64)
2007# endif
2008#endif
2009#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOBE64
2010# if U64SIZE == 8
2011HTOBE(Perl_my_htobe64,U64)
2012# else
2013NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_htobe64,U64)
2014# endif
2015#endif
2016#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_BETOH64
2017# if U64SIZE == 8
2018BETOH(Perl_my_betoh64,U64)
2019# else
2020NOT_AVAIL(Perl_my_betoh64,U64)
2021# endif
988174c1 2022#endif
a687059c 2023
1109a392
MHM
2024#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOLES
2025HTOLE(Perl_my_htoles,short)
2026#endif
2027#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_LETOHS
2028LETOH(Perl_my_letohs,short)
2029#endif
2030#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOBES
2031HTOBE(Perl_my_htobes,short)
2032#endif
2033#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_BETOHS
2034BETOH(Perl_my_betohs,short)
2035#endif
2036
2037#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOLEI
2038HTOLE(Perl_my_htolei,int)
2039#endif
2040#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_LETOHI
2041LETOH(Perl_my_letohi,int)
2042#endif
2043#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOBEI
2044HTOBE(Perl_my_htobei,int)
2045#endif
2046#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_BETOHI
2047BETOH(Perl_my_betohi,int)
2048#endif
2049
2050#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOLEL
2051HTOLE(Perl_my_htolel,long)
2052#endif
2053#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_LETOHL
2054LETOH(Perl_my_letohl,long)
2055#endif
2056#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_HTOBEL
2057HTOBE(Perl_my_htobel,long)
2058#endif
2059#ifdef PERL_NEED_MY_BETOHL
2060BETOH(Perl_my_betohl,long)
2061#endif
2062
2063void
2064Perl_my_swabn(void *ptr, int n)
2065{
2066 register char *s = (char *)ptr;
2067 register char *e = s + (n-1);
2068 register char tc;
2069
2070 for (n /= 2; n > 0; s++, e--, n--) {
2071 tc = *s;
2072 *s = *e;
2073 *e = tc;
2074 }
2075}
2076
4a7d1889
NIS
2077PerlIO *
2078Perl_my_popen_list(pTHX_ char *mode, int n, SV **args)
2079{
2986a63f 2080#if (!defined(DOSISH) || defined(HAS_FORK) || defined(AMIGAOS)) && !defined(OS2) && !defined(VMS) && !defined(__OPEN_VM) && !defined(EPOC) && !defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL) && !defined(NETWARE)
1f852d0d
NIS
2081 int p[2];
2082 register I32 This, that;
2083 register Pid_t pid;
2084 SV *sv;
2085 I32 did_pipes = 0;
2086 int pp[2];
2087
2088 PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD;
2089 This = (*mode == 'w');
2090 that = !This;
2091 if (PL_tainting) {
2092 taint_env();
2093 taint_proper("Insecure %s%s", "EXEC");
2094 }
2095 if (PerlProc_pipe(p) < 0)
2096 return Nullfp;
2097 /* Try for another pipe pair for error return */
2098 if (PerlProc_pipe(pp) >= 0)
2099 did_pipes = 1;
52e18b1f 2100 while ((pid = PerlProc_fork()) < 0) {
1f852d0d
NIS
2101 if (errno != EAGAIN) {
2102 PerlLIO_close(p[This]);
4e6dfe71 2103 PerlLIO_close(p[that]);
1f852d0d
NIS
2104 if (did_pipes) {
2105 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2106 PerlLIO_close(pp[1]);
2107 }
2108 return Nullfp;
2109 }
2110 sleep(5);
2111 }
2112 if (pid == 0) {
2113 /* Child */
1f852d0d
NIS
2114#undef THIS
2115#undef THAT
2116#define THIS that
2117#define THAT This
1f852d0d
NIS
2118 /* Close parent's end of error status pipe (if any) */
2119 if (did_pipes) {
2120 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2121#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD)
2122 /* Close error pipe automatically if exec works */
2123 fcntl(pp[1], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC);
2124#endif
2125 }
2126 /* Now dup our end of _the_ pipe to right position */
2127 if (p[THIS] != (*mode == 'r')) {
2128 PerlLIO_dup2(p[THIS], *mode == 'r');
2129 PerlLIO_close(p[THIS]);
4e6dfe71
GS
2130 if (p[THAT] != (*mode == 'r')) /* if dup2() didn't close it */
2131 PerlLIO_close(p[THAT]); /* close parent's end of _the_ pipe */
1f852d0d 2132 }
4e6dfe71
GS
2133 else
2134 PerlLIO_close(p[THAT]); /* close parent's end of _the_ pipe */
1f852d0d
NIS
2135#if !defined(HAS_FCNTL) || !defined(F_SETFD)
2136 /* No automatic close - do it by hand */
b7953727
JH
2137# ifndef NOFILE
2138# define NOFILE 20
2139# endif
a080fe3d
NIS
2140 {
2141 int fd;
2142
2143 for (fd = PL_maxsysfd + 1; fd < NOFILE; fd++) {
3aed30dc 2144 if (fd != pp[1])
a080fe3d
NIS
2145 PerlLIO_close(fd);
2146 }
1f852d0d
NIS
2147 }
2148#endif
2149 do_aexec5(Nullsv, args-1, args-1+n, pp[1], did_pipes);
2150 PerlProc__exit(1);
2151#undef THIS
2152#undef THAT
2153 }
2154 /* Parent */
52e18b1f 2155 do_execfree(); /* free any memory malloced by child on fork */
1f852d0d
NIS
2156 if (did_pipes)
2157 PerlLIO_close(pp[1]);
2158 /* Keep the lower of the two fd numbers */
2159 if (p[that] < p[This]) {
2160 PerlLIO_dup2(p[This], p[that]);
2161 PerlLIO_close(p[This]);
2162 p[This] = p[that];
2163 }
4e6dfe71
GS
2164 else
2165 PerlLIO_close(p[that]); /* close child's end of pipe */
2166
1f852d0d
NIS
2167 LOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
2168 sv = *av_fetch(PL_fdpid,p[This],TRUE);
2169 UNLOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
862a34c6 2170 SvUPGRADE(sv,SVt_IV);
45977657 2171 SvIV_set(sv, pid);
1f852d0d
NIS
2172 PL_forkprocess = pid;
2173 /* If we managed to get status pipe check for exec fail */
2174 if (did_pipes && pid > 0) {
2175 int errkid;
2176 int n = 0, n1;
2177
2178 while (n < sizeof(int)) {
2179 n1 = PerlLIO_read(pp[0],
2180 (void*)(((char*)&errkid)+n),
2181 (sizeof(int)) - n);
2182 if (n1 <= 0)
2183 break;
2184 n += n1;
2185 }
2186 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2187 did_pipes = 0;
2188 if (n) { /* Error */
2189 int pid2, status;
8c51524e 2190 PerlLIO_close(p[This]);
1f852d0d
NIS
2191 if (n != sizeof(int))
2192 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: kid popen errno read");
2193 do {
2194 pid2 = wait4pid(pid, &status, 0);
2195 } while (pid2 == -1 && errno == EINTR);
2196 errno = errkid; /* Propagate errno from kid */
2197 return Nullfp;
2198 }
2199 }
2200 if (did_pipes)
2201 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2202 return PerlIO_fdopen(p[This], mode);
2203#else
4a7d1889
NIS
2204 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "List form of piped open not implemented");
2205 return (PerlIO *) NULL;
1f852d0d 2206#endif
4a7d1889
NIS
2207}
2208
5f05dabc 2209 /* VMS' my_popen() is in VMS.c, same with OS/2. */
cd39f2b6 2210#if (!defined(DOSISH) || defined(HAS_FORK) || defined(AMIGAOS)) && !defined(VMS) && !defined(__OPEN_VM) && !defined(EPOC) && !defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL)
760ac839 2211PerlIO *
3dd43144 2212Perl_my_popen(pTHX_ const char *cmd, const char *mode)
a687059c
LW
2213{
2214 int p[2];
8ac85365 2215 register I32 This, that;
d8a83dd3 2216 register Pid_t pid;
79072805 2217 SV *sv;
bfce84ec 2218 const I32 doexec = !(*cmd == '-' && cmd[1] == '\0');
e446cec8
IZ
2219 I32 did_pipes = 0;
2220 int pp[2];
a687059c 2221
45bc9206 2222 PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD;
ddcf38b7
IZ
2223#ifdef OS2
2224 if (doexec) {
23da6c43 2225 return my_syspopen(aTHX_ cmd,mode);
ddcf38b7 2226 }
a1d180c4 2227#endif
8ac85365
NIS
2228 This = (*mode == 'w');
2229 that = !This;
3280af22 2230 if (doexec && PL_tainting) {
bbce6d69
PP
2231 taint_env();
2232 taint_proper("Insecure %s%s", "EXEC");
d48672a2 2233 }
c2267164
IZ
2234 if (PerlProc_pipe(p) < 0)
2235 return Nullfp;
e446cec8
IZ
2236 if (doexec && PerlProc_pipe(pp) >= 0)
2237 did_pipes = 1;
52e18b1f 2238 while ((pid = PerlProc_fork()) < 0) {
a687059c 2239 if (errno != EAGAIN) {
6ad3d225 2240 PerlLIO_close(p[This]);
b5ac89c3 2241 PerlLIO_close(p[that]);
e446cec8
IZ
2242 if (did_pipes) {
2243 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2244 PerlLIO_close(pp[1]);
2245 }
a687059c 2246 if (!doexec)
cea2e8a9 2247 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't fork");
a687059c
LW
2248 return Nullfp;
2249 }
2250 sleep(5);
2251 }
2252 if (pid == 0) {
79072805
LW
2253 GV* tmpgv;
2254
30ac6d9b
GS
2255#undef THIS
2256#undef THAT
a687059c 2257#define THIS that
8ac85365 2258#define THAT This
e446cec8
IZ
2259 if (did_pipes) {
2260 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2261#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD)
2262 fcntl(pp[1], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC);
2263#endif
2264 }
a687059c 2265 if (p[THIS] != (*mode == 'r')) {
6ad3d225
GS
2266 PerlLIO_dup2(p[THIS], *mode == 'r');
2267 PerlLIO_close(p[THIS]);
b5ac89c3
NIS
2268 if (p[THAT] != (*mode == 'r')) /* if dup2() didn't close it */
2269 PerlLIO_close(p[THAT]);
a687059c 2270 }
b5ac89c3
NIS
2271 else
2272 PerlLIO_close(p[THAT]);
4435c477 2273#ifndef OS2
a687059c 2274 if (doexec) {
a0d0e21e 2275#if !defined(HAS_FCNTL) || !defined(F_SETFD)
ae986130
LW
2276#ifndef NOFILE
2277#define NOFILE 20
2278#endif
a080fe3d 2279 {
3aed30dc 2280 int fd;
a080fe3d
NIS
2281
2282 for (fd = PL_maxsysfd + 1; fd < NOFILE; fd++)
2283 if (fd != pp[1])
3aed30dc 2284 PerlLIO_close(fd);
a080fe3d 2285 }
ae986130 2286#endif
a080fe3d
NIS
2287 /* may or may not use the shell */
2288 do_exec3(cmd, pp[1], did_pipes);
6ad3d225 2289 PerlProc__exit(1);
a687059c 2290 }
4435c477 2291#endif /* defined OS2 */
306196c3 2292 if ((tmpgv = gv_fetchpv("$",TRUE, SVt_PV))) {
4d76a344 2293 SvREADONLY_off(GvSV(tmpgv));
7766f137 2294 sv_setiv(GvSV(tmpgv), PerlProc_getpid());
4d76a344
RGS
2295 SvREADONLY_on(GvSV(tmpgv));
2296 }
2297#ifdef THREADS_HAVE_PIDS
2298 PL_ppid = (IV)getppid();
2299#endif
3280af22 2300 PL_forkprocess = 0;
ca0c25f6 2301#ifdef PERL_USES_PL_PIDSTATUS
3280af22 2302 hv_clear(PL_pidstatus); /* we have no children */
ca0c25f6 2303#endif
a687059c
LW
2304 return Nullfp;
2305#undef THIS
2306#undef THAT
2307 }
b5ac89c3 2308 do_execfree(); /* free any memory malloced by child on vfork */
e446cec8
IZ
2309 if (did_pipes)
2310 PerlLIO_close(pp[1]);
8ac85365 2311 if (p[that] < p[This]) {
6ad3d225
GS
2312 PerlLIO_dup2(p[This], p[that]);
2313 PerlLIO_close(p[This]);
8ac85365 2314 p[This] = p[that];
62b28dd9 2315 }
b5ac89c3
NIS
2316 else
2317 PerlLIO_close(p[that]);
2318
4755096e 2319 LOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
3280af22 2320 sv = *av_fetch(PL_fdpid,p[This],TRUE);
4755096e 2321 UNLOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
862a34c6 2322 SvUPGRADE(sv,SVt_IV);
45977657 2323 SvIV_set(sv, pid);
3280af22 2324 PL_forkprocess = pid;
e446cec8
IZ
2325 if (did_pipes && pid > 0) {
2326 int errkid;
2327 int n = 0, n1;
2328
2329 while (n < sizeof(int)) {
2330 n1 = PerlLIO_read(pp[0],
2331 (void*)(((char*)&errkid)+n),
2332 (sizeof(int)) - n);
2333 if (n1 <= 0)
2334 break;
2335 n += n1;
2336 }
2f96c702
IZ
2337 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
2338 did_pipes = 0;
e446cec8 2339 if (n) { /* Error */
faa466a7 2340 int pid2, status;
8c51524e 2341 PerlLIO_close(p[This]);
e446cec8 2342 if (n != sizeof(int))
cea2e8a9 2343 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: kid popen errno read");
faa466a7
RG
2344 do {
2345 pid2 = wait4pid(pid, &status, 0);
2346 } while (pid2 == -1 && errno == EINTR);
e446cec8
IZ
2347 errno = errkid; /* Propagate errno from kid */
2348 return Nullfp;
2349 }
2350 }
2351 if (did_pipes)
2352 PerlLIO_close(pp[0]);
8ac85365 2353 return PerlIO_fdopen(p[This], mode);
a687059c 2354}
7c0587c8 2355#else
85ca448a 2356#if defined(atarist) || defined(EPOC)
7c0587c8 2357FILE *popen();
760ac839 2358PerlIO *
864dbfa3 2359Perl_my_popen(pTHX_ char *cmd, char *mode)
7c0587c8 2360{
45bc9206 2361 PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD;
a1d180c4
NIS
2362 /* Call system's popen() to get a FILE *, then import it.
2363 used 0 for 2nd parameter to PerlIO_importFILE;
2364 apparently not used
2365 */
2366 return PerlIO_importFILE(popen(cmd, mode), 0);
7c0587c8 2367}
2b96b0a5
JH
2368#else
2369#if defined(DJGPP)
2370FILE *djgpp_popen();
2371PerlIO *
2372Perl_my_popen(pTHX_ char *cmd, char *mode)
2373{
2374 PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD;
2375 /* Call system's popen() to get a FILE *, then import it.
2376 used 0 for 2nd parameter to PerlIO_importFILE;
2377 apparently not used
2378 */
2379 return PerlIO_importFILE(djgpp_popen(cmd, mode), 0);
2380}
2381#endif
7c0587c8
LW
2382#endif
2383
2384#endif /* !DOSISH */
a687059c 2385
52e18b1f
GS
2386/* this is called in parent before the fork() */
2387void
2388Perl_atfork_lock(void)
2389{
27da23d5 2390 dVAR;
3db8f154 2391#if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
52e18b1f
GS
2392 /* locks must be held in locking order (if any) */
2393# ifdef MYMALLOC
2394 MUTEX_LOCK(&PL_malloc_mutex);
2395# endif
2396 OP_REFCNT_LOCK;
2397#endif
2398}
2399
2400/* this is called in both parent and child after the fork() */
2401void
2402Perl_atfork_unlock(void)
2403{
27da23d5 2404 dVAR;
3db8f154 2405#if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
52e18b1f
GS
2406 /* locks must be released in same order as in atfork_lock() */
2407# ifdef MYMALLOC
2408 MUTEX_UNLOCK(&PL_malloc_mutex);
2409# endif
2410 OP_REFCNT_UNLOCK;
2411#endif
2412}
2413
2414Pid_t
2415Perl_my_fork(void)
2416{
2417#if defined(HAS_FORK)
2418 Pid_t pid;
3db8f154 2419#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && !defined(HAS_PTHREAD_ATFORK)
52e18b1f
GS
2420 atfork_lock();
2421 pid = fork();
2422 atfork_unlock();
2423#else
2424 /* atfork_lock() and atfork_unlock() are installed as pthread_atfork()
2425 * handlers elsewhere in the code */
2426 pid = fork();
2427#endif
2428 return pid;
2429#else
2430 /* this "canna happen" since nothing should be calling here if !HAS_FORK */
2431 Perl_croak_nocontext("fork() not available");
b961a566 2432 return 0;
52e18b1f
GS
2433#endif /* HAS_FORK */
2434}
2435
748a9306 2436#ifdef DUMP_FDS
35ff7856 2437void
864dbfa3 2438Perl_dump_fds(pTHX_ char *s)
ae986130
LW
2439{
2440 int fd;
c623ac67 2441 Stat_t tmpstatbuf;
ae986130 2442
bf49b057 2443 PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,"%s", s);
ae986130 2444 for (fd = 0; fd < 32; fd++) {
6ad3d225 2445 if (PerlLIO_fstat(fd,&tmpstatbuf) >= 0)
bf49b057 2446 PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log," %d",fd);
ae986130 2447 }
bf49b057 2448 PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,"\n");
27da23d5 2449 return;
ae986130 2450}
35ff7856 2451#endif /* DUMP_FDS */
ae986130 2452
fe14fcc3 2453#ifndef HAS_DUP2
fec02dd3 2454int
ba106d47 2455dup2(int oldfd, int newfd)
a687059c 2456{
a0d0e21e 2457#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_DUPFD)
fec02dd3
AD
2458 if (oldfd == newfd)
2459 return oldfd;
6ad3d225 2460 PerlLIO_close(newfd);
fec02dd3 2461 return fcntl(oldfd, F_DUPFD, newfd);
62b28dd9 2462#else
fc36a67e
PP
2463#define DUP2_MAX_FDS 256
2464 int fdtmp[DUP2_MAX_FDS];
79072805 2465 I32 fdx = 0;
ae986130
LW
2466 int fd;
2467
fe14fcc3 2468 if (oldfd == newfd)
fec02dd3 2469 return oldfd;
6ad3d225 2470 PerlLIO_close(newfd);
fc36a67e 2471 /* good enough for low fd's... */
6ad3d225 2472 while ((fd = PerlLIO_dup(oldfd)) != newfd && fd >= 0) {
fc36a67e 2473 if (fdx >= DUP2_MAX_FDS) {
6ad3d225 2474 PerlLIO_close(fd);
fc36a67e
PP
2475 fd = -1;
2476 break;
2477 }
ae986130 2478 fdtmp[fdx++] = fd;
fc36a67e 2479 }
ae986130 2480 while (fdx > 0)
6ad3d225 2481 PerlLIO_close(fdtmp[--fdx]);
fec02dd3 2482 return fd;
62b28dd9 2483#endif
a687059c
LW
2484}
2485#endif
2486
64ca3a65 2487#ifndef PERL_MICRO
ff68c719
PP
2488#ifdef HAS_SIGACTION
2489
abea2c45
HS
2490#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
2491/* We don't want restart behavior on MacOS */
2492#undef SA_RESTART
2493#endif
2494
ff68c719 2495Sighandler_t
864dbfa3 2496Perl_rsignal(pTHX_ int signo, Sighandler_t handler)
ff68c719 2497{
27da23d5 2498 dVAR;
ff68c719
PP
2499 struct sigaction act, oact;
2500
a10b1e10
JH
2501#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
2502 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2503 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
8aad04aa 2504 return (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR;
a10b1e10
JH
2505#endif
2506
8aad04aa 2507 act.sa_handler = (void(*)(int))handler;
ff68c719
PP
2508 sigemptyset(&act.sa_mask);
2509 act.sa_flags = 0;
2510#ifdef SA_RESTART
4ffa73a3
JH
2511 if (PL_signals & PERL_SIGNALS_UNSAFE_FLAG)
2512 act.sa_flags |= SA_RESTART; /* SVR4, 4.3+BSD */
0a8e0eff 2513#endif
358837b8 2514#if defined(SA_NOCLDWAIT) && !defined(BSDish) /* See [perl #18849] */
8aad04aa 2515 if (signo == SIGCHLD && handler == (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN)
85264bed
CS
2516 act.sa_flags |= SA_NOCLDWAIT;
2517#endif
ff68c719 2518 if (sigaction(signo, &act, &oact) == -1)
8aad04aa 2519 return (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR;
ff68c719 2520 else
8aad04aa 2521 return (Sighandler_t) oact.sa_handler;
ff68c719
PP
2522}
2523
2524Sighandler_t
864dbfa3 2525Perl_rsignal_state(pTHX_ int signo)
ff68c719
PP
2526{
2527 struct sigaction oact;
2528
2529 if (sigaction(signo, (struct sigaction *)NULL, &oact) == -1)
8aad04aa 2530 return (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR;
ff68c719 2531 else
8aad04aa 2532 return (Sighandler_t) oact.sa_handler;
ff68c719
PP
2533}
2534
2535int
864dbfa3 2536Perl_rsignal_save(pTHX_ int signo, Sighandler_t handler, Sigsave_t *save)
ff68c719 2537{
27da23d5 2538 dVAR;
ff68c719
PP
2539 struct sigaction act;
2540
a10b1e10
JH
2541#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
2542 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2543 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
2544 return -1;
2545#endif
2546
8aad04aa 2547 act.sa_handler = (void(*)(int))handler;
ff68c719
PP
2548 sigemptyset(&act.sa_mask);
2549 act.sa_flags = 0;
2550#ifdef SA_RESTART
4ffa73a3
JH
2551 if (PL_signals & PERL_SIGNALS_UNSAFE_FLAG)
2552 act.sa_flags |= SA_RESTART; /* SVR4, 4.3+BSD */
0a8e0eff 2553#endif
36b5d377 2554#if defined(SA_NOCLDWAIT) && !defined(BSDish) /* See [perl #18849] */
8aad04aa 2555 if (signo == SIGCHLD && handler == (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN)
85264bed
CS
2556 act.sa_flags |= SA_NOCLDWAIT;
2557#endif
ff68c719
PP
2558 return sigaction(signo, &act, save);
2559}
2560
2561int
864dbfa3 2562Perl_rsignal_restore(pTHX_ int signo, Sigsave_t *save)
ff68c719 2563{
27da23d5 2564 dVAR;
a10b1e10
JH
2565#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
2566 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2567 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
2568 return -1;
2569#endif
2570
ff68c719
PP
2571 return sigaction(signo, save, (struct sigaction *)NULL);
2572}
2573
2574#else /* !HAS_SIGACTION */
2575
2576Sighandler_t
864dbfa3 2577Perl_rsignal(pTHX_ int signo, Sighandler_t handler)
ff68c719 2578{
39f1703b 2579#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && !defined(WIN32)
a10b1e10
JH
2580 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2581 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
8aad04aa 2582 return (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR;
a10b1e10
JH
2583#endif
2584
6ad3d225 2585 return PerlProc_signal(signo, handler);
ff68c719
PP
2586}
2587
ff68c719
PP
2588static
2589Signal_t
4e35701f 2590sig_trap(int signo)
ff68c719 2591{
27da23d5
JH
2592 dVAR;
2593 PL_sig_trapped++;
ff68c719
PP
2594}
2595
2596Sighandler_t
864dbfa3 2597Perl_rsignal_state(pTHX_ int signo)
ff68c719 2598{
27da23d5 2599 dVAR;
ff68c719
PP
2600 Sighandler_t oldsig;
2601
39f1703b 2602#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && !defined(WIN32)
a10b1e10
JH
2603 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2604 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
8aad04aa 2605 return (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR;
a10b1e10
JH
2606#endif
2607
27da23d5 2608 PL_sig_trapped = 0;
6ad3d225
GS
2609 oldsig = PerlProc_signal(signo, sig_trap);
2610 PerlProc_signal(signo, oldsig);
27da23d5 2611 if (PL_sig_trapped)
3aed30dc 2612 PerlProc_kill(PerlProc_getpid(), signo);
ff68c719
PP
2613 return oldsig;
2614}
2615
2616int
864dbfa3 2617Perl_rsignal_save(pTHX_ int signo, Sighandler_t handler, Sigsave_t *save)
ff68c719 2618{
39f1703b 2619#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && !defined(WIN32)
a10b1e10
JH
2620 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2621 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
2622 return -1;
2623#endif
6ad3d225 2624 *save = PerlProc_signal(signo, handler);
8aad04aa 2625 return (*save == (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR) ? -1 : 0;
ff68c719
PP
2626}
2627
2628int
864dbfa3 2629Perl_rsignal_restore(pTHX_ int signo, Sigsave_t *save)
ff68c719 2630{
39f1703b 2631#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && !defined(WIN32)
a10b1e10
JH
2632 /* only "parent" interpreter can diddle signals */
2633 if (PL_curinterp != aTHX)
2634 return -1;
2635#endif
8aad04aa 2636 return (PerlProc_signal(signo, *save) == (Sighandler_t) SIG_ERR) ? -1 : 0;
ff68c719
PP
2637}
2638
2639#endif /* !HAS_SIGACTION */
64ca3a65 2640#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
ff68c719 2641
5f05dabc 2642 /* VMS' my_pclose() is in VMS.c; same with OS/2 */
cd39f2b6 2643#if (!defined(DOSISH) || defined(HAS_FORK) || defined(AMIGAOS)) && !defined(VMS) && !defined(__OPEN_VM) && !defined(EPOC) && !defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL)
79072805 2644I32
864dbfa3 2645Perl_my_pclose(pTHX_ PerlIO *ptr)
a687059c 2646{
ff68c719 2647 Sigsave_t hstat, istat, qstat;
a687059c 2648 int status;
a0d0e21e 2649 SV **svp;
d8a83dd3
JH
2650 Pid_t pid;
2651 Pid_t pid2;
03136e13 2652 bool close_failed;
b7953727 2653 int saved_errno = 0;
22fae026
TM
2654#ifdef WIN32
2655 int saved_win32_errno;
2656#endif
a687059c 2657
4755096e 2658 LOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
3280af22 2659 svp = av_fetch(PL_fdpid,PerlIO_fileno(ptr),TRUE);
4755096e 2660 UNLOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
25d92023 2661 pid = (SvTYPE(*svp) == SVt_IV) ? SvIVX(*svp) : -1;
a0d0e21e 2662 SvREFCNT_dec(*svp);
3280af22 2663 *svp = &PL_sv_undef;
ddcf38b7
IZ
2664#ifdef OS2
2665 if (pid == -1) { /* Opened by popen. */
2666 return my_syspclose(ptr);
2667 }
a1d180c4 2668#endif
03136e13
CS
2669 if ((close_failed = (PerlIO_close(ptr) == EOF))) {
2670 saved_errno = errno;
22fae026
TM
2671#ifdef WIN32
2672 saved_win32_errno = GetLastError();
2673#endif
03136e13 2674 }
7c0587c8 2675#ifdef UTS
6ad3d225 2676 if(PerlProc_kill(pid, 0) < 0) { return(pid); } /* HOM 12/23/91 */
7c0587c8 2677#endif
64ca3a65 2678#ifndef PERL_MICRO
8aad04aa
JH
2679 rsignal_save(SIGHUP, (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN, &hstat);
2680 rsignal_save(SIGINT, (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN, &istat);
2681 rsignal_save(SIGQUIT, (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN, &qstat);
64ca3a65 2682#endif
748a9306 2683 do {
1d3434b8
GS
2684 pid2 = wait4pid(pid, &status, 0);
2685 } while (pid2 == -1 && errno == EINTR);
64ca3a65 2686#ifndef PERL_MICRO
ff68c719
PP
2687 rsignal_restore(SIGHUP, &hstat);
2688 rsignal_restore(SIGINT, &istat);
2689 rsignal_restore(SIGQUIT, &qstat);
64ca3a65 2690#endif
03136e13 2691 if (close_failed) {
ce6e1103 2692 SETERRNO(saved_errno, 0);
03136e13
CS
2693 return -1;
2694 }
1d3434b8 2695 return(pid2 < 0 ? pid2 : status == 0 ? 0 : (errno = 0, status));
20188a90 2696}
4633a7c4
LW
2697#endif /* !DOSISH */
2698
2986a63f 2699#if (!defined(DOSISH) || defined(OS2) || defined(WIN32) || defined(NETWARE)) && !defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL)
79072805 2700I32
d8a83dd3 2701Perl_wait4pid(pTHX_ Pid_t pid, int *statusp, int flags)
20188a90 2702{
27da23d5 2703 I32 result = 0;
b7953727
JH
2704 if (!pid)
2705 return -1;
ca0c25f6 2706#ifdef PERL_USES_PL_PIDSTATUS
b7953727 2707 {
3aed30dc 2708 if (pid > 0) {
12072db5
NC
2709 /* The keys in PL_pidstatus are now the raw 4 (or 8) bytes of the
2710 pid, rather than a string form. */
c4420975 2711 SV * const * const svp = hv_fetch(PL_pidstatus,(const char*) &pid,sizeof(Pid_t),FALSE);
3aed30dc
HS
2712 if (svp && *svp != &PL_sv_undef) {
2713 *statusp = SvIVX(*svp);
12072db5
NC
2714 (void)hv_delete(PL_pidstatus,(const char*) &pid,sizeof(Pid_t),
2715 G_DISCARD);
3aed30dc
HS
2716 return pid;
2717 }
2718 }
2719 else {
2720 HE *entry;
2721
2722 hv_iterinit(PL_pidstatus);
2723 if ((entry = hv_iternext(PL_pidstatus))) {
c4420975 2724 SV * const sv = hv_iterval(PL_pidstatus,entry);
7ea75b61 2725 I32 len;
0bcc34c2 2726 const char * const spid = hv_iterkey(entry,&len);
27da23d5 2727
12072db5
NC
2728 assert (len == sizeof(Pid_t));
2729 memcpy((char *)&pid, spid, len);
3aed30dc 2730 *statusp = SvIVX(sv);
7b9a3241
NC
2731 /* The hash iterator is currently on this entry, so simply
2732 calling hv_delete would trigger the lazy delete, which on
2733 aggregate does more work, beacuse next call to hv_iterinit()
2734 would spot the flag, and have to call the delete routine,
2735 while in the meantime any new entries can't re-use that
2736 memory. */
2737 hv_iterinit(PL_pidstatus);
7ea75b61 2738 (void)hv_delete(PL_pidstatus,spid,len,G_DISCARD);
3aed30dc
HS
2739 return pid;
2740 }
20188a90
LW
2741 }
2742 }
68a29c53 2743#endif
79072805 2744#ifdef HAS_WAITPID
367f3c24
IZ
2745# ifdef HAS_WAITPID_RUNTIME
2746 if (!HAS_WAITPID_RUNTIME)
2747 goto hard_way;
2748# endif
cddd4526 2749 result = PerlProc_waitpid(pid,statusp,flags);
dfcfdb64 2750 goto finish;
367f3c24
IZ
2751#endif
2752#if !defined(HAS_WAITPID) && defined(HAS_WAIT4)
cddd4526 2753 result = wait4((pid==-1)?0:pid,statusp,flags,Null(struct rusage *));
dfcfdb64 2754 goto finish;
367f3c24 2755#endif
ca0c25f6 2756#ifdef PERL_USES_PL_PIDSTATUS
27da23d5 2757#if defined(HAS_WAITPID) && defined(HAS_WAITPID_RUNTIME)
367f3c24 2758 hard_way:
27da23d5 2759#endif
a0d0e21e 2760 {
a0d0e21e 2761 if (flags)
cea2e8a9 2762 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't do waitpid with flags");
a0d0e21e 2763 else {
76e3520e 2764 while ((result = PerlProc_wait(statusp)) != pid && pid > 0 && result >= 0)
a0d0e21e
LW
2765 pidgone(result,*statusp);
2766 if (result < 0)
2767 *statusp = -1;
2768 }
a687059c
LW
2769 }
2770#endif
27da23d5 2771#if defined(HAS_WAITPID) || defined(HAS_WAIT4)
dfcfdb64 2772 finish:
27da23d5 2773#endif
cddd4526
NIS
2774 if (result < 0 && errno == EINTR) {
2775 PERL_ASYNC_CHECK();
2776 }
2777 return result;
a687059c 2778}
2986a63f 2779#endif /* !DOSISH || OS2 || WIN32 || NETWARE */
a687059c 2780
ca0c25f6 2781#ifdef PERL_USES_PL_PIDSTATUS
7c0587c8 2782void
d8a83dd3 2783Perl_pidgone(pTHX_ Pid_t pid, int status)
a687059c 2784{
79072805 2785 register SV *sv;
a687059c 2786
12072db5 2787 sv = *hv_fetch(PL_pidstatus,(const char*)&pid,sizeof(Pid_t),TRUE);
862a34c6 2788 SvUPGRADE(sv,SVt_IV);
45977657 2789 SvIV_set(sv, status);
20188a90 2790 return;
a687059c 2791}
ca0c25f6 2792#endif
a687059c 2793
85ca448a 2794#if defined(atarist) || defined(OS2) || defined(EPOC)
7c0587c8 2795int pclose();
ddcf38b7
IZ
2796#ifdef HAS_FORK
2797int /* Cannot prototype with I32
2798 in os2ish.h. */
ba106d47 2799my_syspclose(PerlIO *ptr)
ddcf38b7 2800#else
79072805 2801I32
864dbfa3 2802Perl_my_pclose(pTHX_ PerlIO *ptr)
a1d180c4 2803#endif
a687059c 2804{
760ac839 2805 /* Needs work for PerlIO ! */
c4420975 2806 FILE * const f = PerlIO_findFILE(ptr);
7452cf6a 2807 const I32 result = pclose(f);
2b96b0a5
JH
2808 PerlIO_releaseFILE(ptr,f);
2809 return result;
2810}
2811#endif
2812
933fea7f 2813#if defined(DJGPP)
2b96b0a5
JH
2814int djgpp_pclose();
2815I32
2816Perl_my_pclose(pTHX_ PerlIO *ptr)
2817{
2818 /* Needs work for PerlIO ! */
c4420975 2819 FILE * const f = PerlIO_findFILE(ptr);
2b96b0a5 2820 I32 result = djgpp_pclose(f);
933fea7f 2821 result = (result << 8) & 0xff00;
760ac839
LW
2822 PerlIO_releaseFILE(ptr,f);
2823 return result;
a687059c 2824}
7c0587c8 2825#endif
9f68db38
LW
2826
2827void
864dbfa3 2828Perl_repeatcpy(pTHX_ register char *to, register const char *from, I32 len, register I32 count)
9f68db38 2829{
79072805 2830 register I32 todo;
c4420975 2831 register const char * const frombase = from;
9f68db38
LW
2832
2833 if (len == 1) {
08105a92 2834 register const char c = *from;
9f68db38 2835 while (count-- > 0)
5926133d 2836 *to++ = c;
9f68db38
LW
2837 return;
2838 }
2839 while (count-- > 0) {
2840 for (todo = len; todo > 0; todo--) {
2841 *to++ = *from++;
2842 }
2843 from = frombase;
2844 }
2845}
0f85fab0 2846
fe14fcc3 2847#ifndef HAS_RENAME
79072805 2848I32
4373e329 2849Perl_same_dirent(pTHX_ const char *a, const char *b)
62b28dd9 2850{
93a17b20
LW
2851 char *fa = strrchr(a,'/');
2852 char *fb = strrchr(b,'/');
c623ac67
GS
2853 Stat_t tmpstatbuf1;
2854 Stat_t tmpstatbuf2;
c4420975 2855 SV * const tmpsv = sv_newmortal();
62b28dd9
LW
2856
2857 if (fa)
2858 fa++;
2859 else
2860 fa = a;
2861 if (fb)
2862 fb++;
2863 else
2864 fb = b;
2865 if (strNE(a,b))
2866 return FALSE;
2867 if (fa == a)
616d8c9c 2868 sv_setpvn(tmpsv, ".", 1);
62b28dd9 2869 else
46fc3d4c 2870 sv_setpvn(tmpsv, a, fa - a);
95a20fc0 2871 if (PerlLIO_stat(SvPVX_const(tmpsv), &tmpstatbuf1) < 0)
62b28dd9
LW
2872 return FALSE;
2873 if (fb == b)
616d8c9c 2874 sv_setpvn(tmpsv, ".", 1);
62b28dd9 2875 else
46fc3d4c 2876 sv_setpvn(tmpsv, b, fb - b);
95a20fc0 2877 if (PerlLIO_stat(SvPVX_const(tmpsv), &tmpstatbuf2) < 0)
62b28dd9
LW
2878 return FALSE;
2879 return tmpstatbuf1.st_dev == tmpstatbuf2.st_dev &&
2880 tmpstatbuf1.st_ino == tmpstatbuf2.st_ino;
2881}
fe14fcc3
LW
2882#endif /* !HAS_RENAME */
2883
491527d0 2884char*
7f315aed
NC
2885Perl_find_script(pTHX_ const char *scriptname, bool dosearch,
2886 const char *const *const search_ext, I32 flags)
491527d0 2887{
e1ec3a88 2888 const char *xfound = Nullch;
491527d0 2889 char *xfailed = Nullch;
0f31cffe 2890 char tmpbuf[MAXPATHLEN];
491527d0 2891 register char *s;
5f74f29c 2892 I32 len = 0;
491527d0
GS
2893 int retval;
2894#if defined(DOSISH) && !defined(OS2) && !defined(atarist)
2895# define SEARCH_EXTS ".bat", ".cmd", NULL
2896# define MAX_EXT_LEN 4
2897#endif
2898#ifdef OS2
2899# define SEARCH_EXTS ".cmd", ".btm", ".bat", ".pl", NULL
2900# define MAX_EXT_LEN 4
2901#endif
2902#ifdef VMS
2903# define SEARCH_EXTS ".pl", ".com", NULL
2904# define MAX_EXT_LEN 4
2905#endif
2906 /* additional extensions to try in each dir if scriptname not found */
2907#ifdef SEARCH_EXTS
0bcc34c2 2908 static const char *const exts[] = { SEARCH_EXTS };
7f315aed 2909 const char *const *const ext = search_ext ? search_ext : exts;
491527d0 2910 int extidx = 0, i = 0;
e1ec3a88 2911 const char *curext = Nullch;
491527d0 2912#else
53c1dcc0 2913 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(search_ext);
491527d0
GS
2914# define MAX_EXT_LEN 0
2915#endif
2916
2917 /*
2918 * If dosearch is true and if scriptname does not contain path
2919 * delimiters, search the PATH for scriptname.
2920 *
2921 * If SEARCH_EXTS is also defined, will look for each
2922 * scriptname{SEARCH_EXTS} whenever scriptname is not found
2923 * while searching the PATH.
2924 *
2925 * Assuming SEARCH_EXTS is C<".foo",".bar",NULL>, PATH search
2926 * proceeds as follows:
2927 * If DOSISH or VMSISH:
2928 * + look for ./scriptname{,.foo,.bar}
2929 * + search the PATH for scriptname{,.foo,.bar}
2930 *
2931 * If !DOSISH:
2932 * + look *only* in the PATH for scriptname{,.foo,.bar} (note
2933 * this will not look in '.' if it's not in the PATH)
2934 */
84486fc6 2935 tmpbuf[0] = '\0';
491527d0
GS
2936
2937#ifdef VMS
2938# ifdef ALWAYS_DEFTYPES
2939 len = strlen(scriptname);
2940 if (!(len == 1 && *scriptname == '-') && scriptname[len-1] != ':') {
c4420975 2941 int idx = 0, deftypes = 1;
491527d0
GS
2942 bool seen_dot = 1;
2943
c4420975 2944 const int hasdir = !dosearch || (strpbrk(scriptname,":[</") != Nullch);
491527d0
GS
2945# else
2946 if (dosearch) {
c4420975 2947 int idx = 0, deftypes = 1;
491527d0
GS
2948 bool seen_dot = 1;
2949
c4420975 2950 const int hasdir = (strpbrk(scriptname,":[</") != Nullch);
491527d0
GS
2951# endif
2952 /* The first time through, just add SEARCH_EXTS to whatever we
2953 * already have, so we can check for default file types. */
2954 while (deftypes ||
84486fc6 2955 (!hasdir && my_trnlnm("DCL$PATH",tmpbuf,idx++)) )
491527d0
GS
2956 {
2957 if (deftypes) {
2958 deftypes = 0;
84486fc6 2959 *tmpbuf = '\0';
491527d0 2960 }
84486fc6
GS
2961 if ((strlen(tmpbuf) + strlen(scriptname)
2962 + MAX_EXT_LEN) >= sizeof tmpbuf)
491527d0 2963 continue; /* don't search dir with too-long name */
84486fc6 2964 strcat(tmpbuf, scriptname);
491527d0
GS
2965#else /* !VMS */
2966
2967#ifdef DOSISH
2968 if (strEQ(scriptname, "-"))
2969 dosearch = 0;
2970 if (dosearch) { /* Look in '.' first. */
fe2774ed 2971 const char *cur = scriptname;
491527d0
GS
2972#ifdef SEARCH_EXTS
2973 if ((curext = strrchr(scriptname,'.'))) /* possible current ext */
2974 while (ext[i])
2975 if (strEQ(ext[i++],curext)) {
2976 extidx = -1; /* already has an ext */
2977 break;
2978 }
2979 do {
2980#endif
2981 DEBUG_p(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log,
2982 "Looking for %s\n",cur));
017f25f1
IZ
2983 if (PerlLIO_stat(cur,&PL_statbuf) >= 0
2984 && !S_ISDIR(PL_statbuf.st_mode)) {
491527d0
GS
2985 dosearch = 0;
2986 scriptname = cur;
2987#ifdef SEARCH_EXTS
2988 break;
2989#endif
2990 }
2991#ifdef SEARCH_EXTS
2992 if (cur == scriptname) {
2993 len = strlen(scriptname);
84486fc6 2994 if (len+MAX_EXT_LEN+1 >= sizeof(tmpbuf))
491527d0 2995 break;
490a0e98 2996 /* FIXME? Convert to memcpy */
84486fc6 2997 cur = strcpy(tmpbuf, scriptname);
491527d0
GS
2998 }
2999 } while (extidx >= 0 && ext[extidx] /* try an extension? */
84486fc6 3000 && strcpy(tmpbuf+len, ext[extidx++]));
491527d0
GS
3001#endif
3002 }
3003#endif
3004
cd39f2b6
JH
3005#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
3006 if (dosearch && !strchr(scriptname, ':') &&
3007 (s = PerlEnv_getenv("Commands")))
3008#else
491527d0
GS
3009 if (dosearch && !strchr(scriptname, '/')
3010#ifdef DOSISH
3011 && !strchr(scriptname, '\\')
3012#endif
cd39f2b6
JH
3013 && (s = PerlEnv_getenv("PATH")))
3014#endif
3015 {
491527d0 3016 bool seen_dot = 0;
92f0c265 3017
3280af22
NIS
3018 PL_bufend = s + strlen(s);
3019 while (s < PL_bufend) {
cd39f2b6
JH
3020#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
3021 s = delimcpy(tmpbuf, tmpbuf + sizeof tmpbuf, s, PL_bufend,
3022 ',',
3023 &len);
3024#else
491527d0
GS
3025#if defined(atarist) || defined(DOSISH)
3026 for (len = 0; *s
3027# ifdef atarist
3028 && *s != ','
3029# endif
3030 && *s != ';'; len++, s++) {
84486fc6
GS
3031 if (len < sizeof tmpbuf)
3032 tmpbuf[len] = *s;
491527d0 3033 }
84486fc6
GS
3034 if (len < sizeof tmpbuf)
3035 tmpbuf[len] = '\0';
491527d0 3036#else /* ! (atarist || DOSISH) */
3280af22 3037 s = delimcpy(tmpbuf, tmpbuf + sizeof tmpbuf, s, PL_bufend,
491527d0
GS
3038 ':',
3039 &len);
3040#endif /* ! (atarist || DOSISH) */
cd39f2b6 3041#endif /* MACOS_TRADITIONAL */
3280af22 3042 if (s < PL_bufend)
491527d0 3043 s++;
84486fc6 3044 if (len + 1 + strlen(scriptname) + MAX_EXT_LEN >= sizeof tmpbuf)
491527d0 3045 continue; /* don't search dir with too-long name */
cd39f2b6
JH
3046#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
3047 if (len && tmpbuf[len - 1] != ':')
3048 tmpbuf[len++] = ':';
3049#else
491527d0 3050 if (len
490a0e98 3051# if defined(atarist) || defined(__MINT__) || defined(DOSISH)
84486fc6
GS
3052 && tmpbuf[len - 1] != '/'
3053 && tmpbuf[len - 1] != '\\'
490a0e98 3054# endif
491527d0 3055 )
84486fc6
GS
3056 tmpbuf[len++] = '/';
3057 if (len == 2 && tmpbuf[0] == '.')
491527d0 3058 seen_dot = 1;
cd39f2b6 3059#endif
490a0e98
NC
3060 /* FIXME? Convert to memcpy by storing previous strlen(scriptname)
3061 */
84486fc6 3062 (void)strcpy(tmpbuf + len, scriptname);
491527d0
GS
3063#endif /* !VMS */
3064
3065#ifdef SEARCH_EXTS
84486fc6 3066 len = strlen(tmpbuf);
491527d0
GS
3067 if (extidx > 0) /* reset after previous loop */
3068 extidx = 0;
3069 do {
3070#endif
84486fc6 3071 DEBUG_p(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "Looking for %s\n",tmpbuf));
3280af22 3072 retval = PerlLIO_stat(tmpbuf,&PL_statbuf);
017f25f1
IZ
3073 if (S_ISDIR(PL_statbuf.st_mode)) {
3074 retval = -1;
3075 }
491527d0
GS
3076#ifdef SEARCH_EXTS
3077 } while ( retval < 0 /* not there */
3078 && extidx>=0 && ext[extidx] /* try an extension? */
84486fc6 3079 && strcpy(tmpbuf+len, ext[extidx++])
491527d0
GS
3080 );
3081#endif
3082 if (retval < 0)
3083 continue;
3280af22
NIS
3084 if (S_ISREG(PL_statbuf.st_mode)
3085 && cando(S_IRUSR,TRUE,&PL_statbuf)
73811745 3086#if !defined(DOSISH) && !defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL)
3280af22 3087 && cando(S_IXUSR,TRUE,&PL_statbuf)
491527d0
GS
3088#endif
3089 )
3090 {
3aed30dc 3091 xfound = tmpbuf; /* bingo! */
491527d0
GS
3092 break;
3093 }
3094 if (!xfailed)
84486fc6 3095 xfailed = savepv(tmpbuf);
491527d0
GS
3096 }
3097#ifndef DOSISH
017f25f1 3098 if (!xfound && !seen_dot && !xfailed &&
a1d180c4 3099 (PerlLIO_stat(scriptname,&PL_statbuf) < 0
017f25f1 3100 || S_ISDIR(PL_statbuf.st_mode)))
491527d0
GS
3101#endif
3102 seen_dot = 1; /* Disable message. */
9ccb31f9
GS
3103 if (!xfound) {
3104 if (flags & 1) { /* do or die? */
3aed30dc 3105 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't %s %s%s%s",
9ccb31f9
GS
3106 (xfailed ? "execute" : "find"),
3107 (xfailed ? xfailed : scriptname),
3108 (xfailed ? "" : " on PATH"),
3109 (xfailed || seen_dot) ? "" : ", '.' not in PATH");
3110 }
3111 scriptname = Nullch;
3112 }
43c5f42d 3113 Safefree(xfailed);
491527d0
GS
3114 scriptname = xfound;
3115 }
9ccb31f9 3116 return (scriptname ? savepv(scriptname) : Nullch);
491527d0
GS
3117}
3118
ba869deb
GS
3119#ifndef PERL_GET_CONTEXT_DEFINED
3120
3121void *
3122Perl_get_context(void)
3123{
27da23d5 3124 dVAR;
3db8f154 3125#if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
ba869deb
GS
3126# ifdef OLD_PTHREADS_API
3127 pthread_addr_t t;
3128 if (pthread_getspecific(PL_thr_key, &t))
3129 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: pthread_getspecific");
3130 return (void*)t;
3131# else
bce813aa 3132# ifdef I_MACH_CTHREADS
8b8b35ab 3133 return (void*)cthread_data(cthread_self());
bce813aa 3134# else
8b8b35ab
JH
3135 return (void*)PTHREAD_GETSPECIFIC(PL_thr_key);
3136# endif
c44d3fdb 3137# endif
ba869deb
GS
3138#else
3139 return (void*)NULL;
3140#endif
3141}
3142
3143void
3144Perl_set_context(void *t)
3145{
8772537c 3146 dVAR;
3db8f154 3147#if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
c44d3fdb
GS
3148# ifdef I_MACH_CTHREADS
3149 cthread_set_data(cthread_self(), t);
3150# else
ba869deb
GS
3151 if (pthread_setspecific(PL_thr_key, t))
3152 Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: pthread_setspecific");
c44d3fdb 3153# endif
b464bac0 3154#else
8772537c 3155 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(t);
ba869deb
GS
3156#endif
3157}
3158
3159#endif /* !PERL_GET_CONTEXT_DEFINED */
491527d0 3160
27da23d5 3161#if defined(PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT) && !defined(PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT_PRIVATE)
22239a37 3162struct perl_vars *
864dbfa3 3163Perl_GetVars(pTHX)
22239a37 3164{
533c011a 3165 return &PL_Vars;
22239a37 3166}
31fb1209
NIS
3167#endif
3168
1cb0ed9b 3169char **
864dbfa3 3170Perl_get_op_names(pTHX)
31fb1209 3171{
27da23d5 3172 return (char **)PL_op_name;
31fb1209
NIS
3173}
3174
1cb0ed9b 3175char **
864dbfa3 3176Perl_get_op_descs(pTHX)
31fb1209 3177{
27da23d5 3178 return (char **)PL_op_desc;
31fb1209 3179}
9e6b2b00 3180
e1ec3a88 3181const char *
864dbfa3 3182Perl_get_no_modify(pTHX)
9e6b2b00 3183{
e1ec3a88 3184 return PL_no_modify;
9e6b2b00
GS
3185}
3186
3187U32 *
864dbfa3 3188Perl_get_opargs(pTHX)
9e6b2b00 3189{
27da23d5 3190 return (U32 *)PL_opargs;
9e6b2b00 3191}
51aa15f3 3192
0cb96387
GS
3193PPADDR_t*
3194Perl_get_ppaddr(pTHX)
3195{
27da23d5 3196 dVAR;
12ae5dfc 3197 return (PPADDR_t*)PL_ppaddr;
0cb96387
GS
3198}
3199
a6c40364
GS
3200#ifndef HAS_GETENV_LEN
3201char *
bf4acbe4 3202Perl_getenv_len(pTHX_ const char *env_elem, unsigned long *len)
a6c40364 3203{
8772537c 3204 char * const env_trans = PerlEnv_getenv(env_elem);
a6c40364
GS
3205 if (env_trans)
3206 *len = strlen(env_trans);
3207 return env_trans;
f675dbe5
CB
3208}
3209#endif
3210
dc9e4912
GS
3211
3212MGVTBL*
864dbfa3 3213Perl_get_vtbl(pTHX_ int vtbl_id)
dc9e4912 3214{
7452cf6a 3215 const MGVTBL* result;
dc9e4912
GS
3216
3217 switch(vtbl_id) {
3218 case want_vtbl_sv:
3219 result = &PL_vtbl_sv;
3220 break;
3221 case want_vtbl_env:
3222 result = &PL_vtbl_env;
3223 break;
3224 case want_vtbl_envelem:
3225 result = &PL_vtbl_envelem;
3226 break;
3227 case want_vtbl_sig:
3228 result = &PL_vtbl_sig;
3229 break;
3230 case want_vtbl_sigelem:
3231 result = &PL_vtbl_sigelem;
3232 break;
3233 case want_vtbl_pack:
3234 result = &PL_vtbl_pack;
3235 break;
3236 case want_vtbl_packelem:
3237 result = &PL_vtbl_packelem;
3238 break;
3239 case want_vtbl_dbline:
3240 result = &PL_vtbl_dbline;
3241 break;
3242 case want_vtbl_isa:
3243 result = &PL_vtbl_isa;
3244 break;
3245 case want_vtbl_isaelem:
3246 result = &PL_vtbl_isaelem;
3247 break;
3248 case want_vtbl_arylen:
3249 result = &PL_vtbl_arylen;
3250 break;
3251 case want_vtbl_glob:
3252 result = &PL_vtbl_glob;
3253 break;
3254 case want_vtbl_mglob:
3255 result = &PL_vtbl_mglob;
3256 break;
3257 case want_vtbl_nkeys:
3258 result = &PL_vtbl_nkeys;
3259 break;
3260 case want_vtbl_taint:
3261 result = &PL_vtbl_taint;
3262 break;
3263 case want_vtbl_substr:
3264 result = &PL_vtbl_substr;
3265 break;
3266 case want_vtbl_vec:
3267 result = &PL_vtbl_vec;
3268 break;
3269 case want_vtbl_pos:
3270 result = &PL_vtbl_pos;
3271 break;
3272 case want_vtbl_bm:
3273 result = &PL_vtbl_bm;
3274 break;
3275 case want_vtbl_fm:
3276 result = &PL_vtbl_fm;
3277 break;
3278 case want_vtbl_uvar:
3279 result = &PL_vtbl_uvar;
3280 break;
dc9e4912
GS
3281 case want_vtbl_defelem:
3282 result = &PL_vtbl_defelem;
3283 break;
3284 case want_vtbl_regexp:
3285 result = &PL_vtbl_regexp;
3286 break;
3287 case want_vtbl_regdata:
3288 result = &PL_vtbl_regdata;
3289 break;
3290 case want_vtbl_regdatum:
3291 result = &PL_vtbl_regdatum;
3292 break;
3c90161d 3293#ifdef USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
dc9e4912
GS
3294 case want_vtbl_collxfrm:
3295 result = &PL_vtbl_collxfrm;
3296 break;
3c90161d 3297#endif
dc9e4912
GS
3298 case want_vtbl_amagic:
3299 result = &PL_vtbl_amagic;
3300 break;
3301 case want_vtbl_amagicelem:
3302 result = &PL_vtbl_amagicelem;
3303 break;
810b8aa5
GS
3304 case want_vtbl_backref:
3305 result = &PL_vtbl_backref;
3306 break;
7e8c5dac
HS
3307 case want_vtbl_utf8:
3308 result = &PL_vtbl_utf8;
3309 break;
7452cf6a
AL
3310 default:
3311 result = Null(MGVTBL*);
3312 break;
dc9e4912 3313 }
27da23d5 3314 return (MGVTBL*)result;
dc9e4912
GS
3315}
3316
767df6a1 3317I32
864dbfa3 3318Perl_my_fflush_all(pTHX)
767df6a1 3319{
f800e14d 3320#if defined(USE_PERLIO) || defined(FFLUSH_NULL) || defined(USE_SFIO)
ce720889 3321 return PerlIO_flush(NULL);
767df6a1 3322#else
8fbdfb7c 3323# if defined(HAS__FWALK)
f13a2bc0 3324 extern int fflush(FILE *);
74cac757
JH
3325 /* undocumented, unprototyped, but very useful BSDism */
3326 extern void _fwalk(int (*)(FILE *));
8fbdfb7c 3327 _fwalk(&fflush);
74cac757 3328 return 0;
8fa7f367 3329# else
8fbdfb7c 3330# if defined(FFLUSH_ALL) && defined(HAS_STDIO_STREAM_ARRAY)
8fa7f367 3331 long open_max = -1;
8fbdfb7c 3332# ifdef PERL_FFLUSH_ALL_FOPEN_MAX
d2201af2 3333 open_max = PERL_FFLUSH_ALL_FOPEN_MAX;
8fbdfb7c 3334# else
8fa7f367 3335# if defined(HAS_SYSCONF) && defined(_SC_OPEN_MAX)
767df6a1 3336 open_max = sysconf(_SC_OPEN_MAX);
8fa7f367
JH
3337# else
3338# ifdef FOPEN_MAX
74cac757 3339 open_max = FOPEN_MAX;
8fa7f367
JH
3340# else
3341# ifdef OPEN_MAX
74cac757 3342 open_max = OPEN_MAX;
8fa7f367
JH
3343# else
3344# ifdef _NFILE
d2201af2 3345 open_max = _NFILE;
8fa7f367
JH
3346# endif
3347# endif
74cac757 3348# endif
767df6a1
JH
3349# endif
3350# endif
767df6a1
JH
3351 if (open_max > 0) {
3352 long i;
3353 for (i = 0; i < open_max; i++)
d2201af2
AD
3354 if (STDIO_STREAM_ARRAY[i]._file >= 0 &&
3355 STDIO_STREAM_ARRAY[i]._file < open_max &&
3356 STDIO_STREAM_ARRAY[i]._flag)
3357 PerlIO_flush(&STDIO_STREAM_ARRAY[i]);
767df6a1
JH
3358 return 0;
3359 }
8fbdfb7c 3360# endif
93189314 3361 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
767df6a1 3362 return EOF;
74cac757 3363# endif
767df6a1
JH
3364#endif
3365}
097ee67d 3366
69282e91 3367void
e1ec3a88 3368Perl_report_evil_fh(pTHX_ const GV *gv, const IO *io, I32 op)
bc37a18f 3369{
b64e5050 3370 const char * const func =
66fc2fa5
JH
3371 op == OP_READLINE ? "readline" : /* "<HANDLE>" not nice */
3372 op == OP_LEAVEWRITE ? "write" : /* "write exit" not nice */
bc37a18f 3373 PL_op_desc[op];
b64e5050
AL
3374 const char * const pars = OP_IS_FILETEST(op) ? "" : "()";
3375 const char * const type = OP_IS_SOCKET(op)
3aed30dc
HS
3376 || (gv && io && IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_SOCKET)
3377 ? "socket" : "filehandle";
b64e5050 3378 const char * const name = gv && isGV(gv) ? GvENAME(gv) : NULL;
66fc2fa5 3379
4c80c0b2 3380 if (op == OP_phoney_OUTPUT_ONLY || op == OP_phoney_INPUT_ONLY) {
3aed30dc 3381 if (ckWARN(WARN_IO)) {
b64e5050 3382 const char * const direction = (op == OP_phoney_INPUT_ONLY) ? "in" : "out";
3aed30dc
HS
3383 if (name && *name)
3384 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO),
3385 "Filehandle %s opened only for %sput",
fd322ea4 3386 name, direction);
3aed30dc
HS
3387 else
3388 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO),
fd322ea4 3389 "Filehandle opened only for %sput", direction);
3aed30dc 3390 }
2dd78f96
JH
3391 }
3392 else {
e1ec3a88 3393 const char *vile;
3aed30dc
HS
3394 I32 warn_type;
3395
3396 if (gv && io && IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_CLOSED) {
3397 vile = "closed";
3398 warn_type = WARN_CLOSED;
3399 }
3400 else {
3401 vile = "unopened";
3402 warn_type = WARN_UNOPENED;
3403 }
3404
3405 if (ckWARN(warn_type)) {
3406 if (name && *name) {
3407 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(warn_type),
3408 "%s%s on %s %s %s", func, pars, vile, type, name);
3409 if (io && IoDIRP(io) && !(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FAKE_DIRP))
3410 Perl_warner(
3411 aTHX_ packWARN(warn_type),
3412 "\t(Are you trying to call %s%s on dirhandle %s?)\n",
3413 func, pars, name
3414 );
3415 }
3416 else {
3417 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(warn_type),
3418 "%s%s on %s %s", func, pars, vile, type);
3419 if (gv && io && IoDIRP(io) && !(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FAKE_DIRP))
3420 Perl_warner(
3421 aTHX_ packWARN(warn_type),
3422 "\t(Are you trying to call %s%s on dirhandle?)\n",
3423 func, pars
3424 );
3425 }
3426 }
bc37a18f 3427 }
69282e91 3428}
a926ef6b
JH
3429
3430#ifdef EBCDIC
cbebf344
JH
3431/* in ASCII order, not that it matters */
3432static const char controllablechars[] = "?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ[\\]^_";
3433
a926ef6b
JH
3434int
3435Perl_ebcdic_control(pTHX_ int ch)
3436{
3aed30dc 3437 if (ch > 'a') {
e1ec3a88 3438 const char *ctlp;
3aed30dc
HS
3439
3440 if (islower(ch))
3441 ch = toupper(ch);
3442
3443 if ((ctlp = strchr(controllablechars, ch)) == 0) {
3444 Perl_die(aTHX_ "unrecognised control character '%c'\n", ch);
a926ef6b 3445 }
3aed30dc
HS
3446
3447 if (ctlp == controllablechars)
3448 return('\177'); /* DEL */
3449 else
3450 return((unsigned char)(ctlp - controllablechars - 1));
3451 } else { /* Want uncontrol */
3452 if (ch == '\177' || ch == -1)
3453 return('?');
3454 else if (ch == '\157')
3455 return('\177');
3456 else if (ch == '\174')
3457 return('\000');
3458 else if (ch == '^') /* '\137' in 1047, '\260' in 819 */
3459 return('\036');
3460 else if (ch == '\155')
3461 return('\037');
3462 else if (0 < ch && ch < (sizeof(controllablechars) - 1))
3463 return(controllablechars[ch+1]);
3464 else
3465 Perl_die(aTHX_ "invalid control request: '\\%03o'\n", ch & 0xFF);
3466 }
a926ef6b
JH
3467}
3468#endif
e72cf795 3469
f6adc668 3470/* To workaround core dumps from the uninitialised tm_zone we get the
e72cf795
JH
3471 * system to give us a reasonable struct to copy. This fix means that
3472 * strftime uses the tm_zone and tm_gmtoff values returned by
3473 * localtime(time()). That should give the desired result most of the
3474 * time. But probably not always!
3475 *
f6adc668
JH
3476 * This does not address tzname aspects of NETaa14816.
3477 *
e72cf795 3478 */
f6adc668 3479
e72cf795
JH
3480#ifdef HAS_GNULIBC
3481# ifndef STRUCT_TM_HASZONE
3482# define STRUCT_TM_HASZONE
3483# endif
3484#endif
3485
f6adc668
JH
3486#ifdef STRUCT_TM_HASZONE /* Backward compat */
3487# ifndef HAS_TM_TM_ZONE
3488# define HAS_TM_TM_ZONE
3489# endif
3490#endif
3491
e72cf795 3492void
f1208910 3493Perl_init_tm(pTHX_ struct tm *ptm) /* see mktime, strftime and asctime */
e72cf795 3494{
f6adc668 3495#ifdef HAS_TM_TM_ZONE
e72cf795 3496 Time_t now;
1b6737cc 3497 const struct tm* my_tm;
e72cf795 3498 (void)time(&now);
82c57498 3499 my_tm = localtime(&now);
ca46b8ee
SP
3500 if (my_tm)
3501 Copy(my_tm, ptm, 1, struct tm);
1b6737cc
AL
3502#else
3503 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(ptm);
e72cf795
JH
3504#endif
3505}
3506
3507/*
3508 * mini_mktime - normalise struct tm values without the localtime()
3509 * semantics (and overhead) of mktime().
3510 */
3511void
f1208910 3512Perl_mini_mktime(pTHX_ struct tm *ptm)
e72cf795
JH
3513{
3514 int yearday;
3515 int secs;
3516 int month, mday, year, jday;
3517 int odd_cent, odd_year;
3518
3519#define DAYS_PER_YEAR 365
3520#define DAYS_PER_QYEAR (4*DAYS_PER_YEAR+1)
3521#define DAYS_PER_CENT (25*DAYS_PER_QYEAR-1)
3522#define DAYS_PER_QCENT (4*DAYS_PER_CENT+1)
3523#define SECS_PER_HOUR (60*60)
3524#define SECS_PER_DAY (24*SECS_PER_HOUR)
3525/* parentheses deliberately absent on these two, otherwise they don't work */
3526#define MONTH_TO_DAYS 153/5
3527#define DAYS_TO_MONTH 5/153
3528/* offset to bias by March (month 4) 1st between month/mday & year finding */
3529#define YEAR_ADJUST (4*MONTH_TO_DAYS+1)
3530/* as used here, the algorithm leaves Sunday as day 1 unless we adjust it */
3531#define WEEKDAY_BIAS 6 /* (1+6)%7 makes Sunday 0 again */
3532
3533/*
3534 * Year/day algorithm notes:
3535 *
3536 * With a suitable offset for numeric value of the month, one can find
3537 * an offset into the year by considering months to have 30.6 (153/5) days,
3538 * using integer arithmetic (i.e., with truncation). To avoid too much
3539 * messing about with leap days, we consider January and February to be
3540 * the 13th and 14th month of the previous year. After that transformation,
3541 * we need the month index we use to be high by 1 from 'normal human' usage,
3542 * so the month index values we use run from 4 through 15.
3543 *
3544 * Given that, and the rules for the Gregorian calendar (leap years are those
3545 * divisible by 4 unless also divisible by 100, when they must be divisible
3546 * by 400 instead), we can simply calculate the number of days since some
3547 * arbitrary 'beginning of time' by futzing with the (adjusted) year number,
3548 * the days we derive from our month index, and adding in the day of the
3549 * month. The value used here is not adjusted for the actual origin which
3550 * it normally would use (1 January A.D. 1), since we're not exposing it.
3551 * We're only building the value so we can turn around and get the
3552 * normalised values for the year, month, day-of-month, and day-of-year.
3553 *
3554 * For going backward, we need to bias the value we're using so that we find
3555 * the right year value. (Basically, we don't want the contribution of
3556 * March 1st to the number to apply while deriving the year). Having done
3557 * that, we 'count up' the contribution to the year number by accounting for
3558 * full quadracenturies (400-year periods) with their extra leap days, plus
3559 * the contribution from full centuries (to avoid counting in the lost leap
3560 * days), plus the contribution from full quad-years (to count in the normal
3561 * leap days), plus the leftover contribution from any non-leap years.
3562 * At this point, if we were working with an actual leap day, we'll have 0
3563 * days left over. This is also true for March 1st, however. So, we have
3564 * to special-case that result, and (earlier) keep track of the 'odd'
3565 * century and year contributions. If we got 4 extra centuries in a qcent,
3566 * or 4 extra years in a qyear, then it's a leap day and we call it 29 Feb.
3567 * Otherwise, we add back in the earlier bias we removed (the 123 from
3568 * figuring in March 1st), find the month index (integer division by 30.6),
3569 * and the remainder is the day-of-month. We then have to convert back to
3570 * 'real' months (including fixing January and February from being 14/15 in
3571 * the previous year to being in the proper year). After that, to get
3572 * tm_yday, we work with the normalised year and get a new yearday value for
3573 * January 1st, which we subtract from the yearday value we had earlier,
3574 * representing the date we've re-built. This is done from January 1
3575 * because tm_yday is 0-origin.
3576 *
3577 * Since POSIX time routines are only guaranteed to work for times since the
3578 * UNIX epoch (00:00:00 1 Jan 1970 UTC), the fact that this algorithm
3579 * applies Gregorian calendar rules even to dates before the 16th century
3580 * doesn't bother me. Besides, you'd need cultural context for a given
3581 * date to know whether it was Julian or Gregorian calendar, and that's
3582 * outside the scope for this routine. Since we convert back based on the
3583 * same rules we used to build the yearday, you'll only get strange results
3584 * for input which needed normalising, or for the 'odd' century years which
3585 * were leap years in the Julian calander but not in the Gregorian one.
3586 * I can live with that.
3587 *
3588 * This algorithm also fails to handle years before A.D. 1 gracefully, but
3589 * that's still outside the scope for POSIX time manipulation, so I don't
3590 * care.
3591 */
3592
3593 year = 1900 + ptm->tm_year;
3594 month = ptm->tm_mon;
3595 mday = ptm->tm_mday;
3596 /* allow given yday with no month & mday to dominate the result */
3597 if (ptm->tm_yday >= 0 && mday <= 0 && month <= 0) {
3598 month = 0;
3599 mday = 0;
3600 jday = 1 + ptm->tm_yday;
3601 }
3602 else {
3603 jday = 0;
3604 }
3605 if (month >= 2)
3606 month+=2;
3607 else
3608 month+=14, year--;
3609 yearday = DAYS_PER_YEAR * year + year/4 - year/100 + year/400;
3610 yearday += month*MONTH_TO_DAYS + mday + jday;
3611 /*
3612 * Note that we don't know when leap-seconds were or will be,
3613 * so we have to trust the user if we get something which looks
3614 * like a sensible leap-second. Wild values for seconds will
3615 * be rationalised, however.
3616 */
3617 if ((unsigned) ptm->tm_sec <= 60) {
3618 secs = 0;
3619 }
3620 else {
3621 secs = ptm->tm_sec;
3622 ptm->tm_sec = 0;
3623 }
3624 secs += 60 * ptm->tm_min;
3625 secs += SECS_PER_HOUR * ptm->tm_hour;
3626 if (secs < 0) {
3627 if (secs-(secs/SECS_PER_DAY*SECS_PER_DAY) < 0) {
3628 /* got negative remainder, but need positive time */
3629 /* back off an extra day to compensate */
3630 yearday += (secs/SECS_PER_DAY)-1;
3631 secs -= SECS_PER_DAY * (secs/SECS_PER_DAY - 1);
3632 }
3633 else {
3634 yearday += (secs/SECS_PER_DAY);
3635 secs -= SECS_PER_DAY * (secs/SECS_PER_DAY);
3636 }
3637 }
3638 else if (secs >= SECS_PER_DAY) {
3639 yearday += (secs/SECS_PER_DAY);
3640 secs %= SECS_PER_DAY;
3641 }
3642 ptm->tm_hour = secs/SECS_PER_HOUR;
3643 secs %= SECS_PER_HOUR;
3644 ptm->tm_min = secs/60;
3645 secs %= 60;
3646 ptm->tm_sec += secs;
3647 /* done with time of day effects */
3648 /*
3649 * The algorithm for yearday has (so far) left it high by 428.
3650 * To avoid mistaking a legitimate Feb 29 as Mar 1, we need to
3651 * bias it by 123 while trying to figure out what year it
3652 * really represents. Even with this tweak, the reverse
3653 * translation fails for years before A.D. 0001.
3654 * It would still fail for Feb 29, but we catch that one below.
3655 */
3656 jday = yearday; /* save for later fixup vis-a-vis Jan 1 */
3657 yearday -= YEAR_ADJUST;
3658 year = (yearday / DAYS_PER_QCENT) * 400;
3659 yearday %= DAYS_PER_QCENT;
3660 odd_cent = yearday / DAYS_PER_CENT;
3661 year += odd_cent * 100;
3662 yearday %= DAYS_PER_CENT;
3663 year += (yearday / DAYS_PER_QYEAR) * 4;
3664 yearday %= DAYS_PER_QYEAR;
3665 odd_year = yearday / DAYS_PER_YEAR;
3666 year += odd_year;
3667 yearday %= DAYS_PER_YEAR;