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perlfunc.pod grammar fixes
[perl5.git] / t / op / sprintf.t
CommitLineData
8d063cd8
LW
1#!./perl
2
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3# Tests sprintf, excluding handling of 64-bit integers or long
4# doubles (if supported), of machine-specific short and long
5# integers, machine-specific floating point exceptions (infinity,
6# not-a-number ...), of the effects of locale, and of features
169da838 7# specific to multi-byte characters (under the utf8 pragma and such).
8d063cd8 8
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GS
9BEGIN {
10 chdir 't' if -d 't';
20822f61 11 @INC = '../lib';
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12}
13use warnings;
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14# we do not load %Config since this test resides in op and needs
15# to run under the minitest target even without Config.pm working.
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16
17# strictness
18my @tests = ();
19my ($i, $template, $data, $result, $comment, $w, $x, $evalData, $n, $p);
9f1b1f2d 20
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21while (<DATA>) {
22 s/^\s*>//; s/<\s*$//;
23 push @tests, [split(/<\s*>/, $_, 4)];
24}
25
26print '1..', scalar @tests, "\n";
8d063cd8 27
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PP
28$SIG{__WARN__} = sub {
29 if ($_[0] =~ /^Invalid conversion/) {
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30 $w = ' INVALID';
31 } elsif ($_[0] =~ /^Use of uninitialized value/) {
32 $w = ' UNINIT';
fb73857a 33 } else {
65c97e0f 34 warn @_;
fb73857a
PP
35 }
36};
37
8234e14b 38my $Is_VMS_VAX = 0;
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PP
39# We use HW_MODEL since ARCH_NAME was not in VMS V5.*
40if ($^O eq 'VMS') {
41 my $hw_model;
42 chomp($hw_model = `write sys\$output f\$getsyi("HW_MODEL")`);
43 $Is_VMS_VAX = $hw_model < 1024 ? 1 : 0;
8234e14b
PP
44}
45
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JH
46# No %Config.
47my $Is_Ultrix_VAX = $^O eq 'ultrix' && `uname -m` =~ /^VAX$/;
48
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49for ($i = 1; @tests; $i++) {
50 ($template, $data, $result, $comment) = @{shift @tests};
e95e2653 51 if ($^O eq 'os390' || $^O eq 's390') { # non-IEEE (s390 is UTS)
12ebcc11
PP
52 $data =~ s/([eE])96$/${1}63/; # smaller exponents
53 $result =~ s/([eE]\+)102$/${1}69/; # " "
54 $data =~ s/([eE])\-101$/${1}-56/; # larger exponents
55 $result =~ s/([eE])\-102$/${1}-57/; # " "
56 }
eaf637cf
JH
57 if ($Is_VMS_VAX || $Is_Ultrix_VAX) {
58 # VAX DEC C 5.3 at least since there is no
59 # ccflags =~ /float=ieee/ on VAX.
60 # AXP is unaffected whether or not it's using ieee.
8234e14b
PP
61 $data =~ s/([eE])96$/${1}26/; # smaller exponents
62 $result =~ s/([eE]\+)102$/${1}32/; # " "
63 $data =~ s/([eE])\-101$/${1}-24/; # larger exponents
64 $result =~ s/([eE])\-102$/${1}-25/; # " "
65 }
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GS
66 $evalData = eval $data;
67 $w = undef;
68 $x = sprintf(">$template<",
69 defined @$evalData ? @$evalData : $evalData);
70 substr($x, -1, 0) = $w if $w;
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71 # $x may have 3 exponent digits, not 2
72 my $y = $x;
73 if ($y =~ s/([Ee][-+])0(\d)/$1$2/) {
74 # if result is left-adjusted, append extra space
75 if ($template =~ /%\+?\-/ and $result =~ / $/) {
76 $y =~ s/<$/ </;
77 }
78 # if result is zero-filled, add extra zero
79 elsif ($template =~ /%\+?0/ and $result =~ /^0/) {
80 $y =~ s/^>0/>00/;
81 }
82 # if result is right-adjusted, prepend extra space
83 elsif ($result =~ /^ /) {
84 $y =~ s/^>/> /;
85 }
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86 }
87
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88 if ($x eq ">$result<") {
89 print "ok $i\n";
90 }
48237dde 91 elsif ($y eq ">$result<") # Some C libraries always give
65c97e0f 92 { # three-digit exponent
00b6c67e 93 print("ok $i # >$result< $x three-digit exponent accepted\n");
65c97e0f 94 }
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DD
95 elsif ($result =~ /[-+]\d{3}$/ &&
96 # Suppress tests with modulo of exponent >= 100 on platforms
97 # which can't handle such magnitudes (or where we can't tell).
98 ((!eval {require POSIX}) || # Costly: only do this if we must!
99 (length(&POSIX::DBL_MAX) - rindex(&POSIX::DBL_MAX, '+')) == 3))
100 {
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PP
101 print("ok $i # >$template< >$data< >$result<",
102 " Suppressed: exponent out of range?\n")
f7137e37 103 }
be3174d2 104 else {
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105 $y = ($x eq $y ? "" : " => $y");
106 print("not ok $i >$template< >$data< >$result< $x$y",
65c97e0f 107 $comment ? " # $comment\n" : "\n");
fb73857a
PP
108 }
109}
48237dde 110
a6d05634 111# In each of the following lines, there are three required fields:
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112# printf template, data to be formatted (as a Perl expression), and
113# expected result of formatting. An optional fourth field can contain
114# a comment. Each field is delimited by a starting '>' and a
115# finishing '<'; any whitespace outside these start and end marks is
116# not part of the field. If formatting requires more than one data
117# item (for example, if variable field widths are used), the Perl data
118# expression should return a reference to an array having the requisite
119# number of elements. Even so, subterfuge is sometimes required: see
120# tests for %n and %p.
121#
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DD
122# The following tests are not currently run, for the reasons stated:
123
124=pod
125
126=begin problematic
127
128>%.0f< >-0.1< >-0< >C library bug: no minus on VMS, HP-UX<
129>%.0f< >1.5< >2< >Standard vague: no rounding rules<
130>%.0f< >2.5< >2< >Standard vague: no rounding rules<
12ebcc11
PP
131>%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102< >exponent too big for OS/390<
132>%G< >.1234567e-101< >1.23457E-102< >exponent too small for OS/390<
133>%e< >1234567E96< >1.234567e+102< >exponent too big for OS/390<
134>%e< >.1234567E-101< >1.234567e-102< >exponent too small for OS/390<
135>%g< >.1234567E-101< >1.23457e-102< >exponent too small for OS/390<
136>%g< >1234567E96< >1.23457e+102< >exponent too big for OS/390<
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DD
137
138=end problematic
139
140=cut
141
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142# template data result
143__END__
be3174d2 144>%6. 6s< >''< >%6. 6s INVALID< >(See use of $w in code above)<
c2e66d9e 145>%6 .6s< >''< >%6 .6s INVALID<
be3174d2 146>%6.6 s< >''< >%6.6 s INVALID<
c2e66d9e 147>%A< >''< >%A INVALID<
be3174d2
GS
148>%B< >''< >%B INVALID<
149>%C< >''< >%C INVALID<
150>%D< >0x7fffffff< >2147483647< >Synonym for %ld<
151>%E< >123456.789< >1.234568E+05< >Like %e, but using upper-case "E"<
152>%F< >123456.789< >123456.789000< >Synonym for %f<
153>%G< >1234567.89< >1.23457E+06< >Like %g, but using upper-case "E"<
c2e66d9e
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154>%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102<
155>%G< >.1234567e-101< >1.23457E-102<
be3174d2
GS
156>%G< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
157>%H< >''< >%H INVALID<
158>%I< >''< >%I INVALID<
159>%J< >''< >%J INVALID<
160>%K< >''< >%K INVALID<
161>%L< >''< >%L INVALID<
162>%M< >''< >%M INVALID<
163>%N< >''< >%N INVALID<
8234e14b 164>%O< >2**32-1< >37777777777< >Synonym for %lo<
be3174d2
GS
165>%P< >''< >%P INVALID<
166>%Q< >''< >%Q INVALID<
167>%R< >''< >%R INVALID<
168>%S< >''< >%S INVALID<
169>%T< >''< >%T INVALID<
8234e14b 170>%U< >2**32-1< >4294967295< >Synonym for %lu<
be3174d2
GS
171>%V< >''< >%V INVALID<
172>%W< >''< >%W INVALID<
173>%X< >2**32-1< >FFFFFFFF< >Like %x, but with u/c letters<
174>%#X< >2**32-1< >0XFFFFFFFF<
175>%Y< >''< >%Y INVALID<
176>%Z< >''< >%Z INVALID<
177>%a< >''< >%a INVALID<
178>%b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
179>%+b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
180>%#b< >2**32-1< >0b11111111111111111111111111111111<
181>%34b< >2**32-1< > 11111111111111111111111111111111<
182>%034b< >2**32-1< >0011111111111111111111111111111111<
183>%-34b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111 <
184>%-034b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111 <
185>%c< >ord('A')< >A<
186>%10c< >ord('A')< > A<
187>%#10c< >ord('A')< > A< ># modifier: no effect<
188>%010c< >ord('A')< >000000000A<
189>%10lc< >ord('A')< > A< >l modifier: no effect<
190>%10hc< >ord('A')< > A< >h modifier: no effect<
191>%10.5c< >ord('A')< > A< >precision: no effect<
192>%-10c< >ord('A')< >A <
193>%d< >123456.789< >123456<
194>%d< >-123456.789< >-123456<
195>%d< >0< >0<
196>%+d< >0< >+0<
197>%0d< >0< >0<
198>%.0d< >0< ><
199>%+.0d< >0< >+<
200>%.0d< >1< >1<
201>%d< >1< >1<
202>%+d< >1< >+1<
203>%#3.2d< >1< > 01< ># modifier: no effect<
204>%3.2d< >1< > 01<
205>%03.2d< >1< >001<
206>%-3.2d< >1< >01 <
207>%-03.2d< >1< >01 < >zero pad + left just.: no effect<
208>%d< >-1< >-1<
209>%+d< >-1< >-1<
210>%hd< >1< >1< >More extensive testing of<
211>%ld< >1< >1< >length modifiers would be<
212>%Vd< >1< >1< >platform-specific<
213>%vd< >chr(1)< >1<
214>%+vd< >chr(1)< >+1<
215>%#vd< >chr(1)< >1<
216>%vd< >"\01\02\03"< >1.2.3<
217>%v.3d< >"\01\02\03"< >001.002.003<
211dfcf1
HS
218>%0v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >001.002.003<
219>%-v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >1 .2 .3 <
220>%+-v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >+1 .2 .3 <
be3174d2 221>%v4.3d< >"\01\02\03"< > 001. 002. 003<
211dfcf1
HS
222>%0v4.3d< >"\01\02\03"< >0001.0002.0003<
223>%0*v2d< >['-', "\0\7\14"]< >00-07-12<
224>%v.*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >001.002.003<
225>%0v*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >001.002.003<
226>%-v*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >1 .2 .3 <
227>%+-v*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >+1 .2 .3 <
228>%v*.*d< >["\01\02\03", 4, 3]< > 001. 002. 003<
229>%0v*.*d< >["\01\02\03", 4, 3]< >0001.0002.0003<
230>%0*v*d< >['-', "\0\7\13", 2]< >00-07-11<
be3174d2 231>%e< >1234.875< >1.234875e+03<
c2e66d9e
GS
232>%e< >0.000012345< >1.234500e-05<
233>%e< >1234567E96< >1.234567e+102<
234>%e< >0< >0.000000e+00<
235>%e< >.1234567E-101< >1.234567e-102<
be3174d2
GS
236>%+e< >1234.875< >+1.234875e+03<
237>%#e< >1234.875< >1.234875e+03<
238>%e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
239>%+e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
240>%#e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
241>%.0e< >1234.875< >1e+03<
02a4ca6d 242>%#.0e< >1234.875< >1.e+03<
20f6aaab
AS
243>%.0e< >1.875< >2e+00<
244>%.0e< >0.875< >9e-01<
be3174d2
GS
245>%.*e< >[0, 1234.875]< >1e+03<
246>%.1e< >1234.875< >1.2e+03<
247>%-12.4e< >1234.875< >1.2349e+03 <
248>%12.4e< >1234.875< > 1.2349e+03<
249>%+-12.4e< >1234.875< >+1.2349e+03 <
250>%+12.4e< >1234.875< > +1.2349e+03<
251>%+-12.4e< >-1234.875< >-1.2349e+03 <
252>%+12.4e< >-1234.875< > -1.2349e+03<
253>%f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
254>%+f< >1234.875< >+1234.875000<
255>%#f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
256>%f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
257>%+f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
258>%#f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
259>%6f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
260>%*f< >[6, 1234.875]< >1234.875000<
261>%.0f< >1234.875< >1235<
262>%.1f< >1234.875< >1234.9<
263>%-8.1f< >1234.875< >1234.9 <
264>%8.1f< >1234.875< > 1234.9<
265>%+-8.1f< >1234.875< >+1234.9 <
266>%+8.1f< >1234.875< > +1234.9<
267>%+-8.1f< >-1234.875< >-1234.9 <
268>%+8.1f< >-1234.875< > -1234.9<
269>%*.*f< >[5, 2, 12.3456]< >12.35<
c2e66d9e
GS
270>%f< >0< >0.000000<
271>%.0f< >0< >0<
272>%.0f< >2**38< >274877906944< >Should have exact int'l rep'n<
d5365ef1 273>%.0f< >0.1< >0<
20f6aaab
AS
274>%.0f< >0.6< >1< >Known to fail with sfio, (irix|nonstop-ux|powerux); -DHAS_LDBL_SPRINTF_BUG may fix<
275>%.0f< >-0.6< >-1< >Known to fail with sfio, (irix|nonstop-ux|powerux); -DHAS_LDBL_SPRINTF_BUG may fix<
276>%.0f< >1.6< >2<
277>%.0f< >-1.6< >-2<
02a4ca6d
DD
278>%.0f< >1< >1<
279>%#.0f< >1< >1.<
00e17364
HS
280>%.0lf< >1< >1< >'l' should have no effect<
281>%.0hf< >1< >%.0hf INVALID< >'h' should be rejected<
be3174d2
GS
282>%g< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
283>%+g< >12345.6789< >+12345.7<
284>%#g< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
285>%.0g< >12345.6789< >1e+04<
02a4ca6d 286>%#.0g< >12345.6789< >1.e+04<
be3174d2
GS
287>%.2g< >12345.6789< >1.2e+04<
288>%.*g< >[2, 12345.6789]< >1.2e+04<
289>%.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789<
290>%12.9g< >12345.6789< > 12345.6789<
291>%012.9g< >12345.6789< >0012345.6789<
292>%-12.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789 <
293>%*.*g< >[-12, 9, 12345.6789]< >12345.6789 <
294>%-012.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789 <
295>%g< >-12345.6789< >-12345.7<
296>%+g< >-12345.6789< >-12345.7<
297>%g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06<
298>%+g< >1234567.89< >+1.23457e+06<
299>%#g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06<
300>%g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
301>%+g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
302>%#g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
c2e66d9e
GS
303>%g< >0.00012345< >0.00012345<
304>%g< >0.000012345< >1.2345e-05<
305>%g< >1234567E96< >1.23457e+102<
306>%g< >.1234567E-101< >1.23457e-102<
307>%g< >0< >0<
be3174d2
GS
308>%13g< >1234567.89< > 1.23457e+06<
309>%+13g< >1234567.89< > +1.23457e+06<
310>%013g< >1234567.89< >001.23457e+06<
311>%-13g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06 <
312>%h< >''< >%h INVALID<
313>%i< >123456.789< >123456< >Synonym for %d<
314>%j< >''< >%j INVALID<
315>%k< >''< >%k INVALID<
316>%l< >''< >%l INVALID<
317>%m< >''< >%m INVALID<
318>%s< >sprintf('%%n%n %d', $n, $n)< >%n 2< >Slight sneakiness to test %n<
319>%o< >2**32-1< >37777777777<
320>%+o< >2**32-1< >37777777777<
321>%#o< >2**32-1< >037777777777<
8234e14b
PP
322>%o< >642< >1202< >check smaller octals across platforms<
323>%+o< >642< >1202<
324>%#o< >642< >01202<
be3174d2 325>%d< >$p=sprintf('%p',$p);$p=~/^[0-9a-f]+$/< >1< >Coarse hack: hex from %p?<
0dbb1585 326>%d< >$p=sprintf('%-8p',$p);$p=~/^[0-9a-f]+\s*$/< >1< >Coarse hack: hex from %p?<
d5365ef1 327>%#p< >''< >%#p INVALID<
be3174d2
GS
328>%q< >''< >%q INVALID<
329>%r< >''< >%r INVALID<
330>%s< >'string'< >string<
331>%10s< >'string'< > string<
332>%+10s< >'string'< > string<
333>%#10s< >'string'< > string<
334>%010s< >'string'< >0000string<
335>%0*s< >[10, 'string']< >0000string<
336>%-10s< >'string'< >string <
337>%3s< >'string'< >string<
338>%.3s< >'string'< >str<
339>%.*s< >[3, 'string']< >str<
340>%t< >''< >%t INVALID<
341>%u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
342>%+u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
343>%#u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
344>%12u< >2**32-1< > 4294967295<
345>%012u< >2**32-1< >004294967295<
346>%-12u< >2**32-1< >4294967295 <
347>%-012u< >2**32-1< >4294967295 <
348>%v< >''< >%v INVALID<
349>%w< >''< >%w INVALID<
350>%x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff<
351>%+x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff<
352>%#x< >2**32-1< >0xffffffff<
353>%10x< >2**32-1< > ffffffff<
354>%010x< >2**32-1< >00ffffffff<
355>%-10x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
356>%-010x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
357>%0-10x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
358>%0*x< >[-10, ,2**32-1]< >ffffffff <
359>%y< >''< >%y INVALID<
360>%z< >''< >%z INVALID<
eb3fce90
JH
361>%2$d %1$d< >[12, 34]< >34 12<
362>%*2$d< >[12, 3]< > 12<
363>%2$d %d< >[12, 34]< >34 12<
364>%2$d %d %d< >[12, 34]< >34 12 34<
365>%3$d %d %d< >[12, 34, 56]< >56 12 34<
366>%2$*3$d %d< >[12, 34, 3]< > 34 12<
58e33a90 367>%*3$2$d %d< >[12, 34, 3]< >%*3$2$d 12 INVALID<
211dfcf1 368>%2$d< >12< >0 UNINIT<
eb3fce90
JH
369>%0$d< >12< >%0$d INVALID<
370>%1$$d< >12< >%1$$d INVALID<
371>%1$1$d< >12< >%1$1$d INVALID<
372>%*2$*2$d< >[12, 3]< >%*2$*2$d INVALID<
373>%*2*2$d< >[12, 3]< >%*2*2$d INVALID<
8896765a 374>%*2$1d< >[12, 3]< >%*2$1d INVALID<
211dfcf1 375>%0v2.2d< >''< ><
be75b157
HS
376>%vc,%d< >[63, 64, 65]< >?,64<
377>%vd,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >49,2<
378>%vf,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >1.000000,2<
379>%vp< >''< >%vp INVALID<
380>%vs,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >1,2<
381>%v_< >''< >%v_ INVALID<
f3583277 382>%v#x< >''< >%v#x INVALID<
63c6dcc1 383>%v02x< >"foo\012"< >66.6f.6f.0a<
58e33a90
AE
384>%V-%s< >["Hello"]< >%V-Hello INVALID<
385>%K %d %d< >[13, 29]< >%K 13 29 INVALID<
386>%*.*K %d< >[13, 29, 76]< >%*.*K 13 INVALID<
387>%4$K %d< >[45, 67]< >%4$K 45 INVALID<
388>%d %K %d< >[23, 45]< >23 %K 45 INVALID<
3a7a539e 389>%*v*999\$d %d %d< >[11, 22, 33]< >%*v*999\$d 11 22 INVALID<