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make PL_tmps_floor restore consistent
[perl5.git] / pp_sys.c
CommitLineData
a0d0e21e
LW
1/* pp_sys.c
2 *
fdf8c088 3 * Copyright (C) 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003,
1129b882 4 * 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 by Larry Wall and others
a0d0e21e
LW
5 *
6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8 *
9 */
10
11/*
12 * But only a short way ahead its floor and the walls on either side were
13 * cloven by a great fissure, out of which the red glare came, now leaping
14 * up, now dying down into darkness; and all the while far below there was
15 * a rumour and a trouble as of great engines throbbing and labouring.
4ac71550
TC
16 *
17 * [p.945 of _The Lord of the Rings_, VI/iii: "Mount Doom"]
a0d0e21e
LW
18 */
19
166f8a29
DM
20/* This file contains system pp ("push/pop") functions that
21 * execute the opcodes that make up a perl program. A typical pp function
22 * expects to find its arguments on the stack, and usually pushes its
23 * results onto the stack, hence the 'pp' terminology. Each OP structure
24 * contains a pointer to the relevant pp_foo() function.
25 *
26 * By 'system', we mean ops which interact with the OS, such as pp_open().
27 */
28
a0d0e21e 29#include "EXTERN.h"
864dbfa3 30#define PERL_IN_PP_SYS_C
a0d0e21e 31#include "perl.h"
d95a2ea5 32#include "time64.h"
a0d0e21e 33
f1066039
JH
34#ifdef I_SHADOW
35/* Shadow password support for solaris - pdo@cs.umd.edu
36 * Not just Solaris: at least HP-UX, IRIX, Linux.
3813c136
JH
37 * The API is from SysV.
38 *
39 * There are at least two more shadow interfaces,
40 * see the comments in pp_gpwent().
41 *
42 * --jhi */
43# ifdef __hpux__
c529f79d 44/* There is a MAXINT coming from <shadow.h> <- <hpsecurity.h> <- <values.h>
301e8125 45 * and another MAXINT from "perl.h" <- <sys/param.h>. */
3813c136
JH
46# undef MAXINT
47# endif
48# include <shadow.h>
8c0bfa08
PB
49#endif
50
76c32331
PP
51#ifdef I_SYS_RESOURCE
52# include <sys/resource.h>
16d20bd9 53#endif
a0d0e21e 54
2986a63f
JH
55#ifdef NETWARE
56NETDB_DEFINE_CONTEXT
57#endif
58
a0d0e21e 59#ifdef HAS_SELECT
1e743fda
JH
60# ifdef I_SYS_SELECT
61# include <sys/select.h>
62# endif
a0d0e21e 63#endif
a0d0e21e 64
dc45a647
MB
65/* XXX Configure test needed.
66 h_errno might not be a simple 'int', especially for multi-threaded
5ff3f7a4
GS
67 applications, see "extern int errno in perl.h". Creating such
68 a test requires taking into account the differences between
69 compiling multithreaded and singlethreaded ($ccflags et al).
70 HOST_NOT_FOUND is typically defined in <netdb.h>.
dc45a647 71*/
cb50131a 72#if defined(HOST_NOT_FOUND) && !defined(h_errno) && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
a0d0e21e
LW
73extern int h_errno;
74#endif
75
76#ifdef HAS_PASSWD
77# ifdef I_PWD
78# include <pwd.h>
79# else
fd8cd3a3 80# if !defined(VMS)
20ce7b12
GS
81 struct passwd *getpwnam (char *);
82 struct passwd *getpwuid (Uid_t);
fd8cd3a3 83# endif
a0d0e21e 84# endif
28e8609d 85# ifdef HAS_GETPWENT
10bc17b6 86#ifndef getpwent
20ce7b12 87 struct passwd *getpwent (void);
c2a8f790 88#elif defined (VMS) && defined (my_getpwent)
9fa802f3 89 struct passwd *Perl_my_getpwent (pTHX);
10bc17b6 90#endif
28e8609d 91# endif
a0d0e21e
LW
92#endif
93
94#ifdef HAS_GROUP
95# ifdef I_GRP
96# include <grp.h>
97# else
20ce7b12
GS
98 struct group *getgrnam (char *);
99 struct group *getgrgid (Gid_t);
a0d0e21e 100# endif
28e8609d 101# ifdef HAS_GETGRENT
10bc17b6 102#ifndef getgrent
20ce7b12 103 struct group *getgrent (void);
10bc17b6 104#endif
28e8609d 105# endif
a0d0e21e
LW
106#endif
107
108#ifdef I_UTIME
3730b96e 109# if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__MINGW32__)
3fe9a6f1
PP
110# include <sys/utime.h>
111# else
112# include <utime.h>
113# endif
a0d0e21e 114#endif
a0d0e21e 115
cbdc8872 116#ifdef HAS_CHSIZE
cd52b7b2
PP
117# ifdef my_chsize /* Probably #defined to Perl_my_chsize in embed.h */
118# undef my_chsize
119# endif
72cc7e2a 120# define my_chsize PerlLIO_chsize
27da23d5
JH
121#else
122# ifdef HAS_TRUNCATE
123# define my_chsize PerlLIO_chsize
124# else
125I32 my_chsize(int fd, Off_t length);
126# endif
cbdc8872
PP
127#endif
128
ff68c719
PP
129#ifdef HAS_FLOCK
130# define FLOCK flock
131#else /* no flock() */
132
36477c24
PP
133 /* fcntl.h might not have been included, even if it exists, because
134 the current Configure only sets I_FCNTL if it's needed to pick up
135 the *_OK constants. Make sure it has been included before testing
136 the fcntl() locking constants. */
137# if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && !defined(I_FCNTL)
138# include <fcntl.h>
139# endif
140
9d9004a9 141# if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(FCNTL_CAN_LOCK)
ff68c719
PP
142# define FLOCK fcntl_emulate_flock
143# define FCNTL_EMULATE_FLOCK
144# else /* no flock() or fcntl(F_SETLK,...) */
145# ifdef HAS_LOCKF
146# define FLOCK lockf_emulate_flock
147# define LOCKF_EMULATE_FLOCK
148# endif /* lockf */
149# endif /* no flock() or fcntl(F_SETLK,...) */
150
151# ifdef FLOCK
20ce7b12 152 static int FLOCK (int, int);
ff68c719
PP
153
154 /*
155 * These are the flock() constants. Since this sytems doesn't have
156 * flock(), the values of the constants are probably not available.
157 */
158# ifndef LOCK_SH
159# define LOCK_SH 1
160# endif
161# ifndef LOCK_EX
162# define LOCK_EX 2
163# endif
164# ifndef LOCK_NB
165# define LOCK_NB 4
166# endif
167# ifndef LOCK_UN
168# define LOCK_UN 8
169# endif
170# endif /* emulating flock() */
171
172#endif /* no flock() */
55497cff 173
85ab1d1d 174#define ZBTLEN 10
27da23d5 175static const char zero_but_true[ZBTLEN + 1] = "0 but true";
85ab1d1d 176
5ff3f7a4
GS
177#if defined(I_SYS_ACCESS) && !defined(R_OK)
178# include <sys/access.h>
179#endif
180
a4af207c
JH
181#include "reentr.h"
182
9cffb111
OS
183#ifdef __Lynx__
184/* Missing protos on LynxOS */
185void sethostent(int);
186void endhostent(void);
187void setnetent(int);
188void endnetent(void);
189void setprotoent(int);
190void endprotoent(void);
191void setservent(int);
192void endservent(void);
193#endif
194
40262ff4
AB
195#ifdef __amigaos4__
196# include "amigaos4/amigaio.h"
197#endif
198
faee0e31 199#undef PERL_EFF_ACCESS /* EFFective uid/gid ACCESS */
5ff3f7a4
GS
200
201/* F_OK unused: if stat() cannot find it... */
202
d7558cad 203#if !defined(PERL_EFF_ACCESS) && defined(HAS_ACCESS) && defined(EFF_ONLY_OK) && !defined(NO_EFF_ONLY_OK)
c955f117 204 /* Digital UNIX (when the EFF_ONLY_OK gets fixed), UnixWare */
d7558cad 205# define PERL_EFF_ACCESS(p,f) (access((p), (f) | EFF_ONLY_OK))
5ff3f7a4
GS
206#endif
207
d7558cad 208#if !defined(PERL_EFF_ACCESS) && defined(HAS_EACCESS)
3813c136 209# ifdef I_SYS_SECURITY
5ff3f7a4
GS
210# include <sys/security.h>
211# endif
c955f117
JH
212# ifdef ACC_SELF
213 /* HP SecureWare */
d7558cad 214# define PERL_EFF_ACCESS(p,f) (eaccess((p), (f), ACC_SELF))
c955f117
JH
215# else
216 /* SCO */
d7558cad 217# define PERL_EFF_ACCESS(p,f) (eaccess((p), (f)))
c955f117 218# endif
5ff3f7a4
GS
219#endif
220
d7558cad 221#if !defined(PERL_EFF_ACCESS) && defined(HAS_ACCESSX) && defined(ACC_SELF)
c955f117 222 /* AIX */
d7558cad 223# define PERL_EFF_ACCESS(p,f) (accessx((p), (f), ACC_SELF))
5ff3f7a4
GS
224#endif
225
d7558cad
NC
226
227#if !defined(PERL_EFF_ACCESS) && defined(HAS_ACCESS) \
327c3667
GS
228 && (defined(HAS_SETREUID) || defined(HAS_SETRESUID) \
229 || defined(HAS_SETREGID) || defined(HAS_SETRESGID))
5ff3f7a4 230/* The Hard Way. */
327c3667 231STATIC int
7f4774ae 232S_emulate_eaccess(pTHX_ const char* path, Mode_t mode)
ba106d47 233{
c4420975
AL
234 const Uid_t ruid = getuid();
235 const Uid_t euid = geteuid();
236 const Gid_t rgid = getgid();
237 const Gid_t egid = getegid();
5ff3f7a4
GS
238 int res;
239
5ff3f7a4 240#if !defined(HAS_SETREUID) && !defined(HAS_SETRESUID)
cea2e8a9 241 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "switching effective uid is not implemented");
5ff3f7a4
GS
242#else
243#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
244 if (setreuid(euid, ruid))
245#else
246#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
247 if (setresuid(euid, ruid, (Uid_t)-1))
248#endif
249#endif
dcbac5bb 250 /* diag_listed_as: entering effective %s failed */
cea2e8a9 251 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "entering effective uid failed");
5ff3f7a4
GS
252#endif
253
254#if !defined(HAS_SETREGID) && !defined(HAS_SETRESGID)
cea2e8a9 255 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "switching effective gid is not implemented");
5ff3f7a4
GS
256#else
257#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
258 if (setregid(egid, rgid))
259#else
260#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
261 if (setresgid(egid, rgid, (Gid_t)-1))
262#endif
263#endif
dcbac5bb 264 /* diag_listed_as: entering effective %s failed */
cea2e8a9 265 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "entering effective gid failed");
5ff3f7a4
GS
266#endif
267
268 res = access(path, mode);
269
270#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
271 if (setreuid(ruid, euid))
272#else
273#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
274 if (setresuid(ruid, euid, (Uid_t)-1))
275#endif
276#endif
dcbac5bb 277 /* diag_listed_as: leaving effective %s failed */
cea2e8a9 278 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "leaving effective uid failed");
5ff3f7a4
GS
279
280#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
281 if (setregid(rgid, egid))
282#else
283#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
284 if (setresgid(rgid, egid, (Gid_t)-1))
285#endif
286#endif
dcbac5bb 287 /* diag_listed_as: leaving effective %s failed */
cea2e8a9 288 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "leaving effective gid failed");
5ff3f7a4
GS
289
290 return res;
291}
d6864606 292# define PERL_EFF_ACCESS(p,f) (S_emulate_eaccess(aTHX_ (p), (f)))
5ff3f7a4
GS
293#endif
294
a0d0e21e
LW
295PP(pp_backtick)
296{
20b7effb 297 dSP; dTARGET;
760ac839 298 PerlIO *fp;
1b6737cc 299 const char * const tmps = POPpconstx;
f54cb97a 300 const I32 gimme = GIMME_V;
e1ec3a88 301 const char *mode = "r";
54310121 302
a0d0e21e 303 TAINT_PROPER("``");
16fe6d59
GS
304 if (PL_op->op_private & OPpOPEN_IN_RAW)
305 mode = "rb";
306 else if (PL_op->op_private & OPpOPEN_IN_CRLF)
307 mode = "rt";
2fbb330f 308 fp = PerlProc_popen(tmps, mode);
a0d0e21e 309 if (fp) {
11bcd5da 310 const char * const type = Perl_PerlIO_context_layers(aTHX_ NULL);
ac27b0f5
NIS
311 if (type && *type)
312 PerlIO_apply_layers(aTHX_ fp,mode,type);
313
54310121 314 if (gimme == G_VOID) {
96827780
MB
315 char tmpbuf[256];
316 while (PerlIO_read(fp, tmpbuf, sizeof tmpbuf) > 0)
a79db61d 317 NOOP;
54310121
PP
318 }
319 else if (gimme == G_SCALAR) {
d343c3ef 320 ENTER_with_name("backtick");
75af1a9c 321 SAVESPTR(PL_rs);
fa326138 322 PL_rs = &PL_sv_undef;
76f68e9b 323 sv_setpvs(TARG, ""); /* note that this preserves previous buffer */
bd61b366 324 while (sv_gets(TARG, fp, SvCUR(TARG)) != NULL)
a79db61d 325 NOOP;
d343c3ef 326 LEAVE_with_name("backtick");
a0d0e21e 327 XPUSHs(TARG);
aa689395 328 SvTAINTED_on(TARG);
a0d0e21e
LW
329 }
330 else {
a0d0e21e 331 for (;;) {
561b68a9 332 SV * const sv = newSV(79);
bd61b366 333 if (sv_gets(sv, fp, 0) == NULL) {
a0d0e21e
LW
334 SvREFCNT_dec(sv);
335 break;
336 }
6e449a3a 337 mXPUSHs(sv);
a0d0e21e 338 if (SvLEN(sv) - SvCUR(sv) > 20) {
1da4ca5f 339 SvPV_shrink_to_cur(sv);
a0d0e21e 340 }
aa689395 341 SvTAINTED_on(sv);
a0d0e21e
LW
342 }
343 }
2fbb330f 344 STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(PerlProc_pclose(fp));
aa689395 345 TAINT; /* "I believe that this is not gratuitous!" */
a0d0e21e
LW
346 }
347 else {
37038d91 348 STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(-1);
54310121 349 if (gimme == G_SCALAR)
a0d0e21e
LW
350 RETPUSHUNDEF;
351 }
352
353 RETURN;
354}
355
356PP(pp_glob)
357{
358 OP *result;
9426e1a5 359 dSP;
9423a867
FC
360 GV * const gv = (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL) ? NULL : (GV *)POPs;
361
362 PUTBACK;
363
151cea25
FC
364 /* make a copy of the pattern if it is gmagical, to ensure that magic
365 * is called once and only once */
9423a867 366 if (SvGMAGICAL(TOPs)) TOPs = sv_2mortal(newSVsv(TOPs));
9426e1a5 367
fc99edcf 368 tryAMAGICunTARGETlist(iter_amg, (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL));
d1bea3d8
DM
369
370 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
371 /* call Perl-level glob function instead. Stack args are:
9423a867 372 * MARK, wildcard
d1bea3d8
DM
373 * and following OPs should be: gv(CORE::GLOBAL::glob), entersub
374 * */
375 return NORMAL;
376 }
d67594ff 377 if (PL_globhook) {
d67594ff
FC
378 PL_globhook(aTHX);
379 return NORMAL;
380 }
f5284f61 381
71686f12
GS
382 /* Note that we only ever get here if File::Glob fails to load
383 * without at the same time croaking, for some reason, or if
384 * perl was built with PERL_EXTERNAL_GLOB */
385
d343c3ef 386 ENTER_with_name("glob");
a0d0e21e 387
c90c0ff4 388#ifndef VMS
284167a5 389 if (TAINTING_get) {
7bac28a0
PP
390 /*
391 * The external globbing program may use things we can't control,
392 * so for security reasons we must assume the worst.
393 */
394 TAINT;
22c35a8c 395 taint_proper(PL_no_security, "glob");
7bac28a0 396 }
c90c0ff4 397#endif /* !VMS */
7bac28a0 398
3280af22 399 SAVESPTR(PL_last_in_gv); /* We don't want this to be permanent. */
9423a867 400 PL_last_in_gv = gv;
a0d0e21e 401
3280af22 402 SAVESPTR(PL_rs); /* This is not permanent, either. */
84bafc02 403 PL_rs = newSVpvs_flags("\000", SVs_TEMP);
c07a80fd
PP
404#ifndef DOSISH
405#ifndef CSH
6b88bc9c 406 *SvPVX(PL_rs) = '\n';
a0d0e21e 407#endif /* !CSH */
55497cff 408#endif /* !DOSISH */
c07a80fd 409
a0d0e21e 410 result = do_readline();
d343c3ef 411 LEAVE_with_name("glob");
a0d0e21e
LW
412 return result;
413}
414
a0d0e21e
LW
415PP(pp_rcatline)
416{
146174a9 417 PL_last_in_gv = cGVOP_gv;
a0d0e21e
LW
418 return do_readline();
419}
420
421PP(pp_warn)
422{
20b7effb 423 dSP; dMARK;
c5df3096 424 SV *exsv;
06bf62c7 425 STRLEN len;
b59aed67 426 if (SP - MARK > 1) {
a0d0e21e 427 dTARGET;
3280af22 428 do_join(TARG, &PL_sv_no, MARK, SP);
c5df3096 429 exsv = TARG;
a0d0e21e
LW
430 SP = MARK + 1;
431 }
b59aed67 432 else if (SP == MARK) {
c5df3096 433 exsv = &PL_sv_no;
b59aed67 434 EXTEND(SP, 1);
83f957ec 435 SP = MARK + 1;
b59aed67 436 }
a0d0e21e 437 else {
c5df3096 438 exsv = TOPs;
ef5fe392 439 if (SvGMAGICAL(exsv)) exsv = sv_mortalcopy(exsv);
a0d0e21e 440 }
06bf62c7 441
72d74926 442 if (SvROK(exsv) || (SvPV_const(exsv, len), len)) {
c5df3096
Z
443 /* well-formed exception supplied */
444 }
c5df3096 445 else {
eed484f9
DD
446 SV * const errsv = ERRSV;
447 SvGETMAGIC(errsv);
448 if (SvROK(errsv)) {
449 if (SvGMAGICAL(errsv)) {
ef5fe392 450 exsv = sv_newmortal();
eed484f9 451 sv_setsv_nomg(exsv, errsv);
ef5fe392 452 }
eed484f9 453 else exsv = errsv;
ef5fe392 454 }
eed484f9 455 else if (SvPOKp(errsv) ? SvCUR(errsv) : SvNIOKp(errsv)) {
ef5fe392 456 exsv = sv_newmortal();
eed484f9 457 sv_setsv_nomg(exsv, errsv);
ef5fe392
FC
458 sv_catpvs(exsv, "\t...caught");
459 }
460 else {
c5df3096 461 exsv = newSVpvs_flags("Warning: something's wrong", SVs_TEMP);
ef5fe392 462 }
c5df3096 463 }
3b7f69a5
FC
464 if (SvROK(exsv) && !PL_warnhook)
465 Perl_warn(aTHX_ "%"SVf, SVfARG(exsv));
466 else warn_sv(exsv);
a0d0e21e
LW
467 RETSETYES;
468}
469
470PP(pp_die)
471{
20b7effb 472 dSP; dMARK;
c5df3096 473 SV *exsv;
06bf62c7 474 STRLEN len;
96e176bf 475#ifdef VMS
97124ef6
FC
476 VMSISH_HUSHED =
477 VMSISH_HUSHED || (PL_curcop->op_private & OPpHUSH_VMSISH);
96e176bf 478#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
479 if (SP - MARK != 1) {
480 dTARGET;
3280af22 481 do_join(TARG, &PL_sv_no, MARK, SP);
c5df3096 482 exsv = TARG;
a0d0e21e
LW
483 SP = MARK + 1;
484 }
485 else {
c5df3096 486 exsv = TOPs;
a0d0e21e 487 }
c5df3096 488
72d74926 489 if (SvROK(exsv) || (SvPV_const(exsv, len), len)) {
c5df3096
Z
490 /* well-formed exception supplied */
491 }
eed484f9
DD
492 else {
493 SV * const errsv = ERRSV;
8b3945e7 494 SvGETMAGIC(errsv);
eed484f9
DD
495 if (SvROK(errsv)) {
496 exsv = errsv;
497 if (sv_isobject(exsv)) {
498 HV * const stash = SvSTASH(SvRV(exsv));
499 GV * const gv = gv_fetchmethod(stash, "PROPAGATE");
500 if (gv) {
501 SV * const file = sv_2mortal(newSVpv(CopFILE(PL_curcop),0));
502 SV * const line = sv_2mortal(newSVuv(CopLINE(PL_curcop)));
503 EXTEND(SP, 3);
504 PUSHMARK(SP);
505 PUSHs(exsv);
506 PUSHs(file);
507 PUSHs(line);
508 PUTBACK;
509 call_sv(MUTABLE_SV(GvCV(gv)),
510 G_SCALAR|G_EVAL|G_KEEPERR);
511 exsv = sv_mortalcopy(*PL_stack_sp--);
512 }
05423cc9 513 }
4e6ea2c3 514 }
8b3945e7 515 else if (SvPOK(errsv) && SvCUR(errsv)) {
eed484f9
DD
516 exsv = sv_mortalcopy(errsv);
517 sv_catpvs(exsv, "\t...propagated");
518 }
519 else {
520 exsv = newSVpvs_flags("Died", SVs_TEMP);
521 }
c5df3096 522 }
81d52ecd 523 die_sv(exsv);
a25b5927 524 NOT_REACHED; /* NOTREACHED */
263fdd5b 525 return NULL; /* avoid missing return from non-void function warning */
a0d0e21e
LW
526}
527
528/* I/O. */
529
d682515d 530OP *
3e0cb5de 531Perl_tied_method(pTHX_ SV *methname, SV **sp, SV *const sv,
d682515d 532 const MAGIC *const mg, const U32 flags, U32 argc, ...)
6bcca55b 533{
d8ef3a16
DM
534 SV **orig_sp = sp;
535 I32 ret_args;
052a7c76 536 SSize_t extend_size;
d8ef3a16 537
d682515d 538 PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_TIED_METHOD;
6bcca55b
NC
539
540 /* Ensure that our flag bits do not overlap. */
6d59e610
LM
541 STATIC_ASSERT_STMT((TIED_METHOD_MORTALIZE_NOT_NEEDED & G_WANT) == 0);
542 STATIC_ASSERT_STMT((TIED_METHOD_ARGUMENTS_ON_STACK & G_WANT) == 0);
543 STATIC_ASSERT_STMT((TIED_METHOD_SAY & G_WANT) == 0);
6bcca55b 544
d8ef3a16
DM
545 PUTBACK; /* sp is at *foot* of args, so this pops args from old stack */
546 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
052a7c76 547 /* extend for object + args. If argc might wrap/truncate when cast
e9548aa6
DM
548 * to SSize_t and incremented, set to -1, which will trigger a panic in
549 * EXTEND().
550 * The weird way this is written is because g++ is dumb enough to
551 * warn "comparison is always false" on something like:
552 *
553 * sizeof(a) >= sizeof(b) && a >= B_t_MAX -1
554 *
555 * (where the LH condition is false)
556 */
052a7c76 557 extend_size =
e9548aa6 558 (argc > (sizeof(argc) >= sizeof(SSize_t) ? SSize_t_MAX - 1 : argc))
052a7c76
DM
559 ? -1 : (SSize_t)argc + 1;
560 EXTEND(SP, extend_size);
6bcca55b 561 PUSHMARK(sp);
d682515d 562 PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
d8ef3a16
DM
563 if (flags & TIED_METHOD_ARGUMENTS_ON_STACK) {
564 Copy(orig_sp + 2, sp + 1, argc, SV*); /* copy args to new stack */
1a8c1d59 565 sp += argc;
d8ef3a16 566 }
1a8c1d59 567 else if (argc) {
d682515d
NC
568 const U32 mortalize_not_needed
569 = flags & TIED_METHOD_MORTALIZE_NOT_NEEDED;
6bcca55b 570 va_list args;
0d5509eb 571 va_start(args, argc);
6bcca55b
NC
572 do {
573 SV *const arg = va_arg(args, SV *);
574 if(mortalize_not_needed)
575 PUSHs(arg);
576 else
577 mPUSHs(arg);
578 } while (--argc);
579 va_end(args);
580 }
581
582 PUTBACK;
d682515d 583 ENTER_with_name("call_tied_method");
94bc412f
NC
584 if (flags & TIED_METHOD_SAY) {
585 /* local $\ = "\n" */
586 SAVEGENERICSV(PL_ors_sv);
587 PL_ors_sv = newSVpvs("\n");
588 }
3e0cb5de 589 ret_args = call_sv(methname, (flags & G_WANT)|G_METHOD_NAMED);
d8ef3a16
DM
590 SPAGAIN;
591 orig_sp = sp;
592 POPSTACK;
593 SPAGAIN;
594 if (ret_args) { /* copy results back to original stack */
595 EXTEND(sp, ret_args);
596 Copy(orig_sp - ret_args + 1, sp + 1, ret_args, SV*);
597 sp += ret_args;
598 PUTBACK;
599 }
d682515d 600 LEAVE_with_name("call_tied_method");
6bcca55b
NC
601 return NORMAL;
602}
603
d682515d
NC
604#define tied_method0(a,b,c,d) \
605 Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ a,b,c,d,G_SCALAR,0)
606#define tied_method1(a,b,c,d,e) \
607 Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ a,b,c,d,G_SCALAR,1,e)
608#define tied_method2(a,b,c,d,e,f) \
609 Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ a,b,c,d,G_SCALAR,2,e,f)
6bcca55b 610
a0d0e21e
LW
611PP(pp_open)
612{
20b7effb 613 dSP;
a567e93b
NIS
614 dMARK; dORIGMARK;
615 dTARGET;
a0d0e21e 616 SV *sv;
5b468f54 617 IO *io;
5c144d81 618 const char *tmps;
a0d0e21e 619 STRLEN len;
a567e93b 620 bool ok;
a0d0e21e 621
159b6efe 622 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(*++MARK);
c4420975 623
13be902c 624 if (!isGV(gv) && !(SvTYPE(gv) == SVt_PVLV && isGV_with_GP(gv)))
cea2e8a9 625 DIE(aTHX_ PL_no_usym, "filehandle");
abc718f2 626
a79db61d 627 if ((io = GvIOp(gv))) {
a5e1d062 628 const MAGIC *mg;
36477c24 629 IoFLAGS(GvIOp(gv)) &= ~IOf_UNTAINT;
853846ea 630
a2a5de95 631 if (IoDIRP(io))
d1d15184 632 Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN2(WARN_IO, WARN_DEPRECATED),
d0c0e7dd
FC
633 "Opening dirhandle %"HEKf" also as a file",
634 HEKfARG(GvENAME_HEK(gv)));
abc718f2 635
ad64d0ec 636 mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
c4420975
AL
637 if (mg) {
638 /* Method's args are same as ours ... */
639 /* ... except handle is replaced by the object */
3e0cb5de 640 return Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ SV_CONST(OPEN), mark - 1, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg,
d682515d
NC
641 G_SCALAR | TIED_METHOD_ARGUMENTS_ON_STACK,
642 sp - mark);
c4420975 643 }
4592e6ca
NIS
644 }
645
a567e93b
NIS
646 if (MARK < SP) {
647 sv = *++MARK;
648 }
649 else {
35a08ec7 650 sv = GvSVn(gv);
a567e93b
NIS
651 }
652
5c144d81 653 tmps = SvPV_const(sv, len);
d5eb9a46 654 ok = do_open6(gv, tmps, len, NULL, MARK+1, (SP-MARK));
a567e93b
NIS
655 SP = ORIGMARK;
656 if (ok)
3280af22
NIS
657 PUSHi( (I32)PL_forkprocess );
658 else if (PL_forkprocess == 0) /* we are a new child */
a0d0e21e
LW
659 PUSHi(0);
660 else
661 RETPUSHUNDEF;
662 RETURN;
663}
664
665PP(pp_close)
666{
20b7effb 667 dSP;
30901a8a
FC
668 GV * const gv =
669 MAXARG == 0 || (!TOPs && !POPs) ? PL_defoutgv : MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
1d603a67 670
2addaaf3
NC
671 if (MAXARG == 0)
672 EXTEND(SP, 1);
673
a79db61d
AL
674 if (gv) {
675 IO * const io = GvIO(gv);
676 if (io) {
a5e1d062 677 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d 678 if (mg) {
3e0cb5de 679 return tied_method0(SV_CONST(CLOSE), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg);
a79db61d
AL
680 }
681 }
1d603a67 682 }
54310121 683 PUSHs(boolSV(do_close(gv, TRUE)));
a0d0e21e
LW
684 RETURN;
685}
686
687PP(pp_pipe_op)
688{
a0d0e21e 689#ifdef HAS_PIPE
9cad6237 690 dSP;
eb578fdb
KW
691 IO *rstio;
692 IO *wstio;
a0d0e21e
LW
693 int fd[2];
694
159b6efe
NC
695 GV * const wgv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
696 GV * const rgv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
a0d0e21e 697
a0d0e21e 698 rstio = GvIOn(rgv);
a0d0e21e
LW
699 if (IoIFP(rstio))
700 do_close(rgv, FALSE);
49225470
DD
701
702 wstio = GvIOn(wgv);
a0d0e21e
LW
703 if (IoIFP(wstio))
704 do_close(wgv, FALSE);
705
6ad3d225 706 if (PerlProc_pipe(fd) < 0)
a0d0e21e
LW
707 goto badexit;
708
460c8493
IZ
709 IoIFP(rstio) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[0], "r"PIPE_OPEN_MODE);
710 IoOFP(wstio) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[1], "w"PIPE_OPEN_MODE);
b5ac89c3 711 IoOFP(rstio) = IoIFP(rstio);
a0d0e21e 712 IoIFP(wstio) = IoOFP(wstio);
50952442
JH
713 IoTYPE(rstio) = IoTYPE_RDONLY;
714 IoTYPE(wstio) = IoTYPE_WRONLY;
a0d0e21e
LW
715
716 if (!IoIFP(rstio) || !IoOFP(wstio)) {
a79db61d
AL
717 if (IoIFP(rstio))
718 PerlIO_close(IoIFP(rstio));
719 else
720 PerlLIO_close(fd[0]);
721 if (IoOFP(wstio))
722 PerlIO_close(IoOFP(wstio));
723 else
724 PerlLIO_close(fd[1]);
a0d0e21e
LW
725 goto badexit;
726 }
131d45a9 727#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD) && defined(FD_CLOEXEC)
375ed12a 728 /* ensure close-on-exec */
131d45a9
JH
729 if ((fd[0] > PL_maxsysfd && fcntl(fd[0], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) < 0) ||
730 (fd[1] > PL_maxsysfd && fcntl(fd[1], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) < 0))
375ed12a 731 goto badexit;
4771b018 732#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
733 RETPUSHYES;
734
7b52d656 735 badexit:
a0d0e21e
LW
736 RETPUSHUNDEF;
737#else
cea2e8a9 738 DIE(aTHX_ PL_no_func, "pipe");
a0d0e21e
LW
739#endif
740}
741
742PP(pp_fileno)
743{
20b7effb 744 dSP; dTARGET;
a0d0e21e
LW
745 GV *gv;
746 IO *io;
760ac839 747 PerlIO *fp;
a5e1d062 748 const MAGIC *mg;
4592e6ca 749
a0d0e21e
LW
750 if (MAXARG < 1)
751 RETPUSHUNDEF;
159b6efe 752 gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
9c9f25b8 753 io = GvIO(gv);
4592e6ca 754
9c9f25b8 755 if (io
ad64d0ec 756 && (mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar)))
5b468f54 757 {
3e0cb5de 758 return tied_method0(SV_CONST(FILENO), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg);
4592e6ca
NIS
759 }
760
67f2cc75
AC
761 if (io && IoDIRP(io)) {
762#if defined(HAS_DIRFD) || defined(HAS_DIR_DD_FD)
763 PUSHi(my_dirfd(IoDIRP(io)));
764 RETURN;
765#elif defined(ENOTSUP)
766 errno = ENOTSUP; /* Operation not supported */
767 RETPUSHUNDEF;
768#elif defined(EOPNOTSUPP)
769 errno = EOPNOTSUPP; /* Operation not supported on socket */
770 RETPUSHUNDEF;
771#else
772 errno = EINVAL; /* Invalid argument */
773 RETPUSHUNDEF;
774#endif
775 }
776
9c9f25b8 777 if (!io || !(fp = IoIFP(io))) {
c289d2f7
JH
778 /* Can't do this because people seem to do things like
779 defined(fileno($foo)) to check whether $foo is a valid fh.
51087808
NC
780
781 report_evil_fh(gv);
c289d2f7 782 */
a0d0e21e 783 RETPUSHUNDEF;
c289d2f7
JH
784 }
785
760ac839 786 PUSHi(PerlIO_fileno(fp));
a0d0e21e
LW
787 RETURN;
788}
789
790PP(pp_umask)
791{
27da23d5 792 dSP;
d7e492a4 793#ifdef HAS_UMASK
27da23d5 794 dTARGET;
761237fe 795 Mode_t anum;
a0d0e21e 796
58536d15 797 if (MAXARG < 1 || (!TOPs && !POPs)) {
b0b546b3
GA
798 anum = PerlLIO_umask(022);
799 /* setting it to 022 between the two calls to umask avoids
800 * to have a window where the umask is set to 0 -- meaning
801 * that another thread could create world-writeable files. */
802 if (anum != 022)
803 (void)PerlLIO_umask(anum);
a0d0e21e
LW
804 }
805 else
6ad3d225 806 anum = PerlLIO_umask(POPi);
a0d0e21e
LW
807 TAINT_PROPER("umask");
808 XPUSHi(anum);
809#else
a0288114 810 /* Only DIE if trying to restrict permissions on "user" (self).
eec2d3df
GS
811 * Otherwise it's harmless and more useful to just return undef
812 * since 'group' and 'other' concepts probably don't exist here. */
58536d15 813 if (MAXARG >= 1 && (TOPs||POPs) && (POPi & 0700))
cea2e8a9 814 DIE(aTHX_ "umask not implemented");
6b88bc9c 815 XPUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
a0d0e21e
LW
816#endif
817 RETURN;
818}
819
820PP(pp_binmode)
821{
20b7effb 822 dSP;
a0d0e21e
LW
823 GV *gv;
824 IO *io;
760ac839 825 PerlIO *fp;
a0714e2c 826 SV *discp = NULL;
a0d0e21e
LW
827
828 if (MAXARG < 1)
829 RETPUSHUNDEF;
60382766 830 if (MAXARG > 1) {
16fe6d59 831 discp = POPs;
60382766 832 }
a0d0e21e 833
159b6efe 834 gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
9c9f25b8 835 io = GvIO(gv);
4592e6ca 836
9c9f25b8 837 if (io) {
a5e1d062 838 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d 839 if (mg) {
bc0c81ca
NC
840 /* This takes advantage of the implementation of the varargs
841 function, which I don't think that the optimiser will be able to
842 figure out. Although, as it's a static function, in theory it
843 could. */
3e0cb5de 844 return Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ SV_CONST(BINMODE), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg,
d682515d
NC
845 G_SCALAR|TIED_METHOD_MORTALIZE_NOT_NEEDED,
846 discp ? 1 : 0, discp);
a79db61d 847 }
4592e6ca 848 }
a0d0e21e 849
9c9f25b8 850 if (!io || !(fp = IoIFP(io))) {
51087808 851 report_evil_fh(gv);
b5fe5ca2 852 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
50f846a7
SC
853 RETPUSHUNDEF;
854 }
a0d0e21e 855
40d98b49 856 PUTBACK;
f0a78170 857 {
a79b25b7
VP
858 STRLEN len = 0;
859 const char *d = NULL;
860 int mode;
861 if (discp)
862 d = SvPV_const(discp, len);
863 mode = mode_from_discipline(d, len);
f0a78170
NC
864 if (PerlIO_binmode(aTHX_ fp, IoTYPE(io), mode, d)) {
865 if (IoOFP(io) && IoOFP(io) != IoIFP(io)) {
866 if (!PerlIO_binmode(aTHX_ IoOFP(io), IoTYPE(io), mode, d)) {
867 SPAGAIN;
868 RETPUSHUNDEF;
869 }
870 }
871 SPAGAIN;
872 RETPUSHYES;
873 }
874 else {
875 SPAGAIN;
876 RETPUSHUNDEF;
38af81ff 877 }
40d98b49 878 }
a0d0e21e
LW
879}
880
881PP(pp_tie)
882{
20b7effb 883 dSP; dMARK;
a0d0e21e 884 HV* stash;
07822e36 885 GV *gv = NULL;
a0d0e21e 886 SV *sv;
1df70142 887 const I32 markoff = MARK - PL_stack_base;
e1ec3a88 888 const char *methname;
14befaf4 889 int how = PERL_MAGIC_tied;
e336de0d 890 U32 items;
c4420975 891 SV *varsv = *++MARK;
a0d0e21e 892
6b05c17a
NIS
893 switch(SvTYPE(varsv)) {
894 case SVt_PVHV:
aec0c0cc
FC
895 {
896 HE *entry;
6b05c17a 897 methname = "TIEHASH";
aec0c0cc
FC
898 if (HvLAZYDEL(varsv) && (entry = HvEITER((HV *)varsv))) {
899 HvLAZYDEL_off(varsv);
900 hv_free_ent((HV *)varsv, entry);
901 }
85fbaab2 902 HvEITER_set(MUTABLE_HV(varsv), 0);
6b05c17a 903 break;
aec0c0cc 904 }
6b05c17a
NIS
905 case SVt_PVAV:
906 methname = "TIEARRAY";
ce65bc73
FC
907 if (!AvREAL(varsv)) {
908 if (!AvREIFY(varsv))
909 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Cannot tie unreifiable array");
910 av_clear((AV *)varsv);
911 AvREIFY_off(varsv);
912 AvREAL_on(varsv);
913 }
6b05c17a
NIS
914 break;
915 case SVt_PVGV:
13be902c 916 case SVt_PVLV:
8bb5f786 917 if (isGV_with_GP(varsv) && !SvFAKE(varsv)) {
6e592b3a
BM
918 methname = "TIEHANDLE";
919 how = PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar;
920 /* For tied filehandles, we apply tiedscalar magic to the IO
921 slot of the GP rather than the GV itself. AMS 20010812 */
922 if (!GvIOp(varsv))
923 GvIOp(varsv) = newIO();
ad64d0ec 924 varsv = MUTABLE_SV(GvIOp(varsv));
6e592b3a
BM
925 break;
926 }
13733cde
FC
927 if (SvTYPE(varsv) == SVt_PVLV && LvTYPE(varsv) == 'y') {
928 vivify_defelem(varsv);
929 varsv = LvTARG(varsv);
930 }
924ba076 931 /* FALLTHROUGH */
6b05c17a
NIS
932 default:
933 methname = "TIESCALAR";
14befaf4 934 how = PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar;
6b05c17a
NIS
935 break;
936 }
e336de0d 937 items = SP - MARK++;
a91d1d42 938 if (sv_isobject(*MARK)) { /* Calls GET magic. */
d343c3ef 939 ENTER_with_name("call_TIE");
e788e7d3 940 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
e336de0d 941 PUSHMARK(SP);
eb160463 942 EXTEND(SP,(I32)items);
e336de0d
GS
943 while (items--)
944 PUSHs(*MARK++);
945 PUTBACK;
864dbfa3 946 call_method(methname, G_SCALAR);
301e8125 947 }
6b05c17a 948 else {
086d2913
NC
949 /* Can't use call_method here, else this: fileno FOO; tie @a, "FOO"
950 * will attempt to invoke IO::File::TIEARRAY, with (best case) the
951 * wrong error message, and worse case, supreme action at a distance.
952 * (Sorry obfuscation writers. You're not going to be given this one.)
6b05c17a 953 */
4886938f
BF
954 stash = gv_stashsv(*MARK, 0);
955 if (!stash || !(gv = gv_fetchmethod(stash, methname))) {
35c1215d 956 DIE(aTHX_ "Can't locate object method \"%s\" via package \"%"SVf"\"",
a91d1d42 957 methname, SVfARG(SvOK(*MARK) ? *MARK : &PL_sv_no));
6b05c17a 958 }
d343c3ef 959 ENTER_with_name("call_TIE");
e788e7d3 960 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
e336de0d 961 PUSHMARK(SP);
eb160463 962 EXTEND(SP,(I32)items);
e336de0d
GS
963 while (items--)
964 PUSHs(*MARK++);
965 PUTBACK;
ad64d0ec 966 call_sv(MUTABLE_SV(GvCV(gv)), G_SCALAR);
6b05c17a 967 }
a0d0e21e
LW
968 SPAGAIN;
969
970 sv = TOPs;
d3acc0f7 971 POPSTACK;
a0d0e21e 972 if (sv_isobject(sv)) {
33c27489 973 sv_unmagic(varsv, how);
ae21d580 974 /* Croak if a self-tie on an aggregate is attempted. */
b881518d 975 if (varsv == SvRV(sv) &&
d87ebaca
YST
976 (SvTYPE(varsv) == SVt_PVAV ||
977 SvTYPE(varsv) == SVt_PVHV))
ae21d580
JH
978 Perl_croak(aTHX_
979 "Self-ties of arrays and hashes are not supported");
a0714e2c 980 sv_magic(varsv, (SvRV(sv) == varsv ? NULL : sv), how, NULL, 0);
a0d0e21e 981 }
d343c3ef 982 LEAVE_with_name("call_TIE");
3280af22 983 SP = PL_stack_base + markoff;
a0d0e21e
LW
984 PUSHs(sv);
985 RETURN;
986}
987
b1c05ba5
DM
988
989/* also used for: pp_dbmclose() */
990
a0d0e21e
LW
991PP(pp_untie)
992{
20b7effb 993 dSP;
5b468f54 994 MAGIC *mg;
33c27489 995 SV *sv = POPs;
1df70142 996 const char how = (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVHV || SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVAV)
14befaf4 997 ? PERL_MAGIC_tied : PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar;
55497cff 998
ca0d4ed9 999 if (isGV_with_GP(sv) && !SvFAKE(sv) && !(sv = MUTABLE_SV(GvIOp(sv))))
5b468f54
AMS
1000 RETPUSHYES;
1001
13733cde
FC
1002 if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVLV && LvTYPE(sv) == 'y' &&
1003 !(sv = defelem_target(sv, NULL))) RETPUSHUNDEF;
1004
65eba18f 1005 if ((mg = SvTIED_mg(sv, how))) {
1b6737cc 1006 SV * const obj = SvRV(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
fa2b88e0 1007 if (obj) {
c4420975 1008 GV * const gv = gv_fetchmethod_autoload(SvSTASH(obj), "UNTIE", FALSE);
0bd48802 1009 CV *cv;
c4420975 1010 if (gv && isGV(gv) && (cv = GvCV(gv))) {
fa2b88e0 1011 PUSHMARK(SP);
c33ef3ac 1012 PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(MUTABLE_SV(gv), mg));
6e449a3a 1013 mXPUSHi(SvREFCNT(obj) - 1);
fa2b88e0 1014 PUTBACK;
d343c3ef 1015 ENTER_with_name("call_UNTIE");
ad64d0ec 1016 call_sv(MUTABLE_SV(cv), G_VOID);
d343c3ef 1017 LEAVE_with_name("call_UNTIE");
fa2b88e0
JS
1018 SPAGAIN;
1019 }
a2a5de95
NC
1020 else if (mg && SvREFCNT(obj) > 1) {
1021 Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_UNTIE),
1022 "untie attempted while %"UVuf" inner references still exist",
1023 (UV)SvREFCNT(obj) - 1 ) ;
c4420975 1024 }
cbdc8872
PP
1025 }
1026 }
38193a09 1027 sv_unmagic(sv, how) ;
55497cff 1028 RETPUSHYES;
a0d0e21e
LW
1029}
1030
c07a80fd
PP
1031PP(pp_tied)
1032{
39644a26 1033 dSP;
1b6737cc 1034 const MAGIC *mg;
b3cf4821 1035 dTOPss;
1df70142 1036 const char how = (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVHV || SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVAV)
14befaf4 1037 ? PERL_MAGIC_tied : PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar;
5b468f54 1038
4be76e1f 1039 if (isGV_with_GP(sv) && !SvFAKE(sv) && !(sv = MUTABLE_SV(GvIOp(sv))))
b3cf4821 1040 goto ret_undef;
c07a80fd 1041
13733cde 1042 if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVLV && LvTYPE(sv) == 'y' &&
b3cf4821 1043 !(sv = defelem_target(sv, NULL))) goto ret_undef;
13733cde 1044
155aba94 1045 if ((mg = SvTIED_mg(sv, how))) {
b3cf4821
DD
1046 SETs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
1047 return NORMAL; /* PUTBACK not needed, pp_tied never moves SP */
c07a80fd 1048 }
b3cf4821
DD
1049 ret_undef:
1050 SETs(&PL_sv_undef);
1051 return NORMAL;
c07a80fd
PP
1052}
1053
a0d0e21e
LW
1054PP(pp_dbmopen)
1055{
20b7effb 1056 dSP;
a0d0e21e
LW
1057 dPOPPOPssrl;
1058 HV* stash;
07822e36 1059 GV *gv = NULL;
a0d0e21e 1060
85fbaab2 1061 HV * const hv = MUTABLE_HV(POPs);
84bafc02 1062 SV * const sv = newSVpvs_flags("AnyDBM_File", SVs_TEMP);
da51bb9b 1063 stash = gv_stashsv(sv, 0);
8ebc5c01 1064 if (!stash || !(gv = gv_fetchmethod(stash, "TIEHASH"))) {
a0d0e21e 1065 PUTBACK;
864dbfa3 1066 require_pv("AnyDBM_File.pm");
a0d0e21e 1067 SPAGAIN;
eff494dd 1068 if (!stash || !(gv = gv_fetchmethod(stash, "TIEHASH")))
cea2e8a9 1069 DIE(aTHX_ "No dbm on this machine");
a0d0e21e
LW
1070 }
1071
57d3b86d 1072 ENTER;
924508f0 1073 PUSHMARK(SP);
6b05c17a 1074
924508f0 1075 EXTEND(SP, 5);
a0d0e21e
LW
1076 PUSHs(sv);
1077 PUSHs(left);
1078 if (SvIV(right))
6e449a3a 1079 mPUSHu(O_RDWR|O_CREAT);
a0d0e21e 1080 else
480e0d3c 1081 {
6e449a3a 1082 mPUSHu(O_RDWR);
480e0d3c
FC
1083 if (!SvOK(right)) right = &PL_sv_no;
1084 }
a0d0e21e 1085 PUSHs(right);
57d3b86d 1086 PUTBACK;
ad64d0ec 1087 call_sv(MUTABLE_SV(GvCV(gv)), G_SCALAR);
a0d0e21e
LW
1088 SPAGAIN;
1089
1090 if (!sv_isobject(TOPs)) {
924508f0
GS
1091 SP--;
1092 PUSHMARK(SP);
a0d0e21e
LW
1093 PUSHs(sv);
1094 PUSHs(left);
6e449a3a 1095 mPUSHu(O_RDONLY);
a0d0e21e 1096 PUSHs(right);
a0d0e21e 1097 PUTBACK;
ad64d0ec 1098 call_sv(MUTABLE_SV(GvCV(gv)), G_SCALAR);
a0d0e21e 1099 SPAGAIN;
4b523e79
DD
1100 if (sv_isobject(TOPs))
1101 goto retie;
a0d0e21e 1102 }
4b523e79
DD
1103 else {
1104 retie:
ad64d0ec
NC
1105 sv_unmagic(MUTABLE_SV(hv), PERL_MAGIC_tied);
1106 sv_magic(MUTABLE_SV(hv), TOPs, PERL_MAGIC_tied, NULL, 0);
6b05c17a 1107 }
a0d0e21e
LW
1108 LEAVE;
1109 RETURN;
1110}
1111
a0d0e21e
LW
1112PP(pp_sselect)
1113{
a0d0e21e 1114#ifdef HAS_SELECT
20b7effb 1115 dSP; dTARGET;
eb578fdb
KW
1116 I32 i;
1117 I32 j;
1118 char *s;
1119 SV *sv;
65202027 1120 NV value;
a0d0e21e
LW
1121 I32 maxlen = 0;
1122 I32 nfound;
1123 struct timeval timebuf;
1124 struct timeval *tbuf = &timebuf;
1125 I32 growsize;
1126 char *fd_sets[4];
1127#if BYTEORDER != 0x1234 && BYTEORDER != 0x12345678
1128 I32 masksize;
1129 I32 offset;
1130 I32 k;
1131
1132# if BYTEORDER & 0xf0000
1133# define ORDERBYTE (0x88888888 - BYTEORDER)
1134# else
1135# define ORDERBYTE (0x4444 - BYTEORDER)
1136# endif
1137
1138#endif
1139
1140 SP -= 4;
1141 for (i = 1; i <= 3; i++) {
c4420975 1142 SV * const sv = SP[i];
9d6d5a79 1143 SvGETMAGIC(sv);
15547071
GA
1144 if (!SvOK(sv))
1145 continue;
ba3062ae
FC
1146 if (SvREADONLY(sv)) {
1147 if (!(SvPOK(sv) && SvCUR(sv) == 0))
cb077ed2 1148 Perl_croak_no_modify();
ba3062ae
FC
1149 }
1150 else if (SvIsCOW(sv)) sv_force_normal_flags(sv, 0);
4ef2275c 1151 if (!SvPOK(sv)) {
9d6d5a79
FC
1152 if (!SvPOKp(sv))
1153 Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_MISC),
1154 "Non-string passed as bitmask");
1155 SvPV_force_nomg_nolen(sv); /* force string conversion */
4ef2275c 1156 }
729c079f 1157 j = SvCUR(sv);
a0d0e21e
LW
1158 if (maxlen < j)
1159 maxlen = j;
1160 }
1161
5ff3f7a4 1162/* little endians can use vecs directly */
e366b469 1163#if BYTEORDER != 0x1234 && BYTEORDER != 0x12345678
5ff3f7a4 1164# ifdef NFDBITS
a0d0e21e 1165
5ff3f7a4
GS
1166# ifndef NBBY
1167# define NBBY 8
1168# endif
a0d0e21e
LW
1169
1170 masksize = NFDBITS / NBBY;
5ff3f7a4 1171# else
a0d0e21e 1172 masksize = sizeof(long); /* documented int, everyone seems to use long */
5ff3f7a4 1173# endif
a0d0e21e
LW
1174 Zero(&fd_sets[0], 4, char*);
1175#endif
1176
ad517f75
MHM
1177# if SELECT_MIN_BITS == 1
1178 growsize = sizeof(fd_set);
1179# else
1180# if defined(__GLIBC__) && defined(__FD_SETSIZE)
1181# undef SELECT_MIN_BITS
1182# define SELECT_MIN_BITS __FD_SETSIZE
1183# endif
e366b469
PG
1184 /* If SELECT_MIN_BITS is greater than one we most probably will want
1185 * to align the sizes with SELECT_MIN_BITS/8 because for example
1186 * in many little-endian (Intel, Alpha) systems (Linux, OS/2, Digital
f05550c0 1187 * UNIX, Solaris, Darwin) the smallest quantum select() operates
e366b469
PG
1188 * on (sets/tests/clears bits) is 32 bits. */
1189 growsize = maxlen + (SELECT_MIN_BITS/8 - (maxlen % (SELECT_MIN_BITS/8)));
e366b469
PG
1190# endif
1191
a0d0e21e 1192 sv = SP[4];
90eaaf02 1193 SvGETMAGIC(sv);
a0d0e21e 1194 if (SvOK(sv)) {
90eaaf02 1195 value = SvNV_nomg(sv);
a0d0e21e
LW
1196 if (value < 0.0)
1197 value = 0.0;
1198 timebuf.tv_sec = (long)value;
65202027 1199 value -= (NV)timebuf.tv_sec;
a0d0e21e
LW
1200 timebuf.tv_usec = (long)(value * 1000000.0);
1201 }
1202 else
4608196e 1203 tbuf = NULL;
a0d0e21e
LW
1204
1205 for (i = 1; i <= 3; i++) {
1206 sv = SP[i];
15547071 1207 if (!SvOK(sv) || SvCUR(sv) == 0) {
a0d0e21e
LW
1208 fd_sets[i] = 0;
1209 continue;
1210 }
4ef2275c 1211 assert(SvPOK(sv));
a0d0e21e
LW
1212 j = SvLEN(sv);
1213 if (j < growsize) {
1214 Sv_Grow(sv, growsize);
a0d0e21e 1215 }
c07a80fd
PP
1216 j = SvCUR(sv);
1217 s = SvPVX(sv) + j;
1218 while (++j <= growsize) {
1219 *s++ = '\0';
1220 }
1221
a0d0e21e
LW
1222#if BYTEORDER != 0x1234 && BYTEORDER != 0x12345678
1223 s = SvPVX(sv);
a02a5408 1224 Newx(fd_sets[i], growsize, char);
a0d0e21e
LW
1225 for (offset = 0; offset < growsize; offset += masksize) {
1226 for (j = 0, k=ORDERBYTE; j < masksize; j++, (k >>= 4))
1227 fd_sets[i][j+offset] = s[(k % masksize) + offset];
1228 }
1229#else
1230 fd_sets[i] = SvPVX(sv);
1231#endif
1232 }
1233
dc4c69d9
JH
1234#ifdef PERL_IRIX5_SELECT_TIMEVAL_VOID_CAST
1235 /* Can't make just the (void*) conditional because that would be
1236 * cpp #if within cpp macro, and not all compilers like that. */
1237 nfound = PerlSock_select(
1238 maxlen * 8,
1239 (Select_fd_set_t) fd_sets[1],
1240 (Select_fd_set_t) fd_sets[2],
1241 (Select_fd_set_t) fd_sets[3],
1242 (void*) tbuf); /* Workaround for compiler bug. */
1243#else
6ad3d225 1244 nfound = PerlSock_select(
a0d0e21e
LW
1245 maxlen * 8,
1246 (Select_fd_set_t) fd_sets[1],
1247 (Select_fd_set_t) fd_sets[2],
1248 (Select_fd_set_t) fd_sets[3],
1249 tbuf);
dc4c69d9 1250#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
1251 for (i = 1; i <= 3; i++) {
1252 if (fd_sets[i]) {
1253 sv = SP[i];
1254#if BYTEORDER != 0x1234 && BYTEORDER != 0x12345678
1255 s = SvPVX(sv);
1256 for (offset = 0; offset < growsize; offset += masksize) {
1257 for (j = 0, k=ORDERBYTE; j < masksize; j++, (k >>= 4))
1258 s[(k % masksize) + offset] = fd_sets[i][j+offset];
1259 }
1260 Safefree(fd_sets[i]);
1261#endif
1262 SvSETMAGIC(sv);
1263 }
1264 }
1265
4189264e 1266 PUSHi(nfound);
82334630 1267 if (GIMME_V == G_ARRAY && tbuf) {
65202027
DS
1268 value = (NV)(timebuf.tv_sec) +
1269 (NV)(timebuf.tv_usec) / 1000000.0;
6e449a3a 1270 mPUSHn(value);
a0d0e21e
LW
1271 }
1272 RETURN;
1273#else
cea2e8a9 1274 DIE(aTHX_ "select not implemented");
a0d0e21e
LW
1275#endif
1276}
1277
8226a3d7 1278/*
dcccc8ff
KW
1279
1280=head1 GV Functions
1281
8226a3d7
NC
1282=for apidoc setdefout
1283
796b6530
KW
1284Sets C<PL_defoutgv>, the default file handle for output, to the passed in
1285typeglob. As C<PL_defoutgv> "owns" a reference on its typeglob, the reference
8226a3d7 1286count of the passed in typeglob is increased by one, and the reference count
796b6530 1287of the typeglob that C<PL_defoutgv> points to is decreased by one.
8226a3d7
NC
1288
1289=cut
1290*/
1291
4633a7c4 1292void
864dbfa3 1293Perl_setdefout(pTHX_ GV *gv)
4633a7c4 1294{
9a9bb270
FC
1295 PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_SETDEFOUT;
1296 SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN(gv);
ef8d46e8 1297 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_defoutgv);
3280af22 1298 PL_defoutgv = gv;
4633a7c4
LW
1299}
1300
a0d0e21e
LW
1301PP(pp_select)
1302{
20b7effb 1303 dSP; dTARGET;
4633a7c4 1304 HV *hv;
159b6efe 1305 GV * const newdefout = (PL_op->op_private > 0) ? (MUTABLE_GV(POPs)) : NULL;
099be4f1 1306 GV * egv = GvEGVx(PL_defoutgv);
0df2568b 1307 GV * const *gvp;
4633a7c4 1308
4633a7c4 1309 if (!egv)
3280af22 1310 egv = PL_defoutgv;
099be4f1 1311 hv = isGV_with_GP(egv) ? GvSTASH(egv) : NULL;
0df2568b 1312 gvp = hv && HvENAME(hv)
204263bc
FC
1313 ? (GV**)hv_fetch(hv, GvNAME(egv), HEK_UTF8(GvNAME_HEK(egv)) ? -GvNAMELEN(egv) : GvNAMELEN(egv), FALSE)
1314 : NULL;
0df2568b 1315 if (gvp && *gvp == egv) {
bd61b366 1316 gv_efullname4(TARG, PL_defoutgv, NULL, TRUE);
f86702cc 1317 XPUSHTARG;
0df2568b
FC
1318 }
1319 else {
ad64d0ec 1320 mXPUSHs(newRV(MUTABLE_SV(egv)));
4633a7c4
LW
1321 }
1322
1323 if (newdefout) {
ded8aa31
GS
1324 if (!GvIO(newdefout))
1325 gv_IOadd(newdefout);
4633a7c4
LW
1326 setdefout(newdefout);
1327 }
1328
a0d0e21e
LW
1329 RETURN;
1330}
1331
1332PP(pp_getc)
1333{
20b7effb 1334 dSP; dTARGET;
30901a8a
FC
1335 GV * const gv =
1336 MAXARG==0 || (!TOPs && !POPs) ? PL_stdingv : MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
9c9f25b8 1337 IO *const io = GvIO(gv);
2ae324a7 1338
ac3697cd
NC
1339 if (MAXARG == 0)
1340 EXTEND(SP, 1);
1341
9c9f25b8 1342 if (io) {
a5e1d062 1343 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d 1344 if (mg) {
0240605e 1345 const U32 gimme = GIMME_V;
3e0cb5de 1346 Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ SV_CONST(GETC), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg, gimme, 0);
0240605e
NC
1347 if (gimme == G_SCALAR) {
1348 SPAGAIN;
a79db61d 1349 SvSetMagicSV_nosteal(TARG, TOPs);
0240605e
NC
1350 }
1351 return NORMAL;
a79db61d 1352 }
2ae324a7 1353 }
90133b69 1354 if (!gv || do_eof(gv)) { /* make sure we have fp with something */
51087808 1355 if (!io || (!IoIFP(io) && IoTYPE(io) != IoTYPE_WRONLY))
831e4cc3 1356 report_evil_fh(gv);
b5fe5ca2 1357 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
a0d0e21e 1358 RETPUSHUNDEF;
90133b69 1359 }
bbce6d69 1360 TAINT;
76f68e9b 1361 sv_setpvs(TARG, " ");
9bc64814 1362 *SvPVX(TARG) = PerlIO_getc(IoIFP(GvIOp(gv))); /* should never be EOF */
7d59b7e4
NIS
1363 if (PerlIO_isutf8(IoIFP(GvIOp(gv)))) {
1364 /* Find out how many bytes the char needs */
aa07b2f6 1365 Size_t len = UTF8SKIP(SvPVX_const(TARG));
7d59b7e4
NIS
1366 if (len > 1) {
1367 SvGROW(TARG,len+1);
1368 len = PerlIO_read(IoIFP(GvIOp(gv)),SvPVX(TARG)+1,len-1);
1369 SvCUR_set(TARG,1+len);
1370 }
1371 SvUTF8_on(TARG);
1372 }
88c34251 1373 else SvUTF8_off(TARG);
a0d0e21e
LW
1374 PUSHTARG;
1375 RETURN;
1376}
1377
76e3520e 1378STATIC OP *
cea2e8a9 1379S_doform(pTHX_ CV *cv, GV *gv, OP *retop)
a0d0e21e 1380{
eb578fdb 1381 PERL_CONTEXT *cx;
f54cb97a 1382 const I32 gimme = GIMME_V;
a0d0e21e 1383
7918f24d
NC
1384 PERL_ARGS_ASSERT_DOFORM;
1385
535e48ea 1386 if (CvCLONE(cv))
7b190374
NC
1387 cv = MUTABLE_CV(sv_2mortal(MUTABLE_SV(cv_clone(cv))));
1388
146174a9 1389 PUSHBLOCK(cx, CXt_FORMAT, PL_stack_sp);
10067d9a 1390 PUSHFORMAT(cx, retop);
f32c7e86
FC
1391 if (CvDEPTH(cv) >= 2) {
1392 PERL_STACK_OVERFLOW_CHECK();
1393 pad_push(CvPADLIST(cv), CvDEPTH(cv));
1394 }
f32c7e86 1395 PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE(CvPADLIST(cv), CvDEPTH(cv));
a0d0e21e 1396
4633a7c4 1397 setdefout(gv); /* locally select filehandle so $% et al work */
a0d0e21e
LW
1398 return CvSTART(cv);
1399}
1400
1401PP(pp_enterwrite)
1402{
39644a26 1403 dSP;
eb578fdb
KW
1404 GV *gv;
1405 IO *io;
a0d0e21e 1406 GV *fgv;
07822e36
JH
1407 CV *cv = NULL;
1408 SV *tmpsv = NULL;
a0d0e21e 1409
2addaaf3 1410 if (MAXARG == 0) {
2addaaf3 1411 EXTEND(SP, 1);
49225470 1412 gv = PL_defoutgv;
2addaaf3 1413 }
a0d0e21e 1414 else {
159b6efe 1415 gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
a0d0e21e 1416 if (!gv)
3280af22 1417 gv = PL_defoutgv;
a0d0e21e 1418 }
a0d0e21e
LW
1419 io = GvIO(gv);
1420 if (!io) {
1421 RETPUSHNO;
1422 }
1423 if (IoFMT_GV(io))
1424 fgv = IoFMT_GV(io);
1425 else
1426 fgv = gv;
1427
2d1ebc9b 1428 assert(fgv);
a79db61d 1429
a0d0e21e 1430 cv = GvFORM(fgv);
a0d0e21e 1431 if (!cv) {
10edeb5d 1432 tmpsv = sv_newmortal();
f4a7049d 1433 gv_efullname4(tmpsv, fgv, NULL, FALSE);
2d1ebc9b 1434 DIE(aTHX_ "Undefined format \"%"SVf"\" called", SVfARG(tmpsv));
a0d0e21e 1435 }
44a8e56a 1436 IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_DIDTOP;
8e4ecf23 1437 RETURNOP(doform(cv,gv,PL_op->op_next));
a0d0e21e
LW
1438}
1439
1440PP(pp_leavewrite)
1441{
20b7effb 1442 dSP;
f9c764c5 1443 GV * const gv = cxstack[cxstack_ix].blk_format.gv;
eb578fdb 1444 IO * const io = GvIOp(gv);
8b8cacda 1445 PerlIO *ofp;
760ac839 1446 PerlIO *fp;
eb578fdb 1447 PERL_CONTEXT *cx;
8f89e5a9 1448 OP *retop;
617a4f41 1449 bool is_return = cBOOL(PL_op->op_type == OP_RETURN);
a0d0e21e 1450
617a4f41 1451 if (is_return || !io || !(ofp = IoOFP(io)))
8b8cacda 1452 goto forget_top;
1453
760ac839 1454 DEBUG_f(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "left=%ld, todo=%ld\n",
3280af22 1455 (long)IoLINES_LEFT(io), (long)FmLINES(PL_formtarget)));
8b8cacda 1456
3280af22
NIS
1457 if (IoLINES_LEFT(io) < FmLINES(PL_formtarget) &&
1458 PL_formtarget != PL_toptarget)
a0d0e21e 1459 {
4633a7c4
LW
1460 GV *fgv;
1461 CV *cv;
a0d0e21e
LW
1462 if (!IoTOP_GV(io)) {
1463 GV *topgv;
a0d0e21e
LW
1464
1465 if (!IoTOP_NAME(io)) {
1b6737cc 1466 SV *topname;
a0d0e21e
LW
1467 if (!IoFMT_NAME(io))
1468 IoFMT_NAME(io) = savepv(GvNAME(gv));
d0c0e7dd
FC
1469 topname = sv_2mortal(Perl_newSVpvf(aTHX_ "%"HEKf"_TOP",
1470 HEKfARG(GvNAME_HEK(gv))));
f776e3cd 1471 topgv = gv_fetchsv(topname, 0, SVt_PVFM);
748a9306 1472 if ((topgv && GvFORM(topgv)) ||
fafc274c 1473 !gv_fetchpvs("top", GV_NOTQUAL, SVt_PVFM))
2e0de35c 1474 IoTOP_NAME(io) = savesvpv(topname);
a0d0e21e 1475 else
89529cee 1476 IoTOP_NAME(io) = savepvs("top");
a0d0e21e 1477 }
f776e3cd 1478 topgv = gv_fetchpv(IoTOP_NAME(io), 0, SVt_PVFM);
a0d0e21e 1479 if (!topgv || !GvFORM(topgv)) {
b929a54b 1480 IoLINES_LEFT(io) = IoPAGE_LEN(io);
a0d0e21e
LW
1481 goto forget_top;
1482 }
1483 IoTOP_GV(io) = topgv;
1484 }
748a9306
LW
1485 if (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_DIDTOP) { /* Oh dear. It still doesn't fit. */
1486 I32 lines = IoLINES_LEFT(io);
504618e9 1487 const char *s = SvPVX_const(PL_formtarget);
8e07c86e
AD
1488 if (lines <= 0) /* Yow, header didn't even fit!!! */
1489 goto forget_top;
748a9306
LW
1490 while (lines-- > 0) {
1491 s = strchr(s, '\n');
1492 if (!s)
1493 break;
1494 s++;
1495 }
1496 if (s) {
f54cb97a 1497 const STRLEN save = SvCUR(PL_formtarget);
aa07b2f6 1498 SvCUR_set(PL_formtarget, s - SvPVX_const(PL_formtarget));
d75029d0
NIS
1499 do_print(PL_formtarget, ofp);
1500 SvCUR_set(PL_formtarget, save);
3280af22
NIS
1501 sv_chop(PL_formtarget, s);
1502 FmLINES(PL_formtarget) -= IoLINES_LEFT(io);
748a9306
LW
1503 }
1504 }
a0d0e21e 1505 if (IoLINES_LEFT(io) >= 0 && IoPAGE(io) > 0)
f6dfc736 1506 do_print(GvSV(gv_fetchpvs("\f", GV_ADD, SVt_PV)), ofp);
a0d0e21e
LW
1507 IoLINES_LEFT(io) = IoPAGE_LEN(io);
1508 IoPAGE(io)++;
3280af22 1509 PL_formtarget = PL_toptarget;
748a9306 1510 IoFLAGS(io) |= IOf_DIDTOP;
4633a7c4 1511 fgv = IoTOP_GV(io);
636013b3 1512 assert(fgv); /* IoTOP_GV(io) should have been set above */
4633a7c4 1513 cv = GvFORM(fgv);
1df70142
AL
1514 if (!cv) {
1515 SV * const sv = sv_newmortal();
bd61b366 1516 gv_efullname4(sv, fgv, NULL, FALSE);
44b7e78a 1517 DIE(aTHX_ "Undefined top format \"%"SVf"\" called", SVfARG(sv));
4633a7c4 1518 }
43cd5cb7 1519 return doform(cv, gv, PL_op);
a0d0e21e
LW
1520 }
1521
1522 forget_top:
3280af22 1523 POPBLOCK(cx,PL_curpm);
8f89e5a9 1524 retop = cx->blk_sub.retop;
25375124 1525 POPFORMAT(cx);
f7d0774b 1526 SP = PL_stack_base + cx->blk_oldsp; /* ignore retval of formline */
a0d0e21e 1527
617a4f41
DM
1528 if (is_return)
1529 /* XXX the semantics of doing 'return' in a format aren't documented.
1530 * Currently we ignore any args to 'return' and just return
1531 * a single undef in both scalar and list contexts
1532 */
1533 PUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
1534 else if (!io || !(fp = IoOFP(io))) {
c782dc1d 1535 if (io && IoIFP(io))
7716c5c5 1536 report_wrongway_fh(gv, '<');
c521cf7c 1537 else
7716c5c5 1538 report_evil_fh(gv);
3280af22 1539 PUSHs(&PL_sv_no);
a0d0e21e
LW
1540 }
1541 else {
3280af22 1542 if ((IoLINES_LEFT(io) -= FmLINES(PL_formtarget)) < 0) {
a2a5de95 1543 Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO), "page overflow");
a0d0e21e 1544 }
d75029d0 1545 if (!do_print(PL_formtarget, fp))
3280af22 1546 PUSHs(&PL_sv_no);
a0d0e21e 1547 else {
3280af22
NIS
1548 FmLINES(PL_formtarget) = 0;
1549 SvCUR_set(PL_formtarget, 0);
1550 *SvEND(PL_formtarget) = '\0';
a0d0e21e 1551 if (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FLUSH)
760ac839 1552 (void)PerlIO_flush(fp);
3280af22 1553 PUSHs(&PL_sv_yes);
a0d0e21e
LW
1554 }
1555 }
3280af22 1556 PL_formtarget = PL_bodytarget;
8e4ecf23 1557 RETURNOP(retop);
a0d0e21e
LW
1558}
1559
1560PP(pp_prtf)
1561{
20b7effb 1562 dSP; dMARK; dORIGMARK;
760ac839 1563 PerlIO *fp;
a0d0e21e 1564
159b6efe
NC
1565 GV * const gv
1566 = (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_STACKED) ? MUTABLE_GV(*++MARK) : PL_defoutgv;
9c9f25b8 1567 IO *const io = GvIO(gv);
46fc3d4c 1568
87385d72
FC
1569 /* Treat empty list as "" */
1570 if (MARK == SP) XPUSHs(&PL_sv_no);
1571
9c9f25b8 1572 if (io) {
a5e1d062 1573 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d
AL
1574 if (mg) {
1575 if (MARK == ORIGMARK) {
1576 MEXTEND(SP, 1);
1577 ++MARK;
1578 Move(MARK, MARK + 1, (SP - MARK) + 1, SV*);
1579 ++SP;
1580 }
3e0cb5de 1581 return Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ SV_CONST(PRINTF), mark - 1, MUTABLE_SV(io),
d682515d
NC
1582 mg,
1583 G_SCALAR | TIED_METHOD_ARGUMENTS_ON_STACK,
1584 sp - mark);
a79db61d 1585 }
46fc3d4c
PP
1586 }
1587
9c9f25b8 1588 if (!io) {
51087808 1589 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 1590 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
a0d0e21e
LW
1591 goto just_say_no;
1592 }
1593 else if (!(fp = IoOFP(io))) {
7716c5c5
NC
1594 if (IoIFP(io))
1595 report_wrongway_fh(gv, '<');
1596 else if (ckWARN(WARN_CLOSED))
1597 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 1598 SETERRNO(EBADF,IoIFP(io)?RMS_FAC:RMS_IFI);
a0d0e21e
LW
1599 goto just_say_no;
1600 }
1601 else {
c7bd8b84 1602 SV *sv = sv_newmortal();
a0d0e21e
LW
1603 do_sprintf(sv, SP - MARK, MARK + 1);
1604 if (!do_print(sv, fp))
1605 goto just_say_no;
1606
1607 if (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FLUSH)
760ac839 1608 if (PerlIO_flush(fp) == EOF)
a0d0e21e
LW
1609 goto just_say_no;
1610 }
a0d0e21e 1611 SP = ORIGMARK;
3280af22 1612 PUSHs(&PL_sv_yes);
a0d0e21e
LW
1613 RETURN;
1614
1615 just_say_no:
a0d0e21e 1616 SP = ORIGMARK;
3280af22 1617 PUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
a0d0e21e
LW
1618 RETURN;
1619}
1620
c07a80fd
PP
1621PP(pp_sysopen)
1622{
39644a26 1623 dSP;
de5e49e1 1624 const int perm = (MAXARG > 3 && (TOPs || POPs)) ? POPi : 0666;
1df70142 1625 const int mode = POPi;
1b6737cc 1626 SV * const sv = POPs;
159b6efe 1627 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
1b6737cc 1628 STRLEN len;
c07a80fd 1629
4592e6ca 1630 /* Need TIEHANDLE method ? */
1b6737cc 1631 const char * const tmps = SvPV_const(sv, len);
d5eb9a46 1632 if (do_open_raw(gv, tmps, len, mode, perm)) {
c07a80fd 1633 IoLINES(GvIOp(gv)) = 0;
3280af22 1634 PUSHs(&PL_sv_yes);
c07a80fd
PP
1635 }
1636 else {
3280af22 1637 PUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
c07a80fd
PP
1638 }
1639 RETURN;
1640}
1641
b1c05ba5
DM
1642
1643/* also used for: pp_read() and pp_recv() (where supported) */
1644
a0d0e21e
LW
1645PP(pp_sysread)
1646{
20b7effb 1647 dSP; dMARK; dORIGMARK; dTARGET;
0b423688 1648 SSize_t offset;
a0d0e21e
LW
1649 IO *io;
1650 char *buffer;
0b423688 1651 STRLEN orig_size;
5b54f415 1652 SSize_t length;
eb5c063a 1653 SSize_t count;
748a9306 1654 SV *bufsv;
a0d0e21e 1655 STRLEN blen;
eb5c063a 1656 int fp_utf8;
1dd30107
NC
1657 int buffer_utf8;
1658 SV *read_target;
eb5c063a
NIS
1659 Size_t got = 0;
1660 Size_t wanted;
1d636c13 1661 bool charstart = FALSE;
87330c3c
JH
1662 STRLEN charskip = 0;
1663 STRLEN skip = 0;
159b6efe 1664 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(*++MARK);
375ed12a
JH
1665 int fd;
1666
5b468f54 1667 if ((PL_op->op_type == OP_READ || PL_op->op_type == OP_SYSREAD)
1b6737cc 1668 && gv && (io = GvIO(gv)) )
137443ea 1669 {
a5e1d062 1670 const MAGIC *const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
1b6737cc 1671 if (mg) {
3e0cb5de 1672 return Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ SV_CONST(READ), mark - 1, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg,
d682515d
NC
1673 G_SCALAR | TIED_METHOD_ARGUMENTS_ON_STACK,
1674 sp - mark);
1b6737cc 1675 }
2ae324a7
PP
1676 }
1677
a0d0e21e
LW
1678 if (!gv)
1679 goto say_undef;
748a9306 1680 bufsv = *++MARK;
ff68c719 1681 if (! SvOK(bufsv))
76f68e9b 1682 sv_setpvs(bufsv, "");
a0d0e21e 1683 length = SvIVx(*++MARK);
4bac9ae4
CS
1684 if (length < 0)
1685 DIE(aTHX_ "Negative length");
748a9306 1686 SETERRNO(0,0);
a0d0e21e
LW
1687 if (MARK < SP)
1688 offset = SvIVx(*++MARK);
1689 else
1690 offset = 0;
1691 io = GvIO(gv);
b5fe5ca2 1692 if (!io || !IoIFP(io)) {
51087808 1693 report_evil_fh(gv);
b5fe5ca2 1694 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
a0d0e21e 1695 goto say_undef;
b5fe5ca2 1696 }
375ed12a
JH
1697
1698 /* Note that fd can here validly be -1, don't check it yet. */
1699 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
1700
0064a8a9 1701 if ((fp_utf8 = PerlIO_isutf8(IoIFP(io))) && !IN_BYTES) {
fb10a8a7
TC
1702 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_SYSREAD || PL_op->op_type == OP_RECV) {
1703 Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED),
1704 "%s() is deprecated on :utf8 handles",
1705 OP_DESC(PL_op));
1706 }
7d59b7e4 1707 buffer = SvPVutf8_force(bufsv, blen);
1e54db1a 1708 /* UTF-8 may not have been set if they are all low bytes */
eb5c063a 1709 SvUTF8_on(bufsv);
9b9d7ce8 1710 buffer_utf8 = 0;
7d59b7e4
NIS
1711 }
1712 else {
1713 buffer = SvPV_force(bufsv, blen);
1dd30107 1714 buffer_utf8 = !IN_BYTES && SvUTF8(bufsv);
7d59b7e4 1715 }
4bac9ae4 1716 if (DO_UTF8(bufsv)) {
3f914778 1717 blen = sv_len_utf8_nomg(bufsv);
4bac9ae4 1718 }
7d59b7e4 1719
d0965105
JH
1720 charstart = TRUE;
1721 charskip = 0;
87330c3c 1722 skip = 0;
4bac9ae4 1723 wanted = length;
d0965105 1724
a0d0e21e 1725#ifdef HAS_SOCKET
533c011a 1726 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_RECV) {
0b423688 1727 Sock_size_t bufsize;
46fc3d4c 1728 char namebuf[MAXPATHLEN];
375ed12a
JH
1729 if (fd < 0) {
1730 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
1731 RETPUSHUNDEF;
1732 }
b5afd346 1733#if (defined(VMS_DO_SOCKETS) && defined(DECCRTL_SOCKETS)) || defined(__QNXNTO__)
490ab354
JH
1734 bufsize = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in);
1735#else
46fc3d4c 1736 bufsize = sizeof namebuf;
490ab354 1737#endif
abf95952
IZ
1738#ifdef OS2 /* At least Warp3+IAK: only the first byte of bufsize set */
1739 if (bufsize >= 256)
1740 bufsize = 255;
1741#endif
eb160463 1742 buffer = SvGROW(bufsv, (STRLEN)(length+1));
bbce6d69 1743 /* 'offset' means 'flags' here */
375ed12a 1744 count = PerlSock_recvfrom(fd, buffer, length, offset,
10edeb5d 1745 (struct sockaddr *)namebuf, &bufsize);
eb5c063a 1746 if (count < 0)
a0d0e21e 1747 RETPUSHUNDEF;
8eb023a9
DM
1748 /* MSG_TRUNC can give oversized count; quietly lose it */
1749 if (count > length)
1750 count = length;
eb5c063a 1751 SvCUR_set(bufsv, count);
748a9306
LW
1752 *SvEND(bufsv) = '\0';
1753 (void)SvPOK_only(bufsv);
eb5c063a
NIS
1754 if (fp_utf8)
1755 SvUTF8_on(bufsv);
748a9306 1756 SvSETMAGIC(bufsv);
aac0dd9a 1757 /* This should not be marked tainted if the fp is marked clean */
bbce6d69
PP
1758 if (!(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_UNTAINT))
1759 SvTAINTED_on(bufsv);
a0d0e21e 1760 SP = ORIGMARK;
e122534c
TC
1761#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
1762 /* recvfrom() on cygwin doesn't set bufsize at all for
1763 connected sockets, leaving us with trash in the returned
1764 name, so use the same test as the Win32 code to check if it
1765 wasn't set, and set it [perl #118843] */
1766 if (bufsize == sizeof namebuf)
1767 bufsize = 0;
1768#endif
46fc3d4c 1769 sv_setpvn(TARG, namebuf, bufsize);
a0d0e21e
LW
1770 PUSHs(TARG);
1771 RETURN;
1772 }
a0d0e21e 1773#endif
bbce6d69 1774 if (offset < 0) {
0b423688 1775 if (-offset > (SSize_t)blen)
cea2e8a9 1776 DIE(aTHX_ "Offset outside string");
bbce6d69
PP
1777 offset += blen;
1778 }
eb5c063a
NIS
1779 if (DO_UTF8(bufsv)) {
1780 /* convert offset-as-chars to offset-as-bytes */
d5f981bb 1781 if (offset >= (SSize_t)blen)
6960c29a
CH
1782 offset += SvCUR(bufsv) - blen;
1783 else
1784 offset = utf8_hop((U8 *)buffer,offset) - (U8 *) buffer;
eb5c063a 1785 }
375ed12a 1786
eb5c063a 1787 more_bytes:
375ed12a
JH
1788 /* Reestablish the fd in case it shifted from underneath us. */
1789 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
1790
0b423688 1791 orig_size = SvCUR(bufsv);
1dd30107
NC
1792 /* Allocating length + offset + 1 isn't perfect in the case of reading
1793 bytes from a byte file handle into a UTF8 buffer, but it won't harm us
1794 unduly.
1795 (should be 2 * length + offset + 1, or possibly something longer if
47e13f24 1796 IN_ENCODING Is true) */
eb160463 1797 buffer = SvGROW(bufsv, (STRLEN)(length+offset+1));
0b423688
TC
1798 if (offset > 0 && offset > (SSize_t)orig_size) { /* Zero any newly allocated space */
1799 Zero(buffer+orig_size, offset-orig_size, char);
cd52b7b2 1800 }
eb5c063a 1801 buffer = buffer + offset;
1dd30107
NC
1802 if (!buffer_utf8) {
1803 read_target = bufsv;
1804 } else {
1805 /* Best to read the bytes into a new SV, upgrade that to UTF8, then
1806 concatenate it to the current buffer. */
1807
1808 /* Truncate the existing buffer to the start of where we will be
1809 reading to: */
1810 SvCUR_set(bufsv, offset);
1811
1812 read_target = sv_newmortal();
862a34c6 1813 SvUPGRADE(read_target, SVt_PV);
fe2774ed 1814 buffer = SvGROW(read_target, (STRLEN)(length + 1));
1dd30107 1815 }
eb5c063a 1816
533c011a 1817 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_SYSREAD) {
a7092146 1818#ifdef PERL_SOCK_SYSREAD_IS_RECV
50952442 1819 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_SOCKET) {
375ed12a
JH
1820 if (fd < 0) {
1821 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
1822 count = -1;
1823 }
1824 else
1825 count = PerlSock_recv(fd, buffer, length, 0);
a7092146
GS
1826 }
1827 else
1828#endif
1829 {
375ed12a
JH
1830 if (fd < 0) {
1831 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
1832 count = -1;
1833 }
1834 else
1835 count = PerlLIO_read(fd, buffer, length);
a7092146 1836 }
a0d0e21e
LW
1837 }
1838 else
3b02c43c 1839 {
eb5c063a
NIS
1840 count = PerlIO_read(IoIFP(io), buffer, length);
1841 /* PerlIO_read() - like fread() returns 0 on both error and EOF */
1842 if (count == 0 && PerlIO_error(IoIFP(io)))
1843 count = -1;
3b02c43c 1844 }
eb5c063a 1845 if (count < 0) {
7716c5c5 1846 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_WRONLY)
a5390457 1847 report_wrongway_fh(gv, '>');
a0d0e21e 1848 goto say_undef;
af8c498a 1849 }
aa07b2f6 1850 SvCUR_set(read_target, count+(buffer - SvPVX_const(read_target)));
1dd30107
NC
1851 *SvEND(read_target) = '\0';
1852 (void)SvPOK_only(read_target);
0064a8a9 1853 if (fp_utf8 && !IN_BYTES) {
eb5c063a 1854 /* Look at utf8 we got back and count the characters */
1df70142 1855 const char *bend = buffer + count;
eb5c063a 1856 while (buffer < bend) {
d0965105
JH
1857 if (charstart) {
1858 skip = UTF8SKIP(buffer);
1859 charskip = 0;
1860 }
1861 if (buffer - charskip + skip > bend) {
eb5c063a
NIS
1862 /* partial character - try for rest of it */
1863 length = skip - (bend-buffer);
aa07b2f6 1864 offset = bend - SvPVX_const(bufsv);
d0965105
JH
1865 charstart = FALSE;
1866 charskip += count;
eb5c063a
NIS
1867 goto more_bytes;
1868 }
1869 else {
1870 got++;
1871 buffer += skip;
d0965105
JH
1872 charstart = TRUE;
1873 charskip = 0;
eb5c063a
NIS
1874 }
1875 }
1876 /* If we have not 'got' the number of _characters_ we 'wanted' get some more
1877 provided amount read (count) was what was requested (length)
1878 */
1879 if (got < wanted && count == length) {
d0965105 1880 length = wanted - got;
aa07b2f6 1881 offset = bend - SvPVX_const(bufsv);
eb5c063a
NIS
1882 goto more_bytes;
1883 }
1884 /* return value is character count */
1885 count = got;
1886 SvUTF8_on(bufsv);
1887 }
1dd30107
NC
1888 else if (buffer_utf8) {
1889 /* Let svcatsv upgrade the bytes we read in to utf8.
1890 The buffer is a mortal so will be freed soon. */
1891 sv_catsv_nomg(bufsv, read_target);
1892 }
748a9306 1893 SvSETMAGIC(bufsv);
aac0dd9a 1894 /* This should not be marked tainted if the fp is marked clean */
bbce6d69
PP
1895 if (!(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_UNTAINT))
1896 SvTAINTED_on(bufsv);
a0d0e21e 1897 SP = ORIGMARK;
eb5c063a 1898 PUSHi(count);
a0d0e21e
LW
1899 RETURN;
1900
1901 say_undef:
1902 SP = ORIGMARK;
1903 RETPUSHUNDEF;
1904}
1905
b1c05ba5
DM
1906
1907/* also used for: pp_send() where defined */
1908
60504e18 1909PP(pp_syswrite)
a0d0e21e 1910{
20b7effb 1911 dSP; dMARK; dORIGMARK; dTARGET;
748a9306 1912 SV *bufsv;
83003860 1913 const char *buffer;
8c99d73e 1914 SSize_t retval;
a0d0e21e 1915 STRLEN blen;
c9cb0f41 1916 STRLEN orig_blen_bytes;
64a1bc8e 1917 const int op_type = PL_op->op_type;
c9cb0f41
NC
1918 bool doing_utf8;
1919 U8 *tmpbuf = NULL;
159b6efe 1920 GV *const gv = MUTABLE_GV(*++MARK);
91472ad4 1921 IO *const io = GvIO(gv);
375ed12a 1922 int fd;
91472ad4
NC
1923
1924 if (op_type == OP_SYSWRITE && io) {
a5e1d062 1925 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d 1926 if (mg) {
a79db61d 1927 if (MARK == SP - 1) {
c8834ab7
TC
1928 SV *sv = *SP;
1929 mXPUSHi(sv_len(sv));
a79db61d
AL
1930 PUTBACK;
1931 }
1932
3e0cb5de 1933 return Perl_tied_method(aTHX_ SV_CONST(WRITE), mark - 1, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg,
d682515d
NC
1934 G_SCALAR | TIED_METHOD_ARGUMENTS_ON_STACK,
1935 sp - mark);
64a1bc8e 1936 }
1d603a67 1937 }
a0d0e21e
LW
1938 if (!gv)
1939 goto say_undef;
64a1bc8e 1940
748a9306 1941 bufsv = *++MARK;
64a1bc8e 1942
748a9306 1943 SETERRNO(0,0);
cf167416 1944 if (!io || !IoIFP(io) || IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_RDONLY) {
8c99d73e 1945 retval = -1;
51087808
NC
1946 if (io && IoIFP(io))
1947 report_wrongway_fh(gv, '<');
1948 else
1949 report_evil_fh(gv);
b5fe5ca2 1950 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
7d59b7e4
NIS
1951 goto say_undef;
1952 }
375ed12a
JH
1953 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
1954 if (fd < 0) {
1955 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
1956 retval = -1;
1957 goto say_undef;
1958 }
7d59b7e4 1959
c9cb0f41
NC
1960 /* Do this first to trigger any overloading. */
1961 buffer = SvPV_const(bufsv, blen);
1962 orig_blen_bytes = blen;
1963 doing_utf8 = DO_UTF8(bufsv);
1964
7d59b7e4 1965 if (PerlIO_isutf8(IoIFP(io))) {
fb10a8a7
TC
1966 Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED),
1967 "%s() is deprecated on :utf8 handles",
1968 OP_DESC(PL_op));
6aa2f6a7 1969 if (!SvUTF8(bufsv)) {
c9cb0f41
NC
1970 /* We don't modify the original scalar. */
1971 tmpbuf = bytes_to_utf8((const U8*) buffer, &blen);
1972 buffer = (char *) tmpbuf;
1973 doing_utf8 = TRUE;
1974 }
a0d0e21e 1975 }
c9cb0f41
NC
1976 else if (doing_utf8) {
1977 STRLEN tmplen = blen;
a79db61d 1978 U8 * const result = bytes_from_utf8((const U8*) buffer, &tmplen, &doing_utf8);
c9cb0f41
NC
1979 if (!doing_utf8) {
1980 tmpbuf = result;
1981 buffer = (char *) tmpbuf;
1982 blen = tmplen;
1983 }
1984 else {
1985 assert((char *)result == buffer);
1986 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Wide character in %s", OP_DESC(PL_op));
1987 }
7d59b7e4
NIS
1988 }
1989
e2712234 1990#ifdef HAS_SOCKET
7627e6d0 1991 if (op_type == OP_SEND) {
e2712234
NC
1992 const int flags = SvIVx(*++MARK);
1993 if (SP > MARK) {
1994 STRLEN mlen;
1995 char * const sockbuf = SvPVx(*++MARK, mlen);
375ed12a 1996 retval = PerlSock_sendto(fd, buffer, blen,
e2712234
NC
1997 flags, (struct sockaddr *)sockbuf, mlen);
1998 }
1999 else {
375ed12a 2000 retval = PerlSock_send(fd, buffer, blen, flags);
e2712234 2001 }
7627e6d0
NC
2002 }
2003 else
e2712234 2004#endif
7627e6d0 2005 {
c9cb0f41
NC
2006 Size_t length = 0; /* This length is in characters. */
2007 STRLEN blen_chars;
7d59b7e4 2008 IV offset;
c9cb0f41
NC
2009
2010 if (doing_utf8) {
2011 if (tmpbuf) {
2012 /* The SV is bytes, and we've had to upgrade it. */
2013 blen_chars = orig_blen_bytes;
2014 } else {
2015 /* The SV really is UTF-8. */
3f914778
FC
2016 /* Don't call sv_len_utf8 on a magical or overloaded
2017 scalar, as we might get back a different result. */
2018 blen_chars = sv_or_pv_len_utf8(bufsv, buffer, blen);
c9cb0f41
NC
2019 }
2020 } else {
2021 blen_chars = blen;
2022 }
2023
2024 if (MARK >= SP) {
2025 length = blen_chars;
2026 } else {
2027#if Size_t_size > IVSIZE
2028 length = (Size_t)SvNVx(*++MARK);
2029#else
2030 length = (Size_t)SvIVx(*++MARK);
2031#endif
4b0c4b6f
NC
2032 if ((SSize_t)length < 0) {
2033 Safefree(tmpbuf);
c9cb0f41 2034 DIE(aTHX_ "Negative length");
4b0c4b6f 2035 }
7d59b7e4 2036 }
c9cb0f41 2037
bbce6d69 2038 if (MARK < SP) {
a0d0e21e 2039 offset = SvIVx(*++MARK);
bbce6d69 2040 if (offset < 0) {
4b0c4b6f
NC
2041 if (-offset > (IV)blen_chars) {
2042 Safefree(tmpbuf);
cea2e8a9 2043 DIE(aTHX_ "Offset outside string");
4b0c4b6f 2044 }
c9cb0f41 2045 offset += blen_chars;
3c946528 2046 } else if (offset > (IV)blen_chars) {
4b0c4b6f 2047 Safefree(tmpbuf);
cea2e8a9 2048 DIE(aTHX_ "Offset outside string");
4b0c4b6f 2049 }
bbce6d69 2050 } else
a0d0e21e 2051 offset = 0;
c9cb0f41
NC
2052 if (length > blen_chars - offset)
2053 length = blen_chars - offset;
2054 if (doing_utf8) {
2055 /* Here we convert length from characters to bytes. */
2056 if (tmpbuf || SvGMAGICAL(bufsv) || SvAMAGIC(bufsv)) {
2057 /* Either we had to convert the SV, or the SV is magical, or
2058 the SV has overloading, in which case we can't or mustn't
2059 or mustn't call it again. */
2060
2061 buffer = (const char*)utf8_hop((const U8 *)buffer, offset);
2062 length = utf8_hop((U8 *)buffer, length) - (U8 *)buffer;
2063 } else {
2064 /* It's a real UTF-8 SV, and it's not going to change under
2065 us. Take advantage of any cache. */
2066 I32 start = offset;
2067 I32 len_I32 = length;
2068
2069 /* Convert the start and end character positions to bytes.
2070 Remember that the second argument to sv_pos_u2b is relative
2071 to the first. */
2072 sv_pos_u2b(bufsv, &start, &len_I32);
2073
2074 buffer += start;
2075 length = len_I32;
2076 }
7d59b7e4
NIS
2077 }
2078 else {
2079 buffer = buffer+offset;
2080 }
a7092146 2081#ifdef PERL_SOCK_SYSWRITE_IS_SEND
50952442 2082 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_SOCKET) {
375ed12a 2083 retval = PerlSock_send(fd, buffer, length, 0);
a7092146
GS
2084 }
2085 else
2086#endif
2087 {
94e4c244 2088 /* See the note at doio.c:do_print about filesize limits. --jhi */
375ed12a 2089 retval = PerlLIO_write(fd, buffer, length);
a7092146 2090 }
a0d0e21e 2091 }
c9cb0f41 2092
8c99d73e 2093 if (retval < 0)
a0d0e21e
LW
2094 goto say_undef;
2095 SP = ORIGMARK;
c9cb0f41 2096 if (doing_utf8)
f36eea10 2097 retval = utf8_length((U8*)buffer, (U8*)buffer + retval);
4b0c4b6f 2098
a79db61d 2099 Safefree(tmpbuf);
8c99d73e
GS
2100#if Size_t_size > IVSIZE
2101 PUSHn(retval);
2102#else
2103 PUSHi(retval);
2104#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2105 RETURN;
2106
2107 say_undef:
a79db61d 2108 Safefree(tmpbuf);
a0d0e21e
LW
2109 SP = ORIGMARK;
2110 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2111}
2112
a0d0e21e
LW
2113PP(pp_eof)
2114{
20b7effb 2115 dSP;
a0d0e21e 2116 GV *gv;
32e65323 2117 IO *io;
a5e1d062 2118 const MAGIC *mg;
bc0c81ca
NC
2119 /*
2120 * in Perl 5.12 and later, the additional parameter is a bitmask:
2121 * 0 = eof
2122 * 1 = eof(FH)
2123 * 2 = eof() <- ARGV magic
2124 *
2125 * I'll rely on the compiler's trace flow analysis to decide whether to
2126 * actually assign this out here, or punt it into the only block where it is
2127 * used. Doing it out here is DRY on the condition logic.
2128 */
2129 unsigned int which;
a0d0e21e 2130
bc0c81ca 2131 if (MAXARG) {
32e65323 2132 gv = PL_last_in_gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs); /* eof(FH) */
bc0c81ca
NC
2133 which = 1;
2134 }
b5f55170
NC
2135 else {
2136 EXTEND(SP, 1);
2137
bc0c81ca 2138 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
b5f55170 2139 gv = PL_last_in_gv = GvEGVx(PL_argvgv); /* eof() - ARGV magic */
bc0c81ca
NC
2140 which = 2;
2141 }
2142 else {
b5f55170 2143 gv = PL_last_in_gv; /* eof */
bc0c81ca
NC
2144 which = 0;
2145 }
b5f55170 2146 }
32e65323
CS
2147
2148 if (!gv)
2149 RETPUSHNO;
2150
2151 if ((io = GvIO(gv)) && (mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar))) {
3e0cb5de 2152 return tied_method1(SV_CONST(EOF), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg, newSVuv(which));
146174a9 2153 }
4592e6ca 2154
32e65323
CS
2155 if (!MAXARG && (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL)) { /* eof() */
2156 if (io && !IoIFP(io)) {
b9f2b683 2157 if ((IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_START) && av_tindex(GvAVn(gv)) < 0) {
1037353b 2158 SV ** svp;
32e65323
CS
2159 IoLINES(io) = 0;
2160 IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_START;
d5eb9a46 2161 do_open6(gv, "-", 1, NULL, NULL, 0);
1037353b
DD
2162 svp = &GvSV(gv);
2163 if (*svp) {
2164 SV * sv = *svp;
2165 sv_setpvs(sv, "-");
2166 SvSETMAGIC(sv);
2167 }
32e65323 2168 else
1037353b 2169 *svp = newSVpvs("-");
32e65323 2170 }
157fb5a1 2171 else if (!nextargv(gv, FALSE))
32e65323 2172 RETPUSHYES;
6136c704 2173 }
4592e6ca
NIS
2174 }
2175
32e65323 2176 PUSHs(boolSV(do_eof(gv)));
a0d0e21e
LW
2177 RETURN;
2178}
2179
2180PP(pp_tell)
2181{
20b7effb 2182 dSP; dTARGET;
301e8125 2183 GV *gv;
5b468f54 2184 IO *io;
a0d0e21e 2185
b64a1294 2186 if (MAXARG != 0 && (TOPs || POPs))
159b6efe 2187 PL_last_in_gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
ac3697cd
NC
2188 else
2189 EXTEND(SP, 1);
c4420975 2190 gv = PL_last_in_gv;
4592e6ca 2191
9c9f25b8
NC
2192 io = GvIO(gv);
2193 if (io) {
a5e1d062 2194 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d 2195 if (mg) {
3e0cb5de 2196 return tied_method0(SV_CONST(TELL), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg);
a79db61d 2197 }
4592e6ca 2198 }
f4817f32 2199 else if (!gv) {
f03173f2
RGS
2200 if (!errno)
2201 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
2202 PUSHi(-1);
2203 RETURN;
2204 }
4592e6ca 2205
146174a9
CB
2206#if LSEEKSIZE > IVSIZE
2207 PUSHn( do_tell(gv) );
2208#else
a0d0e21e 2209 PUSHi( do_tell(gv) );
146174a9 2210#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2211 RETURN;
2212}
2213
b1c05ba5
DM
2214
2215/* also used for: pp_seek() */
2216
137443ea
PP
2217PP(pp_sysseek)
2218{
20b7effb 2219 dSP;
1df70142 2220 const int whence = POPi;
146174a9 2221#if LSEEKSIZE > IVSIZE
7452cf6a 2222 const Off_t offset = (Off_t)SvNVx(POPs);
146174a9 2223#else
7452cf6a 2224 const Off_t offset = (Off_t)SvIVx(POPs);
146174a9 2225#endif
a0d0e21e 2226
159b6efe 2227 GV * const gv = PL_last_in_gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
9c9f25b8 2228 IO *const io = GvIO(gv);
4592e6ca 2229
9c9f25b8 2230 if (io) {
a5e1d062 2231 const MAGIC * const mg = SvTIED_mg((const SV *)io, PERL_MAGIC_tiedscalar);
a79db61d 2232 if (mg) {
cb50131a 2233#if LSEEKSIZE > IVSIZE
74f0b550 2234 SV *const offset_sv = newSVnv((NV) offset);
cb50131a 2235#else
74f0b550 2236 SV *const offset_sv = newSViv(offset);
cb50131a 2237#endif
bc0c81ca 2238
3e0cb5de 2239 return tied_method2(SV_CONST(SEEK), SP, MUTABLE_SV(io), mg, offset_sv,
d682515d 2240 newSViv(whence));
a79db61d 2241 }
4592e6ca
NIS
2242 }
2243
533c011a 2244 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_SEEK)
8903cb82
PP
2245 PUSHs(boolSV(do_seek(gv, offset, whence)));
2246 else {
0bcc34c2 2247 const Off_t sought = do_sysseek(gv, offset, whence);
b448e4fe 2248 if (sought < 0)
146174a9
CB
2249 PUSHs(&PL_sv_undef);
2250 else {
7452cf6a 2251 SV* const sv = sought ?
146174a9 2252#if LSEEKSIZE > IVSIZE
b448e4fe 2253 newSVnv((NV)sought)
146174a9 2254#else
b448e4fe 2255 newSViv(sought)
146174a9
CB
2256#endif
2257 : newSVpvn(zero_but_true, ZBTLEN);
6e449a3a 2258 mPUSHs(sv);
146174a9 2259 }
8903cb82 2260 }
a0d0e21e
LW
2261 RETURN;
2262}
2263
2264PP(pp_truncate)
2265{
39644a26 2266 dSP;
8c99d73e
GS
2267 /* There seems to be no consensus on the length type of truncate()
2268 * and ftruncate(), both off_t and size_t have supporters. In
2269 * general one would think that when using large files, off_t is
2270 * at least as wide as size_t, so using an off_t should be okay. */
2271 /* XXX Configure probe for the length type of *truncate() needed XXX */
0bcc34c2 2272 Off_t len;
a0d0e21e 2273
25342a55 2274#if Off_t_size > IVSIZE
0bcc34c2 2275 len = (Off_t)POPn;
8c99d73e 2276#else
0bcc34c2 2277 len = (Off_t)POPi;
8c99d73e
GS
2278#endif
2279 /* Checking for length < 0 is problematic as the type might or
301e8125 2280 * might not be signed: if it is not, clever compilers will moan. */
8c99d73e 2281 /* XXX Configure probe for the signedness of the length type of *truncate() needed? XXX */
748a9306 2282 SETERRNO(0,0);
d05c1ba0 2283 {
5e0adc2d 2284 SV * const sv = POPs;
d05c1ba0
JH
2285 int result = 1;
2286 GV *tmpgv;
090bf15b
SR
2287 IO *io;
2288
42409c40
FC
2289 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL
2290 ? (tmpgv = gv_fetchsv(sv, 0, SVt_PVIO), 1)
2291 : !!(tmpgv = MAYBE_DEREF_GV(sv)) ) {
9c9f25b8
NC
2292 io = GvIO(tmpgv);
2293 if (!io)
090bf15b 2294 result = 0;
d05c1ba0 2295 else {
090bf15b 2296 PerlIO *fp;
090bf15b
SR
2297 do_ftruncate_io:
2298 TAINT_PROPER("truncate");
2299 if (!(fp = IoIFP(io))) {
2300 result = 0;
2301 }
2302 else {
375ed12a
JH
2303 int fd = PerlIO_fileno(fp);
2304 if (fd < 0) {
2305 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
2306 result = 0;
2307 } else {
a9f17b43
JH
2308 if (len < 0) {
2309 SETERRNO(EINVAL, LIB_INVARG);
2310 result = 0;
2311 } else {
2312 PerlIO_flush(fp);
cbdc8872 2313#ifdef HAS_TRUNCATE
a9f17b43 2314 if (ftruncate(fd, len) < 0)
301e8125 2315#else
a9f17b43 2316 if (my_chsize(fd, len) < 0)
cbdc8872 2317#endif
a9f17b43
JH
2318 result = 0;
2319 }
375ed12a 2320 }
090bf15b 2321 }
d05c1ba0 2322 }
cbdc8872 2323 }
5e0adc2d 2324 else if (SvROK(sv) && SvTYPE(SvRV(sv)) == SVt_PVIO) {
a45c7426 2325 io = MUTABLE_IO(SvRV(sv)); /* *main::FRED{IO} for example */
090bf15b 2326 goto do_ftruncate_io;
5e0adc2d
FC
2327 }
2328 else {
2329 const char * const name = SvPV_nomg_const_nolen(sv);
d05c1ba0 2330 TAINT_PROPER("truncate");
cbdc8872 2331#ifdef HAS_TRUNCATE
d05c1ba0
JH
2332 if (truncate(name, len) < 0)
2333 result = 0;
cbdc8872 2334#else
d05c1ba0 2335 {
d484df69
TC
2336 int mode = O_RDWR;
2337 int tmpfd;
2338
2339#if defined(USE_64_BIT_RAWIO) && defined(O_LARGEFILE)
2340 mode |= O_LARGEFILE; /* Transparently largefiley. */
2341#endif
2342#ifdef O_BINARY
2343 /* On open(), the Win32 CRT tries to seek around text
2344 * files using 32-bit offsets, which causes the open()
2345 * to fail on large files, so open in binary mode.
2346 */
2347 mode |= O_BINARY;
2348#endif
2349 tmpfd = PerlLIO_open(name, mode);
d05c1ba0 2350
375ed12a 2351 if (tmpfd < 0) {
cbdc8872 2352 result = 0;
375ed12a 2353 } else {
d05c1ba0
JH
2354 if (my_chsize(tmpfd, len) < 0)
2355 result = 0;
2356 PerlLIO_close(tmpfd);
2357 }
cbdc8872 2358 }
a0d0e21e 2359#endif
d05c1ba0 2360 }
a0d0e21e 2361
d05c1ba0
JH
2362 if (result)
2363 RETPUSHYES;
2364 if (!errno)
93189314 2365 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
d05c1ba0
JH
2366 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2367 }
a0d0e21e
LW
2368}
2369
b1c05ba5
DM
2370
2371/* also used for: pp_fcntl() */
2372
a0d0e21e
LW
2373PP(pp_ioctl)
2374{
20b7effb 2375 dSP; dTARGET;
7452cf6a 2376 SV * const argsv = POPs;
1df70142 2377 const unsigned int func = POPu;
49225470 2378 int optype;
159b6efe 2379 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
8a6c0fcb 2380 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
a0d0e21e 2381 char *s;
324aa91a 2382 IV retval;
a0d0e21e 2383
8a6c0fcb 2384 if (!IoIFP(io)) {
51087808 2385 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 2386 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI); /* well, sort of... */
a0d0e21e
LW
2387 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2388 }
2389
748a9306 2390 if (SvPOK(argsv) || !SvNIOK(argsv)) {
a0d0e21e 2391 STRLEN len;
324aa91a 2392 STRLEN need;
748a9306 2393 s = SvPV_force(argsv, len);
324aa91a
HF
2394 need = IOCPARM_LEN(func);
2395 if (len < need) {
2396 s = Sv_Grow(argsv, need + 1);
2397 SvCUR_set(argsv, need);
a0d0e21e
LW
2398 }
2399
748a9306 2400 s[SvCUR(argsv)] = 17; /* a little sanity check here */
a0d0e21e
LW
2401 }
2402 else {
748a9306 2403 retval = SvIV(argsv);
c529f79d 2404 s = INT2PTR(char*,retval); /* ouch */
a0d0e21e
LW
2405 }
2406
49225470 2407 optype = PL_op->op_type;
ed4b2e6b 2408 TAINT_PROPER(PL_op_desc[optype]);
a0d0e21e
LW
2409
2410 if (optype == OP_IOCTL)
2411#ifdef HAS_IOCTL
76e3520e 2412 retval = PerlLIO_ioctl(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io)), func, s);
a0d0e21e 2413#else
cea2e8a9 2414 DIE(aTHX_ "ioctl is not implemented");
a0d0e21e
LW
2415#endif
2416 else
c214f4ad
B
2417#ifndef HAS_FCNTL
2418 DIE(aTHX_ "fcntl is not implemented");
2419#else
55497cff 2420#if defined(OS2) && defined(__EMX__)
760ac839 2421 retval = fcntl(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io)), func, (int)s);
55497cff 2422#else
760ac839 2423 retval = fcntl(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io)), func, s);
301e8125 2424#endif
6652bd42 2425#endif
a0d0e21e 2426
6652bd42 2427#if defined(HAS_IOCTL) || defined(HAS_FCNTL)
748a9306
LW
2428 if (SvPOK(argsv)) {
2429 if (s[SvCUR(argsv)] != 17)
cea2e8a9 2430 DIE(aTHX_ "Possible memory corruption: %s overflowed 3rd argument",
53e06cf0 2431 OP_NAME(PL_op));
748a9306
LW
2432 s[SvCUR(argsv)] = 0; /* put our null back */
2433 SvSETMAGIC(argsv); /* Assume it has changed */
a0d0e21e
LW
2434 }
2435
2436 if (retval == -1)
2437 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2438 if (retval != 0) {
2439 PUSHi(retval);
2440 }
2441 else {
8903cb82 2442 PUSHp(zero_but_true, ZBTLEN);
a0d0e21e 2443 }
4808266b 2444#endif
c214f4ad 2445 RETURN;
a0d0e21e
LW
2446}
2447
2448PP(pp_flock)
2449{
9cad6237 2450#ifdef FLOCK
20b7effb 2451 dSP; dTARGET;
a0d0e21e 2452 I32 value;
7452cf6a 2453 const int argtype = POPi;
1f28cbca 2454 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
9c9f25b8
NC
2455 IO *const io = GvIO(gv);
2456 PerlIO *const fp = io ? IoIFP(io) : NULL;
16d20bd9 2457
0bcc34c2 2458 /* XXX Looks to me like io is always NULL at this point */
a0d0e21e 2459 if (fp) {
68dc0745 2460 (void)PerlIO_flush(fp);
76e3520e 2461 value = (I32)(PerlLIO_flock(PerlIO_fileno(fp), argtype) >= 0);
a0d0e21e 2462 }
cb50131a 2463 else {
51087808 2464 report_evil_fh(gv);
a0d0e21e 2465 value = 0;
93189314 2466 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
cb50131a 2467 }
a0d0e21e
LW
2468 PUSHi(value);
2469 RETURN;
2470#else
56a94ef2 2471 DIE(aTHX_ PL_no_func, "flock");
a0d0e21e
LW
2472#endif
2473}
2474
2475/* Sockets. */
2476
7627e6d0
NC
2477#ifdef HAS_SOCKET
2478
a0d0e21e
LW
2479PP(pp_socket)
2480{
20b7effb 2481 dSP;
7452cf6a
AL
2482 const int protocol = POPi;
2483 const int type = POPi;
2484 const int domain = POPi;
159b6efe 2485 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
5805b585 2486 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
a0d0e21e
LW
2487 int fd;
2488
57171420
BS
2489 if (IoIFP(io))
2490 do_close(gv, FALSE);
2491
a0d0e21e 2492 TAINT_PROPER("socket");
6ad3d225 2493 fd = PerlSock_socket(domain, type, protocol);
375ed12a
JH
2494 if (fd < 0) {
2495 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
a0d0e21e 2496 RETPUSHUNDEF;
375ed12a 2497 }
460c8493
IZ
2498 IoIFP(io) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd, "r"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE); /* stdio gets confused about sockets */
2499 IoOFP(io) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd, "w"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
50952442 2500 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_SOCKET;
a0d0e21e 2501 if (!IoIFP(io) || !IoOFP(io)) {
760ac839
LW
2502 if (IoIFP(io)) PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io));
2503 if (IoOFP(io)) PerlIO_close(IoOFP(io));
6ad3d225 2504 if (!IoIFP(io) && !IoOFP(io)) PerlLIO_close(fd);
a0d0e21e
LW
2505 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2506 }
131d45a9
JH
2507#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD) && defined(FD_CLOEXEC)
2508 /* ensure close-on-exec */
2509 if (fd > PL_maxsysfd && fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) < 0)
375ed12a 2510 RETPUSHUNDEF;
8d2a6795 2511#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2512
2513 RETPUSHYES;
a0d0e21e 2514}
7627e6d0 2515#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2516
2517PP(pp_sockpair)
2518{
c95c94b1 2519#if defined (HAS_SOCKETPAIR) || (defined (HAS_SOCKET) && defined(SOCK_DGRAM) && defined(AF_INET) && defined(PF_INET))
20b7effb 2520 dSP;
e0b7b5e2 2521 int fd[2];
7452cf6a
AL
2522 const int protocol = POPi;
2523 const int type = POPi;
2524 const int domain = POPi;
e0b7b5e2 2525
159b6efe 2526 GV * const gv2 = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
49561e08
FC
2527 IO * const io2 = GvIOn(gv2);
2528 GV * const gv1 = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
2529 IO * const io1 = GvIOn(gv1);
a0d0e21e 2530
49561e08 2531 if (IoIFP(io1))
dc0d0a5f 2532 do_close(gv1, FALSE);
49561e08 2533 if (IoIFP(io2))
dc0d0a5f 2534 do_close(gv2, FALSE);
57171420 2535
a0d0e21e 2536 TAINT_PROPER("socketpair");
6ad3d225 2537 if (PerlSock_socketpair(domain, type, protocol, fd) < 0)
a0d0e21e 2538 RETPUSHUNDEF;
460c8493
IZ
2539 IoIFP(io1) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[0], "r"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
2540 IoOFP(io1) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[0], "w"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
50952442 2541 IoTYPE(io1) = IoTYPE_SOCKET;
460c8493
IZ
2542 IoIFP(io2) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[1], "r"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
2543 IoOFP(io2) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[1], "w"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
50952442 2544 IoTYPE(io2) = IoTYPE_SOCKET;
a0d0e21e 2545 if (!IoIFP(io1) || !IoOFP(io1) || !IoIFP(io2) || !IoOFP(io2)) {
760ac839
LW
2546 if (IoIFP(io1)) PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io1));
2547 if (IoOFP(io1)) PerlIO_close(IoOFP(io1));
6ad3d225 2548 if (!IoIFP(io1) && !IoOFP(io1)) PerlLIO_close(fd[0]);
760ac839
LW
2549 if (IoIFP(io2)) PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io2));
2550 if (IoOFP(io2)) PerlIO_close(IoOFP(io2));
6ad3d225 2551 if (!IoIFP(io2) && !IoOFP(io2)) PerlLIO_close(fd[1]);
a0d0e21e
LW
2552 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2553 }
131d45a9 2554#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD) && defined(FD_CLOEXEC)
375ed12a 2555 /* ensure close-on-exec */
131d45a9
JH
2556 if ((fd[0] > PL_maxsysfd && fcntl(fd[0], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) < 0) ||
2557 (fd[1] > PL_maxsysfd && fcntl(fd[1], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) < 0))
375ed12a 2558 RETPUSHUNDEF;
8d2a6795 2559#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2560
2561 RETPUSHYES;
2562#else
cea2e8a9 2563 DIE(aTHX_ PL_no_sock_func, "socketpair");
a0d0e21e
LW
2564#endif
2565}
2566
7627e6d0
NC
2567#ifdef HAS_SOCKET
2568
b1c05ba5
DM
2569/* also used for: pp_connect() */
2570
a0d0e21e
LW
2571PP(pp_bind)
2572{
20b7effb 2573 dSP;
7452cf6a 2574 SV * const addrsv = POPs;
349d4f2f
NC
2575 /* OK, so on what platform does bind modify addr? */
2576 const char *addr;
159b6efe 2577 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
eb578fdb 2578 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
a0d0e21e 2579 STRLEN len;
e0b7b5e2 2580 int op_type;
375ed12a 2581 int fd;
a0d0e21e 2582
8a6c0fcb 2583 if (!IoIFP(io))
a0d0e21e 2584 goto nuts;
375ed12a
JH
2585 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
2586 if (fd < 0)
2587 goto nuts;
a0d0e21e 2588
349d4f2f 2589 addr = SvPV_const(addrsv, len);
e0b7b5e2 2590 op_type = PL_op->op_type;
32b81f04
NC
2591 TAINT_PROPER(PL_op_desc[op_type]);
2592 if ((op_type == OP_BIND
375ed12a
JH
2593 ? PerlSock_bind(fd, (struct sockaddr *)addr, len)
2594 : PerlSock_connect(fd, (struct sockaddr *)addr, len))
32b81f04 2595 >= 0)
a0d0e21e
LW
2596 RETPUSHYES;
2597 else
2598 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2599
7b52d656 2600 nuts:
fbcda526 2601 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 2602 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
a0d0e21e 2603 RETPUSHUNDEF;
a0d0e21e
LW
2604}
2605
2606PP(pp_listen)
2607{
20b7effb 2608 dSP;
7452cf6a 2609 const int backlog = POPi;
159b6efe 2610 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
8a6c0fcb 2611 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
a0d0e21e 2612
8a6c0fcb 2613 if (!IoIFP(io))
a0d0e21e
LW
2614 goto nuts;
2615
6ad3d225 2616 if (PerlSock_listen(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io)), backlog) >= 0)
a0d0e21e
LW
2617 RETPUSHYES;
2618 else
2619 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2620
7b52d656 2621 nuts:
fbcda526 2622 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 2623 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
a0d0e21e 2624 RETPUSHUNDEF;
a0d0e21e
LW
2625}
2626
2627PP(pp_accept)
2628{
20b7effb 2629 dSP; dTARGET;
eb578fdb 2630 IO *nstio;
93d47a36 2631 char namebuf[MAXPATHLEN];
b5afd346 2632#if (defined(VMS_DO_SOCKETS) && defined(DECCRTL_SOCKETS)) || defined(__QNXNTO__)
93d47a36
JH
2633 Sock_size_t len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in);
2634#else
2635 Sock_size_t len = sizeof namebuf;
2636#endif
159b6efe
NC
2637 GV * const ggv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
2638 GV * const ngv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
a0d0e21e
LW
2639 int fd;
2640
8a6c0fcb 2641 IO * const gstio = GvIO(ggv);
a0d0e21e
LW
2642 if (!gstio || !IoIFP(gstio))
2643 goto nuts;
2644
2645 nstio = GvIOn(ngv);
93d47a36 2646 fd = PerlSock_accept(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(gstio)), (struct sockaddr *) namebuf, &len);
e294cc5d
JH
2647#if defined(OEMVS)
2648 if (len == 0) {
2649 /* Some platforms indicate zero length when an AF_UNIX client is
2650 * not bound. Simulate a non-zero-length sockaddr structure in
2651 * this case. */
2652 namebuf[0] = 0; /* sun_len */
2653 namebuf[1] = AF_UNIX; /* sun_family */
2654 len = 2;
2655 }
2656#endif
2657
a0d0e21e
LW
2658 if (fd < 0)
2659 goto badexit;
a70048fb
AB
2660 if (IoIFP(nstio))
2661 do_close(ngv, FALSE);
460c8493
IZ
2662 IoIFP(nstio) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd, "r"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
2663 IoOFP(nstio) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd, "w"SOCKET_OPEN_MODE);
50952442 2664 IoTYPE(nstio) = IoTYPE_SOCKET;
a0d0e21e 2665 if (!IoIFP(nstio) || !IoOFP(nstio)) {
760ac839
LW
2666 if (IoIFP(nstio)) PerlIO_close(IoIFP(nstio));
2667 if (IoOFP(nstio)) PerlIO_close(IoOFP(nstio));
6ad3d225 2668 if (!IoIFP(nstio) && !IoOFP(nstio)) PerlLIO_close(fd);
a0d0e21e
LW
2669 goto badexit;
2670 }
131d45a9
JH
2671#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD) && defined(FD_CLOEXEC)
2672 /* ensure close-on-exec */
2673 if (fd > PL_maxsysfd && fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) < 0)
375ed12a 2674 goto badexit;
8d2a6795 2675#endif
a0d0e21e 2676
381c1bae 2677#ifdef __SCO_VERSION__
93d47a36 2678 len = sizeof (struct sockaddr_in); /* OpenUNIX 8 somehow truncates info */
381c1bae 2679#endif
ed79a026 2680
93d47a36 2681 PUSHp(namebuf, len);
a0d0e21e
LW
2682 RETURN;
2683
7b52d656 2684 nuts:
fbcda526 2685 report_evil_fh(ggv);
93189314 2686 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
a0d0e21e 2687
7b52d656 2688 badexit:
a0d0e21e
LW
2689 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2690
a0d0e21e
LW
2691}
2692
2693PP(pp_shutdown)
2694{
20b7effb 2695 dSP; dTARGET;
7452cf6a 2696 const int how = POPi;
159b6efe 2697 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
eb578fdb 2698 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
a0d0e21e 2699
8a6c0fcb 2700 if (!IoIFP(io))
a0d0e21e
LW
2701 goto nuts;
2702
6ad3d225 2703 PUSHi( PerlSock_shutdown(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io)), how) >= 0 );
a0d0e21e
LW
2704 RETURN;
2705
7b52d656 2706 nuts:
fbcda526 2707 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 2708 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
a0d0e21e 2709 RETPUSHUNDEF;
a0d0e21e
LW
2710}
2711
b1c05ba5
DM
2712
2713/* also used for: pp_gsockopt() */
2714
a0d0e21e
LW
2715PP(pp_ssockopt)
2716{
20b7effb 2717 dSP;
7452cf6a 2718 const int optype = PL_op->op_type;
561b68a9 2719 SV * const sv = (optype == OP_GSOCKOPT) ? sv_2mortal(newSV(257)) : POPs;
7452cf6a
AL
2720 const unsigned int optname = (unsigned int) POPi;
2721 const unsigned int lvl = (unsigned int) POPi;
159b6efe 2722 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
eb578fdb 2723 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
a0d0e21e 2724 int fd;
1e422769 2725 Sock_size_t len;
a0d0e21e 2726
49225470 2727 if (!IoIFP(io))
a0d0e21e
LW
2728 goto nuts;
2729
760ac839 2730 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
375ed12a
JH
2731 if (fd < 0)
2732 goto nuts;
a0d0e21e
LW
2733 switch (optype) {
2734 case OP_GSOCKOPT:
748a9306 2735 SvGROW(sv, 257);
a0d0e21e 2736 (void)SvPOK_only(sv);
748a9306
LW
2737 SvCUR_set(sv,256);
2738 *SvEND(sv) ='\0';
1e422769 2739 len = SvCUR(sv);
6ad3d225 2740 if (PerlSock_getsockopt(fd, lvl, optname, SvPVX(sv), &len) < 0)
a0d0e21e 2741 goto nuts2;
ee2276e5
JH
2742#if defined(_AIX)
2743 /* XXX Configure test: does getsockopt set the length properly? */
2744 if (len == 256)
2745 len = sizeof(int);
2746#endif
1e422769 2747 SvCUR_set(sv, len);
748a9306 2748 *SvEND(sv) ='\0';
a0d0e21e
LW
2749 PUSHs(sv);
2750 break;
2751 case OP_SSOCKOPT: {
1215b447
JH
2752#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__)
2753# define SETSOCKOPT_OPTION_VALUE_T void *
2754#else
2755# define SETSOCKOPT_OPTION_VALUE_T const char *
2756#endif
2757 /* XXX TODO: We need to have a proper type (a Configure probe,
2758 * etc.) for what the C headers think of the third argument of
2759 * setsockopt(), the option_value read-only buffer: is it
2760 * a "char *", or a "void *", const or not. Some compilers
2761 * don't take kindly to e.g. assuming that "char *" implicitly
2762 * promotes to a "void *", or to explicitly promoting/demoting
2763 * consts to non/vice versa. The "const void *" is the SUS
2764 * definition, but that does not fly everywhere for the above
2765 * reasons. */
2766 SETSOCKOPT_OPTION_VALUE_T buf;
1e422769
PP
2767 int aint;
2768 if (SvPOKp(sv)) {
2d8e6c8d 2769 STRLEN l;
1215b447 2770 buf = (SETSOCKOPT_OPTION_VALUE_T) SvPV_const(sv, l);
2d8e6c8d 2771 len = l;
1e422769 2772 }
56ee1660 2773 else {
a0d0e21e 2774 aint = (int)SvIV(sv);
1215b447 2775 buf = (SETSOCKOPT_OPTION_VALUE_T) &aint;
a0d0e21e
LW
2776 len = sizeof(int);
2777 }
6ad3d225 2778 if (PerlSock_setsockopt(fd, lvl, optname, buf, len) < 0)
a0d0e21e 2779 goto nuts2;
3280af22 2780 PUSHs(&PL_sv_yes);
a0d0e21e
LW
2781 }
2782 break;
2783 }
2784 RETURN;
2785
7b52d656 2786 nuts:
fbcda526 2787 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 2788 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
7b52d656 2789 nuts2:
a0d0e21e
LW
2790 RETPUSHUNDEF;
2791
a0d0e21e
LW
2792}
2793
b1c05ba5
DM
2794
2795/* also used for: pp_getsockname() */
2796
a0d0e21e
LW
2797PP(pp_getpeername)
2798{
20b7effb 2799 dSP;
7452cf6a 2800 const int optype = PL_op->op_type;
159b6efe 2801 GV * const gv = MUTABLE_GV(POPs);
eb578fdb 2802 IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
7452cf6a 2803 Sock_size_t len;
a0d0e21e
LW
2804 SV *sv;
2805 int fd;
a0d0e21e 2806
49225470 2807 if (!IoIFP(io))
a0d0e21e
LW
2808 goto nuts;
2809
561b68a9 2810 sv = sv_2mortal(newSV(257));
748a9306 2811 (void)SvPOK_only(sv);
1e422769
PP
2812 len = 256;
2813 SvCUR_set(sv, len);
748a9306 2814 *SvEND(sv) ='\0';
760ac839 2815 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
375ed12a
JH
2816 if (fd < 0)
2817 goto nuts;
a0d0e21e
LW
2818 switch (optype) {
2819 case OP_GETSOCKNAME:
6ad3d225 2820 if (PerlSock_getsockname(fd, (struct sockaddr *)SvPVX(sv), &len) < 0)
a0d0e21e
LW
2821 goto nuts2;
2822 break;
2823 case OP_GETPEERNAME:
6ad3d225 2824 if (PerlSock_getpeername(fd, (struct sockaddr *)SvPVX(sv), &len) < 0)
a0d0e21e 2825 goto nuts2;
490ab354
JH
2826#if defined(VMS_DO_SOCKETS) && defined (DECCRTL_SOCKETS)
2827 {
2828 static const char nowhere[] = "\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0";
2829 /* If the call succeeded, make sure we don't have a zeroed port/addr */
349d4f2f 2830 if (((struct sockaddr *)SvPVX_const(sv))->sa_family == AF_INET &&
2fbb330f 2831 !memcmp(SvPVX_const(sv) + sizeof(u_short), nowhere,
490ab354 2832 sizeof(u_short) + sizeof(struct in_addr))) {
301e8125 2833 goto nuts2;
490ab354
JH
2834 }
2835 }
2836#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2837 break;
2838 }
13826f2c
CS
2839#ifdef BOGUS_GETNAME_RETURN
2840 /* Interactive Unix, getpeername() and getsockname()
2841 does not return valid namelen */
1e422769
PP
2842 if (len == BOGUS_GETNAME_RETURN)
2843 len = sizeof(struct sockaddr);
13826f2c 2844#endif
1e422769 2845 SvCUR_set(sv, len);
748a9306 2846 *SvEND(sv) ='\0';
a0d0e21e
LW
2847 PUSHs(sv);
2848 RETURN;
2849
7b52d656 2850 nuts:
fbcda526 2851 report_evil_fh(gv);
93189314 2852 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
7b52d656 2853 nuts2:
a0d0e21e 2854 RETPUSHUNDEF;
7627e6d0 2855}
a0d0e21e 2856
a0d0e21e 2857#endif
a0d0e21e
LW
2858
2859/* Stat calls. */
2860
b1c05ba5
DM
2861/* also used for: pp_lstat() */
2862
a0d0e21e
LW
2863PP(pp_stat)
2864{
39644a26 2865 dSP;
10edeb5d 2866 GV *gv = NULL;
55dd8d50 2867 IO *io = NULL;
54310121 2868 I32 gimme;
a0d0e21e 2869 I32 max = 13;
109c43ed 2870 SV* sv;
a0d0e21e 2871
109c43ed
FC
2872 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_REF ? (gv = cGVOP_gv, 1)
2873 : !!(sv=POPs, gv = MAYBE_DEREF_GV(sv))) {
8a4e5b40 2874 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_LSTAT) {
5d3e98de 2875 if (gv != PL_defgv) {
5d329e6e 2876 do_fstat_warning_check:
a2a5de95 2877 Perl_ck_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO),
93fad930
FC
2878 "lstat() on filehandle%s%"SVf,
2879 gv ? " " : "",
2880 SVfARG(gv
bf29d05f
BF
2881 ? sv_2mortal(newSVhek(GvENAME_HEK(gv)))
2882 : &PL_sv_no));
5d3e98de 2883 } else if (PL_laststype != OP_LSTAT)
b042df57 2884 /* diag_listed_as: The stat preceding %s wasn't an lstat */
8a4e5b40 2885 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "The stat preceding lstat() wasn't an lstat");
8a4e5b40
DD
2886 }
2887
2dd78f96 2888 if (gv != PL_defgv) {
b8413ac3 2889 bool havefp;
0d5064f1 2890 do_fstat_have_io:
b8413ac3 2891 havefp = FALSE;
3280af22 2892 PL_laststype = OP_STAT;
0d5064f1 2893 PL_statgv = gv ? gv : (GV *)io;
76f68e9b 2894 sv_setpvs(PL_statname, "");
5228a96c 2895 if(gv) {
ad02613c 2896 io = GvIO(gv);
0d5064f1
FC
2897 }
2898 if (io) {
5228a96c 2899 if (IoIFP(io)) {
375ed12a
JH
2900 int fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
2901 if (fd < 0) {
2902 PL_laststatval = -1;
2903 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
2904 } else {
2905 PL_laststatval = PerlLIO_fstat(fd, &PL_statcache);
2906 havefp = TRUE;
2907 }
5228a96c 2908 } else if (IoDIRP(io)) {
5228a96c 2909 PL_laststatval =
3497a01f 2910 PerlLIO_fstat(my_dirfd(IoDIRP(io)), &PL_statcache);
8080e3c8 2911 havefp = TRUE;
5228a96c
SP
2912 } else {
2913 PL_laststatval = -1;
2914 }
5228a96c 2915 }
05bb32d2 2916 else PL_laststatval = -1;
daa30a68 2917 if (PL_laststatval < 0 && !havefp) report_evil_fh(gv);
5228a96c
SP
2918 }
2919
9ddeeac9 2920 if (PL_laststatval < 0) {
a0d0e21e 2921 max = 0;
9ddeeac9 2922 }
a0d0e21e
LW
2923 }
2924 else {
7cb3f959 2925 const char *file;
109c43ed 2926 if (SvROK(sv) && SvTYPE(SvRV(sv)) == SVt_PVIO) {
a45c7426 2927 io = MUTABLE_IO(SvRV(sv));
ad02613c
SP
2928 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_LSTAT)
2929 goto do_fstat_warning_check;
2930 goto do_fstat_have_io;
2931 }
2932
4bac9ae4 2933 SvTAINTED_off(PL_statname); /* previous tainting irrelevant */
109c43ed 2934 sv_setpv(PL_statname, SvPV_nomg_const_nolen(sv));
a0714e2c 2935 PL_statgv = NULL;
533c011a 2936 PL_laststype = PL_op->op_type;
7cb3f959 2937 file = SvPV_nolen_const(PL_statname);
533c011a 2938 if (PL_op->op_type == OP_LSTAT)
7cb3f959 2939 PL_laststatval = PerlLIO_lstat(file, &PL_statcache);
a0d0e21e 2940 else
7cb3f959 2941 PL_laststatval = PerlLIO_stat(file, &PL_statcache);
3280af22 2942 if (PL_laststatval < 0) {
7cb3f959 2943 if (ckWARN(WARN_NEWLINE) && should_warn_nl(file)) {
5d37acd6
DM
2944 /* PL_warn_nl is constant */
2945 GCC_DIAG_IGNORE(-Wformat-nonliteral);
9014280d 2946 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_NEWLINE), PL_warn_nl, "stat");
5d37acd6
DM
2947 GCC_DIAG_RESTORE;
2948 }
a0d0e21e
LW
2949 max = 0;
2950 }
2951 }
2952
54310121
PP
2953 gimme = GIMME_V;
2954 if (gimme != G_ARRAY) {
2955 if (gimme != G_VOID)
2956 XPUSHs(boolSV(max));
2957 RETURN;
a0d0e21e
LW
2958 }
2959 if (max) {
36477c24
PP
2960 EXTEND(SP, max);
2961 EXTEND_MORTAL(max);
6e449a3a 2962 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_dev);
8d8cba88
TC
2963#if ST_INO_SIZE > IVSIZE
2964 mPUSHn(PL_statcache.st_ino);
2965#else
2966# if ST_INO_SIGN <= 0
6e449a3a 2967 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_ino);
8d8cba88
TC
2968# else
2969 mPUSHu(PL_statcache.st_ino);
2970# endif
2971#endif
6e449a3a
MHM
2972 mPUSHu(PL_statcache.st_mode);
2973 mPUSHu(PL_statcache.st_nlink);
dfff4baf
BF
2974
2975 sv_setuid(PUSHmortal, PL_statcache.st_uid);
2976 sv_setgid(PUSHmortal, PL_statcache.st_gid);
2977
cbdc8872 2978#ifdef USE_STAT_RDEV
6e449a3a 2979 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_rdev);
cbdc8872 2980#else
84bafc02 2981 PUSHs(newSVpvs_flags("", SVs_TEMP));
cbdc8872 2982#endif
146174a9 2983#if Off_t_size > IVSIZE
6e449a3a 2984 mPUSHn(PL_statcache.st_size);
146174a9 2985#else
6e449a3a 2986 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_size);
146174a9 2987#endif
cbdc8872 2988#ifdef BIG_TIME
6e449a3a
MHM
2989 mPUSHn(PL_statcache.st_atime);
2990 mPUSHn(PL_statcache.st_mtime);
2991 mPUSHn(PL_statcache.st_ctime);
cbdc8872 2992#else
6e449a3a
MHM
2993 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_atime);
2994 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_mtime);
2995 mPUSHi(PL_statcache.st_ctime);
cbdc8872 2996#endif
a0d0e21e 2997#ifdef USE_STAT_BLOCKS
6e449a3a
MHM
2998 mPUSHu(PL_statcache.st_blksize);
2999 mPUSHu(PL_statcache.st_blocks);
a0d0e21e 3000#else
84bafc02
NC
3001 PUSHs(newSVpvs_flags("", SVs_TEMP));
3002 PUSHs(newSVpvs_flags("", SVs_TEMP));
a0d0e21e
LW
3003#endif
3004 }
3005 RETURN;
3006}
3007
6c48f025
NC
3008/* All filetest ops avoid manipulating the perl stack pointer in their main
3009 bodies (since commit d2c4d2d1e22d3125), and return using either
3010 S_ft_return_false() or S_ft_return_true(). These two helper functions are
3011 the only two which manipulate the perl stack. To ensure that no stack
3012 manipulation macros are used, the filetest ops avoid defining a local copy
3013 of the stack pointer with dSP. */
3014
8db8f6b6
FC
3015/* If the next filetest is stacked up with this one
3016 (PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKING), we leave
3017 the original argument on the stack for success,
3018 and skip the stacked operators on failure.
3019 The next few macros/functions take care of this.
3020*/
3021
3022static OP *
9a6b02e8 3023S_ft_return_false(pTHX_ SV *ret) {
8db8f6b6 3024 OP *next = NORMAL;
697f9d37
NC
3025 dSP;
3026
226b9201 3027 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_REF) XPUSHs(ret);
8db8f6b6
FC
3028 else SETs(ret);
3029 PUTBACK;
697f9d37 3030
9a6b02e8
NC
3031 if (PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKING) {
3032 while (OP_IS_FILETEST(next->op_type)
3033 && next->op_private & OPpFT_STACKED)
3034 next = next->op_next;
3035 }
8db8f6b6
FC
3036 return next;
3037}
3038
07ed4d4b
NC
3039PERL_STATIC_INLINE OP *
3040S_ft_return_true(pTHX_ SV *ret) {
3041 dSP;
3042 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_REF)
3043 XPUSHs(PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKING ? (SV *)cGVOP_gv : (ret));
3044 else if (!(PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKING))
3045 SETs(ret);
3046 PUTBACK;
3047 return NORMAL;
3048}
8db8f6b6 3049
48d023d6
NC
3050#define FT_RETURNNO return S_ft_return_false(aTHX_ &PL_sv_no)
3051#define FT_RETURNUNDEF return S_ft_return_false(aTHX_ &PL_sv_undef)
3052#define FT_RETURNYES return S_ft_return_true(aTHX_ &PL_sv_yes)
8db8f6b6 3053
6f1401dc 3054#define tryAMAGICftest_MG(chr) STMT_START { \
d2f67720 3055 if ( (SvFLAGS(*PL_stack_sp) & (SVf_ROK|SVs_GMG)) \
8db8f6b6
FC
3056 && PL_op->op_flags & OPf_KIDS) { \
3057 OP *next = S_try_amagic_ftest(aTHX_ chr); \
3058 if (next) return next; \
3059 } \
6f1401dc
DM
3060 } STMT_END
3061
8db8f6b6 3062STATIC OP *
6f1401dc 3063S_try_amagic_ftest(pTHX_ char chr) {
d2f67720 3064 SV *const arg = *PL_stack_sp;
6f1401dc
DM
3065
3066 assert(chr != '?');
c5780028 3067 if (!(PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKING)) SvGETMAGIC(arg);
6f1401dc 3068
d2f67720 3069 if (SvAMAGIC(arg))
6f1401dc
DM
3070 {
3071 const char tmpchr = chr;
6f1401dc
DM
3072 SV * const tmpsv = amagic_call(arg,
3073 newSVpvn_flags(&tmpchr, 1, SVs_TEMP),
3074 ftest_amg, AMGf_unary);
3075
3076 if (!tmpsv)
8db8f6b6 3077 return NULL;
6f1401dc 3078
48d023d6
NC
3079 return SvTRUE(tmpsv)
3080 ? S_ft_return_true(aTHX_ tmpsv) : S_ft_return_false(aTHX_ tmpsv);
6f1401dc 3081 }
8db8f6b6 3082 return NULL;
6f1401dc
DM
3083}
3084
3085
b1c05ba5
DM
3086/* also used for: pp_fteexec() pp_fteread() pp_ftewrite() pp_ftrexec()
3087 * pp_ftrwrite() */
3088
a0d0e21e
LW
3089PP(pp_ftrread)
3090{
9cad6237 3091 I32 result;
af9e49b4 3092 /* Not const, because things tweak this below. Not bool, because there's
f3574cc6 3093 no guarantee that OPpFT_ACCESS is <= CHAR_MAX */
af9e49b4
NC
3094#if defined(HAS_ACCESS) || defined (PERL_EFF_ACCESS)
3095 I32 use_access = PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_ACCESS;
3096 /* Giving some sort of initial value silences compilers. */
3097# ifdef R_OK
3098 int access_mode = R_OK;
3099# else
3100 int access_mode = 0;
3101# endif
5ff3f7a4 3102#else
af9e49b4
NC
3103 /* access_mode is never used, but leaving use_access in makes the
3104 conditional compiling below much clearer. */
3105 I32 use_access = 0;
5ff3f7a4 3106#endif
2dcac756 3107 Mode_t stat_mode = S_IRUSR;
a0d0e21e 3108
af9e49b4 3109 bool effective = FALSE;
07fe7c6a 3110 char opchar = '?';
af9e49b4 3111
7fb13887
BM
3112 switch (PL_op->op_type) {
3113 case OP_FTRREAD: opchar = 'R'; break;
3114 case OP_FTRWRITE: opchar = 'W'; break;
3115 case OP_FTREXEC: opchar = 'X'; break;
3116 case OP_FTEREAD: opchar = 'r'; break;
3117 case OP_FTEWRITE: opchar = 'w'; break;
3118 case OP_FTEEXEC: opchar = 'x'; break;
3119 }
6f1401dc 3120 tryAMAGICftest_MG(opchar);
7fb13887 3121
af9e49b4
NC
3122 switch (PL_op->op_type) {
3123 case OP_FTRREAD:
3124#if !(defined(HAS_ACCESS) && defined(R_OK))
3125 use_access = 0;
3126#endif
3127 break;
3128
3129 case OP_FTRWRITE:
5ff3f7a4 3130#if defined(HAS_ACCESS) && defined(W_OK)
af9e49b4 3131 access_mode = W_OK;
5ff3f7a4 3132#else
af9e49b4 3133 use_access = 0;
5ff3f7a4 3134#endif
af9e49b4
NC
3135 stat_mode = S_IWUSR;
3136 break;
a0d0e21e 3137
af9e49b4 3138 case OP_FTREXEC:
5ff3f7a4 3139#if defined(HAS_ACCESS) && defined(X_OK)
af9e49b4 3140 access_mode = X_OK;
5ff3f7a4 3141#else
af9e49b4 3142 use_access = 0;
5ff3f7a4 3143#endif
af9e49b4
NC
3144 stat_mode = S_IXUSR;
3145 break;
a0d0e21e 3146
af9e49b4 3147 case OP_FTEWRITE:
faee0e31 3148#ifdef PERL_EFF_ACCESS
af9e49b4 3149 access_mode = W_OK;
5ff3f7a4 3150#endif
af9e49b4 3151 stat_mode = S_IWUSR;
924ba076 3152 /* FALLTHROUGH */
a0d0e21e 3153
af9e49b4
NC
3154 case OP_FTEREAD:
3155#ifndef PERL_EFF_ACCESS
3156 use_access = 0;
3157#endif
3158 effective = TRUE;
3159 break;
3160
af9e49b4 3161 case OP_FTEEXEC:
faee0e31 3162#ifdef PERL_EFF_ACCESS
b376053d 3163 access_mode = X_OK;
5ff3f7a4 3164#else
af9e49b4 3165 use_access = 0;
5ff3f7a4 3166#endif
af9e49b4
NC
3167 stat_mode = S_IXUSR;
3168 effective = TRUE;
3169 break;
3170 }
a0d0e21e 3171
af9e49b4
NC
3172 if (use_access) {
3173#if defined(HAS_ACCESS) || defined (PERL_EFF_ACCESS)
d2f67720 3174 const char *name = SvPV_nolen(*PL_stack_sp);
af9e49b4
NC
3175 if (effective) {
3176# ifdef PERL_EFF_ACCESS
3177 result = PERL_EFF_ACCESS(name, access_mode);
3178# else
3179 DIE(aTHX_ "panic: attempt to call PERL_EFF_ACCESS in %s",
3180 OP_NAME(PL_op));
3181# endif
3182 }
3183 else {
3184# ifdef HAS_ACCESS
3185 result = access(name, access_mode);
3186# else
3187 DIE(aTHX_ "panic: attempt to call access() in %s", OP_NAME(PL_op));
3188# endif
3189 }
5ff3f7a4 3190 if (result == 0)
d2c4d2d1 3191 FT_RETURNYES;
5ff3f7a4 3192 if (result < 0)
d2c4d2d1
FC
3193 FT_RETURNUNDEF;
3194 FT_RETURNNO;
af9e49b4 3195#endif
22865c03 3196 }
af9e49b4 3197
40c852de 3198 result = my_stat_flags(0);
a0d0e21e 3199 if (result < 0)
8db8f6b6 3200 FT_RETURNUNDEF;
af9e49b4 3201 if (cando(stat_mode, effective, &PL_statcache))
8db8f6b6
FC
3202 FT_RETURNYES;
3203 FT_RETURNNO;
a0d0e21e
LW
3204}
3205
b1c05ba5
DM
3206
3207/* also used for: pp_ftatime() pp_ftctime() pp_ftmtime() pp_ftsize() */
3208
a0d0e21e
LW
3209PP(pp_ftis)
3210{
fbb0b3b3 3211 I32 result;
d7f0a2f4 3212 const int op_type = PL_op->op_type;
07fe7c6a 3213 char opchar = '?';
07fe7c6a
BM
3214
3215 switch (op_type) {
3216 case OP_FTIS: opchar = 'e'; break;
3217 case OP_FTSIZE: opchar = 's'; break;
3218 case OP_FTMTIME: opchar = 'M'; break;
3219 case OP_FTCTIME: opchar = 'C'; break;
3220 case OP_FTATIME: opchar = 'A'; break;
3221 }
6f1401dc 3222 tryAMAGICftest_MG(opchar);
07fe7c6a 3223
40c852de 3224 result = my_stat_flags(0);
a0d0e21e 3225 if (result < 0)
8db8f6b6 3226 FT_RETURNUNDEF;
d7f0a2f4 3227 if (op_type == OP_FTIS)
8db8f6b6 3228 FT_RETURNYES;
957b0e1d 3229 {
d7f0a2f4
NC
3230 /* You can't dTARGET inside OP_FTIS, because you'll get
3231 "panic: pad_sv po" - the op is not flagged to have a target. */
957b0e1d 3232 dTARGET;
d7f0a2f4 3233 switch (op_type) {
957b0e1d
NC
3234 case OP_FTSIZE:
3235#if Off_t_size > IVSIZE
8db8f6b6 3236 sv_setnv(TARG, (NV)PL_statcache.st_size);
957b0e1d 3237#else
8db8f6b6 3238 sv_setiv(TARG, (IV)PL_statcache.st_size);
957b0e1d
NC
3239#endif
3240 break;
3241 case OP_FTMTIME:
8db8f6b6
FC
3242 sv_setnv(TARG,
3243 ((NV)PL_basetime - PL_statcache.st_mtime) / 86400.0 );
957b0e1d
NC
3244 break;
3245 case OP_FTATIME:
8db8f6b6
FC
3246 sv_setnv(TARG,
3247 ((NV)PL_basetime - PL_statcache.st_atime) / 86400.0 );
957b0e1d
NC
3248 break;
3249 case OP_FTCTIME:
8db8f6b6
FC
3250 sv_setnv(TARG,
3251 ((NV)PL_basetime - PL_statcache.st_ctime) / 86400.0 );
957b0e1d
NC
3252 break;
3253 }
8db8f6b6 3254 SvSETMAGIC(TARG);
48d023d6
NC
3255 return SvTRUE_nomg(TARG)
3256 ? S_ft_return_true(aTHX_ TARG) : S_ft_return_false(aTHX_ TARG);
957b0e1d 3257 }
a0d0e21e
LW
3258}
3259
b1c05ba5
DM
3260
3261/* also used for: pp_ftblk() pp_ftchr() pp_ftdir() pp_fteowned()
3262 * pp_ftfile() pp_ftpipe() pp_ftsgid() pp_ftsock()
3263 * pp_ftsuid() pp_ftsvtx() pp_ftzero() */
3264
a0d0e21e
LW
3265PP(pp_ftrowned)
3266{
fbb0b3b3 3267 I32 result;
07fe7c6a 3268 char opchar = '?';
17ad201a 3269
7fb13887
BM
3270 switch (PL_op->op_type) {
3271 case OP_FTROWNED: opchar = 'O'; break;
3272 case OP_FTEOWNED: opchar = 'o'; break;
3273 case OP_FTZERO: opchar = 'z'; break;
3274 case OP_FTSOCK: opchar = 'S'; break;
3275 case OP_FTCHR: opchar = 'c'; break;
3276 case OP_FTBLK: opchar = 'b'; break;
3277 case OP_FTFILE: opchar = 'f'; break;
3278 case OP_FTDIR: opchar = 'd'; break;
3279 case OP_FTPIPE: opchar = 'p'; break;
3280 case OP_FTSUID: opchar = 'u'; break;
3281 case OP_FTSGID: opchar = 'g'; break;
3282 case OP_FTSVTX: opchar = 'k'; break;
3283 }
6f1401dc 3284 tryAMAGICftest_MG(opchar);
7fb13887 3285
17ad201a
NC
3286 /* I believe that all these three are likely to be defined on most every
3287 system these days. */
3288#ifndef S_ISUID
c410dd6a 3289 if(PL_op->op_type == OP_FTSUID) {
8db8f6b6 3290 FT_RETURNNO;
c410dd6a 3291 }
17ad201a
NC
3292#endif
3293#ifndef S_ISGID
c410dd6a 3294 if(PL_op->op_type == OP_FTSGID) {
8db8f6b6 3295 FT_RETURNNO;
c410dd6a 3296 }
17ad201a
NC
3297#endif
3298#ifndef S_ISVTX
c410dd6a 3299 if(PL_op->op_type == OP_FTSVTX) {
8db8f6b6 3300 FT_RETURNNO;
c410dd6a 3301 }
17ad201a
NC
3302#endif
3303
40c852de 3304 result = my_stat_flags(0);
a0d0e21e 3305 if (result < 0)
8db8f6b6 3306 FT_RETURNUNDEF;
f1cb2d48
NC
3307 switch (PL_op->op_type) {
3308 case OP_FTROWNED:
985213f2 3309 if (PL_statcache.st_uid == PerlProc_getuid())
8db8f6b6 3310 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3311 break;
3312 case OP_FTEOWNED:
985213f2 3313 if (PL_statcache.st_uid == PerlProc_geteuid())
8db8f6b6 3314 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3315 break;
3316 case OP_FTZERO:
3317 if (PL_statcache.st_size == 0)
8db8f6b6 3318 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3319 break;
3320 case OP_FTSOCK:
3321 if (S_ISSOCK(PL_statcache.st_mode))
8db8f6b6 3322 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3323 break;
3324 case OP_FTCHR:
3325 if (S_ISCHR(PL_statcache.st_mode))
8db8f6b6 3326 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3327 break;
3328 case OP_FTBLK:
3329 if (S_ISBLK(PL_statcache.st_mode))
8db8f6b6 3330 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3331 break;
3332 case OP_FTFILE:
3333 if (S_ISREG(PL_statcache.st_mode))
8db8f6b6 3334 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3335 break;
3336 case OP_FTDIR:
3337 if (S_ISDIR(PL_statcache.st_mode))
8db8f6b6 3338 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48
NC
3339 break;
3340 case OP_FTPIPE:
3341 if (S_ISFIFO(PL_statcache.st_mode))
8db8f6b6 3342 FT_RETURNYES;
f1cb2d48 3343 break;
a0d0e21e 3344#ifdef S_ISUID
17ad201a
NC
3345 case OP_FTSUID:
3346 if (PL_statcache.st_mode & S_ISUID)
8db8f6b6 3347 FT_RETURNYES;
17ad201a 3348 break;
a0d0e21e 3349#endif
a0d0e21e 3350#ifdef S_ISGID
17ad201a
NC
3351 case OP_FTSGID:
3352 if (PL_statcache.st_mode & S_ISGID)
8db8f6b6 3353 FT_RETURNYES;
17ad201a
NC
3354 break;
3355#endif
3356#ifdef S_ISVTX
3357 case OP_FTSVTX:
3358 if (PL_statcache.st_mode & S_ISVTX)
8db8f6b6 3359 FT_RETURNYES;
17ad201a