This is a live mirror of the Perl 5 development currently hosted at https://github.com/perl/perl5
Add shared hash key support
[perl5.git] / installperl
CommitLineData
c623bd54 1#!./perl
a0d0e21e 2BEGIN { @INC=('./lib', '../lib') }
a0d0e21e 3use File::Find;
fcbdbaa8 4use File::Path qw(mkpath);
4633a7c4 5use Config;
39add537 6use subs qw(unlink rename link chmod);
c623bd54 7
bee1dbe2 8$mainperldir = "/usr/bin";
39add537 9$exe_ext = $Config{exe_ext};
bee1dbe2 10
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11while (@ARGV) {
12 $nonono = 1 if $ARGV[0] eq '-n';
13 $versiononly = 1 if $ARGV[0] eq '-v';
14 shift;
15}
16
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17umask 022;
18
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19@scripts = qw(cppstdin
20 utils/c2ph utils/h2ph utils/h2xs utils/pstruct
21 utils/perlbug utils/perldoc
22 x2p/s2p x2p/find2perl
23 pod/pod2man pod/pod2html pod/pod2latex pod/pod2text);
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24
25# pod documentation now handled by separate installman script.
26# These two are archaic leftovers.
dd6decf0 27@manpages = qw(x2p/a2p.man x2p/s2p.man);
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28
29@pods = (<pod/*.pod>);
c623bd54 30
748a9306 31$ver = $];
4633a7c4 32$release = substr($ver,0,3); # Not used presently.
bee1dbe2 33$patchlevel = substr($ver,3,2);
748a9306 34die "Patchlevel of perl ($patchlevel)",
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35 "and patchlevel of config.sh ($Config{'PATCHLEVEL'}) don't match\n"
36 if $patchlevel != $Config{'PATCHLEVEL'};
37
38# Fetch some frequently-used items from %Config
39$installbin = $Config{installbin};
40$installscript = $Config{installscript};
41$installprivlib = $Config{installprivlib};
42$installarchlib = $Config{installarchlib};
43$installsitelib = $Config{installsitelib};
44$installsitearch = $Config{installsitearch};
45$installman1dir = $Config{installman1dir};
46$man1ext = $Config{man1ext};
47# Did we build libperl as a shared library?
48$d_shrplib = $Config{d_shrplib};
49$shrpdir = $Config{shrpdir};
50# Shared library and dynamic loading suffixes.
51$so = $Config{so};
52$dlext = $Config{dlext};
53
54$d_dosuid = $Config{d_dosuid};
55$binexp = $Config{binexp};
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56
57# Do some quick sanity checks.
58
59if ($d_dosuid && $>) { die "You must run as root to install suidperl\n"; }
60
fe14fcc3 61 $installbin || die "No installbin directory in config.sh\n";
fcbdbaa8 62-d $installbin || mkpath($installbin, 1, 0777);
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63-d $installbin || die "$installbin is not a directory\n";
64-w $installbin || die "$installbin is not writable by you\n"
3edbfbe5 65 unless $installbin =~ m#^/afs/# || $nonono;
c623bd54 66
39add537
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67-x 'perl' . $exe_ext || die "perl isn't executable!\n";
68-x 'suidperl' . $exe_ext|| die "suidperl isn't executable!\n" if $d_dosuid;
c623bd54 69
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70-x 't/TEST' || warn "WARNING: You've never run 'make test'!!!",
71 " (Installing anyway.)\n";
c623bd54 72
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73if ($d_shrplib) {
74 if (!<libperl*.$so*>) {
75 warn "WARNING: Can't find libperl*.$so* to install into $shrpdir.",
76 " (Installing other things anyway.)\n";
77 } else {
fcbdbaa8 78 mkpath($shrpdir, 1, 0777);
c07a80fd 79 -w $shrpdir || $nonono || die "$shrpdir is not writable by you\n";
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80 &cmd("cp libperl*.$so* $shrpdir");
81 }
82}
83
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84# First we install the version-numbered executables.
85
39add537
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86&safe_unlink("$installbin/perl$ver$exe_ext");
87&cmd("cp perl$exe_ext $installbin/perl$ver$exe_ext");
c623bd54 88
39add537 89&safe_unlink("$installbin/sperl$ver$exe_ext");
c623bd54 90if ($d_dosuid) {
39add537
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91 &cmd("cp suidperl$exe_ext $installbin/sperl$ver$exe_ext");
92 &chmod(04711, "$installbin/sperl$ver$exe_ext");
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93}
94
95exit 0 if $versiononly;
96
fe14fcc3 97# Make links to ordinary names if installbin directory isn't current directory.
c623bd54 98
ecfc5424 99if (! &samepath($installbin, '.')) {
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100 &safe_unlink("$installbin/perl$exe_ext", "$installbin/suidperl$exe_ext");
101 &link("$installbin/perl$ver$exe_ext", "$installbin/perl$exe_ext");
102 &link("$installbin/sperl$ver$exe_ext", "$installbin/suidperl$exe_ext")
103 if $d_dosuid;
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104}
105
ecfc5424 106if (! &samepath($installbin, 'x2p')) {
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107 &safe_unlink("$installbin/a2p$exe_ext");
108 &cmd("cp x2p/a2p$exe_ext $installbin/a2p$exe_ext");
109 &chmod(0755, "$installbin/a2p$exe_ext");
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110}
111
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112# Install scripts.
113
fcbdbaa8 114mkpath($installscript, 1, 0777);
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115
116for (@scripts) {
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117 if (-f $_) { # cppstdin might not exist on this system.
118 &cmd("cp $_ $installscript");
119 s#.*/##; &chmod(0755, "$installscript/$_");
120 }
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121}
122
16d20bd9 123# Install pod pages. Where? I guess in $installprivlib/pod.
fcbdbaa8 124mkpath("${installprivlib}/pod", 1, 0777);
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125foreach $file (@pods) {
126 # $file is a name like pod/perl.pod
127 cp_if_diff($file, "${installprivlib}/${file}");
128}
129
130# Install old man pages.
c623bd54 131
16d20bd9 132if ($installman1dir ne '') {
fcbdbaa8 133 mkpath($installman1dir, 1, 0777);
fe14fcc3 134
16d20bd9 135 if (! &samepath($installman1dir, '.')) {
fe14fcc3 136 for (@manpages) {
16d20bd9 137 ($new = $_) =~ s/man$/$man1ext/;
352d5a3a 138 $new =~ s#.*/##;
16d20bd9 139 print STDERR " Installing $installman1dir/$new\n";
fe14fcc3 140 next if $nonono;
bee1dbe2 141 open(MI,$_) || warn "Can't open $_: $!\n";
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142 open(MO,">$installman1dir/$new") ||
143 warn "Can't install $installman1dir/$new: $!\n";
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144 print MO ".ds RP Release $release Patchlevel $patchlevel\n";
145 while (<MI>) {
146 print MO;
147 }
148 close MI;
149 close MO;
150 }
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151 }
152}
153
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154# Install library files.
155
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156$do_installarchlib = $do_installprivlib = 0;
157
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158mkpath($installprivlib, 1, 0777);
159mkpath($installarchlib, 1, 0777);
160mkpath($installsitelib, 1, 0777) if ($installsitelib);
161mkpath($installsitearch, 1, 0777) if ($installsitearch);
4633a7c4 162
45d8adaa 163if (chdir "lib") {
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164 $do_installarchlib = ! &samepath($installarchlib, '.');
165 $do_installprivlib = ! &samepath($installprivlib, '.');
45d8adaa 166
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167 if ($do_installarchlib || $do_installprivlib) {
168 find(\&installlib, '.');
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169 }
170 chdir ".." || die "Can't cd back to source directory: $!\n";
171}
172else {
173 warn "Can't cd to lib to install lib files: $!\n";
174}
175
1aef975c 176# Install header files and libraries.
fcbdbaa8 177mkpath("$installarchlib/CORE", 1, 0777);
75f92628 178foreach $file (<*.h libperl*.*>) {
3edbfbe5 179 cp_if_diff($file,"$installarchlib/CORE/$file");
f13cebb0 180 &chmod(0444,"$installarchlib/CORE/$file");
3edbfbe5 181}
1aef975c 182# AIX needs perl.exp installed as well.
39add537 183cp_if_diff("perl.exp" ,"$installarchlib/CORE/perl.exp") if ($^O eq 'aix');
1aef975c 184
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185# If they have built sperl.o...
186cp_if_diff("sperl.o" ,"$installarchlib/CORE/sperl.o") if (-f 'sperl.o');
187
3edbfbe5 188
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189# Offer to install perl in a "standard" location
190
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191$mainperl_is_instperl = 0;
192
ecfc5424 193if (-w $mainperldir && ! &samepath($mainperldir, $installbin) && !$nonono) {
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194 # First make sure $mainperldir/perl is not already the same as
195 # the perl we just installed
39add537 196 if (-x "$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext") {
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197 # Try to be clever about mainperl being a symbolic link
198 # to binexp/perl if binexp and installbin are different.
199 $mainperl_is_instperl =
39add537 200 &samepath("$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext", "$installbin/perl$exe_ext") ||
a0d0e21e 201 (($binexp ne $installbin) &&
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202 (-l "$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext") &&
203 ((readlink "$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext") eq "$binexp/perl$exe_ext"));
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204 }
205 if ((! $mainperl_is_instperl) &&
206 (&yn("Many scripts expect perl to be installed as " .
207 "$mainperldir/perl.\n" .
208 "Do you wish to have $mainperldir/perl be the same as\n" .
209 "$binexp/perl? [y] ")))
210 {
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211 unlink("$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext");
212 eval 'link("$installbin/perl$exe_ext", "$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext")' ||
213 eval 'symlink("$binexp/perl$exe_ext", "$mainperldir/perl$exe_ext")' ||
214 &cmd("cp $installbin/perl$exe_ext $mainperldir$exe_ext");
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215 $mainperl_is_instperl = 1;
216 }
217}
218
219# Check to make sure there aren't other perls around in installer's
220# path. This is probably UNIX-specific. Check all absolute directories
221# in the path except for where public executables are supposed to live.
222# Also skip $mainperl if the user opted to have it be a link to the
223# installed perl.
224
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225$dirsep = ($^O eq 'os2') ? ';' : ':' ;
226($path = $ENV{"PATH"}) =~ s:\\:/:g ;
227@path = split(/$dirsep/, $path);
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228@otherperls = ();
229for (@path) {
230 next unless m,^/,;
231 next if ($_ eq $binexp);
232 # Use &samepath here because some systems have other dirs linked
233 # to $mainperldir (like SunOS)
234 next if ($mainperl_is_instperl && &samepath($_, $mainperldir));
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235 push(@otherperls, "$_/perl$exe_ext")
236 if (-x "$_/perl$exe_ext" && ! -d "$_/perl$exe_ext");
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237}
238if (@otherperls) {
239 print STDERR "\nWarning: perl appears in your path in the following " .
240 "locations beyond where\nwe just installed it:\n";
241 for (@otherperls) {
242 print STDERR " ", $_, "\n";
243 }
244 print STDERR "\n";
245}
246
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247print STDERR " Installation complete\n";
248
249exit 0;
250
251###############################################################################
252
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253sub yn {
254 local($prompt) = @_;
255 local($answer);
256 local($default) = $prompt =~ m/\[([yn])\]\s*$/i;
257 print STDERR $prompt;
258 chop($answer = <STDIN>);
259 $answer = $default if $answer =~ m/^\s*$/;
260 ($answer =~ m/^[yY]/);
261}
262
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263sub unlink {
264 local(@names) = @_;
39add537 265 my($cnt) = 0;
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266
267 foreach $name (@names) {
268 next unless -e $name;
39add537 269 chmod 0777, $name if $^O eq 'os2';
c623bd54 270 print STDERR " unlink $name\n";
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271 ( CORE::unlink($name) and ++$cnt
272 or warn "Couldn't unlink $name: $!\n" ) unless $nonono;
c623bd54 273 }
39add537 274 return $cnt;
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275}
276
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277sub safe_unlink {
278 local(@names) = @_;
279
280 foreach $name (@names) {
281 next unless -e $name;
e50aee73 282 next if $nonono;
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283 chmod 0777, $name if $^O eq 'os2';
284 print STDERR " unlink $name\n";
285 next if CORE::unlink($name);
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286 warn "Couldn't unlink $name: $!\n";
287 if ($! =~ /busy/i) {
288 print STDERR " mv $name $name.old\n";
289 &rename($name, "$name.old") || warn "Couldn't rename $name: $!\n";
290 }
291 }
292}
293
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294sub cmd {
295 local($cmd) = @_;
296 print STDERR " $cmd\n";
297 unless ($nonono) {
298 system $cmd;
299 warn "Command failed!!!\n" if $?;
300 }
301}
302
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303sub rename {
304 local($from,$to) = @_;
39add537 305 if (-f $to and not unlink($to)) {
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306 my($i);
307 for ($i = 1; $i < 50; $i++) {
39add537 308 last if CORE::rename($to, "$to.$i");
e50aee73 309 }
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310 warn("Cannot rename to `$to.$i': $!"), return 0
311 if $i >= 50; # Give up!
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312 }
313 link($from,$to) || return 0;
314 unlink($from);
315}
316
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317sub link {
318 local($from,$to) = @_;
319
320 print STDERR " ln $from $to\n";
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321 eval {
322 CORE::link($from,$to) || warn "Couldn't link $from to $to: $!\n" unless $nonono;
323 };
324 if ($@) {
325 system( $cp, $from, $to )
326 && warn "Couldn't copy $from to $to: $!\n" unless $nonono;
327 }
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328}
329
330sub chmod {
331 local($mode,$name) = @_;
332
333 printf STDERR " chmod %o %s\n", $mode, $name;
39add537 334 CORE::chmod($mode,$name) || warn sprintf("Couldn't chmod %o %s: $!\n",$mode,$name)
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335 unless $nonono;
336}
337
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338sub samepath {
339 local($p1, $p2) = @_;
340 local($dev1, $ino1, $dev2, $ino2);
341
75f92628 342 if ($p1 ne $p2) {
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343 ($dev1, $ino1) = stat($p1);
344 ($dev2, $ino2) = stat($p2);
345 ($dev1 == $dev2 && $ino1 == $ino2);
346 }
347 else {
348 1;
349 }
350}
351
352sub installlib {
353 my $dir = $File::Find::dir;
354 $dir =~ s#^\.(?![^/])/?##;
355
356 my $name = $_;
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357
358 # ignore patch backups and the .exists files.
359 return if $name =~ m{\.orig$|~$|^\.exists};
360
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361 $name = "$dir/$name" if $dir ne '';
362
363 my $installlib = $installprivlib;
364 if ((substr($dir, 0, 4) eq 'auto') || ($name eq 'Config.pm')) {
365 $installlib = $installarchlib;
366 return unless $do_installarchlib;
367 } else {
368 return unless $do_installprivlib;
369 }
370
a0d0e21e 371 if (-f $_) {
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372 if (/\.al$/ || /\.ix$/) {
373 $installlib = $installprivlib;
374 #We're installing *.al and *.ix files into $installprivlib,
375 #but we have to delete old *.al and *.ix files from the 5.000
376 #distribution:
75f92628 377 #This might not work because $archname might have changed.
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378 &unlink("$installarchlib/$name");
379 }
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380 system "cmp", "-s", $_, "$installlib/$name";
381 if ($?) {
382 &unlink("$installlib/$name");
fcbdbaa8 383 mkpath("$installlib/$dir", 1, 0777);
dd6decf0 384 cp_if_diff($_, "$installlib/$name");
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385 # HP-UX (at least) needs to maintain execute permissions
386 # on dynamically-loaded libraries.
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387 if ($name =~ /\.(so|$dlext)$/o) {
388 &chmod(0555, "$installlib/$name");
389 }
390 else {
391 &chmod(0444, "$installlib/$name");
392 }
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393 }
394 } elsif (-d $_) {
fcbdbaa8 395 mkpath("$installlib/$name", 1, 0777);
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396 }
397}
3edbfbe5 398
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399# Copy $from to $to, only if $from is different than $to.
400# Also preserve modification times for .a libraries.
401# On some systems, if you do
402# ranlib libperl.a
403# cp libperl.a /usr/local/lib/perl5/archlib/CORE/libperl.a
404# and then try to link against the installed libperl.a, you might
405# get an error message to the effect that the symbol table is older
406# than the library.
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407sub cp_if_diff {
408 my($from,$to)=@_;
409 -f $from || die "$0: $from not found";
410 system "cmp", "-s", $from, $to;
411 if ($?) {
16d20bd9 412 my ($atime, $mtime);
5d94fbed 413 unlink($to); # In case we don't have write permissions.
3edbfbe5 414 cmd("cp $from $to");
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415 # Restore timestamps if it's a .a library.
416 if ($to =~ /\.a$/) {
417 ($atime, $mtime) = (stat $from)[8,9];
418 utime $atime, $mtime, $to;
419 }
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420 }
421}