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a0d0e21e 1/* handy.h
a687059c 2 *
1129b882 3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000,
da5d8dbb 4 * 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012 by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
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6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
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9 */
10
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11/* IMPORTANT NOTE: Everything whose name begins with an underscore is for
12 * internal core Perl use only. */
13
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14#ifndef PERL_HANDY_H_ /* Guard against nested #inclusion */
15#define PERL_HANDY_H_
9d745869 16
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17#ifndef PERL_CORE
18# define Null(type) ((type)NULL)
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19
20/*
ccfc67b7 21=head1 Handy Values
954c1994 22
3609ea0d 23=for apidoc AmU||Nullch
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24Null character pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is
25defined.)
2307c6d0 26
954c1994 27=for apidoc AmU||Nullsv
72d33970 28Null SV pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
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29
30=cut
31*/
32
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33# define Nullch Null(char*)
34# define Nullfp Null(PerlIO*)
35# define Nullsv Null(SV*)
36#endif
8d063cd8 37
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38#ifdef TRUE
39#undef TRUE
40#endif
41#ifdef FALSE
42#undef FALSE
43#endif
44#define TRUE (1)
45#define FALSE (0)
46
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47/* The MUTABLE_*() macros cast pointers to the types shown, in such a way
48 * (compiler permitting) that casting away const-ness will give a warning;
49 * e.g.:
50 *
51 * const SV *sv = ...;
52 * AV *av1 = (AV*)sv; <== BAD: the const has been silently cast away
53 * AV *av2 = MUTABLE_AV(sv); <== GOOD: it may warn
54 */
55
b1bc3f34 56#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN)
f065df04 57# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ({ void *_p = (p); _p; })
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58#else
59# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ((void *) (p))
60#endif
61
a062e10d 62#define MUTABLE_AV(p) ((AV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
ea726b52 63#define MUTABLE_CV(p) ((CV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
159b6efe 64#define MUTABLE_GV(p) ((GV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
dbebbdb4 65#define MUTABLE_HV(p) ((HV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
a45c7426 66#define MUTABLE_IO(p) ((IO *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
b1bc3f34 67#define MUTABLE_SV(p) ((SV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
27d4fb96 68
f789f6a4 69#if defined(I_STDBOOL) && !defined(PERL_BOOL_AS_CHAR)
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70# include <stdbool.h>
71# ifndef HAS_BOOL
72# define HAS_BOOL 1
73# endif
74#endif
75
8e84507e 76/* bool is built-in for g++-2.6.3 and later, which might be used
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77 for extensions. <_G_config.h> defines _G_HAVE_BOOL, but we can't
78 be sure _G_config.h will be included before this file. _G_config.h
8e84507e 79 also defines _G_HAVE_BOOL for both gcc and g++, but only g++
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80 actually has bool. Hence, _G_HAVE_BOOL is pretty useless for us.
81 g++ can be identified by __GNUG__.
82 Andy Dougherty February 2000
5d94fbed 83*/
3609ea0d 84#ifdef __GNUG__ /* GNU g++ has bool built-in */
f789f6a4 85# ifndef PERL_BOOL_AS_CHAR
5d94fbed 86# ifndef HAS_BOOL
c1d22f6b 87# define HAS_BOOL 1
5d94fbed 88# endif
f789f6a4 89# endif
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90#endif
91
92#ifndef HAS_BOOL
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93# ifdef bool
94# undef bool
95# endif
70d5cb32 96# define bool char
c1d22f6b 97# define HAS_BOOL 1
a687059c 98#endif
0d3e774c 99
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100/* cast-to-bool. A simple (bool) cast may not do the right thing: if bool is
101 * defined as char for example, then the cast from int is
102 * implementation-defined (bool)!!(cbool) in a ternary triggers a bug in xlc on
103 * AIX */
18f5643b 104#define cBOOL(cbool) ((cbool) ? (bool)1 : (bool)0)
f2338a2e 105
46c6c7e2 106/* Try to figure out __func__ or __FUNCTION__ equivalent, if any.
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107 * XXX Should really be a Configure probe, with HAS__FUNCTION__
108 * and FUNCTION__ as results.
109 * XXX Similarly, a Configure probe for __FILE__ and __LINE__ is needed. */
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110#if (defined(__STDC_VERSION__) && __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L) || (defined(__SUNPRO_C)) /* C99 or close enough. */
111# define FUNCTION__ __func__
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112#elif (defined(USING_MSVC6)) || /* MSVC6 has neither __func__ nor __FUNCTION and no good workarounds, either. */ \
113 (defined(__DECC_VER)) /* Tru64 or VMS, and strict C89 being used, but not modern enough cc (in Tur64, -c99 not known, only -std1). */
114# define FUNCTION__ ""
46c6c7e2 115#else
07798b17 116# define FUNCTION__ __FUNCTION__ /* Common extension. */
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117#endif
118
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119/* XXX A note on the perl source internal type system. The
120 original intent was that I32 be *exactly* 32 bits.
121
122 Currently, we only guarantee that I32 is *at least* 32 bits.
123 Specifically, if int is 64 bits, then so is I32. (This is the case
124 for the Cray.) This has the advantage of meshing nicely with
125 standard library calls (where we pass an I32 and the library is
126 expecting an int), but the disadvantage that an I32 is not 32 bits.
127 Andy Dougherty August 1996
24fef2a7 128
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129 There is no guarantee that there is *any* integral type with
130 exactly 32 bits. It is perfectly legal for a system to have
131 sizeof(short) == sizeof(int) == sizeof(long) == 8.
693762b4 132
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133 Similarly, there is no guarantee that I16 and U16 have exactly 16
134 bits.
693762b4 135
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136 For dealing with issues that may arise from various 32/64-bit
137 systems, we will ask Configure to check out
8175356b 138
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139 SHORTSIZE == sizeof(short)
140 INTSIZE == sizeof(int)
141 LONGSIZE == sizeof(long)
dc45a647 142 LONGLONGSIZE == sizeof(long long) (if HAS_LONG_LONG)
3609ea0d 143 PTRSIZE == sizeof(void *)
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144 DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(double)
145 LONG_DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(long double) (if HAS_LONG_DOUBLE).
8175356b 146
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147*/
148
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149#ifdef I_INTTYPES /* e.g. Linux has int64_t without <inttypes.h> */
150# include <inttypes.h>
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151# ifdef INT32_MIN_BROKEN
152# undef INT32_MIN
153# define INT32_MIN (-2147483647-1)
154# endif
155# ifdef INT64_MIN_BROKEN
156# undef INT64_MIN
157# define INT64_MIN (-9223372036854775807LL-1)
158# endif
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159#endif
160
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161typedef I8TYPE I8;
162typedef U8TYPE U8;
163typedef I16TYPE I16;
164typedef U16TYPE U16;
165typedef I32TYPE I32;
166typedef U32TYPE U32;
16d89be8 167
74b807c7 168#ifdef QUADKIND
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169typedef I64TYPE I64;
170typedef U64TYPE U64;
16d89be8 171#endif
8175356b 172
d8668976 173#if defined(UINT8_MAX) && defined(INT16_MAX) && defined(INT32_MAX)
5ff3f7a4 174
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175/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
176 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
177#define U8_MAX UINT8_MAX
178#define U8_MIN UINT8_MIN
179
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180#define I16_MAX INT16_MAX
181#define I16_MIN INT16_MIN
182#define U16_MAX UINT16_MAX
183#define U16_MIN UINT16_MIN
184
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185#define I32_MAX INT32_MAX
186#define I32_MIN INT32_MIN
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187#ifndef UINT32_MAX_BROKEN /* e.g. HP-UX with gcc messes this up */
188# define U32_MAX UINT32_MAX
189#else
190# define U32_MAX 4294967295U
191#endif
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192#define U32_MIN UINT32_MIN
193
194#else
195
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196/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
197 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
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198#define U8_MAX PERL_UCHAR_MAX
199#define U8_MIN PERL_UCHAR_MIN
79072805 200
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201#define I16_MAX PERL_SHORT_MAX
202#define I16_MIN PERL_SHORT_MIN
203#define U16_MAX PERL_USHORT_MAX
204#define U16_MIN PERL_USHORT_MIN
79072805 205
c4f23d77 206#if LONGSIZE > 4
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207# define I32_MAX PERL_INT_MAX
208# define I32_MIN PERL_INT_MIN
209# define U32_MAX PERL_UINT_MAX
210# define U32_MIN PERL_UINT_MIN
79072805 211#else
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212# define I32_MAX PERL_LONG_MAX
213# define I32_MIN PERL_LONG_MIN
214# define U32_MAX PERL_ULONG_MAX
215# define U32_MIN PERL_ULONG_MIN
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216#endif
217
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218#endif
219
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220/* These C99 typedefs are useful sometimes for, say, loop variables whose
221 * maximum values are small, but for which speed trumps size. If we have a C99
222 * compiler, use that. Otherwise, a plain 'int' should be good enough.
223 *
224 * Restrict these to core for now until we are more certain this is a good
225 * idea. */
226#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT)
227# ifdef I_STDINT
228 typedef int_fast8_t PERL_INT_FAST8_T;
229 typedef uint_fast8_t PERL_UINT_FAST8_T;
230 typedef int_fast16_t PERL_INT_FAST16_T;
231 typedef uint_fast16_t PERL_UINT_FAST16_T;
232# else
233 typedef int PERL_INT_FAST8_T;
234 typedef unsigned int PERL_UINT_FAST8_T;
235 typedef int PERL_INT_FAST16_T;
236 typedef unsigned int PERL_UINT_FAST16_T;
237# endif
238#endif
239
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240/* log(2) (i.e., log base 10 of 2) is pretty close to 0.30103, just in case
241 * anyone is grepping for it */
242#define BIT_DIGITS(N) (((N)*146)/485 + 1) /* log10(2) =~ 146/485 */
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243#define TYPE_DIGITS(T) BIT_DIGITS(sizeof(T) * 8)
244#define TYPE_CHARS(T) (TYPE_DIGITS(T) + 2) /* sign, NUL */
245
88794300 246/* Unused by core; should be deprecated */
ff68c719 247#define Ctl(ch) ((ch) & 037)
8d063cd8 248
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249#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT)
250# ifndef MIN
251# define MIN(a,b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
252# endif
253# ifndef MAX
254# define MAX(a,b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
255# endif
256#endif
257
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258/* Returns a boolean as to whether the input unsigned number is a power of 2
259 * (2**0, 2**1, etc). In other words if it has just a single bit set.
260 * If not, subtracting 1 would leave the uppermost bit set, so the & would
261 * yield non-zero */
262#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT)
2bfa6384 263# define isPOWER_OF_2(n) (n && (n & (n-1)) == 0)
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264#endif
265
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266/* This is a helper macro to avoid preprocessor issues, replaced by nothing
267 * unless under DEBUGGING, where it expands to an assert of its argument,
268 * followed by a comma (hence the comma operator). If we just used a straight
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269 * assert(), we would get a comma with nothing before it when not DEBUGGING.
270 *
271 * We also use empty definition under Coverity since the __ASSERT__
272 * checks often check for things that Really Cannot Happen, and Coverity
273 * detects that and gets all excited. */
274
275#if defined(DEBUGGING) && !defined(__COVERITY__)
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276# define __ASSERT_(statement) assert(statement),
277#else
278# define __ASSERT_(statement)
279#endif
280
3fe05580 281/*
a4ee4fb5 282=head1 SV Manipulation Functions
3fe05580 283
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284=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs|"literal string" s
285Like C<newSVpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
30a15352 286string/length pair.
3fe05580 287
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288=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_flags|"literal string" s|U32 flags
289Like C<newSVpvn_flags>, but takes a literal string instead of
30a15352 290a string/length pair.
84bafc02 291
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292=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_share|"literal string" s
293Like C<newSVpvn_share>, but takes a literal string instead of
30a15352 294a string/length pair and omits the hash parameter.
3fe05580 295
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296=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_flags|SV* sv|"literal string" s|I32 flags
297Like C<sv_catpvn_flags>, but takes a literal string instead
30a15352 298of a string/length pair.
9dcc53ea 299
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300=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_nomg|SV* sv|"literal string" s
301Like C<sv_catpvn_nomg>, but takes a literal string instead of
0c395ea5 302a string/length pair.
9dcc53ea 303
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304=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs|SV* sv|"literal string" s
305Like C<sv_catpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
0c395ea5 306string/length pair.
3fe05580 307
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308=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_mg|SV* sv|"literal string" s
309Like C<sv_catpvn_mg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
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310string/length pair.
311
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312=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs|SV* sv|"literal string" s
313Like C<sv_setpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
0c395ea5 314string/length pair.
3fe05580 315
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316=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs_mg|SV* sv|"literal string" s
317Like C<sv_setpvn_mg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
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318string/length pair.
319
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320=for apidoc Am|SV *|sv_setref_pvs|"literal string" s
321Like C<sv_setref_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of
0c395ea5 322a string/length pair.
9dcc53ea 323
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324=head1 Memory Management
325
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326=for apidoc Ama|char*|savepvs|"literal string" s
327Like C<savepvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
30a15352 328string/length pair.
3fe05580 329
1568d13a 330=for apidoc Ama|char*|savesharedpvs|"literal string" s
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331A version of C<savepvs()> which allocates the duplicate string in memory
332which is shared between threads.
333
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334=head1 GV Functions
335
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336=for apidoc Am|HV*|gv_stashpvs|"literal string" name|I32 create
337Like C<gv_stashpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
0c395ea5 338string/length pair.
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339
340=head1 Hash Manipulation Functions
341
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342=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_fetchs|HV* tb|"literal string" key|I32 lval
343Like C<hv_fetch>, but takes a literal string instead of a
0c395ea5 344string/length pair.
3fe05580 345
d106cb46 346=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_stores|HV* tb|"literal string" key|SV* val
1568d13a 347Like C<hv_store>, but takes a literal string instead of a
0c395ea5 348string/length pair
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349and omits the hash parameter.
350
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351=head1 Lexer interface
352
1568d13a 353=for apidoc Amx|void|lex_stuff_pvs|"literal string" pv|U32 flags
510966aa 354
1568d13a 355Like L</lex_stuff_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of
0c395ea5 356a string/length pair.
510966aa 357
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358=cut
359*/
360
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361/* concatenating with "" ensures that only literal strings are accepted as
362 * argument */
26bfd924 363#define STR_WITH_LEN(s) ("" s ""), (sizeof(s)-1)
2efa8cc7 364
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365/* note that STR_WITH_LEN() can't be used as argument to macros or functions
366 * that under some configurations might be macros, which means that it requires
367 * the full Perl_xxx(aTHX_ ...) form for any API calls where it's used.
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368 */
369
370/* STR_WITH_LEN() shortcuts */
371#define newSVpvs(str) Perl_newSVpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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372#define newSVpvs_flags(str,flags) \
373 Perl_newSVpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
ba3a79e7 374#define newSVpvs_share(str) Perl_newSVpvn_share(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
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375#define sv_catpvs_flags(sv, str, flags) \
376 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
377#define sv_catpvs_nomg(sv, str) \
378 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
379#define sv_catpvs(sv, str) \
380 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC)
381#define sv_catpvs_mg(sv, str) \
382 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC|SV_SMAGIC)
3fe05580 383#define sv_setpvs(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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384#define sv_setpvs_mg(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn_mg(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
385#define sv_setref_pvs(rv, classname, str) \
386 Perl_sv_setref_pvn(aTHX_ rv, classname, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
ba3a79e7 387#define savepvs(str) Perl_savepvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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388#define savesharedpvs(str) Perl_savesharedpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
389#define gv_stashpvs(str, create) \
390 Perl_gv_stashpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), create)
391#define gv_fetchpvs(namebeg, add, sv_type) \
392 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(namebeg), add, sv_type)
393#define gv_fetchpvn(namebeg, len, add, sv_type) \
394 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ namebeg, len, add, sv_type)
395#define sv_catxmlpvs(dsv, str, utf8) \
396 Perl_sv_catxmlpvn(aTHX_ dsv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), utf8)
4ac46235 397
ba3a79e7 398
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399#define lex_stuff_pvs(pv,flags) Perl_lex_stuff_pvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(pv), flags)
400
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401#define get_cvs(str, flags) \
402 Perl_get_cvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), (flags))
5c1737d1 403
954c1994 404/*
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405=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
406
954c1994 407=for apidoc Am|bool|strNE|char* s1|char* s2
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408Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are different. Returns true
409or false.
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410
411=for apidoc Am|bool|strEQ|char* s1|char* s2
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412Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are equal. Returns true or
413false.
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414
415=for apidoc Am|bool|strLT|char* s1|char* s2
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416Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than the
417second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
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418
419=for apidoc Am|bool|strLE|char* s1|char* s2
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420Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than or
421equal to the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
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422
423=for apidoc Am|bool|strGT|char* s1|char* s2
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424Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than
425the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
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426
427=for apidoc Am|bool|strGE|char* s1|char* s2
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428Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than
429or equal to the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
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430
431=for apidoc Am|bool|strnNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
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432Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are different. The C<len>
433parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
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434wrapper for C<strncmp>).
435
436=for apidoc Am|bool|strnEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
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437Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are equal. The C<len>
438parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
439wrapper for C<strncmp>).
954c1994 440
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441=for apidoc Am|bool|memEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
442Test two buffers (which may contain embedded C<NUL> characters, to see if they
443are equal. The C<len> parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare.
444Returns zero if equal, or non-zero if non-equal.
445
446=for apidoc Am|bool|memNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
447Test two buffers (which may contain embedded C<NUL> characters, to see if they
448are not equal. The C<len> parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare.
449Returns zero if non-equal, or non-zero if equal.
450
954c1994 451=cut
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452
453New macros should use the following conventions for their names (which are
454based on the underlying C library functions):
455
456 (mem | str n? ) (EQ | NE | LT | GT | GE | (( BEGIN | END ) P? )) l? s?
457
458 Each has two main parameters, string-like operands that are compared
459 against each other, as specified by the macro name. Some macros may
460 additionally have one or potentially even two length parameters. If a length
461 parameter applies to both string parameters, it will be positioned third;
462 otherwise any length parameter immediately follows the string parameter it
463 applies to.
464
465 If the prefix to the name is 'str', the string parameter is a pointer to a C
466 language string. Such a string does not contain embedded NUL bytes; its
467 length may be unknown, but can be calculated by C<strlen()>, since it is
468 terminated by a NUL, which isn't included in its length.
469
470 The optional 'n' following 'str' means that that there is a third parameter,
471 giving the maximum number of bytes to look at in each string. Even if both
472 strings are longer than the length parameter, those extra bytes will be
473 unexamined.
474
475 The 's' suffix means that the 2nd byte string parameter is a literal C
476 double-quoted string. Its length will automatically be calculated by the
477 macro, so no length parameter will ever be needed for it.
478
479 If the prefix is 'mem', the string parameters don't have to be C strings;
480 they may contain embedded NUL bytes, do not necessarily have a terminating
481 NUL, and their lengths can be known only through other means, which in
482 practice are additional parameter(s) passed to the function. All 'mem'
483 functions have at least one length parameter. Barring any 'l' or 's' suffix,
484 there is a single length parameter, in position 3, which applies to both
485 string parameters. The 's' suffix means, as described above, that the 2nd
486 string is a literal double-quoted C string (hence its length is calculated by
487 the macro, and the length parameter to the function applies just to the first
488 string parameter, and hence is positioned just after it). An 'l' suffix
489 means that the 2nd string parameter has its own length parameter, and the
490 signature will look like memFOOl(s1, l1, s2, l2).
491
492 BEGIN (and END) are for testing if the 2nd string is an initial (or final)
493 substring of the 1st string. 'P' if present indicates that the substring
494 must be a "proper" one in tha mathematical sense that the first one must be
495 strictly larger than the 2nd.
496
954c1994
GS
497*/
498
62946e08 499
75400963
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500#define strNE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) != 0)
501#define strEQ(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) == 0)
8d063cd8
LW
502#define strLT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) < 0)
503#define strLE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) <= 0)
504#define strGT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) > 0)
505#define strGE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) >= 0)
62946e08 506
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507#define strnNE(s1,s2,l) (strncmp(s1,s2,l) != 0)
508#define strnEQ(s1,s2,l) (strncmp(s1,s2,l) == 0)
378cc40b 509
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510#define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(((const void *) (s1)), ((const void *) (s2)), l) == 0)
511#define memNE(s1,s2,l) (! memEQ(s1,s2,l))
36477c24 512
085b7534 513/* memEQ and memNE where second comparand is a string constant */
568a785a 514#define memEQs(s1, l, s2) \
777fa2cb 515 (((sizeof(s2)-1) == (l)) && memEQ((s1), ("" s2 ""), (sizeof(s2)-1)))
5f50c6c9 516#define memNEs(s1, l, s2) (! memEQs(s1, l, s2))
568a785a 517
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518/* Keep these private until we decide it was a good idea */
519#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT) || defined(PERL_EXT_POSIX)
520
521#define strBEGINs(s1,s2) (strncmp(s1,"" s2 "", sizeof(s2)-1) == 0)
522
bdb7e3f0 523#define memBEGINs(s1, l, s2) \
30a6480c 524 ( (Ptrdiff_t) (l) >= (Ptrdiff_t) sizeof(s2) - 1 \
bdb7e3f0 525 && memEQ(s1, "" s2 "", sizeof(s2)-1))
de627158 526#define memBEGINPs(s1, l, s2) \
30a6480c 527 ( (Ptrdiff_t) (l) > (Ptrdiff_t) sizeof(s2) - 1 \
de627158 528 && memEQ(s1, "" s2 "", sizeof(s2)-1))
bdb7e3f0 529#define memENDs(s1, l, s2) \
30a6480c 530 ( (Ptrdiff_t) (l) >= (Ptrdiff_t) sizeof(s2) - 1 \
bdb7e3f0 531 && memEQ(s1 + (l) - (sizeof(s2) - 1), "" s2 "", sizeof(s2)-1))
b80f8424 532#define memENDPs(s1, l, s2) \
30a6480c 533 ( (Ptrdiff_t) (l) > (Ptrdiff_t) sizeof(s2) \
b80f8424 534 && memEQ(s1 + (l) - (sizeof(s2) - 1), "" s2 "", sizeof(s2)-1))
fdbb9a7c 535#endif /* End of making macros private */
bdb7e3f0 536
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537#define memLT(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l) < 0)
538#define memLE(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l) <= 0)
539#define memGT(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l) > 0)
540#define memGE(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l) >= 0)
541
bbce6d69
PP
542/*
543 * Character classes.
544 *
545 * Unfortunately, the introduction of locales means that we
546 * can't trust isupper(), etc. to tell the truth. And when
547 * it comes to /\w+/ with tainting enabled, we *must* be able
548 * to trust our character classes.
549 *
550 * Therefore, the default tests in the text of Perl will be
551 * independent of locale. Any code that wants to depend on
552 * the current locale will use the tests that begin with "lc".
553 */
554
2304df62
AD
555#ifdef HAS_SETLOCALE /* XXX Is there a better test for this? */
556# ifndef CTYPE256
557# define CTYPE256
558# endif
559#endif
560
954c1994 561/*
ccfc67b7 562
dcccc8ff 563=head1 Character classification
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564This section is about functions (really macros) that classify characters
565into types, such as punctuation versus alphabetic, etc. Most of these are
566analogous to regular expression character classes. (See
567L<perlrecharclass/POSIX Character Classes>.) There are several variants for
568each class. (Not all macros have all variants; each item below lists the
569ones valid for it.) None are affected by C<use bytes>, and only the ones
570with C<LC> in the name are affected by the current locale.
571
572The base function, e.g., C<isALPHA()>, takes an octet (either a C<char> or a
573C<U8>) as input and returns a boolean as to whether or not the character
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574represented by that octet is (or on non-ASCII platforms, corresponds to) an
575ASCII character in the named class based on platform, Unicode, and Perl rules.
576If the input is a number that doesn't fit in an octet, FALSE is returned.
243effed 577
c98722a4 578Variant C<isI<FOO>_A> (e.g., C<isALPHA_A()>) is identical to the base function
550da823
KW
579with no suffix C<"_A">. This variant is used to emphasize by its name that
580only ASCII-range characters can return TRUE.
4b9734bf 581
d60679e1 582Variant C<isI<FOO>_L1> imposes the Latin-1 (or EBCDIC equivalent) character set
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583onto the platform. That is, the code points that are ASCII are unaffected,
584since ASCII is a subset of Latin-1. But the non-ASCII code points are treated
585as if they are Latin-1 characters. For example, C<isWORDCHAR_L1()> will return
586true when called with the code point 0xDF, which is a word character in both
4650c663 587ASCII and EBCDIC (though it represents different characters in each).
243effed 588
c98722a4 589Variant C<isI<FOO>_uvchr> is like the C<isI<FOO>_L1> variant, but accepts any UV code
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590point as input. If the code point is larger than 255, Unicode rules are used
591to determine if it is in the character class. For example,
d0da05db 592C<isWORDCHAR_uvchr(0x100)> returns TRUE, since 0x100 is LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
6aff1f14 593WITH MACRON in Unicode, and is a word character.
243effed 594
c98722a4 595Variant C<isI<FOO>_utf8_safe> is like C<isI<FOO>_uvchr>, but is used for UTF-8
da8c1a98
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596encoded strings. Each call classifies one character, even if the string
597contains many. This variant takes two parameters. The first, C<p>, is a
598pointer to the first byte of the character to be classified. (Recall that it
599may take more than one byte to represent a character in UTF-8 strings.) The
600second parameter, C<e>, points to anywhere in the string beyond the first
601character, up to one byte past the end of the entire string. The suffix
602C<_safe> in the function's name indicates that it will not attempt to read
603beyond S<C<e - 1>>, provided that the constraint S<C<s E<lt> e>> is true (this
604is asserted for in C<-DDEBUGGING> builds). If the UTF-8 for the input
605character is malformed in some way, the program may croak, or the function may
606return FALSE, at the discretion of the implementation, and subject to change in
607future releases.
608
c98722a4 609Variant C<isI<FOO>_utf8> is like C<isI<FOO>_utf8_safe>, but takes just a single
da8c1a98 610parameter, C<p>, which has the same meaning as the corresponding parameter does
c98722a4 611in C<isI<FOO>_utf8_safe>. The function therefore can't check if it is reading
34aeb2e9 612beyond the end of the string. Starting in Perl v5.30, it will take a second
c98722a4 613parameter, becoming a synonym for C<isI<FOO>_utf8_safe>. At that time every
34aeb2e9 614program that uses it will have to be changed to successfully compile. In the
c98722a4 615meantime, the first runtime call to C<isI<FOO>_utf8> from each call point in the
34aeb2e9 616program will raise a deprecation warning, enabled by default. You can convert
c98722a4 617your program now to use C<isI<FOO>_utf8_safe>, and avoid the warnings, and get an
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618extra measure of protection, or you can wait until v5.30, when you'll be forced
619to add the C<e> parameter.
243effed 620
c98722a4 621Variant C<isI<FOO>_LC> is like the C<isI<FOO>_A> and C<isI<FOO>_L1> variants, but the
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KW
622result is based on the current locale, which is what C<LC> in the name stands
623for. If Perl can determine that the current locale is a UTF-8 locale, it uses
624the published Unicode rules; otherwise, it uses the C library function that
625gives the named classification. For example, C<isDIGIT_LC()> when not in a
626UTF-8 locale returns the result of calling C<isdigit()>. FALSE is always
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627returned if the input won't fit into an octet. On some platforms where the C
628library function is known to be defective, Perl changes its result to follow
629the POSIX standard's rules.
243effed 630
c98722a4
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631Variant C<isI<FOO>_LC_uvchr> is like C<isI<FOO>_LC>, but is defined on any UV. It
632returns the same as C<isI<FOO>_LC> for input code points less than 256, and
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KW
633returns the hard-coded, not-affected-by-locale, Unicode results for larger ones.
634
c98722a4 635Variant C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8_safe> is like C<isI<FOO>_LC_uvchr>, but is used for UTF-8
da8c1a98
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636encoded strings. Each call classifies one character, even if the string
637contains many. This variant takes two parameters. The first, C<p>, is a
638pointer to the first byte of the character to be classified. (Recall that it
639may take more than one byte to represent a character in UTF-8 strings.) The
640second parameter, C<e>, points to anywhere in the string beyond the first
641character, up to one byte past the end of the entire string. The suffix
642C<_safe> in the function's name indicates that it will not attempt to read
643beyond S<C<e - 1>>, provided that the constraint S<C<s E<lt> e>> is true (this
644is asserted for in C<-DDEBUGGING> builds). If the UTF-8 for the input
645character is malformed in some way, the program may croak, or the function may
646return FALSE, at the discretion of the implementation, and subject to change in
647future releases.
648
c98722a4 649Variant C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8> is like C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8_safe>, but takes just a single
da8c1a98 650parameter, C<p>, which has the same meaning as the corresponding parameter does
c98722a4 651in C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8_safe>. The function therefore can't check if it is reading
34aeb2e9 652beyond the end of the string. Starting in Perl v5.30, it will take a second
c98722a4 653parameter, becoming a synonym for C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8_safe>. At that time every
34aeb2e9 654program that uses it will have to be changed to successfully compile. In the
c98722a4 655meantime, the first runtime call to C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8> from each call point in
34aeb2e9 656the program will raise a deprecation warning, enabled by default. You can
c98722a4 657convert your program now to use C<isI<FOO>_LC_utf8_safe>, and avoid the warnings,
34aeb2e9
KW
658and get an extra measure of protection, or you can wait until v5.30, when
659you'll be forced to add the C<e> parameter.
ccfc67b7 660
954c1994 661=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHA|char ch
2787a470 662Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 663alphabetic character, analogous to C<m/[[:alpha:]]/>.
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664See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
665variants
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666C<isALPHA_A>, C<isALPHA_L1>, C<isALPHA_uvchr>, C<isALPHA_utf8_safe>,
667C<isALPHA_LC>, C<isALPHA_LC_uvchr>, and C<isALPHA_LC_utf8_safe>.
8a58bdcf 668
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669=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHANUMERIC|char ch
670Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a either an
6aff1f14 671alphabetic character or decimal digit, analogous to C<m/[[:alnum:]]/>.
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672See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
673variants
d0da05db 674C<isALPHANUMERIC_A>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_L1>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_uvchr>,
da8c1a98
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675C<isALPHANUMERIC_utf8_safe>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr>,
676and C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8_safe>.
15861f94 677
8a58bdcf
KW
678=for apidoc Am|bool|isASCII|char ch
679Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is one of the 128
243effed 680characters in the ASCII character set, analogous to C<m/[[:ascii:]]/>.
e5ad6aba 681On non-ASCII platforms, it returns TRUE iff this
8a58bdcf
KW
682character corresponds to an ASCII character. Variants C<isASCII_A()> and
683C<isASCII_L1()> are identical to C<isASCII()>.
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684See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
685variants
da8c1a98
KW
686C<isASCII_uvchr>, C<isASCII_utf8_safe>, C<isASCII_LC>, C<isASCII_LC_uvchr>, and
687C<isASCII_LC_utf8_safe>. Note, however, that some platforms do not have the C
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KW
688library routine C<isascii()>. In these cases, the variants whose names contain
689C<LC> are the same as the corresponding ones without.
690
d98532ea
KW
691Also note, that because all ASCII characters are UTF-8 invariant (meaning they
692have the exact same representation (always a single byte) whether encoded in
693UTF-8 or not), C<isASCII> will give the correct results when called with any
da8c1a98
KW
694byte in any string encoded or not in UTF-8. And similarly C<isASCII_utf8_safe>
695will work properly on any string encoded or not in UTF-8.
d98532ea 696
243effed
KW
697=for apidoc Am|bool|isBLANK|char ch
698Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 699character considered to be a blank, analogous to C<m/[[:blank:]]/>.
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700See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
701variants
da8c1a98
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702C<isBLANK_A>, C<isBLANK_L1>, C<isBLANK_uvchr>, C<isBLANK_utf8_safe>,
703C<isBLANK_LC>, C<isBLANK_LC_uvchr>, and C<isBLANK_LC_utf8_safe>. Note,
704however, that some platforms do not have the C library routine
705C<isblank()>. In these cases, the variants whose names contain C<LC> are
706the same as the corresponding ones without.
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KW
707
708=for apidoc Am|bool|isCNTRL|char ch
709Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 710control character, analogous to C<m/[[:cntrl:]]/>.
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711See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
712variants
da8c1a98
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713C<isCNTRL_A>, C<isCNTRL_L1>, C<isCNTRL_uvchr>, C<isCNTRL_utf8_safe>,
714C<isCNTRL_LC>, C<isCNTRL_LC_uvchr>, and C<isCNTRL_LC_utf8_safe> On EBCDIC
715platforms, you almost always want to use the C<isCNTRL_L1> variant.
954c1994 716
954c1994 717=for apidoc Am|bool|isDIGIT|char ch
2787a470 718Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 719digit, analogous to C<m/[[:digit:]]/>.
8a58bdcf 720Variants C<isDIGIT_A> and C<isDIGIT_L1> are identical to C<isDIGIT>.
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721See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
722variants
da8c1a98
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723C<isDIGIT_uvchr>, C<isDIGIT_utf8_safe>, C<isDIGIT_LC>, C<isDIGIT_LC_uvchr>, and
724C<isDIGIT_LC_utf8_safe>.
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KW
725
726=for apidoc Am|bool|isGRAPH|char ch
727Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 728graphic character, analogous to C<m/[[:graph:]]/>.
dcccc8ff 729See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
da8c1a98
KW
730variants C<isGRAPH_A>, C<isGRAPH_L1>, C<isGRAPH_uvchr>, C<isGRAPH_utf8_safe>,
731C<isGRAPH_LC>, C<isGRAPH_LC_uvchr>, and C<isGRAPH_LC_utf8_safe>.
954c1994 732
0c82b6df 733=for apidoc Am|bool|isLOWER|char ch
2787a470 734Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 735lowercase character, analogous to C<m/[[:lower:]]/>.
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736See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
737variants
da8c1a98
KW
738C<isLOWER_A>, C<isLOWER_L1>, C<isLOWER_uvchr>, C<isLOWER_utf8_safe>,
739C<isLOWER_LC>, C<isLOWER_LC_uvchr>, and C<isLOWER_LC_utf8_safe>.
0c82b6df 740
c99e91e9 741=for apidoc Am|bool|isOCTAL|char ch
2787a470 742Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 743octal digit, [0-7].
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KW
744The only two variants are C<isOCTAL_A> and C<isOCTAL_L1>; each is identical to
745C<isOCTAL>.
746
747=for apidoc Am|bool|isPUNCT|char ch
748Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14
KW
749punctuation character, analogous to C<m/[[:punct:]]/>.
750Note that the definition of what is punctuation isn't as
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KW
751straightforward as one might desire. See L<perlrecharclass/POSIX Character
752Classes> for details.
dcccc8ff 753See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
da8c1a98
KW
754variants C<isPUNCT_A>, C<isPUNCT_L1>, C<isPUNCT_uvchr>, C<isPUNCT_utf8_safe>,
755C<isPUNCT_LC>, C<isPUNCT_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPUNCT_LC_utf8_safe>.
c99e91e9 756
0c82b6df 757=for apidoc Am|bool|isSPACE|char ch
2787a470 758Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 759whitespace character. This is analogous
398d098a 760to what C<m/\s/> matches in a regular expression. Starting in Perl 5.18
779cf272 761this also matches what C<m/[[:space:]]/> does. Prior to 5.18, only the
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762locale forms of this macro (the ones with C<LC> in their names) matched
763precisely what C<m/[[:space:]]/> does. In those releases, the only difference,
764in the non-locale variants, was that C<isSPACE()> did not match a vertical tab.
765(See L</isPSXSPC> for a macro that matches a vertical tab in all releases.)
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766See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
767variants
da8c1a98
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768C<isSPACE_A>, C<isSPACE_L1>, C<isSPACE_uvchr>, C<isSPACE_utf8_safe>,
769C<isSPACE_LC>, C<isSPACE_LC_uvchr>, and C<isSPACE_LC_utf8_safe>.
0c82b6df 770
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771=for apidoc Am|bool|isPSXSPC|char ch
772(short for Posix Space)
779cf272
KW
773Starting in 5.18, this is identical in all its forms to the
774corresponding C<isSPACE()> macros.
398d098a
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775The locale forms of this macro are identical to their corresponding
776C<isSPACE()> forms in all Perl releases. In releases prior to 5.18, the
777non-locale forms differ from their C<isSPACE()> forms only in that the
778C<isSPACE()> forms don't match a Vertical Tab, and the C<isPSXSPC()> forms do.
779Otherwise they are identical. Thus this macro is analogous to what
780C<m/[[:space:]]/> matches in a regular expression.
dcccc8ff 781See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
da8c1a98
KW
782variants C<isPSXSPC_A>, C<isPSXSPC_L1>, C<isPSXSPC_uvchr>, C<isPSXSPC_utf8_safe>,
783C<isPSXSPC_LC>, C<isPSXSPC_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPSXSPC_LC_utf8_safe>.
398d098a 784
954c1994 785=for apidoc Am|bool|isUPPER|char ch
2787a470 786Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 787uppercase character, analogous to C<m/[[:upper:]]/>.
dcccc8ff 788See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
da8c1a98
KW
789variants C<isUPPER_A>, C<isUPPER_L1>, C<isUPPER_uvchr>, C<isUPPER_utf8_safe>,
790C<isUPPER_LC>, C<isUPPER_LC_uvchr>, and C<isUPPER_LC_utf8_safe>.
954c1994 791
243effed 792=for apidoc Am|bool|isPRINT|char ch
8eea39dd 793Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 794printable character, analogous to C<m/[[:print:]]/>.
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795See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
796variants
da8c1a98
KW
797C<isPRINT_A>, C<isPRINT_L1>, C<isPRINT_uvchr>, C<isPRINT_utf8_safe>,
798C<isPRINT_LC>, C<isPRINT_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPRINT_LC_utf8_safe>.
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KW
799
800=for apidoc Am|bool|isWORDCHAR|char ch
801Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a character
802that is a word character, analogous to what C<m/\w/> and C<m/[[:word:]]/> match
803in a regular expression. A word character is an alphabetic character, a
804decimal digit, a connecting punctuation character (such as an underscore), or
805a "mark" character that attaches to one of those (like some sort of accent).
806C<isALNUM()> is a synonym provided for backward compatibility, even though a
807word character includes more than the standard C language meaning of
808alphanumeric.
dcccc8ff 809See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
da8c1a98
KW
810variants C<isWORDCHAR_A>, C<isWORDCHAR_L1>, C<isWORDCHAR_uvchr>, and
811C<isWORDCHAR_utf8_safe>. C<isWORDCHAR_LC>, C<isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr>, and
812C<isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8_safe> are also as described there, but additionally
813include the platform's native underscore.
8a58bdcf
KW
814
815=for apidoc Am|bool|isXDIGIT|char ch
816Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a hexadecimal
243effed
KW
817digit. In the ASCII range these are C<[0-9A-Fa-f]>. Variants C<isXDIGIT_A()>
818and C<isXDIGIT_L1()> are identical to C<isXDIGIT()>.
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819See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
820variants
da8c1a98
KW
821C<isXDIGIT_uvchr>, C<isXDIGIT_utf8_safe>, C<isXDIGIT_LC>, C<isXDIGIT_LC_uvchr>,
822and C<isXDIGIT_LC_utf8_safe>.
243effed 823
3c3ecf18
KW
824=for apidoc Am|bool|isIDFIRST|char ch
825Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character can be the first
826character of an identifier. This is very close to, but not quite the same as
827the official Unicode property C<XID_Start>. The difference is that this
828returns true only if the input character also matches L</isWORDCHAR>.
dcccc8ff
KW
829See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
830variants
da8c1a98
KW
831C<isIDFIRST_A>, C<isIDFIRST_L1>, C<isIDFIRST_uvchr>, C<isIDFIRST_utf8_safe>,
832C<isIDFIRST_LC>, C<isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr>, and C<isIDFIRST_LC_utf8_safe>.
3c3ecf18
KW
833
834=for apidoc Am|bool|isIDCONT|char ch
835Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character can be the
836second or succeeding character of an identifier. This is very close to, but
837not quite the same as the official Unicode property C<XID_Continue>. The
838difference is that this returns true only if the input character also matches
dcccc8ff
KW
839L</isWORDCHAR>. See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for
840an
d0da05db 841explanation of variants C<isIDCONT_A>, C<isIDCONT_L1>, C<isIDCONT_uvchr>,
da8c1a98
KW
842C<isIDCONT_utf8_safe>, C<isIDCONT_LC>, C<isIDCONT_LC_uvchr>, and
843C<isIDCONT_LC_utf8_safe>.
3c3ecf18 844
243effed 845=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
8eea39dd 846
95a59cab 847=for apidoc Am|U8|READ_XDIGIT|char str*
243effed 848Returns the value of an ASCII-range hex digit and advances the string pointer.
95a59cab
YO
849Behaviour is only well defined when isXDIGIT(*str) is true.
850
e7c1e6c1 851=head1 Character case changing
21da7284
KW
852Perl uses "full" Unicode case mappings. This means that converting a single
853character to another case may result in a sequence of more than one character.
854For example, the uppercase of C<E<223>> (LATIN SMALL LETTER SHARP S) is the two
855character sequence C<SS>. This presents some complications The lowercase of
856all characters in the range 0..255 is a single character, and thus
857C<L</toLOWER_L1>> is furnished. But, C<toUPPER_L1> can't exist, as it couldn't
858return a valid result for all legal inputs. Instead C<L</toUPPER_uvchr>> has
859an API that does allow every possible legal result to be returned.) Likewise
860no other function that is crippled by not being able to give the correct
861results for the full range of possible inputs has been implemented here.
e7c1e6c1 862
1f607577
KW
863=for apidoc Am|U8|toUPPER|U8 ch
864Converts the specified character to uppercase. If the input is anything but an
865ASCII lowercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
c753c8d3 866C<toUPPER_A> is equivalent.
954c1994 867
d0da05db
KW
868=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
869Converts the code point C<cp> to its uppercase version, and
870stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
871point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
872that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
873bytes since the uppercase version may be longer than the original character.
874
875The first code point of the uppercased version is returned
21da7284
KW
876(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
877changing>, that there may be more.)
1f607577 878
a239b1e2
KW
879=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_utf8_safe|U8* p|U8* e|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
880Converts the first UTF-8 encoded character in the sequence starting at C<p> and
881extending no further than S<C<e - 1>> to its uppercase version, and
1f607577
KW
882stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
883that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
884bytes since the uppercase version may be longer than the original character.
885
886The first code point of the uppercased version is returned
21da7284
KW
887(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
888changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 889
a239b1e2
KW
890The suffix C<_safe> in the function's name indicates that it will not attempt
891to read beyond S<C<e - 1>>, provided that the constraint S<C<s E<lt> e>> is
892true (this is asserted for in C<-DDEBUGGING> builds). If the UTF-8 for the
893input character is malformed in some way, the program may croak, or the
894function may return the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, at the discretion of the
895implementation, and subject to change in future releases.
896
897=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
898This is like C<L</toUPPER_utf8_safe>>, but doesn't have the C<e>
899parameter The function therefore can't check if it is reading
607313a1
KW
900beyond the end of the string. Starting in Perl v5.30, it will take the C<e>
901parameter, becoming a synonym for C<toUPPER_utf8_safe>. At that time every
902program that uses it will have to be changed to successfully compile. In the
903meantime, the first runtime call to C<toUPPER_utf8> from each call point in the
904program will raise a deprecation warning, enabled by default. You can convert
905your program now to use C<toUPPER_utf8_safe>, and avoid the warnings, and get an
906extra measure of protection, or you can wait until v5.30, when you'll be forced
907to add the C<e> parameter.
1f607577 908
25200305
KW
909=for apidoc Am|U8|toFOLD|U8 ch
910Converts the specified character to foldcase. If the input is anything but an
911ASCII uppercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
912C<toFOLD_A> is equivalent. (There is no equivalent C<to_FOLD_L1> for the full
d0da05db 913Latin1 range, as the full generality of L</toFOLD_uvchr> is needed there.)
25200305 914
d0da05db
KW
915=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
916Converts the code point C<cp> to its foldcase version, and
917stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
918point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
919that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
920bytes since the foldcase version may be longer than the original character.
921
922The first code point of the foldcased version is returned
21da7284
KW
923(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
924changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 925
a239b1e2
KW
926=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_utf8_safe|U8* p|U8* e|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
927Converts the first UTF-8 encoded character in the sequence starting at C<p> and
928extending no further than S<C<e - 1>> to its foldcase version, and
1f607577
KW
929stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
930that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
931bytes since the foldcase version may be longer than the original character.
932
933The first code point of the foldcased version is returned
21da7284
KW
934(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
935changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 936
a239b1e2
KW
937The suffix C<_safe> in the function's name indicates that it will not attempt
938to read beyond S<C<e - 1>>, provided that the constraint S<C<s E<lt> e>> is
939true (this is asserted for in C<-DDEBUGGING> builds). If the UTF-8 for the
940input character is malformed in some way, the program may croak, or the
941function may return the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, at the discretion of the
942implementation, and subject to change in future releases.
943
944=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
945This is like C<L</toFOLD_utf8_safe>>, but doesn't have the C<e>
946parameter The function therefore can't check if it is reading
607313a1
KW
947beyond the end of the string. Starting in Perl v5.30, it will take the C<e>
948parameter, becoming a synonym for C<toFOLD_utf8_safe>. At that time every
949program that uses it will have to be changed to successfully compile. In the
950meantime, the first runtime call to C<toFOLD_utf8> from each call point in the
951program will raise a deprecation warning, enabled by default. You can convert
952your program now to use C<toFOLD_utf8_safe>, and avoid the warnings, and get an
953extra measure of protection, or you can wait until v5.30, when you'll be forced
954to add the C<e> parameter.
1f607577
KW
955
956=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER|U8 ch
957Converts the specified character to lowercase. If the input is anything but an
958ASCII uppercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
c753c8d3 959C<toLOWER_A> is equivalent.
954c1994 960
1f607577 961=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER_L1|U8 ch
b7d90381
KW
962Converts the specified Latin1 character to lowercase. The results are
963undefined if the input doesn't fit in a byte.
1f607577
KW
964
965=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER_LC|U8 ch
966Converts the specified character to lowercase using the current locale's rules,
967if possible; otherwise returns the input character itself.
968
d0da05db
KW
969=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
970Converts the code point C<cp> to its lowercase version, and
971stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
972point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
973that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
974bytes since the lowercase version may be longer than the original character.
975
976The first code point of the lowercased version is returned
21da7284
KW
977(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
978changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 979
a239b1e2
KW
980
981=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_utf8_safe|U8* p|U8* e|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
982Converts the first UTF-8 encoded character in the sequence starting at C<p> and
983extending no further than S<C<e - 1>> to its lowercase version, and
1f607577
KW
984stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
985that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
986bytes since the lowercase version may be longer than the original character.
987
988The first code point of the lowercased version is returned
21da7284
KW
989(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
990changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 991
a239b1e2
KW
992The suffix C<_safe> in the function's name indicates that it will not attempt
993to read beyond S<C<e - 1>>, provided that the constraint S<C<s E<lt> e>> is
994true (this is asserted for in C<-DDEBUGGING> builds). If the UTF-8 for the
995input character is malformed in some way, the program may croak, or the
996function may return the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, at the discretion of the
997implementation, and subject to change in future releases.
998
999=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
1000This is like C<L</toLOWER_utf8_safe>>, but doesn't have the C<e>
1001parameter The function therefore can't check if it is reading
607313a1
KW
1002beyond the end of the string. Starting in Perl v5.30, it will take the C<e>
1003parameter, becoming a synonym for C<toLOWER_utf8_safe>. At that time every
1004program that uses it will have to be changed to successfully compile. In the
1005meantime, the first runtime call to C<toLOWER_utf8> from each call point in the
1006program will raise a deprecation warning, enabled by default. You can convert
1007your program now to use C<toLOWER_utf8_safe>, and avoid the warnings, and get an
1008extra measure of protection, or you can wait until v5.30, when you'll be forced
1009to add the C<e> parameter.
1f607577 1010
25200305
KW
1011=for apidoc Am|U8|toTITLE|U8 ch
1012Converts the specified character to titlecase. If the input is anything but an
1013ASCII lowercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
b7d90381 1014C<toTITLE_A> is equivalent. (There is no C<toTITLE_L1> for the full Latin1
d0da05db 1015range, as the full generality of L</toTITLE_uvchr> is needed there. Titlecase is
b7d90381 1016not a concept used in locale handling, so there is no functionality for that.)
25200305 1017
d0da05db
KW
1018=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
1019Converts the code point C<cp> to its titlecase version, and
1020stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
1021point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
1022that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
1023bytes since the titlecase version may be longer than the original character.
1024
1025The first code point of the titlecased version is returned
21da7284
KW
1026(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
1027changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 1028
a239b1e2
KW
1029=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_utf8_safe|U8* p|U8* e|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
1030Converts the first UTF-8 encoded character in the sequence starting at C<p> and
1031extending no further than S<C<e - 1>> to its titlecase version, and
1f607577
KW
1032stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
1033that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
1034bytes since the titlecase version may be longer than the original character.
1035
1036The first code point of the titlecased version is returned
21da7284
KW
1037(but note, as explained at L<the top of this section|/Character case
1038changing>, that there may be more).
1f607577 1039
a239b1e2
KW
1040The suffix C<_safe> in the function's name indicates that it will not attempt
1041to read beyond S<C<e - 1>>, provided that the constraint S<C<s E<lt> e>> is
1042true (this is asserted for in C<-DDEBUGGING> builds). If the UTF-8 for the
1043input character is malformed in some way, the program may croak, or the
1044function may return the REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, at the discretion of the
1045implementation, and subject to change in future releases.
1046
1047=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
1048This is like C<L</toLOWER_utf8_safe>>, but doesn't have the C<e>
1049parameter The function therefore can't check if it is reading
607313a1
KW
1050beyond the end of the string. Starting in Perl v5.30, it will take the C<e>
1051parameter, becoming a synonym for C<toTITLE_utf8_safe>. At that time every
1052program that uses it will have to be changed to successfully compile. In the
1053meantime, the first runtime call to C<toTITLE_utf8> from each call point in the
1054program will raise a deprecation warning, enabled by default. You can convert
1055your program now to use C<toTITLE_utf8_safe>, and avoid the warnings, and get an
1056extra measure of protection, or you can wait until v5.30, when you'll be forced
1057to add the C<e> parameter.
1f607577 1058
954c1994 1059=cut
353c9b6f 1060
d0da05db 1061XXX Still undocumented isVERTWS_uvchr and _utf8; it's unclear what their names
1e222e4f
KW
1062really should be. Also toUPPER_LC and toFOLD_LC, which are subject to change,
1063and aren't general purpose as they don't work on U+DF, and assert against that.
243effed 1064
8a58bdcf 1065Note that these macros are repeated in Devel::PPPort, so should also be
62fa66b6
KW
1066patched there. The file as of this writing is cpan/Devel-PPPort/parts/inc/misc
1067
954c1994
GS
1068*/
1069
de9e2639
KW
1070/* Specify the widest unsigned type on the platform. */
1071#ifdef QUADKIND
1072# define WIDEST_UTYPE U64
7c062697
KW
1073#else
1074# define WIDEST_UTYPE U32
1075#endif
1076
3912bc88
KW
1077/* FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) returns true if c doesn't have a bit set other than in
1078 * the lower 8. It is designed to be hopefully bomb-proof, making sure that no
1079 * bits of information are lost even on a 64-bit machine, but to get the
1080 * compiler to optimize it out if possible. This is because Configure makes
1081 * sure that the machine has an 8-bit byte, so if c is stored in a byte, the
1082 * sizeof() guarantees that this evaluates to a constant true at compile time.
7e75d1a1
JH
1083 *
1084 * For Coverity, be always true, because otherwise Coverity thinks
1085 * it finds several expressions that are always true, independent
1086 * of operands. Well, they are, but that is kind of the point.
220c71bf 1087 */
7e75d1a1 1088#ifndef __COVERITY__
6c5b02ac
KW
1089 /* The '| 0' part ensures a compiler error if c is not integer (like e.g., a
1090 * pointer) */
1091#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) ( (sizeof(c) == 1) \
ace3ad0f 1092 || !(((WIDEST_UTYPE)((c) | 0)) & ~0xFF))
7e75d1a1
JH
1093#else
1094#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) (1)
1095#endif
cf301eb7 1096
41f43cc2 1097#ifdef EBCDIC
b6340bd0 1098# ifndef _ALL_SOURCE
0852beac
KW
1099 /* The native libc isascii() et.al. functions return the wrong results
1100 * on at least z/OS unless this is defined. */
b6340bd0
KW
1101# error _ALL_SOURCE should probably be defined
1102# endif
41f43cc2 1103#else
0852beac
KW
1104 /* There is a simple definition of ASCII for ASCII platforms. But the
1105 * EBCDIC one isn't so simple, so is defined using table look-up like the
9c903d59 1106 * other macros below.
3f3c579d
KW
1107 *
1108 * The cast here is used instead of '(c) >= 0', because some compilers emit
1109 * a warning that that test is always true when the parameter is an
1110 * unsigned type. khw supposes that it could be written as
1111 * && ((c) == '\0' || (c) > 0)
1112 * to avoid the message, but the cast will likely avoid extra branches even
1113 * with stupid compilers.
1114 *
1115 * The '| 0' part ensures a compiler error if c is not integer (like e.g.,
1116 * a pointer) */
9c903d59 1117# define isASCII(c) ((WIDEST_UTYPE)((c) | 0) < 128)
41f43cc2
KW
1118#endif
1119
38694112
KW
1120/* Take the eight possible bit patterns of the lower 3 bits and you get the
1121 * lower 3 bits of the 8 octal digits, in both ASCII and EBCDIC, so those bits
1122 * can be ignored. If the rest match '0', we have an octal */
1123#define isOCTAL_A(c) (((WIDEST_UTYPE)((c) | 0) & ~7) == '0')
c2da0b36 1124
9fb1bf9d 1125#ifdef H_PERL /* If have access to perl.h, lookup in its table */
f4cdb42c 1126
a500dc72
KW
1127/* Character class numbers. For internal core Perl use only. The ones less
1128 * than 32 are used in PL_charclass[] and the ones up through the one that
1129 * corresponds to <_HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC> are used by regcomp.h and
1130 * related files. PL_charclass ones use names used in l1_char_class_tab.h but
1131 * their actual definitions are here. If that file has a name not used here,
1132 * it won't compile.
1709d539
KW
1133 *
1134 * The first group of these is ordered in what I (khw) estimate to be the
31c7f561 1135 * frequency of their use. This gives a slight edge to exiting a loop earlier
58a3ba2c
KW
1136 * (in reginclass() in regexec.c). Except \v should be last, as it isn't a
1137 * real Posix character class, and some (small) inefficiencies in regular
1138 * expression handling would be introduced by putting it in the middle of those
1139 * that are. Also, cntrl and ascii come after the others as it may be useful
1140 * to group these which have no members that match above Latin1, (or above
1141 * ASCII in the latter case) */
1142
1709d539
KW
1143# define _CC_WORDCHAR 0 /* \w and [:word:] */
1144# define _CC_DIGIT 1 /* \d and [:digit:] */
1145# define _CC_ALPHA 2 /* [:alpha:] */
1146# define _CC_LOWER 3 /* [:lower:] */
1147# define _CC_UPPER 4 /* [:upper:] */
1148# define _CC_PUNCT 5 /* [:punct:] */
1149# define _CC_PRINT 6 /* [:print:] */
15861f94 1150# define _CC_ALPHANUMERIC 7 /* [:alnum:] */
1709d539 1151# define _CC_GRAPH 8 /* [:graph:] */
359b005e 1152# define _CC_CASED 9 /* [:lower:] or [:upper:] under /i */
779cf272 1153# define _CC_SPACE 10 /* \s, [:space:] */
34aeb2e9
KW
1154# define _CC_PSXSPC _CC_SPACE /* XXX Temporary, can be removed
1155 when the deprecated isFOO_utf8()
1156 functions are removed */
b0d691b2
KW
1157# define _CC_BLANK 11 /* [:blank:] */
1158# define _CC_XDIGIT 12 /* [:xdigit:] */
779cf272
KW
1159# define _CC_CNTRL 13 /* [:cntrl:] */
1160# define _CC_ASCII 14 /* [:ascii:] */
1161# define _CC_VERTSPACE 15 /* \v */
1709d539 1162
a0947d7b
KW
1163# define _HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC _CC_VERTSPACE
1164
1709d539 1165/* The members of the third group below do not need to be coordinated with data
3ffc8c70 1166 * structures in regcomp.[ch] and regexec.c. */
779cf272
KW
1167# define _CC_IDFIRST 16
1168# define _CC_CHARNAME_CONT 17
1169# define _CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD 18
1170# define _CC_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD 19
1171# define _CC_QUOTEMETA 20
1172# define _CC_NON_FINAL_FOLD 21
1173# define _CC_IS_IN_SOME_FOLD 22
1174# define _CC_MNEMONIC_CNTRL 23
073c22b3 1175
34aeb2e9
KW
1176# define _CC_IDCONT 24 /* XXX Temporary, can be removed when the deprecated
1177 isFOO_utf8() functions are removed */
1178
073c22b3
KW
1179/* This next group is only used on EBCDIC platforms, so theoretically could be
1180 * shared with something entirely different that's only on ASCII platforms */
5d5376e2
KW
1181# define _CC_UTF8_START_BYTE_IS_FOR_AT_LEAST_SURROGATE 28
1182# define _CC_UTF8_IS_START 29
1183# define _CC_UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START 30
1184# define _CC_UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION 31
1185/* Unused: 24-27
f4cdb42c
KW
1186 * If more bits are needed, one could add a second word for non-64bit
1187 * QUAD_IS_INT systems, using some #ifdefs to distinguish between having a 2nd
37ede926
KW
1188 * word or not. The IS_IN_SOME_FOLD bit is the most easily expendable, as it
1189 * is used only for optimization (as of this writing), and differs in the
1190 * Latin1 range from the ALPHA bit only in two relatively unimportant
a500dc72 1191 * characters: the masculine and feminine ordinal indicators, so removing it
073c22b3
KW
1192 * would just cause /i regexes which match them to run less efficiently.
1193 * Similarly the EBCDIC-only bits are used just for speed, and could be
1194 * replaced by other means */
96ac0975 1195
3a371f2f
KW
1196#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT)
1197/* An enum version of the character class numbers, to help compilers
1198 * optimize */
1199typedef enum {
3a371f2f 1200 _CC_ENUM_ALPHA = _CC_ALPHA,
e8d596e0
KW
1201 _CC_ENUM_ALPHANUMERIC = _CC_ALPHANUMERIC,
1202 _CC_ENUM_ASCII = _CC_ASCII,
1203 _CC_ENUM_BLANK = _CC_BLANK,
b0d691b2 1204 _CC_ENUM_CASED = _CC_CASED,
e8d596e0 1205 _CC_ENUM_CNTRL = _CC_CNTRL,
3a371f2f
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1206 _CC_ENUM_DIGIT = _CC_DIGIT,
1207 _CC_ENUM_GRAPH = _CC_GRAPH,
1208 _CC_ENUM_LOWER = _CC_LOWER,
1209 _CC_ENUM_PRINT = _CC_PRINT,
1210 _CC_ENUM_PUNCT = _CC_PUNCT,
e8d596e0 1211 _CC_ENUM_SPACE = _CC_SPACE,
3a371f2f 1212 _CC_ENUM_UPPER = _CC_UPPER,
e8d596e0 1213 _CC_ENUM_VERTSPACE = _CC_VERTSPACE,
3a371f2f 1214 _CC_ENUM_WORDCHAR = _CC_WORDCHAR,
e8d596e0 1215 _CC_ENUM_XDIGIT = _CC_XDIGIT
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1216} _char_class_number;
1217#endif
1218
86f72d56 1219#define POSIX_CC_COUNT (_HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC + 1)
63c61c3f 1220
6635f04f 1221START_EXTERN_C
96ac0975
NC
1222# ifdef DOINIT
1223EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[] = {
1224# include "l1_char_class_tab.h"
1225};
1226
1227# else /* ! DOINIT */
1228EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[];
1229# endif
6635f04f 1230END_EXTERN_C
96ac0975 1231
265c1f46 1232 /* The 1U keeps Solaris from griping when shifting sets the uppermost bit */
430b7c70 1233# define _CC_mask(classnum) (1U << (classnum))
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1234
1235 /* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1236 * isALPHA */
ff7ecfc3 1237# define _generic_isCC(c, classnum) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
f4cd282c 1238 && (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(classnum)))
4eeeb416 1239
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1240 /* The mask for the _A versions of the macros; it just adds in the bit for
1241 * ASCII. */
1242# define _CC_mask_A(classnum) (_CC_mask(classnum) | _CC_mask(_CC_ASCII))
1243
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1244 /* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1245 * isALPHA_A. The foo_A version makes sure that both the desired bit and
1246 * the ASCII bit are present */
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1247# define _generic_isCC_A(c, classnum) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1248 && ((PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask_A(classnum)) \
1249 == _CC_mask_A(classnum)))
f4cdb42c 1250
f4cdb42c 1251# define isALPHA_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_ALPHA)
15861f94 1252# define isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC)
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1253# define isBLANK_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_BLANK)
1254# define isCNTRL_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_CNTRL)
96ca48da 1255# define isDIGIT_A(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_DIGIT) /* No non-ASCII digits */
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1256# define isGRAPH_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_GRAPH)
1257# define isLOWER_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_LOWER)
1258# define isPRINT_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_PRINT)
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1259# define isPUNCT_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_PUNCT)
1260# define isSPACE_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_SPACE)
1261# define isUPPER_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_UPPER)
1262# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_WORDCHAR)
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1263# define isXDIGIT_A(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_XDIGIT) /* No non-ASCII xdigits
1264 */
d95f8b6a 1265# define isIDFIRST_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_IDFIRST)
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1266# define isALPHA_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ALPHA)
1267# define isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC)
1268# define isBLANK_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_BLANK)
1269
1270 /* continuation character for legal NAME in \N{NAME} */
1271# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_CHARNAME_CONT)
1272
1273# define isCNTRL_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_CNTRL)
1274# define isGRAPH_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_GRAPH)
1275# define isLOWER_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_LOWER)
1276# define isPRINT_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_PRINT)
b7d90381 1277# define isPSXSPC_L1(c) isSPACE_L1(c)
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1278# define isPUNCT_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_PUNCT)
1279# define isSPACE_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_SPACE)
1280# define isUPPER_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_UPPER)
1281# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_WORDCHAR)
1282# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_IDFIRST)
f4cdb42c 1283
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1284# ifdef EBCDIC
1285# define isASCII(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ASCII)
1286# endif
1287
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1288 /* Participates in a single-character fold with a character above 255 */
1289# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(_CC_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD)))
1290
1291 /* Like the above, but also can be part of a multi-char fold */
f4cd282c 1292# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(_CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD)))
430b7c70 1293
4eeeb416 1294# define _isQUOTEMETA(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_QUOTEMETA)
26faadbd 1295# define _IS_NON_FINAL_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
b7d90381 1296 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_NON_FINAL_FOLD)
37ede926 1297# define _IS_IN_SOME_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
b7d90381 1298 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_IS_IN_SOME_FOLD)
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1299# define _IS_MNEMONIC_CNTRL_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
1300 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_MNEMONIC_CNTRL)
687c8d01 1301#else /* else we don't have perl.h H_PERL */
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1302
1303 /* If we don't have perl.h, we are compiling a utility program. Below we
1304 * hard-code various macro definitions that wouldn't otherwise be available
fc273927 1305 * to it. Most are coded based on first principles. These are written to
74665a89 1306 * avoid EBCDIC vs. ASCII #ifdef's as much as possible. */
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1307# define isDIGIT_A(c) ((c) <= '9' && (c) >= '0')
1308# define isBLANK_A(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')
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1309# define isSPACE_A(c) (isBLANK_A(c) \
1310 || (c) == '\n' \
1311 || (c) == '\r' \
1312 || (c) == '\v' \
0852beac 1313 || (c) == '\f')
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1314 /* On EBCDIC, there are gaps between 'i' and 'j'; 'r' and 's'. Same for
1315 * uppercase. The tests for those aren't necessary on ASCII, but hurt only
1316 * performance (if optimization isn't on), and allow the same code to be
1317 * used for both platform types */
1318# define isLOWER_A(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z' \
1319 && ( (c) <= 'i' \
1320 || ((c) >= 'j' && (c) <= 'r') \
1321 || (c) >= 's'))
1322# define isUPPER_A(c) ((c) >= 'A' && (c) <= 'Z' \
1323 && ( (c) <= 'I' \
1324 || ((c) >= 'J' && (c) <= 'R') \
1325 || (c) >= 'S'))
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1326# define isALPHA_A(c) (isUPPER_A(c) || isLOWER_A(c))
1327# define isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
3ded5eb0 1328# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) (isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) || (c) == '_')
0852beac 1329# define isIDFIRST_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || (c) == '_')
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1330# define isXDIGIT_A(c) (isDIGIT_A(c) \
1331 || ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'f') \
a4d7a999 1332 || ((c) <= 'F' && (c) >= 'A'))
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1333# define isPUNCT_A(c) ((c) == '-' || (c) == '!' || (c) == '"' \
1334 || (c) == '#' || (c) == '$' || (c) == '%' \
1335 || (c) == '&' || (c) == '\'' || (c) == '(' \
1336 || (c) == ')' || (c) == '*' || (c) == '+' \
1337 || (c) == ',' || (c) == '.' || (c) == '/' \
1338 || (c) == ':' || (c) == ';' || (c) == '<' \
1339 || (c) == '=' || (c) == '>' || (c) == '?' \
1340 || (c) == '@' || (c) == '[' || (c) == '\\' \
1341 || (c) == ']' || (c) == '^' || (c) == '_' \
1342 || (c) == '`' || (c) == '{' || (c) == '|' \
1343 || (c) == '}' || (c) == '~')
1344# define isGRAPH_A(c) (isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) || isPUNCT_A(c))
1345# define isPRINT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) || (c) == ' ')
3ded5eb0 1346
0852beac 1347# ifdef EBCDIC
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1348 /* The below is accurate for the 3 EBCDIC code pages traditionally
1349 * supported by perl. The only difference between them in the controls
1350 * is the position of \n, and that is represented symbolically below */
1351# define isCNTRL_A(c) ((c) == '\0' || (c) == '\a' || (c) == '\b' \
1352 || (c) == '\f' || (c) == '\n' || (c) == '\r' \
1353 || (c) == '\t' || (c) == '\v' \
1354 || ((c) <= 3 && (c) >= 1) /* SOH, STX, ETX */ \
1355 || (c) == 7 /* U+7F DEL */ \
1356 || ((c) <= 0x13 && (c) >= 0x0E) /* SO, SI */ \
1357 /* DLE, DC[1-3] */ \
1358 || (c) == 0x18 /* U+18 CAN */ \
1359 || (c) == 0x19 /* U+19 EOM */ \
1360 || ((c) <= 0x1F && (c) >= 0x1C) /* [FGRU]S */ \
1361 || (c) == 0x26 /* U+17 ETB */ \
1362 || (c) == 0x27 /* U+1B ESC */ \
1363 || (c) == 0x2D /* U+05 ENQ */ \
1364 || (c) == 0x2E /* U+06 ACK */ \
1365 || (c) == 0x32 /* U+16 SYN */ \
1366 || (c) == 0x37 /* U+04 EOT */ \
1367 || (c) == 0x3C /* U+14 DC4 */ \
1368 || (c) == 0x3D /* U+15 NAK */ \
1369 || (c) == 0x3F)/* U+1A SUB */
0852beac 1370# define isASCII(c) (isCNTRL_A(c) || isPRINT_A(c))
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1371# else /* isASCII is already defined for ASCII platforms, so can use that to
1372 define isCNTRL */
1373# define isCNTRL_A(c) (isASCII(c) && ! isPRINT_A(c))
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1374# endif
1375
3ffc8c70 1376 /* The _L1 macros may be unnecessary for the utilities; I (khw) added them
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1377 * during debugging, and it seems best to keep them. We may be called
1378 * without NATIVE_TO_LATIN1 being defined. On ASCII platforms, it doesn't
1379 * do anything anyway, so make it not a problem */
1380# if ! defined(EBCDIC) && ! defined(NATIVE_TO_LATIN1)
1381# define NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(ch) (ch)
1382# endif
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1383# define isALPHA_L1(c) (isUPPER_L1(c) || isLOWER_L1(c))
1384# define isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c) (isALPHA_L1(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
1385# define isBLANK_L1(c) (isBLANK_A(c) \
1386 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1387 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA0))
1388# define isCNTRL_L1(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (! isPRINT_L1(c)))
1389# define isGRAPH_L1(c) (isPRINT_L1(c) && (! isBLANK_L1(c)))
1390# define isLOWER_L1(c) (isLOWER_A(c) \
1391 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
ae683a5f 1392 && (( NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xDF \
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1393 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) != 0xF7) \
1394 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xAA \
1395 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBA \
1396 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB5)))
1397# define isPRINT_L1(c) (isPRINT_A(c) \
1398 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1399 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xA0))
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1400# define isPUNCT_L1(c) (isPUNCT_A(c) \
1401 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
ae683a5f 1402 && ( NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA1 \
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1403 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA7 \
1404 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xAB \
1405 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB6 \
1406 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB7 \
1407 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBB \
1408 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBF)))
1409# define isSPACE_L1(c) (isSPACE_A(c) \
1410 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
ae683a5f 1411 && ( NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0x85 \
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1412 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA0)))
1413# define isUPPER_L1(c) (isUPPER_A(c) \
1414 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
ae683a5f 1415 && ( NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xC0 \
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1416 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) <= 0xDE \
1417 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) != 0xD7)))
1418# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) (isIDFIRST_L1(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
1419# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) (isALPHA_L1(c) || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(c) == '_')
1420# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) (isWORDCHAR_L1(c) \
1421 || isBLANK_L1(c) \
1422 || (c) == '-' \
1423 || (c) == '(' \
1424 || (c) == ')')
1425 /* The following are not fully accurate in the above-ASCII range. I (khw)
1426 * don't think it's necessary to be so for the purposes where this gets
1427 * compiled */
1428# define _isQUOTEMETA(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && ! isWORDCHAR_L1(c))
1429# define _IS_IN_SOME_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
1430
1431 /* And these aren't accurate at all. They are useful only for above
1432 * Latin1, which utilities and bootstrapping don't deal with */
1433# define _IS_NON_FINAL_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) 0
6838b41e 1434# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) 0
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1435# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) 0
1436
1437 /* Many of the macros later in this file are defined in terms of these. By
1438 * implementing them with a function, which converts the class number into
1439 * a call to the desired macro, all of the later ones work. However, that
1440 * function won't be actually defined when building a utility program (no
1441 * perl.h), and so a compiler error will be generated if one is attempted
1442 * to be used. And the above-Latin1 code points require Unicode tables to
1443 * be present, something unlikely to be the case when bootstrapping */
1444# define _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
1445 (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && S_bootstrap_ctype((U8) (c), (classnum), TRUE))
1446# define _generic_isCC_A(c, classnum) \
1447 (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && S_bootstrap_ctype((U8) (c), (classnum), FALSE))
687c8d01 1448#endif /* End of no perl.h H_PERL */
8a58bdcf 1449
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1450#define isALPHANUMERIC(c) isALPHANUMERIC_A(c)
1451#define isALPHA(c) isALPHA_A(c)
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1452#define isASCII_A(c) isASCII(c)
1453#define isASCII_L1(c) isASCII(c)
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1454#define isBLANK(c) isBLANK_A(c)
1455#define isCNTRL(c) isCNTRL_A(c)
1456#define isDIGIT(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
1457#define isGRAPH(c) isGRAPH_A(c)
1458#define isIDFIRST(c) isIDFIRST_A(c)
1459#define isLOWER(c) isLOWER_A(c)
1460#define isPRINT(c) isPRINT_A(c)
779cf272 1461#define isPSXSPC_A(c) isSPACE_A(c)
e66b99e9 1462#define isPSXSPC(c) isPSXSPC_A(c)
779cf272 1463#define isPSXSPC_L1(c) isSPACE_L1(c)
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1464#define isPUNCT(c) isPUNCT_A(c)
1465#define isSPACE(c) isSPACE_A(c)
1466#define isUPPER(c) isUPPER_A(c)
1467#define isWORDCHAR(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
1468#define isXDIGIT(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
1469
1470/* ASCII casing. These could also be written as
1471 #define toLOWER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toLOWER_LATIN1(c) : (c))
1472 #define toUPPER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) : (c))
1473 which uses table lookup and mask instead of subtraction. (This would
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1474 work because the _MOD does not apply in the ASCII range).
1475
1476 These actually are UTF-8 invariant casing, not just ASCII, as any non-ASCII
1477 UTF-8 invariants are neither upper nor lower. (Only on EBCDIC platforms are
1478 there non-ASCII invariants, and all of them are controls.) */
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DM
1479#define toLOWER(c) (isUPPER(c) ? (U8)((c) + ('a' - 'A')) : (c))
1480#define toUPPER(c) (isLOWER(c) ? (U8)((c) - ('a' - 'A')) : (c))
bbce6d69 1481
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1482/* In the ASCII range, these are equivalent to what they're here defined to be.
1483 * But by creating these definitions, other code doesn't have to be aware of
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1484 * this detail. Actually this works for all UTF-8 invariants, not just the
1485 * ASCII range. (EBCDIC platforms can have non-ASCII invariants.) */
25200305 1486#define toFOLD(c) toLOWER(c)
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1487#define toTITLE(c) toUPPER(c)
1488
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1489#define toLOWER_A(c) toLOWER(c)
1490#define toUPPER_A(c) toUPPER(c)
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1491#define toFOLD_A(c) toFOLD(c)
1492#define toTITLE_A(c) toTITLE(c)
1a0901db 1493
4650c663 1494/* Use table lookup for speed; returns the input itself if is out-of-range */
b2bf251f 1495#define toLOWER_LATIN1(c) ((! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
8e7c6e7d 1496 ? (c) \
f4cd282c 1497 : PL_latin1_lc[ (U8) (c) ])
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1498#define toLOWER_L1(c) toLOWER_LATIN1(c) /* Synonym for consistency */
1499
1a0901db 1500/* Modified uc. Is correct uc except for three non-ascii chars which are
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1501 * all mapped to one of them, and these need special handling; returns the
1502 * input itself if is out-of-range */
b2bf251f 1503#define toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) ((! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
8e7c6e7d 1504 ? (c) \
f4cd282c 1505 : PL_mod_latin1_uc[ (U8) (c) ])
31f05a37 1506#define IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE PL_in_utf8_CTYPE_locale
84061b6a 1507
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1508/* Use foo_LC_uvchr() instead of these for beyond the Latin1 range */
1509
1510/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1511 * isALPHA_LC, which uses the current LC_CTYPE locale. 'c' is the code point
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1512 * (0-255) to check. In a UTF-8 locale, the result is the same as calling
1513 * isFOO_L1(); the 'utf8_locale_classnum' parameter is something like
1514 * _CC_UPPER, which gives the class number for doing this. For non-UTF-8
1515 * locales, the code to actually do the test this is passed in 'non_utf8'. If
1516 * 'c' is above 255, 0 is returned. For accessing the full range of possible
1517 * code points under locale rules, use the macros based on _generic_LC_uvchr
1518 * instead of this. */
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1519#define _generic_LC_base(c, utf8_locale_classnum, non_utf8) \
1520 (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1521 ? 0 \
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1522 : IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE \
1523 ? cBOOL(PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(utf8_locale_classnum)) \
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1524 : cBOOL(non_utf8))
1525
1526/* For internal core Perl use only: a helper macro for defining macros like
1527 * isALPHA_LC. 'c' is the code point (0-255) to check. The function name to
1528 * actually do this test is passed in 'non_utf8_func', which is called on 'c',
1529 * casting 'c' to the macro _LC_CAST, which should not be parenthesized. See
1530 * _generic_LC_base for more info */
1531#define _generic_LC(c, utf8_locale_classnum, non_utf8_func) \
1532 _generic_LC_base(c,utf8_locale_classnum, \
1533 non_utf8_func( (_LC_CAST) (c)))
1534
1535/* For internal core Perl use only: like _generic_LC, but also returns TRUE if
1536 * 'c' is the platform's native underscore character */
1537#define _generic_LC_underscore(c,utf8_locale_classnum,non_utf8_func) \
1538 _generic_LC_base(c, utf8_locale_classnum, \
1539 (non_utf8_func( (_LC_CAST) (c)) \
1540 || (char)(c) == '_'))
1541
1542/* These next three are also for internal core Perl use only: case-change
247985d4
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1543 * helper macros. The reason for using the PL_latin arrays is in case the
1544 * system function is defective; it ensures uniform results that conform to the
1545 * Unicod standard. */
beab9ebe
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1546#define _generic_toLOWER_LC(c, function, cast) (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1547 ? (c) \
31f05a37
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1548 : (IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
1549 ? PL_latin1_lc[ (U8) (c) ] \
5a10328c 1550 : (cast)function((cast)(c)))
beab9ebe 1551
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1552/* Note that the result can be larger than a byte in a UTF-8 locale. It
1553 * returns a single value, so can't adequately return the upper case of LATIN
1554 * SMALL LETTER SHARP S in a UTF-8 locale (which should be a string of two
1555 * values "SS"); instead it asserts against that under DEBUGGING, and
1556 * otherwise returns its input */
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1557#define _generic_toUPPER_LC(c, function, cast) \
1558 (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1559 ? (c) \
31f05a37 1560 : ((! IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
b7d90381 1561 ? (cast)function((cast)(c)) \
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1562 : ((((U8)(c)) == MICRO_SIGN) \
1563 ? GREEK_CAPITAL_LETTER_MU \
1564 : ((((U8)(c)) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS) \
1565 ? LATIN_CAPITAL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS \
1566 : ((((U8)(c)) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S) \
1567 ? (__ASSERT_(0) (c)) \
1568 : PL_mod_latin1_uc[ (U8) (c) ])))))
1569
1570/* Note that the result can be larger than a byte in a UTF-8 locale. It
1571 * returns a single value, so can't adequately return the fold case of LATIN
1572 * SMALL LETTER SHARP S in a UTF-8 locale (which should be a string of two
1573 * values "ss"); instead it asserts against that under DEBUGGING, and
1574 * otherwise returns its input */
beab9ebe 1575#define _generic_toFOLD_LC(c, function, cast) \
4d7db1b9 1576 ((UNLIKELY((c) == MICRO_SIGN) && IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
31f05a37 1577 ? GREEK_SMALL_LETTER_MU \
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1578 : (__ASSERT_(! IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE \
1579 || (c) != LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S) \
1580 _generic_toLOWER_LC(c, function, cast)))
beab9ebe 1581
84061b6a 1582/* Use the libc versions for these if available. */
f05550c0 1583#if defined(HAS_ISASCII)
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1584# define isASCII_LC(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && isascii( (U8) (c)))
1585#else
1586# define isASCII_LC(c) isASCII(c)
1587#endif
1588
f05550c0 1589#if defined(HAS_ISBLANK)
84061b6a 1590# define isBLANK_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_BLANK, isblank)
95f34b6f 1591#else /* Unlike isASCII, varies if in a UTF-8 locale */
278b2b56 1592# define isBLANK_LC(c) ((IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) ? isBLANK_L1(c) : isBLANK(c))
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1593#endif
1594
f05550c0 1595#define _LC_CAST U8
bbce6d69 1596
f05550c0 1597#ifdef WIN32
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1598 /* The Windows functions don't bother to follow the POSIX standard, which
1599 * for example says that something can't both be a printable and a control.
1600 * But Windows treats the \t control as a printable, and does such things
1601 * as making superscripts into both digits and punctuation. This tames
1602 * these flaws by assuming that the definitions of both controls and space
1603 * are correct, and then making sure that other definitions don't have
1604 * weirdnesses, by making sure that isalnum() isn't also ispunct(), etc.
1605 * Not all possible weirdnesses are checked for, just the ones that were
1606 * detected on actual Microsoft code pages */
1607
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1608# define isCNTRL_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_CNTRL, iscntrl)
1609# define isSPACE_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_SPACE, isspace)
1610
1611# define isALPHA_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHA, isalpha) \
1612 && isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
1613# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, isalnum) && \
1614 ! isPUNCT_LC(c))
1615# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_DIGIT, isdigit) && \
1616 isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
1617# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_GRAPH, isgraph) && isPRINT_LC(c))
1618# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (((c) == '_') \
1619 || (_generic_LC(c, _CC_IDFIRST, isalpha) && ! isPUNCT_LC(c)))
1620# define isLOWER_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_LOWER, islower) && isALPHA_LC(c))
1621# define isPRINT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_PRINT, isprint) && ! isCNTRL_LC(c))
1622# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_PUNCT, ispunct) && ! isCNTRL_LC(c))
1623# define isUPPER_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_UPPER, isupper) && isALPHA_LC(c))
f05550c0 1624# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) (((c) == '_') || isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
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1625# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_XDIGIT, isxdigit) \
1626 && isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
f05550c0
BF
1627
1628# define toLOWER_LC(c) _generic_toLOWER_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1629# define toUPPER_LC(c) _generic_toUPPER_LC((c), toupper, U8)
1630# define toFOLD_LC(c) _generic_toFOLD_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1631
1632#elif defined(CTYPE256) || (!defined(isascii) && !defined(HAS_ISASCII))
4650c663 1633 /* For most other platforms */
beab9ebe 1634
f05550c0
BF
1635# define isALPHA_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHA, isalpha)
1636# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, isalnum)
1637# define isCNTRL_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_CNTRL, iscntrl)
1638# define isDIGIT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_DIGIT, isdigit)
1639# define isGRAPH_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_GRAPH, isgraph)
1640# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) _generic_LC_underscore(c, _CC_IDFIRST, isalpha)
1641# define isLOWER_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_LOWER, islower)
1642# define isPRINT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_PRINT, isprint)
1643# define isPUNCT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_PUNCT, ispunct)
1644# define isSPACE_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_SPACE, isspace)
1645# define isUPPER_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_UPPER, isupper)
1646# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) _generic_LC_underscore(c, _CC_WORDCHAR, isalnum)
1647# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_XDIGIT, isxdigit)
1648
1649
1650# define toLOWER_LC(c) _generic_toLOWER_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1651# define toUPPER_LC(c) _generic_toUPPER_LC((c), toupper, U8)
1652# define toFOLD_LC(c) _generic_toFOLD_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1653
1654#else /* The final fallback position */
1655
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1656# define isALPHA_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalpha(c))
1657# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalnum(c))
1658# define isCNTRL_LC(c) (isascii(c) && iscntrl(c))
1659# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isdigit(c))
1660# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isgraph(c))
f05550c0 1661# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalpha(c) || (c) == '_'))
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1662# define isLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && islower(c))
1663# define isPRINT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isprint(c))
1664# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && ispunct(c))
1665# define isSPACE_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isspace(c))
1666# define isUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isupper(c))
f05550c0 1667# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalnum(c) || (c) == '_'))
b7d90381 1668# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isxdigit(c))
f05550c0
BF
1669
1670# define toLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
1671# define toUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? toupper(c) : (c))
1672# define toFOLD_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
bbce6d69 1673
f05550c0 1674#endif
55204971 1675
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1676#define isIDCONT(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
1677#define isIDCONT_A(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
1678#define isIDCONT_L1(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
1679#define isIDCONT_LC(c) isWORDCHAR_LC(c)
13380643 1680#define isPSXSPC_LC(c) isSPACE_LC(c)
aaa51d5e 1681
4650c663 1682/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
d0da05db
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1683 * isALPHA_uvchr. 'c' is the code point to check. 'classnum' is the POSIX class
1684 * number defined earlier in this file. _generic_uvchr() is used for POSIX
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1685 * classes where there is a macro or function 'above_latin1' that takes the
1686 * single argument 'c' and returns the desired value. These exist for those
1687 * classes which have simple definitions, avoiding the overhead of a hash
d0da05db 1688 * lookup or inversion list binary search. _generic_swash_uvchr() can be used
4650c663 1689 * for classes where that overhead is faster than a direct lookup.
d0da05db 1690 * _generic_uvchr() won't compile if 'c' isn't unsigned, as it won't match the
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1691 * 'above_latin1' prototype. _generic_isCC() macro does bounds checking, so
1692 * have duplicate checks here, so could create versions of the macros that
1693 * don't, but experiments show that gcc optimizes them out anyway. */
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1694
1695/* Note that all ignore 'use bytes' */
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1696#define _generic_uvchr(classnum, above_latin1, c) ((c) < 256 \
1697 ? _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
cd500f2f 1698 : above_latin1(c))
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1699#define _generic_swash_uvchr(classnum, c) ((c) < 256 \
1700 ? _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
922e8cb4 1701 : _is_uni_FOO(classnum, c))
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1702#define isALPHA_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_ALPHA, c)
1703#define isALPHANUMERIC_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_ALPHANUMERIC, c)
1704#define isASCII_uvchr(c) isASCII(c)
1705#define isBLANK_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_BLANK, is_HORIZWS_cp_high, c)
1706#define isCNTRL_uvchr(c) isCNTRL_L1(c) /* All controls are in Latin1 */
1707#define isDIGIT_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_DIGIT, c)
1708#define isGRAPH_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_GRAPH, c)
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1709#define isIDCONT_uvchr(c) \
1710 _generic_uvchr(_CC_WORDCHAR, _is_uni_perl_idcont, c)
1711#define isIDFIRST_uvchr(c) \
1712 _generic_uvchr(_CC_IDFIRST, _is_uni_perl_idstart, c)
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1713#define isLOWER_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_LOWER, c)
1714#define isPRINT_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_PRINT, c)
1715
1716#define isPUNCT_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_PUNCT, c)
1717#define isSPACE_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_SPACE, is_XPERLSPACE_cp_high, c)
1718#define isPSXSPC_uvchr(c) isSPACE_uvchr(c)
1719
1720#define isUPPER_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_UPPER, c)
1721#define isVERTWS_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_VERTSPACE, is_VERTWS_cp_high, c)
1722#define isWORDCHAR_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_WORDCHAR, c)
1723#define isXDIGIT_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_XDIGIT, is_XDIGIT_cp_high, c)
1724
1725#define toFOLD_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_fold(c,s,l)
1726#define toLOWER_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_lower(c,s,l)
1727#define toTITLE_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_title(c,s,l)
1728#define toUPPER_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_upper(c,s,l)
1729
1730/* For backwards compatibility, even though '_uni' should mean official Unicode
1731 * code points, in Perl it means native for those below 256 */
1732#define isALPHA_uni(c) isALPHA_uvchr(c)
1733#define isALPHANUMERIC_uni(c) isALPHANUMERIC_uvchr(c)
1734#define isASCII_uni(c) isASCII_uvchr(c)
1735#define isBLANK_uni(c) isBLANK_uvchr(c)
1736#define isCNTRL_uni(c) isCNTRL_uvchr(c)
1737#define isDIGIT_uni(c) isDIGIT_uvchr(c)
1738#define isGRAPH_uni(c) isGRAPH_uvchr(c)
1739#define isIDCONT_uni(c) isIDCONT_uvchr(c)
1740#define isIDFIRST_uni(c) isIDFIRST_uvchr(c)
1741#define isLOWER_uni(c) isLOWER_uvchr(c)
1742#define isPRINT_uni(c) isPRINT_uvchr(c)
1743#define isPUNCT_uni(c) isPUNCT_uvchr(c)
1744#define isSPACE_uni(c) isSPACE_uvchr(c)
1745#define isPSXSPC_uni(c) isPSXSPC_uvchr(c)
1746#define isUPPER_uni(c) isUPPER_uvchr(c)
1747#define isVERTWS_uni(c) isVERTWS_uvchr(c)
1748#define isWORDCHAR_uni(c) isWORDCHAR_uvchr(c)
1749#define isXDIGIT_uni(c) isXDIGIT_uvchr(c)
1750#define toFOLD_uni(c,s,l) toFOLD_uvchr(c,s,l)
1751#define toLOWER_uni(c,s,l) toLOWER_uvchr(c,s,l)
1752#define toTITLE_uni(c,s,l) toTITLE_uvchr(c,s,l)
1753#define toUPPER_uni(c,s,l) toUPPER_uvchr(c,s,l)
a0ed51b3 1754
4650c663
KW
1755/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1756 * isALPHA_LC_uvchr. These are like isALPHA_LC, but the input can be any code
d0da05db 1757 * point, not just 0-255. Like _generic_uvchr, there are two versions, one for
4650c663 1758 * simple class definitions; the other for more complex. These are like
d0da05db 1759 * _generic_uvchr, so see it for more info. */
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1760#define _generic_LC_uvchr(latin1, above_latin1, c) \
1761 (c < 256 ? latin1(c) : above_latin1(c))
1762#define _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(latin1, classnum, c) \
1763 (c < 256 ? latin1(c) : _is_uni_FOO(classnum, c))
1764
1765#define isALPHA_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isALPHA_LC, _CC_ALPHA, c)
1766#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isALPHANUMERIC_LC, \
1767 _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, c)
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1768#define isASCII_LC_uvchr(c) isASCII_LC(c)
1769#define isBLANK_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isBLANK_LC, \
1770 is_HORIZWS_cp_high, c)
feeab5a9 1771#define isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isCNTRL_LC(c) : 0)
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1772#define isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isDIGIT_LC, _CC_DIGIT, c)
1773#define isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isGRAPH_LC, _CC_GRAPH, c)
b7d90381 1774#define isIDCONT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isIDCONT_LC, \
eba68aa0 1775 _is_uni_perl_idcont, c)
b7d90381 1776#define isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isIDFIRST_LC, \
cd500f2f
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1777 _is_uni_perl_idstart, c)
1778#define isLOWER_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isLOWER_LC, _CC_LOWER, c)
1779#define isPRINT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isPRINT_LC, _CC_PRINT, c)
b7d90381 1780#define isPSXSPC_LC_uvchr(c) isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c)
cd500f2f 1781#define isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isPUNCT_LC, _CC_PUNCT, c)
b7d90381 1782#define isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isSPACE_LC, \
509fb054 1783 is_XPERLSPACE_cp_high, c)
cd500f2f 1784#define isUPPER_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isUPPER_LC, _CC_UPPER, c)
b7d90381 1785#define isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isWORDCHAR_LC, \
cd500f2f 1786 _CC_WORDCHAR, c)
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1787#define isXDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isXDIGIT_LC, \
1788 is_XDIGIT_cp_high, c)
e712593e 1789
b7d90381 1790#define isBLANK_LC_uni(c) isBLANK_LC_uvchr(UNI_TO_NATIVE(c))
aaa51d5e 1791
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1792/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1793 * isALPHA_utf8. These are like the earlier defined macros, but take an input
1794 * UTF-8 encoded string 'p'. If the input is in the Latin1 range, use
1795 * the Latin1 macro 'classnum' on 'p'. Otherwise use the value given by the
1796 * 'utf8' parameter. This relies on the fact that ASCII characters have the
1797 * same representation whether utf8 or not. Note that it assumes that the utf8
1798 * has been validated, and ignores 'use bytes' */
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1799#define _base_generic_utf8(enum_name, name, p, use_locale ) \
1800 _is_utf8_FOO(CAT2(_CC_, enum_name), \
1801 (const U8 *) p, \
1802 "is" STRINGIFY(name) "_utf8", \
1803 "is" STRINGIFY(name) "_utf8_safe", \
1804 1, use_locale, __FILE__,__LINE__)
1805
1806#define _generic_utf8(name, p) _base_generic_utf8(name, name, p, 0)
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1807
1808/* The "_safe" macros make sure that we don't attempt to read beyond 'e', but
1809 * they don't otherwise go out of their way to look for malformed UTF-8. If
1810 * they can return accurate results without knowing if the input is otherwise
1811 * malformed, they do so. For example isASCII is accurate in spite of any
1812 * non-length malformations because it looks only at a single byte. Likewise
1813 * isDIGIT looks just at the first byte for code points 0-255, as all UTF-8
1814 * variant ones return FALSE. But, if the input has to be well-formed in order
1815 * for the results to be accurate, the macros will test and if malformed will
1816 * call a routine to die
1817 *
1818 * Except for toke.c, the macros do assume that e > p, asserting that on
1819 * DEBUGGING builds. Much code that calls these depends on this being true,
1820 * for other reasons. toke.c is treated specially as using the regular
1821 * assertion breaks it in many ways. All strings that these operate on there
1822 * are supposed to have an extra NUL character at the end, so that *e = \0. A
1823 * bunch of code in toke.c assumes that this is true, so the assertion allows
1824 * for that */
1825#ifdef PERL_IN_TOKE_C
1826# define _utf8_safe_assert(p,e) ((e) > (p) || ((e) == (p) && *(p) == '\0'))
1827#else
1828# define _utf8_safe_assert(p,e) ((e) > (p))
1829#endif
1830
1831#define _generic_utf8_safe(classnum, p, e, above_latin1) \
1832 (__ASSERT_(_utf8_safe_assert(p, e)) \
1833 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p))) \
1834 ? _generic_isCC(*(p), classnum) \
1835 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p)) \
1836 ? ((LIKELY((e) - (p) > 1 && UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION(*((p)+1)))) \
1837 ? _generic_isCC(EIGHT_BIT_UTF8_TO_NATIVE(*(p), *((p)+1 )), \
1838 classnum) \
1839 : (_force_out_malformed_utf8_message( \
1840 (U8 *) (p), (U8 *) (e), 0, 1), 0)) \
1841 : above_latin1))
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1842/* Like the above, but calls 'above_latin1(p)' to get the utf8 value.
1843 * 'above_latin1' can be a macro */
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1844#define _generic_func_utf8_safe(classnum, above_latin1, p, e) \
1845 _generic_utf8_safe(classnum, p, e, above_latin1(p, e))
1846#define _generic_non_swash_utf8_safe(classnum, above_latin1, p, e) \
1847 _generic_utf8_safe(classnum, p, e, \
1848 (UNLIKELY((e) - (p) < UTF8SKIP(p)) \
1849 ? (_force_out_malformed_utf8_message( \
1850 (U8 *) (p), (U8 *) (e), 0, 1), 0) \
1851 : above_latin1(p)))
4650c663 1852/* Like the above, but passes classnum to _isFOO_utf8(), instead of having an
cd500f2f 1853 * 'above_latin1' parameter */
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1854#define _generic_swash_utf8_safe(classnum, p, e) \
1855_generic_utf8_safe(classnum, p, e, _is_utf8_FOO_with_len(classnum, p, e))
922e8cb4 1856
cc8ab7c0 1857/* Like the above, but should be used only when it is known that there are no
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1858 * characters in the upper-Latin1 range (128-255 on ASCII platforms) which the
1859 * class is TRUE for. Hence it can skip the tests for this range.
1860 * 'above_latin1' should include its arguments */
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1861#define _generic_utf8_safe_no_upper_latin1(classnum, p, e, above_latin1) \
1862 (__ASSERT_(_utf8_safe_assert(p, e)) \
1863 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p))) \
1864 ? _generic_isCC(*(p), classnum) \
1865 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
1866 ? 0 /* Note that doesn't check validity for latin1 */ \
1867 : above_latin1)
1868
84238efa 1869
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1870#define isALPHA_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(ALPHA, p)
1871#define isALPHANUMERIC_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(ALPHANUMERIC, p)
1872#define isASCII_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(ASCII, p)
1873#define isBLANK_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(BLANK, p)
1874#define isCNTRL_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(CNTRL, p)
1875#define isDIGIT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(DIGIT, p)
1876#define isGRAPH_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(GRAPH, p)
1877#define isIDCONT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(IDCONT, p)
1878#define isIDFIRST_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(IDFIRST, p)
1879#define isLOWER_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(LOWER, p)
1880#define isPRINT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(PRINT, p)
1881#define isPSXSPC_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(PSXSPC, p)
1882#define isPUNCT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(PUNCT, p)
1883#define isSPACE_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(SPACE, p)
1884#define isUPPER_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(UPPER, p)
1885#define isVERTWS_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(VERTSPACE, p)
1886#define isWORDCHAR_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(WORDCHAR, p)
1887#define isXDIGIT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(XDIGIT, p)
e8fa43e2 1888
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1889#define isALPHA_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_ALPHA, p, e)
1890#define isALPHANUMERIC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1891 _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_ALPHANUMERIC, p, e)
1892#define isASCII_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1893 /* Because ASCII is invariant under utf8, the non-utf8 macro \
1894 * works */ \
1895 (__ASSERT_(_utf8_safe_assert(p, e)) isASCII(*(p)))
1896#define isBLANK_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1897 _generic_non_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_BLANK, is_HORIZWS_high, p, e)
1898
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1899#ifdef EBCDIC
1900 /* Because all controls are UTF-8 invariants in EBCDIC, we can use this
1901 * more efficient macro instead of the more general one */
da8c1a98 1902# define isCNTRL_utf8_safe(p, e) \
56d02b8c 1903 (__ASSERT_(_utf8_safe_assert(p, e)) isCNTRL_L1(*(p)))
e8fa43e2 1904#else
da8c1a98 1905# define isCNTRL_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_utf8_safe(_CC_CNTRL, p, e, 0)
e8fa43e2
KW
1906#endif
1907
da8c1a98
KW
1908#define isDIGIT_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1909 _generic_utf8_safe_no_upper_latin1(_CC_DIGIT, p, e, \
1910 _is_utf8_FOO_with_len(_CC_DIGIT, p, e))
1911#define isGRAPH_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_GRAPH, p, e)
1912#define isIDCONT_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_func_utf8_safe(_CC_WORDCHAR, \
1913 _is_utf8_perl_idcont_with_len, p, e)
e5dcd934 1914
c11ff943
KW
1915/* To prevent S_scan_word in toke.c from hanging, we have to make sure that
1916 * IDFIRST is an alnum. See
c8362b00 1917 * http://rt.perl.org/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=74022 for more detail than you
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KW
1918 * ever wanted to know about. (In the ASCII range, there isn't a difference.)
1919 * This used to be not the XID version, but we decided to go with the more
1920 * modern Unicode definition */
da8c1a98
KW
1921#define isIDFIRST_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1922 _generic_func_utf8_safe(_CC_IDFIRST, \
1923 _is_utf8_perl_idstart_with_len, (U8 *) (p), (U8 *) (e))
1924
1925#define isLOWER_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_LOWER, p, e)
1926#define isPRINT_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_PRINT, p, e)
1927#define isPSXSPC_utf8_safe(p, e) isSPACE_utf8_safe(p, e)
1928#define isPUNCT_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_PUNCT, p, e)
1929#define isSPACE_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1930 _generic_non_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_SPACE, is_XPERLSPACE_high, p, e)
1931#define isUPPER_utf8_safe(p, e) _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_UPPER, p, e)
1932#define isVERTWS_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1933 _generic_non_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_VERTSPACE, is_VERTWS_high, p, e)
1934#define isWORDCHAR_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1935 _generic_swash_utf8_safe(_CC_WORDCHAR, p, e)
1936#define isXDIGIT_utf8_safe(p, e) \
1937 _generic_utf8_safe_no_upper_latin1(_CC_XDIGIT, p, e, \
1938 (UNLIKELY((e) - (p) < UTF8SKIP(p)) \
1939 ? (_force_out_malformed_utf8_message( \
1940 (U8 *) (p), (U8 *) (e), 0, 1), 0) \
1941 : is_XDIGIT_high(p)))
a0ed51b3 1942
7d2b61dd 1943#define toFOLD_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_fold(p,s,l)
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1944#define toLOWER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_lower(p,s,l)
1945#define toTITLE_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_title(p,s,l)
1946#define toUPPER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_upper(p,s,l)
2e8adce6 1947
567b353c 1948/* For internal core use only, subject to change */
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KW
1949#define _toFOLD_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l,f) _to_utf8_fold_flags (p,e,s,l,f, "", 0)
1950#define _toLOWER_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l,f) _to_utf8_lower_flags(p,e,s,l,f, "", 0)
1951#define _toTITLE_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l,f) _to_utf8_title_flags(p,e,s,l,f, "", 0)
1952#define _toUPPER_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l,f) _to_utf8_upper_flags(p,e,s,l,f, "", 0)
a1a5ec35
KW
1953
1954#define toFOLD_utf8_safe(p,e,s,l) _toFOLD_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l, FOLD_FLAGS_FULL)
1955#define toLOWER_utf8_safe(p,e,s,l) _toLOWER_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l, 0)
1956#define toTITLE_utf8_safe(p,e,s,l) _toTITLE_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l, 0)
1957#define toUPPER_utf8_safe(p,e,s,l) _toUPPER_utf8_flags(p,e,s,l, 0)
567b353c 1958
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1959/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1960 * isALPHA_LC_utf8. These are like _generic_utf8, but if the first code point
1961 * in 'p' is within the 0-255 range, it uses locale rules from the passed-in
1962 * 'macro' parameter */
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1963#define _generic_LC_utf8(name, p) _base_generic_utf8(name, name, p, 1)
1964
1965#define isALPHA_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(ALPHA, p)
1966#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(ALPHANUMERIC, p)
1967#define isASCII_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(ASCII, p)
1968#define isBLANK_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(BLANK, p)
1969#define isCNTRL_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(CNTRL, p)
1970#define isDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(DIGIT, p)
1971#define isGRAPH_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(GRAPH, p)
1972#define isIDCONT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(IDCONT, p)
1973#define isIDFIRST_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(IDFIRST, p)
1974#define isLOWER_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(LOWER, p)
1975#define isPRINT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(PRINT, p)
1976#define isPSXSPC_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(PSXSPC, p)
1977#define isPUNCT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(PUNCT, p)
1978#define isSPACE_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(SPACE, p)
1979#define isUPPER_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(UPPER, p)
1980#define isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(WORDCHAR, p)
1981#define isXDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(XDIGIT, p)
1982
da8c1a98
KW
1983/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1984 * isALPHA_LC_utf8_safe. These are like _generic_utf8, but if the first code
1985 * point in 'p' is within the 0-255 range, it uses locale rules from the
1986 * passed-in 'macro' parameter */
1987#define _generic_LC_utf8_safe(macro, p, e, above_latin1) \
1988 (__ASSERT_(_utf8_safe_assert(p, e)) \
1989 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p))) \
1990 ? macro(*(p)) \
1991 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p)) \
1992 ? ((LIKELY((e) - (p) > 1 && UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION(*((p)+1)))) \
1993 ? macro(EIGHT_BIT_UTF8_TO_NATIVE(*(p), *((p)+1))) \
1994 : (_force_out_malformed_utf8_message( \
1995 (U8 *) (p), (U8 *) (e), 0, 1), 0)) \
1996 : above_latin1))
1997
1998#define _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(macro, classnum, p, e) \
1999 _generic_LC_utf8_safe(macro, p, e, \
2000 _is_utf8_FOO_with_len(classnum, p, e))
2001
2002#define _generic_LC_func_utf8_safe(macro, above_latin1, p, e) \
2003 _generic_LC_utf8_safe(macro, p, e, above_latin1(p, e))
2004
2005#define _generic_LC_non_swash_utf8_safe(classnum, above_latin1, p, e) \
2006 _generic_LC_utf8_safe(classnum, p, e, \
2007 (UNLIKELY((e) - (p) < UTF8SKIP(p)) \
2008 ? (_force_out_malformed_utf8_message( \
2009 (U8 *) (p), (U8 *) (e), 0, 1), 0) \
2010 : above_latin1(p)))
2011
2012#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2013 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isALPHANUMERIC_LC, \
2014 _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, p, e)
2015#define isALPHA_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2016 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isALPHA_LC, _CC_ALPHA, p, e)
2017#define isASCII_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2018 (__ASSERT_(_utf8_safe_assert(p, e)) isASCII_LC(*(p)))
2019#define isBLANK_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2020 _generic_LC_non_swash_utf8_safe(isBLANK_LC, is_HORIZWS_high, p, e)
2021#define isCNTRL_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2022 _generic_LC_utf8_safe(isCNTRL_LC, p, e, 0)
2023#define isDIGIT_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2024 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isDIGIT_LC, _CC_DIGIT, p, e)
2025#define isGRAPH_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2026 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isGRAPH_LC, _CC_GRAPH, p, e)
2027#define isIDCONT_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2028 _generic_LC_func_utf8_safe(isIDCONT_LC, \
2029 _is_utf8_perl_idcont_with_len, p, e)
2030#define isIDFIRST_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2031 _generic_LC_func_utf8_safe(isIDFIRST_LC, \
2032 _is_utf8_perl_idstart_with_len, p, e)
2033#define isLOWER_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2034 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isLOWER_LC, _CC_LOWER, p, e)
2035#define isPRINT_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2036 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isPRINT_LC, _CC_PRINT, p, e)
2037#define isPSXSPC_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) isSPACE_LC_utf8_safe(p, e)
2038#define isPUNCT_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2039 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isPUNCT_LC, _CC_PUNCT, p, e)
2040#define isSPACE_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2041 _generic_LC_non_swash_utf8_safe(isSPACE_LC, is_XPERLSPACE_high, p, e)
2042#define isUPPER_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2043 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isUPPER_LC, _CC_UPPER, p, e)
2044#define isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2045 _generic_LC_swash_utf8_safe(isWORDCHAR_LC, _CC_WORDCHAR, p, e)
2046#define isXDIGIT_LC_utf8_safe(p, e) \
2047 _generic_LC_non_swash_utf8_safe(isXDIGIT_LC, is_XDIGIT_high, p, e)
aaa51d5e 2048
fbc19f27
KW
2049/* Macros for backwards compatibility and for completeness when the ASCII and
2050 * Latin1 values are identical */
b7d90381
KW
2051#define isALPHAU(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
2052#define isDIGIT_L1(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
2053#define isOCTAL(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
2054#define isOCTAL_L1(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
2055#define isXDIGIT_L1(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
2056#define isALNUM(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
2057#define isALNUMU(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
2058#define isALNUM_LC(c) isWORDCHAR_LC(c)
2059#define isALNUM_uni(c) isWORDCHAR_uni(c)
2e28f0b9 2060#define isALNUM_LC_uvchr(c) isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr(c)
b7d90381
KW
2061#define isALNUM_utf8(p) isWORDCHAR_utf8(p)
2062#define isALNUM_LC_utf8(p) isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8(p)
2063#define isALNUMC_A(c) isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) /* Mnemonic: "C's alnum" */
2064#define isALNUMC_L1(c) isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c)
2065#define isALNUMC(c) isALPHANUMERIC(c)
2066#define isALNUMC_LC(c) isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c)
2067#define isALNUMC_uni(c) isALPHANUMERIC_uni(c)
15861f94 2068#define isALNUMC_LC_uvchr(c) isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr(c)
b7d90381 2069#define isALNUMC_utf8(p) isALPHANUMERIC_utf8(p)
15861f94 2070#define isALNUMC_LC_utf8(p) isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8(p)
fbc19f27 2071
2bd1cbf6
KW
2072/* On EBCDIC platforms, CTRL-@ is 0, CTRL-A is 1, etc, just like on ASCII,
2073 * except that they don't necessarily mean the same characters, e.g. CTRL-D is
2074 * 4 on both systems, but that is EOT on ASCII; ST on EBCDIC.
2075 * '?' is special-cased on EBCDIC to APC, which is the control there that is
2076 * the outlier from the block that contains the other controls, just like
2077 * toCTRL('?') on ASCII yields DEL, the control that is the outlier from the C0
2078 * block. If it weren't special cased, it would yield a non-control.
88794300
KW
2079 * The conversion works both ways, so toCTRL('D') is 4, and toCTRL(4) is D,
2080 * etc. */
2bd1cbf6 2081#ifndef EBCDIC
75763b3a 2082# define toCTRL(c) (__ASSERT_(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) toUPPER(((U8)(c))) ^ 64)
2bd1cbf6 2083#else
75763b3a
KW
2084# define toCTRL(c) (__ASSERT_(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
2085 ((isPRINT_A(c)) \
2086 ? (UNLIKELY((c) == '?') \
2087 ? QUESTION_MARK_CTRL \
2088 : (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(toUPPER((U8) (c))) ^ 64)) \
2089 : (UNLIKELY((c) == QUESTION_MARK_CTRL) \
2090 ? '?' \
2091 : (LATIN1_TO_NATIVE(((U8) (c)) ^ 64)))))
2bd1cbf6 2092#endif
bbce6d69 2093
dea28490
JJ
2094/* Line numbers are unsigned, 32 bits. */
2095typedef U32 line_t;
e5dcd934 2096#define NOLINE ((line_t) 4294967295UL) /* = FFFFFFFF */
378cc40b 2097
91152fc1
DG
2098/* Helpful alias for version prescan */
2099#define is_LAX_VERSION(a,b) \
2100 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, FALSE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
2101
2102#define is_STRICT_VERSION(a,b) \
2103 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, TRUE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
2104
2105#define BADVERSION(a,b,c) \
2106 if (b) { \
2107 *b = c; \
2108 } \
2109 return a;
8c52afec 2110
cb27eebd
KW
2111/* Converts a character known to represent a hexadecimal digit (0-9, A-F, or
2112 * a-f) to its numeric value. READ_XDIGIT's argument is a string pointer,
2113 * which is advanced. The input is validated only by an assert() in DEBUGGING
2114 * builds. In both ASCII and EBCDIC the last 4 bits of the digits are 0-9; and
2115 * the last 4 bits of A-F and a-f are 1-6, so adding 9 yields 10-15 */
2116#define XDIGIT_VALUE(c) (__ASSERT_(isXDIGIT(c)) (0xf & (isDIGIT(c) \
2117 ? (c) \
2118 : ((c) + 9))))
902008b8
KW
2119#define READ_XDIGIT(s) (__ASSERT_(isXDIGIT(*s)) (0xf & (isDIGIT(*(s)) \
2120 ? (*(s)++) \
2121 : (*(s)++ + 9))))
95a59cab 2122
cb27eebd
KW
2123/* Converts a character known to represent an octal digit (0-7) to its numeric
2124 * value. The input is validated only by an assert() in DEBUGGING builds. In
2125 * both ASCII and EBCDIC the last 3 bits of the octal digits range from 0-7. */
2126#define OCTAL_VALUE(c) (__ASSERT_(isOCTAL(c)) (7 & (c)))
2127
305b8651
KW
2128/* Efficiently returns a boolean as to if two native characters are equivalent
2129 * case-insenstively. At least one of the characters must be one of [A-Za-z];
2130 * the ALPHA in the name is to remind you of that. This is asserted() in
2131 * DEBUGGING builds. Because [A-Za-z] are invariant under UTF-8, this macro
2132 * works (on valid input) for both non- and UTF-8-encoded bytes.
2133 *
2134 * When one of the inputs is a compile-time constant and gets folded by the
2135 * compiler, this reduces to an AND and a TEST. On both EBCDIC and ASCII
2136 * machines, 'A' and 'a' differ by a single bit; the same with the upper and
2137 * lower case of all other ASCII-range alphabetics. On ASCII platforms, they
96ca48da
KW
2138 * are 32 apart; on EBCDIC, they are 64. At compile time, this uses an
2139 * exclusive 'or' to find that bit and then inverts it to form a mask, with
2140 * just a single 0, in the bit position where the upper- and lowercase differ.
2141 * */
305b8651
KW
2142#define isALPHA_FOLD_EQ(c1, c2) \
2143 (__ASSERT_(isALPHA_A(c1) || isALPHA_A(c2)) \
2144 ((c1) & ~('A' ^ 'a')) == ((c2) & ~('A' ^ 'a')))
2145#define isALPHA_FOLD_NE(c1, c2) (! isALPHA_FOLD_EQ((c1), (c2)))
2146
8e84507e 2147/*
ccfc67b7
JH
2148=head1 Memory Management
2149
a02a5408 2150=for apidoc Am|void|Newx|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994
GS
2151The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function.
2152
596f7718 2153Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 2154
c5008215
JC
2155In 5.9.3, Newx() and friends replace the older New() API, and drops
2156the first parameter, I<x>, a debug aid which allowed callers to identify
37b8b4c9 2157themselves. This aid has been superseded by a new build option,
d10b4965 2158PERL_MEM_LOG (see L<perlhacktips/PERL_MEM_LOG>). The older API is still
c5008215
JC
2159there for use in XS modules supporting older perls.
2160
a02a5408 2161=for apidoc Am|void|Newxc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
954c1994 2162The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function, with
fbe13c60 2163cast. See also C<L</Newx>>.
954c1994 2164
596f7718 2165Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 2166
a02a5408 2167=for apidoc Am|void|Newxz|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994 2168The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function. The allocated
fbe13c60 2169memory is zeroed with C<memzero>. See also C<L</Newx>>.
a02a5408 2170
596f7718 2171Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 2172
954c1994
GS
2173=for apidoc Am|void|Renew|void* ptr|int nitems|type
2174The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function.
2175
596f7718 2176Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 2177
954c1994
GS
2178=for apidoc Am|void|Renewc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
2179The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function, with
2180cast.
2181
596f7718 2182Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 2183
49b8b560 2184=for apidoc Am|void|Safefree|void* ptr
954c1994
GS
2185The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<free> function.
2186
596f7718 2187This should B<ONLY> be used on memory obtained using L</"Newx"> and friends.
0d7b2759 2188
954c1994
GS
2189=for apidoc Am|void|Move|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
2190The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memmove> function. The C<src> is the
926bb54c 2191source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and
fbe13c60 2192C<type> is the type. Can do overlapping moves. See also C<L</Copy>>.
954c1994 2193
e90e2364 2194=for apidoc Am|void *|MoveD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
796b6530 2195Like C<Move> but returns C<dest>. Useful
72d33970 2196for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
2197optimise.
2198
954c1994
GS
2199=for apidoc Am|void|Copy|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
2200The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memcpy> function. The C<src> is the
926bb54c 2201source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and
fbe13c60 2202C<type> is the type. May fail on overlapping copies. See also C<L</Move>>.
954c1994 2203
e90e2364
NC
2204=for apidoc Am|void *|CopyD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
2205
796b6530 2206Like C<Copy> but returns C<dest>. Useful
72d33970 2207for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
2208optimise.
2209
954c1994
GS
2210=for apidoc Am|void|Zero|void* dest|int nitems|type
2211
2212The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memzero> function. The C<dest> is the
2213destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is the type.
2214
e90e2364
NC
2215=for apidoc Am|void *|ZeroD|void* dest|int nitems|type
2216
72d33970
FC
2217Like C<Zero> but returns dest. Useful
2218for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
2219optimise.
2220
da5d8dbb 2221=for apidoc Am|void|StructCopy|type *src|type *dest|type
4375e838 2222This is an architecture-independent macro to copy one structure to another.
954c1994 2223
7e337ee0
JH
2224=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonWith|void* dest|int nitems|type|U8 byte
2225
2226Fill up memory with a byte pattern (a byte repeated over and over
2227again) that hopefully catches attempts to access uninitialized memory.
2228
2229=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonNew|void* dest|int nitems|type
2230
2231PoisonWith(0xAB) for catching access to allocated but uninitialized memory.
2232
1c12ffb4 2233=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonFree|void* dest|int nitems|type
7e337ee0
JH
2234
2235PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
2236
9965345d
JH
2237=for apidoc Am|void|Poison|void* dest|int nitems|type
2238
7e337ee0 2239PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
9965345d
JH
2240
2241=cut */
954c1994 2242
561b68a9
SH
2243/* Maintained for backwards-compatibility only. Use newSV() instead. */
2244#ifndef PERL_CORE
ff06c60c 2245#define NEWSV(x,len) newSV(len)
561b68a9 2246#endif
ff06c60c 2247
b7112dce 2248#define MEM_SIZE_MAX ((MEM_SIZE)-1)
19a94d75 2249
a500027b 2250#define _PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_UNCHECKED(n) (((n) - 1 + PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM) & ~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM - 1))
e6bdf523 2251
27d5b266 2252#ifdef PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
e6bdf523
DM
2253
2254/* This expression will be constant-folded at compile time. It checks
2255 * whether or not the type of the count n is so small (e.g. U8 or U16, or
2256 * U32 on 64-bit systems) that there's no way a wrap-around could occur.
2257 * As well as avoiding the need for a run-time check in some cases, it's
2258 * designed to avoid compiler warnings like:
2259 * comparison is always false due to limited range of data type
73e8ff00
DM
2260 * It's mathematically equivalent to
2261 * max(n) * sizeof(t) > MEM_SIZE_MAX
e6bdf523
DM
2262 */
2263
2264# define _MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) \
445198b9
LM
2265 ( sizeof(MEM_SIZE) < sizeof(n) \
2266 || sizeof(t) > ((MEM_SIZE)1 << 8*(sizeof(MEM_SIZE) - sizeof(n))))
e6bdf523 2267
88f9f128 2268/* This is written in a slightly odd way to avoid various spurious
d98e5cde
DM
2269 * compiler warnings. We *want* to write the expression as
2270 * _MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) && (n > C)
2271 * (for some compile-time constant C), but even when the LHS
2272 * constant-folds to false at compile-time, g++ insists on emitting
2273 * warnings about the RHS (e.g. "comparison is always false"), so instead
2274 * we write it as
e6bdf523 2275 *
d98e5cde 2276 * (cond ? n : X) > C
88f9f128 2277 *
d98e5cde
DM
2278 * where X is a constant with X > C always false. Choosing a value for X
2279 * is tricky. If 0, some compilers will complain about 0 > C always being
2280 * false; if 1, Coverity complains when n happens to be the constant value
2281 * '1', that cond ? 1 : 1 has the same value on both branches; so use C
2282 * for X and hope that nothing else whines.
e6bdf523
DM
2283 */
2284
2285# define _MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t) \
88f9f128
DM
2286 ((_MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) ? (MEM_SIZE)(n) : \
2287 MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t)) > MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t))
e6bdf523
DM
2288
2289# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t) \
2290 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
2291 && (croak_memory_wrap(),0))
2292
2293# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a) \
2294 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
2295 && (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",(a)),0))
2296
814eedc8
DD
2297/* "a" arg must be a string literal */
2298# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_s(n,t,a) \
2299 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
2300 && (Perl_croak_nocontext("" a ""),0))
2301
8b44ba4c 2302#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t),
27d5b266 2303
a500027b 2304#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) ((void)(((n) > MEM_SIZE_MAX - 2 * PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM) ? (croak_memory_wrap(),0) : 0), _PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_UNCHECKED(n))
27d5b266
JH
2305#else
2306
410319be
NC
2307#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t)
2308#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a)
814eedc8 2309#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_s(n,t,a)
8b44ba4c
NC
2310#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t)
2311
a500027b 2312#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) _PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_UNCHECKED(n)
27d5b266 2313
1936d2a7 2314#endif
8b44ba4c 2315
fe4f188c 2316#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
46c6c7e2 2317/*
9f653bb5 2318 * If PERL_MEM_LOG is defined, all Newx()s, Renew()s, and Safefree()s
46c6c7e2
JH
2319 * go through functions, which are handy for debugging breakpoints, but
2320 * which more importantly get the immediate calling environment (file and
e352bcff
JH
2321 * line number, and C function name if available) passed in. This info can
2322 * then be used for logging the calls, for which one gets a sample
73d1d973 2323 * implementation unless -DPERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL is also defined.
3609ea0d 2324 *
46c6c7e2 2325 * Known problems:
94e892a6 2326 * - not all memory allocs get logged, only those
46c6c7e2 2327 * that go through Newx() and derivatives (while all
94e892a6 2328 * Safefrees do get logged)
46c6c7e2
JH
2329 * - __FILE__ and __LINE__ do not work everywhere
2330 * - __func__ or __FUNCTION__ even less so
2331 * - I think more goes on after the perlio frees but
2332 * the thing is that STDERR gets closed (as do all
2333 * the file descriptors)
2334 * - no deeper calling stack than the caller of the Newx()
2335 * or the kind, but do I look like a C reflection/introspection
2336 * utility to you?
2337 * - the function prototypes for the logging functions
2338 * probably should maybe be somewhere else than handy.h
2339 * - one could consider inlining (macrofying) the logging
2340 * for speed, but I am too lazy
2341 * - one could imagine recording the allocations in a hash,
2342 * (keyed by the allocation address?), and maintain that
2343 * through reallocs and frees, but how to do that without
2344 * any News() happening...?
73d1d973 2345 * - lots of -Ddefines to get useful/controllable output
b953482e 2346 * - lots of ENV reads
46c6c7e2
JH
2347 */
2348
0b0ab801 2349# ifdef PERL_CORE
73d1d973 2350# ifndef PERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL
0b0ab801
MHM
2351enum mem_log_type {
2352 MLT_ALLOC,
2353 MLT_REALLOC,
d7a2c63c
MHM
2354 MLT_FREE,
2355 MLT_NEW_SV,
2356 MLT_DEL_SV
0b0ab801
MHM
2357};
2358# endif
12754f92 2359# if defined(PERL_IN_SV_C) /* those are only used in sv.c */
d7a2c63c
MHM
2360void Perl_mem_log_new_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
2361void Perl_mem_log_del_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
12754f92 2362# endif
0b0ab801
MHM
2363# endif
2364
fe4f188c
JH
2365#endif
2366
2367#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
d1401ee9
MHM
2368#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) Perl_mem_log_alloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
2369#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) Perl_mem_log_realloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),v,a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
46c6c7e2 2370#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) Perl_mem_log_free(a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
fe4f188c
JH
2371#endif
2372
2373#ifndef MEM_LOG_ALLOC
2374#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) (a)
2375#endif
2376#ifndef MEM_LOG_REALLOC
2377#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) (a)
2378#endif
2379#ifndef MEM_LOG_FREE
2380#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) (a)
2381#endif
2382
d1401ee9
MHM
2383#define Newx(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
2384#define Newxc(v,n,t,c) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
2385#define Newxz(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safecalloc((n),sizeof(t)))))
a6f6820f
NC
2386
2387#ifndef PERL_CORE
a02a5408
JC
2388/* pre 5.9.x compatibility */
2389#define New(x,v,n,t) Newx(v,n,t)
2390#define Newc(x,v,n,t,c) Newxc(v,n,t,c)
4541904d 2391#define Newz(x,v,n,t) Newxz(v,n,t)
a6f6820f 2392#endif
a02a5408 2393
ff68c719 2394#define Renew(v,n,t) \
d1401ee9 2395 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
ff68c719 2396#define Renewc(v,n,t,c) \
d1401ee9 2397 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
94010e71
NC
2398
2399#ifdef PERL_POISON
2400#define Safefree(d) \
06c0cc96 2401 ((d) ? (void)(safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d))), Poison(&(d), 1, Malloc_t)) : (void) 0)
94010e71 2402#else
fe4f188c 2403#define Safefree(d) safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d)))
94010e71 2404#endif
55497cff 2405
dbb57106
YO
2406/* assert that a valid ptr has been supplied - use this instead of assert(ptr) *
2407 * as it handles cases like constant string arguments without throwing warnings *
2408 * the cast is required, as is the inequality check, to avoid warnings */
45908e4d 2409#define perl_assert_ptr(p) assert( ((void*)(p)) != 0 )
55497cff 2410
45908e4d
YO
2411
2412#define Move(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) perl_assert_ptr(d), perl_assert_ptr(s), (void)memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2413#define Copy(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) perl_assert_ptr(d), perl_assert_ptr(s), (void)memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2414#define Zero(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) perl_assert_ptr(d), (void)memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2415
bdd1531d 2416/* Like above, but returns a pointer to 'd' */
45908e4d
YO
2417#define MoveD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) perl_assert_ptr(d), perl_assert_ptr(s), memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2418#define CopyD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) perl_assert_ptr(d), perl_assert_ptr(s), memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
45908e4d 2419#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) perl_assert_ptr(d), memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 2420
7e337ee0
JH
2421#define PoisonWith(d,n,t,b) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memset((char*)(d), (U8)(b), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2422#define PoisonNew(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xAB)
2423#define PoisonFree(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xEF)
2424#define Poison(d,n,t) PoisonFree(d,n,t)
27d5b266 2425
caa674f3
DD
2426#ifdef PERL_POISON
2427# define PERL_POISON_EXPR(x) x
2428#else
2429# define PERL_POISON_EXPR(x)
2430#endif
2431
ff68c719 2432#define StructCopy(s,d,t) (*((t*)(d)) = *((t*)(s)))
2cc61e15 2433
c3caa5c3
JH
2434/* C_ARRAY_LENGTH is the number of elements in the C array (so you
2435 * want your zero-based indices to be less than but not equal to).
2436 *
2437 * C_ARRAY_END is one past the last: half-open/half-closed range,
2438 * not last-inclusive range. */
622913ab 2439#define C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof((a)[0]))
c3caa5c3 2440#define C_ARRAY_END(a) ((a) + C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a))
622913ab 2441
2cc61e15
DD
2442#ifdef NEED_VA_COPY
2443# ifdef va_copy
2444# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) va_copy(d, s)
07798b17
AC
2445# elif defined(__va_copy)
2446# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) __va_copy(d, s)
2cc61e15 2447# else
07798b17 2448# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) Copy(s, d, 1, va_list)
2cc61e15
DD
2449# endif
2450#endif
2451
472d47bc
SB
2452/* convenience debug macros */
2453#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
2454#define pTHX_FORMAT "Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
2455#define pTHX__FORMAT ", Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
f54cb97a
AL
2456#define pTHX_VALUE_ (void *)my_perl,
2457#define pTHX_VALUE (void *)my_perl
2458#define pTHX__VALUE_ ,(void *)my_perl,
2459#define pTHX__VALUE ,(void *)my_perl
472d47bc 2460#else
3609ea0d 2461#define pTHX_FORMAT
472d47bc 2462#define pTHX__FORMAT
3609ea0d 2463#define pTHX_VALUE_
472d47bc 2464#define pTHX_VALUE
3609ea0d 2465#define pTHX__VALUE_
472d47bc
SB
2466#define pTHX__VALUE
2467#endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
3609ea0d 2468
2acdbac1
NC
2469/* Perl_deprecate was not part of the public API, and did not have a deprecate()
2470 shortcut macro defined without -DPERL_CORE. Neither codesearch.google.com nor
2471 CPAN::Unpack show any users outside the core. */
2472#ifdef PERL_CORE
dc6e8de0
A
2473# define deprecate(s) Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), \
2474 "Use of " s " is deprecated")
c9680906
A
2475# define deprecate_disappears_in(when,message) \
2476 Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), \
2477 message ", and will disappear in Perl " when)
ac641426
A
2478# define deprecate_fatal_in(when,message) \
2479 Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), \
2480 message ". Its use will be fatal in Perl " when)
2acdbac1
NC
2481#endif
2482
dfff4baf
BF
2483/* Internal macros to deal with gids and uids */
2484#ifdef PERL_CORE
2485
2486# if Uid_t_size > IVSIZE
2487# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setnv((sv), (NV)(uid))
2488# define SvUID(sv) SvNV(sv)
07798b17
AC
2489# elif Uid_t_sign <= 0
2490# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setiv((sv), (IV)(uid))
2491# define SvUID(sv) SvIV(sv)
dfff4baf 2492# else
07798b17
AC
2493# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setuv((sv), (UV)(uid))
2494# define SvUID(sv) SvUV(sv)
dfff4baf
BF
2495# endif /* Uid_t_size */
2496
2497# if Gid_t_size > IVSIZE
2498# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setnv((sv), (NV)(gid))
2499# define SvGID(sv) SvNV(sv)
07798b17
AC
2500# elif Gid_t_sign <= 0
2501# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setiv((sv), (IV)(gid))
2502# define SvGID(sv) SvIV(sv)
dfff4baf 2503# else
07798b17
AC
2504# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setuv((sv), (UV)(gid))
2505# define SvGID(sv) SvUV(sv)
dfff4baf
BF
2506# endif /* Gid_t_size */
2507
2508#endif
2509
6a5bc5ac 2510#endif /* PERL_HANDY_H_ */
9d745869 2511
e9a8c099 2512/*
14d04a33 2513 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 et:
e9a8c099 2514 */