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a0d0e21e 1/* perl.h
a687059c 2 *
1129b882 3 * Copyright (C) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
5cd3f21a 4 * 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
352d5a3a
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6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
8d063cd8 9 */
d6376244 10
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11#ifndef H_PERL
12#define H_PERL 1
8d063cd8 13
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14#ifdef PERL_FOR_X2P
15/*
d460ef45 16 * This file is being used for x2p stuff.
760ac839 17 * Above symbol is defined via -D in 'x2p/Makefile.SH'
d460ef45 18 * Decouple x2p stuff from some of perls more extreme eccentricities.
760ac839 19 */
55497cff 20#undef MULTIPLICITY
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21#undef USE_STDIO
22#define USE_STDIO
23#endif /* PERL_FOR_X2P */
24
d460ef45 25#ifdef PERL_MICRO
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26# include "uconfig.h"
27#else
611cf957 28# include "config.h"
12ae5dfc 29#endif
0cb96387 30
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31/* See L<perlguts/"The Perl API"> for detailed notes on
32 * PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS */
33
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34/* Note that from here --> to <-- the same logic is
35 * repeated in makedef.pl, so be certain to update
36 * both places when editing. */
37
6f4183fe 38#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
acfe0abc 39# if !defined(MULTIPLICITY)
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40# define MULTIPLICITY
41# endif
42#endif
43
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44#ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT_PRIVATE
45# ifndef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
46# define PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
47# endif
48#endif
97aff369 49
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50#ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
51# ifndef MULTIPLICITY
52# define MULTIPLICITY
53# endif
54#endif
55
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56#ifdef MULTIPLICITY
57# ifndef PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
58# define PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
59# endif
60#endif
61
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62/* undef WIN32 when building on Cygwin (for libwin32) - gph */
63#ifdef __CYGWIN__
64# undef WIN32
65# undef _WIN32
66#endif
67
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68#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) || (defined(__VC32__) && defined(WINS))
69# ifndef SYMBIAN
70# define SYMBIAN
71# endif
72#endif
73
a0fd4948 74#ifdef __SYMBIAN32__
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75# include "symbian/symbian_proto.h"
76#endif
77
78/* Any stack-challenged places. The limit varies (and often
79 * is configurable), but using more than a kilobyte of stack
80 * is usually dubious in these systems. */
739a0b84
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81#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__)
82/* Symbian: need to work around the SDK features. *
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83 * On WINS: MS VC5 generates calls to _chkstk, *
84 * if a "large" stack frame is allocated. *
85 * gcc on MARM does not generate calls like these. */
86# define USE_HEAP_INSTEAD_OF_STACK
87#endif
88
dd134d2c 89/* Use the reentrant APIs like localtime_r and getpwent_r */
10bc17b6 90/* Win32 has naturally threadsafe libraries, no need to use any _r variants. */
6239f2da 91#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && !defined(USE_REENTRANT_API) && !defined(NETWARE) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(PERL_DARWIN)
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92# define USE_REENTRANT_API
93#endif
94
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95/* <--- here ends the logic shared by perl.h and makedef.pl */
96
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97/* Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0 needs special treatment in numerous places */
98#if defined(WIN32) && defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER >= 1200 && _MSC_VER < 1300
99# define USING_MSVC6
100#endif
101
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102#undef START_EXTERN_C
103#undef END_EXTERN_C
104#undef EXTERN_C
105#ifdef __cplusplus
106# define START_EXTERN_C extern "C" {
107# define END_EXTERN_C }
108# define EXTERN_C extern "C"
109#else
110# define START_EXTERN_C
111# define END_EXTERN_C
112# define EXTERN_C extern
113#endif
114
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115/* Fallback definitions in case we don't have definitions from config.h.
116 This should only matter for systems that don't use Configure and
117 haven't been modified to define PERL_STATIC_INLINE yet.
118*/
119#if !defined(PERL_STATIC_INLINE)
120# ifdef HAS_STATIC_INLINE
121# define PERL_STATIC_INLINE static inline
122# else
123# define PERL_STATIC_INLINE static
124# endif
125#endif
126
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127#ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
128# ifndef PERL_GET_VARS
129# ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT_PRIVATE
cf5a8da6 130 EXTERN_C struct perl_vars* Perl_GetVarsPrivate();
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131# define PERL_GET_VARS() Perl_GetVarsPrivate() /* see miniperlmain.c */
132# ifndef PERLIO_FUNCS_CONST
133# define PERLIO_FUNCS_CONST /* Can't have these lying around. */
134# endif
135# else
136# define PERL_GET_VARS() PL_VarsPtr
137# endif
138# endif
139#endif
140
5aaab254 141#define pVAR struct perl_vars* my_vars PERL_UNUSED_DECL
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142
143#ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
144# define dVAR pVAR = (struct perl_vars*)PERL_GET_VARS()
145#else
146# define dVAR dNOOP
147#endif
148
c5be433b 149#ifdef PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
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150# ifndef MULTIPLICITY
151# define MULTIPLICITY
c5be433b 152# endif
e8dda941 153# define tTHX PerlInterpreter*
5aaab254 154# define pTHX tTHX my_perl PERL_UNUSED_DECL
3db8f154 155# define aTHX my_perl
9399a70c 156# define aTHXa(a) aTHX = (tTHX)a
27da23d5 157# ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
e8dda941 158# define dTHXa(a) dVAR; pTHX = (tTHX)a
27da23d5 159# else
e8dda941 160# define dTHXa(a) pTHX = (tTHX)a
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161# endif
162# ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT
163# define dTHX dVAR; pTHX = PERL_GET_THX
164# else
165# define dTHX pTHX = PERL_GET_THX
166# endif
c5be433b 167# define pTHX_ pTHX,
c5be433b 168# define aTHX_ aTHX,
4373e329 169# define pTHX_1 2
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170# define pTHX_2 3
171# define pTHX_3 4
172# define pTHX_4 5
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173# define pTHX_5 6
174# define pTHX_6 7
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175# define pTHX_7 8
176# define pTHX_8 9
177# define pTHX_9 10
a6fc70e5 178# define pTHX_12 13
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179# if defined(DEBUGGING) && !defined(PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL)
180# define PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
181# endif
182#else
183# undef PERL_TRACK_MEMPOOL
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184#endif
185
76e3520e 186#define STATIC static
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187
188#ifndef PERL_CORE
189/* Do not use these macros. They were part of PERL_OBJECT, which was an
190 * implementation of multiplicity using C++ objects. They have been left
191 * here solely for the sake of XS code which has incorrectly
192 * cargo-culted them.
193 */
76e3520e 194#define CPERLscope(x) x
565764a8 195#define CPERLarg void
76e3520e 196#define CPERLarg_
e3b8966e 197#define _CPERLarg
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198#define PERL_OBJECT_THIS
199#define _PERL_OBJECT_THIS
200#define PERL_OBJECT_THIS_
312caa8e 201#define CALL_FPTR(fptr) (*fptr)
ef69c8fc 202#define MEMBER_TO_FPTR(name) name
16c91539 203#endif /* !PERL_CORE */
76e3520e 204
16c91539 205#define CALLRUNOPS PL_runops
f9f4320a 206
3ab4a224 207#define CALLREGCOMP(sv, flags) Perl_pregcomp(aTHX_ (sv),(flags))
f9f4320a 208
16c91539 209#define CALLREGCOMP_ENG(prog, sv, flags) (prog)->comp(aTHX_ sv, flags)
a340edde 210#define CALLREGEXEC(prog,stringarg,strend,strbeg,minend,sv,data,flags) \
16c91539 211 RX_ENGINE(prog)->exec(aTHX_ (prog),(stringarg),(strend), \
a340edde 212 (strbeg),(minend),(sv),(data),(flags))
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213#define CALLREG_INTUIT_START(prog,sv,strbeg,strpos,strend,flags,data) \
214 RX_ENGINE(prog)->intuit(aTHX_ (prog), (sv), (strbeg), (strpos), \
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215 (strend),(flags),(data))
216#define CALLREG_INTUIT_STRING(prog) \
16c91539 217 RX_ENGINE(prog)->checkstr(aTHX_ (prog))
f8149455 218
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219#define CALLREGFREE(prog) \
220 Perl_pregfree(aTHX_ (prog))
221
222#define CALLREGFREE_PVT(prog) \
16c91539 223 if(prog) RX_ENGINE(prog)->free(aTHX_ (prog))
f8149455 224
2fdbfb4d 225#define CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,paren,usesv) \
16c91539 226 RX_ENGINE(rx)->numbered_buff_FETCH(aTHX_ (rx),(paren),(usesv))
93b32b6d 227
2fdbfb4d 228#define CALLREG_NUMBUF_STORE(rx,paren,value) \
16c91539 229 RX_ENGINE(rx)->numbered_buff_STORE(aTHX_ (rx),(paren),(value))
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230
231#define CALLREG_NUMBUF_LENGTH(rx,sv,paren) \
16c91539 232 RX_ENGINE(rx)->numbered_buff_LENGTH(aTHX_ (rx),(sv),(paren))
2fdbfb4d 233
192b9cd1 234#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_FETCH(rx, key, flags) \
16c91539 235 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), (key), NULL, ((flags) | RXapif_FETCH))
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236
237#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_STORE(rx, key, value, flags) \
16c91539 238 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), (key), (value), ((flags) | RXapif_STORE))
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239
240#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_DELETE(rx, key, flags) \
16c91539 241 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx),(key), NULL, ((flags) | RXapif_DELETE))
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242
243#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_CLEAR(rx, flags) \
16c91539 244 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), NULL, NULL, ((flags) | RXapif_CLEAR))
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245
246#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_EXISTS(rx, key, flags) \
16c91539 247 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), (key), NULL, ((flags) | RXapif_EXISTS))
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248
249#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_FIRSTKEY(rx, flags) \
16c91539 250 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff_iter(aTHX_ (rx), NULL, ((flags) | RXapif_FIRSTKEY))
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251
252#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_NEXTKEY(rx, lastkey, flags) \
16c91539 253 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff_iter(aTHX_ (rx), (lastkey), ((flags) | RXapif_NEXTKEY))
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254
255#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_SCALAR(rx, flags) \
16c91539 256 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), NULL, NULL, ((flags) | RXapif_SCALAR))
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257
258#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_COUNT(rx) \
16c91539 259 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), NULL, NULL, RXapif_REGNAMES_COUNT)
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260
261#define CALLREG_NAMED_BUFF_ALL(rx, flags) \
16c91539 262 RX_ENGINE(rx)->named_buff(aTHX_ (rx), NULL, NULL, flags)
93b32b6d 263
49d7dfbc 264#define CALLREG_PACKAGE(rx) \
16c91539 265 RX_ENGINE(rx)->qr_package(aTHX_ (rx))
93b32b6d 266
00f254e2 267#if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
f9f4320a 268#define CALLREGDUPE(prog,param) \
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269 Perl_re_dup(aTHX_ (prog),(param))
270
271#define CALLREGDUPE_PVT(prog,param) \
16c91539 272 (prog ? RX_ENGINE(prog)->dupe(aTHX_ (prog),(param)) \
00f254e2 273 : (REGEXP *)NULL)
f9f4320a 274#endif
14dd3ad8 275
a20207d7 276
bcdf7404 277
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278
279
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280/*
281 * Because of backward compatibility reasons the PERL_UNUSED_DECL
282 * cannot be changed from postfix to PERL_UNUSED_DECL(x). Sigh.
283 *
284 * Note that there are C compilers such as MetroWerks CodeWarrior
1266ad8c 285 * which do not have an "inlined" way (like the gcc __attribute__) of
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286 * marking unused variables (they need e.g. a #pragma) and therefore
287 * cpp macros like PERL_UNUSED_DECL cannot work for this purpose, even
288 * if it were PERL_UNUSED_DECL(x), which it cannot be (see above).
289 *
290 */
1266ad8c 291
9969cdde 292#if defined(__SYMBIAN32__) && defined(__GNUC__)
5b2bd0a5 293# ifdef __cplusplus
5ba4cab2 294# define PERL_UNUSED_DECL
5b2bd0a5 295# else
5ba4cab2 296# define PERL_UNUSED_DECL __attribute__((unused))
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297# endif
298#endif
44dbb695 299
5b2bd0a5 300#ifndef PERL_UNUSED_DECL
34659ad4 301# if defined(HASATTRIBUTE_UNUSED) && !defined(__cplusplus)
5ba4cab2 302# define PERL_UNUSED_DECL __attribute__unused__
b79c357a 303# else
5ba4cab2 304# define PERL_UNUSED_DECL
b79c357a 305# endif
5b2bd0a5 306#endif
00f254e2 307
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308/* gcc -Wall:
309 * for silencing unused variables that are actually used most of the time,
a0288114 310 * but we cannot quite get rid of, such as "ax" in PPCODE+noargs xsubs
349b520e 311 */
53c1dcc0 312#ifndef PERL_UNUSED_ARG
c99ffe5e 313# if defined(lint) && defined(S_SPLINT_S) /* www.splint.org */
ad73156c 314# include <note.h>
53c1dcc0 315# define PERL_UNUSED_ARG(x) NOTE(ARGUNUSED(x))
ad73156c 316# else
53c1dcc0 317# define PERL_UNUSED_ARG(x) ((void)x)
ad73156c
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318# endif
319#endif
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320#ifndef PERL_UNUSED_VAR
321# define PERL_UNUSED_VAR(x) ((void)x)
322#endif
ad73156c 323
23491f1d 324#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) || defined(PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT)
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325# define PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT PERL_UNUSED_ARG(my_perl)
326#else
327# define PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT
328#endif
329
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330/* gcc (-ansi) -pedantic doesn't allow gcc statement expressions,
331 * g++ allows them but seems to have problems with them
332 * (insane errors ensue).
333 * g++ does not give insane errors now (RMB 2008-01-30, gcc 4.2.2).
334 */
335#if defined(PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC) || \
336 (defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__cplusplus) && \
337 ((__GNUC__ < 4) || ((__GNUC__ == 4) && (__GNUC_MINOR__ < 2))))
338# ifndef PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN
339# define PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN
340# endif
341#endif
342
ffea512f 343/* Use PERL_UNUSED_RESULT() to suppress the warnings about unused results
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344 * of function calls, e.g. PERL_UNUSED_RESULT(foo(a, b)).
345 *
346 * The main reason for this is that the combination of gcc -Wunused-result
347 * (part of -Wall) and the __attribute__((warn_unused_result)) cannot
348 * be silenced with casting to void. This causes trouble when the system
349 * header files use the attribute.
350 *
351 * Use PERL_UNUSED_RESULT sparingly, though, since usually the warning
352 * is there for a good reason: you might lose success/failure information,
353 * or leak resources, or changes in resources.
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354 *
355 * But sometimes you just want to ignore the return value, e.g. on
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356 * codepaths soon ending up in abort, or in "best effort" attempts,
357 * or in situations where there is no good way to handle failures.
ffea512f 358 *
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359 * Sometimes PERL_UNUSED_RESULT might not be the most natural way:
360 * another possibility is that you can capture the return value
361 * and use PERL_UNUSED_VAR on that.
ffea512f 362 *
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363 * The __typeof__() is used instead of typeof() since typeof() is not
364 * available under strict C89, and because of compilers masquerading
365 * as gcc (clang and icc), we want exactly the gcc extension
366 * __typeof__ and nothing else.
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367 */
368#ifndef PERL_UNUSED_RESULT
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369# if defined(__GNUC__) && defined(HASATTRIBUTE_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT)
370# define PERL_UNUSED_RESULT(v) STMT_START { __typeof__(v) z = (v); (void)sizeof(z); } STMT_END
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371# else
372# define PERL_UNUSED_RESULT(v) ((void)(v))
373# endif
374#endif
375
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376/* on gcc (and clang), specify that a warning should be temporarily
377 * ignored; e.g.
378 *
379 * GCC_DIAG_IGNORE(-Wmultichar);
380 * char b = 'ab';
381 * GCC_DIAG_RESTORE;
382 *
383 * based on http://dbp-consulting.com/tutorials/SuppressingGCCWarnings.html
384 *
385 * Note that "pragma GCC diagnostic push/pop" was added in GCC 4.6, Mar 2011;
386 * clang only pretends to be GCC 4.2, but still supports push/pop.
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387 *
388 * Note on usage: on non-gcc (or lookalike, like clang) compilers
389 * one cannot use these at file (global) level without warnings
390 * since they are defined as empty, which leads into the terminating
391 * semicolon being left alone on a line:
392 * ;
393 * which makes compilers mildly cranky. Therefore at file level one
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394 * should use the GCC_DIAG_IGNORE and GCC_DIAG_RESTORE_FILE *without*
395 * the semicolons.
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396 *
397 * (A dead-on-arrival solution would be to try to define the macros as
398 * NOOP or dNOOP, those don't work both inside functions and outside.)
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399 */
400
57d4b8c5 401#if defined(__clang__) || defined(__clang) || \
d28ce8b4 402 (defined( __GNUC__) && ((__GNUC__ * 100) + __GNUC_MINOR__) >= 406)
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403# define GCC_DIAG_PRAGMA(x) _Pragma (#x)
404/* clang has "clang diagnostic" pragmas, but also understands gcc. */
b56aac20 405# define GCC_DIAG_IGNORE(x) _Pragma("GCC diagnostic push") \
c1d6452f 406 GCC_DIAG_PRAGMA(GCC diagnostic ignored #x)
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407# define GCC_DIAG_RESTORE _Pragma("GCC diagnostic pop")
408#else
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409# define GCC_DIAG_IGNORE(w)
410# define GCC_DIAG_RESTORE
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411#endif
412
6f207bd3 413#define NOOP /*EMPTY*/(void)0
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414/* cea2e8a9dd23747f accidentally lost the comment originally from the first
415 check in of thread.h, explaining why we need dNOOP at all: */
416/* Rats: if dTHR is just blank then the subsequent ";" throws an error */
417/* Declaring a *function*, instead of a variable, ensures that we don't rely
418 on being able to suppress "unused" warnings. */
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419#ifdef __cplusplus
420#define dNOOP (void)0
421#else
64a8239e 422#define dNOOP extern int Perl___notused(void)
7db66e12 423#endif
71be2cbc 424
0cb96387 425#ifndef pTHX
a78adc84 426/* Don't bother defining tTHX ; using it outside
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427 * code guarded by PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT is an error.
428 */
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429# define pTHX void
430# define pTHX_
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431# define aTHX
432# define aTHX_
9399a70c 433# define aTHXa(a) NOOP
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434# define dTHXa(a) dNOOP
435# define dTHX dNOOP
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436# define pTHX_1 1
437# define pTHX_2 2
438# define pTHX_3 3
439# define pTHX_4 4
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440# define pTHX_5 5
441# define pTHX_6 6
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442# define pTHX_7 7
443# define pTHX_8 8
444# define pTHX_9 9
a6fc70e5 445# define pTHX_12 12
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446#endif
447
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448#ifndef dVAR
449# define dVAR dNOOP
450#endif
451
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452/* these are only defined for compatibility; should not be used internally */
453#if !defined(pTHXo) && !defined(PERL_CORE)
0cb96387
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454# define pTHXo pTHX
455# define pTHXo_ pTHX_
0cb96387
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456# define aTHXo aTHX
457# define aTHXo_ aTHX_
c5be433b 458# define dTHXo dTHX
71d280e3 459# define dTHXoa(x) dTHXa(x)
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460#endif
461
462#ifndef pTHXx
5aaab254 463# define pTHXx PerlInterpreter *my_perl
0cb96387 464# define pTHXx_ pTHXx,
0cb96387
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465# define aTHXx my_perl
466# define aTHXx_ aTHXx,
c5be433b 467# define dTHXx dTHX
22c35a8c 468#endif
71be2cbc 469
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470/* Under PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS (used in Windows for fork emulation)
471 * PerlIO_foo() expands to PL_StdIO->pFOO(PL_StdIO, ...).
472 * dTHXs is therefore needed for all functions using PerlIO_foo(). */
473#ifdef PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS
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474# ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT_PRIVATE
475# define dTHXs dVAR; dTHX
476# else
477# define dTHXs dTHX
478# endif
1de7c2ac 479#else
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480# ifdef PERL_GLOBAL_STRUCT_PRIVATE
481# define dTHXs dVAR
482# else
483# define dTHXs dNOOP
484# endif
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485#endif
486
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487/* Some platforms require marking function declarations
488 * for them to be exportable. Used in perlio.h, proto.h
489 * is handled either by the makedef.pl or by defining the
490 * PERL_CALLCONV to be something special. See also the
491 * definition of XS() in XSUB.h. */
492#ifndef PERL_EXPORT_C
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493# ifdef __cplusplus
494# define PERL_EXPORT_C extern "C"
495# else
496# define PERL_EXPORT_C extern
497# endif
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498#endif
499#ifndef PERL_XS_EXPORT_C
a0c21aa1
JH
500# ifdef __cplusplus
501# define PERL_XS_EXPORT_C extern "C"
502# else
503# define PERL_XS_EXPORT_C
504# endif
27da23d5
JH
505#endif
506
5b692037
JH
507#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN) && !defined(__cplusplus)
508# ifndef PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS
509# define PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS
510# endif
511#endif
512
728e2803
PP
513/*
514 * STMT_START { statements; } STMT_END;
515 * can be used as a single statement, as in
516 * if (x) STMT_START { ... } STMT_END; else ...
517 *
518 * Trying to select a version that gives no warnings...
519 */
520#if !(defined(STMT_START) && defined(STMT_END))
5b692037 521# ifdef PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS
a0288114 522# define STMT_START (void)( /* gcc supports "({ STATEMENTS; })" */
728e2803
PP
523# define STMT_END )
524# else
728e2803
PP
525# define STMT_START do
526# define STMT_END while (0)
728e2803
PP
527# endif
528#endif
529
d6f9c181
JH
530#ifndef BYTEORDER /* Should never happen -- byteorder is in config.h */
531# define BYTEORDER 0x1234
79072805
LW
532#endif
533
534/* Overall memory policy? */
535#ifndef CONSERVATIVE
536# define LIBERAL 1
537#endif
538
8ada0baa
JH
539#if 'A' == 65 && 'I' == 73 && 'J' == 74 && 'Z' == 90
540#define ASCIIish
541#else
542#undef ASCIIish
543#endif
544
79072805
LW
545/*
546 * The following contortions are brought to you on behalf of all the
547 * standards, semi-standards, de facto standards, not-so-de-facto standards
548 * of the world, as well as all the other botches anyone ever thought of.
549 * The basic theory is that if we work hard enough here, the rest of the
550 * code can be a lot prettier. Well, so much for theory. Sorry, Henry...
551 */
ac58e20f 552
ee0007ab 553/* define this once if either system, instead of cluttering up the src */
7c458fae 554#if defined(MSDOS) || defined(WIN32) || defined(NETWARE)
ee0007ab
LW
555#define DOSISH 1
556#endif
557
739a0b84 558#if defined(__STDC__) || defined(_AIX) || defined(__stdc__) || defined(__cplusplus) || defined(NETWARE) || defined(__SYMBIAN32__)
352d5a3a
LW
559# define STANDARD_C 1
560#endif
561
8d87852b 562#if defined(__cplusplus) || defined(WIN32) || defined(__sgi) || defined(__EMX__) || defined(__QNX__) || defined(NETWARE) || defined(PERL_MICRO)
68dc0745
PP
563# define DONT_DECLARE_STD 1
564#endif
565
352d5a3a 566#if defined(HASVOLATILE) || defined(STANDARD_C)
79072805 567# define VOL volatile
663a0e37 568#else
79072805 569# define VOL
663a0e37
LW
570#endif
571
284167a5
SM
572/* By compiling a perl with -DNO_TAINT_SUPPORT or -DSILENT_NO_TAINT_SUPPORT,
573 * you get a perl without taint support, but doubtlessly with a lesser
574 * degree of support. Do not do so unless you know exactly what it means
575 * technically, have a good reason to do so, and know exactly how the
576 * perl will be used. perls with -DSILENT_NO_TAINT_SUPPORT are considered
577 * a potential security risk due to flat out ignoring the security-relevant
578 * taint flags. This being said, a perl without taint support compiled in
579 * has marginal run-time performance benefits.
580 * SILENT_NO_TAINT_SUPPORT implies NO_TAINT_SUPPORT.
581 * SILENT_NO_TAINT_SUPPORT is the same as NO_TAINT_SUPPORT except it
582 * silently ignores -t/-T instead of throwing an exception.
053a3618
SM
583 *
584 * DANGER! Using NO_TAINT_SUPPORT or SILENT_NO_TAINT_SUPPORT
6ecb40c7 585 * voids your nonexistent warranty!
284167a5 586 */
dc6d7f5c 587#if defined(SILENT_NO_TAINT_SUPPORT) && !defined(NO_TAINT_SUPPORT)
284167a5
SM
588# define NO_TAINT_SUPPORT 1
589#endif
590
591/* NO_TAINT_SUPPORT can be set to transform virtually all taint-related
592 * operations into no-ops for a very modest speed-up. Enable only if you
593 * know what you're doing: tests and CPAN modules' tests are bound to fail.
594 */
dc6d7f5c 595#ifdef NO_TAINT_SUPPORT
284167a5
SM
596# define TAINT NOOP
597# define TAINT_NOT NOOP
598# define TAINT_IF(c) NOOP
599# define TAINT_ENV() NOOP
600# define TAINT_PROPER(s) NOOP
601# define TAINT_set(s) NOOP
602# define TAINT_get 0
603# define TAINTING_get 0
604# define TAINTING_set(s) NOOP
605# define TAINT_WARN_get 0
606# define TAINT_WARN_set(s) NOOP
607#else
608# define TAINT (PL_tainted = TRUE)
609# define TAINT_NOT (PL_tainted = FALSE)
2439e033
SM
610# define TAINT_IF(c) if (UNLIKELY(c)) { PL_tainted = TRUE; }
611# define TAINT_ENV() if (UNLIKELY(PL_tainting)) { taint_env(); }
612# define TAINT_PROPER(s) if (UNLIKELY(PL_tainting)) { taint_proper(NULL, s); }
284167a5
SM
613# define TAINT_set(s) (PL_tainted = (s))
614# define TAINT_get (PL_tainted)
615# define TAINTING_get (PL_tainting)
616# define TAINTING_set(s) (PL_tainting = (s))
617# define TAINT_WARN_get (PL_taint_warn)
618# define TAINT_WARN_set(s) (PL_taint_warn = (s))
619#endif
a687059c 620
20be6587
DM
621/* flags used internally only within pp_subst and pp_substcont */
622#ifdef PERL_CORE
623# define SUBST_TAINT_STR 1 /* string tainted */
624# define SUBST_TAINT_PAT 2 /* pattern tainted */
625# define SUBST_TAINT_REPL 4 /* replacement tainted */
626# define SUBST_TAINT_RETAINT 8 /* use re'taint' in scope */
627# define SUBST_TAINT_BOOLRET 16 /* return is boolean (don't taint) */
628#endif
629
d460ef45 630/* XXX All process group stuff is handled in pp_sys.c. Should these
a6e633de
PP
631 defines move there? If so, I could simplify this a lot. --AD 9/96.
632*/
633/* Process group stuff changed from traditional BSD to POSIX.
634 perlfunc.pod documents the traditional BSD-style syntax, so we'll
635 try to preserve that, if possible.
636*/
637#ifdef HAS_SETPGID
638# define BSD_SETPGRP(pid, pgrp) setpgid((pid), (pgrp))
c07a80fd 639#else
a6e633de
PP
640# if defined(HAS_SETPGRP) && defined(USE_BSD_SETPGRP)
641# define BSD_SETPGRP(pid, pgrp) setpgrp((pid), (pgrp))
642# else
643# ifdef HAS_SETPGRP2 /* DG/UX */
644# define BSD_SETPGRP(pid, pgrp) setpgrp2((pid), (pgrp))
645# endif
646# endif
647#endif
648#if defined(BSD_SETPGRP) && !defined(HAS_SETPGRP)
649# define HAS_SETPGRP /* Well, effectively it does . . . */
650#endif
651
652/* getpgid isn't POSIX, but at least Solaris and Linux have it, and it makes
653 our life easier :-) so we'll try it.
654*/
655#ifdef HAS_GETPGID
656# define BSD_GETPGRP(pid) getpgid((pid))
657#else
658# if defined(HAS_GETPGRP) && defined(USE_BSD_GETPGRP)
659# define BSD_GETPGRP(pid) getpgrp((pid))
660# else
661# ifdef HAS_GETPGRP2 /* DG/UX */
662# define BSD_GETPGRP(pid) getpgrp2((pid))
663# endif
664# endif
665#endif
666#if defined(BSD_GETPGRP) && !defined(HAS_GETPGRP)
667# define HAS_GETPGRP /* Well, effectively it does . . . */
668#endif
669
d460ef45 670/* These are not exact synonyms, since setpgrp() and getpgrp() may
a6e633de
PP
671 have different behaviors, but perl.h used to define USE_BSDPGRP
672 (prior to 5.003_05) so some extension might depend on it.
673*/
674#if defined(USE_BSD_SETPGRP) || defined(USE_BSD_GETPGRP)
675# ifndef USE_BSDPGRP
676# define USE_BSDPGRP
677# endif
663a0e37
LW
678#endif
679
486ec47a 680/* HP-UX 10.X CMA (Common Multithreaded Architecture) insists that
8ac5a1fe
MH
681 pthread.h must be included before all other header files.
682*/
3db8f154 683#if defined(USE_ITHREADS) && defined(PTHREAD_H_FIRST) && defined(I_PTHREAD)
8ac5a1fe
MH
684# include <pthread.h>
685#endif
686
58ab9e8b 687#include <sys/types.h>
663a0e37 688
760ac839
LW
689#ifdef __cplusplus
690# ifndef I_STDARG
691# define I_STDARG 1
692# endif
693#endif
694
695#ifdef I_STDARG
696# include <stdarg.h>
697#else
698# ifdef I_VARARGS
699# include <varargs.h>
700# endif
701#endif
702
fe14fcc3 703#include <ctype.h>
a0d0e21e
LW
704
705#ifdef METHOD /* Defined by OSF/1 v3.0 by ctype.h */
706#undef METHOD
a0d0e21e
LW
707#endif
708
12ae5dfc
JH
709#ifdef PERL_MICRO
710# define NO_LOCALE
711#endif
712
4633a7c4 713#ifdef I_LOCALE
36477c24 714# include <locale.h>
4633a7c4
LW
715#endif
716
36477c24
PP
717#if !defined(NO_LOCALE) && defined(HAS_SETLOCALE)
718# define USE_LOCALE
ccd65d51
KW
719# define HAS_SKIP_LOCALE_INIT /* Solely for XS code to test for this
720 capability */
36477c24
PP
721# if !defined(NO_LOCALE_COLLATE) && defined(LC_COLLATE) \
722 && defined(HAS_STRXFRM)
723# define USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
724# endif
725# if !defined(NO_LOCALE_CTYPE) && defined(LC_CTYPE)
726# define USE_LOCALE_CTYPE
727# endif
728# if !defined(NO_LOCALE_NUMERIC) && defined(LC_NUMERIC)
729# define USE_LOCALE_NUMERIC
730# endif
fa9b773e
KW
731# if !defined(NO_LOCALE_MESSAGES) && defined(LC_MESSAGES)
732# define USE_LOCALE_MESSAGES
733# endif
734# if !defined(NO_LOCALE_MONETARY) && defined(LC_MONETARY)
735# define USE_LOCALE_MONETARY
736# endif
56e45410
KW
737# if !defined(NO_LOCALE_TIME) && defined(LC_TIME)
738# define USE_LOCALE_TIME
739# endif
b385bb4d
KW
740# ifndef WIN32 /* No wrapper except on Windows */
741# define my_setlocale(a,b) setlocale(a,b)
742# endif
36477c24 743#endif /* !NO_LOCALE && HAS_SETLOCALE */
a0d0e21e 744
fe14fcc3 745#include <setjmp.h>
79072805 746
a0d0e21e 747#ifdef I_SYS_PARAM
79072805
LW
748# ifdef PARAM_NEEDS_TYPES
749# include <sys/types.h>
750# endif
751# include <sys/param.h>
352d5a3a 752#endif
79072805 753
ce3470dc
AD
754/* On BSD-derived systems, <sys/param.h> defines BSD to a year-month
755 value something like 199306. This may be useful if no more-specific
756 feature test is available.
757*/
758#if defined(BSD)
759# ifndef BSDish
760# define BSDish
761# endif
762#endif
763
79072805 764/* Use all the "standard" definitions? */
a0d0e21e 765#if defined(STANDARD_C) && defined(I_STDLIB)
79072805 766# include <stdlib.h>
ff68c719 767#endif
03a14243 768
3f270f98
JH
769/* If this causes problems, set i_unistd=undef in the hint file. */
770#ifdef I_UNISTD
771# include <unistd.h>
772#endif
773
de8ca8af
NT
774/* for WCOREDUMP */
775#ifdef I_SYS_WAIT
776# include <sys/wait.h>
777#endif
778
9969cdde 779#ifdef __SYMBIAN32__
27da23d5
JH
780# undef _SC_ARG_MAX /* Symbian has _SC_ARG_MAX but no sysconf() */
781#endif
782
21e89b5f 783#if defined(HAS_SYSCALL) && !defined(HAS_SYSCALL_PROTO)
c45598c5 784EXTERN_C int syscall(int, ...);
2ef53570
JH
785#endif
786
21e89b5f 787#if defined(HAS_USLEEP) && !defined(HAS_USLEEP_PROTO)
c45598c5 788EXTERN_C int usleep(unsigned int);
2ef53570
JH
789#endif
790
1109a392
MHM
791#ifdef PERL_CORE
792
793/* macros for correct constant construction */
794# if INTSIZE >= 2
795# define U16_CONST(x) ((U16)x##U)
796# else
797# define U16_CONST(x) ((U16)x##UL)
798# endif
799
800# if INTSIZE >= 4
801# define U32_CONST(x) ((U32)x##U)
802# else
803# define U32_CONST(x) ((U32)x##UL)
804# endif
805
806# ifdef HAS_QUAD
807# if INTSIZE >= 8
808# define U64_CONST(x) ((U64)x##U)
809# elif LONGSIZE >= 8
810# define U64_CONST(x) ((U64)x##UL)
811# elif QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG_LONG
812# define U64_CONST(x) ((U64)x##ULL)
52865553
SH
813# elif QUADKIND == QUAD_IS___INT64
814# define U64_CONST(x) ((U64)x##UI64)
1109a392
MHM
815# else /* best guess we can make */
816# define U64_CONST(x) ((U64)x##UL)
817# endif
818# endif
819
820/* byte-swapping functions for big-/little-endian conversion */
821# define _swab_16_(x) ((U16)( \
822 (((U16)(x) & U16_CONST(0x00ff)) << 8) | \
823 (((U16)(x) & U16_CONST(0xff00)) >> 8) ))
824
825# define _swab_32_(x) ((U32)( \
826 (((U32)(x) & U32_CONST(0x000000ff)) << 24) | \
827 (((U32)(x) & U32_CONST(0x0000ff00)) << 8) | \
828 (((U32)(x) & U32_CONST(0x00ff0000)) >> 8) | \
829 (((U32)(x) & U32_CONST(0xff000000)) >> 24) ))
830
831# ifdef HAS_QUAD
832# define _swab_64_(x) ((U64)( \
833 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x00000000000000ff)) << 56) | \
834 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x000000000000ff00)) << 40) | \
835 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x0000000000ff0000)) << 24) | \
836 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x00000000ff000000)) << 8) | \
837 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x000000ff00000000)) >> 8) | \
838 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x0000ff0000000000)) >> 24) | \
839 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0x00ff000000000000)) >> 40) | \
840 (((U64)(x) & U64_CONST(0xff00000000000000)) >> 56) ))
841# endif
842
9c17f24a
NC
843/* The old value was hard coded at 1008. (4096-16) seems to be a bit faster,
844 at least on FreeBSD. YMMV, so experiment. */
845#ifndef PERL_ARENA_SIZE
846#define PERL_ARENA_SIZE 4080
847#endif
848
ccb2c8b8 849/* Maximum level of recursion */
2b9dff67
RGS
850#ifndef PERL_SUB_DEPTH_WARN
851#define PERL_SUB_DEPTH_WARN 100
ccb2c8b8
RGS
852#endif
853
1109a392
MHM
854#endif /* PERL_CORE */
855
bdf3085f
NC
856/* We no longer default to creating a new SV for GvSV.
857 Do this before embed. */
858#ifndef PERL_CREATE_GVSV
7459f06b
NC
859# ifndef PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV
860# define PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV
861# endif
bdf3085f
NC
862#endif
863
ca0c25f6
NC
864#if !defined(HAS_WAITPID) && !defined(HAS_WAIT4) || defined(HAS_WAITPID_RUNTIME)
865#define PERL_USES_PL_PIDSTATUS
866#endif
867
739a0b84 868#if !defined(OS2) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(DJGPP) && !defined(__SYMBIAN32__)
a62746fa
RGS
869#define PERL_DEFAULT_DO_EXEC3_IMPLEMENTATION
870#endif
871
c31fac66
GS
872#define MEM_SIZE Size_t
873
1936d2a7
NC
874/* Round all values passed to malloc up, by default to a multiple of
875 sizeof(size_t)
876*/
877#ifndef PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM
878#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM Size_t_size
879#endif
880
f1200559
WH
881/* sv_grow() will expand strings by at least a certain percentage of
882 the previously *used* length to avoid excessive calls to realloc().
883 The default is 25% of the current length.
884*/
885#ifndef PERL_STRLEN_EXPAND_SHIFT
886# define PERL_STRLEN_EXPAND_SHIFT 2
887#endif
888
3800c318 889#if defined(STANDARD_C) && defined(I_STDDEF) && !defined(PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC)
51371543
GS
890# include <stddef.h>
891# define STRUCT_OFFSET(s,m) offsetof(s,m)
892#else
893# define STRUCT_OFFSET(s,m) (Size_t)(&(((s *)0)->m))
d0b86e2f
BF
894#endif
895
896/* ptrdiff_t is C11, so undef it under pedantic builds */
897#ifdef PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC
898# undef HAS_PTRDIFF_T
51371543
GS
899#endif
900
9969cdde 901#ifndef __SYMBIAN32__
27da23d5
JH
902# if defined(I_STRING) || defined(__cplusplus)
903# include <string.h>
904# else
905# include <strings.h>
906# endif
51371543
GS
907#endif
908
55497cff
PP
909/* This comes after <stdlib.h> so we don't try to change the standard
910 * library prototypes; we'll use our own in proto.h instead. */
03a14243 911
4633a7c4 912#ifdef MYMALLOC
86058a2d 913# ifdef PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC
ee13e175 914# ifndef PERL_EXTMALLOC_DEF
86058a2d
GS
915# define Perl_malloc malloc
916# define Perl_calloc calloc
917# define Perl_realloc realloc
918# define Perl_mfree free
ee13e175 919# endif
86058a2d
GS
920# else
921# define EMBEDMYMALLOC /* for compatibility */
922# endif
827e134a 923
651b9576
GS
924# define safemalloc Perl_malloc
925# define safecalloc Perl_calloc
926# define saferealloc Perl_realloc
927# define safefree Perl_mfree
22f7c9c9
JH
928# define CHECK_MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR_(code) STMT_START { \
929 if (!PL_tainting && MallocCfg_ptr[MallocCfg_cfg_env_read]) \
930 code; \
931 } STMT_END
932# define CHECK_MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR(ch) \
933 CHECK_MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR_(MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR(ch))
934# define panic_write2(s) write(2, s, strlen(s))
935# define CHECK_MALLOC_TAINT(newval) \
936 CHECK_MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR_( \
937 if (newval) { \
acfd4d8e 938 PERL_UNUSED_RESULT(panic_write2("panic: tainting with $ENV{PERL_MALLOC_OPT}\n"));\
22f7c9c9 939 exit(1); })
22f7c9c9 940# define MALLOC_CHECK_TAINT(argc,argv,env) STMT_START { \
b0891165 941 if (doing_taint(argc,argv,env)) { \
22f7c9c9
JH
942 MallocCfg_ptr[MallocCfg_skip_cfg_env] = 1; \
943 }} STMT_END;
f2517201
GS
944#else /* MYMALLOC */
945# define safemalloc safesysmalloc
946# define safecalloc safesyscalloc
947# define saferealloc safesysrealloc
948# define safefree safesysfree
22f7c9c9
JH
949# define CHECK_MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR(ch) ((void)0)
950# define CHECK_MALLOC_TAINT(newval) ((void)0)
951# define MALLOC_CHECK_TAINT(argc,argv,env)
55497cff 952#endif /* MYMALLOC */
4633a7c4 953
fe13d51d 954/* diag_listed_as: "-T" is on the #! line, it must also be used on the command line */
27da23d5 955#define TOO_LATE_FOR_(ch,what) Perl_croak(aTHX_ "\"-%c\" is on the #! line, it must also be used on the command line%s", (char)(ch), what)
22f7c9c9
JH
956#define TOO_LATE_FOR(ch) TOO_LATE_FOR_(ch, "")
957#define MALLOC_TOO_LATE_FOR(ch) TOO_LATE_FOR_(ch, " with $ENV{PERL_MALLOC_OPT}")
958#define MALLOC_CHECK_TAINT2(argc,argv) MALLOC_CHECK_TAINT(argc,argv,NULL)
959
a0d0e21e
LW
960#if !defined(HAS_STRCHR) && defined(HAS_INDEX) && !defined(strchr)
961#define strchr index
962#define strrchr rindex
963#endif
964
16d20bd9
AD
965#ifdef I_MEMORY
966# include <memory.h>
967#endif
968
fe14fcc3 969#ifdef HAS_MEMCPY
85e6fe83 970# if !defined(STANDARD_C) && !defined(I_STRING) && !defined(I_MEMORY)
fe14fcc3 971# ifndef memcpy
20ce7b12 972 extern char * memcpy (char*, char*, int);
ee0007ab
LW
973# endif
974# endif
975#else
976# ifndef memcpy
977# ifdef HAS_BCOPY
978# define memcpy(d,s,l) bcopy(s,d,l)
979# else
980# define memcpy(d,s,l) my_bcopy(s,d,l)
981# endif
982# endif
983#endif /* HAS_MEMCPY */
fe14fcc3 984
ee0007ab 985#ifdef HAS_MEMSET
85e6fe83 986# if !defined(STANDARD_C) && !defined(I_STRING) && !defined(I_MEMORY)
ee0007ab 987# ifndef memset
20ce7b12 988 extern char *memset (char*, int, int);
ee0007ab
LW
989# endif
990# endif
ee0007ab 991#else
12ae5dfc 992# undef memset
fc36a67e 993# define memset(d,c,l) my_memset(d,c,l)
ee0007ab
LW
994#endif /* HAS_MEMSET */
995
85e6fe83 996#if !defined(HAS_MEMMOVE) && !defined(memmove)
2304df62 997# if defined(HAS_BCOPY) && defined(HAS_SAFE_BCOPY)
79072805
LW
998# define memmove(d,s,l) bcopy(s,d,l)
999# else
2304df62 1000# if defined(HAS_MEMCPY) && defined(HAS_SAFE_MEMCPY)
79072805 1001# define memmove(d,s,l) memcpy(d,s,l)
ee0007ab 1002# else
79072805 1003# define memmove(d,s,l) my_bcopy(s,d,l)
ee0007ab 1004# endif
352d5a3a 1005# endif
d9d8d8de 1006#endif
ee0007ab 1007
36477c24
PP
1008#if defined(mips) && defined(ultrix) && !defined(__STDC__)
1009# undef HAS_MEMCMP
1010#endif
1011
1012#if defined(HAS_MEMCMP) && defined(HAS_SANE_MEMCMP)
85e6fe83 1013# if !defined(STANDARD_C) && !defined(I_STRING) && !defined(I_MEMORY)
ee0007ab 1014# ifndef memcmp
20ce7b12 1015 extern int memcmp (char*, char*, int);
ee0007ab
LW
1016# endif
1017# endif
1018#else
1019# ifndef memcmp
ecfc5424 1020# define memcmp my_memcmp
352d5a3a 1021# endif
36477c24 1022#endif /* HAS_MEMCMP && HAS_SANE_MEMCMP */
8d063cd8 1023
fc36a67e 1024#ifndef memzero
c635e13b
PP
1025# ifdef HAS_MEMSET
1026# define memzero(d,l) memset(d,0,l)
79072805 1027# else
c635e13b
PP
1028# ifdef HAS_BZERO
1029# define memzero(d,l) bzero(d,l)
79072805 1030# else
fc36a67e 1031# define memzero(d,l) my_bzero(d,l)
79072805
LW
1032# endif
1033# endif
d9d8d8de 1034#endif
378cc40b 1035
2f42fcb0 1036#ifndef PERL_MICRO
0f27ced1
JH
1037#ifndef memchr
1038# ifndef HAS_MEMCHR
1039# define memchr(s,c,n) ninstr((char*)(s), ((char*)(s)) + n, &(c), &(c) + 1)
1040# endif
1041#endif
2f42fcb0 1042#endif
0f27ced1 1043
36477c24
PP
1044#ifndef HAS_BCMP
1045# ifndef bcmp
1046# define bcmp(s1,s2,l) memcmp(s1,s2,l)
79072805 1047# endif
36477c24 1048#endif /* !HAS_BCMP */
378cc40b 1049
ae986130 1050#ifdef I_NETINET_IN
79072805 1051# include <netinet/in.h>
ae986130
LW
1052#endif
1053
28e8609d
JH
1054#ifdef I_ARPA_INET
1055# include <arpa/inet.h>
1056#endif
1057
1aef975c 1058#ifdef I_SYS_STAT
84902520 1059# include <sys/stat.h>
1aef975c 1060#endif
79072805 1061
287a962e
JD
1062/* Microsoft VC's sys/stat.h defines all S_Ixxx macros except S_IFIFO.
1063 This definition should ideally go into win32/win32.h, but S_IFIFO is
1064 used later here in perl.h before win32/win32.h is being included. */
1065#if !defined(S_IFIFO) && defined(_S_IFIFO)
1066# define S_IFIFO _S_IFIFO
1067#endif
1068
cc3315ba 1069/* The stat macros for Unisoft System V/88 (and derivatives
a0d0e21e
LW
1070 like UTekV) are broken, sometimes giving false positives. Undefine
1071 them here and let the code below set them to proper values.
1072
1073 The ghs macro stands for GreenHills Software C-1.8.5 which
1074 is the C compiler for sysV88 and the various derivatives.
1075 This header file bug is corrected in gcc-2.5.8 and later versions.
1076 --Kaveh Ghazi (ghazi@noc.rutgers.edu) 10/3/94. */
1077
cc3315ba 1078#if defined(m88k) && defined(ghs)
79072805
LW
1079# undef S_ISDIR
1080# undef S_ISCHR
1081# undef S_ISBLK
1082# undef S_ISREG
1083# undef S_ISFIFO
1084# undef S_ISLNK
ee0007ab 1085#endif
135863df 1086
663a0e37
LW
1087#ifdef I_TIME
1088# include <time.h>
ffed7fef 1089#endif
663a0e37 1090
fe14fcc3 1091#ifdef I_SYS_TIME
85e6fe83 1092# ifdef I_SYS_TIME_KERNEL
663a0e37
LW
1093# define KERNEL
1094# endif
1095# include <sys/time.h>
85e6fe83 1096# ifdef I_SYS_TIME_KERNEL
663a0e37
LW
1097# undef KERNEL
1098# endif
a687059c 1099#endif
135863df 1100
55497cff 1101#if defined(HAS_TIMES) && defined(I_SYS_TIMES)
85e6fe83 1102# include <sys/times.h>
d9d8d8de 1103#endif
8d063cd8 1104
fe14fcc3 1105#if defined(HAS_STRERROR) && (!defined(HAS_MKDIR) || !defined(HAS_RMDIR))
79072805 1106# undef HAS_STRERROR
663a0e37
LW
1107#endif
1108
1109#include <errno.h>
1e743fda 1110
acfe0abc 1111#if defined(WIN32) && defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS)
b4748376
NIS
1112# define WIN32SCK_IS_STDSCK /* don't pull in custom wsock layer */
1113#endif
1114
8cfab5ff 1115/* In Tru64 use the 4.4BSD struct msghdr, not the 4.3 one.
00f254e2 1116 * This is important for using IPv6.
8cfab5ff
JH
1117 * For OSF/1 3.2, however, defining _SOCKADDR_LEN would be
1118 * a bad idea since it breaks send() and recv(). */
1119#if defined(__osf__) && defined(__alpha) && !defined(_SOCKADDR_LEN) && !defined(DEC_OSF1_3_X)
1120# define _SOCKADDR_LEN
1121#endif
1122
da70cfc6 1123#if defined(HAS_SOCKET) && !defined(WIN32) /* WIN32 handles sockets via win32.h */
1e743fda
JH
1124# include <sys/socket.h>
1125# if defined(USE_SOCKS) && defined(I_SOCKS)
1126# if !defined(INCLUDE_PROTOTYPES)
1127# define INCLUDE_PROTOTYPES /* for <socks.h> */
1128# define PERL_SOCKS_NEED_PROTOTYPES
1129# endif
1130# include <socks.h>
1131# ifdef PERL_SOCKS_NEED_PROTOTYPES /* keep cpp space clean */
1132# undef INCLUDE_PROTOTYPES
1133# undef PERL_SOCKS_NEED_PROTOTYPES
ed6116ce 1134# endif
d460ef45 1135# endif
1e743fda 1136# ifdef I_NETDB
2986a63f
JH
1137# ifdef NETWARE
1138# include<stdio.h>
1139# endif
1e743fda
JH
1140# include <netdb.h>
1141# endif
1142# ifndef ENOTSOCK
1143# ifdef I_NET_ERRNO
1144# include <net/errno.h>
1145# endif
1146# endif
1147#endif
1148
fa0a29af 1149/* sockatmark() is so new (2001) that many places might have it hidden
29820b6d
MHM
1150 * behind some -D_BLAH_BLAH_SOURCE guard. The __THROW magic is required
1151 * e.g. in Gentoo, see http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=12605 */
fa0a29af 1152#if defined(HAS_SOCKATMARK) && !defined(HAS_SOCKATMARK_PROTO)
29820b6d
MHM
1153# if defined(__THROW) && defined(__GLIBC__)
1154int sockatmark(int) __THROW;
1155# else
2ef53570 1156int sockatmark(int);
29820b6d 1157# endif
2ef53570
JH
1158#endif
1159
7e827271 1160#if defined(__osf__) && defined(__cplusplus) && !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) /* Tru64 "cxx" (C++), see hints/dec_osf.sh for why the _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED cannot be defined. */
45d3b546
JH
1161EXTERN_C int fchdir(int);
1162EXTERN_C int flock(int, int);
1163EXTERN_C int fseeko(FILE *, off_t, int);
1164EXTERN_C off_t ftello(FILE *);
1165#endif
1166
7e827271 1167#if defined(__SUNPRO_CC) /* SUNWspro CC (C++) */
1ccb7c8d 1168EXTERN_C char *crypt(const char *, const char *);
7e827271 1169EXTERN_C char **environ;
1ccb7c8d
JH
1170#endif
1171
83a6ff2e 1172#if defined(__cplusplus)
ce3470dc 1173# if defined(BSDish)
b91fbb93 1174EXTERN_C char **environ;
83a6ff2e 1175# elif defined(__CYGWIN__)
667e2948
SP
1176EXTERN_C char *crypt(const char *, const char *);
1177#endif
83a6ff2e 1178#endif
667e2948 1179
1e743fda
JH
1180#ifdef SETERRNO
1181# undef SETERRNO /* SOCKS might have defined this */
ed6116ce 1182#endif
f86702cc
PP
1183
1184#ifdef VMS
1185# define SETERRNO(errcode,vmserrcode) \
1186 STMT_START { \
1187 set_errno(errcode); \
1188 set_vaxc_errno(vmserrcode); \
1189 } STMT_END
4ee39169
CS
1190# define dSAVEDERRNO int saved_errno; unsigned saved_vms_errno
1191# define dSAVE_ERRNO int saved_errno = errno; unsigned saved_vms_errno = vaxc$errno
1192# define SAVE_ERRNO ( saved_errno = errno, saved_vms_errno = vaxc$errno )
1193# define RESTORE_ERRNO SETERRNO(saved_errno, saved_vms_errno)
1194
93189314
JH
1195# define LIB_INVARG LIB$_INVARG
1196# define RMS_DIR RMS$_DIR
1197# define RMS_FAC RMS$_FAC
1198# define RMS_FEX RMS$_FEX
1199# define RMS_FNF RMS$_FNF
1200# define RMS_IFI RMS$_IFI
1201# define RMS_ISI RMS$_ISI
1202# define RMS_PRV RMS$_PRV
1203# define SS_ACCVIO SS$_ACCVIO
1204# define SS_DEVOFFLINE SS$_DEVOFFLINE
1205# define SS_IVCHAN SS$_IVCHAN
1206# define SS_NORMAL SS$_NORMAL
8a9f18be 1207# define SS_NOPRIV SS$_NOPRIV
748a9306 1208#else
93189314
JH
1209# define LIB_INVARG 0
1210# define RMS_DIR 0
1211# define RMS_FAC 0
1212# define RMS_FEX 0
1213# define RMS_FNF 0
1214# define RMS_IFI 0
1215# define RMS_ISI 0
1216# define RMS_PRV 0
1217# define SS_ACCVIO 0
1218# define SS_DEVOFFLINE 0
1219# define SS_IVCHAN 0
1220# define SS_NORMAL 0
8a9f18be 1221# define SS_NOPRIV 0
748a9306 1222#endif
ed6116ce 1223
6ca940a9
TC
1224#ifdef WIN32
1225# define dSAVEDERRNO int saved_errno; DWORD saved_win32_errno
1226# define dSAVE_ERRNO int saved_errno = errno; DWORD saved_win32_errno = GetLastError()
1227# define SAVE_ERRNO ( saved_errno = errno, saved_win32_errno = GetLastError() )
1228# define RESTORE_ERRNO ( errno = saved_errno, SetLastError(saved_win32_errno) )
1229#endif
1230
1231#ifdef OS2
1232# define dSAVEDERRNO int saved_errno; unsigned long saved_os2_errno
1233# define dSAVE_ERRNO int saved_errno = errno; unsigned long saved_os2_errno = Perl_rc
1234# define SAVE_ERRNO ( saved_errno = errno, saved_os2_errno = Perl_rc )
1235# define RESTORE_ERRNO ( errno = saved_errno, Perl_rc = saved_os2_errno )
1236#endif
1237
1238#ifndef SETERRNO
1239# define SETERRNO(errcode,vmserrcode) (errno = (errcode))
1240#endif
1241
1242#ifndef dSAVEDERRNO
1243# define dSAVEDERRNO int saved_errno
1244# define dSAVE_ERRNO int saved_errno = errno
1245# define SAVE_ERRNO (saved_errno = errno)
1246# define RESTORE_ERRNO (errno = saved_errno)
1247#endif
1248
f5fa9033 1249#define ERRSV GvSVn(PL_errgv)
dfd167e9
NC
1250
1251#define CLEAR_ERRSV() STMT_START { \
1252 if (!GvSV(PL_errgv)) { \
1253 sv_setpvs(GvSV(gv_add_by_type(PL_errgv, SVt_PV)), ""); \
1254 } else if (SvREADONLY(GvSV(PL_errgv))) { \
1255 SvREFCNT_dec(GvSV(PL_errgv)); \
1256 GvSV(PL_errgv) = newSVpvs(""); \
1257 } else { \
1258 SV *const errsv = GvSV(PL_errgv); \
1259 sv_setpvs(errsv, ""); \
1260 if (SvMAGICAL(errsv)) { \
1261 mg_free(errsv); \
1262 } \
1263 SvPOK_only(errsv); \
1264 } \
1265 } STMT_END
1266
1267
414bf5ae
MHM
1268#ifdef PERL_CORE
1269# define DEFSV (0 + GvSVn(PL_defgv))
55b5114f
FC
1270# define DEFSV_set(sv) \
1271 (SvREFCNT_dec(GvSV(PL_defgv)), GvSV(PL_defgv) = SvREFCNT_inc(sv))
1272# define SAVE_DEFSV \
1273 ( \
1274 save_gp(PL_defgv, 0), \
1275 GvINTRO_off(PL_defgv), \
1276 SAVEGENERICSV(GvSV(PL_defgv)), \
1277 GvSV(PL_defgv) = NULL \
1278 )
414bf5ae
MHM
1279#else
1280# define DEFSV GvSVn(PL_defgv)
55b5114f
FC
1281# define DEFSV_set(sv) (GvSV(PL_defgv) = (sv))
1282# define SAVE_DEFSV SAVESPTR(GvSV(PL_defgv))
414bf5ae 1283#endif
38a03e6e 1284
55497cff 1285#ifndef errno
5ff3f7a4
GS
1286 extern int errno; /* ANSI allows errno to be an lvalue expr.
1287 * For example in multithreaded environments
1288 * something like this might happen:
1289 * extern int *_errno(void);
1290 * #define errno (*_errno()) */
d9d8d8de 1291#endif
663a0e37 1292
7e996671
KW
1293#define UNKNOWN_ERRNO_MSG "(unknown)"
1294
2304df62 1295#ifdef HAS_STRERROR
b3e384bf 1296# ifndef DONT_DECLARE_STD
a0d0e21e 1297# ifdef VMS
20ce7b12 1298 char *strerror (int,...);
a0d0e21e 1299# else
20ce7b12 1300 char *strerror (int);
a0d0e21e 1301# endif
b3e384bf
KW
1302# endif
1303# ifndef Strerror
1304# define Strerror strerror
1305# endif
2304df62
AD
1306#else
1307# ifdef HAS_SYS_ERRLIST
79072805
LW
1308 extern int sys_nerr;
1309 extern char *sys_errlist[];
2304df62
AD
1310# ifndef Strerror
1311# define Strerror(e) \
7e996671 1312 ((e) < 0 || (e) >= sys_nerr ? UNKNOWN_ERRNO_MSG : sys_errlist[e])
2304df62 1313# endif
79072805 1314# endif
35c8bce7 1315#endif
663a0e37 1316
2304df62 1317#ifdef I_SYS_IOCTL
79072805
LW
1318# ifndef _IOCTL_
1319# include <sys/ioctl.h>
1320# endif
a687059c
LW
1321#endif
1322
ee0007ab 1323#if defined(mc300) || defined(mc500) || defined(mc700) || defined(mc6000)
79072805
LW
1324# ifdef HAS_SOCKETPAIR
1325# undef HAS_SOCKETPAIR
1326# endif
2304df62
AD
1327# ifdef I_NDBM
1328# undef I_NDBM
79072805 1329# endif
a687059c
LW
1330#endif
1331
02fc2eee
NC
1332#ifndef HAS_SOCKETPAIR
1333# ifdef HAS_SOCKET
1334# define socketpair Perl_my_socketpair
1335# endif
1336#endif
1337
a687059c 1338#if INTSIZE == 2
79072805
LW
1339# define htoni htons
1340# define ntohi ntohs
a687059c 1341#else
79072805
LW
1342# define htoni htonl
1343# define ntohi ntohl
a687059c
LW
1344#endif
1345
a0d0e21e 1346/* Configure already sets Direntry_t */
35c8bce7 1347#if defined(I_DIRENT)
663a0e37 1348# include <dirent.h>
ae986130 1349#else
fe14fcc3 1350# ifdef I_SYS_NDIR
79a0689e 1351# include <sys/ndir.h>
663a0e37 1352# else
fe14fcc3 1353# ifdef I_SYS_DIR
79a0689e
LW
1354# ifdef hp9000s500
1355# include <ndir.h> /* may be wrong in the future */
1356# else
1357# include <sys/dir.h>
1358# endif
663a0e37
LW
1359# endif
1360# endif
4633a7c4 1361#endif
a687059c 1362
c623bd54
LW
1363/*
1364 * The following gobbledygook brought to you on behalf of __STDC__.
1365 * (I could just use #ifndef __STDC__, but this is more bulletproof
1366 * in the face of half-implementations.)
1367 */
1368
21e89b5f 1369#if defined(I_SYSMODE)
ca6e1c26
JH
1370#include <sys/mode.h>
1371#endif
1372
c623bd54
LW
1373#ifndef S_IFMT
1374# ifdef _S_IFMT
1375# define S_IFMT _S_IFMT
1376# else
1377# define S_IFMT 0170000
1378# endif
1379#endif
1380
1381#ifndef S_ISDIR
1382# define S_ISDIR(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)
1383#endif
1384
1385#ifndef S_ISCHR
1386# define S_ISCHR(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFCHR)
1387#endif
1388
1389#ifndef S_ISBLK
fe14fcc3
LW
1390# ifdef S_IFBLK
1391# define S_ISBLK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFBLK)
1392# else
1393# define S_ISBLK(m) (0)
1394# endif
c623bd54
LW
1395#endif
1396
1397#ifndef S_ISREG
1398# define S_ISREG(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG)
1399#endif
1400
1401#ifndef S_ISFIFO
fe14fcc3
LW
1402# ifdef S_IFIFO
1403# define S_ISFIFO(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFIFO)
1404# else
1405# define S_ISFIFO(m) (0)
1406# endif
c623bd54
LW
1407#endif
1408
1409#ifndef S_ISLNK
1410# ifdef _S_ISLNK
1411# define S_ISLNK(m) _S_ISLNK(m)
1412# else
1413# ifdef _S_IFLNK
1414# define S_ISLNK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == _S_IFLNK)
1415# else
1416# ifdef S_IFLNK
1417# define S_ISLNK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFLNK)
1418# else
1419# define S_ISLNK(m) (0)
1420# endif
1421# endif
1422# endif
1423#endif
1424
1425#ifndef S_ISSOCK
1426# ifdef _S_ISSOCK
1427# define S_ISSOCK(m) _S_ISSOCK(m)
1428# else
1429# ifdef _S_IFSOCK
1430# define S_ISSOCK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == _S_IFSOCK)
1431# else
1432# ifdef S_IFSOCK
1433# define S_ISSOCK(m) ((m & S_IFMT) == S_IFSOCK)
1434# else
1435# define S_ISSOCK(m) (0)
1436# endif
1437# endif
1438# endif
1439#endif
1440
1441#ifndef S_IRUSR
1442# ifdef S_IREAD
1443# define S_IRUSR S_IREAD
1444# define S_IWUSR S_IWRITE
1445# define S_IXUSR S_IEXEC
1446# else
1447# define S_IRUSR 0400
1448# define S_IWUSR 0200
1449# define S_IXUSR 0100
1450# endif
fac7cdfc 1451#endif
1452
1453#ifndef S_IRGRP
1454# ifdef S_IRUSR
1455# define S_IRGRP (S_IRUSR>>3)
1456# define S_IWGRP (S_IWUSR>>3)
1457# define S_IXGRP (S_IXUSR>>3)
1458# else
1459# define S_IRGRP 0040
1460# define S_IWGRP 0020
1461# define S_IXGRP 0010
1462# endif
1463#endif
1464
1465#ifndef S_IROTH
1466# ifdef S_IRUSR
1467# define S_IROTH (S_IRUSR>>6)
1468# define S_IWOTH (S_IWUSR>>6)
1469# define S_IXOTH (S_IXUSR>>6)
1470# else
1471# define S_IROTH 0040
1472# define S_IWOTH 0020
1473# define S_IXOTH 0010
1474# endif
c623bd54
LW
1475#endif
1476
1477#ifndef S_ISUID
1478# define S_ISUID 04000
1479#endif
1480
1481#ifndef S_ISGID
1482# define S_ISGID 02000
1483#endif
1484
ca6e1c26
JH
1485#ifndef S_IRWXU
1486# define S_IRWXU (S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR|S_IXUSR)
d460ef45 1487#endif
ca6e1c26
JH
1488
1489#ifndef S_IRWXG
1490# define S_IRWXG (S_IRGRP|S_IWGRP|S_IXGRP)
d460ef45 1491#endif
ca6e1c26
JH
1492
1493#ifndef S_IRWXO
1494# define S_IRWXO (S_IROTH|S_IWOTH|S_IXOTH)
d460ef45 1495#endif
ca6e1c26 1496
b6c36746 1497/* Haiku R1 seems to define S_IREAD and S_IWRITE in <posix/fcntl.h>
c21fb2b8
JH
1498 * which would get included through <sys/file.h >, but that is 3000
1499 * lines in the future. --jhi */
1500
b6c36746 1501#if !defined(S_IREAD) && !defined(__HAIKU__)
ca6e1c26
JH
1502# define S_IREAD S_IRUSR
1503#endif
1504
b6c36746 1505#if !defined(S_IWRITE) && !defined(__HAIKU__)
ca6e1c26
JH
1506# define S_IWRITE S_IWUSR
1507#endif
1508
1509#ifndef S_IEXEC
1510# define S_IEXEC S_IXUSR
1511#endif
1512
a0d0e21e 1513#if defined(cray) || defined(gould) || defined(i860) || defined(pyr)
45d8adaa
LW
1514# define SLOPPYDIVIDE
1515#endif
1516
748a9306
LW
1517#ifdef UV
1518#undef UV
1519#endif
1520
ce582cee
NC
1521/* For the times when you want the return value of sprintf, and you want it
1522 to be the length. Can't have a thread variable passed in, because C89 has
1523 no varargs macros.
1524*/
1525#ifdef SPRINTF_RETURNS_STRLEN
1526# define my_sprintf sprintf
1527#else
1528# define my_sprintf Perl_my_sprintf
1529#endif
1530
5b692037
JH
1531/*
1532 * If we have v?snprintf() and the C99 variadic macros, we can just
1533 * use just the v?snprintf(). It is nice to try to trap the buffer
1534 * overflow, however, so if we are DEBUGGING, and we cannot use the
e5afc1ae
DD
1535 * gcc statement expressions, then use the function wrappers which try
1536 * to trap the overflow. If we can use the gcc statement expressions,
1537 * we can try that even with the version that uses the C99 variadic
1538 * macros.
5b692037
JH
1539 */
1540
1208b3dd
JH
1541/* Note that we do not check against snprintf()/vsnprintf() returning
1542 * negative values because that is non-standard behaviour and we use
1543 * snprintf/vsnprintf only iff HAS_VSNPRINTF has been defined, and
1544 * that should be true only if the snprintf()/vsnprintf() are true
1545 * to the standard. */
1546
e8549682
JH
1547#define PERL_SNPRINTF_CHECK(len, max, api) STMT_START { if ((max) > 0 && (Size_t)len >= (max)) Perl_croak_nocontext("panic: %s buffer overflow", STRINGIFY(api)); } STMT_END
1548
dfeee9b1 1549#if defined(HAS_SNPRINTF) && defined(HAS_C99_VARIADIC_MACROS) && !(defined(DEBUGGING) && !defined(PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS)) && !defined(PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC)
5b692037 1550# ifdef PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS
e8549682 1551# define my_snprintf(buffer, max, ...) ({ int len = snprintf(buffer, max, __VA_ARGS__); PERL_SNPRINTF_CHECK(len, max, snprintf); len; })
1208b3dd 1552# define PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_GUARDED
5b692037 1553# else
e8549682 1554# define my_snprintf(buffer, max, ...) snprintf(buffer, max, __VA_ARGS__)
5b692037
JH
1555# endif
1556#else
1557# define my_snprintf Perl_my_snprintf
1208b3dd 1558# define PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_GUARDED
5b692037
JH
1559#endif
1560
dfeee9b1 1561#if defined(HAS_VSNPRINTF) && defined(HAS_C99_VARIADIC_MACROS) && !(defined(DEBUGGING) && !defined(PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS)) && !defined(PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC)
5b692037 1562# ifdef PERL_USE_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS
e8549682 1563# define my_vsnprintf(buffer, max, ...) ({ int len = vsnprintf(buffer, max, __VA_ARGS__); PERL_SNPRINTF_CHECK(len, max, vsnprintf); len; })
1208b3dd 1564# define PERL_MY_VSNPRINTF_GUARDED
5b692037 1565# else
e8549682 1566# define my_vsnprintf(buffer, max, ...) vsnprintf(buffer, max, __VA_ARGS__)
5b692037
JH
1567# endif
1568#else
1569# define my_vsnprintf Perl_my_vsnprintf
1208b3dd 1570# define PERL_MY_VSNPRINTF_GUARDED
5b692037 1571#endif
d9fad198 1572
e8549682
JH
1573/* You will definitely need to use the PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_POST_GUARD()
1574 * or PERL_MY_VSNPRINTF_POST_GUARD() if you otherwise decide to ignore
1575 * the result of my_snprintf() or my_vsnprintf(). (No, you should not
1576 * completely ignore it: otherwise you cannot know whether your output
1577 * was too long.)
1578 *
1579 * int len = my_sprintf(buf, max, ...);
1580 * PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_POST_GUARD(len, max);
1581 *
1582 * The trick is that in certain platforms [a] the my_sprintf() already
1583 * contains the sanity check, while in certain platforms [b] it needs
1584 * to be done as a separate step. The POST_GUARD is that step-- in [a]
1585 * platforms the POST_GUARD actually does nothing since the check has
1586 * already been done. Watch out for the max being the same in both calls.
1587 *
1588 * If you actually use the snprintf/vsnprintf return value already,
1589 * you assumedly are checking its validity somehow. But you can
1590 * insert the POST_GUARD() also in that case. */
1591
1592#ifndef PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_GUARDED
1593# define PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_POST_GUARD(len, max) PERL_SNPRINTF_CHECK(len, max, snprintf)
1594#else
1595# define PERL_MY_SNPRINTF_POST_GUARD(len, max) PERL_UNUSED_VAR(len)
1596#endif
1597
1598#ifndef PERL_MY_VSNPRINTF_GUARDED
1599# define PERL_MY_VSNPRINTF_POST_GUARD(len, max) PERL_SNPRINTF_CHECK(len, max, vsnprintf)
1600#else
1601# define PERL_MY_VSNPRINTF_POST_GUARD(len, max) PERL_UNUSED_VAR(len)
1602#endif
1603
a6cc4119
SP
1604#ifdef HAS_STRLCAT
1605# define my_strlcat strlcat
1606#else
1607# define my_strlcat Perl_my_strlcat
1608#endif
1609
1610#ifdef HAS_STRLCPY
1611# define my_strlcpy strlcpy
1612#else
1613# define my_strlcpy Perl_my_strlcpy
1614#endif
1615
05f13f53 1616/*
27d4fb96
PP
1617 The IV type is supposed to be long enough to hold any integral
1618 value or a pointer.
1619 --Andy Dougherty August 1996
1620*/
1621
a22e52b9
JH
1622typedef IVTYPE IV;
1623typedef UVTYPE UV;
8175356b 1624
10cc9d2a 1625#if defined(USE_64_BIT_INT) && defined(HAS_QUAD)
6b8eaf93 1626# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_INT64_T && defined(INT64_MAX)
5ff3f7a4
GS
1627# define IV_MAX INT64_MAX
1628# define IV_MIN INT64_MIN
1629# define UV_MAX UINT64_MAX
cae7ae48
JH
1630# ifndef UINT64_MIN
1631# define UINT64_MIN 0
1632# endif
5ff3f7a4
GS
1633# define UV_MIN UINT64_MIN
1634# else
1635# define IV_MAX PERL_QUAD_MAX
1636# define IV_MIN PERL_QUAD_MIN
1637# define UV_MAX PERL_UQUAD_MAX
1638# define UV_MIN PERL_UQUAD_MIN
1639# endif
cf2093f6
JH
1640# define IV_IS_QUAD
1641# define UV_IS_QUAD
79072805 1642#else
8175356b 1643# if defined(INT32_MAX) && IVSIZE == 4
5ff3f7a4
GS
1644# define IV_MAX INT32_MAX
1645# define IV_MIN INT32_MIN
716026f9
DL
1646# ifndef UINT32_MAX_BROKEN /* e.g. HP-UX with gcc messes this up */
1647# define UV_MAX UINT32_MAX
1648# else
1649# define UV_MAX 4294967295U
1650# endif
cae7ae48
JH
1651# ifndef UINT32_MIN
1652# define UINT32_MIN 0
1653# endif
5ff3f7a4
GS
1654# define UV_MIN UINT32_MIN
1655# else
1656# define IV_MAX PERL_LONG_MAX
1657# define IV_MIN PERL_LONG_MIN
1658# define UV_MAX PERL_ULONG_MAX
1659# define UV_MIN PERL_ULONG_MIN
1660# endif
8175356b 1661# if IVSIZE == 8
cf2093f6
JH
1662# define IV_IS_QUAD
1663# define UV_IS_QUAD
de1c2614
JH
1664# ifndef HAS_QUAD
1665# define HAS_QUAD
1666# endif
cf2093f6
JH
1667# else
1668# undef IV_IS_QUAD
1669# undef UV_IS_QUAD
9ea40801 1670#if !defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(USING_MSVC6)
e25d460c
NC
1671/* We think that removing this decade-old undef this will cause too much
1672 breakage on CPAN for too little gain. (See RT #119753)
9ea40801
SH
1673 However, we do need HAS_QUAD in the core for use by the drand48 code,
1674 but not for Win32 VC6 because it has poor __int64 support. */
cb4b14d5 1675# undef HAS_QUAD
e25d460c 1676#endif
cf2093f6 1677# endif
79072805 1678#endif
d7d93a81 1679
6313e544
JH
1680#define Size_t_MAX (~(Size_t)0)
1681#define SSize_t_MAX (SSize_t)(~(Size_t)0 >> 1)
9a543cee 1682
cae7ae48 1683#define IV_DIG (BIT_DIGITS(IVSIZE * 8))
22ec83e3 1684#define UV_DIG (BIT_DIGITS(UVSIZE * 8))
56431972 1685
28e5dec8 1686#ifndef NO_PERL_PRESERVE_IVUV
f5c03d33 1687#define PERL_PRESERVE_IVUV /* We like our integers to stay integers. */
28e5dec8
JH
1688#endif
1689
d460ef45 1690/*
26bb67e2
JH
1691 * The macros INT2PTR and NUM2PTR are (despite their names)
1692 * bi-directional: they will convert int/float to or from pointers.
1693 * However the conversion to int/float are named explicitly:
1694 * PTR2IV, PTR2UV, PTR2NV.
1695 *
1696 * For int conversions we do not need two casts if pointers are
1697 * the same size as IV and UV. Otherwise we need an explicit
1698 * cast (PTRV) to avoid compiler warnings.
1699 */
56431972
RB
1700#if (IVSIZE == PTRSIZE) && (UVSIZE == PTRSIZE)
1701# define PTRV UV
1702# define INT2PTR(any,d) (any)(d)
1703#else
d460ef45 1704# if PTRSIZE == LONGSIZE
56431972 1705# define PTRV unsigned long
e91e3b10 1706# define PTR2ul(p) (unsigned long)(p)
42718184 1707# else
56431972 1708# define PTRV unsigned
42718184 1709# endif
e91e3b10
RB
1710#endif
1711
1712#ifndef INT2PTR
56431972 1713# define INT2PTR(any,d) (any)(PTRV)(d)
42718184 1714#endif
e91e3b10
RB
1715
1716#ifndef PTR2ul
1717# define PTR2ul(p) INT2PTR(unsigned long,p)
1718#endif
1719
56431972
RB
1720#define NUM2PTR(any,d) (any)(PTRV)(d)
1721#define PTR2IV(p) INT2PTR(IV,p)
1722#define PTR2UV(p) INT2PTR(UV,p)
1723#define PTR2NV(p) NUM2PTR(NV,p)
e91e3b10 1724#define PTR2nat(p) (PTRV)(p) /* pointer to integer of PTRSIZE */
d460ef45 1725
8141890a
JH
1726/* According to strict ANSI C89 one cannot freely cast between
1727 * data pointers and function (code) pointers. There are at least
1728 * two ways around this. One (used below) is to do two casts,
1729 * first the other pointer to an (unsigned) integer, and then
1730 * the integer to the other pointer. The other way would be
1731 * to use unions to "overlay" the pointers. For an example of
1732 * the latter technique, see union dirpu in struct xpvio in sv.h.
1733 * The only feasible use is probably temporarily storing
1734 * function pointers in a data pointer (such as a void pointer). */
1735
e91e3b10
RB
1736#define DPTR2FPTR(t,p) ((t)PTR2nat(p)) /* data pointer to function pointer */
1737#define FPTR2DPTR(t,p) ((t)PTR2nat(p)) /* function pointer to data pointer */
8141890a 1738
65202027 1739#ifdef USE_LONG_DOUBLE
1048ea30
JH
1740# if defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && LONG_DOUBLESIZE == DOUBLESIZE
1741# define LONG_DOUBLE_EQUALS_DOUBLE
1742# endif
68d4903c 1743# if !(defined(HAS_LONG_DOUBLE) && (LONG_DOUBLESIZE > DOUBLESIZE))
2d4389e4 1744# undef USE_LONG_DOUBLE /* Ouch! */
65202027
DS
1745# endif
1746#endif
1747
2d4389e4
JH
1748#ifdef OVR_DBL_DIG
1749/* Use an overridden DBL_DIG */
1750# ifdef DBL_DIG
1751# undef DBL_DIG
1752# endif
1753# define DBL_DIG OVR_DBL_DIG
1754#else
1755/* The following is all to get DBL_DIG, in order to pick a nice
205f51d8
AS
1756 default value for printing floating point numbers in Gconvert
1757 (see config.h). (It also has other uses, such as figuring out if
1758 a given precision of printing can be done with a double instead of
1759 a long double - Allen).
2d4389e4
JH
1760*/
1761#ifdef I_LIMITS
1762#include <limits.h>
1763#endif
1764#ifdef I_FLOAT
1765#include <float.h>
1766#endif
1767#ifndef HAS_DBL_DIG
1768#define DBL_DIG 15 /* A guess that works lots of places */
1769#endif
1770#endif
1771
1772#ifdef OVR_LDBL_DIG
1773/* Use an overridden LDBL_DIG */
1774# ifdef LDBL_DIG
1775# undef LDBL_DIG
1776# endif
1777# define LDBL_DIG OVR_LDBL_DIG
1778#else
1779/* The following is all to get LDBL_DIG, in order to pick a nice
1780 default value for printing floating point numbers in Gconvert.
1781 (see config.h)
1782*/
68d4903c
JH
1783# ifdef I_LIMITS
1784# include <limits.h>
1785# endif
1786# ifdef I_FLOAT
1787# include <float.h>
1788# endif
1789# ifndef HAS_LDBL_DIG
1790# if LONG_DOUBLESIZE == 10
1791# define LDBL_DIG 18 /* assume IEEE */
1792# else
1793# if LONG_DOUBLESIZE == 12
1794# define LDBL_DIG 18 /* gcc? */
1795# else
1796# if LONG_DOUBLESIZE == 16
1797# define LDBL_DIG 33 /* assume IEEE */
1798# else
1799# if LONG_DOUBLESIZE == DOUBLESIZE
1800# define LDBL_DIG DBL_DIG /* bummer */
1801# endif
1802# endif
1803# endif
1804# endif
1805# endif
2d4389e4
JH
1806#endif
1807
20f6aaab
AS
1808/*
1809 * This is for making sure we have a good DBL_MAX value, if possible,
1810 * either for usage as NV_MAX or for usage in figuring out if we can
1811 * fit a given long double into a double, if bug-fixing makes it
1812 * necessary to do so. - Allen <allens@cpan.org>
1813 */
1814
205f51d8
AS
1815#ifdef I_LIMITS
1816# include <limits.h>
20f6aaab
AS
1817#endif
1818
205f51d8
AS
1819#ifdef I_VALUES
1820# if !(defined(DBL_MIN) && defined(DBL_MAX) && defined(I_LIMITS))
1821# include <values.h>
1822# if defined(MAXDOUBLE) && !defined(DBL_MAX)
1823# define DBL_MAX MAXDOUBLE
1824# endif
1825# if defined(MINDOUBLE) && !defined(DBL_MIN)
1826# define DBL_MIN MINDOUBLE
1827# endif
1828# endif
1829#endif /* defined(I_VALUES) */
1830
a22e52b9 1831typedef NVTYPE NV;
8175356b 1832
792d8dab
JH
1833#ifdef I_IEEEFP
1834# include <ieeefp.h>
1835#endif
923fc586 1836
65202027 1837#ifdef USE_LONG_DOUBLE
923fc586
JH
1838# ifdef I_SUNMATH
1839# include <sunmath.h>
1840# endif
2d4389e4 1841# define NV_DIG LDBL_DIG
d6c14000
JH
1842# ifdef LDBL_MANT_DIG
1843# define NV_MANT_DIG LDBL_MANT_DIG
1844# endif
06fc1729
JH
1845# ifdef LDBL_MIN
1846# define NV_MIN LDBL_MIN
1847# endif
1848# ifdef LDBL_MAX
1849# define NV_MAX LDBL_MAX
1850# endif
40bca5ae
JH
1851# ifdef LDBL_MIN_EXP
1852# define NV_MIN_EXP LDBL_MIN_EXP
1853# endif
1854# ifdef LDBL_MAX_EXP
1855# define NV_MAX_EXP LDBL_MAX_EXP
1856# endif
06fc1729
JH
1857# ifdef LDBL_MIN_10_EXP
1858# define NV_MIN_10_EXP LDBL_MIN_10_EXP
1859# endif
1860# ifdef LDBL_MAX_10_EXP
1861# define NV_MAX_10_EXP LDBL_MAX_10_EXP
1862# endif
1863# ifdef LDBL_EPSILON
1864# define NV_EPSILON LDBL_EPSILON
1865# endif
f4a14a62
JH
1866# ifdef LDBL_MAX
1867# define NV_MAX LDBL_MAX
20f6aaab 1868/* Having LDBL_MAX doesn't necessarily mean that we have LDBL_MIN... -Allen */
f4a14a62
JH
1869# else
1870# ifdef HUGE_VALL
1871# define NV_MAX HUGE_VALL
1872# else
1873# ifdef HUGE_VAL
1874# define NV_MAX ((NV)HUGE_VAL)
1875# endif
1876# endif
1877# endif
68d4903c 1878# ifdef HAS_SQRTL
68d4903c
JH
1879# define Perl_cos cosl
1880# define Perl_sin sinl
1881# define Perl_sqrt sqrtl
1882# define Perl_exp expl
1883# define Perl_log logl
1884# define Perl_atan2 atan2l
1885# define Perl_pow powl
1886# define Perl_floor floorl
1bbae031 1887# define Perl_ceil ceill
68d4903c
JH
1888# define Perl_fmod fmodl
1889# endif
a3540c92
JH
1890/* e.g. libsunmath doesn't have modfl and frexpl as of mid-March 2000 */
1891# ifdef HAS_MODFL
1892# define Perl_modf(x,y) modfl(x,y)
51997bc3
NC
1893/* eg glibc 2.2 series seems to provide modfl on ppc and arm, but has no
1894 prototype in <math.h> */
1895# ifndef HAS_MODFL_PROTO
a221a8a5 1896EXTERN_C long double modfl(long double, long double *);
51997bc3 1897# endif
03476e8e
JH
1898# else
1899# if defined(HAS_AINTL) && defined(HAS_COPYSIGNL)
55954f19 1900 extern long double Perl_my_modfl(long double x, long double *ip);
03476e8e
JH
1901# define Perl_modf(x,y) Perl_my_modfl(x,y)
1902# endif
a3540c92
JH
1903# endif
1904# ifdef HAS_FREXPL
dff3e0b8 1905# define Perl_frexp(x,y) frexpl(x,y)
03476e8e
JH
1906# else
1907# if defined(HAS_ILOGBL) && defined(HAS_SCALBNL)
55954f19 1908 extern long double Perl_my_frexpl(long double x, int *e);
03476e8e
JH
1909# define Perl_frexp(x,y) Perl_my_frexpl(x,y)
1910# endif
a3540c92 1911# endif
98181445
JH
1912# ifdef HAS_LDEXPL
1913# define Perl_ldexp(x, y) ldexpl(x,y)
1914# else
1915# if defined(HAS_SCALBNL) && FLT_RADIX == 2
1916# define Perl_ldexp(x,y) scalbnl(x,y)
1917# endif
1918# endif
38dbb4c5 1919# ifndef Perl_isnan
758a5d79
JH
1920# ifdef HAS_ISNANL
1921# define Perl_isnan(x) isnanl(x)
1922# endif
1923# endif
1924# ifndef Perl_isinf
87190886
JH
1925# if defined(HAS_ISINFL)
1926# define Perl_isinf(x) isinfl(x)
a3540c92
JH
1927# endif
1928# endif
4efd38a4
JH
1929# ifndef Perl_isfinite
1930# ifdef HAS_ISFINITEL
1931# define Perl_isfinite(x) isfinitel(x)
1932# elif defined(HAS_FINITEL)
1933# define Perl_isfinite(x) finitel(x)
1934# endif
1935# endif
65202027 1936#else
2d4389e4 1937# define NV_DIG DBL_DIG
d6c14000
JH
1938# ifdef DBL_MANT_DIG
1939# define NV_MANT_DIG DBL_MANT_DIG
1940# endif
06fc1729
JH
1941# ifdef DBL_MIN
1942# define NV_MIN DBL_MIN
1943# endif
1944# ifdef DBL_MAX
1945# define NV_MAX DBL_MAX
1946# endif
40bca5ae
JH
1947# ifdef DBL_MIN_EXP
1948# define NV_MIN_EXP DBL_MIN_EXP
1949# endif
1950# ifdef DBL_MAX_EXP
1951# define NV_MAX_EXP DBL_MAX_EXP
1952# endif
06fc1729
JH
1953# ifdef DBL_MIN_10_EXP
1954# define NV_MIN_10_EXP DBL_MIN_10_EXP
1955# endif
1956# ifdef DBL_MAX_10_EXP
1957# define NV_MAX_10_EXP DBL_MAX_10_EXP
1958# endif
1959# ifdef DBL_EPSILON
1960# define NV_EPSILON DBL_EPSILON
1961# endif
205f51d8 1962# ifdef DBL_MAX /* XXX Does DBL_MAX imply having DBL_MIN? */
f4a14a62
JH
1963# define NV_MAX DBL_MAX
1964# define NV_MIN DBL_MIN
1965# else
1966# ifdef HUGE_VAL
1967# define NV_MAX HUGE_VAL
1968# endif
1969# endif
65202027
DS
1970# define Perl_cos cos
1971# define Perl_sin sin
1972# define Perl_sqrt sqrt
1973# define Perl_exp exp
1974# define Perl_log log
1975# define Perl_atan2 atan2
1976# define Perl_pow pow
1977# define Perl_floor floor
1bbae031 1978# define Perl_ceil ceil
65202027 1979# define Perl_fmod fmod
a3540c92 1980# define Perl_modf(x,y) modf(x,y)
dff3e0b8 1981# define Perl_frexp(x,y) frexp(x,y)
98181445 1982# define Perl_ldexp(x,y) ldexp(x,y)
1a322af2
JH
1983# ifndef Perl_isnan
1984# ifdef HAS_ISNAN
1985# define Perl_isnan(x) isnan(x)
1986# endif
1987# endif
1988# ifndef Perl_isinf
1989# if defined(HAS_ISINF)
1990# define Perl_isinf(x) isinf(x)
1991# endif
1992# endif
1993# ifndef Perl_isfinite
1994# ifdef HAS_ISFINITE
1995# define Perl_isfinite(x) isfinite(x)
1996# elif defined(HAS_FINITE)
1997# define Perl_isfinite(x) finite(x)
1998# endif
1999# endif
758a5d79
JH
2000#endif
2001
f279e099
JH
2002/* Solaris and IRIX have fpclass/fpclassl, but they are using
2003 * an enum typedef, not cpp symbols, and Configure doesn't detect that.
2004 * Define one symbol also as a cpp symbol so we can detect it. */
2005#if defined(__sun) || defined(__irix__) /* XXX Configure test instead */
2006# define FP_SNAN FP_SNAN
2007#endif
205f51d8 2008
758a5d79 2009#if !defined(Perl_fp_class) && (defined(HAS_FPCLASS)||defined(HAS_FPCLASSL))
f279e099 2010# include <math.h>
758a5d79
JH
2011# ifdef I_IEEFP
2012# include <ieeefp.h>
2013# endif
2014# ifdef I_FP
2015# include <fp.h>
2016# endif
2017# if defined(USE_LONG_DOUBLE) && defined(HAS_FPCLASSL)
f279e099 2018# define Perl_fp_class(x) fpclassl(x)
758a5d79 2019# else
f279e099
JH
2020# define Perl_fp_class(x) fpclass(x)
2021# endif
2022# ifdef FP_CLASS_SNAN
2023# define Perl_fp_class_snan(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_SNAN)
2024# define Perl_fp_class_qnan(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_QNAN)
2025# define Perl_fp_class_ninf(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_NINF)
2026# define Perl_fp_class_pinf(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_PINF)
2027# define Perl_fp_class_nnorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_NNORM)
2028# define Perl_fp_class_pnorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_PNORM)
2029# define Perl_fp_class_ndenorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_NDENORM)
2030# define Perl_fp_class_pdenorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_PDENORM)
2031# define Perl_fp_class_nzero(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_NZERO)
2032# define Perl_fp_class_pzero(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_CLASS_PZERO)
2033# elif defined(FP_SNAN)
2034# define Perl_fp_class_snan(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_SNAN)
2035# define Perl_fp_class_qnan(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_QNAN)
2036# define Perl_fp_class_ninf(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_NINF)
2037# define Perl_fp_class_pinf(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PINF)
2038# define Perl_fp_class_nnorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_NNORM)
2039# define Perl_fp_class_pnorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PNORM)
2040# define Perl_fp_class_ndenorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_NDENORM)
2041# define Perl_fp_class_pdenorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PDENORM)
2042# define Perl_fp_class_nzero(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_NZERO)
2043# define Perl_fp_class_pzero(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PZERO)
758a5d79 2044# endif
758a5d79
JH
2045#endif
2046
f279e099
JH
2047/* Feel free to check with me for the SGI manpages, SGI testing,
2048 * etcetera, if you want to try getting this to work with IRIX.
2049 *
2050 * - Allen <allens@cpan.org> */
2051
21e89b5f 2052#if !defined(Perl_fp_class) && defined(HAS_FP_CLASS)
758a5d79
JH
2053# include <math.h>
2054# if !defined(FP_SNAN) && defined(I_FP_CLASS)
2055# include <fp_class.h>
2056# endif
f279e099
JH
2057# ifdef __irix__ /* XXX Configure test instead */
2058# ifdef USE_LONG_DOUBLE
2059# define Perl_fp_class(x) fp_class_l(x)
2060# else
2061# define Perl_fp_class(x) fp_class_d(x)
2062# endif
2063# else
2064# define Perl_fp_class(x) fp_class(x)
2065# endif
758a5d79
JH
2066# define Perl_fp_class_snan(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_SNAN)
2067# define Perl_fp_class_qnan(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_QNAN)
758a5d79
JH
2068# define Perl_fp_class_ninf(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_NEG_INF)
2069# define Perl_fp_class_pinf(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_POS_INF)
758a5d79
JH
2070# define Perl_fp_class_nnorm(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_NEG_NORM)
2071# define Perl_fp_class_pnorm(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_POS_NORM)
758a5d79
JH
2072# define Perl_fp_class_ndenorm(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_NEG_DENORM)
2073# define Perl_fp_class_pdenorm(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_POS_DENORM)
758a5d79
JH
2074# define Perl_fp_class_nzero(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_NEG_ZERO)
2075# define Perl_fp_class_pzero(x) (fp_class(x)==FP_POS_ZERO)
758a5d79
JH
2076#endif
2077
2078#if !defined(Perl_fp_class) && defined(HAS_FPCLASSIFY)
2079# include <math.h>
2080# define Perl_fp_class(x) fpclassify(x)
1a322af2
JH
2081# define Perl_fp_class_inf(x) (fpclassify(x)==FP_INFINITE)
2082# define Perl_fp_class_snan(x) (fpclassify(x)==FP_SNAN)
2083# define Perl_fp_class_qnan(x) (fpclassify(x)==FP_QNAN)
2084# define Perl_fp_class_norm(x) (fpclassify(x)==FP_NORMAL)
2085# define Perl_fp_class_denorm(x) (fpclassify(x)==FP_SUBNORMAL)
2086# define Perl_fp_class_zero(x) (fpclassify(x)==FP_ZERO)
758a5d79
JH
2087#endif
2088
2089#if !defined(Perl_fp_class) && defined(HAS_CLASS)
2090# include <math.h>
2091# ifndef _cplusplus
2092# define Perl_fp_class(x) class(x)
2093# else
2094# define Perl_fp_class(x) _class(x)
2095# endif
2096# define Perl_fp_class_snan(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_NANS)
2097# define Perl_fp_class_qnan(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_NANQ)
758a5d79
JH
2098# define Perl_fp_class_ninf(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_MINUS_INF)
2099# define Perl_fp_class_pinf(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PLUS_INF)
758a5d79
JH
2100# define Perl_fp_class_nnorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_MINUS_NORM)
2101# define Perl_fp_class_pnorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PLUS_NORM)
758a5d79
JH
2102# define Perl_fp_class_ndenorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_MINUS_DENORM)
2103# define Perl_fp_class_pdenorm(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PLUS_DENORM)
758a5d79
JH
2104# define Perl_fp_class_nzero(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_MINUS_ZERO)
2105# define Perl_fp_class_pzero(x) (Perl_fp_class(x)==FP_PLUS_ZERO)
758a5d79
JH
2106#endif
2107
796ea9ea
JH
2108#ifdef WIN32
2109# ifndef Perl_isnan
2110# define Perl_isnan(x) _isnan(x)
2111# endif
2112# ifndef Perl_isfinite
2113# define Perl_isfinite(x) _finite(x)
2114# endif
2115# ifndef Perl_fp_class_snan
2116# define Perl_fp_class_snan(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_SNAN)
2117# define Perl_fp_class_qnan(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_QNAN)
2118# define Perl_fp_class_nan(x) (_fpclass(x) & (_FPCLASS_QNAN|_FPCLASS_QNAN))
2119# define Perl_fp_class_ninf(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_NINF))
2120# define Perl_fp_class_pinf(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_PINF))
2121# define Perl_fp_class_inf(x) (_fpclass(x) & (_FPCLASS_NINF|_FPCLASS_PINF))
2122# define Perl_fp_class_nnorm(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_NN)
2123# define Perl_fp_class_pnorm(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_PN)
2124# define Perl_fp_class_norm(x) (_fpclass(x) & (_FPCLASS_NN|_FPCLASS_PN))
2125# define Perl_fp_class_ndenorm(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_ND)
2126# define Perl_fp_class_pdenorm(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_PD)
2127# define Perl_fp_class_denorm(x) (_fpclass(x) & (_FPCLASS_ND|_FPCLASS_PD))
2128# define Perl_fp_class_nzero(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_NZ)
2129# define Perl_fp_class_pzero(x) (_fpclass(x) & _FPCLASS_PZ)
2130# define Perl_fp_class_zero(x) (_fpclass(x) & (_FPCLASS_NZ|_FPCLASS_PZ))
2131# endif
f279e099
JH
2132#endif
2133
2134#if !defined(Perl_fp_class_inf) && \
2135 defined(Perl_fp_class_pinf) && defined(Perl_fp_class_ninf)
2136# define Perl_fp_class_inf(x) \
2137 (Perl_fp_class_pinf(x) || Perl_fp_class_ninf(x))
2138#endif
2139
2140#if !defined(Perl_fp_class_nan) && \
2141 defined(Perl_fp_class_snan) && defined(Perl_fp_class_qnan)
2142# define Perl_fp_class_nan(x) \
2143 (Perl_fp_class_snan(x) || Perl_fp_class_qnan(x))
2144#endif
2145
2146#if !defined(Perl_fp_class_zero) && \
2147 defined(Perl_fp_class_pzero) && defined(Perl_fp_class_nzero)
2148# define Perl_fp_class_zero(x) \
2149 (Perl_fp_class_pzero(x) || Perl_fp_class_nzero(x))
2150#endif
2151
2152#if !defined(Perl_fp_class_norm) && \
2153 defined(Perl_fp_class_pnorm) && defined(Perl_fp_class_nnorm)
2154# define Perl_fp_class_norm(x) \
2155 (Perl_fp_class_pnorm(x) || Perl_fp_class_nnorm(x))
2156#endif
2157
2158#if !defined(Perl_fp_class_denorm) && \
2159 defined(Perl_fp_class_pdenorm) && defined(Perl_fp_class_ndenorm)
2160# define Perl_fp_class_denorm(x) \
2161 (Perl_fp_class_pdenorm(x) || Perl_fp_class_ndenorm(x))
796ea9ea 2162#endif
758a5d79 2163
1a322af2
JH
2164#ifdef UNDER_CE
2165int isnan(double d);
2166#endif
2167
758a5d79 2168#ifndef Perl_isnan
1a322af2
JH
2169# ifdef Perl_fp_class_nan
2170# define Perl_isnan(x) Perl_fp_class_nan(x)
758a5d79 2171# else
1a322af2
JH
2172# ifdef HAS_UNORDERED
2173# define Perl_isnan(x) unordered((x), 0.0)
758a5d79 2174# else
1a322af2 2175# define Perl_isnan(x) ((x)!=(x))
758a5d79
JH
2176# endif
2177# endif
2178#endif
2179
1a322af2
JH
2180#ifndef Perl_isinf
2181# ifdef Perl_fp_class_inf
2182# define Perl_isinf(x) Perl_fp_class_inf(x)
2183# endif
ca6c63e1
JH
2184#endif
2185
758a5d79 2186#ifndef Perl_isfinite
4efd38a4 2187# ifdef HAS_ISFINITE
87190886 2188# define Perl_isfinite(x) isfinite((double)x)
4efd38a4 2189# elif defined(HAS_FINITE)
87190886 2190# define Perl_isfinite(x) finite((double)x)
4efd38a4
JH
2191# elif defined(Perl_fp_class_finite)
2192# define Perl_isfinite(x) Perl_fp_class_finite(x)
2193# elif defined(Perl_is_inf) && defined(Perl_is_nan)
2194# define Perl_isfinite(x) !(Perl_is_inf(x)||Perl_is_nan(x))
758a5d79 2195# else
4efd38a4
JH
2196/* NaN*0 is NaN, [+-]Inf*0 is NaN, zero for anything else. */
2197# define Perl_isfinite(x) (((x) * 0) == 0)
a3540c92 2198# endif
65202027
DS
2199#endif
2200
87190886 2201#ifndef Perl_isinf
d074b8ed
JH
2202# if defined(Perl_fp_class_inf)
2203# define Perl_isinf(x) Perl_fp_class_inf(x)
2204# elif defined(Perl_isfinite) && defined(Perl_isnan)
87190886
JH
2205# define Perl_isinf(x) !(Perl_isfinite(x)||Perl_isnan(x))
2206# endif
2207#endif
2208
a36244b7
JH
2209/* The default is to use Perl's own atof() implementation (in numeric.c).
2210 * Usually that is the one to use but for some platforms (e.g. UNICOS)
2211 * it is however best to use the native implementation of atof.
2212 * You can experiment with using your native one by -DUSE_PERL_ATOF=0.
2213 * Some good tests to try out with either setting are t/base/num.t,
205f51d8
AS
2214 * t/op/numconvert.t, and t/op/pack.t. Note that if using long doubles
2215 * you may need to be using a different function than atof! */
a36244b7
JH
2216
2217#ifndef USE_PERL_ATOF
2218# ifndef _UNICOS
2219# define USE_PERL_ATOF
2220# endif
2221#else
2222# if USE_PERL_ATOF == 0
2223# undef USE_PERL_ATOF
2224# endif
2225#endif
2226
2227#ifdef USE_PERL_ATOF
2228# define Perl_atof(s) Perl_my_atof(s)
2229# define Perl_atof2(s, n) Perl_my_atof2(aTHX_ (s), &(n))
2230#else
2231# define Perl_atof(s) (NV)atof(s)
2232# define Perl_atof2(s, n) ((n) = atof(s))
2233#endif
cf2093f6 2234
d460ef45 2235/* Previously these definitions used hardcoded figures.
760ac839
LW
2236 * It is hoped these formula are more portable, although
2237 * no data one way or another is presently known to me.
2238 * The "PERL_" names are used because these calculated constants
2239 * do not meet the ANSI requirements for LONG_MAX, etc., which
2240 * need to be constants acceptable to #if - kja
2241 * define PERL_LONG_MAX 2147483647L
2242 * define PERL_LONG_MIN (-LONG_MAX - 1)
2243 * define PERL ULONG_MAX 4294967295L
2244 */
2245
2246#ifdef I_LIMITS /* Needed for cast_xxx() functions below. */
2247# include <limits.h>
760ac839 2248#endif
205f51d8 2249/* Included values.h above if necessary; still including limits.h down here,
486ec47a 2250 * despite doing above, because math.h might have overridden... XXX - Allen */
760ac839 2251
99abf803
PP
2252/*
2253 * Try to figure out max and min values for the integral types. THE CORRECT
2254 * SOLUTION TO THIS MESS: ADAPT enquire.c FROM GCC INTO CONFIGURE. The
2255 * following hacks are used if neither limits.h or values.h provide them:
2256 * U<TYPE>_MAX: for types >= int: ~(unsigned TYPE)0
2257 * for types < int: (unsigned TYPE)~(unsigned)0
2258 * The argument to ~ must be unsigned so that later signed->unsigned
2259 * conversion can't modify the value's bit pattern (e.g. -0 -> +0),
2260 * and it must not be smaller than int because ~ does integral promotion.
2261 * <type>_MAX: (<type>) (U<type>_MAX >> 1)
2262 * <type>_MIN: -<type>_MAX - <is_twos_complement_architecture: (3 & -1) == 3>.
2263 * The latter is a hack which happens to work on some machines but
2264 * does *not* catch any random system, or things like integer types
2265 * with NaN if that is possible.
2266 *
2267 * All of the types are explicitly cast to prevent accidental loss of
2268 * numeric range, and in the hope that they will be less likely to confuse
2269 * over-eager optimizers.
2270 *
2271 */
27d4fb96 2272
99abf803
PP
2273#define PERL_UCHAR_MIN ((unsigned char)0)
2274
2275#ifdef UCHAR_MAX
2276# define PERL_UCHAR_MAX ((unsigned char)UCHAR_MAX)
27d4fb96 2277#else
99abf803
PP
2278# ifdef MAXUCHAR
2279# define PERL_UCHAR_MAX ((unsigned char)MAXUCHAR)
27d4fb96 2280# else
99abf803 2281# define PERL_UCHAR_MAX ((unsigned char)~(unsigned)0)
27d4fb96
PP
2282# endif
2283#endif
d460ef45 2284
99abf803
PP
2285/*
2286 * CHAR_MIN and CHAR_MAX are not included here, as the (char) type may be
2287 * ambiguous. It may be equivalent to (signed char) or (unsigned char)
2288 * depending on local options. Until Configure detects this (or at least
2289 * detects whether the "signed" keyword is available) the CHAR ranges
2290 * will not be included. UCHAR functions normally.
2291 * - kja
2292 */
27d4fb96 2293
99abf803
PP
2294#define PERL_USHORT_MIN ((unsigned short)0)
2295
2296#ifdef USHORT_MAX
2297# define PERL_USHORT_MAX ((unsigned short)USHORT_MAX)
27d4fb96 2298#else
99abf803
PP
2299# ifdef MAXUSHORT
2300# define PERL_USHORT_MAX ((unsigned short)MAXUSHORT)
27d4fb96 2301# else
ef2f54b0
CB
2302# ifdef USHRT_MAX
2303# define PERL_USHORT_MAX ((unsigned short)USHRT_MAX)
2304# else
2305# define PERL_USHORT_MAX ((unsigned short)~(unsigned)0)
2306# endif
27d4fb96
PP
2307# endif
2308#endif
2309
27d4fb96 2310#ifdef SHORT_MAX
99abf803 2311# define PERL_SHORT_MAX ((short)SHORT_MAX)
27d4fb96
PP
2312#else
2313# ifdef MAXSHORT /* Often used in <values.h> */
99abf803 2314# define PERL_SHORT_MAX ((short)MAXSHORT)
27d4fb96 2315# else
ef2f54b0
CB
2316# ifdef SHRT_MAX
2317# define PERL_SHORT_MAX ((short)SHRT_MAX)
2318# else
2319# define PERL_SHORT_MAX ((short) (PERL_USHORT_MAX >> 1))
2320# endif
27d4fb96
PP
2321# endif
2322#endif
2323
2324#ifdef SHORT_MIN
99abf803 2325# define PERL_SHORT_MIN ((short)SHORT_MIN)
27d4fb96
PP
2326#else
2327# ifdef MINSHORT
99abf803 2328# define PERL_SHORT_MIN ((short)MINSHORT)
27d4fb96 2329# else
ef2f54b0
CB
2330# ifdef SHRT_MIN
2331# define PERL_SHORT_MIN ((short)SHRT_MIN)
2332# else
2333# define PERL_SHORT_MIN (-PERL_SHORT_MAX - ((3 & -1) == 3))
2334# endif
27d4fb96
PP
2335# endif
2336#endif
2337
99abf803
PP
2338#ifdef UINT_MAX
2339# define PERL_UINT_MAX ((unsigned int)UINT_MAX)
27d4fb96 2340#else
99abf803
PP
2341# ifdef MAXUINT
2342# define PERL_UINT_MAX ((unsigned int)MAXUINT)
27d4fb96 2343# else
99abf803 2344# define PERL_UINT_MAX (~(unsigned int)0)
27d4fb96
PP
2345# endif
2346#endif
2347
99abf803 2348#define PERL_UINT_MIN ((unsigned int)0)
27d4fb96
PP
2349
2350#ifdef INT_MAX
99abf803 2351# define PERL_INT_MAX ((int)INT_MAX)
27d4fb96
PP
2352#else
2353# ifdef MAXINT /* Often used in <values.h> */
99abf803 2354# define PERL_INT_MAX ((int)MAXINT)
27d4fb96 2355# else
99abf803 2356# define PERL_INT_MAX ((int)(PERL_UINT_MAX >> 1))
27d4fb96
PP
2357# endif
2358#endif
2359
2360#ifdef INT_MIN
99abf803 2361# define PERL_INT_MIN ((int)INT_MIN)
27d4fb96
PP
2362#else
2363# ifdef MININT
99abf803 2364# define PERL_INT_MIN ((int)MININT)
27d4fb96
PP
2365# else
2366# define PERL_INT_MIN (-PERL_INT_MAX - ((3 & -1) == 3))
2367# endif
2368#endif
2369
99abf803
PP
2370#ifdef ULONG_MAX
2371# define PERL_ULONG_MAX ((unsigned long)ULONG_MAX)
27d4fb96 2372#else
99abf803
PP
2373# ifdef MAXULONG
2374# define PERL_ULONG_MAX ((unsigned long)MAXULONG)
27d4fb96 2375# else
99abf803 2376# define PERL_ULONG_MAX (~(unsigned long)0)
27d4fb96
PP
2377# endif
2378#endif
2379
99abf803 2380#define PERL_ULONG_MIN ((unsigned long)0L)
27d4fb96 2381
760ac839 2382#ifdef LONG_MAX
99abf803 2383# define PERL_LONG_MAX ((long)LONG_MAX)
760ac839
LW
2384#else
2385# ifdef MAXLONG /* Often used in <values.h> */
99abf803 2386# define PERL_LONG_MAX ((long)MAXLONG)
760ac839 2387# else
99abf803 2388# define PERL_LONG_MAX ((long) (PERL_ULONG_MAX >> 1))
760ac839
LW
2389# endif
2390#endif
2391
2392#ifdef LONG_MIN
99abf803 2393# define PERL_LONG_MIN ((long)LONG_MIN)
760ac839
LW
2394#else
2395# ifdef MINLONG
99abf803 2396# define PERL_LONG_MIN ((long)MINLONG)
760ac839 2397# else
27d4fb96 2398# define PERL_LONG_MIN (-PERL_LONG_MAX - ((3 & -1) == 3))
760ac839
LW
2399# endif
2400#endif
2401
d7d93a81 2402#ifdef UV_IS_QUAD
99abf803 2403
99abf803 2404# define PERL_UQUAD_MAX (~(UV)0)
f1c3b19a 2405# define PERL_UQUAD_MIN ((UV)0)
99abf803 2406# define PERL_QUAD_MAX ((IV) (PERL_UQUAD_MAX >> 1))
a6e633de 2407# define PERL_QUAD_MIN (-PERL_QUAD_MAX - ((3 & -1) == 3))
27d4fb96 2408
79072805
LW
2409#endif
2410
ee0007ab 2411typedef MEM_SIZE STRLEN;
450a55e4 2412
79072805
LW
2413typedef struct op OP;
2414typedef struct cop COP;
2415typedef struct unop UNOP;
2416typedef struct binop BINOP;
2417typedef struct listop LISTOP;
2418typedef struct logop LOGOP;
79072805
LW
2419typedef struct pmop PMOP;
2420typedef struct svop SVOP;
7934575e 2421typedef struct padop PADOP;
79072805 2422typedef struct pvop PVOP;
79072805
LW
2423typedef struct loop LOOP;
2424
7aef8e5b 2425#ifdef PERL_CORE
8be227ab
FC
2426typedef struct opslab OPSLAB;
2427typedef struct opslot OPSLOT;
2428#endif
2429
52db365a 2430typedef struct block_hooks BHK;
1830b3d9 2431typedef struct custom_op XOP;
52db365a 2432
cd1541b2
NC
2433typedef struct interpreter PerlInterpreter;
2434
d2b3f365 2435/* SGI's <sys/sema.h> has struct sv */
cc3315ba 2436#if defined(__sgi)
d2b3f365 2437# define STRUCT_SV perl_sv
b8d3c5db
JH
2438#else
2439# define STRUCT_SV sv
2440#endif
2441typedef struct STRUCT_SV SV;
79072805
LW
2442typedef struct av AV;
2443typedef struct hv HV;
2444typedef struct cv CV;
d2f13c59 2445typedef struct p5rx REGEXP;
79072805 2446typedef struct gp GP;
0c30d9ec 2447typedef struct gv GV;
8990e307 2448typedef struct io IO;
c09156bb 2449typedef struct context PERL_CONTEXT;
79072805
LW
2450typedef struct block BLOCK;
2451
2452typedef struct magic MAGIC;
2453typedef struct xpv XPV;
2454typedef struct xpviv XPVIV;
ff68c719 2455typedef struct xpvuv XPVUV;
79072805
LW
2456typedef struct xpvnv XPVNV;
2457typedef struct xpvmg XPVMG;
2458typedef struct xpvlv XPVLV;
d361b004 2459typedef struct xpvinvlist XINVLIST;
79072805
LW
2460typedef struct xpvav XPVAV;
2461typedef struct xpvhv XPVHV;
2462typedef struct xpvgv XPVGV;
2463typedef struct xpvcv XPVCV;
2464typedef struct xpvbm XPVBM;
2465typedef struct xpvfm XPVFM;
8990e307 2466typedef struct xpvio XPVIO;
79072805
LW
2467typedef struct mgvtbl MGVTBL;
2468typedef union any ANY;
5f7fde29
GS
2469typedef struct ptr_tbl_ent PTR_TBL_ENT_t;
2470typedef struct ptr_tbl PTR_TBL_t;
8cf8f3d1
NIS
2471typedef struct clone_params CLONE_PARAMS;
2472
35e035cc 2473/* a pad or name pad is currently just an AV; but that might change,
7261499d
FC
2474 * so hide the type. */
2475typedef struct padlist PADLIST;
67634234 2476typedef AV PAD;
35e035cc
FC
2477typedef AV PADNAMELIST;
2478typedef SV PADNAME;
67634234 2479
13b0f67d
DM
2480/* enable PERL_NEW_COPY_ON_WRITE by default */
2481#if !defined(PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE) && !defined(PERL_NEW_COPY_ON_WRITE) && !defined(PERL_NO_COW)
2482# define PERL_NEW_COPY_ON_WRITE
2483#endif
07d01d6e 2484
db2c6cb3
FC
2485#if defined(PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE) || defined(PERL_NEW_COPY_ON_WRITE)
2486# if defined(PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE) && defined(PERL_NEW_COPY_ON_WRITE)
2487# error PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE and PERL_NEW_COPY_ON_WRITE are exclusive
2488# else
2489# define PERL_ANY_COW
2490# endif
9f351b45
DM
2491#else
2492# define PERL_SAWAMPERSAND
db2c6cb3
FC
2493#endif
2494
378cc40b 2495#include "handy.h"
a0d0e21e 2496
6b8eaf93 2497#if defined(USE_LARGE_FILES) && !defined(NO_64_BIT_RAWIO)
6b8eaf93
JH
2498# if LSEEKSIZE == 8 && !defined(USE_64_BIT_RAWIO)
2499# define USE_64_BIT_RAWIO /* implicit */
2500# endif
4564133c
JH
2501#endif
2502
6b8eaf93
JH
2503/* Notice the use of HAS_FSEEKO: now we are obligated to always use
2504 * fseeko/ftello if possible. Don't go #defining ftell to ftello yourself,
2505 * however, because operating systems like to do that themself. */
2506#ifndef FSEEKSIZE
2507# ifdef HAS_FSEEKO
2508# define FSEEKSIZE LSEEKSIZE
2509# else
2510# define FSEEKSIZE LONGSIZE
d460ef45 2511# endif
6b8eaf93
JH
2512#endif
2513
2514#if defined(USE_LARGE_FILES) && !defined(NO_64_BIT_STDIO)
6b8eaf93
JH
2515# if FSEEKSIZE == 8 && !defined(USE_64_BIT_STDIO)
2516# define USE_64_BIT_STDIO /* implicit */
2517# endif
2518#endif
4564133c 2519
09458382 2520#ifdef USE_64_BIT_RAWIO
d9b3e12d
JH
2521# ifdef HAS_OFF64_T
2522# undef Off_t
2523# define Off_t off64_t
2524# undef LSEEKSIZE
2525# define LSEEKSIZE 8
5ff3f7a4 2526# endif
d9b3e12d
JH
2527/* Most 64-bit environments have defines like _LARGEFILE_SOURCE that
2528 * will trigger defines like the ones below. Some 64-bit environments,
09458382 2529 * however, do not. Therefore we have to explicitly mix and match. */
d9b3e12d
JH
2530# if defined(USE_OPEN64)
2531# define open open64
5ff3f7a4 2532# endif
d9b3e12d
JH
2533# if defined(USE_LSEEK64)
2534# define lseek lseek64
6b8eaf93
JH
2535# else
2536# if defined(USE_LLSEEK)
2537# define lseek llseek
2538# endif
d9b3e12d
JH
2539# endif
2540# if defined(USE_STAT64)
2541# define stat stat64
2542# endif
2543# if defined(USE_FSTAT64)
2544# define fstat fstat64
2545# endif
2546# if defined(USE_LSTAT64)
2547# define lstat lstat64
2548# endif
2549# if defined(USE_FLOCK64)
2550# define flock flock64
2551# endif
2552# if defined(USE_LOCKF64)
2553# define lockf lockf64
2554# endif
2555# if defined(USE_FCNTL64)
2556# define fcntl fcntl64
2557# endif
2558# if defined(USE_TRUNCATE64)
2559# define truncate truncate64
2560# endif
2561# if defined(USE_FTRUNCATE64)
2562# define ftruncate ftruncate64
2563# endif
2564#endif
2565
2566#ifdef USE_64_BIT_STDIO
2567# ifdef HAS_FPOS64_T
2568# undef Fpos_t
2569# define Fpos_t fpos64_t
2570# endif
2571/* Most 64-bit environments have defines like _LARGEFILE_SOURCE that
2572 * will trigger defines like the ones below. Some 64-bit environments,
2573 * however, do not. */
2574# if defined(USE_FOPEN64)
2575# define fopen fopen64
2576# endif
2577# if defined(USE_FSEEK64)
6b8eaf93 2578# define fseek fseek64 /* don't do fseeko here, see perlio.c */
d9b3e12d
JH
2579# endif
2580# if defined(USE_FTELL64)
6b8eaf93 2581# define ftell ftell64 /* don't do ftello here, see perlio.c */
d9b3e12d
JH
2582# endif
2583# if defined(USE_FSETPOS64)
2584# define fsetpos fsetpos64
2585# endif
2586# if defined(USE_FGETPOS64)
2587# define fgetpos fgetpos64
2588# endif
2589# if defined(USE_TMPFILE64)
2590# define tmpfile tmpfile64
2591# endif
2592# if defined(USE_FREOPEN64)
2593# define freopen freopen64
5ff3f7a4
GS
2594# endif
2595#endif
2596
e37778c2 2597#if defined(OS2)
2c2d71f5
JH
2598# include "iperlsys.h"
2599#endif
2600
748a9306 2601#ifdef DOSISH
19848b3f
JH
2602# if defined(OS2)
2603# include "os2ish.h"
2604# else
2605# include "dosish.h"
2606# endif
009819bb 2607#elif defined(VMS)
748a9306 2608# include "vmsish.h"
009819bb 2609#elif defined(PLAN9)
19848b3f 2610# include "./plan9/plan9ish.h"
009819bb 2611#elif defined(__VOS__)
196918b0
PG
2612# ifdef __GNUC__
2613# include "./vos/vosish.h"
2614# else
2615# include "vos/vosish.h"
2616# endif
009819bb 2617#elif defined(__SYMBIAN32__)
27da23d5 2618# include "symbian/symbianish.h"
009819bb 2619#elif defined(__HAIKU__)
df00ff3b 2620# include "haiku/haikuish.h"
009819bb 2621#else
19848b3f 2622# include "unixish.h"
13b6e58c
JH
2623#endif
2624
2946a158
JH
2625/* NSIG logic from Configure --> */
2626/* Strange style to avoid deeply-nested #if/#else/#endif */
2627#ifndef NSIG
2628# ifdef _NSIG
2629# define NSIG (_NSIG)
2630# endif
2631#endif
2632
2633#ifndef NSIG
2634# ifdef SIGMAX
2635# define NSIG (SIGMAX+1)
2636# endif
2637#endif
2638
2639#ifndef NSIG
2640# ifdef SIG_MAX
2641# define NSIG (SIG_MAX+1)
2642# endif
2643#endif
2644
2645#ifndef NSIG
2646# ifdef _SIG_MAX
2647# define NSIG (_SIG_MAX+1)
2648# endif
2649#endif
2650
2651#ifndef NSIG
2652# ifdef MAXSIG
2653# define NSIG (MAXSIG+1)
2654# endif
2655#endif
2656
2657#ifndef NSIG
2658# ifdef MAX_SIG
2659# define NSIG (MAX_SIG+1)
2660# endif
2661#endif
2662
2663#ifndef NSIG
2664# ifdef SIGARRAYSIZE
2665# define NSIG SIGARRAYSIZE /* Assume ary[SIGARRAYSIZE] */
2666# endif
2667#endif
2668
2669#ifndef NSIG
2670# ifdef _sys_nsig
2671# define NSIG (_sys_nsig) /* Solaris 2.5 */
2672# endif
2673#endif
2674
2675/* Default to some arbitrary number that's big enough to get most
2676 of the common signals.
2677*/
2678#ifndef NSIG
2679# define NSIG 50
2680#endif
2681/* <-- NSIG logic from Configure */
2682
13b6e58c
JH
2683#ifndef NO_ENVIRON_ARRAY
2684# define USE_ENVIRON_ARRAY
2685#endif
32f822de 2686
c77b533b
JH
2687/*
2688 * initialise to avoid floating-point exceptions from overflow, etc
2689 */
2690#ifndef PERL_FPU_INIT
2691# ifdef HAS_FPSETMASK
2692# if HAS_FLOATINGPOINT_H
2693# include <floatingpoint.h>
2694# endif
ad3a8c67
NC
2695/* Some operating systems have this as a macro, which in turn expands to a comma
2696 expression, and the last sub-expression is something that gets calculated,
2697 and then they have the gall to warn that a value computed is not used. Hence
2698 cast to void. */
2699# define PERL_FPU_INIT (void)fpsetmask(0)
c77b533b 2700# else
2f42fcb0 2701# if defined(SIGFPE) && defined(SIG_IGN) && !defined(PERL_MICRO)
7f7c3354 2702# define PERL_FPU_INIT PL_sigfpe_saved = (Sighandler_t) signal(SIGFPE, SIG_IGN)
b35112e7
CS
2703# define PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC { Sigsave_t xfpe; rsignal_save(SIGFPE, PL_sigfpe_saved, &xfpe);
2704# define PERL_FPU_POST_EXEC rsignal_restore(SIGFPE, &xfpe); }
7014c407
JH
2705# else
2706# define PERL_FPU_INIT
2f42fcb0 2707
7014c407 2708# endif
c77b533b
JH
2709# endif
2710#endif
b35112e7
CS
2711#ifndef PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC
2712# define PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC {
2713# define PERL_FPU_POST_EXEC }
2714#endif
c77b533b 2715
cbec8ebe
DM
2716#ifndef PERL_SYS_INIT3_BODY
2717# define PERL_SYS_INIT3_BODY(argvp,argcp,envp) PERL_SYS_INIT_BODY(argvp,argcp)
ed344e4f
IZ
2718#endif
2719
eb533572 2720/*
dcccc8ff
KW
2721=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
2722
4ad9e498 2723=for apidoc Am|void|PERL_SYS_INIT|int *argc|char*** argv
eb533572 2724Provides system-specific tune up of the C runtime environment necessary to
72d33970 2725run Perl interpreters. This should be called only once, before creating
eb533572
DM
2726any Perl interpreters.
2727
4ad9e498 2728=for apidoc Am|void|PERL_SYS_INIT3|int *argc|char*** argv|char*** env
eb533572 2729Provides system-specific tune up of the C runtime environment necessary to
72d33970 2730run Perl interpreters. This should be called only once, before creating
eb533572
DM
2731any Perl interpreters.
2732
2733=for apidoc Am|void|PERL_SYS_TERM|
2734Provides system-specific clean up of the C runtime environment after
72d33970 2735running Perl interpreters. This should be called only once, after
eb533572
DM
2736freeing any remaining Perl interpreters.
2737
2738=cut
2739 */
2740
cbec8ebe
DM
2741#define PERL_SYS_INIT(argc, argv) Perl_sys_init(argc, argv)
2742#define PERL_SYS_INIT3(argc, argv, env) Perl_sys_init3(argc, argv, env)
d0820ef1 2743#define PERL_SYS_TERM() Perl_sys_term()
cbec8ebe 2744
be708cc0
JH
2745#ifndef PERL_WRITE_MSG_TO_CONSOLE
2746# define PERL_WRITE_MSG_TO_CONSOLE(io, msg, len) PerlIO_write(io, msg, len)
2747#endif
2748
0f31cffe
GS
2749#ifndef MAXPATHLEN
2750# ifdef PATH_MAX
b990c8b2
JH
2751# ifdef _POSIX_PATH_MAX
2752# if PATH_MAX > _POSIX_PATH_MAX
09448d78
JH
2753/* POSIX 1990 (and pre) was ambiguous about whether PATH_MAX
2754 * included the null byte or not. Later amendments of POSIX,
2755 * XPG4, the Austin Group, and the Single UNIX Specification
2756 * all explicitly include the null byte in the PATH_MAX.
2757 * Ditto for _POSIX_PATH_MAX. */
2758# define MAXPATHLEN PATH_MAX
b990c8b2 2759# else
09448d78 2760# define MAXPATHLEN _POSIX_PATH_MAX
b990c8b2
JH
2761# endif
2762# else
2763# define MAXPATHLEN (PATH_MAX+1)
2764# endif
0f31cffe 2765# else
d552bce8 2766# define MAXPATHLEN 1024 /* Err on the large side. */
0f31cffe
GS
2767# endif
2768#endif
2769
c80263a8
SH
2770/* In case Configure was not used (we are using a "canned config"
2771 * such as Win32, or a cross-compilation setup, for example) try going
2772 * by the gcc major and minor versions. One useful URL is
2773 * http://www.ohse.de/uwe/articles/gcc-attributes.html,
2774 * but contrary to this information warn_unused_result seems
2775 * not to be in gcc 3.3.5, at least. --jhi
42bf5550
AD
2776 * Also, when building extensions with an installed perl, this allows
2777 * the user to upgrade gcc and get the right attributes, rather than
2778 * relying on the list generated at Configure time. --AD
c80263a8
SH
2779 * Set these up now otherwise we get confused when some of the <*thread.h>
2780 * includes below indirectly pull in <perlio.h> (which needs to know if we
2781 * have HASATTRIBUTE_FORMAT).
2782 */
2783
4d7c7898 2784#ifndef PERL_MICRO
fc2007d4 2785#if defined __GNUC__ && !defined(__INTEL_COMPILER)
6a387721
RGS
2786# if __GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 1 || __GNUC__ > 3 /* 3.1 -> */
2787# define HASATTRIBUTE_DEPRECATED
2788# endif
c80263a8
SH
2789# if __GNUC__ >= 3 /* 3.0 -> */ /* XXX Verify this version */
2790# define HASATTRIBUTE_FORMAT
63cdf24b
SH
2791# if defined __MINGW32__
2792# define PRINTF_FORMAT_NULL_OK
2793# endif
c80263a8
SH
2794# endif
2795# if __GNUC__ >= 3 /* 3.0 -> */
2796# define HASATTRIBUTE_MALLOC
2797# endif
2798# if __GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 3 || __GNUC__ > 3 /* 3.3 -> */
2799# define HASATTRIBUTE_NONNULL
2800# endif
2801# if __GNUC__ == 2 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 5 || __GNUC__ > 2 /* 2.5 -> */
2802# define HASATTRIBUTE_NORETURN
2803# endif
2804# if __GNUC__ >= 3 /* gcc 3.0 -> */
2805# define HASATTRIBUTE_PURE
2806# endif
42bf5550 2807# if __GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 4 || __GNUC__ > 3 /* 3.4 -> */
c80263a8
SH
2808# define HASATTRIBUTE_UNUSED
2809# endif
d324fe49
AD
2810# if __GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ == 3 && !defined(__cplusplus)
2811# define HASATTRIBUTE_UNUSED /* gcc-3.3, but not g++-3.3. */
2812# endif
c80263a8
SH
2813# if __GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 4 || __GNUC__ > 3 /* 3.4 -> */
2814# define HASATTRIBUTE_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT
2815# endif
2816#endif
00f254e2 2817#endif /* #ifndef PERL_MICRO */
c80263a8 2818
3db8f154 2819/* USE_5005THREADS needs to be after unixish.h as <pthread.h> includes
dd96f567 2820 * <sys/signal.h> which defines NSIG - which will stop inclusion of <signal.h>
32f822de
GS
2821 * this results in many functions being undeclared which bothers C++
2822 * May make sense to have threads after "*ish.h" anyway
2823 */
2824
3db8f154 2825#if defined(USE_ITHREADS)
2986a63f
JH
2826# ifdef NETWARE
2827# include <nw5thread.h>
2828# else
32f822de
GS
2829# ifdef WIN32
2830# include <win32thread.h>
2831# else
dd96f567
IZ
2832# ifdef OS2
2833# include "os2thread.h"
2834# else
7f3d1cf1 2835# ifdef I_MACH_CTHREADS
bdd66968 2836# include <mach/cthreads.h>
7f3d1cf1
BH
2837typedef cthread_t perl_os_thread;
2838typedef mutex_t perl_mutex;
2839typedef condition_t perl_cond;
2840typedef void * perl_key;
2841# else /* Posix threads */
1f5ae88c
JH
2842# ifdef I_PTHREAD
2843# include <pthread.h>
2844# endif
7f3d1cf1
BH
2845typedef pthread_t perl_os_thread;
2846typedef pthread_mutex_t perl_mutex;
2847typedef pthread_cond_t perl_cond;
2848typedef pthread_key_t perl_key;
2849# endif /* I_MACH_CTHREADS */
dd96f567 2850# endif /* OS2 */
32f822de 2851# endif /* WIN32 */
ef4abe76 2852# endif /* NETWARE */
3db8f154 2853#endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
c5be433b 2854
66a93824 2855#if defined(WIN32)
1feb2720 2856# include "win32.h"
c5be433b
GS
2857#endif
2858
2986a63f
JH
2859#ifdef NETWARE
2860# include "netware.h"
2861#endif
2862
e5218da5 2863#define STATUS_UNIX PL_statusvalue
68dc0745 2864#ifdef VMS
6b88bc9c 2865# define STATUS_NATIVE PL_statusvalue_vms
7a7fd8e0
JM
2866/*
2867 * vaxc$errno is only guaranteed to be valid if errno == EVMSERR, otherwise
ff7298cb 2868 * its contents can not be trusted. Unfortunately, Perl seems to check
7a7fd8e0
JM
2869 * it on exit, so it when PL_statusvalue_vms is updated, vaxc$errno should
2870 * be updated also.
2871 */
2872# include <stsdef.h>
2873# include <ssdef.h>
2874/* Presume this because if VMS changes it, it will require a new
2875 * set of APIs for waiting on children for binary compatibility.
2876 */
2877# define child_offset_bits (8)
2878# ifndef C_FAC_POSIX
2879# define C_FAC_POSIX 0x35A000
2880# endif
2881
2882/* STATUS_EXIT - validates and returns a NATIVE exit status code for the
2883 * platform from the existing UNIX or Native status values.
2884 */
2885
37038d91 2886# define STATUS_EXIT \
7a7fd8e0
JM
2887 (((I32)PL_statusvalue_vms == -1 ? SS$_ABORT : PL_statusvalue_vms) | \
2888 (VMSISH_HUSHED ? STS$M_INHIB_MSG : 0))
2889
7a7fd8e0 2890
fb38d079
JM
2891/* STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET - Calculate UNIX status that matches the child
2892 * exit code and shifts the UNIX value over the correct number of bits to
2893 * be a child status. Usually the number of bits is 8, but that could be
2894 * platform dependent. The NATIVE status code is presumed to have either
2895 * from a child process.
7a7fd8e0
JM
2896 */
2897
fb38d079
JM
2898/* This is complicated. The child processes return a true native VMS
2899 status which must be saved. But there is an assumption in Perl that
2900 the UNIX child status has some relationship to errno values, so
00f254e2 2901 Perl tries to translate it to text in some of the tests.
fb38d079
JM
2902 In order to get the string translation correct, for the error, errno
2903 must be EVMSERR, but that generates a different text message
2904 than what the test programs are expecting. So an errno value must
2905 be derived from the native status value when an error occurs.
2906 That will hide the true native status message. With this version of
2907 perl, the true native child status can always be retrieved so that
2908 is not a problem. But in this case, Pl_statusvalue and errno may
2909 have different values in them.
2910 */
7a7fd8e0 2911
fb38d079 2912# define STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(n) \
68dc0745 2913 STMT_START { \
2fbb330f
JM
2914 I32 evalue = (I32)n; \
2915 if (evalue == EVMSERR) { \
2916 PL_statusvalue_vms = vaxc$errno; \
2917 PL_statusvalue = evalue; \
7a7fd8e0 2918 } else { \
2fbb330f 2919 PL_statusvalue_vms = evalue; \
fb38d079 2920 if (evalue == -1) { \
3280af22 2921 PL_statusvalue = -1; \
7a7fd8e0
JM
2922 PL_statusvalue_vms = SS$_ABORT; /* Should not happen */ \
2923 } else \
fb38d079 2924 PL_statusvalue = Perl_vms_status_to_unix(evalue, 1); \
2fbb330f 2925 set_vaxc_errno(evalue); \
fb38d079
JM
2926 if ((PL_statusvalue_vms & C_FAC_POSIX) == C_FAC_POSIX) \
2927 set_errno(EVMSERR); \
2928 else set_errno(Perl_vms_status_to_unix(evalue, 0)); \
2929 PL_statusvalue = PL_statusvalue << child_offset_bits; \
2fbb330f 2930 } \
68dc0745 2931 } STMT_END
7a7fd8e0 2932
68dc0745 2933# ifdef VMSISH_STATUS
e5218da5 2934# define STATUS_CURRENT (VMSISH_STATUS ? STATUS_NATIVE : STATUS_UNIX)
68dc0745 2935# else
e5218da5 2936# define STATUS_CURRENT STATUS_UNIX
68dc0745 2937# endif
7a7fd8e0
JM
2938
2939 /* STATUS_UNIX_SET - takes a UNIX/POSIX errno value and attempts to update
2940 * the NATIVE status to an equivalent value. Can not be used to translate
2941 * exit code values as exit code values are not guaranteed to have any
2942 * relationship at all to errno values.
2943 * This is used when Perl is forcing errno to have a specific value.
2944 */
e5218da5 2945# define STATUS_UNIX_SET(n) \
68dc0745 2946 STMT_START { \
7a7fd8e0 2947 I32 evalue = (I32)n; \
0968cdad 2948 PL_statusvalue = evalue; \
3280af22 2949 if (PL_statusvalue != -1) { \
0968cdad
JM
2950 if (PL_statusvalue != EVMSERR) { \
2951 PL_statusvalue &= 0xFFFF; \
2952 if (MY_POSIX_EXIT) \
2953 PL_statusvalue_vms=PL_statusvalue ? SS$_ABORT : SS$_NORMAL;\
2954 else PL_statusvalue_vms = Perl_unix_status_to_vms(evalue); \
2955 } \
2956 else { \
2957 PL_statusvalue_vms = vaxc$errno; \
2958 } \
68dc0745 2959 } \
0968cdad
JM
2960 else PL_statusvalue_vms = SS$_ABORT; \
2961 set_vaxc_errno(PL_statusvalue_vms); \
7a7fd8e0
JM
2962 } STMT_END
2963
2964 /* STATUS_UNIX_EXIT_SET - Takes a UNIX/POSIX exit code and sets
e08e1e1d
JM
2965 * the NATIVE error status based on it.
2966 *
2967 * When in the default mode to comply with the Perl VMS documentation,
2968 * 0 is a success and any other code sets the NATIVE status to a failure
2969 * code of SS$_ABORT.
fb38d079
JM
2970 *
2971 * In the new POSIX EXIT mode, native status will be set so that the
2972 * actual exit code will can be retrieved by the calling program or
2973 * shell.
2974 *
2975 * If the exit code is not clearly a UNIX parent or child exit status,
2976 * it will be passed through as a VMS status.
7a7fd8e0
JM
2977 */
2978
fb38d079 2979# define STATUS_UNIX_EXIT_SET(n) \
7a7fd8e0
JM
2980 STMT_START { \
2981 I32 evalue = (I32)n; \
2982 PL_statusvalue = evalue; \
e08e1e1d
JM
2983 if (MY_POSIX_EXIT) { \
2984 if (evalue <= 0xFF00) { \
2985 if (evalue > 0xFF) \
2986 evalue = (evalue >> child_offset_bits) & 0xFF; \
2987 PL_statusvalue_vms = \
2988 (C_FAC_POSIX | (evalue << 3 ) | \
2989 ((evalue == 1) ? (STS$K_ERROR | STS$M_INHIB_MSG) : 1)); \
2990 } else /* forgive them Perl, for they have sinned */ \
2991 PL_statusvalue_vms = evalue; \
2992 } else { \
2993 if (evalue == 0) \
2994 PL_statusvalue_vms = SS$_NORMAL; \
2995 else if (evalue <= 0xFF00) \
2996 PL_statusvalue_vms = SS$_ABORT; \
2997 else { /* forgive them Perl, for they have sinned */ \
2998 if (evalue != EVMSERR) PL_statusvalue_vms = evalue; \
2999 else PL_statusvalue_vms = vaxc$errno; \
3000 /* And obviously used a VMS status value instead of UNIX */ \
3001 PL_statusvalue = EVMSERR; \
3002 } \
3003 set_vaxc_errno(PL_statusvalue_vms); \
3004 } \
68dc0745 3005 } STMT_END
fb38d079 3006
e08e1e1d 3007
6ac6a52b
JM
3008 /* STATUS_EXIT_SET - Takes a NATIVE/UNIX/POSIX exit code
3009 * and sets the NATIVE error status based on it. This special case
3010 * is needed to maintain compatibility with past VMS behavior.
3011 *
3012 * In the default mode on VMS, this number is passed through as
3013 * both the NATIVE and UNIX status. Which makes it different
3014 * that the STATUS_UNIX_EXIT_SET.
3015 *
3016 * In the new POSIX EXIT mode, native status will be set so that the
3017 * actual exit code will can be retrieved by the calling program or
3018 * shell.
3019 *
1a3aec58
JM
3020 * A POSIX exit code is from 0 to 255. If the exit code is higher
3021 * than this, it needs to be assumed that it is a VMS exit code and
3022 * passed through.
6ac6a52b
JM
3023 */
3024
3025# define STATUS_EXIT_SET(n) \
3026 STMT_START { \
3027 I32 evalue = (I32)n; \
3028 PL_statusvalue = evalue; \
3029 if (MY_POSIX_EXIT) \
1a3aec58
JM
3030 if (evalue > 255) PL_statusvalue_vms = evalue; else { \
3031 PL_statusvalue_vms = \
3032 (C_FAC_POSIX | (evalue << 3 ) | \
3033 ((evalue == 1) ? (STS$K_ERROR | STS$M_INHIB_MSG) : 1));} \
6ac6a52b
JM
3034 else \
3035 PL_statusvalue_vms = evalue ? evalue : SS$_NORMAL; \
3036 set_vaxc_errno(PL_statusvalue_vms); \
3037 } STMT_END
3038
fb38d079
JM
3039
3040 /* This macro forces a success status */
7a7fd8e0
JM
3041# define STATUS_ALL_SUCCESS \
3042 (PL_statusvalue = 0, PL_statusvalue_vms = SS$_NORMAL)
fb38d079
JM
3043
3044 /* This macro forces a failure status */
7a7fd8e0
JM
3045# define STATUS_ALL_FAILURE (PL_statusvalue = 1, \
3046 vaxc$errno = PL_statusvalue_vms = MY_POSIX_EXIT ? \
3047 (C_FAC_POSIX | (1 << 3) | STS$K_ERROR | STS$M_INHIB_MSG) : SS$_ABORT)
fb38d079 3048
68dc0745 3049#else
e5218da5 3050# define STATUS_NATIVE PL_statusvalue_posix
e5218da5 3051# if defined(WCOREDUMP)
37038d91 3052# define STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(n) \
e5218da5
GA
3053 STMT_START { \
3054 PL_statusvalue_posix = (n); \
3055 if (PL_statusvalue_posix == -1) \
3056 PL_statusvalue = -1; \
3057 else { \
3058 PL_statusvalue = \
3059 (WIFEXITED(PL_statusvalue_posix) ? (WEXITSTATUS(PL_statusvalue_posix) << 8) : 0) | \
3060 (WIFSIGNALED(PL_statusvalue_posix) ? (WTERMSIG(PL_statusvalue_posix) & 0x7F) : 0) | \
3061 (WIFSIGNALED(PL_statusvalue_posix) && WCOREDUMP(PL_statusvalue_posix) ? 0x80 : 0); \
3062 } \
3063 } STMT_END
3064# elif defined(WIFEXITED)
37038d91 3065# define STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(n) \
e5218da5
GA
3066 STMT_START { \
3067 PL_statusvalue_posix = (n); \
3068 if (PL_statusvalue_posix == -1) \
3069 PL_statusvalue = -1; \
3070 else { \
3071 PL_statusvalue = \
3072 (WIFEXITED(PL_statusvalue_posix) ? (WEXITSTATUS(PL_statusvalue_posix) << 8) : 0) | \
3073 (WIFSIGNALED(PL_statusvalue_posix) ? (WTERMSIG(PL_statusvalue_posix) & 0x7F) : 0); \
3074 } \
3075 } STMT_END
3076# else
37038d91 3077# define STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(n) \
e5218da5
GA
3078 STMT_START { \
3079 PL_statusvalue_posix = (n); \
3080 if (PL_statusvalue_posix == -1) \
3081 PL_statusvalue = -1; \
3082 else { \
3083 PL_statusvalue = \
3084 PL_statusvalue_posix & 0xFFFF; \
3085 } \
3086 } STMT_END
3087# endif
3088# define STATUS_UNIX_SET(n) \
68dc0745 3089 STMT_START { \
3280af22
NIS
3090 PL_statusvalue = (n); \
3091 if (PL_statusvalue != -1) \
3092 PL_statusvalue &= 0xFFFF; \
68dc0745 3093 } STMT_END
7a7fd8e0 3094# define STATUS_UNIX_EXIT_SET(n) STATUS_UNIX_SET(n)
6ac6a52b 3095# define STATUS_EXIT_SET(n) STATUS_UNIX_SET(n)
e5218da5 3096# define STATUS_CURRENT STATUS_UNIX
37038d91 3097# define STATUS_EXIT STATUS_UNIX
e5218da5
GA
3098# define STATUS_ALL_SUCCESS (PL_statusvalue = 0, PL_statusvalue_posix = 0)
3099# define STATUS_ALL_FAILURE (PL_statusvalue = 1, PL_statusvalue_posix = 1)
68dc0745
PP
3100#endif
3101
cc3604b1
GS
3102/* flags in PL_exit_flags for nature of exit() */
3103#define PERL_EXIT_EXPECTED 0x01
31d77e54 3104#define PERL_EXIT_DESTRUCT_END 0x02 /* Run END in perl_destruct */
6136213b
JGM
3105#define PERL_EXIT_WARN 0x04 /* Warn if Perl_my_exit() or Perl_my_failure_exit() called */
3106#define PERL_EXIT_ABORT 0x08 /* Call abort() if Perl_my_exit() or Perl_my_failure_exit() called */
cc3604b1 3107
b79b76e0 3108#ifndef PERL_CORE
a7cb1f99 3109/* format to use for version numbers in file/directory names */
273cf8d1 3110/* XXX move to Configure? */
b79b76e0
NC
3111/* This was only ever used for the current version, and that can be done at
3112 compile time, as PERL_FS_VERSION, so should we just delete it? */
3113# ifndef PERL_FS_VER_FMT
3114# define PERL_FS_VER_FMT "%d.%d.%d"
3115# endif
3116#endif
3117
3118#ifndef PERL_FS_VERSION
3119# define PERL_FS_VERSION PERL_VERSION_STRING
0b94c7bb
GS
3120#endif
3121
45bc9206 3122/* This defines a way to flush all output buffers. This may be a
76549fef
JH
3123 * performance issue, so we allow people to disable it. Also, if
3124 * we are using stdio, there are broken implementations of fflush(NULL)
3125 * out there, Solaris being the most prominent.
45bc9206
GS
3126 */
3127#ifndef PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD
97cb92d6 3128# if defined(USE_PERLIO) || defined(FFLUSH_NULL)
66fe083f 3129# define PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD PerlIO_flush((PerlIO*)NULL)
767df6a1
JH
3130# else
3131# ifdef FFLUSH_ALL
3132# define PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD my_fflush_all()
e2dbf222 3133# else
c5be433b 3134# define PERL_FLUSHALL_FOR_CHILD NOOP
767df6a1 3135# endif
66fe083f 3136# endif
45bc9206
GS
3137#endif
3138
7766f137
GS
3139#ifndef PERL_WAIT_FOR_CHILDREN
3140# define PERL_WAIT_FOR_CHILDREN NOOP
3141#endif
3142
ba869deb 3143/* the traditional thread-unsafe notion of "current interpreter". */
c5be433b
GS
3144#ifndef PERL_SET_INTERP
3145# define PERL_SET_INTERP(i) (PL_curinterp = (PerlInterpreter*)(i))
3146#endif
3147
3148#ifndef PERL_GET_INTERP
3149# define PERL_GET_INTERP (PL_curinterp)
3150#endif
3151
54aff467 3152#if defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT) && !defined(PERL_GET_THX)
54aff467 3153# ifdef MULTIPLICITY
ba869deb 3154# define PERL_GET_THX ((PerlInterpreter *)PERL_GET_CONTEXT)
54aff467 3155# endif
ba869deb
GS
3156# define PERL_SET_THX(t) PERL_SET_CONTEXT(t)
3157#endif
3158
00f254e2 3159/*
8896765a 3160 This replaces the previous %_ "hack" by the "%p" hacks.
0dbb1585 3161 All that is required is that the perl source does not
00f254e2
KW
3162 use "%-p" or "%-<number>p" or "%<number>p" formats.
3163 These formats will still work in perl code.
486ec47a 3164 See comments in sv.c for further details.
8896765a 3165
8896765a 3166 Robin Barker 2005-07-14
f46d31f2 3167
00f254e2 3168 No longer use %1p for VDf = %vd. RMB 2007-10-19
0dbb1585 3169*/
8896765a
RB
3170
3171#ifndef SVf_
63ce7bf0 3172# define SVf_(n) "-" STRINGIFY(n) "p"
894356b3
GS
3173#endif
3174
8896765a 3175#ifndef SVf
104abab4 3176# define SVf "-p"
d2560b70
RB
3177#endif
3178
014ead4b 3179#ifndef SVf32
8896765a 3180# define SVf32 SVf_(32)
014ead4b
RB
3181#endif
3182
3183#ifndef SVf256
8896765a
RB
3184# define SVf256 SVf_(256)
3185#endif
3186
be2597df
MHM
3187#define SVfARG(p) ((void*)(p))
3188
20023040
FC
3189#ifndef HEKf
3190# define HEKf "2p"
3191#endif
3192
b8fa5213
FC
3193/* Not ideal, but we cannot easily include a number in an already-numeric
3194 * format sequence. */
3195#ifndef HEKf256
3196# define HEKf256 "3p"
3197#endif
3198
20023040
FC
3199#define HEKfARG(p) ((void*)(p))
3200
b17a0679
FC
3201/* Takes three arguments: is_utf8, length, str */
3202#ifndef UTF8f
61608bb7 3203# define UTF8f "d%" UVuf "%4p"
b17a0679
FC
3204#endif
3205#define UTF8fARG(u,l,p) (int)cBOOL(u), (UV)(l), (void*)(p)
3206
f46d31f2 3207#ifdef PERL_CORE
486ec47a 3208/* not used; but needed for backward compatibility with XS code? - RMB */
7776bb98
RB
3209# undef UVf
3210#else
170cd9e9
NC
3211# ifndef UVf
3212# define UVf UVuf
3213# endif
d2560b70
RB
3214#endif
3215
fcdf39cf
RGS
3216#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_DEPRECATED
3217# define __attribute__deprecated__ __attribute__((deprecated))
3218#endif
0dbb1585
AL
3219#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_FORMAT
3220# define __attribute__format__(x,y,z) __attribute__((format(x,y,z)))
3221#endif
3222#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_MALLOC
77785eea 3223# define __attribute__malloc__ __attribute__((__malloc__))
f22be1b8 3224#endif
0dbb1585 3225#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_NONNULL
abb2c242 3226# define __attribute__nonnull__(a) __attribute__((nonnull(a)))
f22be1b8 3227#endif
0dbb1585 3228#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_NORETURN
abb2c242 3229# define __attribute__noreturn__ __attribute__((noreturn))
f22be1b8 3230#endif
0dbb1585 3231#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_PURE
abb2c242 3232# define __attribute__pure__ __attribute__((pure))
f22be1b8 3233#endif
0dbb1585
AL
3234#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_UNUSED
3235# define __attribute__unused__ __attribute__((unused))
3236#endif
3237#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_WARN_UNUSED_RESULT
abb2c242 3238# define __attribute__warn_unused_result__ __attribute__((warn_unused_result))
f22be1b8
JH
3239#endif
3240
0dbb1585 3241/* If we haven't defined the attributes yet, define them to blank. */
fcdf39cf
RGS
3242#ifndef __attribute__deprecated__
3243# define __attribute__deprecated__
3244#endif
0dbb1585
AL
3245#ifndef __attribute__format__
3246# define __attribute__format__(x,y,z)
3247#endif
f22be1b8 3248#ifndef __attribute__malloc__
abb2c242 3249# define __attribute__malloc__
f22be1b8
JH
3250#endif
3251#ifndef __attribute__nonnull__
abb2c242 3252# define __attribute__nonnull__(a)
f22be1b8
JH
3253#endif
3254#ifndef __attribute__noreturn__
abb2c242 3255# define __attribute__noreturn__
f22be1b8
JH
3256#endif
3257#ifndef __attribute__pure__
abb2c242 3258# define __attribute__pure__
f22be1b8 3259#endif
0dbb1585
AL
3260#ifndef __attribute__unused__
3261# define __attribute__unused__
3262#endif
f22be1b8 3263#ifndef __attribute__warn_unused_result__
abb2c242
JH
3264# define __attribute__warn_unused_result__
3265#endif
3266
cd13e623
JH
3267#if defined(DEBUGGING) && defined(I_ASSERT)
3268# include <assert.h>
3269#endif
3270
0dbb1585
AL
3271/* For functions that are marked as __attribute__noreturn__, it's not
3272 appropriate to call return. In either case, include the lint directive.
3273 */
3274#ifdef HASATTRIBUTE_NORETURN
ae103e09 3275# define NORETURN_FUNCTION_END NOT_REACHED; /* NOTREACHED */
0dbb1585 3276#else
ae103e09 3277# define NORETURN_FUNCTION_END NOT_REACHED; /* NOTREACHED */ return 0
abb2c242
JH
3278#endif
3279
cdfeb707
RB
3280/* Some OS warn on NULL format to printf */
3281#ifdef PRINTF_FORMAT_NULL_OK
3282# define __attribute__format__null_ok__(x,y,z) __attribute__format__(x,y,z)
3283#else
00f254e2 3284# define __attribute__format__null_ok__(x,y,z)
cdfeb707
RB
3285#endif
3286
635aebb7 3287#ifdef HAS_BUILTIN_EXPECT
b37c2d43
AL
3288# define EXPECT(expr,val) __builtin_expect(expr,val)
3289#else
3290# define EXPECT(expr,val) (expr)
3291#endif
6d5abc62
NC
3292#define LIKELY(cond) EXPECT(cBOOL(cond),TRUE)
3293#define UNLIKELY(cond) EXPECT(cBOOL(cond),FALSE)
635aebb7
AL
3294#ifdef HAS_BUILTIN_CHOOSE_EXPR
3295/* placeholder */
3296#endif
b37c2d43 3297
ae103e09
DD
3298
3299#ifndef __has_builtin
3300# define __has_builtin(x) 0 /* not a clang style compiler */
3301#endif
3302
3303/* ASSUME is like assert(), but it has a benefit in a release build. It is a
3304 hint to a compiler about a statement of fact in a function call free
3305 expression, which allows the compiler to generate better machine code.
3306 In a debug build, ASSUME(x) is a synonym for assert(x). ASSUME(0) means
3307 the control path is unreachable. In a for loop, ASSUME can be used to hint
3308 that a loop will run atleast X times. ASSUME is based off MSVC's __assume
3309 intrinsic function, see its documents for more details.
3310*/
3311
3312#ifndef DEBUGGING
3313# if __has_builtin(__builtin_unreachable) \
3314 || (__GNUC__ == 4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 5 || __GNUC__ > 5) /* 4.5 -> */
3315# define ASSUME(x) ((x) ? (void) 0 : __builtin_unreachable())
3316# elif defined(_MSC_VER)
3317# define ASSUME(x) __assume(x)
3318# elif defined(__ARMCC_VERSION) /* untested */
3319# define ASSUME(x) __promise(x)
3320# else
3321/* a random compiler might define assert to its own special optimization token
3322 so pass it through to C lib as a last resort */
3323# define ASSUME(x) assert(x)
3324# endif
3325#else
3326# define ASSUME(x) assert(x)
3327#endif
3328
3329#define NOT_REACHED ASSUME(0)
3330
3fc1aec6
PP
3331/* Some unistd.h's give a prototype for pause() even though
3332 HAS_PAUSE ends up undefined. This causes the #define
d2560b70 3333 below to be rejected by the compiler. Sigh.
3fc1aec6
PP
3334*/
3335#ifdef HAS_PAUSE
3336#define Pause pause
3337#else
3338#define Pause() sleep((32767<<16)+32767)
748a9306
LW
3339#endif
3340
3341#ifndef IOCPARM_LEN
3342# ifdef IOCPARM_MASK
61f1c44b 3343 /* on BSDish systems we're safe */
748a9306
LW
3344# define IOCPARM_LEN(x) (((x) >> 16) & IOCPARM_MASK)
3345# else
61f1c44b 3346# if defined(_IOC_SIZE) && defined(__GLIBC__)
301eb2f0
GA
3347 /* on Linux systems we're safe; except when we're not [perl #38223] */
3348# define IOCPARM_LEN(x) (_IOC_SIZE(x) < 256 ? 256 : _IOC_SIZE(x))
61f1c44b 3349# else
748a9306 3350 /* otherwise guess at what's safe */
61f1c44b
JVD
3351# define IOCPARM_LEN(x) 256
3352# endif
748a9306 3353# endif
a0d0e21e
LW
3354#endif
3355
1761cee5 3356#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
521e0776
GS
3357/* USEMYBINMODE
3358 * This symbol, if defined, indicates that the program should
16fe6d59 3359 * use the routine my_binmode(FILE *fp, char iotype, int mode) to insure
521e0776
GS
3360 * that a file is in "binary" mode -- that is, that no translation
3361 * of bytes occurs on read or write operations.
3362 */
36894f0b 3363# define USEMYBINMODE /**/
77a40698 3364# include <io.h> /* for setmode() prototype */
16fe6d59 3365# define my_binmode(fp, iotype, mode) \
77a40698 3366 (PerlLIO_setmode(fileno(fp), mode) != -1 ? TRUE : FALSE)
5aabfad6
PP
3367#endif
3368
88d10794
JH
3369#ifdef __CYGWIN__
3370void init_os_extras(void);
3371#endif
3372
cea2e8a9
GS
3373#ifdef UNION_ANY_DEFINITION
3374UNION_ANY_DEFINITION;
3375#else
3376union any {
3377 void* any_ptr;
3378 I32 any_i32;
ae103e09 3379 U32 any_u32;
cea2e8a9 3380 IV any_iv;
c6bf6a65 3381 UV any_uv;
cea2e8a9 3382 long any_long;
9febdf04 3383 bool any_bool;
c76ac1ee 3384 void (*any_dptr) (void*);
acfe0abc 3385 void (*any_dxptr) (pTHX_ void*);
cea2e8a9
GS
3386};
3387#endif
3388
acfe0abc 3389typedef I32 (*filter_t) (pTHX_ int, SV *, int);
cea2e8a9
GS
3390
3391#define FILTER_READ(idx, sv, len) filter_read(idx, sv, len)
5486870f
DM
3392#define FILTER_DATA(idx) \
3393 (PL_parser ? AvARRAY(PL_parser->rsfp_filters)[idx] : NULL)
3394#define FILTER_ISREADER(idx) \
3395 (PL_parser && PL_parser->rsfp_filters \
3396 && idx >= AvFILLp(PL_parser->rsfp_filters))
3397#define PERL_FILTER_EXISTS(i) \
3398 (PL_parser && PL_parser->rsfp_filters \
b9f2b683 3399 && (i) <= av_tindex(PL_parser->rsfp_filters))
cea2e8a9 3400
c5078cac
JH
3401#if defined(_AIX) && !defined(_AIX43)
3402#if defined(USE_REENTRANT) || defined(_REENTRANT) || defined(_THREAD_SAFE)
3403/* We cannot include <crypt.h> to get the struct crypt_data
3404 * because of setkey prototype problems when threading */
3405typedef struct crypt_data { /* straight from /usr/include/crypt.h */
3406 /* From OSF, Not needed in AIX
3407 char C[28], D[28];
3408 */
3409 char E[48];
3410 char KS[16][48];
3411 char block[66];
3412 char iobuf[16];
3413} CRYPTD;
3414#endif /* threading */
3415#endif /* AIX */
3416
e37778c2 3417#if !defined(OS2)
2c2d71f5
JH
3418# include "iperlsys.h"
3419#endif
504f80c1 3420
9c12f1e5 3421#ifdef __LIBCATAMOUNT__
00f254e2 3422#undef HAS_PASSWD /* unixish.h but not unixish enough. */
9c12f1e5
RGS
3423#undef HAS_GROUP
3424#define FAKE_BIT_BUCKET
3425#endif
3426
d10dc2ae
JH
3427/* [perl #22371] Algorimic Complexity Attack on Perl 5.6.1, 5.8.0.
3428 * Note that the USE_HASH_SEED and USE_HASH_SEED_EXPLICIT are *NOT*
3429 * defined by Configure, despite their names being similar to the
3430 * other defines like USE_ITHREADS. Configure in fact knows nothing
3431 * about the randomised hashes. Therefore to enable/disable the hash
3432 * randomisation defines use the Configure -Accflags=... instead. */
504f80c1 3433#if !defined(NO_HASH_SEED) && !defined(USE_HASH_SEED) && !defined(USE_HASH_SEED_EXPLICIT)
4546b9e6 3434# define USE_HASH_SEED
504f80c1
JH
3435#endif
3436
598921a7
NC
3437/* Win32 defines a type 'WORD' in windef.h. This conflicts with the enumerator
3438 * 'WORD' defined in perly.h. The yytokentype enum is only a debugging aid, so
3439 * it's not really needed.
3440 */
3441#if defined(WIN32)
3442# define YYTOKENTYPE
3443#endif
3444#include "perly.h"
3445
598921a7 3446
654eccd5
JD
3447/* macros to define bit-fields in structs. */
3448#ifndef PERL_BITFIELD8
3449# define PERL_BITFIELD8 unsigned
3450#endif
3451#ifndef PERL_BITFIELD16
3452# define PERL_BITFIELD16 unsigned
3453#endif
3454#ifndef PERL_BITFIELD32
3455# define PERL_BITFIELD32 unsigned
3456#endif
3457
79072805 3458#include "sv.h"
288b8c02 3459#include "regexp.h"
378cc40b 3460#include "util.h"
8d063cd8 3461#include "form.h"
79072805 3462#include "gv.h"
dd2155a4 3463#include "pad.h"
79072805 3464#include "cv.h"
abdd5c84 3465#include "opnames.h"
79072805 3466#include "op.h"
b3ca2e83 3467#include "hv.h"
79072805
LW
3468#include "cop.h"
3469#include "av.h"
79072805
LW
3470#include "mg.h"
3471#include "scope.h"
4438c4b7 3472#include "warnings.h"
a0ed51b3 3473#include "utf8.h"
8d063cd8 3474
0d7d409d
DM
3475/* these would be in doio.h if there was such a file */
3476#define my_stat() my_stat_flags(SV_GMAGIC)
3477#define my_lstat() my_lstat_flags(SV_GMAGIC)
3478
20f4945e 3479/* defined in sv.c, but also used in [ach]v.c */
20f4945e
MHM
3480#undef _XPV_HEAD
3481#undef _XPVMG_HEAD
3482#undef _XPVCV_COMMON
7fae4e64
GS
3483
3484typedef struct _sublex_info SUBLEXINFO;
3485struct _sublex_info {
651b5b28
NC
3486 U8 super_state; /* lexer state to save */
3487 U16 sub_inwhat; /* "lex_inwhat" to use */
7fae4e64 3488 OP *sub_op; /* "lex_op" to use */
7cc34111 3489 SV *repl; /* replacement of s/// or y/// */
7fae4e64
GS
3490};
3491
199e78b7
DM
3492#include "parser.h"
3493
455ece5e 3494typedef struct magic_state MGS; /* struct magic_state defined in mg.c */
76e3520e 3495
2260ab51
KW
3496#if defined(PERL_IN_REGCOMP_C) || defined(PERL_IN_REGEXEC_C)
3497
3498/* These have to be predeclared, as they are used in proto.h which is #included
3499 * before their definitions in regcomp.h. */
3500
3501struct scan_data_t;
7dcac5f6
KW
3502typedef struct regnode_charclass regnode_charclass;
3503
2260ab51 3504struct regnode_charclass_class;
d1d040e5
KW
3505
3506/* A hopefully less confusing name. The sub-classes are all Posix classes only
3507 * used under /l matching */
3508typedef struct regnode_charclass_class regnode_charclass_posixl;
3509
b8f7bb16 3510typedef struct regnode_ssc regnode_ssc;
09b2b2e6
KW
3511typedef struct RExC_state_t RExC_state_t;
3512struct _reg_trie_data;
76e3520e 3513
2260ab51
KW
3514#endif
3515
5f7fde29
GS
3516struct ptr_tbl_ent {
3517 struct ptr_tbl_ent* next;
53c1dcc0 3518 const void* oldval;
5f7fde29 3519 void* newval;
d18c6117
GS
3520};
3521
5f7fde29
GS
3522struct ptr_tbl {
3523 struct ptr_tbl_ent** tbl_ary;
3524 UV tbl_max;
3525 UV tbl_items;
db93c0c4
NC
3526 struct ptr_tbl_arena *tbl_arena;
3527 struct ptr_tbl_ent *tbl_arena_next;
3528 struct ptr_tbl_ent *tbl_arena_end;
d18c6117
GS
3529};
3530
fe14fcc3
LW
3531#if defined(htonl) && !defined(HAS_HTONL)
3532#define HAS_HTONL
ae986130 3533#endif
fe14fcc3
LW
3534#if defined(htons) && !defined(HAS_HTONS)
3535#define HAS_HTONS
ae986130 3536#endif
fe14fcc3
LW
3537#if defined(ntohl) && !defined(HAS_NTOHL)
3538#define HAS_NTOHL
ae986130 3539#endif
fe14fcc3
LW
3540#if defined(ntohs) && !defined(HAS_NTOHS)
3541#define HAS_NTOHS
ae986130 3542#endif
fe14fcc3 3543#ifndef HAS_HTONL
fe14fcc3
LW
3544#define HAS_HTONS
3545#define HAS_HTONL
3546#define HAS_NTOHS
3547#define HAS_NTOHL
8e2d7c44
NC
3548# if (BYTEORDER & 0xffff) == 0x4321
3549/* Big endian system, so ntohl, ntohs, htonl and htons do not need to
3550 re-order their values. However, to behave identically to the alternative
3551 implementations, they should truncate to the correct size. */
3552# define ntohl(x) ((x)&0xFFFFFFFF)
3553# define htonl(x) ntohl(x)
3554# define ntohs(x) ((x)&0xFFFF)
3555# define htons(x) ntohs(x)
e4b03fed
NC
3556# elif BYTEORDER == 0x1234 || BYTEORDER == 0x12345678
3557
3558/* Note that we can't straight out declare our own htonl and htons because
3559 the Win32 build process forcibly undefines HAS_HTONL etc for its miniperl,
3560 to avoid the overhead of initialising the socket subsystem, but the headers
3561 that *declare* the various functions are still seen. If we declare our own
3562 htonl etc they will clash with the declarations in the Win32 headers. */
3563
3564PERL_STATIC_INLINE U32
3565my_swap32(const U32 x) {
3566 return ((x & 0xFF) << 24) | ((x >> 24) & 0xFF)
3567 | ((x & 0x0000FF00) << 8) | ((x & 0x00FF0000) >> 8);
3568}
3569
3570PERL_STATIC_INLINE U16
3571my_swap16(const U16 x) {
3572 return ((x & 0xFF) << 8) | ((x >> 8) & 0xFF);
3573}
3574
3575# define htonl(x) my_swap32(x)
3576# define ntohl(x) my_swap32(x)
3577# define ntohs(x) my_swap16(x)
3578# define htons(x) my_swap16(x)
8e2d7c44 3579# else
691a44df
NC
3580# error "Unsupported byteorder"
3581/* The C pre-processor doesn't let us return the value of BYTEORDER as part of
3582 the error message. Please check the value of the macro BYTEORDER, as defined
3583 in config.h. The values of BYTEORDER we expect are
3584
3585 big endian little endian
3586 32 bit 0x4321 0x1234
3587 64 bit 0x87654321 0x12345678
3588
3589 If you have a system with a different byte order, please see
3590 pod/perlhack.pod for how to submit a patch to add supporting code.
3591*/
3592# endif
a687059c
LW
3593#endif
3594
988174c1
LW
3595/*
3596 * Little-endian byte order functions - 'v' for 'VAX', or 'reVerse'.
3597 * -DWS
3598 */
5ae72479 3599#if BYTEORDER == 0x1234 || BYTEORDER == 0x12345678
260c6fee
NC
3600/* Little endian system, so vtohl, vtohs, htovl and htovs do not need to
3601 re-order their values. However, to behave identically to the alternative
3602 implementations, they should truncate to the correct size. */
3603# define vtohl(x) ((x)&0xFFFFFFFF)
3604# define vtohs(x) ((x)&0xFFFF)
3605# define htovl(x) vtohl(x)
3606# define htovs(x) vtohs(x)
545872c5 3607#elif BYTEORDER == 0x4321 || BYTEORDER == 0x87654321
988174c1
LW
3608# define vtohl(x) ((((x)&0xFF)<<24) \
3609 +(((x)>>24)&0xFF) \
3610 +(((x)&0x0000FF00)<<8) \
3611 +(((x)&0x00FF0000)>>8) )
3612# define vtohs(x) ((((x)&0xFF)<<8) + (((x)>>8)&0xFF))
3613# define htovl(x) vtohl(x)
3614# define htovs(x) vtohs(x)
545872c5
NC
3615#else
3616# error "Unsupported byteorder"
3617/* If you have need for current perl on PDP-11 or similar, and can help test
3618 that blead keeps working on a mixed-endian system, then see
3619 pod/perlhack.pod for how to submit patches to things working again. */
2a8c3029 3620#endif
988174c1 3621
3bb7c1b4
JH
3622/* *MAX Plus 1. A floating point value.
3623 Hopefully expressed in a way that dodgy floating point can't mess up.
3624 >> 2 rather than 1, so that value is safely less than I32_MAX after 1
3625 is added to it
3626 May find that some broken compiler will want the value cast to I32.
3627 [after the shift, as signed >> may not be as secure as unsigned >>]
3628*/
3629#define I32_MAX_P1 (2.0 * (1 + (((U32)I32_MAX) >> 1)))
3630#define U32_MAX_P1 (4.0 * (1 + ((U32_MAX) >> 2)))
3631/* For compilers that can't correctly cast NVs over 0x7FFFFFFF (or
3632 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF) to an unsigned integer. In the future, sizeof(UV)
3633 may be greater than sizeof(IV), so don't assume that half max UV is max IV.
3634*/
3635#define U32_MAX_P1_HALF (2.0 * (1 + ((U32_MAX) >> 2)))
ee0007ab 3636
3bb7c1b4
JH
3637#define UV_MAX_P1 (4.0 * (1 + ((UV_MAX) >> 2)))
3638#define IV_MAX_P1 (2.0 * (1 + (((UV)IV_MAX) >> 1)))
3639#define UV_MAX_P1_HALF (2.0 * (1 + ((UV_MAX) >> 2)))
3640
3641/* This may look like unnecessary jumping through hoops, but converting
3642 out of range floating point values to integers *is* undefined behaviour,
3643 and it is starting to bite.
3644*/
3645#ifndef CAST_INLINE
65202027 3646#define I_32(what) (cast_i32((NV)(what)))
3bb7c1b4 3647#define U_32(what) (cast_ulong((NV)(what)))
65202027
DS
3648#define I_V(what) (cast_iv((NV)(what)))
3649#define U_V(what) (cast_uv((NV)(what)))
3bb7c1b4
JH
3650#else
3651#define I_32(n) ((n) < I32_MAX_P1 ? ((n) < I32_MIN ? I32_MIN : (I32) (n)) \
3652 : ((n) < U32_MAX_P1 ? (I32)(U32) (n) \
3653 : ((n) > 0 ? (I32) U32_MAX : 0 /* NaN */)))
3654#define U_32(n) ((n) < 0.0 ? ((n) < I32_MIN ? (UV) I32_MIN : (U32)(I32) (n)) \
3655 : ((n) < U32_MAX_P1 ? (U32) (n) \
3656 : ((n) > 0 ? U32_MAX : 0 /* NaN */)))
5d9574c1
DM
3657#define I_V(n) (LIKELY((n) < IV_MAX_P1) ? (UNLIKELY((n) < IV_MIN) ? IV_MIN : (IV) (n)) \
3658 : (LIKELY((n) < UV_MAX_P1) ? (IV)(UV) (n) \
3bb7c1b4 3659 : ((n) > 0 ? (IV)UV_MAX : 0 /* NaN */)))
5d9574c1
DM
3660#define U_V(n) ((n) < 0.0 ? (UNLIKELY((n) < IV_MIN) ? (UV) IV_MIN : (UV)(IV) (n)) \
3661 : (LIKELY((n) < UV_MAX_P1) ? (UV) (n) \
3bb7c1b4
JH
3662 : ((n) > 0 ? UV_MAX : 0 /* NaN */)))
3663#endif
3664
3665#define U_S(what) ((U16)U_32(what))
3666#define U_I(what) ((unsigned int)U_32(what))
3667#define U_L(what) U_32(what)
ed6116ce 3668
ed140128
AD
3669#ifdef HAS_SIGNBIT
3670# define Perl_signbit signbit
3671#endif
3672
2d4389e4
JH
3673/* These do not care about the fractional part, only about the range. */
3674#define NV_WITHIN_IV(nv) (I_V(nv) >= IV_MIN && I_V(nv) <= IV_MAX)
24db6c0d 3675#define NV_WITHIN_UV(nv) ((nv)>=0.0 && U_V(nv) >= UV_MIN && U_V(nv) <= UV_MAX)
2d4389e4 3676
25da4f38
IZ
3677/* Used with UV/IV arguments: */
3678 /* XXXX: need to speed it up */
3679#define CLUMP_2UV(iv) ((iv) < 0 ? 0 : (UV)(iv))
3680#define CLUMP_2IV(uv) ((uv) > (UV)IV_MAX ? IV_MAX : (IV)(uv))
3681
352d5a3a
LW
3682#ifndef MAXSYSFD
3683# define MAXSYSFD 2
3684#endif
ee0007ab 3685
79072805 3686#ifndef __cplusplus
e37d7e38 3687#if !(defined(WIN32) || defined(UNDER_CE) || defined(SYMBIAN))
20ce7b12
GS
3688Uid_t getuid (void);
3689Uid_t geteuid (void);
3690Gid_t getgid (void);
3691Gid_t getegid (void);
79072805 3692#endif
e1caacb4 3693#endif
8d063cd8 3694
0c30d9ec 3695#ifndef Perl_debug_log
bf49b057
GS
3696# define Perl_debug_log PerlIO_stderr()
3697#endif
3698
3699#ifndef Perl_error_log
3700# define Perl_error_log (PL_stderrgv \
6b78add2 3701 && isGV(PL_stderrgv) \
01bb7c6d 3702 && GvIOp(PL_stderrgv) \
42de951c 3703 && IoOFP(GvIOp(PL_stderrgv)) \
bf49b057
GS
3704 ? IoOFP(GvIOp(PL_stderrgv)) \
3705 : PerlIO_stderr())
0c30d9ec 3706#endif
3967c732 3707
aea4f609
DM
3708
3709#define DEBUG_p_FLAG 0x00000001 /* 1 */
3710#define DEBUG_s_FLAG 0x00000002 /* 2 */
3711#define DEBUG_l_FLAG 0x00000004 /* 4 */
3712#define DEBUG_t_FLAG 0x00000008 /* 8 */
3713#define DEBUG_o_FLAG 0x00000010 /* 16 */
3714#define DEBUG_c_FLAG 0x00000020 /* 32 */
3715#define DEBUG_P_FLAG 0x00000040 /* 64 */
3716#define DEBUG_m_FLAG 0x00000080 /* 128 */
3717#define DEBUG_f_FLAG 0x00000100 /* 256 */
3718#define DEBUG_r_FLAG 0x00000200 /* 512 */
3719#define DEBUG_x_FLAG 0x00000400 /* 1024 */
3720#define DEBUG_u_FLAG 0x00000800 /* 2048 */
88d2d28a
JC
3721/* U is reserved for Unofficial, exploratory hacking */
3722#define DEBUG_U_FLAG 0x00001000 /* 4096 */
aea4f609
DM
3723#define DEBUG_H_FLAG 0x00002000 /* 8192 */
3724#define DEBUG_X_FLAG 0x00004000 /* 16384 */
3725#define DEBUG_D_FLAG 0x00008000 /* 32768 */
56967202 3726#define DEBUG_S_FLAG 0x00010000 /* 65536 */
aea4f609 3727#define DEBUG_T_FLAG 0x00020000 /* 131072 */
04932ac8 3728#define DEBUG_R_FLAG 0x00040000 /* 262144 */
1045810a 3729#define DEBUG_J_FLAG 0x00080000 /* 524288 */
d6721266 3730#define DEBUG_v_FLAG 0x00100000 /*1048576 */
46187eeb 3731#define DEBUG_C_FLAG 0x00200000 /*2097152 */
ecae49c0 3732#define DEBUG_A_FLAG 0x00400000 /*4194304 */
a3c98653 3733#define DEBUG_q_FLAG 0x00800000 /*8388608 */
cc8773c0
CS
3734#define DEBUG_M_FLAG 0x01000000 /*16777216*/
3735#define DEBUG_B_FLAG 0x02000000 /*33554432*/
69014004
KW
3736#define DEBUG_L_FLAG 0x04000000 /*67108864*/
3737#define DEBUG_MASK 0x07FFEFFF /* mask of all the standard flags */
aea4f609
DM
3738