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1=pod
2
3=head1 NAME
4
5perlhist - the Perl history records
6
7=for RCS
8#
a3cb178b 9# $Id: perlhist.pod,v 1.31 1998/03/10 16:39:28 jhi Exp $
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10#
11=end RCS
12
13=head1 DESCRIPTION
14
15This document aims to record the Perl source code releases.
16
17=head1 INTRODUCTION
18
19Perl history in brief, by Larry Wall:
20
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21 Perl 0 introduced Perl to my officemates.
22 Perl 1 introduced Perl to the world, and changed /\(...\|...\)/ to
d516a115 23 /(...|...)/. \(Dan Faigin still hasn't forgiven me. :-\)
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24 Perl 2 introduced Henry Spencer's regular expression package.
25 Perl 3 introduced the ability to handle binary data (embedded nulls).
26 Perl 4 introduced the first Camel book. Really. We mostly just
d516a115 27 switched version numbers so the book could refer to 4.000.
cac726e9 28 Perl 5 introduced everything else, including the ability to
d516a115 29 introduce everything else.
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30
31=head1 THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
32
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33Larry Wall, Andy Dougherty, Tom Christiansen, Charles Bailey,
34Nick Ing-Simmons, Chip Salzenberg, Tim Bunce, Malcolm Beattie.
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35
36=head2 PUMPKIN?
37
38[from Porting/pumpkin.pod in the Perl source code distribution]
39
40Chip Salzenberg gets credit for that, with a nod to his cow orker,
41David Croy. We had passed around various names (baton, token, hot
42potato) but none caught on. Then, Chip asked:
43
44[begin quote]
45
46 Who has the patch pumpkin?
47
48To explain: David Croy once told me once that at a previous job,
49there was one tape drive and multiple systems that used it for backups.
50But instead of some high-tech exclusion software, they used a low-tech
51method to prevent multiple simultaneous backups: a stuffed pumpkin.
52No one was allowed to make backups unless they had the "backup pumpkin".
53
54[end quote]
55
56The name has stuck. The holder of the pumpkin is sometimes called
57the pumpking or the pumpkineer.
58
59=head1 THE RECORDS
60
61 Pump- Release Date Notes
62 king (by no means
63 comprehensive,
64 see Changes*
65 for details)
66 ===========================================================================
67
d516a115 68 Larry 0 Classified. Don't ask.
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69
70 Larry 1.000 1987-Dec-18
d516a115 71
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72 1.001..10 1988-Jan-30
73 1.011..14 1988-Feb-02
d516a115 74
cac726e9 75 Larry 2.000 1988-Jun-05
d516a115 76
cac726e9 77 2.001 1988-Jun-28
d516a115 78
cac726e9 79 Larry 3.000 1989-Oct-18
d516a115 80
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81 3.001 1989-Oct-26
82 3.002..4 1989-Nov-11
83 3.005 1989-Nov-18
84 3.006..8 1989-Dec-22
85 3.009..13 1990-Mar-02
86 3.014 1990-Mar-13
87 3.015 1990-Mar-14
88 3.016..18 1990-Mar-28
d516a115 89 3.019..27 1990-Aug-10 User subs.
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90 3.028 1990-Aug-14
91 3.029..36 1990-Oct-17
92 3.037 1990-Oct-20
93 3.040 1990-Nov-10
94 3.041 1990-Nov-13
95 3.042..43 1990-Jan-91
96 3.044 1991-Jan-12
d516a115 97
cac726e9 98 Larry 4.000 1991-Mar-21
d516a115 99
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100 4.001..3 1991-Apr-12
101 4.004..9 1991-Jun-07
102 4.010 1991-Jun-10
103 4.011..18 1991-Nov-05
d516a115 104 4.019 1991-Nov-11 Stable.
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105 4.020..33 1992-Jun-08
106 4.034 1992-Jun-11
107 4.035 1992-Jun-23
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108 Larry 4.036 1993-Feb-05 Very stable.
109
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110 5.000alpha1 1993-Jul-31
111 5.000alpha2 1993-Aug-16
112 5.000alpha3 1993-Oct-10
113 5.000alpha4 1993-???-??
114 5.000alpha5 1993-???-??
115 5.000alpha6 1993-Mar-18
116 5.003alpha7 1994-Mar-25
117 Andy 5.000alpha8 1994-Apr-04
d516a115 118 Larry 5.000alpha9 1994-May-05 ext appears.
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119 5.000alpha10 1994-???-??
120 5.000alpha11 1994-???-??
d516a115 121 Andy 5.000a11a 1994-Jul-07 To fit 14.
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122 5.000a11b 1994-Jul-14
123 5.000a11c 1994-Jul-19
124 5.000a11d 1994-Jul-22
125 Larry 5.000alpha12 1994-???-??
126 Andy 5.000a12a 1994-Aug-08
127 5.000a12b 1994-Aug-15
128 5.000a12c 1994-Aug-22
129 5.000a12d 1994-Aug-22
130 5.000a12e 1994-Aug-22
131 5.000a12f 1994-Aug-24
132 5.000a12g 1994-Aug-24
133 5.000a12h 1994-Aug-24
134 Larry 5.000beta1 1994-???-??
135 Andy 5.000b1a 1994-???-??
d516a115 136 Larry 5.000beta2 1994-Sep-14 Core slushified.
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137 Andy 5.000b2a 1994-Sep-14
138 5.000b2b 1994-Sep-17
139 5.000b2c 1994-Sep-17
140 Larry 5.000beta3 1994-???-??
141 Andy 5.000b3a 1994-Sep-18
142 5.000b3b 1994-Sep-22
143 5.000b3c 1994-Sep-23
144 5.000b3d 1994-Sep-27
145 5.000b3e 1994-Sep-28
146 5.000b3f 1994-Sep-30
147 5.000b3g 1994-Oct-04
148 Andy 5.000b3h 1994-Oct-07
d516a115 149
cac726e9 150 Larry 5.000 1994-Oct-18
d516a115 151
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152 Andy 5.000a 1994-Dec-19
153 5.000b 1995-Jan-18
154 5.000c 1995-Jan-18
155 5.000d 1995-Jan-18
156 5.000e 1995-Jan-18
157 5.000f 1995-Jan-18
158 5.000g 1995-Jan-18
159 5.000h 1995-Jan-18
160 5.000i 1995-Jan-26
161 5.000j 1995-Feb-07
162 5.000k 1995-Feb-11
163 5.000l 1995-Feb-21
164 5.000m 1995-???-??
165 5.000n 1995-Mar-07
d516a115 166
cac726e9 167 Larry 5.001 1995-Mar-13
d516a115 168
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169 Andy 5.001a 1995-Mar-15
170 5.001b 1995-Mar-31
171 5.001c 1995-Apr-07
172 5.001d 1995-Apr-14
d516a115 173 5.001e 1995-Apr-18 Stable.
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174 5.001f 1995-May-31
175 5.001g 1995-May-25
176 5.001h 1995-May-25
177 5.001i 1995-May-30
178 5.001j 1995-Jun-05
179 5.001k 1995-Jun-06
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180 5.001l 1995-Jun-06 Stable.
181 5.001m 1995-Jul-02 Very stable.
182 5.001n 1995-Oct-31 Very unstable.
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183 5.002beta1 1995-Nov-21
184 5.002b1a 1995-Nov-??
185 5.002b1b 1995-Dec-04
186 5.002b1c 1995-Dec-04
187 5.002b1d 1995-Dec-04
188 5.002b1e 1995-Dec-08
189 5.002b1f 1995-Dec-08
d516a115 190 Tom 5.002b1g 1995-Dec-21 Doc release.
cac726e9 191 Andy 5.002b1h 1996-Jan-05
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192 5.002b2 1996-Jan-14
193 Larry 5.002b3 1996-Feb-02
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194 Andy 5.002gamma 1996-Feb-11
195 Larry 5.002delta 1996-Feb-27
d516a115 196
cac726e9 197 Larry 5.002 1996-Feb-29
d516a115 198
cac726e9 199 Charles 5.002_01 1996-Mar-25
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200
201 5.003 1996-Jun-25 Security release.
202
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203 5.003_01 1996-Jul-31
204 Nick 5.003_02 1996-Aug-10
205 Andy 5.003_03 1996-Aug-28
206 5.003_04 1996-Sep-02
207 5.003_05 1996-Sep-12
208 5.003_06 1996-Oct-07
209 5.003_07 1996-Oct-10
210 Chip 5.003_08 1996-Nov-19
211 5.003_09 1996-Nov-26
212 5.003_10 1996-Nov-29
213 5.003_11 1996-Dec-06
214 5.003_12 1996-Dec-19
215 5.003_13 1996-Dec-20
216 5.003_14 1996-Dec-23
217 5.003_15 1996-Dec-23
218 5.003_16 1996-Dec-24
219 5.003_17 1996-Dec-27
220 5.003_18 1996-Dec-31
221 5.003_19 1997-Jan-04
222 5.003_20 1997-Jan-07
223 5.003_21 1997-Jan-15
224 5.003_22 1997-Jan-16
225 5.003_23 1997-Jan-25
226 5.003_24 1997-Jan-29
227 5.003_25 1997-Feb-04
228 5.003_26 1997-Feb-10
229 5.003_27 1997-Feb-18
230 5.003_28 1997-Feb-21
d516a115 231 5.003_90 1997-Feb-25 Ramping up to the 5.004 release.
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232 5.003_91 1997-Mar-01
233 5.003_92 1997-Mar-06
234 5.003_93 1997-Mar-10
235 5.003_94 1997-Mar-22
236 5.003_95 1997-Mar-25
237 5.003_96 1997-Apr-01
d516a115 238 5.003_97 1997-Apr-03 Fairly widely used.
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239 5.003_97a 1997-Apr-05
240 5.003_97b 1997-Apr-08
241 5.003_97c 1997-Apr-10
242 5.003_97d 1997-Apr-13
243 5.003_97e 1997-Apr-15
244 5.003_97f 1997-Apr-17
245 5.003_97g 1997-Apr-18
246 5.003_97h 1997-Apr-24
247 5.003_97i 1997-Apr-25
248 5.003_97j 1997-Apr-28
249 5.003_98 1997-Apr-30
250 5.003_99 1997-May-01
251 5.003_99a 1997-May-09
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252 p54rc1 1997-May-12 Release Candidates.
253 p54rc2 1997-May-14
254
255 Chip 5.004 1997-May-15 A major maintenance release.
256
257 Tim 5.004_01 1997-Jun-13 The 5.004 maintenance track.
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258 5.004_02 1997-Aug-07
259 5.004_03 1997-Sep-05
260 5.004_04 1997-Oct-15
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261
262 Malcolm 5.004_50 1997-Sep-09 The 5.005 development track.
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263 5.004_51 1997-Oct-02
264 5.004_52 1997-Oct-15
265 5.004_53 1997-Oct-16
266 5.004_54 1997-Nov-14
267 5.004_55 1997-Nov-25
268 5.004_56 1997-Dec-18
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269 5.004_57 1998-Feb-03
270 5.004_58 1998-Feb-06
271 5.004_59 1998-Feb-13
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272 5.004_60 1998-Feb-20
273 5.004_61 1998-Feb-27
274 5.004_62 1998-Mar-06
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275
276=head2 SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
277
278For example the notation "core: 212 29" in the release 1.000 means that
279it had in the core 212 kilobytes, in 29 files. The "core".."doc" are
280explained below.
281
d516a115 282 release core lib ext t doc
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283 ======================================================================
284
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285 1.000 212 29 - - - - 38 51 62 3
286 1.014 219 29 - - - - 39 52 68 4
287 2.000 309 31 2 3 - - 55 57 92 4
288 2.001 312 31 2 3 - - 55 57 94 4
289 3.000 508 36 24 11 - - 79 73 156 5
290 3.044 645 37 61 20 - - 90 74 190 6
291 4.000 635 37 59 20 - - 91 75 198 4
292 4.019 680 37 85 29 - - 98 76 199 4
293 4.036 709 37 89 30 - - 98 76 208 5
294 5.000alpha2 785 50 114 32 - - 112 86 209 5
295 5.000a3 801 50 117 33 - - 121 87 209 5
296 5.000a9 1022 56 149 43 116 29 125 90 217 6
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297 5.000a12h 978 49 140 49 205 46 152 97 228 9
298 5.000beta3h 1035 53 232 70 216 38 162 94 218 21
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299 5.000 1038 53 250 76 216 38 154 92 536 62
300 5.001m 1071 54 388 82 240 38 159 95 544 29
301 5.002 1121 54 661 101 287 43 155 94 847 35
302 5.003 1129 54 680 102 291 43 166 100 853 35
303 5.003_07 1231 60 748 106 396 53 213 137 976 39
304 5.004 1351 60 1230 136 408 51 355 161 1587 55
305 5.004_01 1356 60 1258 138 410 51 358 161 1587 55
306 5.004_04 1375 60 1294 139 413 51 394 162 1629 55
307 5.004_51 1401 61 1260 140 413 53 358 162 1594 56
308 5.004_53 1422 62 1295 141 438 70 394 162 1637 56
309 5.004_56 1501 66 1301 140 447 74 408 165 1648 57
310 5.004_59 1555 72 1317 142 448 74 424 171 1678 58
a3cb178b 311 5.004_62 1602 77 1327 144 629 92 428 173 1674 58
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312
313The "core"..."doc" mean the following files from the Perl source code
314distribution. The glob notation ** means recursively, (.) means
315regular files.
316
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317 core *.[hcy]
318 lib lib/**/*.p[ml]
319 ext ext/**/*.{[hcyt],xs,pm}
320 t t/**/*(.)
321 doc {README*,INSTALL,*[_.]man{,.?},pod/**/*.pod}
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322
323Here are some statistics for the other subdirectories and one file in
324the Perl source distribution for somewhat more selected releases.
325
326 ======================================================================
327 Legend: kB #
328
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329 1.014 2.001 3.044 4.000 4.019 4.036
330
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331 atarist - - - - - - - - - - 113 31
332 Configure 31 1 37 1 62 1 73 1 83 1 86 1
333 eg - - 34 28 47 39 47 39 47 39 47 39
334 emacs - - - - - - 67 4 67 4 67 4
335 h2pl - - - - 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
336 hints - - - - - - - - 5 42 11 56
337 msdos - - - - 41 13 57 15 58 15 60 15
338 os2 - - - - 63 22 81 29 81 29 113 31
339 usub - - - - 21 16 25 7 43 8 43 8
340 x2p 103 17 104 17 137 17 147 18 152 19 154 19
341
342 ======================================================================
343
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344 5.000a2 5.000a12h 5.000b3h 5.000 5.001m 5.002 5.003
345
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346 atarist 113 31 113 31 - - - - - - - - - -
347 bench - - 0 1 - - - - - - - - - -
348 Bugs 2 5 26 1 - - - - - - - - - -
349 dlperl 40 5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
350 do 127 71 - - - - - - - - - - - -
351 Configure - - 153 1 159 1 160 1 180 1 201 1 201 1
352 Doc - - 26 1 75 7 11 1 11 1 - - - -
353 eg 79 58 53 44 51 43 54 44 54 44 54 44 54 44
354 emacs 67 4 104 6 104 6 104 1 104 6 108 1 108 1
355 h2pl 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
356 hints 11 56 12 46 18 48 18 48 44 56 73 59 77 60
357 msdos 60 15 60 15 - - - - - - - - - -
358 os2 113 31 113 31 - - - - - - 84 17 56 10
359 U - - 62 8 112 42 - - - - - - - -
360 usub 43 8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
361 utils - - - - - - - - - - 87 7 88 7
362 vms - - 80 7 123 9 184 15 304 20 500 24 475 26
363 x2p 171 22 171 21 162 20 162 20 279 20 280 20 280 20
364
365 ======================================================================
366
a3cb178b 367 5.003_07 5.004 5.004_04 5.004_62
d516a115 368
a3cb178b 369 Configure 217 1 225 1 225 1 240 1
cac726e9 370 cygwin32 - - 23 5 23 5 23 5
a3cb178b 371 djgpp - - - - - - 14 5
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372 eg 54 44 81 62 81 62 81 62
373 emacs 143 1 194 1 204 1 212 2
374 h2pl 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
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375 hints 90 62 129 69 132 71 144 72
376 os2 117 42 121 42 127 42 127 44
cac726e9 377 plan9 79 15 82 15 82 15 82 15
a3cb178b 378 Porting 51 1 94 2 109 4 203 6
cac726e9 379 qnx - - 1 2 1 2 1 2
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380 utils 97 7 112 8 118 8 124 8
381 vms 505 27 518 34 524 34 538 34
382 win32 - - 285 33 378 36 470 39
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383 x2p 280 19 281 19 281 19 281 19
384
385=head2 SELECTED PATCH SIZES
386
387The "diff lines kb" means that for example the patch 5.003_08,
388to be applied on top 5.003_07 (or whatever was before it) added
389lines for 110 kilobytes, it removed lines for 19 kilobytes, and
390changed lines for 424 kilobytes. Just the lines themselves are
391counted, not their context. The "+ - !" become from the diff(1)s
392context diff output format.
393
394 Pump- Release Date diff lines kB
395 king + - !
396 ===========================================================================
397
398 Chip 5.003_08 1996-Nov-19 110 19 424
399 5.003_09 1996-Nov-26 38 9 248
400 5.003_10 1996-Nov-29 29 2 27
401 5.003_11 1996-Dec-06 73 12 165
402 5.003_12 1996-Dec-19 275 6 436
403 5.003_13 1996-Dec-20 95 1 56
404 5.003_14 1996-Dec-23 23 7 333
405 5.003_15 1996-Dec-23 0 0 1
406 5.003_16 1996-Dec-24 12 3 50
407 5.003_17 1996-Dec-27 19 1 14
408 5.003_18 1996-Dec-31 21 1 32
409 5.003_19 1997-Jan-04 80 3 85
410 5.003_20 1997-Jan-07 18 1 146
411 5.003_21 1997-Jan-15 38 10 221
412 5.003_22 1997-Jan-16 4 0 18
413 5.003_23 1997-Jan-25 71 15 119
414 5.003_24 1997-Jan-29 426 1 20
415 5.003_25 1997-Feb-04 21 8 169
416 5.003_26 1997-Feb-10 16 1 15
417 5.003_27 1997-Feb-18 32 10 38
418 5.003_28 1997-Feb-21 58 4 66
419 5.003_90 1997-Feb-25 22 2 34
420 5.003_91 1997-Mar-01 37 1 39
421 5.003_92 1997-Mar-06 16 3 69
422 5.003_93 1997-Mar-10 12 3 15
423 5.003_94 1997-Mar-22 407 7 200
424 5.003_95 1997-Mar-25 41 1 37
425 5.003_96 1997-Apr-01 283 5 261
426 5.003_97 1997-Apr-03 13 2 34
427 5.003_97a 1997-Apr-05 57 1 27
428 5.003_97b 1997-Apr-08 14 1 20
429 5.003_97c 1997-Apr-10 20 1 16
430 5.003_97d 1997-Apr-13 8 0 16
431 5.003_97e 1997-Apr-15 15 4 46
432 5.003_97f 1997-Apr-17 7 1 33
433 5.003_97g 1997-Apr-18 6 1 42
434 5.003_97h 1997-Apr-24 23 3 68
435 5.003_97i 1997-Apr-25 23 1 31
436 5.003_97j 1997-Apr-28 36 1 49
437 5.003_98 1997-Apr-30 171 12 539
438 5.003_99 1997-May-01 6 0 7
439 5.003_99a 1997-May-09 36 2 61
440 p54rc1 1997-May-12 8 1 11
441 p54rc2 1997-May-14 6 0 40
442
a3cb178b 443 5.004 1997-May-15 4 0 4
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444
445 Tim 5.004_01 1997-Jun-13 222 14 57
446 5.004_02 1997-Aug-07 112 16 119
447 5.004_03 1997-Sep-05 109 0 17
448 5.004_04 1997-Oct-15 66 8 173
449
450=head1 THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS
451
452Jarkko Hietaniemi <F<jhi@iki.fi>>.
453
454Thanks to the collective memory of the Perlfolk. In addition to the
455Keepers of the Pumpkin also Alan Champion, Andreas K├Ânig, John
456Macdonald, Matthias Neeracher, Michael Peppler, Randal Schwartz, and
457Paul D. Smith sent corrections and additions.
458
459=cut