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8e07c86e 1# hints/solaris_2.sh
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2# Last modified: Tue Apr 13 13:12:49 EDT 1999
3# Andy Dougherty <doughera@lafayette.edu>
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4# Based on input from lots of folks, especially
5# Dean Roehrich <roehrich@ironwood-fddi.cray.com>
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6
7# If perl fails tests that involve dynamic loading of extensions, and
8# you are using gcc, be sure that you are NOT using GNU as and ld. One
9# way to do that is to invoke Configure with
10#
11# sh Configure -Dcc='gcc -B/usr/ccs/bin/'
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12#
13# (Note that the trailing slash is *required*.)
14# gcc will occasionally emit warnings about "unused prefix", but
15# these ought to be harmless. See below for more details.
a81c337c 16
8e07c86e 17# See man vfork.
a0d0e21e 18usevfork=false
b1db1e90 19
a0d0e21e 20d_suidsafe=define
b1db1e90 21
8e07c86e 22# Avoid all libraries in /usr/ucblib.
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23set `echo $glibpth | sed -e 's@/usr/ucblib@@'`
24glibpth="$*"
b1db1e90 25
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26# Remove bad libraries. -lucb contains incompatible routines.
27# -lld doesn't do anything useful.
28# -lmalloc can cause a problem with GNU CC & Solaris. Specifically,
29# libmalloc.a may allocate memory that is only 4 byte aligned, but
30# GNU CC on the Sparc assumes that doubles are 8 byte aligned.
31# Thanks to Hallvard B. Furuseth <h.b.furuseth@usit.uio.no>
32set `echo " $libswanted " | sed -e 's@ ld @ @' -e 's@ malloc @ @' -e 's@ ucb @ @'`
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33libswanted="$*"
34
b1db1e90 35# Look for architecture name. We want to suggest a useful default.
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36case "$archname" in
37'')
38 if test -f /usr/bin/arch; then
39 archname=`/usr/bin/arch`
40 archname="${archname}-${osname}"
41 elif test -f /usr/ucb/arch; then
42 archname=`/usr/ucb/arch`
43 archname="${archname}-${osname}"
44 fi
45 ;;
46esac
a0d0e21e 47
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48######################################################
49# General sanity testing. See below for excerpts from the Solaris FAQ.
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50
51# From roehrich@ironwood-fddi.cray.com Wed Sep 27 12:51:46 1995
52# Date: Thu, 7 Sep 1995 16:31:40 -0500
53# From: Dean Roehrich <roehrich@ironwood-fddi.cray.com>
54# To: perl5-porters@africa.nicoh.com
55# Subject: Re: On perl5/solaris/gcc
56
57# Here's another draft of the perl5/solaris/gcc sanity-checker.
58
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59case `type ${cc:-cc}` in
60*/usr/ucb/cc*) cat <<END >&4
8e07c86e 61
a0d0e21e 62NOTE: Some people have reported problems with /usr/ucb/cc.
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63If you have difficulties, please make sure the directory
64containing your C compiler is before /usr/ucb in your PATH.
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65
66END
67;;
68esac
69
70
71# Check that /dev/fd is mounted. If it is not mounted, let the
72# user know that suid scripts may not work.
73/usr/bin/df /dev/fd 2>&1 > /dev/null
74case $? in
750) ;;
76*)
68dc0745 77 cat <<END >&4
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78
79NOTE: Your system does not have /dev/fd mounted. If you want to
80be able to use set-uid scripts you must ask your system administrator
81to mount /dev/fd.
82
83END
84 ;;
85esac
86
87
88# See if libucb can be found in /usr/lib. If it is, warn the user
89# that this may cause problems while building Perl extensions.
90/usr/bin/ls /usr/lib/libucb* >/dev/null 2>&1
91case $? in
920)
68dc0745 93 cat <<END >&4
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94
95NOTE: libucb has been found in /usr/lib. libucb should reside in
96/usr/ucblib. You may have trouble while building Perl extensions.
97
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98END
99;;
100esac
40000a8c 101
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102# Use shell built-in 'type' command instead of /usr/bin/which to
103# avoid possible csh start-up problems and also to use the same shell
104# we'll be using to Configure and make perl.
105# The path name is the last field in the output, but the type command
106# has an annoying array of possible outputs, e.g.:
107# make is hashed (/opt/gnu/bin/make)
108# cc is /usr/ucb/cc
109# foo not found
110# use a command like type make | awk '{print $NF}' | sed 's/[()]//g'
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111
112# See if make(1) is GNU make(1).
113# If it is, make sure the setgid bit is not set.
114make -v > make.vers 2>&1
115if grep GNU make.vers > /dev/null 2>&1; then
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116 tmp=`type make | awk '{print $NF}' | sed 's/[()]//g'`
117 case "`/usr/bin/ls -lL $tmp`" in
8e07c86e 118 ??????s*)
68dc0745 119 cat <<END >&2
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120
121NOTE: Your PATH points to GNU make, and your GNU make has the set-group-id
122bit set. You must either rearrange your PATH to put /usr/ccs/bin before the
123GNU utilities or you must ask your system administrator to disable the
124set-group-id bit on GNU make.
125
126END
127 ;;
128 esac
129fi
130rm -f make.vers
131
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132# XXX EXPERIMENTAL A.D. 2/27/1998
133# XXX This script UU/cc.cbu will get 'called-back' by Configure after it
134# XXX has prompted the user for the C compiler to use.
135cat > UU/cc.cbu <<'EOSH'
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136# If the C compiler is gcc:
137# - check the fixed-includes
138# - check as(1) and ld(1), they should not be GNU
bd89102f 139# (GNU as and ld 2.8.1 and later are reportedly ok, however.)
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140# If the C compiler is not gcc:
141# - check as(1) and ld(1), they should not be GNU
bd89102f 142# (GNU as and ld 2.8.1 and later are reportedly ok, however.)
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143#
144# Watch out in case they have not set $cc.
1acf53c5 145
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146# Perl compiled with some combinations of GNU as and ld may not
147# be able to perform dynamic loading of extensions. If you have a
148# problem with dynamic loading, be sure that you are using the Solaris
149# /usr/ccs/bin/as and /usr/ccs/bin/ld. You can do that with
150# sh Configure -Dcc='gcc -B/usr/ccs/bin/'
151# (note the trailing slash is required).
152# Combinations that are known to work with the following hints:
153#
154# gcc-2.7.2, GNU as 2.7, GNU ld 2.7
155# egcs-1.0.3, GNU as 2.9.1 and GNU ld 2.9.1
156# --Andy Dougherty <doughera@lafayette.edu>
157# Tue Apr 13 17:19:43 EDT 1999
158
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159# Get gcc to share its secrets.
160echo 'main() { return 0; }' > try.c
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161 # Indent to avoid propagation to config.sh
162 verbose=`${cc:-cc} -v -o try try.c 2>&1`
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163
164if echo "$verbose" | grep '^Reading specs from' >/dev/null 2>&1; then
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165 #
166 # Using gcc.
167 #
8e07c86e 168
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169 tmp=`echo "$verbose" | grep '^Reading' |
170 awk '{print $NF}' | sed 's/specs$/include/'`
171
172 # Determine if the fixed-includes look like they'll work.
cee5ebb5 173 # Doesn't work anymore for gcc-2.7.2.
8e07c86e 174
e766ed8d 175 # See if as(1) is GNU as(1). GNU as(1) might not work for this job.
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176 if echo "$verbose" | grep ' /usr/ccs/bin/as ' >/dev/null 2>&1; then
177 :
178 else
68dc0745 179 cat <<END >&2
8e07c86e 180
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181NOTE: You are using GNU as(1). GNU as(1) might not build Perl. If you
182have trouble, you can use /usr/ccs/bin/as by including -B/usr/ccs/bin/
bd89102f 183in your ${cc:-cc} command. (Note that the trailing "/" is required.)
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184
185END
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186 # Apparently not needed, at least for as 2.7 and later.
187 # cc="${cc:-cc} -B/usr/ccs/bin/"
1acf53c5 188 fi
8e07c86e 189
e766ed8d 190 # See if ld(1) is GNU ld(1). GNU ld(1) might not work for this job.
bd89102f 191 # Recompute $verbose since we may have just changed $cc.
d5fdf557 192 verbose=`${cc:-cc} -v -o try try.c 2>&1 | grep ld 2>&1`
e766ed8d 193
bd89102f 194 if echo "$verbose" | grep ' /usr/ccs/bin/ld ' >/dev/null 2>&1; then
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195 # Ok, gcc directly calls the Solaris /usr/ccs/bin/ld.
196 :
197 elif echo "$verbose" | grep "ld: Software Generation Utilities" >/dev/null 2>&1; then
198 # Hmm. gcc doesn't call /usr/ccs/bin/ld directly, but it
199 # does appear to be using it eventually. egcs-1.0.3's ld
200 # wrapper does this.
201 # All Solaris versions of ld I've seen contain the magic
202 # string used in the grep.
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203 :
204 else
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205 # No evidence yet of /usr/ccs/bin/ld. Some versions
206 # of egcs's ld wrapper call /usr/ccs/bin/ld in turn but
207 # apparently don't reveal that unless you pass in -V.
208 # (This may all depend on local configurations too.)
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209
210 myld=`echo $verbose| grep ld | awk '/\/ld/ {print $1}'`
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211 # This assumes that gcc's output will not change, and that
212 # /full/path/to/ld will be the first word of the output.
213 # Thus myld is something like opt/gnu/sparc-sun-solaris2.5/bin/ld
214
215 if $myld -V 2>&1 | grep "ld: Software Generation Utilities" >/dev/null 2>&1; then
216 # Ok, /usr/ccs/bin/ld eventually does get called.
217 :
218 else
219 cat <<END >&2
8e07c86e 220
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221NOTE: You are using GNU ld(1). GNU ld(1) might not build Perl. If you
222have trouble, you can use /usr/ccs/bin/ld by including -B/usr/ccs/bin/
bd89102f 223in your ${cc:-cc} command. (Note that the trailing "/" is required.)
8e07c86e 224
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225I will try to use GNU ld by passing in the -Wl,-E flag, but if that
226doesn't work, you should use -B/usr/ccs/bin/ instead.
227
8e07c86e 228END
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229 ccdlflags="$ccdlflags -Wl,-E"
230 lddlflags="$lddlflags -W,l-E -G"
231 fi
1acf53c5 232 fi
8e07c86e 233
1acf53c5 234else
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235 #
236 # Not using gcc.
237 #
8e07c86e 238
e766ed8d 239 # See if as(1) is GNU as(1). GNU might not work for this job.
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240 case `as --version < /dev/null 2>&1` in
241 *GNU*)
68dc0745 242 cat <<END >&2
8e07c86e 243
e766ed8d 244NOTE: You are using GNU as(1). GNU as(1) might not build Perl.
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245You must arrange to use /usr/ccs/bin/as, perhaps by adding /usr/ccs/bin
246to the beginning of your PATH.
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247
248END
249 ;;
250 esac
251
e766ed8d 252 # See if ld(1) is GNU ld(1). GNU ld(1) might not work for this job.
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253 # ld --version doesn't properly report itself as a GNU tool,
254 # as of ld version 2.6, so we need to be more strict. TWP 9/5/96
255 gnu_ld=false
8e07c86e 256 case `ld --version < /dev/null 2>&1` in
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257 *GNU*|ld\ version\ 2*)
258 gnu_ld=true ;;
259 *) ;;
260 esac
261 if $gnu_ld ; then :
262 else
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263 # Try to guess from path
264 case `type ld | awk '{print $NF}'` in
265 *gnu*|*GNU*|*FSF*)
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266 gnu_ld=true ;;
267 esac
268 fi
269 if $gnu_ld ; then
68dc0745 270 cat <<END >&2
8e07c86e 271
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272NOTE: You are apparently using GNU ld(1). GNU ld(1) might not build Perl.
273You should arrange to use /usr/ccs/bin/ld, perhaps by adding /usr/ccs/bin
bd89102f 274to the beginning of your PATH.
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275
276END
91d1e749 277 fi
8e07c86e 278
1acf53c5 279fi
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280
281# as --version or ld --version might dump core.
bd89102f 282rm -f try try.c
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283rm -f core
284
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285# XXX
286EOSH
287
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288# This script UU/usethreads.cbu will get 'called-back' by Configure
289# after it has prompted the user for whether to use threads.
290cat > UU/usethreads.cbu <<'EOCBU'
291case "$usethreads" in
292$define|true|[yY]*)
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293 ccflags="-D_REENTRANT $ccflags"
294
295 # sched_yield is in -lposix4
296 set `echo X "$libswanted "| sed -e 's/ c / posix4 pthread c /'`
297 shift
298 libswanted="$*"
299
300 # On Solaris 2.6 x86 there is a bug with sigsetjmp() and siglongjmp()
301 # when linked with the threads library, such that whatever positive
302 # value you pass to siglongjmp(), sigsetjmp() returns 1.
303 # Thanks to Simon Parsons <S.Parsons@ftel.co.uk> for this report.
304 # Sun BugID is 4117946, "sigsetjmp always returns 1 when called by
305 # siglongjmp in a MT program". As of 19980622, there is no patch
306 # available.
307 cat >try.c <<'EOM'
308 /* Test for sig(set|long)jmp bug. */
309 #include <setjmp.h>
310
311 main()
312 {
313 sigjmp_buf env;
314 int ret;
315
316 ret = sigsetjmp(env, 1);
317 if (ret) { return ret == 2; }
318 siglongjmp(env, 2);
319 }
320EOM
321 if test "`arch`" = i86pc -a "$osvers" = 2.6 && \
322 ${cc:-cc} try.c -lpthread >/dev/null 2>&1 && ./a.out; then
323 d_sigsetjmp=$undef
324 cat << 'EOM' >&2
325
326You will see a *** WHOA THERE!!! *** message from Configure for
327d_sigsetjmp. Keep the recommended value. See hints/solaris_2.sh
328for more information.
329
330EOM
331 fi
332 ;;
123f9af1 333esac
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334EOCBU
335
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336# This script UU/useuselargefiles.cbu will get 'called-back' by Configure
337# after it has prompted the user for whether to use large files.
338cat > UU/useuselargefiles.cbu <<'EOCBU'
bd9b35c9 339case "$uselargefiles" in
10cc9d2a 340''|$define|true|[yY]*)
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341 ccflags="$ccflags `getconf LFS_CFLAGS 2>/dev/null`"
342 ldflags="$ldflags `getconf LFS_LDFLAGS 2>/dev/null`"
343 libswanted="$libswanted `getconf LFS_LIBS 2>/dev/null|sed -e 's@^-l@@' -e 's@ -l@ @g`"
344 ;;
bd9b35c9 345esac
5fce3f1f 346EOCBU
6b8eaf93 347
10cc9d2a 348# This script UU/use64bitint.cbu will get 'called-back' by Configure
104d25b7 349# after it has prompted the user for whether to use 64 bits.
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350cat > UU/use64bitint.cbu <<'EOCBU'
351case "$use64bitint" in
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352$define|true|[yY]*)
353 case "`uname -r`" in
8e86fe69 354 2.[1-6])
104d25b7 355 cat >&4 <<EOM
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356Solaris `uname -r` does not support 64-bit integers.
357You should upgrade to at least Solaris 2.7.
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358EOM
359 exit 1
360 ;;
361 esac
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362 # When a 64-bit cc becomes available $archname64
363 # may need setting so that $archname gets it attached.
364 ;;
365esac
366EOCBU
367
10cc9d2a 368case "$use64bitall" in
6f587e79 369$define|true|[yY]*)
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370 ccflags="$ccflags `getconf XBS5_LP64_OFF64_CFLAGS`"
371 ldflags="$ccflags `getconf XBS5_LP64_OFF64_LDFLAGS`"
372 lddlflags="$lddlflags -G `getconf XBS5_LP64_OFF64_LDFLAGS`"
7b65db70 373 loclibpth="$loclibpth /usr/lib/sparcv9"
b1b472cb 374 libscheck='case "`/usr/bin/file $xxx`" in
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375*64-bit*|*SPARCV9*) ;;
376*) xxx=/no/64-bit$xxx ;;
377esac'
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378 ;;
379esac
380
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381# This is just a trick to include some useful notes.
382cat > /dev/null <<'End_of_Solaris_Notes'
383
384Here are some notes kindly contributed by Dean Roehrich.
385
386-----
387Generic notes about building Perl5 on Solaris:
388- Use /usr/ccs/bin/make.
389- If you use GNU make, remove its setgid bit.
390- Remove all instances of *ucb* from your path.
391- Make sure libucb is not in /usr/lib (it should be in /usr/ucblib).
392- Do not use GNU as or GNU ld, or any of GNU binutils or GNU libc.
393- Do not use /usr/ucb/cc.
394- Do not change Configure's default answers, except for the path names.
395- Do not use -lmalloc.
396- Do not build on SunOS 4 and expect it to work properly on SunOS 5.
397- /dev/fd must be mounted if you want set-uid scripts to work.
398
399
400Here are the gcc-related questions and answers from the Solaris 2 FAQ. Note
401the themes:
402 - run fixincludes
403 - run fixincludes correctly
404 - don't use GNU as or GNU ld
405
406Question 5.7 covers the __builtin_va_alist problem people are always seeing.
407Question 6.1.3 covers the GNU as and GNU ld issues which are always biting
408people.
409Question 6.9 is for those who are still trying to compile Perl4.
410
411The latest Solaris 2 FAQ can be found in the following locations:
412 rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet-by-group/comp.sys.sun.admin
413 ftp.fwi.uva.nl:/pub/solaris
414
415Perl5 comes with a script in the top-level directory called "myconfig" which
416will print a summary of the configuration in your config.sh. My summary for
417Solaris 2.4 and gcc 2.6.3 follows. I have also built with gcc 2.7.0 and the
418results are identical. This configuration was generated with Configure's -d
419option (take all defaults, don't bother prompting me). All tests pass for
420Perl5.001, patch.1m.
421
422Summary of my perl5 (patchlevel 1) configuration:
423 Platform:
424 osname=solaris, osver=2.4, archname=sun4-solaris
425 uname='sunos poplar 5.4 generic_101945-27 sun4d sparc '
426 hint=recommended
427 Compiler:
428 cc='gcc', optimize='-O', ld='gcc'
429 cppflags=''
430 ccflags =''
431 ldflags =''
432 stdchar='unsigned char', d_stdstdio=define, usevfork=false
433 voidflags=15, castflags=0, d_casti32=define, d_castneg=define
434 intsize=4, alignbytes=8, usemymalloc=y, randbits=15
435 Libraries:
436 so=so
437 libpth=/lib /usr/lib /usr/ccs/lib /usr/local/lib
438 libs=-lsocket -lnsl -ldl -lm -lc -lcrypt
439 libc=/usr/lib/libc.so
440 Dynamic Linking:
441 dlsrc=dl_dlopen.xs, dlext=so, d_dlsymun=undef
442 cccdlflags='-fpic', ccdlflags=' ', lddlflags='-G'
443
444
445Dean
446roehrich@cray.com
4479/7/95
448
449-----------
450
451From: Casper.Dik@Holland.Sun.COM (Casper H.S. Dik - Network Security Engineer)
452Subject: Solaris 2 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 1.48
453Date: 25 Jul 1995 12:20:18 GMT
454
4555.7) Why do I get __builtin_va_alist or __builtin_va_arg_incr undefined?
456
457 You're using gcc without properly installing the gcc fixed
458 include files. Or you ran fixincludes after installing gcc
459 w/o moving the gcc supplied varargs.h and stdarg.h files
460 out of the way and moving them back again later. This often
461 happens when people install gcc from a binary distribution.
462 If there's a tmp directory in gcc's include directory, fixincludes
463 didn't complete. You should have run "just-fixinc" instead.
464
465 Another possible cause is using ``gcc -I/usr/include.''
466
4676.1) Where is the C compiler or where can I get one?
468
469 [...]
470
471 3) Gcc.
472
473 Gcc is available from the GNU archives in source and binary
474 form. Look in a directory called sparc-sun-solaris2 for
475 binaries. You need gcc 2.3.3 or later. You should not use
476 GNU as or GNU ld. Make sure you run just-fixinc if you use
477 a binary distribution. Better is to get a binary version and
478 use that to bootstrap gcc from source.
479
480 [...]
481
482 When you install gcc, don't make the mistake of installing
483 GNU binutils or GNU libc, they are not as capable as their
484 counterparts you get with Solaris 2.x.
485
4866.9) I can't get perl 4.036 to compile or run.
487
488 Run Configure, and use the solaris_2_0 hints, *don't* use
489 the solaris_2_1 hints and don't use the config.sh you may
490 already have. First you must make sure Configure and make
491 don't find /usr/ucb/cc. (It must use gcc or the native C
492 compiler: /opt/SUNWspro/bin/cc)
493
494 Some questions need a special answer.
495
496 Are your system (especially dbm) libraries compiled with gcc? [y] y
497
498 yes: gcc 2.3.3 or later uses the standard calling
499 conventions, same as Sun's C.
500
501 Any additional cc flags? [ -traditional -Dvolatile=__volatile__
502 -I/usr/ucbinclude] -traditional -Dvolatile=__volatile__
503 Remove /usr/ucbinclude.
504
505 Any additional libraries? [-lsocket -lnsl -ldbm -lmalloc -lm
506 -lucb] -lsocket -lnsl -lm
507
508 Don't include -ldbm, -lmalloc and -lucb.
509
510 Perl 5 compiled out of the box.
511
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5127.0) 64-bitness, from Alan Burlison (added by jhi 2000-02-21)
513
514 You need a machine running Solaris 2.7 or above.
515
516 Here's some rules:
517
518 1. Solaris 2.7 and above will run in either 32 bit or 64 bit mode,
519 via a reboot.
520 2. You can build 64 bit apps whilst running 32 bit mode and vice-versa.
521 3. 32 bit apps will run under Solaris running in either 32 or 64 bit mode.
522 4. 64 bit apps require Solaris to be running 64 bit mode
523 5. It is possible to select the appropriate 32 or 64 bit version of an
524 app at run-time using isaexec(3).
525 6. You can detect the OS mode using "isainfo -v", e.g.
526 fubar$ isainfo -v # Ultra 30 in 64 bit mode
527 64-bit sparcv9 applications
528 32-bit sparc applications
529 7. To compile 64 bit you need to use the flag "-xarch=v9".
530 getconf(1) will tell you this, e.g.
531 fubar$ getconf -a | grep v9
532 XBS5_LP64_OFF64_CFLAGS: -xarch=v9
533 XBS5_LP64_OFF64_LDFLAGS: -xarch=v9
534 XBS5_LP64_OFF64_LINTFLAGS: -xarch=v9
535 XBS5_LPBIG_OFFBIG_CFLAGS: -xarch=v9
536 XBS5_LPBIG_OFFBIG_LDFLAGS: -xarch=v9
537 XBS5_LPBIG_OFFBIG_LINTFLAGS: -xarch=v9
538 _XBS5_LP64_OFF64_CFLAGS: -xarch=v9
539 _XBS5_LP64_OFF64_LDFLAGS: -xarch=v9
540 _XBS5_LP64_OFF64_LINTFLAGS: -xarch=v9
541 _XBS5_LPBIG_OFFBIG_CFLAGS: -xarch=v9
542 _XBS5_LPBIG_OFFBIG_LDFLAGS: -xarch=v9
543 _XBS5_LPBIG_OFFBIG_LINTFLAGS: -xarch=v9
544
545 > > Now, what should we do, then? Should -Duse64bits in a v9 box cause
546 > > Perl to compiled in v9 mode? Or should we for compatibility stick
547 > > with 32 bit builds and let the people in the know to add the -xarch=v9
548 > > to ccflags (and ldflags?)?
549
550 > I think the second (explicit) mechanism should be the default. Unless
551 > you want to allocate more than ~ 4Gb of memory inside Perl, you don't
552 > need Perl to be a 64-bit app. Put it this way, on a machine running
553 > Solaris 8, there are 463 executables under /usr/bin, but only 15 of
554 > those require 64 bit versions - mainly because they invade the kernel
555 > address space, e.g. adb, kgmon etc. Certainly we don't recommend users
556 > to build 64 bit apps unless they need the address space.
557
8e07c86e
AD
558End_of_Solaris_Notes
559