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[perl5.git] / t / op / sprintf.t
CommitLineData
8d063cd8
LW
1#!./perl
2
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3# Tests sprintf, excluding handling of 64-bit integers or long
4# doubles (if supported), of machine-specific short and long
5# integers, machine-specific floating point exceptions (infinity,
6# not-a-number ...), of the effects of locale, and of features
169da838 7# specific to multi-byte characters (under the utf8 pragma and such).
8d063cd8 8
9f1b1f2d
GS
9BEGIN {
10 chdir 't' if -d 't';
20822f61 11 @INC = '../lib';
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GS
12}
13use warnings;
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PP
14# we do not load %Config since this test resides in op and needs
15# to run under the minitest target even without Config.pm working.
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PP
16
17# strictness
18my @tests = ();
19my ($i, $template, $data, $result, $comment, $w, $x, $evalData, $n, $p);
9f1b1f2d 20
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GS
21while (<DATA>) {
22 s/^\s*>//; s/<\s*$//;
23 push @tests, [split(/<\s*>/, $_, 4)];
24}
25
26print '1..', scalar @tests, "\n";
8d063cd8 27
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PP
28$SIG{__WARN__} = sub {
29 if ($_[0] =~ /^Invalid conversion/) {
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HS
30 $w = ' INVALID';
31 } elsif ($_[0] =~ /^Use of uninitialized value/) {
32 $w = ' UNINIT';
fb73857a 33 } else {
65c97e0f 34 warn @_;
fb73857a
PP
35 }
36};
37
8234e14b 38my $Is_VMS_VAX = 0;
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PP
39# We use HW_MODEL since ARCH_NAME was not in VMS V5.*
40if ($^O eq 'VMS') {
41 my $hw_model;
42 chomp($hw_model = `write sys\$output f\$getsyi("HW_MODEL")`);
43 $Is_VMS_VAX = $hw_model < 1024 ? 1 : 0;
8234e14b
PP
44}
45
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GS
46for ($i = 1; @tests; $i++) {
47 ($template, $data, $result, $comment) = @{shift @tests};
e95e2653 48 if ($^O eq 'os390' || $^O eq 's390') { # non-IEEE (s390 is UTS)
12ebcc11
PP
49 $data =~ s/([eE])96$/${1}63/; # smaller exponents
50 $result =~ s/([eE]\+)102$/${1}69/; # " "
51 $data =~ s/([eE])\-101$/${1}-56/; # larger exponents
52 $result =~ s/([eE])\-102$/${1}-57/; # " "
53 }
8234e14b
PP
54 if ($Is_VMS_VAX) { # VAX DEC C 5.3 at least since there is no
55 # ccflags =~ /float=ieee/ on VAX.
56 # AXP is unaffected whether or not it's using ieee.
57 $data =~ s/([eE])96$/${1}26/; # smaller exponents
58 $result =~ s/([eE]\+)102$/${1}32/; # " "
59 $data =~ s/([eE])\-101$/${1}-24/; # larger exponents
60 $result =~ s/([eE])\-102$/${1}-25/; # " "
61 }
be3174d2
GS
62 $evalData = eval $data;
63 $w = undef;
64 $x = sprintf(">$template<",
65 defined @$evalData ? @$evalData : $evalData);
66 substr($x, -1, 0) = $w if $w;
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67 # $x may have 3 exponent digits, not 2
68 my $y = $x;
69 if ($y =~ s/([Ee][-+])0(\d)/$1$2/) {
70 # if result is left-adjusted, append extra space
71 if ($template =~ /%\+?\-/ and $result =~ / $/) {
72 $y =~ s/<$/ </;
73 }
74 # if result is zero-filled, add extra zero
75 elsif ($template =~ /%\+?0/ and $result =~ /^0/) {
76 $y =~ s/^>0/>00/;
77 }
78 # if result is right-adjusted, prepend extra space
79 elsif ($result =~ /^ /) {
80 $y =~ s/^>/> /;
81 }
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82 }
83
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84 if ($x eq ">$result<") {
85 print "ok $i\n";
86 }
48237dde 87 elsif ($y eq ">$result<") # Some C libraries always give
65c97e0f 88 { # three-digit exponent
00b6c67e 89 print("ok $i # >$result< $x three-digit exponent accepted\n");
65c97e0f 90 }
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DD
91 elsif ($result =~ /[-+]\d{3}$/ &&
92 # Suppress tests with modulo of exponent >= 100 on platforms
93 # which can't handle such magnitudes (or where we can't tell).
94 ((!eval {require POSIX}) || # Costly: only do this if we must!
95 (length(&POSIX::DBL_MAX) - rindex(&POSIX::DBL_MAX, '+')) == 3))
96 {
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97 print("ok $i # >$template< >$data< >$result<",
98 " Suppressed: exponent out of range?\n")
f7137e37 99 }
be3174d2 100 else {
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101 $y = ($x eq $y ? "" : " => $y");
102 print("not ok $i >$template< >$data< >$result< $x$y",
65c97e0f 103 $comment ? " # $comment\n" : "\n");
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PP
104 }
105}
48237dde 106
a6d05634 107# In each of the following lines, there are three required fields:
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108# printf template, data to be formatted (as a Perl expression), and
109# expected result of formatting. An optional fourth field can contain
110# a comment. Each field is delimited by a starting '>' and a
111# finishing '<'; any whitespace outside these start and end marks is
112# not part of the field. If formatting requires more than one data
113# item (for example, if variable field widths are used), the Perl data
114# expression should return a reference to an array having the requisite
115# number of elements. Even so, subterfuge is sometimes required: see
116# tests for %n and %p.
117#
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DD
118# The following tests are not currently run, for the reasons stated:
119
120=pod
121
122=begin problematic
123
124>%.0f< >-0.1< >-0< >C library bug: no minus on VMS, HP-UX<
125>%.0f< >1.5< >2< >Standard vague: no rounding rules<
126>%.0f< >2.5< >2< >Standard vague: no rounding rules<
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PP
127>%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102< >exponent too big for OS/390<
128>%G< >.1234567e-101< >1.23457E-102< >exponent too small for OS/390<
129>%e< >1234567E96< >1.234567e+102< >exponent too big for OS/390<
130>%e< >.1234567E-101< >1.234567e-102< >exponent too small for OS/390<
131>%g< >.1234567E-101< >1.23457e-102< >exponent too small for OS/390<
132>%g< >1234567E96< >1.23457e+102< >exponent too big for OS/390<
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DD
133
134=end problematic
135
136=cut
137
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138# template data result
139__END__
be3174d2 140>%6. 6s< >''< >%6. 6s INVALID< >(See use of $w in code above)<
c2e66d9e 141>%6 .6s< >''< >%6 .6s INVALID<
be3174d2 142>%6.6 s< >''< >%6.6 s INVALID<
c2e66d9e 143>%A< >''< >%A INVALID<
be3174d2
GS
144>%B< >''< >%B INVALID<
145>%C< >''< >%C INVALID<
146>%D< >0x7fffffff< >2147483647< >Synonym for %ld<
147>%E< >123456.789< >1.234568E+05< >Like %e, but using upper-case "E"<
148>%F< >123456.789< >123456.789000< >Synonym for %f<
149>%G< >1234567.89< >1.23457E+06< >Like %g, but using upper-case "E"<
c2e66d9e
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150>%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102<
151>%G< >.1234567e-101< >1.23457E-102<
be3174d2
GS
152>%G< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
153>%H< >''< >%H INVALID<
154>%I< >''< >%I INVALID<
155>%J< >''< >%J INVALID<
156>%K< >''< >%K INVALID<
157>%L< >''< >%L INVALID<
158>%M< >''< >%M INVALID<
159>%N< >''< >%N INVALID<
8234e14b 160>%O< >2**32-1< >37777777777< >Synonym for %lo<
be3174d2
GS
161>%P< >''< >%P INVALID<
162>%Q< >''< >%Q INVALID<
163>%R< >''< >%R INVALID<
164>%S< >''< >%S INVALID<
165>%T< >''< >%T INVALID<
8234e14b 166>%U< >2**32-1< >4294967295< >Synonym for %lu<
be3174d2
GS
167>%V< >''< >%V INVALID<
168>%W< >''< >%W INVALID<
169>%X< >2**32-1< >FFFFFFFF< >Like %x, but with u/c letters<
170>%#X< >2**32-1< >0XFFFFFFFF<
171>%Y< >''< >%Y INVALID<
172>%Z< >''< >%Z INVALID<
173>%a< >''< >%a INVALID<
174>%b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
175>%+b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
176>%#b< >2**32-1< >0b11111111111111111111111111111111<
177>%34b< >2**32-1< > 11111111111111111111111111111111<
178>%034b< >2**32-1< >0011111111111111111111111111111111<
179>%-34b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111 <
180>%-034b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111 <
181>%c< >ord('A')< >A<
182>%10c< >ord('A')< > A<
183>%#10c< >ord('A')< > A< ># modifier: no effect<
184>%010c< >ord('A')< >000000000A<
185>%10lc< >ord('A')< > A< >l modifier: no effect<
186>%10hc< >ord('A')< > A< >h modifier: no effect<
187>%10.5c< >ord('A')< > A< >precision: no effect<
188>%-10c< >ord('A')< >A <
189>%d< >123456.789< >123456<
190>%d< >-123456.789< >-123456<
191>%d< >0< >0<
192>%+d< >0< >+0<
193>%0d< >0< >0<
194>%.0d< >0< ><
195>%+.0d< >0< >+<
196>%.0d< >1< >1<
197>%d< >1< >1<
198>%+d< >1< >+1<
199>%#3.2d< >1< > 01< ># modifier: no effect<
200>%3.2d< >1< > 01<
201>%03.2d< >1< >001<
202>%-3.2d< >1< >01 <
203>%-03.2d< >1< >01 < >zero pad + left just.: no effect<
204>%d< >-1< >-1<
205>%+d< >-1< >-1<
206>%hd< >1< >1< >More extensive testing of<
207>%ld< >1< >1< >length modifiers would be<
208>%Vd< >1< >1< >platform-specific<
209>%vd< >chr(1)< >1<
210>%+vd< >chr(1)< >+1<
211>%#vd< >chr(1)< >1<
212>%vd< >"\01\02\03"< >1.2.3<
213>%v.3d< >"\01\02\03"< >001.002.003<
211dfcf1
HS
214>%0v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >001.002.003<
215>%-v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >1 .2 .3 <
216>%+-v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >+1 .2 .3 <
be3174d2 217>%v4.3d< >"\01\02\03"< > 001. 002. 003<
211dfcf1
HS
218>%0v4.3d< >"\01\02\03"< >0001.0002.0003<
219>%0*v2d< >['-', "\0\7\14"]< >00-07-12<
220>%v.*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >001.002.003<
221>%0v*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >001.002.003<
222>%-v*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >1 .2 .3 <
223>%+-v*d< >["\01\02\03", 3]< >+1 .2 .3 <
224>%v*.*d< >["\01\02\03", 4, 3]< > 001. 002. 003<
225>%0v*.*d< >["\01\02\03", 4, 3]< >0001.0002.0003<
226>%0*v*d< >['-', "\0\7\13", 2]< >00-07-11<
be3174d2 227>%e< >1234.875< >1.234875e+03<
c2e66d9e
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228>%e< >0.000012345< >1.234500e-05<
229>%e< >1234567E96< >1.234567e+102<
230>%e< >0< >0.000000e+00<
231>%e< >.1234567E-101< >1.234567e-102<
be3174d2
GS
232>%+e< >1234.875< >+1.234875e+03<
233>%#e< >1234.875< >1.234875e+03<
234>%e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
235>%+e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
236>%#e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
237>%.0e< >1234.875< >1e+03<
02a4ca6d 238>%#.0e< >1234.875< >1.e+03<
20f6aaab
AS
239>%.0e< >1.875< >2e+00<
240>%.0e< >0.875< >9e-01<
be3174d2
GS
241>%.*e< >[0, 1234.875]< >1e+03<
242>%.1e< >1234.875< >1.2e+03<
243>%-12.4e< >1234.875< >1.2349e+03 <
244>%12.4e< >1234.875< > 1.2349e+03<
245>%+-12.4e< >1234.875< >+1.2349e+03 <
246>%+12.4e< >1234.875< > +1.2349e+03<
247>%+-12.4e< >-1234.875< >-1.2349e+03 <
248>%+12.4e< >-1234.875< > -1.2349e+03<
249>%f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
250>%+f< >1234.875< >+1234.875000<
251>%#f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
252>%f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
253>%+f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
254>%#f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
255>%6f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
256>%*f< >[6, 1234.875]< >1234.875000<
257>%.0f< >1234.875< >1235<
258>%.1f< >1234.875< >1234.9<
259>%-8.1f< >1234.875< >1234.9 <
260>%8.1f< >1234.875< > 1234.9<
261>%+-8.1f< >1234.875< >+1234.9 <
262>%+8.1f< >1234.875< > +1234.9<
263>%+-8.1f< >-1234.875< >-1234.9 <
264>%+8.1f< >-1234.875< > -1234.9<
265>%*.*f< >[5, 2, 12.3456]< >12.35<
c2e66d9e
GS
266>%f< >0< >0.000000<
267>%.0f< >0< >0<
268>%.0f< >2**38< >274877906944< >Should have exact int'l rep'n<
d5365ef1 269>%.0f< >0.1< >0<
20f6aaab
AS
270>%.0f< >0.6< >1< >Known to fail with sfio, (irix|nonstop-ux|powerux); -DHAS_LDBL_SPRINTF_BUG may fix<
271>%.0f< >-0.6< >-1< >Known to fail with sfio, (irix|nonstop-ux|powerux); -DHAS_LDBL_SPRINTF_BUG may fix<
272>%.0f< >1.6< >2<
273>%.0f< >-1.6< >-2<
02a4ca6d
DD
274>%.0f< >1< >1<
275>%#.0f< >1< >1.<
00e17364
HS
276>%.0lf< >1< >1< >'l' should have no effect<
277>%.0hf< >1< >%.0hf INVALID< >'h' should be rejected<
be3174d2
GS
278>%g< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
279>%+g< >12345.6789< >+12345.7<
280>%#g< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
281>%.0g< >12345.6789< >1e+04<
02a4ca6d 282>%#.0g< >12345.6789< >1.e+04<
be3174d2
GS
283>%.2g< >12345.6789< >1.2e+04<
284>%.*g< >[2, 12345.6789]< >1.2e+04<
285>%.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789<
286>%12.9g< >12345.6789< > 12345.6789<
287>%012.9g< >12345.6789< >0012345.6789<
288>%-12.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789 <
289>%*.*g< >[-12, 9, 12345.6789]< >12345.6789 <
290>%-012.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789 <
291>%g< >-12345.6789< >-12345.7<
292>%+g< >-12345.6789< >-12345.7<
293>%g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06<
294>%+g< >1234567.89< >+1.23457e+06<
295>%#g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06<
296>%g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
297>%+g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
298>%#g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
c2e66d9e
GS
299>%g< >0.00012345< >0.00012345<
300>%g< >0.000012345< >1.2345e-05<
301>%g< >1234567E96< >1.23457e+102<
302>%g< >.1234567E-101< >1.23457e-102<
303>%g< >0< >0<
be3174d2
GS
304>%13g< >1234567.89< > 1.23457e+06<
305>%+13g< >1234567.89< > +1.23457e+06<
306>%013g< >1234567.89< >001.23457e+06<
307>%-13g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06 <
308>%h< >''< >%h INVALID<
309>%i< >123456.789< >123456< >Synonym for %d<
310>%j< >''< >%j INVALID<
311>%k< >''< >%k INVALID<
312>%l< >''< >%l INVALID<
313>%m< >''< >%m INVALID<
314>%s< >sprintf('%%n%n %d', $n, $n)< >%n 2< >Slight sneakiness to test %n<
315>%o< >2**32-1< >37777777777<
316>%+o< >2**32-1< >37777777777<
317>%#o< >2**32-1< >037777777777<
8234e14b
PP
318>%o< >642< >1202< >check smaller octals across platforms<
319>%+o< >642< >1202<
320>%#o< >642< >01202<
be3174d2 321>%d< >$p=sprintf('%p',$p);$p=~/^[0-9a-f]+$/< >1< >Coarse hack: hex from %p?<
d5365ef1 322>%#p< >''< >%#p INVALID<
be3174d2
GS
323>%q< >''< >%q INVALID<
324>%r< >''< >%r INVALID<
325>%s< >'string'< >string<
326>%10s< >'string'< > string<
327>%+10s< >'string'< > string<
328>%#10s< >'string'< > string<
329>%010s< >'string'< >0000string<
330>%0*s< >[10, 'string']< >0000string<
331>%-10s< >'string'< >string <
332>%3s< >'string'< >string<
333>%.3s< >'string'< >str<
334>%.*s< >[3, 'string']< >str<
335>%t< >''< >%t INVALID<
336>%u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
337>%+u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
338>%#u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
339>%12u< >2**32-1< > 4294967295<
340>%012u< >2**32-1< >004294967295<
341>%-12u< >2**32-1< >4294967295 <
342>%-012u< >2**32-1< >4294967295 <
343>%v< >''< >%v INVALID<
344>%w< >''< >%w INVALID<
345>%x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff<
346>%+x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff<
347>%#x< >2**32-1< >0xffffffff<
348>%10x< >2**32-1< > ffffffff<
349>%010x< >2**32-1< >00ffffffff<
350>%-10x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
351>%-010x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
352>%0-10x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
353>%0*x< >[-10, ,2**32-1]< >ffffffff <
354>%y< >''< >%y INVALID<
355>%z< >''< >%z INVALID<
eb3fce90
JH
356>%2$d %1$d< >[12, 34]< >34 12<
357>%*2$d< >[12, 3]< > 12<
358>%2$d %d< >[12, 34]< >34 12<
359>%2$d %d %d< >[12, 34]< >34 12 34<
360>%3$d %d %d< >[12, 34, 56]< >56 12 34<
361>%2$*3$d %d< >[12, 34, 3]< > 34 12<
58e33a90 362>%*3$2$d %d< >[12, 34, 3]< >%*3$2$d 12 INVALID<
211dfcf1 363>%2$d< >12< >0 UNINIT<
eb3fce90
JH
364>%0$d< >12< >%0$d INVALID<
365>%1$$d< >12< >%1$$d INVALID<
366>%1$1$d< >12< >%1$1$d INVALID<
367>%*2$*2$d< >[12, 3]< >%*2$*2$d INVALID<
368>%*2*2$d< >[12, 3]< >%*2*2$d INVALID<
211dfcf1 369>%0v2.2d< >''< ><
be75b157
HS
370>%vc,%d< >[63, 64, 65]< >?,64<
371>%vd,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >49,2<
372>%vf,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >1.000000,2<
373>%vp< >''< >%vp INVALID<
374>%vs,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >1,2<
375>%v_< >''< >%v_ INVALID<
f3583277 376>%v#x< >''< >%v#x INVALID<
63c6dcc1 377>%v02x< >"foo\012"< >66.6f.6f.0a<
58e33a90
AE
378>%V-%s< >["Hello"]< >%V-Hello INVALID<
379>%K %d %d< >[13, 29]< >%K 13 29 INVALID<
380>%*.*K %d< >[13, 29, 76]< >%*.*K 13 INVALID<
381>%4$K %d< >[45, 67]< >%4$K 45 INVALID<
382>%d %K %d< >[23, 45]< >23 %K 45 INVALID<
3a7a539e 383>%*v*999\$d %d %d< >[11, 22, 33]< >%*v*999\$d 11 22 INVALID<