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Perl_sv_vcatpvfn_flags: fix comment typo
[perl5.git] / t / op / sprintf.t
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1#!./perl
2
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3# Tests sprintf, excluding handling of 64-bit integers or long
4# doubles (if supported), of machine-specific short and long
5# integers, machine-specific floating point exceptions (infinity,
6# not-a-number ...), of the effects of locale, and of features
169da838 7# specific to multi-byte characters (under the utf8 pragma and such).
8d063cd8 8
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9# For tests that do not fit this format, use sprintf2.t.
10
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11BEGIN {
12 chdir 't' if -d 't';
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13 require './test.pl';
14 set_up_inc(qw '../lib ../cpan/version/lib');
e24bffee 15}
9f1b1f2d 16use warnings;
34ba6322 17use version;
e24bffee 18use Config;
0a52d15b 19use strict;
624c42e2 20
8234e14b 21
8234e14b 22my @tests = ();
483d2dbb 23my ($template, $data, $result, $comment, $w, $x, $evalData, $n, $p);
9f1b1f2d 24
8234e14b 25my $Is_VMS_VAX = 0;
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PP
26# We use HW_MODEL since ARCH_NAME was not in VMS V5.*
27if ($^O eq 'VMS') {
28 my $hw_model;
29 chomp($hw_model = `write sys\$output f\$getsyi("HW_MODEL")`);
30 $Is_VMS_VAX = $hw_model < 1024 ? 1 : 0;
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31}
32
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33# No %Config.
34my $Is_Ultrix_VAX = $^O eq 'ultrix' && `uname -m` =~ /^VAX$/;
35
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36# The most generic VAX catcher.
37my $Is_VAX_Float = (pack("d", 1) =~ /^[\x80\x10]\x40/);
38
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39our $IS_EBCDIC = $::IS_EBCDIC; # Solely to avoid the 'used once' warning
40our $IS_ASCII = $::IS_ASCII; # Solely to avoid the 'used once' warning
41
0a52d15b 42while (<DATA>) {
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43 s/<\s*$//;
44
45 # An initial 'a' or 'e' marks the test as being only for ASCII or EBCDIC
46 # platforms respectively.
47 s/^\s* ( [ae] )? >//x;
48 next if defined $1 && $1 eq 'a' && $::IS_EBCDIC;
49 next if defined $1 && $1 eq 'e' && $::IS_ASCII;
50
0a52d15b 51 ($template, $data, $result, $comment) = split(/<\s*>/, $_, 4);
e95e2653 52 if ($^O eq 'os390' || $^O eq 's390') { # non-IEEE (s390 is UTS)
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PP
53 $data =~ s/([eE])96$/${1}63/; # smaller exponents
54 $result =~ s/([eE]\+)102$/${1}69/; # " "
55 $data =~ s/([eE])\-101$/${1}-56/; # larger exponents
56 $result =~ s/([eE])\-102$/${1}-57/; # " "
57 }
a0cc6aaf 58 if ($Is_VMS_VAX || $Is_Ultrix_VAX || $Is_VAX_Float) {
e24bffee 59 # VAX DEC C 5.3 at least since there is no
eaf637cf 60 # ccflags =~ /float=ieee/ on VAX.
b1c96fce 61 # AXP is unaffected whether or not it is using ieee.
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PP
62 $data =~ s/([eE])96$/${1}26/; # smaller exponents
63 $result =~ s/([eE]\+)102$/${1}32/; # " "
64 $data =~ s/([eE])\-101$/${1}-24/; # larger exponents
65 $result =~ s/([eE])\-102$/${1}-25/; # " "
66 }
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67
68 $evalData = eval $data;
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69 $evalData = ref $evalData ? $evalData : [$evalData];
70 push @tests, [$template, $evalData, $result, $comment, $data];
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NC
71}
72
483d2dbb 73plan(scalar @tests);
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74
75$SIG{__WARN__} = sub {
76 if ($_[0] =~ /^Invalid conversion/) {
c1425322 77 $w .= ' INVALID';
0a52d15b 78 } elsif ($_[0] =~ /^Use of uninitialized value/) {
c1425322 79 $w .= ' UNINIT';
7baa4690 80 } elsif ($_[0] =~ /^Missing argument/) {
c1425322 81 $w .= ' MISSING';
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82 } elsif ($_[0] =~ /^Redundant argument/) {
83 $w .= ' REDUNDANT';
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84 } elsif ($_[0]=~/^vector argument not supported with alpha versions/) {
85 $w .= ' ALPHA';
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NC
86 } else {
87 warn @_;
88 }
89};
90
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MGR
91for (@tests) {
92 ($template, $evalData, $result, $comment, $data) = @$_;
be3174d2 93 $w = undef;
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94 $x = sprintf($template, @$evalData);
95 $x = ">$x<" if defined $x;
be3174d2 96 substr($x, -1, 0) = $w if $w;
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97 # $x may have 3 exponent digits, not 2
98 my $y = $x;
99 if ($y =~ s/([Ee][-+])0(\d)/$1$2/) {
100 # if result is left-adjusted, append extra space
101 if ($template =~ /%\+?\-/ and $result =~ / $/) {
102 $y =~ s/<$/ </;
103 }
104 # if result is zero-filled, add extra zero
105 elsif ($template =~ /%\+?0/ and $result =~ /^0/) {
106 $y =~ s/^>0/>00/;
107 }
108 # if result is right-adjusted, prepend extra space
109 elsif ($result =~ /^ /) {
110 $y =~ s/^>/> /;
111 }
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112 }
113
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114 my $skip = 0;
115 if ($comment =~ s/\s+skip:\s*(.*)//) {
116 my $os = $1;
117 my $osv = exists $Config{osvers} ? $Config{osvers} : "0";
15899733 118 my $archname = $Config{archname};
e24bffee 119 # >comment skip: all<
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120 # >comment skip: solaris<
121 # >comment skip: x86_64-linux-ld<
122 if ($os =~ /\b(?:all|\Q$^O\E|\Q$archname\E)\b/i) {
123 $skip = 1;
124 } elsif ($os =~ /\b\Q$^O\E(?::(\S+))\b/i) {
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125 # We can have the $^O followed by an optional condition.
126 # The condition, if present, can be one of:
dbdc20d7 127 # (1) starts with a digit...
6151d433 128 # the first pair of dot-separated digits is
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129 # tested numerically against $Config{osvers}
130 # (2) otherwise...
131 # tested as a \b/i regex against $Config{archname}
15899733 132 my $cond = $1;
dbdc20d7 133 if ($cond =~ /^\d/) {
6151d433 134 # >comment skip: hpux:10.20<
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JH
135 my $vsn = $cond;
136 # Only compare on the the first pair of digits, as numeric
137 # compares do not like 2.6.10-3mdksmp or 2.6.8-24.10-default
138 s/^(\d+(\.\d+)?).*/$1/ for $osv, $vsn;
139 $skip = $vsn ? ($osv <= $vsn ? 1 : 0) : 1;
140 } else {
141 # >comment skip: netbsd:vax-netbsd<
dbdc20d7 142 $skip = $archname =~ /\b\Q$cond\E\b/i;
15899733 143 }
e24bffee 144 }
15899733 145 $skip and $comment =~ s/$/, failure expected on $^O $osv $archname/;
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146 }
147
be3174d2 148 if ($x eq ">$result<") {
3e3bbb9b 149 ok(1, join ' ', grep length, ">$result<", $comment);
be3174d2 150 }
e24bffee 151 elsif ($skip) {
dbdc20d7 152 SKIP: { skip($comment, 1) }
e24bffee 153 }
48237dde 154 elsif ($y eq ">$result<") # Some C libraries always give
65c97e0f 155 { # three-digit exponent
483d2dbb 156 ok(1, ">$result< $x three-digit exponent accepted");
65c97e0f 157 }
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158 elsif ($result =~ /[-+]\d{3}$/ &&
159 # Suppress tests with modulo of exponent >= 100 on platforms
b1c96fce 160 # which cannot handle such magnitudes (or where we cannot tell).
f7137e37
DD
161 ((!eval {require POSIX}) || # Costly: only do this if we must!
162 (length(&POSIX::DBL_MAX) - rindex(&POSIX::DBL_MAX, '+')) == 3))
163 {
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164 ok(1,
165 ">$template< >$data< >$result< Suppressed: exponent out of range?\n");
f7137e37 166 }
be3174d2 167 else {
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MGR
168 $y = ($x eq $y ? "" : " => $y");
169 ok(0, ">$template< >$data< >$result< $x$y $comment");
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170 }
171}
48237dde 172
a6d05634 173# In each of the following lines, there are three required fields:
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174# printf template, data to be formatted (as a Perl expression), and
175# expected result of formatting. An optional fourth field can contain
176# a comment. Each field is delimited by a starting '>' and a
177# finishing '<'; any whitespace outside these start and end marks is
178# not part of the field. If formatting requires more than one data
179# item (for example, if variable field widths are used), the Perl data
180# expression should return a reference to an array having the requisite
181# number of elements. Even so, subterfuge is sometimes required: see
182# tests for %n and %p.
183#
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184# Tests that are expected to fail on a certain OS can be marked as such
185# by trailing the comment with a skip: section. Skips are tags separated
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186# by space consisting of a $^O optionally trailed with :osvers or :archname.
187# In the osvers case, all os-levels below that are expected to fail.
188# In the archname case, an exact match is expected, unless the archname
189# begins (and ends) with a "/", in which case a regexp is expected.
190# A special tag 'all' is allowed for todo tests that should fail on any system
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191#
192# >%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102< >exponent too big skip: os390<
6f1f3b4a 193# >%.0g< >-0.0< >-0< >No minus skip: MSWin32 VMS hpux:10.20<
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194# >%d< >4< >1< >4 != 1 skip: all<
195#
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196# The following tests are not currently run, for the reasons stated:
197
198=pod
199
200=begin problematic
201
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DD
202>%.0f< >1.5< >2< >Standard vague: no rounding rules<
203>%.0f< >2.5< >2< >Standard vague: no rounding rules<
204
205=end problematic
206
207=cut
208
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209# template data result
210__END__
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211>%6. 6s< >''< >%6. 6s INVALID REDUNDANT< >(See use of $w in code above)<
212>%6 .6s< >''< >%6 .6s INVALID REDUNDANT<
213>%6.6 s< >''< >%6.6 s INVALID REDUNDANT<
40bca5ae 214>%A< >0< >< >%A tested in sprintf2.t skip: all<
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NC
215>%B< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
216>%+B< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
217>%#B< >2**32-1< >0B11111111111111111111111111111111<
4077a6bc 218>%C< >''< >%C INVALID REDUNDANT<
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219>%D< >0x7fffffff< >2147483647< >Synonym for %ld<
220>%E< >123456.789< >1.234568E+05< >Like %e, but using upper-case "E"<
221>%F< >123456.789< >123456.789000< >Synonym for %f<
222>%G< >1234567.89< >1.23457E+06< >Like %g, but using upper-case "E"<
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223>%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102<
224>%G< >.1234567e-101< >1.23457E-102<
be3174d2 225>%G< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
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226>%G< >1234567e96< >1.23457E+102< >exponent too big skip: os390<
227>%G< >.1234567e-101< >1.23457E-102< >exponent too small skip: os390<
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AB
228>%H< >''< >%H INVALID REDUNDANT<
229>%I< >''< >%I INVALID REDUNDANT<
230>%J< >''< >%J INVALID REDUNDANT<
231>%K< >''< >%K INVALID REDUNDANT<
232>%L< >''< >%L INVALID REDUNDANT<
233>%M< >''< >%M INVALID REDUNDANT<
234>%N< >''< >%N INVALID REDUNDANT<
8234e14b 235>%O< >2**32-1< >37777777777< >Synonym for %lo<
4077a6bc
AB
236>%P< >''< >%P INVALID REDUNDANT<
237>%Q< >''< >%Q INVALID REDUNDANT<
238>%R< >''< >%R INVALID REDUNDANT<
239>%S< >''< >%S INVALID REDUNDANT<
240>%T< >''< >%T INVALID REDUNDANT<
8234e14b 241>%U< >2**32-1< >4294967295< >Synonym for %lu<
4077a6bc
AB
242>%V< >''< >%V INVALID REDUNDANT<
243>%W< >''< >%W INVALID REDUNDANT<
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244>%X< >2**32-1< >FFFFFFFF< >Like %x, but with u/c letters<
245>%#X< >2**32-1< >0XFFFFFFFF<
4077a6bc
AB
246>%Y< >''< >%Y INVALID REDUNDANT<
247>%Z< >''< >%Z INVALID REDUNDANT<
40bca5ae 248>%a< >0< >< >%a tested in sprintf2.t skip: all<
be3174d2
GS
249>%b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
250>%+b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111<
251>%#b< >2**32-1< >0b11111111111111111111111111111111<
252>%34b< >2**32-1< > 11111111111111111111111111111111<
253>%034b< >2**32-1< >0011111111111111111111111111111111<
254>%-34b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111 <
255>%-034b< >2**32-1< >11111111111111111111111111111111 <
9911cee9
ST
256>%6b< >12< > 1100<
257>%6.5b< >12< > 01100<
258>%-6.5b< >12< >01100 <
259>%+6.5b< >12< > 01100<
260>% 6.5b< >12< > 01100<
261>%06.5b< >12< > 01100< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
262>%.5b< >12< >01100<
e6bb52fd
ST
263>%.0b< >0< ><
264>%+.0b< >0< ><
265>% .0b< >0< ><
266>%-.0b< >0< ><
267>%#.0b< >0< ><
268>%#3.0b< >0< > <
269>%#3.1b< >0< > 0<
270>%#3.2b< >0< > 00<
271>%#3.3b< >0< >000<
272>%#3.4b< >0< >0000<
273>%.0b< >1< >1<
274>%+.0b< >1< >1<
275>% .0b< >1< >1<
276>%-.0b< >1< >1<
277>%#.0b< >1< >0b1<
278>%#3.0b< >1< >0b1<
279>%#3.1b< >1< >0b1<
280>%#3.2b< >1< >0b01<
281>%#3.3b< >1< >0b001<
282>%#3.4b< >1< >0b0001<
be3174d2
GS
283>%c< >ord('A')< >A<
284>%10c< >ord('A')< > A<
285>%#10c< >ord('A')< > A< ># modifier: no effect<
286>%010c< >ord('A')< >000000000A<
287>%10lc< >ord('A')< > A< >l modifier: no effect<
288>%10hc< >ord('A')< > A< >h modifier: no effect<
289>%10.5c< >ord('A')< > A< >precision: no effect<
290>%-10c< >ord('A')< >A <
291>%d< >123456.789< >123456<
292>%d< >-123456.789< >-123456<
293>%d< >0< >0<
9911cee9 294>%-d< >0< >0<
be3174d2 295>%+d< >0< >+0<
9911cee9 296>% d< >0< > 0<
be3174d2 297>%0d< >0< >0<
9911cee9
ST
298>%-3d< >1< >1 <
299>%+3d< >1< > +1<
300>% 3d< >1< > 1<
301>%03d< >1< >001<
302>%+ 3d< >1< > +1<
303>% +3d< >1< > +1<
be3174d2
GS
304>%.0d< >0< ><
305>%+.0d< >0< >+<
9911cee9
ST
306>% .0d< >0< > <
307>%-.0d< >0< ><
308>%#.0d< >0< ><
be3174d2
GS
309>%.0d< >1< >1<
310>%d< >1< >1<
311>%+d< >1< >+1<
312>%#3.2d< >1< > 01< ># modifier: no effect<
313>%3.2d< >1< > 01<
9911cee9 314>%03.2d< >1< > 01< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
be3174d2 315>%-3.2d< >1< >01 <
9911cee9
ST
316>%+3.2d< >1< >+01<
317>% 3.2d< >1< > 01<
be3174d2 318>%-03.2d< >1< >01 < >zero pad + left just.: no effect<
9911cee9
ST
319>%3.*d< >[2,1]< > 01<
320>%3.*d< >[1,1]< > 1<
321>%3.*d< >[0,1]< > 1<
322>%3.*d< >[-1,1]< > 1<
323>%.*d< >[0,0]< ><
324>%-.*d< >[0,0]< ><
325>%+.*d< >[0,0]< >+<
326>% .*d< >[0,0]< > <
327>%0.*d< >[0,0]< ><
328>%.*d< >[-2,0]< >0<
329>%-.*d< >[-2,0]< >0<
330>%+.*d< >[-2,0]< >+0<
331>% .*d< >[-2,0]< > 0<
332>%0.*d< >[-2,0]< >0<
638ca15a
AC
333>%.*2$d< >[5,3]< >005< >reordered precision arg<
334>%4.*2$d< >[5,3]< > 005< >width with reordered precision<
335>%*3$.*2$d< >[5,3,4]< > 005< >reordered width with reordered precision<
336>%3$*2$.*1$d< >[3,4,5]< > 005< >reordered param, width, precision<
29b04a70 337>%*1$.*f< >[4, 5, 10]< >5.0000< >perl #125956: reordered param, width, precision, floating point<
be3174d2 338>%d< >-1< >-1<
9911cee9 339>%-d< >-1< >-1<
be3174d2 340>%+d< >-1< >-1<
9911cee9
ST
341>% d< >-1< >-1<
342>%-3d< >-1< >-1 <
343>%+3d< >-1< > -1<
344>% 3d< >-1< > -1<
345>%03d< >-1< >-01<
be3174d2 346>%hd< >1< >1< >More extensive testing of<
673c2ba8
CS
347>%hhd< >1< >1< >length modifiers would be<
348>%ld< >1< >1< >platform-specific<
349>%Vd< >1< >1<
350>%zd< >1< >1<
351>%td< >1< >1<
be3174d2
GS
352>%vd< >chr(1)< >1<
353>%+vd< >chr(1)< >+1<
354>%#vd< >chr(1)< >1<
355>%vd< >"\01\02\03"< >1.2.3<
18eaf740
GA
356>%vd< >v1.2.3< >1.2.3<
357>%vd< >[version::qv("1.2.3")]< >1.2.3<
8cb289bd
RGS
358>%vd< >[version->new("1.2")]< >1.2<
359>%vd< >[version->new("1.02")]< >1.2<
34ba6322 360>%vd< >[version->new("1.002")]< >1.2<
8cb289bd
RGS
361>%vd< >[version->new("1048576.5")]< >1048576.5<
362>%vd< >[version->new("50")]< >50<
be3174d2 363>%v.3d< >"\01\02\03"< >001.002.003<
211dfcf1 364>%0v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >001.002.003<
96b8f7ce 365>%v.3d< >[version::qv("1.2.3")]< >001.002.003<
211dfcf1
HS
366>%-v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >1 .2 .3 <
367>%+-v3d< >"\01\02\03"< >+1 .2 .3 <
96b8f7ce 368>%+-v3d< >[version::qv("1.2.3")]< >+1 .2 .3 <
be3174d2 369>%v4.3d< >"\01\02\03"< > 001. 002. 003<
9911cee9 370>%0v4.3d< >"\01\02\03"< > 001. 002. 003<
211dfcf1 371>%0*v2d< >['-', "\0\7\14"]< >00-07-12<
2393ee19
HS
372>%v.*d< >[3, "\01\02\03"]< >001.002.003< >cf perl #83194<
373>%0v*d< >[3, "\01\02\03"]< >001.002.003< >cf perl #83194<
374>%-v*d< >[3, "\01\02\03"]< >1 .2 .3 < >cf perl #83194<
375>%+-v*d< >[3, "\01\02\03"]< >+1 .2 .3 < >cf perl #83194<
376>%v*.*d< >[4, 3, "\01\02\03"]< > 001. 002. 003< >cf perl #83194<
377>%0v*.*d< >[4, 3, "\01\02\03"]< > 001. 002. 003< >cf perl #83194<
378>%0*v*d< >['-', 2, "\0\7\13"]< >00-07-11< >cf perl #83194<
379>%0*v*d< >['-', 2, version::qv("0.7.11")]< >00-07-11< >cf perl #83194<
be3174d2 380>%e< >1234.875< >1.234875e+03<
c2e66d9e
GS
381>%e< >0.000012345< >1.234500e-05<
382>%e< >1234567E96< >1.234567e+102<
383>%e< >0< >0.000000e+00<
384>%e< >.1234567E-101< >1.234567e-102<
be3174d2
GS
385>%+e< >1234.875< >+1.234875e+03<
386>%#e< >1234.875< >1.234875e+03<
387>%e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
388>%+e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
389>%#e< >-1234.875< >-1.234875e+03<
390>%.0e< >1234.875< >1e+03<
02a4ca6d 391>%#.0e< >1234.875< >1.e+03<
20f6aaab
AS
392>%.0e< >1.875< >2e+00<
393>%.0e< >0.875< >9e-01<
be3174d2
GS
394>%.*e< >[0, 1234.875]< >1e+03<
395>%.1e< >1234.875< >1.2e+03<
396>%-12.4e< >1234.875< >1.2349e+03 <
397>%12.4e< >1234.875< > 1.2349e+03<
398>%+-12.4e< >1234.875< >+1.2349e+03 <
399>%+12.4e< >1234.875< > +1.2349e+03<
400>%+-12.4e< >-1234.875< >-1.2349e+03 <
401>%+12.4e< >-1234.875< > -1.2349e+03<
e24bffee
MB
402>%e< >1234567E96< >1.234567e+102< >exponent too big skip: os390<
403>%e< >.1234567E-101< >1.234567e-102< >exponent too small skip: os390<
be3174d2
GS
404>%f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
405>%+f< >1234.875< >+1234.875000<
406>%#f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
407>%f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
408>%+f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
409>%#f< >-1234.875< >-1234.875000<
410>%6f< >1234.875< >1234.875000<
411>%*f< >[6, 1234.875]< >1234.875000<
e24bffee 412>%.0f< >-0.1< >-0< >C library bug: no minus skip: VMS<
be3174d2
GS
413>%.0f< >1234.875< >1235<
414>%.1f< >1234.875< >1234.9<
415>%-8.1f< >1234.875< >1234.9 <
416>%8.1f< >1234.875< > 1234.9<
417>%+-8.1f< >1234.875< >+1234.9 <
418>%+8.1f< >1234.875< > +1234.9<
419>%+-8.1f< >-1234.875< >-1234.9 <
420>%+8.1f< >-1234.875< > -1234.9<
421>%*.*f< >[5, 2, 12.3456]< >12.35<
c2e66d9e 422>%f< >0< >0.000000<
95ea86d5 423>%.0f< >[]< >0 MISSING<
5b98cd54 424> %.0f< >[]< > 0 MISSING<
8bdb331d
ZA
425>%.2f< >[]< >0.00 MISSING<
426>%.2fC< >[]< >0.00C MISSING<
c2e66d9e
GS
427>%.0f< >0< >0<
428>%.0f< >2**38< >274877906944< >Should have exact int'l rep'n<
d5365ef1 429>%.0f< >0.1< >0<
97cb92d6
NC
430>%.0f< >0.6< >1< >Known to fail with (irix|nonstop-ux|powerux); -DHAS_LDBL_SPRINTF_BUG may fix<
431>%.0f< >-0.6< >-1< >Known to fail with (irix|nonstop-ux|powerux); -DHAS_LDBL_SPRINTF_BUG may fix<
20f6aaab
AS
432>%.0f< >1.6< >2<
433>%.0f< >-1.6< >-2<
02a4ca6d
DD
434>%.0f< >1< >1<
435>%#.0f< >1< >1.<
00e17364 436>%.0lf< >1< >1< >'l' should have no effect<
4077a6bc 437>%.0hf< >1< >%.0hf INVALID REDUNDANT< >'h' should be rejected<
be3174d2
GS
438>%g< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
439>%+g< >12345.6789< >+12345.7<
440>%#g< >12345.6789< >12345.7<
95ea86d5 441>%.0g< >[]< >0 MISSING<
d347ad18 442> %.0g< >[]< > 0 MISSING<
8bdb331d
ZA
443>%.2g< >[]< >0 MISSING<
444>%.2gC< >[]< >0C MISSING<
15899733 445>%.0g< >-0.0< >-0< >C99 standard mandates minus sign but C89 does not skip: MSWin32 VMS netbsd:vax-netbsd hpux:10.20 openbsd netbsd:1.5 irix darwin freebsd:4.9 android<
be3174d2 446>%.0g< >12345.6789< >1e+04<
02a4ca6d 447>%#.0g< >12345.6789< >1.e+04<
be3174d2
GS
448>%.2g< >12345.6789< >1.2e+04<
449>%.*g< >[2, 12345.6789]< >1.2e+04<
450>%.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789<
451>%12.9g< >12345.6789< > 12345.6789<
452>%012.9g< >12345.6789< >0012345.6789<
453>%-12.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789 <
454>%*.*g< >[-12, 9, 12345.6789]< >12345.6789 <
455>%-012.9g< >12345.6789< >12345.6789 <
456>%g< >-12345.6789< >-12345.7<
457>%+g< >-12345.6789< >-12345.7<
458>%g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06<
459>%+g< >1234567.89< >+1.23457e+06<
460>%#g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06<
461>%g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
462>%+g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
463>%#g< >-1234567.89< >-1.23457e+06<
c2e66d9e
GS
464>%g< >0.00012345< >0.00012345<
465>%g< >0.000012345< >1.2345e-05<
466>%g< >1234567E96< >1.23457e+102<
467>%g< >.1234567E-101< >1.23457e-102<
468>%g< >0< >0<
be3174d2
GS
469>%13g< >1234567.89< > 1.23457e+06<
470>%+13g< >1234567.89< > +1.23457e+06<
e24bffee
MB
471>%013g< >1234567.89< >001.23457e+06<
472>%-13g< >1234567.89< >1.23457e+06 <
473>%g< >.1234567E-101< >1.23457e-102< >exponent too small skip: os390<
474>%g< >1234567E96< >1.23457e+102< >exponent too big skip: os390<
4077a6bc 475>%h< >''< >%h INVALID REDUNDANT<
be3174d2 476>%i< >123456.789< >123456< >Synonym for %d<
4077a6bc
AB
477>%j< >''< >%j INVALID REDUNDANT<
478>%k< >''< >%k INVALID REDUNDANT<
479>%l< >''< >%l INVALID REDUNDANT<
480>%m< >''< >%m INVALID REDUNDANT<
be3174d2 481>%s< >sprintf('%%n%n %d', $n, $n)< >%n 2< >Slight sneakiness to test %n<
69974ce6 482>%s< >$n="abc"; sprintf(' %n%s', substr($n,1,1), $n)< > a1c< >%n w/magic<
7c533927 483>%s< >no warnings; sprintf('%s%n', chr(256)x5, $n),$n< >5< >Unicode %n<
be3174d2
GS
484>%o< >2**32-1< >37777777777<
485>%+o< >2**32-1< >37777777777<
486>%#o< >2**32-1< >037777777777<
8234e14b
PP
487>%o< >642< >1202< >check smaller octals across platforms<
488>%+o< >642< >1202<
9911cee9 489>% o< >642< >1202<
8234e14b 490>%#o< >642< >01202<
9911cee9
ST
491>%4o< >18< > 22<
492>%4.3o< >18< > 022<
493>%-4.3o< >18< >022 <
494>%+4.3o< >18< > 022<
495>% 4.3o< >18< > 022<
496>%04.3o< >18< > 022< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
497>%4.o< >36< > 44<
498>%-4.o< >36< >44 <
499>%+4.o< >36< > 44<
500>% 4.o< >36< > 44<
501>%04.o< >36< > 44< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
502>%.3o< >18< >022<
e6bb52fd
ST
503>%.0o< >0< ><
504>%+.0o< >0< ><
505>% .0o< >0< ><
506>%-.0o< >0< ><
507>%#.0o< >0< >0<
508>%#3.0o< >0< > 0<
509>%#3.1o< >0< > 0<
510>%#3.2o< >0< > 00<
511>%#3.3o< >0< >000<
512>%#3.4o< >0< >0000<
513>%.0o< >1< >1<
514>%+.0o< >1< >1<
515>% .0o< >1< >1<
516>%-.0o< >1< >1<
517>%#.0o< >1< >01<
518>%#3.0o< >1< > 01<
519>%#3.1o< >1< > 01<
520>%#3.2o< >1< > 01<
521>%#3.3o< >1< >001<
522>%#3.4o< >1< >0001<
523>%#.5o< >012345< >012345<
524>%#.5o< >012< >00012<
9911cee9
ST
525>%#4o< >17< > 021<
526>%#-4o< >17< >021 <
527>%-#4o< >17< >021 <
528>%#+4o< >17< > 021<
529>%# 4o< >17< > 021<
530>%#04o< >17< >0021<
531>%#4.o< >16< > 020<
532>%#-4.o< >16< >020 <
533>%-#4.o< >16< >020 <
534>%#+4.o< >16< > 020<
535>%# 4.o< >16< > 020<
536>%#04.o< >16< > 020< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
537>%#4.3o< >18< > 022<
538>%#-4.3o< >18< >022 <
539>%-#4.3o< >18< >022 <
540>%#+4.3o< >18< > 022<
541>%# 4.3o< >18< > 022<
542>%#04.3o< >18< > 022< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
543>%#6.4o< >18< > 0022<
544>%#-6.4o< >18< >0022 <
545>%-#6.4o< >18< >0022 <
546>%#+6.4o< >18< > 0022<
547>%# 6.4o< >18< > 0022<
548>%#06.4o< >18< > 0022< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
be3174d2 549>%d< >$p=sprintf('%p',$p);$p=~/^[0-9a-f]+$/< >1< >Coarse hack: hex from %p?<
0dbb1585 550>%d< >$p=sprintf('%-8p',$p);$p=~/^[0-9a-f]+\s*$/< >1< >Coarse hack: hex from %p?<
4077a6bc
AB
551>%#p< >''< >%#p INVALID REDUNDANT<
552>%q< >''< >%q INVALID REDUNDANT<
553>%r< >''< >%r INVALID REDUNDANT<
5b98cd54
VP
554>%s< >[]< > MISSING<
555> %s< >[]< > MISSING<
be3174d2
GS
556>%s< >'string'< >string<
557>%10s< >'string'< > string<
558>%+10s< >'string'< > string<
559>%#10s< >'string'< > string<
560>%010s< >'string'< >0000string<
561>%0*s< >[10, 'string']< >0000string<
562>%-10s< >'string'< >string <
563>%3s< >'string'< >string<
564>%.3s< >'string'< >str<
565>%.*s< >[3, 'string']< >str<
9911cee9
ST
566>%.*s< >[2, 'string']< >st<
567>%.*s< >[1, 'string']< >s<
568>%.*s< >[0, 'string']< ><
569>%.*s< >[-1,'string']< >string< >negative precision to be ignored<
570>%3.*s< >[3, 'string']< >str<
571>%3.*s< >[2, 'string']< > st<
572>%3.*s< >[1, 'string']< > s<
573>%3.*s< >[0, 'string']< > <
574>%3.*s< >[-1,'string']< >string< >negative precision to be ignored<
4077a6bc 575>%t< >''< >%t INVALID REDUNDANT<
be3174d2
GS
576>%u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
577>%+u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
578>%#u< >2**32-1< >4294967295<
579>%12u< >2**32-1< > 4294967295<
580>%012u< >2**32-1< >004294967295<
581>%-12u< >2**32-1< >4294967295 <
582>%-012u< >2**32-1< >4294967295 <
9911cee9
ST
583>%4u< >18< > 18<
584>%4.3u< >18< > 018<
585>%-4.3u< >18< >018 <
586>%+4.3u< >18< > 018<
587>% 4.3u< >18< > 018<
588>%04.3u< >18< > 018< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
589>%.3u< >18< >018<
4077a6bc
AB
590>%v< >''< >%v INVALID REDUNDANT<
591>%w< >''< >%w INVALID REDUNDANT<
be3174d2
GS
592>%x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff<
593>%+x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff<
594>%#x< >2**32-1< >0xffffffff<
595>%10x< >2**32-1< > ffffffff<
596>%010x< >2**32-1< >00ffffffff<
597>%-10x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
598>%-010x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
599>%0-10x< >2**32-1< >ffffffff <
9911cee9
ST
600>%4x< >18< > 12<
601>%4.3x< >18< > 012<
602>%-4.3x< >18< >012 <
603>%+4.3x< >18< > 012<
604>% 4.3x< >18< > 012<
605>%04.3x< >18< > 012< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
606>%.3x< >18< >012<
607>%4X< >28< > 1C<
608>%4.3X< >28< > 01C<
609>%-4.3X< >28< >01C <
610>%+4.3X< >28< > 01C<
611>% 4.3X< >28< > 01C<
612>%04.3X< >28< > 01C< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
613>%.3X< >28< >01C<
614>%.0x< >0< ><
615>%+.0x< >0< ><
616>% .0x< >0< ><
617>%-.0x< >0< ><
618>%#.0x< >0< ><
e6bb52fd
ST
619>%#3.0x< >0< > <
620>%#3.1x< >0< > 0<
621>%#3.2x< >0< > 00<
622>%#3.3x< >0< >000<
623>%#3.4x< >0< >0000<
624>%.0x< >1< >1<
625>%+.0x< >1< >1<
626>% .0x< >1< >1<
627>%-.0x< >1< >1<
628>%#.0x< >1< >0x1<
629>%#3.0x< >1< >0x1<
630>%#3.1x< >1< >0x1<
631>%#3.2x< >1< >0x01<
632>%#3.3x< >1< >0x001<
633>%#3.4x< >1< >0x0001<
634>%#.5x< >0x12345< >0x12345<
635>%#.5x< >0x12< >0x00012<
9911cee9
ST
636>%#4x< >28< >0x1c<
637>%#4.3x< >28< >0x01c<
638>%#-4.3x< >28< >0x01c<
639>%#+4.3x< >28< >0x01c<
640>%# 4.3x< >28< >0x01c<
641>%#04.3x< >28< >0x01c< >0 flag with precision: no effect<
642>%#.3x< >28< >0x01c<
643>%#6.3x< >28< > 0x01c<
644>%#-6.3x< >28< >0x01c <
645>%-#6.3x< >28< >0x01c <
646>%#+6.3x< >28< > 0x01c<
647>%+#6.3x< >28< > 0x01c<
648>%# 6.3x< >28< > 0x01c<
649>% #6.3x< >28< > 0x01c<
be3174d2 650>%0*x< >[-10, ,2**32-1]< >ffffffff <
96b8f7ce
JP
651>%vx< >[version::qv("1.2.3")]< >1.2.3<
652>%vx< >[version::qv("1.20.300")]< >1.14.12c<
9911cee9
ST
653>%.*x< >[0,0]< ><
654>%-.*x< >[0,0]< ><
655>%+.*x< >[0,0]< ><
656>% .*x< >[0,0]< ><
657>%0.*x< >[0,0]< ><
658>%.*x< >[-3,0]< >0<
659>%-.*x< >[-3,0]< >0<
660>%+.*x< >[-3,0]< >0<
661>% .*x< >[-3,0]< >0<
662>%0.*x< >[-3,0]< >0<
663>%#.*x< >[0,0]< ><
664>%#-.*x< >[0,0]< ><
665>%#+.*x< >[0,0]< ><
666>%# .*x< >[0,0]< ><
667>%#0.*x< >[0,0]< ><
668>%#.*x< >[-1,0]< >0<
669>%#-.*x< >[-1,0]< >0<
670>%#+.*x< >[-1,0]< >0<
671>%# .*x< >[-1,0]< >0<
672>%#0.*x< >[-1,0]< >0<
4077a6bc
AB
673>%y< >''< >%y INVALID REDUNDANT<
674>%z< >''< >%z INVALID REDUNDANT<
eb3fce90 675>%2$d %1$d< >[12, 34]< >34 12<
082ce9c6
AC
676>%*2$d< >[12, 3]< > 12< >RT#125469<
677>%*3$d< >[12, 9, 3]< > 12< >related to RT#125469<
eb3fce90
JH
678>%2$d %d< >[12, 34]< >34 12<
679>%2$d %d %d< >[12, 34]< >34 12 34<
680>%3$d %d %d< >[12, 34, 56]< >56 12 34<
681>%2$*3$d %d< >[12, 34, 3]< > 34 12<
4077a6bc 682>%*3$2$d %d< >[12, 34, 3]< >%*3$2$d 12 INVALID REDUNDANT<
7baa4690 683>%2$d< >12< >0 MISSING<
4077a6bc 684>%0$d< >12< >%0$d INVALID REDUNDANT<
082ce9c6
AC
685>%1$$d< >12< >%1$$d INVALID REDUNDANT<
686>%1$1$d< >12< >%1$1$d INVALID REDUNDANT<
4077a6bc
AB
687>%*2$*2$d< >[12, 3]< >%*2$*2$d INVALID REDUNDANT<
688>%*2*2$d< >[12, 3]< >%*2*2$d INVALID REDUNDANT<
689>%*2$1d< >[12, 3]< >%*2$1d INVALID REDUNDANT<
211dfcf1 690>%0v2.2d< >''< ><
4077a6bc 691>%vc,%d< >[63, 64, 65]< >%vc,63 INVALID REDUNDANT<
c0535913 692>%v%,%d< >[63, 64, 65]< >%v%,63 INVALID INVALID REDUNDANT<
4077a6bc
AB
693>%vd,%d< >["\x1", 2, 3]< >1,2 REDUNDANT<
694>%vf,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%vf,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
695>%vF,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%vF,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
696>%ve,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%ve,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
697>%vE,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%vE,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
698>%vg,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%vg,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
699>%vG,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%vG,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
700>%vp< >''< >%vp INVALID REDUNDANT<
701>%vn< >''< >%vn INVALID REDUNDANT<
702>%vs,%d< >[1, 2, 3]< >%vs,1 INVALID REDUNDANT<
703>%v_< >''< >%v_ INVALID REDUNDANT<
704>%v#x< >''< >%v#x INVALID REDUNDANT<
250d67eb 705>%v02x< >"\x66\x6f\x6f\012"< >66.6f.6f.0a<
52e1aa67 706>%#v.8b< >"\141\000\142"< >0b01100001.00000000.0b01100010< >perl #39530<
e6bb52fd
ST
707>%#v.0o< >"\001\000\002\000"< >01.0.02.0<
708>%#v.1o< >"\001\000\002\000"< >01.0.02.0<
52e1aa67
DD
709>%#v.4o< >"\141\000\142"< >0141.0000.0142< >perl #39530<
710>%#v.3i< >"\141\000\142"< >097.000.098< >perl #39530<
e6bb52fd
ST
711>%#v.0x< >"\001\000\002\000"< >0x1..0x2.<
712>%#v.1x< >"\001\000\002\000"< >0x1.0.0x2.0<
52e1aa67
DD
713>%#v.2x< >"\141\000\142"< >0x61.00.0x62< >perl #39530<
714>%#v.2X< >"\141\000\142"< >0X61.00.0X62< >perl #39530<
715>%#v.8b< >"\141\017\142"< >0b01100001.0b00001111.0b01100010< >perl #39530<
716>%#v.4o< >"\141\017\142"< >0141.0017.0142< >perl #39530<
717>%#v.3i< >"\141\017\142"< >097.015.098< >perl #39530<
718>%#v.2x< >"\141\017\142"< >0x61.0x0f.0x62< >perl #39530<
719>%#v.2X< >"\141\017\142"< >0X61.0X0F.0X62< >perl #39530<
720>%#*v.8b< >["][", "\141\000\142"]< >0b01100001][00000000][0b01100010< >perl #39530<
721>%#*v.4o< >["][", "\141\000\142"]< >0141][0000][0142< >perl #39530<
722>%#*v.3i< >["][", "\141\000\142"]< >097][000][098< >perl #39530<
723>%#*v.2x< >["][", "\141\000\142"]< >0x61][00][0x62< >perl #39530<
724>%#*v.2X< >["][", "\141\000\142"]< >0X61][00][0X62< >perl #39530<
725>%#*v.8b< >["][", "\141\017\142"]< >0b01100001][0b00001111][0b01100010< >perl #39530<
726>%#*v.4o< >["][", "\141\017\142"]< >0141][0017][0142< >perl #39530<
727>%#*v.3i< >["][", "\141\017\142"]< >097][015][098< >perl #39530<
728>%#*v.2x< >["][", "\141\017\142"]< >0x61][0x0f][0x62< >perl #39530<
729>%#*v.2X< >["][", "\141\017\142"]< >0X61][0X0F][0X62< >perl #39530<
730>%#v.8b< >"\141\x{1e01}\000\142\x{1e03}"< >0b01100001.0b1111000000001.00000000.0b01100010.0b1111000000011< >perl #39530<
731>%#v.4o< >"\141\x{1e01}\000\142\x{1e03}"< >0141.017001.0000.0142.017003< >perl #39530<
732>%#v.3i< >"\141\x{1e01}\000\142\x{1e03}"< >097.7681.000.098.7683< >perl #39530<
733>%#v.2x< >"\141\x{1e01}\000\142\x{1e03}"< >0x61.0x1e01.00.0x62.0x1e03< >perl #39530<
734>%#v.2X< >"\141\x{1e01}\000\142\x{1e03}"< >0X61.0X1E01.00.0X62.0X1E03< >perl #39530<
735>%#v.8b< >"\141\x{1e01}\017\142\x{1e03}"< >0b01100001.0b1111000000001.0b00001111.0b01100010.0b1111000000011< >perl #39530<
736>%#v.4o< >"\141\x{1e01}\017\142\x{1e03}"< >0141.017001.0017.0142.017003< >perl #39530<
737>%#v.3i< >"\141\x{1e01}\017\142\x{1e03}"< >097.7681.015.098.7683< >perl #39530<
738>%#v.2x< >"\141\x{1e01}\017\142\x{1e03}"< >0x61.0x1e01.0x0f.0x62.0x1e03< >perl #39530<
739>%#v.2X< >"\141\x{1e01}\017\142\x{1e03}"< >0X61.0X1E01.0X0F.0X62.0X1E03< >perl #39530<
58e33a90
AE
740>%V-%s< >["Hello"]< >%V-Hello INVALID<
741>%K %d %d< >[13, 29]< >%K 13 29 INVALID<
4077a6bc 742>%*.*K %d< >[13, 29, 76]< >%*.*K 13 INVALID REDUNDANT<
082ce9c6 743>%4$K %d< >[45, 67]< >%4$K 45 INVALID REDUNDANT<
58e33a90 744>%d %K %d< >[23, 45]< >23 %K 45 INVALID<
4077a6bc 745>%*v*999\$d %d %d< >[11, 22, 33]< >%*v*999\$d 11 22 INVALID REDUNDANT<
ed2b91d2
GA
746>%#b< >0< >0<
747>%#o< >0< >0<
748>%#x< >0< >0<
f98db8c6 749>%1073741819$v2d< >''< > MISSING<
5860c1ee 750>%*1073741819$v2d< >''< > MISSING<
d1de25c9
HS
751>%.3X< >[11]< >00B< >perl #83194: hex, zero-padded to 3 places<
752>%.*X< >[3, 11]< >00B< >perl #83194: dynamic precision<
666b3df0
KW
753a>%vX< >['012']< >30.31.32< >perl #83194: vector flag<
754e>%vX< >['012']< >F0.F1.F2< >perl #83194: vector flag<
755a>%*vX< >[':', '012']< >30:31:32< >perl #83194: vector flag + custom separator<
756e>%*vX< >[':', '012']< >F0:F1:F2< >perl #83194: vector flag + custom separator<
757a>%v.3X< >['012']< >030.031.032< >perl #83194: vector flag + static precision<
758e>%v.3X< >['012']< >0F0.0F1.0F2< >perl #83194: vector flag + static precision<
759a>%v.*X< >[3, '012']< >030.031.032< >perl #83194: vector flag + dynamic precision<
760e>%v.*X< >[3, '012']< >0F0.0F1.0F2< >perl #83194: vector flag + dynamic precision<
761a>%*v.3X< >[':', '012']< >030:031:032< >perl #83194: vector flag + custom separator + static precision<
762e>%*v.3X< >[':', '012']< >0F0:0F1:0F2< >perl #83194: vector flag + custom separator + static precision<
763a>%*v.*X< >[':', 3, '012']< >030:031:032< >perl #83194: vector flag + custom separator + dynamic precision<
764e>%*v.*X< >[':', 3, '012']< >0F0:0F1:0F2< >perl #83194: vector flag + custom separator + dynamic precision<
765a>%vd< >"version"< >118.101.114.115.105.111.110< >perl #102586: vector flag + "version"<
766e>%vd< >"version"< >165.133.153.162.137.150.149< >perl #102586: vector flag + "version"<
638ca15a 767>%3$*4$v*2$.*1$x< >[3, 4, "\x11\x22\x33", "/"]< > 011/ 022/ 033< >four reordered args<
52ffdfb4
DM
768>%*%< >[]< >% MISSING<
769>%*1$%< >[]< >% MISSING<
770>%*2$d< >123< >123 MISSING<
f98db8c6 771>%2$vd<>123< > MISSING<
1cf776ef
DM
772>%.f< >123.432< >123< >by tradition, empty precision == 0 <
773>%.001f< >123.432< >123.4< >by tradition, leading zeroes ignored in precison<