This is a live mirror of the Perl 5 development currently hosted at https://github.com/perl/perl5
more complete pseudo-fork() support for Windows
[perl5.git] / op.h
CommitLineData
a0d0e21e 1/* op.h
79072805 2 *
4eb8286e 3 * Copyright (c) 1991-1999, Larry Wall
79072805
LW
4 *
5 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
6 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
7 *
79072805
LW
8 */
9
10/*
11 * The fields of BASEOP are:
12 * op_next Pointer to next ppcode to execute after this one.
13 * (Top level pre-grafted op points to first op,
14 * but this is replaced when op is grafted in, when
15 * this op will point to the real next op, and the new
16 * parent takes over role of remembering starting op.)
17 * op_ppaddr Pointer to current ppcode's function.
18 * op_type The type of the operation.
19 * op_flags Flags common to all operations. See OPf_* below.
20 * op_private Flags peculiar to a particular operation (BUT,
21 * by default, set to the number of children until
22 * the operation is privatized by a check routine,
23 * which may or may not check number of children).
24 */
25
4633a7c4 26typedef U32 PADOFFSET;
11343788 27#define NOT_IN_PAD ((PADOFFSET) -1)
79072805 28
4633a7c4 29#ifdef DEBUGGING_OPS
79072805
LW
30#define OPCODE opcode
31#else
32#define OPCODE U16
33#endif
34
0f4eea8f
DL
35#ifdef BASEOP_DEFINITION
36#define BASEOP BASEOP_DEFINITION
37#else
79072805
LW
38#define BASEOP \
39 OP* op_next; \
40 OP* op_sibling; \
4f63d024 41 OP* (CPERLscope(*op_ppaddr))(pTHX); \
79072805
LW
42 PADOFFSET op_targ; \
43 OPCODE op_type; \
44 U16 op_seq; \
a0d0e21e
LW
45 U8 op_flags; \
46 U8 op_private;
0f4eea8f 47#endif
79072805 48
54310121
PP
49#define OP_GIMME(op,dfl) \
50 (((op)->op_flags & OPf_WANT) == OPf_WANT_VOID ? G_VOID : \
51 ((op)->op_flags & OPf_WANT) == OPf_WANT_SCALAR ? G_SCALAR : \
52 ((op)->op_flags & OPf_WANT) == OPf_WANT_LIST ? G_ARRAY : \
53 dfl)
54
533c011a 55#define GIMME_V OP_GIMME(PL_op, block_gimme())
79072805
LW
56
57/* Public flags */
54310121
PP
58
59#define OPf_WANT 3 /* Mask for "want" bits: */
60#define OPf_WANT_VOID 1 /* Want nothing */
61#define OPf_WANT_SCALAR 2 /* Want single value */
62#define OPf_WANT_LIST 3 /* Want list of any length */
79072805
LW
63#define OPf_KIDS 4 /* There is a firstborn child. */
64#define OPf_PARENS 8 /* This operator was parenthesized. */
463ee0b2 65 /* (Or block needs explicit scope entry.) */
a0d0e21e
LW
66#define OPf_REF 16 /* Certified reference. */
67 /* (Return container, not containee). */
68#define OPf_MOD 32 /* Will modify (lvalue). */
69#define OPf_STACKED 64 /* Some arg is arriving on the stack. */
79072805
LW
70#define OPf_SPECIAL 128 /* Do something weird for this op: */
71 /* On local LVAL, don't init local value. */
72 /* On OP_SORT, subroutine is inlined. */
73 /* On OP_NOT, inversion was implicit. */
a0d0e21e 74 /* On OP_LEAVE, don't restore curpm. */
79072805
LW
75 /* On truncate, we truncate filehandle */
76 /* On control verbs, we saw no label */
77 /* On flipflop, we saw ... instead of .. */
78 /* On UNOPs, saw bare parens, e.g. eof(). */
a0d0e21e 79 /* On OP_ENTERSUB || OP_NULL, saw a "do". */
f2ec2afd 80 /* On OP_(ENTER|LEAVE)EVAL, don't clear $@ */
54b9620d 81 /* On OP_ENTERITER, loop var is per-thread */
357694d4 82 /* On pushre, re is /\s+/ imp. by split " " */
79072805 83
54310121 84/* old names; don't use in new code, but don't break them, either */
d91ab173
GS
85#define OPf_LIST OPf_WANT_LIST
86#define OPf_KNOW OPf_WANT
54310121 87#define GIMME \
62a559b8
NIS
88 (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_WANT \
89 ? ((PL_op->op_flags & OPf_WANT) == OPf_WANT_LIST \
d91ab173
GS
90 ? G_ARRAY \
91 : G_SCALAR) \
92 : dowantarray())
54310121 93
a0d0e21e 94/* Private for lvalues */
cd06dffe 95#define OPpLVAL_INTRO 128 /* Lvalue must be localized or lvalue sub */
a0d0e21e 96
7934575e
GS
97/* Private for OP_LEAVE, OP_LEAVESUB, OP_LEAVESUBLV and OP_LEAVEWRITE */
98#define OPpREFCOUNTED 64 /* op_targ carries a refcount */
99
a0d0e21e
LW
100/* Private for OP_AASSIGN */
101#define OPpASSIGN_COMMON 64 /* Left & right have syms in common. */
102
103/* Private for OP_SASSIGN */
104#define OPpASSIGN_BACKWARDS 64 /* Left & right switched. */
79072805 105
c90c0ff4
PP
106/* Private for OP_MATCH and OP_SUBST{,CONST} */
107#define OPpRUNTIME 64 /* Pattern coming in on the stack */
108
79072805 109/* Private for OP_TRANS */
4757a243
LW
110#define OPpTRANS_FROM_UTF 1
111#define OPpTRANS_TO_UTF 2
112#define OPpTRANS_IDENTICAL 4
113 /* When CU or UC, means straight latin-1 to utf-8 or vice versa */
114 /* Otherwise, IDENTICAL means the right side is the same as the left */
115#define OPpTRANS_SQUASH 8
116#define OPpTRANS_DELETE 16
117#define OPpTRANS_COMPLEMENT 32
118#define OPpTRANS_GROWS 64
79072805
LW
119
120/* Private for OP_REPEAT */
a0d0e21e 121#define OPpREPEAT_DOLIST 64 /* List replication. */
79072805 122
d3011074 123/* Private for OP_RV2?V, OP_?ELEM */
5f05dabc
PP
124#define OPpDEREF (32|64) /* Want ref to something: */
125#define OPpDEREF_AV 32 /* Want ref to AV. */
126#define OPpDEREF_HV 64 /* Want ref to HV. */
127#define OPpDEREF_SV (32|64) /* Want ref to SV. */
68dc0745
PP
128 /* OP_ENTERSUB only */
129#define OPpENTERSUB_DB 16 /* Debug subroutine. */
d3011074 130#define OPpENTERSUB_HASTARG 32 /* Called from OP tree. */
7a52d87a 131 /* OP_RV2CV only */
68dc0745 132#define OPpENTERSUB_AMPER 8 /* Used & form to call. */
9675f7ac 133#define OPpENTERSUB_NOPAREN 128 /* bare sub call (without parens) */
cd06dffe 134#define OPpENTERSUB_INARGS 4 /* Lval used as arg to a sub. */
76cd736e
GS
135 /* OP_GV only */
136#define OPpEARLY_CV 32 /* foo() called before sub foo was parsed */
68dc0745
PP
137 /* OP_?ELEM only */
138#define OPpLVAL_DEFER 16 /* Defer creation of array/hash elem */
139 /* for OP_RV2?V, lower bits carry hints */
79072805 140
b162f9ea
IZ
141/* Private for OPs with TARGLEX */
142 /* (lower bits may carry MAXARG) */
143#define OPpTARGET_MY 16 /* Target is PADMY. */
144
79072805 145/* Private for OP_CONST */
7a52d87a 146#define OPpCONST_STRICT 8 /* bearword subject to strict 'subs' */
748a9306
LW
147#define OPpCONST_ENTERED 16 /* Has been entered as symbol. */
148#define OPpCONST_ARYBASE 32 /* Was a $[ translated to constant. */
a0d0e21e 149#define OPpCONST_BARE 64 /* Was a bare word (filehandle?). */
599cee73 150#define OPpCONST_WARNING 128 /* Was a $^W translated to constant. */
79072805
LW
151
152/* Private for OP_FLIP/FLOP */
a0d0e21e 153#define OPpFLIP_LINENUM 64 /* Range arg potentially a line num. */
79072805 154
ed6116ce 155/* Private for OP_LIST */
a0d0e21e
LW
156#define OPpLIST_GUESSED 64 /* Guessed that pushmark was needed. */
157
5f05dabc 158/* Private for OP_DELETE */
54310121 159#define OPpSLICE 64 /* Operating on a list of keys */
5f05dabc 160
d0dca557
JD
161/* Private for OP_SORT, OP_PRTF, OP_SPRINTF, OP_FTTEXT, OP_FTBINARY, */
162/* string comparisons, and case changers. */
bbce6d69
PP
163#define OPpLOCALE 64 /* Use locale */
164
9c007264
JH
165/* Private for OP_SORT */
166#define OPpSORT_NUMERIC 1 /* Optimized away { $a <=> $b } */
167#define OPpSORT_INTEGER 2 /* Ditto while under "use integer" */
168#define OPpSORT_REVERSE 4 /* Descending sort */
224a4551
MB
169/* Private for OP_THREADSV */
170#define OPpDONE_SVREF 64 /* Been through newSVREF once */
554b3eca 171
79072805
LW
172struct op {
173 BASEOP
174};
175
176struct unop {
177 BASEOP
178 OP * op_first;
179};
180
181struct binop {
182 BASEOP
183 OP * op_first;
184 OP * op_last;
185};
186
187struct logop {
188 BASEOP
189 OP * op_first;
190 OP * op_other;
191};
192
79072805
LW
193struct listop {
194 BASEOP
195 OP * op_first;
196 OP * op_last;
197 U32 op_children;
198};
199
200struct pmop {
201 BASEOP
202 OP * op_first;
203 OP * op_last;
204 U32 op_children;
205 OP * op_pmreplroot;
206 OP * op_pmreplstart;
207 PMOP * op_pmnext; /* list of all scanpats */
208 REGEXP * op_pmregexp; /* compiled expression */
a0d0e21e 209 U16 op_pmflags;
4633a7c4 210 U16 op_pmpermflags;
48c036b1 211 U8 op_pmdynflags;
79072805 212};
a0d0e21e 213
48c036b1 214#define PMdf_USED 0x01 /* pm has been used once already */
b3eb6a9b 215#define PMdf_TAINTED 0x02 /* pm compiled from tainted pattern */
48c036b1 216
b3eb6a9b 217#define PMf_RETAINT 0x0001 /* taint $1 etc. if target tainted */
a0d0e21e 218#define PMf_ONCE 0x0002 /* use pattern only once per reset */
c277df42 219#define PMf_REVERSED 0x0004 /* Should be matched right->left */
ce862d02 220#define PMf_MAYBE_CONST 0x0008 /* replacement contains variables */
a0d0e21e 221#define PMf_SKIPWHITE 0x0010 /* skip leading whitespace for split */
8782bef2 222#define PMf_WHITE 0x0020 /* pattern is \s+ */
a0d0e21e
LW
223#define PMf_CONST 0x0040 /* subst replacement is constant */
224#define PMf_KEEP 0x0080 /* keep 1st runtime pattern forever */
225#define PMf_GLOBAL 0x0100 /* pattern had a g modifier */
c90c0ff4 226#define PMf_CONTINUE 0x0200 /* don't reset pos() if //g fails */
a0d0e21e 227#define PMf_EVAL 0x0400 /* evaluating replacement as expr */
8782bef2 228#define PMf_LOCALE 0x0800 /* use locale for character types */
a0d0e21e
LW
229#define PMf_MULTILINE 0x1000 /* assume multiple lines */
230#define PMf_SINGLELINE 0x2000 /* assume single line */
8782bef2 231#define PMf_FOLD 0x4000 /* case insensitivity */
a0d0e21e 232#define PMf_EXTENDED 0x8000 /* chuck embedded whitespace */
79072805 233
8782bef2
GB
234/* mask of bits stored in regexp->reganch */
235#define PMf_COMPILETIME (PMf_MULTILINE|PMf_SINGLELINE|PMf_LOCALE|PMf_FOLD|PMf_EXTENDED)
236
79072805
LW
237struct svop {
238 BASEOP
239 SV * op_sv;
240};
241
7934575e 242struct padop {
79072805 243 BASEOP
7934575e 244 PADOFFSET op_padix;
79072805
LW
245};
246
247struct pvop {
248 BASEOP
249 char * op_pv;
250};
251
79072805
LW
252struct loop {
253 BASEOP
254 OP * op_first;
255 OP * op_last;
256 U32 op_children;
257 OP * op_redoop;
258 OP * op_nextop;
259 OP * op_lastop;
260};
261
350de78d
GS
262#define cUNOPx(o) ((UNOP*)o)
263#define cBINOPx(o) ((BINOP*)o)
264#define cLISTOPx(o) ((LISTOP*)o)
265#define cLOGOPx(o) ((LOGOP*)o)
266#define cPMOPx(o) ((PMOP*)o)
267#define cSVOPx(o) ((SVOP*)o)
268#define cPADOPx(o) ((PADOP*)o)
269#define cPVOPx(o) ((PVOP*)o)
270#define cCOPx(o) ((COP*)o)
271#define cLOOPx(o) ((LOOP*)o)
272
273#define cUNOP cUNOPx(PL_op)
274#define cBINOP cBINOPx(PL_op)
275#define cLISTOP cLISTOPx(PL_op)
276#define cLOGOP cLOGOPx(PL_op)
277#define cPMOP cPMOPx(PL_op)
278#define cSVOP cSVOPx(PL_op)
279#define cPADOP cPADOPx(PL_op)
280#define cPVOP cPVOPx(PL_op)
281#define cCOP cCOPx(PL_op)
282#define cLOOP cLOOPx(PL_op)
283
284#define cUNOPo cUNOPx(o)
285#define cBINOPo cBINOPx(o)
286#define cLISTOPo cLISTOPx(o)
287#define cLOGOPo cLOGOPx(o)
288#define cPMOPo cPMOPx(o)
289#define cSVOPo cSVOPx(o)
290#define cPADOPo cPADOPx(o)
291#define cPVOPo cPVOPx(o)
292#define cCOPo cCOPx(o)
293#define cLOOPo cLOOPx(o)
294
295#define kUNOP cUNOPx(kid)
296#define kBINOP cBINOPx(kid)
297#define kLISTOP cLISTOPx(kid)
298#define kLOGOP cLOGOPx(kid)
299#define kPMOP cPMOPx(kid)
300#define kSVOP cSVOPx(kid)
301#define kPADOP cPADOPx(kid)
302#define kPVOP cPVOPx(kid)
303#define kCOP cCOPx(kid)
304#define kLOOP cLOOPx(kid)
305
306
307#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
308# define cGVOPx(o) ((GV*)PAD_SV(cPADOPx(o)->op_padix))
309# define cGVOP ((GV*)PAD_SV(cPADOP->op_padix))
310# define cGVOPo ((GV*)PAD_SV(cPADOPo->op_padix))
311# define kGVOP ((GV*)PAD_SV(kPADOP->op_padix))
312# define cGVOP_set(v) (PL_curpad[cPADOP->op_padix] = (SV*)(v))
313# define cGVOPo_set(v) (PL_curpad[cPADOPo->op_padix] = (SV*)(v))
314# define kGVOP_set(v) (PL_curpad[kPADOP->op_padix] = (SV*)(v))
743e66e6 315# define IS_PADGV(v) (v && SvTYPE(v) == SVt_PVGV && GvIN_PAD(v))
7766f137
GS
316# define IS_PADCONST(v) (v && SvREADONLY(v))
317# define cSVOPx_sv(v) (cSVOPx(v)->op_sv \
318 ? cSVOPx(v)->op_sv : PL_curpad[(v)->op_targ])
350de78d
GS
319#else
320# define cGVOPx(o) ((GV*)cSVOPx(o)->op_sv)
321# define cGVOP ((GV*)cSVOP->op_sv)
322# define cGVOPo ((GV*)cSVOPo->op_sv)
323# define kGVOP ((GV*)kSVOP->op_sv)
324# define cGVOP_set(v) (cPADOP->op_sv = (SV*)(v))
325# define cGVOPo_set(v) (cPADOPo->op_sv = (SV*)(v))
326# define kGVOP_set(v) (kPADOP->op_sv = (SV*)(v))
743e66e6 327# define IS_PADGV(v) FALSE
7766f137
GS
328# define IS_PADCONST(v) FALSE
329# define cSVOPx_sv(v) (cSVOPx(v)->op_sv)
350de78d 330#endif
79072805 331
7766f137
GS
332#define cSVOP_sv cSVOPx_sv(PL_op)
333#define cSVOPo_sv cSVOPx_sv(o)
334#define kSVOP_sv cSVOPx_sv(kid)
335
79072805
LW
336#define Nullop Null(OP*)
337
4369b173 338/* Lowest byte of PL_opargs */
a0d0e21e
LW
339#define OA_MARK 1
340#define OA_FOLDCONST 2
341#define OA_RETSCALAR 4
342#define OA_TARGET 8
343#define OA_RETINTEGER 16
344#define OA_OTHERINT 32
345#define OA_DANGEROUS 64
346#define OA_DEFGV 128
b162f9ea 347#define OA_TARGLEX 256
a0d0e21e 348
db173bac 349/* The next 4 bits encode op class information */
b162f9ea
IZ
350#define OCSHIFT 9
351
352#define OA_CLASS_MASK (15 << OCSHIFT)
353
354#define OA_BASEOP (0 << OCSHIFT)
355#define OA_UNOP (1 << OCSHIFT)
356#define OA_BINOP (2 << OCSHIFT)
357#define OA_LOGOP (3 << OCSHIFT)
1a67a97c
SM
358#define OA_LISTOP (4 << OCSHIFT)
359#define OA_PMOP (5 << OCSHIFT)
360#define OA_SVOP (6 << OCSHIFT)
7934575e 361#define OA_PADOP (7 << OCSHIFT)
1a67a97c
SM
362#define OA_PVOP_OR_SVOP (8 << OCSHIFT)
363#define OA_LOOP (9 << OCSHIFT)
364#define OA_COP (10 << OCSHIFT)
365#define OA_BASEOP_OR_UNOP (11 << OCSHIFT)
366#define OA_FILESTATOP (12 << OCSHIFT)
367#define OA_LOOPEXOP (13 << OCSHIFT)
b162f9ea
IZ
368
369#define OASHIFT 13
a0d0e21e 370
4369b173 371/* Remaining nybbles of PL_opargs */
a0d0e21e
LW
372#define OA_SCALAR 1
373#define OA_LIST 2
374#define OA_AVREF 3
375#define OA_HVREF 4
376#define OA_CVREF 5
377#define OA_FILEREF 6
378#define OA_SCALARREF 7
379#define OA_OPTIONAL 8
380