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Document that range operator '..' can not be overloaded.
[perl5.git] / README.ko
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1If you read this file _as_is_, just ignore the funny characters you
2see. It is written in the POD format (see perlpod manpage) which is
3specially designed to be readable as is.
4
5This file is in Korean encoded in EUC-KR.
6
7ÀÌ ¹®¼­¸¦ perldocÀ» ½á¼­ º¸Áö ¾Ê°í Á÷Á¢ º¸´Â °æ¿ì¿¡´Â °¢ ºÎºÐÀÇ
8¿ªÇÒÀ» Ç¥½ÃÇϱâ À§ÇØ ¾²ÀÎ =head, =item, 'L' µîÀº ¹«½ÃÇϽʽÿÀ.
9ÀÌ ¹®¼­´Â µû·Î perldocÀ» ¾²Áö ¾Ê°í º¸´õ¶óµµ Àдµ¥ º° ÁöÀåÀÌ
10¾ø´Â POD Çü½ÄÀ¸·Î Â¥¿© ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù. ´õ ÀÚ¼¼ÇÑ °ÍÀº perlpod
11¸Å´º¾óÀ» Âü°íÇϽʽÿÀ.
12
a5921eb1 13=encoding euc-kr
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14
15=head1 NAME
16
17perlko - Perl°ú Çѱ¹¾î ÀÎÄÚµù
18
19=head1 DESCRIPTION
20
21PerlÀÇ ¼¼°è¿¡ ¿À½Å °ÍÀ» ȯ¿µÇÕ´Ï´Ù !
22
23
24PerlÀº 5.8.0ÆǺÎÅÍ À¯´ÏÄÚµå/ISO 10646¿¡ ´ëÇÑ ±¤¹üÀ§ÇÑ Áö¿øÀ» ÇÕ´Ï´Ù.
25À¯´ÏÄÚµå Áö¿øÀÇ ÀÏȯÀ¸·Î ÇÑÁßÀÏÀ» ºñ·ÔÇÑ ¼¼°è °¢±¹¿¡¼­
26À¯´ÏÄÚµå ÀÌÀü¿¡ ¾²°í ÀÖ¾ú°í Áö±Ýµµ ³Î¸® ¾²ÀÌ°í ÀÖ´Â ¼ö¸¹Àº ÀÎÄÚµùÀ»
27Áö¿øÇÕ´Ï´Ù. À¯´ÏÄÚµå´Â Àü ¼¼°è¿¡¼­ ¾²ÀÌ´Â ¸ðµç ¾ð¾î¸¦ À§ÇÑ Ç¥±â ü°è -
28À¯·´ÀÇ ¶óƾ ¾ËÆĺª, Å°¸± ¾ËÆĺª, ±×¸®½º ¾ËÆĺª, Àεµ¿Í µ¿³² ¾Æ½Ã¾ÆÀÇ
29ºê¶ó¹Ì °è¿­ ½ºÅ©¸³Æ®, ¾Æ¶ø ¹®ÀÚ, È÷ºê¸® ¹®ÀÚ, ÇÑÁßÀÏÀÇ ÇÑÀÚ, Çѱ¹¾îÀÇ ÇѱÛ,
97cef9f7 30ÀϺ»¾îÀÇ °¡³ª, ºÏ¹Ì Àεð¾ÈÀÇ Ç¥±â ü°è µî-¸¦ ¼ö¿ëÇÏ´Â °ÍÀ» ¸ñÇ¥·Î ÇÏ°í
642fd4ec 31Àֱ⠶§¹®¿¡ ±âÁ¸¿¡ ¾²ÀÌ´ø °¢ ¾ð¾î ¹× ±¹°¡ ±×¸®°í ¿î¿µ ü°è¿¡ °íÀ¯ÇÑ
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32¹®ÀÚ ÁýÇÕ°ú ÀÎÄÚµù¿¡ ¾µ ¼ö ÀÖ´Â ¸ðµç ±ÛÀÚ´Â ¹°·ÐÀÌ°í ±âÁ¸ ¹®ÀÚ ÁýÇÕ¿¡¼­
33Áö¿øÇÏ°í ÀÖÁö ¾Ê´ø ¾ÆÁÖ ¸¹Àº ±ÛÀÚ¸¦ Æ÷ÇÔÇÏ°í ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù.
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34
35
36PerlÀº ³»ºÎÀûÀ¸·Î À¯´ÏÄڵ带 ¹®ÀÚ Ç¥ÇöÀ» À§ÇØ »ç¿ëÇÕ´Ï´Ù. º¸´Ù ±¸Ã¼ÀûÀ¸·Î
37¸»Çϸé Perl ½ºÅ©¸³Æ® ¾È¿¡¼­ UTF-8 ¹®ÀÚ¿­À» ¾µ ¼ö ÀÖ°í,
38°¢Á¾ ÇÔ¼ö¿Í ¿¬»êÀÚ(¿¹¸¦ µé¾î, Á¤±Ô½Ä, index, substr)°¡ ¹ÙÀÌÆ® ´ÜÀ§
39´ë½Å À¯´ÏÄÚµå ±ÛÀÚ ´ÜÀ§·Î µ¿ÀÛÇÕ´Ï´Ù. (´õ ÀÚ¼¼ÇÑ °ÍÀº
40perlunicode ¸Å´º¾óÀ» Âü°íÇϽʽÿÀ.) À¯´ÏÄڵ尡 ³Î¸® º¸±ÞµÇ±â Àü¿¡
41³Î¸® ¾²ÀÌ°í ÀÖ¾ú°í, ¿©ÀüÈ÷ ³Î¸® ¾²ÀÌ°í ÀÖ´Â °¢±¹/°¢ ¾ð¾îº° ÀÎÄÚµùÀ¸·Î
42ÀÔÃâ·ÂÀ» ÇÏ°í À̵é ÀÎÄÚµùÀ¸·Î µÈ µ¥ÀÌÅÍ¿Í ¹®¼­¸¦ ´Ù·ç´Â °ÍÀ» µ½±â À§ÇØ
43'Encode'°¡ ¾²¿´½À´Ï´Ù. ¹«¾ùº¸´Ù 'Encode'¸¦ ½á¼­ ¼ö¸¹Àº ÀÎÄÚµù »çÀÌÀÇ
44º¯È¯À» ½±°Ô ÇÒ ¼ö ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù.
45
46'Encode'´Â ´ÙÀ½°ú °°Àº Çѱ¹¾î ÀÎÄÚµùÀ» Áö¿øÇÕ´Ï´Ù.
47
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48=over 4
49
50=item euc-kr
51
52 US-ASCII¿Í KS X 1001À» °°ÀÌ ¾²´Â ¸ÖƼ¹ÙÀÌÆ® ÀÎÄÚµù (ÈçÈ÷ ¿Ï¼ºÇüÀ̶ó°í
53 ºÒ¸².) KS X 2901°ú RFC 1557 Âü°í.
54
55=item cp949
56
57 MS-Windows 9x/ME¿¡¼­ ¾²ÀÌ´Â È®Àå ¿Ï¼ºÇü. euc-kr¿¡ 8,822ÀÚÀÇ
58 ÇÑ±Û À½ÀýÀ» ´õÇÑ °ÍÀÓ. alias´Â uhc, windows-949, x-windows-949,
59 ks_c_5601-1987. ¸Ç ¸¶Áö¸· À̸§Àº ÀûÀýÇÏÁö ¾ÊÀº À̸§ÀÌÁö¸¸, Microsoft
60 Á¦Ç°¿¡¼­ CP949ÀÇ Àǹ̷Π¾²ÀÌ°í ÀÖÀ½.
61
62=item johab
63
64 KS X 1001:1998 ºÎ·Ï 3¿¡¼­ ±ÔÁ¤ÇÑ Á¶ÇÕÇü. ¹®ÀÚ ·¹ÆÛÅ丮´Â cp949¿Í
65 ¸¶Âù°¡Áö·Î US-ASCII¿Í KS X 1001¿¡ 8,822ÀÚÀÇ ÇÑ±Û À½ÀýÀ» ´õÇÑ °ÍÀÓ.
66 ÀÎÄÚµù ¹æ½ÄÀº ÀüÇô ´Ù¸§.
67
68=item iso-2022-kr
69
70 RFC 1557¿¡¼­ ±ÔÁ¤ÇÑ Çѱ¹¾î ÀÎÅÍ³Ý ¸ÞÀÏ ±³È¯¿ë ÀÎÄÚµùÀ¸·Î US-ASCII¿Í
71 KS X 1001À» ·¹ÆÛÅ丮·Î ÇÏ´Â Á¡¿¡¼­ euc-kr°ú °°Áö¸¸ ÀÎÄÚµù ¹æ½ÄÀÌ ´Ù¸§.
72 1997-8³â °æ±îÁö ¾²¿´À¸³ª ´õ ÀÌ»ó ¸ÞÀÏ ±³È¯¿¡ ¾²ÀÌÁö ¾ÊÀ½.
73
74=item ksc5601-raw
75
76 KS X 1001(KS C 5601)À» GL(Áï, MSB¸¦ 0À¸·Î ÇÑ °æ¿ì) ¿¡ ³õ¾ÒÀ» ¶§ÀÇ
77 ÀÎÄÚµù. US-ASCII¿Í °áÇÕÇÏÁö ¾Ê°í ´Üµ¶À¸·Î ¾²ÀÌ´Â ÀÏÀº X11 µî¿¡¼­ ±Û²Ã
78 ÀÎÄÚµù (ksc5601.1987-0. '0'Àº GLÀ» ÀǹÌÇÔ.)À¸·Î ¾²ÀÌ´Â °ÍÀ» Á¦¿ÜÇÏ°í´Â
79 °ÅÀÇ ¾øÀ½. KS C 5601Àº 1997³â KS X 1001·Î À̸§À» ¹Ù²Ù¾úÀ½. 1998³â¿¡´Â µÎ
80 ±ÛÀÚ (À¯·ÎÈ­ ºÎÈ£¿Í µî·Ï »óÇ¥ ºÎÈ£)°¡ ´õÇØÁ³À½.
81
82=back
83
84 ¸î °¡Áö »ç¿ë ¿¹Á¦¸¦ ¾Æ·¡¿¡ º¸ÀÔ´Ï´Ù.
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85
86¿¹¸¦ µé¾î, euc-kr ÀÎÄÚµùÀ¸·Î µÈ ÆÄÀÏÀ» UTF-8·Î º¯È¯ÇÏ·Á¸é ´ÙÀ½°ú
87°°ÀÌ ÇÏ¸é µË´Ï´Ù.
88
89
90 perl -Mencoding=euc-kr,STDOUT,utf8 -pe1 < file.euckr > file.utf8
91
92¿ªº¯È¯Àº ´ÙÀ½°ú °°ÀÌ ÇÒ ¼ö ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù.
93
94 perl -Mencoding=utf8,STDOUT,euc-kr -pe1 < file.utf8 > file.euckr
95
97cef9f7 96 ÀÌ·± º¯È¯À» Á»´õ Æí¸®ÇÏ°Ô ÇÒ ¼ö ÀÖµµ·Ï Encode ¸ðµâÀ» ½á¼­
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97¼ø¼öÇÏ°Ô Perl·Î¸¸ ¾²ÀÎ piconv°¡ Perl¿¡ µé¾î ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù.
98±× À̸§¿¡¼­ ¾Ë ¼ö ÀÖµíÀÌ piconv´Â Unix¿¡ ÀÖ´Â iconv¸¦
99¸ðµ¨·Î ÇÑ °ÍÀÔ´Ï´Ù. ±× »ç¿ë¹ýÀº ¾Æ·¡¿Í °°½À´Ï´Ù.
100
101 piconv -f euc-kr -t utf8 < file.euckr > file.utf8
102 piconv -f utf8 -t euc-kr < file.utf8 > file.euckr
103
97cef9f7 104 ¶Ç, 'PerlIO::encoding' ¸ðµâÀ» ½á¼­ Çѱ¹¾î ÀÎÄÚµùÀ» ¾²¸é¼­ ±ÛÀÚ ´ÜÀ§
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105(¹ÙÀÌÆ® ´ÜÀ§°¡ ¾Æ´Ï¶ó) 󸮸¦ ½±°Ô ÇÒ ¼ö ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù.
106
97cef9f7 107 #!/path/to/perl
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108
109 use encoding 'euc-kr', STDIN => 'euc-kr',
110 STDOUT-> 'euc-kr', STDERR=>'euc-kr';
111
112 print length("°¡³ª"); # 2 (Å« µû¿ÈÇ¥´Â ±ÛÀÚ ´ÜÀ§ 󸮸¦ Áö½Ã)
113 print length('°¡³ª'); # 4 (ÀÛÀº µû¿ÈÇ¥´Â ¹ÙÀÌÆ® ´ÜÀ§ 󸮸¦ Áö½Ã)
114 print index("ÇÑ°­, ´ëµ¿°­", "¿°"); # -1 ('¿°'ÀÌ ¾øÀ½)
115 print index('ÇÑ°­, ´ëµ¿°­', '¿°'); # 7 (8¹ø°¿Í 9¹ø° ¹ÙÀÌÆ®°¡ '¿°'ÀÇ
116 Äڵ尪°ú ÀÏÄ¡ÇÔ.)
117
118
119=head2 ´õ ÀÚ¼¼È÷ ¾Ë°í ½ÍÀ¸¸é...
120
97cef9f7 121 PerlÀ» ¼³Ä¡ÇÏ¸é ´ë´ÜÈ÷ ÀÚ¼¼ÇÑ ¹®¼­°¡ °°ÀÌ µû¶ó ¿À¸ç, ÀÌ ¹®¼­¸¦ ÅëÇØ
642fd4ec 122Perl Àü¹Ý »Ó ¾Æ´Ï¶ó À¯´ÏÄÚµå Áö¿ø, EncodeÀÇ »ç¿ë¹ý µî¿¡ ¸¹Àº °ÍÀ»
97cef9f7 123¹è¿ï ¼ö ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù. ¾ÆÁ÷ ÀÌ ¹®¼­´Â ÇöÀç ¸ðµÎ ¿µ¾î·Î ¾²¿© ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù.
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124
125
126=head2 Perl °ü·Ã ÀÚ·á
127
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128À§¿¡¼­ ¾ð±ÞÇÑ ¹®¼­ ¿Ü¿¡µµ ´ÙÀ½°ú °°Àº ÀÚ·á°¡ ÀÖ½À´Ï´Ù. ÀÌ ¸ñ·ÏÀº °áÄÚ
129¿ÏÀüÇÑ °ÍÀÌ ¾Æ´Ï°í ÀϺΠ´ëÇ¥ÀûÀÎ °Í¸¸ ¸ðÀº °ÍÀÔ´Ï´Ù.
130
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131=over 4
132
133=item L<http://www.perl.com/>
134
135 O'ReillyÀÇ Perl À¥ ÆäÀÌÁö
136
137=item L<http://www.cpan.org/>
138
139 Comprehensive Perl Archive Network
140
141=item L<http://lists.perl.org/>
142
143 Perl ¸ÞÀϸµ ¸®½ºÆ®. ¸¹Àº ¸®½ºÆ® °¡¿îµ¥
144 perl-unicode¿¡¼­ 'Encode'¿¡ ´ëÇØ ³íÀÇÇÔ.
145
146=back
147
148=head2 PerlÀ» ´õ ±í°Ô °øºÎÇϴµ¥ µµ¿òÀ» ÁÙ ¼ö ÀÖ´Â Çѱ¹¾î °ü·Ã »çÀÌÆ®
149
150=over 4
151
152=item L<http://www.perl.or.kr/>
153
154 Perl Çѱ¹ »ç¿ëÀÚ ¸ðÀÓ
155
156=item L<news:han.comp.lang.perl/>
157
158 Çѱ¹¾î Perl ´º½º ±×·ì
159
464a08e7 160=item L<http://www.hanb.co.kr/search/searchResult.html?keyword=perl>
818c4caa 161
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162 O'Reilly¿¡¼­ ³ª¿Â Çѱ¹¾î Perl ¼­Àû ¸ñ·Ï
163
164=item L<http://www.perlschool.net/>
165
166 Perl ±âÃÊ °­Á ¹× ¼Ò½º, ÃÖ±Ù µ¿Çâ, °ü·Ã ÇØ¿Ü »çÀÌÆ® ¸µÅ©
167
168=item L<http://www.perl.co.kr>
169
170 Perl¿¡ °ü·ÃµÈ CGI, DB, ¿¬µ¿ µî¿¡ ´ëÇÑ Á¤º¸ ¹× ´º½º Á¦°ø
171
172=back
173
97cef9f7 174=head2 À¯´ÏÄÚµå ¹× Çѱ¹¾î ÀÎÄÚµù °ü·Ã ÀÚ·á
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175
176=over 4
177
178=item L<http://www.unicode.org/>
179
180 À¯´ÏÄÚµå ÄÁ¼Ò½Ã¾ö.
181
182=item L<http://std.dkuug.dk/JTC1/SC2/WG2>
183
184±âº»ÀûÀ¸·Î Unicode¿Í °°Àº ISO Ç¥ÁØÀÎ ISO/IEC 10646 UCS(Universal
185Character Set)À» ¸¸µå´Â ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2ÀÇ À¥ ÆäÀÌÁö.
186
818c4caa 187=item L<http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/unicode.html>
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188
189 À¯´Ð½º/¸®´ª½º¿¡¼­ À¯´ÏÄÚµå¿Í UTF-8 »ç¿ë¿¡ ´ëÇÑ ¹®´äÁý(FAQ)
190
99746d7b 191=item L<http://wiki.kldp.org/Translations/html/UTF8-Unicode-KLDP/UTF8-Unicode-KLDP.html>
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192
193 À¯´Ð½º/¸®´ª½º¿¡¼­ À¯´ÏÄÚµå¿Í UTF-8 »ç¿ë¿¡ ´ëÇÑ ¹®´äÁý(FAQ)ÀÇ Çѱ¹¾î ¹ø¿ª
194
195=back
196
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197=head1 SEE ALSO
198
199L<Encode>, L<Encode::KR>, L<encoding>, L<perluniintro>, L<perlunicode>
200
201
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202=head1 AUTHORS
203
204Jarkko Hietaniemi E<lt>jhi@iki.fiE<gt>
97cef9f7 205½ÅÁ¤½Ä E<lt>jshin@mailaps.orgE<gt>
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206
207=cut