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a0d0e21e 1/* handy.h
a687059c 2 *
1129b882 3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000,
da5d8dbb 4 * 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012 by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
6e21c824
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6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
8d063cd8
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9 */
10
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11/* IMPORTANT NOTE: Everything whose name begins with an underscore is for
12 * internal core Perl use only. */
13
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14#ifndef HANDY_H /* Guard against nested #inclusion */
15#define HANDY_H
16
85e6fe83 17#if !defined(__STDC__)
378cc40b
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18#ifdef NULL
19#undef NULL
20#endif
a687059c 21# define NULL 0
85e6fe83
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22#endif
23
24792b8d
NC
24#ifndef PERL_CORE
25# define Null(type) ((type)NULL)
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26
27/*
ccfc67b7 28=head1 Handy Values
954c1994 29
3609ea0d 30=for apidoc AmU||Nullch
72d33970
FC
31Null character pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is
32defined.)
2307c6d0 33
954c1994 34=for apidoc AmU||Nullsv
72d33970 35Null SV pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
954c1994
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36
37=cut
38*/
39
24792b8d
NC
40# define Nullch Null(char*)
41# define Nullfp Null(PerlIO*)
42# define Nullsv Null(SV*)
43#endif
8d063cd8 44
641d3f0b
PP
45#ifdef TRUE
46#undef TRUE
47#endif
48#ifdef FALSE
49#undef FALSE
50#endif
51#define TRUE (1)
52#define FALSE (0)
53
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54/* The MUTABLE_*() macros cast pointers to the types shown, in such a way
55 * (compiler permitting) that casting away const-ness will give a warning;
56 * e.g.:
57 *
58 * const SV *sv = ...;
59 * AV *av1 = (AV*)sv; <== BAD: the const has been silently cast away
60 * AV *av2 = MUTABLE_AV(sv); <== GOOD: it may warn
61 */
62
b1bc3f34 63#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN)
f065df04 64# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ({ void *_p = (p); _p; })
b1bc3f34
NC
65#else
66# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ((void *) (p))
67#endif
68
a062e10d 69#define MUTABLE_AV(p) ((AV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
ea726b52 70#define MUTABLE_CV(p) ((CV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
159b6efe 71#define MUTABLE_GV(p) ((GV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
dbebbdb4 72#define MUTABLE_HV(p) ((HV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
a45c7426 73#define MUTABLE_IO(p) ((IO *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
b1bc3f34 74#define MUTABLE_SV(p) ((SV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
27d4fb96 75
f789f6a4 76#if defined(I_STDBOOL) && !defined(PERL_BOOL_AS_CHAR)
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77# include <stdbool.h>
78# ifndef HAS_BOOL
79# define HAS_BOOL 1
80# endif
81#endif
82
8e84507e 83/* bool is built-in for g++-2.6.3 and later, which might be used
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84 for extensions. <_G_config.h> defines _G_HAVE_BOOL, but we can't
85 be sure _G_config.h will be included before this file. _G_config.h
8e84507e 86 also defines _G_HAVE_BOOL for both gcc and g++, but only g++
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87 actually has bool. Hence, _G_HAVE_BOOL is pretty useless for us.
88 g++ can be identified by __GNUG__.
89 Andy Dougherty February 2000
5d94fbed 90*/
3609ea0d 91#ifdef __GNUG__ /* GNU g++ has bool built-in */
f789f6a4 92# ifndef PERL_BOOL_AS_CHAR
5d94fbed 93# ifndef HAS_BOOL
c1d22f6b 94# define HAS_BOOL 1
5d94fbed 95# endif
f789f6a4 96# endif
5d94fbed
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97#endif
98
99#ifndef HAS_BOOL
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100# ifdef bool
101# undef bool
102# endif
70d5cb32 103# define bool char
c1d22f6b 104# define HAS_BOOL 1
a687059c 105#endif
0d3e774c 106
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107/* cast-to-bool. A simple (bool) cast may not do the right thing: if bool is
108 * defined as char for example, then the cast from int is
109 * implementation-defined (bool)!!(cbool) in a ternary triggers a bug in xlc on
110 * AIX */
18f5643b 111#define cBOOL(cbool) ((cbool) ? (bool)1 : (bool)0)
f2338a2e 112
46c6c7e2 113/* Try to figure out __func__ or __FUNCTION__ equivalent, if any.
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114 * XXX Should really be a Configure probe, with HAS__FUNCTION__
115 * and FUNCTION__ as results.
116 * XXX Similarly, a Configure probe for __FILE__ and __LINE__ is needed. */
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117#if (defined(__STDC_VERSION__) && __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L) || (defined(__SUNPRO_C)) /* C99 or close enough. */
118# define FUNCTION__ __func__
119#else
9ea40801 120# if (defined(USING_MSVC6)) || /* MSVC6 has neither __func__ nor __FUNCTION and no good workarounds, either. */ \
be73ebb0 121 (defined(__DECC_VER)) /* Tru64 or VMS, and strict C89 being used, but not modern enough cc (in Tur64, -c99 not known, only -std1). */
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122# define FUNCTION__ ""
123# else
124# define FUNCTION__ __FUNCTION__ /* Common extension. */
125# endif
126#endif
127
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128/* XXX A note on the perl source internal type system. The
129 original intent was that I32 be *exactly* 32 bits.
130
131 Currently, we only guarantee that I32 is *at least* 32 bits.
132 Specifically, if int is 64 bits, then so is I32. (This is the case
133 for the Cray.) This has the advantage of meshing nicely with
134 standard library calls (where we pass an I32 and the library is
135 expecting an int), but the disadvantage that an I32 is not 32 bits.
136 Andy Dougherty August 1996
24fef2a7 137
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138 There is no guarantee that there is *any* integral type with
139 exactly 32 bits. It is perfectly legal for a system to have
140 sizeof(short) == sizeof(int) == sizeof(long) == 8.
693762b4 141
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142 Similarly, there is no guarantee that I16 and U16 have exactly 16
143 bits.
693762b4 144
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145 For dealing with issues that may arise from various 32/64-bit
146 systems, we will ask Configure to check out
8175356b 147
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148 SHORTSIZE == sizeof(short)
149 INTSIZE == sizeof(int)
150 LONGSIZE == sizeof(long)
dc45a647 151 LONGLONGSIZE == sizeof(long long) (if HAS_LONG_LONG)
3609ea0d 152 PTRSIZE == sizeof(void *)
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153 DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(double)
154 LONG_DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(long double) (if HAS_LONG_DOUBLE).
8175356b 155
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156*/
157
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158#ifdef I_INTTYPES /* e.g. Linux has int64_t without <inttypes.h> */
159# include <inttypes.h>
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160# ifdef INT32_MIN_BROKEN
161# undef INT32_MIN
162# define INT32_MIN (-2147483647-1)
163# endif
164# ifdef INT64_MIN_BROKEN
165# undef INT64_MIN
166# define INT64_MIN (-9223372036854775807LL-1)
167# endif
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168#endif
169
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170typedef I8TYPE I8;
171typedef U8TYPE U8;
172typedef I16TYPE I16;
173typedef U16TYPE U16;
174typedef I32TYPE I32;
175typedef U32TYPE U32;
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176
177#ifdef HAS_QUAD
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178typedef I64TYPE I64;
179typedef U64TYPE U64;
16d89be8 180#endif
8175356b 181
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182/* INT64_C/UINT64_C are C99 from <stdint.h> (so they will not be
183 * available in strict C89 mode), but they are nice, so let's define
184 * them if necessary. */
0d3bd0a9 185#if defined(HAS_QUAD)
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186# undef PeRl_INT64_C
187# undef PeRl_UINT64_C
188/* Prefer the native integer types (int and long) over long long
189 * (which is not C89) and Win32-specific __int64. */
190# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_INT && INTSIZE == 8
191# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) (c)
192# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,U)
193# endif
194# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG && LONGSIZE == 8
195# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,L)
196# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UL)
197# endif
198# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG_LONG && defined(HAS_LONG_LONG)
199# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,LL)
200# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,ULL)
201# endif
202# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS___INT64
203# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,I64)
204# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UI64)
205# endif
206# ifndef PeRl_INT64_C
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207# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) ((I64)(c)) /* last resort */
208# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) ((U64)(c))
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209# endif
210/* In OS X the INT64_C/UINT64_C are defined with LL/ULL, which will
211 * not fly with C89-pedantic gcc, so let's undefine them first so that
212 * we can redefine them with our native integer preferring versions. */
8eafc6eb 213# if defined(PERL_DARWIN) && defined(PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC)
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214# undef INT64_C
215# undef UINT64_C
216# endif
217# ifndef INT64_C
218# define INT64_C(c) PeRl_INT64_C(c)
219# endif
220# ifndef UINT64_C
221# define UINT64_C(c) PeRl_UINT64_C(c)
222# endif
e8c95190 223#endif
dc750f2e 224
d8668976 225#if defined(UINT8_MAX) && defined(INT16_MAX) && defined(INT32_MAX)
5ff3f7a4 226
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227/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
228 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
229#define U8_MAX UINT8_MAX
230#define U8_MIN UINT8_MIN
231
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232#define I16_MAX INT16_MAX
233#define I16_MIN INT16_MIN
234#define U16_MAX UINT16_MAX
235#define U16_MIN UINT16_MIN
236
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237#define I32_MAX INT32_MAX
238#define I32_MIN INT32_MIN
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239#ifndef UINT32_MAX_BROKEN /* e.g. HP-UX with gcc messes this up */
240# define U32_MAX UINT32_MAX
241#else
242# define U32_MAX 4294967295U
243#endif
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244#define U32_MIN UINT32_MIN
245
246#else
247
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248/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
249 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
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250#define U8_MAX PERL_UCHAR_MAX
251#define U8_MIN PERL_UCHAR_MIN
79072805 252
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253#define I16_MAX PERL_SHORT_MAX
254#define I16_MIN PERL_SHORT_MIN
255#define U16_MAX PERL_USHORT_MAX
256#define U16_MIN PERL_USHORT_MIN
79072805 257
c4f23d77 258#if LONGSIZE > 4
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259# define I32_MAX PERL_INT_MAX
260# define I32_MIN PERL_INT_MIN
261# define U32_MAX PERL_UINT_MAX
262# define U32_MIN PERL_UINT_MIN
79072805 263#else
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264# define I32_MAX PERL_LONG_MAX
265# define I32_MIN PERL_LONG_MIN
266# define U32_MAX PERL_ULONG_MAX
267# define U32_MIN PERL_ULONG_MIN
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268#endif
269
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270#endif
271
58a9a5d5 272/* log(2) is pretty close to 0.30103, just in case anyone is grepping for it */
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273#define BIT_DIGITS(N) (((N)*146)/485 + 1) /* log2(10) =~ 146/485 */
274#define TYPE_DIGITS(T) BIT_DIGITS(sizeof(T) * 8)
275#define TYPE_CHARS(T) (TYPE_DIGITS(T) + 2) /* sign, NUL */
276
88794300 277/* Unused by core; should be deprecated */
ff68c719 278#define Ctl(ch) ((ch) & 037)
8d063cd8 279
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280/* This is a helper macro to avoid preprocessor issues, replaced by nothing
281 * unless under DEBUGGING, where it expands to an assert of its argument,
282 * followed by a comma (hence the comma operator). If we just used a straight
3e94db23
JH
283 * assert(), we would get a comma with nothing before it when not DEBUGGING.
284 *
285 * We also use empty definition under Coverity since the __ASSERT__
286 * checks often check for things that Really Cannot Happen, and Coverity
287 * detects that and gets all excited. */
288
289#if defined(DEBUGGING) && !defined(__COVERITY__)
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290# define __ASSERT_(statement) assert(statement),
291#else
292# define __ASSERT_(statement)
293#endif
294
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295/*
296=head1 SV-Body Allocation
297
298=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs|const char* s
0c395ea5 299Like C<newSVpvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
30a15352 300string/length pair.
3fe05580 301
84bafc02 302=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_flags|const char* s|U32 flags
0c395ea5 303Like C<newSVpvn_flags>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of
30a15352 304a string/length pair.
84bafc02 305
3fe05580 306=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_share|const char* s
0c395ea5 307Like C<newSVpvn_share>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of
30a15352 308a string/length pair and omits the hash parameter.
3fe05580 309
9dcc53ea 310=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_flags|SV* sv|const char* s|I32 flags
0c395ea5 311Like C<sv_catpvn_flags>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead
30a15352 312of a string/length pair.
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313
314=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_nomg|SV* sv|const char* s
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315Like C<sv_catpvn_nomg>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of
316a string/length pair.
9dcc53ea 317
7b4e7469 318=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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KW
319Like C<sv_catpvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
320string/length pair.
3fe05580 321
9dcc53ea 322=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_mg|SV* sv|const char* s
0c395ea5 323Like C<sv_catpvn_mg>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
9dcc53ea
Z
324string/length pair.
325
7b4e7469 326=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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KW
327Like C<sv_setpvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
328string/length pair.
3fe05580 329
9dcc53ea 330=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs_mg|SV* sv|const char* s
0c395ea5 331Like C<sv_setpvn_mg>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
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332string/length pair.
333
334=for apidoc Am|SV *|sv_setref_pvs|const char* s
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335Like C<sv_setref_pvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of
336a string/length pair.
9dcc53ea 337
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338=head1 Memory Management
339
340=for apidoc Ama|char*|savepvs|const char* s
0c395ea5 341Like C<savepvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
30a15352 342string/length pair.
3fe05580 343
9dcc53ea
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344=for apidoc Ama|char*|savesharedpvs|const char* s
345A version of C<savepvs()> which allocates the duplicate string in memory
346which is shared between threads.
347
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348=head1 GV Functions
349
350=for apidoc Am|HV*|gv_stashpvs|const char* name|I32 create
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351Like C<gv_stashpvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
352string/length pair.
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353
354=head1 Hash Manipulation Functions
355
356=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_fetchs|HV* tb|const char* key|I32 lval
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357Like C<hv_fetch>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
358string/length pair.
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359
360=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_stores|HV* tb|const char* key|NULLOK SV* val
0c395ea5
KW
361Like C<hv_store>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of a
362string/length pair
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MHM
363and omits the hash parameter.
364
510966aa
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365=head1 Lexer interface
366
367=for apidoc Amx|void|lex_stuff_pvs|const char *pv|U32 flags
368
0c395ea5
KW
369Like L</lex_stuff_pvn>, but takes a C<NUL>-terminated literal string instead of
370a string/length pair.
510966aa 371
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372=cut
373*/
374
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KW
375/* concatenating with "" ensures that only literal strings are accepted as
376 * argument */
26bfd924 377#define STR_WITH_LEN(s) ("" s ""), (sizeof(s)-1)
2efa8cc7 378
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379/* note that STR_WITH_LEN() can't be used as argument to macros or functions
380 * that under some configurations might be macros, which means that it requires
381 * the full Perl_xxx(aTHX_ ...) form for any API calls where it's used.
ba3a79e7
GA
382 */
383
384/* STR_WITH_LEN() shortcuts */
385#define newSVpvs(str) Perl_newSVpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
84bafc02
NC
386#define newSVpvs_flags(str,flags) \
387 Perl_newSVpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
ba3a79e7 388#define newSVpvs_share(str) Perl_newSVpvn_share(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
9dcc53ea
Z
389#define sv_catpvs_flags(sv, str, flags) \
390 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
391#define sv_catpvs_nomg(sv, str) \
392 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
393#define sv_catpvs(sv, str) \
394 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC)
395#define sv_catpvs_mg(sv, str) \
396 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC|SV_SMAGIC)
3fe05580 397#define sv_setpvs(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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398#define sv_setpvs_mg(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn_mg(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
399#define sv_setref_pvs(rv, classname, str) \
400 Perl_sv_setref_pvn(aTHX_ rv, classname, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
ba3a79e7 401#define savepvs(str) Perl_savepvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
9dcc53ea
Z
402#define savesharedpvs(str) Perl_savesharedpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
403#define gv_stashpvs(str, create) \
404 Perl_gv_stashpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), create)
405#define gv_fetchpvs(namebeg, add, sv_type) \
406 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(namebeg), add, sv_type)
407#define gv_fetchpvn(namebeg, len, add, sv_type) \
408 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ namebeg, len, add, sv_type)
409#define sv_catxmlpvs(dsv, str, utf8) \
410 Perl_sv_catxmlpvn(aTHX_ dsv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), utf8)
a038e571
NC
411#define hv_fetchs(hv,key,lval) \
412 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
413 (lval) ? (HV_FETCH_JUST_SV | HV_FETCH_LVALUE) \
414 : HV_FETCH_JUST_SV, NULL, 0))
415
416#define hv_stores(hv,key,val) \
417 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
418 (HV_FETCH_ISSTORE|HV_FETCH_JUST_SV), (val), 0))
ba3a79e7 419
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420#define lex_stuff_pvs(pv,flags) Perl_lex_stuff_pvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(pv), flags)
421
b96d8cd9
NC
422#define get_cvs(str, flags) \
423 Perl_get_cvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), (flags))
5c1737d1 424
954c1994 425/*
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426=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
427
954c1994 428=for apidoc Am|bool|strNE|char* s1|char* s2
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KW
429Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are different. Returns true
430or false.
954c1994
GS
431
432=for apidoc Am|bool|strEQ|char* s1|char* s2
dc6b0978
KW
433Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are equal. Returns true or
434false.
954c1994
GS
435
436=for apidoc Am|bool|strLT|char* s1|char* s2
dc6b0978
KW
437Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than the
438second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
439
440=for apidoc Am|bool|strLE|char* s1|char* s2
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KW
441Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than or
442equal to the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
443
444=for apidoc Am|bool|strGT|char* s1|char* s2
dc6b0978
KW
445Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than
446the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
447
448=for apidoc Am|bool|strGE|char* s1|char* s2
dc6b0978
KW
449Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than
450or equal to the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
451
452=for apidoc Am|bool|strnNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
dc6b0978
KW
453Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are different. The C<len>
454parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
954c1994
GS
455wrapper for C<strncmp>).
456
457=for apidoc Am|bool|strnEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
dc6b0978
KW
458Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are equal. The C<len>
459parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
460wrapper for C<strncmp>).
954c1994 461
bd18bd40
KW
462=for apidoc Am|bool|memEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
463Test two buffers (which may contain embedded C<NUL> characters, to see if they
464are equal. The C<len> parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare.
465Returns zero if equal, or non-zero if non-equal.
466
467=for apidoc Am|bool|memNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
468Test two buffers (which may contain embedded C<NUL> characters, to see if they
469are not equal. The C<len> parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare.
470Returns zero if non-equal, or non-zero if equal.
471
954c1994
GS
472=cut
473*/
474
8d063cd8
LW
475#define strNE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2))
476#define strEQ(s1,s2) (!strcmp(s1,s2))
477#define strLT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) < 0)
478#define strLE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) <= 0)
479#define strGT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) > 0)
480#define strGE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) >= 0)
481#define strnNE(s1,s2,l) (strncmp(s1,s2,l))
482#define strnEQ(s1,s2,l) (!strncmp(s1,s2,l))
378cc40b 483
36477c24
PP
484#ifdef HAS_MEMCMP
485# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l))
486# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!memcmp(s1,s2,l))
487#else
488# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (bcmp(s1,s2,l))
489# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!bcmp(s1,s2,l))
490#endif
491
568a785a 492#define memEQs(s1, l, s2) \
8e6497b6 493 (sizeof(s2)-1 == l && memEQ(s1, ("" s2 ""), (sizeof(s2)-1)))
568a785a
NC
494#define memNEs(s1, l, s2) !memEQs(s1, l, s2)
495
bbce6d69
PP
496/*
497 * Character classes.
498 *
499 * Unfortunately, the introduction of locales means that we
500 * can't trust isupper(), etc. to tell the truth. And when
501 * it comes to /\w+/ with tainting enabled, we *must* be able
502 * to trust our character classes.
503 *
504 * Therefore, the default tests in the text of Perl will be
505 * independent of locale. Any code that wants to depend on
506 * the current locale will use the tests that begin with "lc".
507 */
508
2304df62
AD
509#ifdef HAS_SETLOCALE /* XXX Is there a better test for this? */
510# ifndef CTYPE256
511# define CTYPE256
512# endif
513#endif
514
954c1994 515/*
ccfc67b7 516
dcccc8ff 517=head1 Character classification
243effed
KW
518This section is about functions (really macros) that classify characters
519into types, such as punctuation versus alphabetic, etc. Most of these are
520analogous to regular expression character classes. (See
521L<perlrecharclass/POSIX Character Classes>.) There are several variants for
522each class. (Not all macros have all variants; each item below lists the
523ones valid for it.) None are affected by C<use bytes>, and only the ones
524with C<LC> in the name are affected by the current locale.
525
526The base function, e.g., C<isALPHA()>, takes an octet (either a C<char> or a
527C<U8>) as input and returns a boolean as to whether or not the character
6aff1f14
KW
528represented by that octet is (or on non-ASCII platforms, corresponds to) an
529ASCII character in the named class based on platform, Unicode, and Perl rules.
530If the input is a number that doesn't fit in an octet, FALSE is returned.
243effed 531
6aff1f14
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532Variant C<isFOO_A> (e.g., C<isALPHA_A()>) is identical to the base function
533with no suffix C<"_A">.
4b9734bf
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534
535Variant C<isFOO_L1> imposes the Latin-1 (or EBCDIC equivlalent) character set
536onto the platform. That is, the code points that are ASCII are unaffected,
537since ASCII is a subset of Latin-1. But the non-ASCII code points are treated
538as if they are Latin-1 characters. For example, C<isWORDCHAR_L1()> will return
539true when called with the code point 0xDF, which is a word character in both
4650c663 540ASCII and EBCDIC (though it represents different characters in each).
243effed 541
d0da05db 542Variant C<isFOO_uvchr> is like the C<isFOO_L1> variant, but accepts any UV code
243effed
KW
543point as input. If the code point is larger than 255, Unicode rules are used
544to determine if it is in the character class. For example,
d0da05db 545C<isWORDCHAR_uvchr(0x100)> returns TRUE, since 0x100 is LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
6aff1f14 546WITH MACRON in Unicode, and is a word character.
243effed 547
d0da05db 548Variant C<isFOO_utf8> is like C<isFOO_uvchr>, but the input is a pointer to a
dc6b0978
KW
549(known to be well-formed) UTF-8 encoded string (C<U8*> or C<char*>, and
550possibly containing embedded C<NUL> characters). The classification of just
551the first (possibly multi-byte) character in the string is tested.
243effed 552
31f05a37
KW
553Variant C<isFOO_LC> is like the C<isFOO_A> and C<isFOO_L1> variants, but the
554result is based on the current locale, which is what C<LC> in the name stands
555for. If Perl can determine that the current locale is a UTF-8 locale, it uses
556the published Unicode rules; otherwise, it uses the C library function that
557gives the named classification. For example, C<isDIGIT_LC()> when not in a
558UTF-8 locale returns the result of calling C<isdigit()>. FALSE is always
1a83413c
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559returned if the input won't fit into an octet. On some platforms where the C
560library function is known to be defective, Perl changes its result to follow
561the POSIX standard's rules.
243effed
KW
562
563Variant C<isFOO_LC_uvchr> is like C<isFOO_LC>, but is defined on any UV. It
564returns the same as C<isFOO_LC> for input code points less than 256, and
565returns the hard-coded, not-affected-by-locale, Unicode results for larger ones.
566
b7d90381 567Variant C<isFOO_LC_utf8> is like C<isFOO_LC_uvchr>, but the input is a pointer
dc6b0978
KW
568to a (known to be well-formed) UTF-8 encoded string (C<U8*> or C<char*>, and
569possibly containing embedded C<NUL> characters). The classification of just
570the first (possibly multi-byte) character in the string is tested.
ccfc67b7 571
954c1994 572=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHA|char ch
2787a470 573Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 574alphabetic character, analogous to C<m/[[:alpha:]]/>.
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575See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
576variants
d0da05db 577C<isALPHA_A>, C<isALPHA_L1>, C<isALPHA_uvchr>, C<isALPHA_utf8>, C<isALPHA_LC>,
243effed 578C<isALPHA_LC_uvchr>, and C<isALPHA_LC_utf8>.
8a58bdcf 579
15861f94
KW
580=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHANUMERIC|char ch
581Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a either an
6aff1f14 582alphabetic character or decimal digit, analogous to C<m/[[:alnum:]]/>.
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KW
583See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
584variants
d0da05db 585C<isALPHANUMERIC_A>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_L1>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_uvchr>,
e5ad6aba 586C<isALPHANUMERIC_utf8>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr>, and
15861f94
KW
587C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8>.
588
8a58bdcf
KW
589=for apidoc Am|bool|isASCII|char ch
590Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is one of the 128
243effed 591characters in the ASCII character set, analogous to C<m/[[:ascii:]]/>.
e5ad6aba 592On non-ASCII platforms, it returns TRUE iff this
8a58bdcf
KW
593character corresponds to an ASCII character. Variants C<isASCII_A()> and
594C<isASCII_L1()> are identical to C<isASCII()>.
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595See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
596variants
d0da05db 597C<isASCII_uvchr>, C<isASCII_utf8>, C<isASCII_LC>, C<isASCII_LC_uvchr>, and
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KW
598C<isASCII_LC_utf8>. Note, however, that some platforms do not have the C
599library routine C<isascii()>. In these cases, the variants whose names contain
600C<LC> are the same as the corresponding ones without.
601
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602Also note, that because all ASCII characters are UTF-8 invariant (meaning they
603have the exact same representation (always a single byte) whether encoded in
604UTF-8 or not), C<isASCII> will give the correct results when called with any
605byte in any string encoded or not in UTF-8. And similarly C<isASCII_utf8> will
606work properly on any string encoded or not in UTF-8.
607
243effed
KW
608=for apidoc Am|bool|isBLANK|char ch
609Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 610character considered to be a blank, analogous to C<m/[[:blank:]]/>.
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611See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
612variants
d0da05db 613C<isBLANK_A>, C<isBLANK_L1>, C<isBLANK_uvchr>, C<isBLANK_utf8>, C<isBLANK_LC>,
243effed
KW
614C<isBLANK_LC_uvchr>, and C<isBLANK_LC_utf8>. Note, however, that some
615platforms do not have the C library routine C<isblank()>. In these cases, the
616variants whose names contain C<LC> are the same as the corresponding ones
617without.
618
619=for apidoc Am|bool|isCNTRL|char ch
620Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 621control character, analogous to C<m/[[:cntrl:]]/>.
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622See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
623variants
d0da05db 624C<isCNTRL_A>, C<isCNTRL_L1>, C<isCNTRL_uvchr>, C<isCNTRL_utf8>, C<isCNTRL_LC>,
6aff1f14
KW
625C<isCNTRL_LC_uvchr>, and C<isCNTRL_LC_utf8>
626On EBCDIC platforms, you almost always want to use the C<isCNTRL_L1> variant.
954c1994 627
954c1994 628=for apidoc Am|bool|isDIGIT|char ch
2787a470 629Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 630digit, analogous to C<m/[[:digit:]]/>.
8a58bdcf 631Variants C<isDIGIT_A> and C<isDIGIT_L1> are identical to C<isDIGIT>.
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632See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
633variants
d0da05db 634C<isDIGIT_uvchr>, C<isDIGIT_utf8>, C<isDIGIT_LC>, C<isDIGIT_LC_uvchr>, and
243effed
KW
635C<isDIGIT_LC_utf8>.
636
637=for apidoc Am|bool|isGRAPH|char ch
638Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 639graphic character, analogous to C<m/[[:graph:]]/>.
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640See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
641variants
d0da05db 642C<isGRAPH_A>, C<isGRAPH_L1>, C<isGRAPH_uvchr>, C<isGRAPH_utf8>, C<isGRAPH_LC>,
243effed 643C<isGRAPH_LC_uvchr>, and C<isGRAPH_LC_utf8>.
954c1994 644
0c82b6df 645=for apidoc Am|bool|isLOWER|char ch
2787a470 646Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 647lowercase character, analogous to C<m/[[:lower:]]/>.
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KW
648See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
649variants
d0da05db 650C<isLOWER_A>, C<isLOWER_L1>, C<isLOWER_uvchr>, C<isLOWER_utf8>, C<isLOWER_LC>,
243effed 651C<isLOWER_LC_uvchr>, and C<isLOWER_LC_utf8>.
0c82b6df 652
c99e91e9 653=for apidoc Am|bool|isOCTAL|char ch
2787a470 654Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 655octal digit, [0-7].
243effed
KW
656The only two variants are C<isOCTAL_A> and C<isOCTAL_L1>; each is identical to
657C<isOCTAL>.
658
659=for apidoc Am|bool|isPUNCT|char ch
660Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14
KW
661punctuation character, analogous to C<m/[[:punct:]]/>.
662Note that the definition of what is punctuation isn't as
243effed
KW
663straightforward as one might desire. See L<perlrecharclass/POSIX Character
664Classes> for details.
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KW
665See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
666variants
d0da05db 667C<isPUNCT_A>, C<isPUNCT_L1>, C<isPUNCT_uvchr>, C<isPUNCT_utf8>, C<isPUNCT_LC>,
243effed 668C<isPUNCT_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPUNCT_LC_utf8>.
c99e91e9 669
0c82b6df 670=for apidoc Am|bool|isSPACE|char ch
2787a470 671Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 672whitespace character. This is analogous
398d098a 673to what C<m/\s/> matches in a regular expression. Starting in Perl 5.18
779cf272 674this also matches what C<m/[[:space:]]/> does. Prior to 5.18, only the
398d098a
KW
675locale forms of this macro (the ones with C<LC> in their names) matched
676precisely what C<m/[[:space:]]/> does. In those releases, the only difference,
677in the non-locale variants, was that C<isSPACE()> did not match a vertical tab.
678(See L</isPSXSPC> for a macro that matches a vertical tab in all releases.)
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KW
679See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
680variants
d0da05db 681C<isSPACE_A>, C<isSPACE_L1>, C<isSPACE_uvchr>, C<isSPACE_utf8>, C<isSPACE_LC>,
243effed 682C<isSPACE_LC_uvchr>, and C<isSPACE_LC_utf8>.
0c82b6df 683
398d098a
KW
684=for apidoc Am|bool|isPSXSPC|char ch
685(short for Posix Space)
779cf272
KW
686Starting in 5.18, this is identical in all its forms to the
687corresponding C<isSPACE()> macros.
398d098a
KW
688The locale forms of this macro are identical to their corresponding
689C<isSPACE()> forms in all Perl releases. In releases prior to 5.18, the
690non-locale forms differ from their C<isSPACE()> forms only in that the
691C<isSPACE()> forms don't match a Vertical Tab, and the C<isPSXSPC()> forms do.
692Otherwise they are identical. Thus this macro is analogous to what
693C<m/[[:space:]]/> matches in a regular expression.
dcccc8ff 694See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
d0da05db 695variants C<isPSXSPC_A>, C<isPSXSPC_L1>, C<isPSXSPC_uvchr>, C<isPSXSPC_utf8>,
b7d90381 696C<isPSXSPC_LC>, C<isPSXSPC_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPSXSPC_LC_utf8>.
398d098a 697
954c1994 698=for apidoc Am|bool|isUPPER|char ch
2787a470 699Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 700uppercase character, analogous to C<m/[[:upper:]]/>.
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KW
701See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
702variants
d0da05db 703C<isUPPER_A>, C<isUPPER_L1>, C<isUPPER_uvchr>, C<isUPPER_utf8>, C<isUPPER_LC>,
243effed 704C<isUPPER_LC_uvchr>, and C<isUPPER_LC_utf8>.
954c1994 705
243effed 706=for apidoc Am|bool|isPRINT|char ch
8eea39dd 707Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 708printable character, analogous to C<m/[[:print:]]/>.
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KW
709See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
710variants
d0da05db 711C<isPRINT_A>, C<isPRINT_L1>, C<isPRINT_uvchr>, C<isPRINT_utf8>, C<isPRINT_LC>,
243effed
KW
712C<isPRINT_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPRINT_LC_utf8>.
713
714=for apidoc Am|bool|isWORDCHAR|char ch
715Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a character
716that is a word character, analogous to what C<m/\w/> and C<m/[[:word:]]/> match
717in a regular expression. A word character is an alphabetic character, a
718decimal digit, a connecting punctuation character (such as an underscore), or
719a "mark" character that attaches to one of those (like some sort of accent).
720C<isALNUM()> is a synonym provided for backward compatibility, even though a
721word character includes more than the standard C language meaning of
722alphanumeric.
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KW
723See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
724variants
d0da05db 725C<isWORDCHAR_A>, C<isWORDCHAR_L1>, C<isWORDCHAR_uvchr>, and C<isWORDCHAR_utf8>.
1a83413c
KW
726C<isWORDCHAR_LC>, C<isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr>, and C<isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8> are also as
727described there, but additionally include the platform's native underscore.
8a58bdcf
KW
728
729=for apidoc Am|bool|isXDIGIT|char ch
730Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a hexadecimal
243effed
KW
731digit. In the ASCII range these are C<[0-9A-Fa-f]>. Variants C<isXDIGIT_A()>
732and C<isXDIGIT_L1()> are identical to C<isXDIGIT()>.
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KW
733See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
734variants
d0da05db 735C<isXDIGIT_uvchr>, C<isXDIGIT_utf8>, C<isXDIGIT_LC>, C<isXDIGIT_LC_uvchr>, and
243effed
KW
736C<isXDIGIT_LC_utf8>.
737
3c3ecf18
KW
738=for apidoc Am|bool|isIDFIRST|char ch
739Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character can be the first
740character of an identifier. This is very close to, but not quite the same as
741the official Unicode property C<XID_Start>. The difference is that this
742returns true only if the input character also matches L</isWORDCHAR>.
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KW
743See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
744variants
d0da05db 745C<isIDFIRST_A>, C<isIDFIRST_L1>, C<isIDFIRST_uvchr>, C<isIDFIRST_utf8>,
3c3ecf18
KW
746C<isIDFIRST_LC>, C<isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr>, and C<isIDFIRST_LC_utf8>.
747
748=for apidoc Am|bool|isIDCONT|char ch
749Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character can be the
750second or succeeding character of an identifier. This is very close to, but
751not quite the same as the official Unicode property C<XID_Continue>. The
752difference is that this returns true only if the input character also matches
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KW
753L</isWORDCHAR>. See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for
754an
d0da05db 755explanation of variants C<isIDCONT_A>, C<isIDCONT_L1>, C<isIDCONT_uvchr>,
3c3ecf18
KW
756C<isIDCONT_utf8>, C<isIDCONT_LC>, C<isIDCONT_LC_uvchr>, and
757C<isIDCONT_LC_utf8>.
758
243effed 759=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
8eea39dd 760
95a59cab 761=for apidoc Am|U8|READ_XDIGIT|char str*
243effed 762Returns the value of an ASCII-range hex digit and advances the string pointer.
95a59cab
YO
763Behaviour is only well defined when isXDIGIT(*str) is true.
764
e7c1e6c1
KW
765=head1 Character case changing
766
1f607577
KW
767=for apidoc Am|U8|toUPPER|U8 ch
768Converts the specified character to uppercase. If the input is anything but an
769ASCII lowercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
c753c8d3 770C<toUPPER_A> is equivalent.
954c1994 771
d0da05db
KW
772=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
773Converts the code point C<cp> to its uppercase version, and
774stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
775point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
776that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
777bytes since the uppercase version may be longer than the original character.
778
779The first code point of the uppercased version is returned
780(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
781
782=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
783Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its uppercase version, and
784stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
785that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
786bytes since the uppercase version may be longer than the original character.
787
788The first code point of the uppercased version is returned
789(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
790
791The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
792
25200305
KW
793=for apidoc Am|U8|toFOLD|U8 ch
794Converts the specified character to foldcase. If the input is anything but an
795ASCII uppercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
796C<toFOLD_A> is equivalent. (There is no equivalent C<to_FOLD_L1> for the full
d0da05db 797Latin1 range, as the full generality of L</toFOLD_uvchr> is needed there.)
25200305 798
d0da05db
KW
799=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
800Converts the code point C<cp> to its foldcase version, and
801stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
802point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
803that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
804bytes since the foldcase version may be longer than the original character.
805
806The first code point of the foldcased version is returned
807(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
808
809=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
810Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its foldcase version, and
811stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
812that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
813bytes since the foldcase version may be longer than the original character.
814
815The first code point of the foldcased version is returned
816(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
817
818The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
819
820=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER|U8 ch
821Converts the specified character to lowercase. If the input is anything but an
822ASCII uppercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
c753c8d3 823C<toLOWER_A> is equivalent.
954c1994 824
1f607577 825=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER_L1|U8 ch
b7d90381
KW
826Converts the specified Latin1 character to lowercase. The results are
827undefined if the input doesn't fit in a byte.
1f607577
KW
828
829=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER_LC|U8 ch
830Converts the specified character to lowercase using the current locale's rules,
831if possible; otherwise returns the input character itself.
832
d0da05db
KW
833=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
834Converts the code point C<cp> to its lowercase version, and
835stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
836point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
837that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
838bytes since the lowercase version may be longer than the original character.
839
840The first code point of the lowercased version is returned
841(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
842
843=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
844Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its lowercase version, and
845stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
846that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
847bytes since the lowercase version may be longer than the original character.
848
849The first code point of the lowercased version is returned
850(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
851
852The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
853
25200305
KW
854=for apidoc Am|U8|toTITLE|U8 ch
855Converts the specified character to titlecase. If the input is anything but an
856ASCII lowercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
b7d90381 857C<toTITLE_A> is equivalent. (There is no C<toTITLE_L1> for the full Latin1
d0da05db 858range, as the full generality of L</toTITLE_uvchr> is needed there. Titlecase is
b7d90381 859not a concept used in locale handling, so there is no functionality for that.)
25200305 860
d0da05db
KW
861=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_uvchr|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
862Converts the code point C<cp> to its titlecase version, and
863stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. The code
864point is interpreted as native if less than 256; otherwise as Unicode. Note
1f607577
KW
865that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
866bytes since the titlecase version may be longer than the original character.
867
868The first code point of the titlecased version is returned
869(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
870
871=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
872Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its titlecase version, and
873stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
874that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
875bytes since the titlecase version may be longer than the original character.
876
877The first code point of the titlecased version is returned
878(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
879
880The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
881
954c1994 882=cut
353c9b6f 883
d0da05db 884XXX Still undocumented isVERTWS_uvchr and _utf8; it's unclear what their names
25200305 885really should be. Also toUPPER_LC and toFOLD_LC, which are subject to change.
243effed 886
8a58bdcf 887Note that these macros are repeated in Devel::PPPort, so should also be
62fa66b6
KW
888patched there. The file as of this writing is cpan/Devel-PPPort/parts/inc/misc
889
954c1994
GS
890*/
891
7c062697
KW
892/* Specify the widest unsigned type on the platform. Use U64TYPE because U64
893 * is known only in the perl core, and this macro can be called from outside
894 * that */
895#ifdef HAS_QUAD
896# define WIDEST_UTYPE U64TYPE
897#else
898# define WIDEST_UTYPE U32
899#endif
900
3912bc88
KW
901/* FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) returns true if c doesn't have a bit set other than in
902 * the lower 8. It is designed to be hopefully bomb-proof, making sure that no
903 * bits of information are lost even on a 64-bit machine, but to get the
904 * compiler to optimize it out if possible. This is because Configure makes
905 * sure that the machine has an 8-bit byte, so if c is stored in a byte, the
906 * sizeof() guarantees that this evaluates to a constant true at compile time.
7e75d1a1
JH
907 *
908 * For Coverity, be always true, because otherwise Coverity thinks
909 * it finds several expressions that are always true, independent
910 * of operands. Well, they are, but that is kind of the point.
220c71bf 911 */
7e75d1a1 912#ifndef __COVERITY__
6c5b02ac
KW
913 /* The '| 0' part ensures a compiler error if c is not integer (like e.g., a
914 * pointer) */
915#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) ( (sizeof(c) == 1) \
916 || !(((WIDEST_UTYPE)(c | 0)) & ~0xFF))
7e75d1a1
JH
917#else
918#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) (1)
919#endif
cf301eb7 920
41f43cc2 921#ifdef EBCDIC
b6340bd0 922# ifndef _ALL_SOURCE
0852beac
KW
923 /* The native libc isascii() et.al. functions return the wrong results
924 * on at least z/OS unless this is defined. */
b6340bd0
KW
925# error _ALL_SOURCE should probably be defined
926# endif
41f43cc2 927#else
0852beac
KW
928 /* There is a simple definition of ASCII for ASCII platforms. But the
929 * EBCDIC one isn't so simple, so is defined using table look-up like the
9c903d59 930 * other macros below.
3f3c579d
KW
931 *
932 * The cast here is used instead of '(c) >= 0', because some compilers emit
933 * a warning that that test is always true when the parameter is an
934 * unsigned type. khw supposes that it could be written as
935 * && ((c) == '\0' || (c) > 0)
936 * to avoid the message, but the cast will likely avoid extra branches even
937 * with stupid compilers.
938 *
939 * The '| 0' part ensures a compiler error if c is not integer (like e.g.,
940 * a pointer) */
9c903d59 941# define isASCII(c) ((WIDEST_UTYPE)((c) | 0) < 128)
41f43cc2
KW
942#endif
943
c2da0b36
KW
944/* The lower 3 bits in both the ASCII and EBCDIC representations of '0' are 0,
945 * and the 8 possible permutations of those bits exactly comprise the 8 octal
946 * digits */
3d33b3e3 947#define isOCTAL_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (0xF8 & (c)) == '0')
c2da0b36 948
9fb1bf9d 949#ifdef H_PERL /* If have access to perl.h, lookup in its table */
f4cdb42c 950
a500dc72
KW
951/* Character class numbers. For internal core Perl use only. The ones less
952 * than 32 are used in PL_charclass[] and the ones up through the one that
953 * corresponds to <_HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC> are used by regcomp.h and
954 * related files. PL_charclass ones use names used in l1_char_class_tab.h but
955 * their actual definitions are here. If that file has a name not used here,
956 * it won't compile.
1709d539
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957 *
958 * The first group of these is ordered in what I (khw) estimate to be the
31c7f561
KW
959 * frequency of their use. This gives a slight edge to exiting a loop earlier
960 * (in reginclass() in regexec.c) */
1709d539
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961# define _CC_WORDCHAR 0 /* \w and [:word:] */
962# define _CC_DIGIT 1 /* \d and [:digit:] */
963# define _CC_ALPHA 2 /* [:alpha:] */
964# define _CC_LOWER 3 /* [:lower:] */
965# define _CC_UPPER 4 /* [:upper:] */
966# define _CC_PUNCT 5 /* [:punct:] */
967# define _CC_PRINT 6 /* [:print:] */
15861f94 968# define _CC_ALPHANUMERIC 7 /* [:alnum:] */
1709d539 969# define _CC_GRAPH 8 /* [:graph:] */
b0d691b2 970# define _CC_CASED 9 /* [:lower:] and [:upper:] under /i */
1709d539 971
b0d691b2 972#define _FIRST_NON_SWASH_CC 10
1709d539
KW
973/* The character classes above are implemented with swashes. The second group
974 * (just below) contains the ones implemented without. These are also sorted
975 * in rough order of the frequency of their use, except that \v should be last,
976 * as it isn't a real Posix character class, and some (small) inefficiencies in
977 * regular expression handling would be introduced by putting it in the middle
978 * of those that are. Also, cntrl and ascii come after the others as it may be
979 * useful to group these which have no members that match above Latin1, (or
980 * above ASCII in the latter case) */
981
779cf272 982# define _CC_SPACE 10 /* \s, [:space:] */
b0d691b2
KW
983# define _CC_BLANK 11 /* [:blank:] */
984# define _CC_XDIGIT 12 /* [:xdigit:] */
779cf272
KW
985# define _CC_CNTRL 13 /* [:cntrl:] */
986# define _CC_ASCII 14 /* [:ascii:] */
987# define _CC_VERTSPACE 15 /* \v */
1709d539 988
a0947d7b
KW
989# define _HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC _CC_VERTSPACE
990
1709d539 991/* The members of the third group below do not need to be coordinated with data
3ffc8c70 992 * structures in regcomp.[ch] and regexec.c. */
779cf272
KW
993# define _CC_IDFIRST 16
994# define _CC_CHARNAME_CONT 17
995# define _CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD 18
996# define _CC_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD 19
997# define _CC_QUOTEMETA 20
998# define _CC_NON_FINAL_FOLD 21
999# define _CC_IS_IN_SOME_FOLD 22
1000# define _CC_MNEMONIC_CNTRL 23
073c22b3
KW
1001
1002/* This next group is only used on EBCDIC platforms, so theoretically could be
1003 * shared with something entirely different that's only on ASCII platforms */
5d5376e2
KW
1004# define _CC_UTF8_START_BYTE_IS_FOR_AT_LEAST_SURROGATE 28
1005# define _CC_UTF8_IS_START 29
1006# define _CC_UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START 30
1007# define _CC_UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION 31
1008/* Unused: 24-27
f4cdb42c
KW
1009 * If more bits are needed, one could add a second word for non-64bit
1010 * QUAD_IS_INT systems, using some #ifdefs to distinguish between having a 2nd
37ede926
KW
1011 * word or not. The IS_IN_SOME_FOLD bit is the most easily expendable, as it
1012 * is used only for optimization (as of this writing), and differs in the
1013 * Latin1 range from the ALPHA bit only in two relatively unimportant
a500dc72 1014 * characters: the masculine and feminine ordinal indicators, so removing it
073c22b3
KW
1015 * would just cause /i regexes which match them to run less efficiently.
1016 * Similarly the EBCDIC-only bits are used just for speed, and could be
1017 * replaced by other means */
96ac0975 1018
3a371f2f
KW
1019#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT)
1020/* An enum version of the character class numbers, to help compilers
1021 * optimize */
1022typedef enum {
3a371f2f 1023 _CC_ENUM_ALPHA = _CC_ALPHA,
e8d596e0
KW
1024 _CC_ENUM_ALPHANUMERIC = _CC_ALPHANUMERIC,
1025 _CC_ENUM_ASCII = _CC_ASCII,
1026 _CC_ENUM_BLANK = _CC_BLANK,
b0d691b2 1027 _CC_ENUM_CASED = _CC_CASED,
e8d596e0 1028 _CC_ENUM_CNTRL = _CC_CNTRL,
3a371f2f
KW
1029 _CC_ENUM_DIGIT = _CC_DIGIT,
1030 _CC_ENUM_GRAPH = _CC_GRAPH,
1031 _CC_ENUM_LOWER = _CC_LOWER,
1032 _CC_ENUM_PRINT = _CC_PRINT,
1033 _CC_ENUM_PUNCT = _CC_PUNCT,
e8d596e0 1034 _CC_ENUM_SPACE = _CC_SPACE,
3a371f2f 1035 _CC_ENUM_UPPER = _CC_UPPER,
e8d596e0 1036 _CC_ENUM_VERTSPACE = _CC_VERTSPACE,
3a371f2f 1037 _CC_ENUM_WORDCHAR = _CC_WORDCHAR,
e8d596e0 1038 _CC_ENUM_XDIGIT = _CC_XDIGIT
3a371f2f
KW
1039} _char_class_number;
1040#endif
1041
63c61c3f 1042#define POSIX_SWASH_COUNT _FIRST_NON_SWASH_CC
86f72d56 1043#define POSIX_CC_COUNT (_HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC + 1)
63c61c3f 1044
b7d90381
KW
1045#if defined(PERL_IN_UTF8_C) \
1046 || defined(PERL_IN_REGCOMP_C) \
1047 || defined(PERL_IN_REGEXEC_C)
922e8cb4 1048# if _CC_WORDCHAR != 0 || _CC_DIGIT != 1 || _CC_ALPHA != 2 || _CC_LOWER != 3 \
b0d691b2
KW
1049 || _CC_UPPER != 4 || _CC_PUNCT != 5 || _CC_PRINT != 6 \
1050 || _CC_ALPHANUMERIC != 7 || _CC_GRAPH != 8 || _CC_CASED != 9
922e8cb4
KW
1051 #error Need to adjust order of swash_property_names[]
1052# endif
1053
b44daeeb
KW
1054/* This is declared static in each of the few files that this is #defined for
1055 * to keep them from being publicly accessible. Hence there is a small amount
1056 * of wasted space */
1057
922e8cb4
KW
1058static const char* const swash_property_names[] = {
1059 "XPosixWord",
1060 "XPosixDigit",
1061 "XPosixAlpha",
1062 "XPosixLower",
1063 "XPosixUpper",
1064 "XPosixPunct",
1065 "XPosixPrint",
1066 "XPosixAlnum",
b0d691b2
KW
1067 "XPosixGraph",
1068 "Cased"
922e8cb4
KW
1069};
1070#endif
1071
6635f04f 1072START_EXTERN_C
96ac0975
NC
1073# ifdef DOINIT
1074EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[] = {
1075# include "l1_char_class_tab.h"
1076};
1077
1078# else /* ! DOINIT */
1079EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[];
1080# endif
6635f04f 1081END_EXTERN_C
96ac0975 1082
265c1f46 1083 /* The 1U keeps Solaris from griping when shifting sets the uppermost bit */
430b7c70 1084# define _CC_mask(classnum) (1U << (classnum))
4650c663
KW
1085
1086 /* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1087 * isALPHA */
ff7ecfc3 1088# define _generic_isCC(c, classnum) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
f4cd282c 1089 && (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(classnum)))
4eeeb416 1090
f4cdb42c
KW
1091 /* The mask for the _A versions of the macros; it just adds in the bit for
1092 * ASCII. */
1093# define _CC_mask_A(classnum) (_CC_mask(classnum) | _CC_mask(_CC_ASCII))
1094
4650c663
KW
1095 /* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1096 * isALPHA_A. The foo_A version makes sure that both the desired bit and
1097 * the ASCII bit are present */
b7d90381
KW
1098# define _generic_isCC_A(c, classnum) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1099 && ((PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask_A(classnum)) \
1100 == _CC_mask_A(classnum)))
f4cdb42c 1101
f4cdb42c 1102# define isALPHA_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_ALPHA)
15861f94 1103# define isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC)
f4cdb42c
KW
1104# define isBLANK_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_BLANK)
1105# define isCNTRL_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_CNTRL)
96ca48da 1106# define isDIGIT_A(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_DIGIT) /* No non-ASCII digits */
f4cdb42c
KW
1107# define isGRAPH_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_GRAPH)
1108# define isLOWER_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_LOWER)
1109# define isPRINT_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_PRINT)
f4cdb42c
KW
1110# define isPUNCT_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_PUNCT)
1111# define isSPACE_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_SPACE)
1112# define isUPPER_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_UPPER)
1113# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_WORDCHAR)
b7d90381
KW
1114# define isXDIGIT_A(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_XDIGIT) /* No non-ASCII xdigits
1115 */
d95f8b6a 1116# define isIDFIRST_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_IDFIRST)
3ded5eb0
KW
1117# define isALPHA_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ALPHA)
1118# define isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC)
1119# define isBLANK_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_BLANK)
1120
1121 /* continuation character for legal NAME in \N{NAME} */
1122# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_CHARNAME_CONT)
1123
1124# define isCNTRL_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_CNTRL)
1125# define isGRAPH_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_GRAPH)
1126# define isLOWER_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_LOWER)
1127# define isPRINT_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_PRINT)
b7d90381 1128# define isPSXSPC_L1(c) isSPACE_L1(c)
3ded5eb0
KW
1129# define isPUNCT_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_PUNCT)
1130# define isSPACE_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_SPACE)
1131# define isUPPER_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_UPPER)
1132# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_WORDCHAR)
1133# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_IDFIRST)
f4cdb42c 1134
0852beac
KW
1135# ifdef EBCDIC
1136# define isASCII(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ASCII)
1137# endif
1138
f12c0118
KW
1139 /* Participates in a single-character fold with a character above 255 */
1140# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(_CC_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD)))
1141
1142 /* Like the above, but also can be part of a multi-char fold */
f4cd282c 1143# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(_CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD)))
430b7c70 1144
4eeeb416 1145# define _isQUOTEMETA(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_QUOTEMETA)
26faadbd 1146# define _IS_NON_FINAL_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
b7d90381 1147 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_NON_FINAL_FOLD)
37ede926 1148# define _IS_IN_SOME_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
b7d90381 1149 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_IS_IN_SOME_FOLD)
8e35b056
KW
1150# define _IS_MNEMONIC_CNTRL_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
1151 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_MNEMONIC_CNTRL)
687c8d01 1152#else /* else we don't have perl.h H_PERL */
3ded5eb0
KW
1153
1154 /* If we don't have perl.h, we are compiling a utility program. Below we
1155 * hard-code various macro definitions that wouldn't otherwise be available
0852beac
KW
1156 * to it. Most are coded based on first principals. First some ones common
1157 * to both ASCII and EBCDIC */
1158# define isDIGIT_A(c) ((c) <= '9' && (c) >= '0')
1159# define isBLANK_A(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')
1160# define isSPACE_A(c) (isBLANK_A(c) \
1161 || (c) == '\n' \
1162 || (c) == '\r' \
1163 || (c) == '\v' \
1164 || (c) == '\f')
1165# ifdef EBCDIC /* There are gaps between 'i' and 'j'; 'r' and 's'. Same
1166 for uppercase. This is ordered to exclude most things
1167 early */
1168# define isLOWER_A(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z' \
1169 && ((c) <= 'i' \
1170 || ((c) >= 'j' && (c) <= 'r') \
1171 || (c) >= 's'))
1172# define isUPPER_A(c) ((c) >= 'A' && (c) <= 'Z' \
1173 && ((c) <= 'I' \
1174 || ((c) >= 'J' && (c) <= 'R') \
1175 || (c) >= 'S'))
1176# else /* ASCII platform. */
9fb1bf9d 1177# define isLOWER_A(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z')
2181da29 1178# define isUPPER_A(c) ((c) <= 'Z' && (c) >= 'A')
0852beac
KW
1179# endif
1180
1181 /* Some more ASCII, non-ASCII common definitions */
a4d7a999
KW
1182# define isALPHA_A(c) (isUPPER_A(c) || isLOWER_A(c))
1183# define isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
3ded5eb0 1184# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) (isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) || (c) == '_')
0852beac
KW
1185# define isIDFIRST_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || (c) == '_')
1186# define isXDIGIT_A(c) (isDIGIT_A(c) \
1187 || ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'f') \
a4d7a999 1188 || ((c) <= 'F' && (c) >= 'A'))
3ded5eb0 1189
0852beac
KW
1190# ifdef EBCDIC
1191# define isPUNCT_A(c) ((c) == '-' || (c) == '!' || (c) == '"' \
1192 || (c) == '#' || (c) == '$' || (c) == '%' \
1193 || (c) == '&' || (c) == '\'' || (c) == '(' \
1194 || (c) == ')' || (c) == '*' || (c) == '+' \
1195 || (c) == ',' || (c) == '.' || (c) == '/' \
1196 || (c) == ':' || (c) == ';' || (c) == '<' \
1197 || (c) == '=' || (c) == '>' || (c) == '?' \
1198 || (c) == '@' || (c) == '[' || (c) == '\\' \
1199 || (c) == ']' || (c) == '^' || (c) == '_' \
1200 || (c) == '`' || (c) == '{' || (c) == '|' \
1201 || (c) == '}' || (c) == '~')
1202# define isGRAPH_A(c) (isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) || isPUNCT_A(c))
1203# define isPRINT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) || (c) == ' ')
1204
1205# ifdef QUESTION_MARK_CTRL
1206# define _isQMC(c) ((c) == QUESTION_MARK_CTRL)
1207# else
1208# define _isQMC(c) 0
1209# endif
1210
1211 /* I (khw) can't think of a way to define all the ASCII controls
1212 * without resorting to a libc (locale-sensitive) call. But we know
1213 * that all controls but the question-mark one are in the range 0-0x3f.
1214 * This makes sure that all the controls that have names are included,
1215 * and all controls that are also considered ASCII in the locale. This
1216 * may include more or fewer than what it actually should, but the
1217 * wrong ones are less-important controls, so likely won't impact
1218 * things (keep in mind that this is compiled only if perl.h isn't
1219 * available). The question mark control is included if available */
1220# define isCNTRL_A(c) (((c) < 0x40 && isascii(c)) \
1221 || (c) == '\0' || (c) == '\a' || (c) == '\b' \
1222 || (c) == '\f' || (c) == '\n' || (c) == '\r' \
1223 || (c) == '\t' || (c) == '\v' || _isQMC(c))
1224
1225# define isASCII(c) (isCNTRL_A(c) || isPRINT_A(c))
1226# else /* ASCII platform; things are simpler, and isASCII has already
1227 been defined */
1228# define isGRAPH_A(c) (((c) > ' ' && (c) < 127))
1229# define isPRINT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) || (c) == ' ')
1230# define isPUNCT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) && (! isALPHANUMERIC_A(c)))
1231# define isCNTRL_A(c) (isASCII(c) && (! isPRINT_A(c)))
1232# endif
1233
3ffc8c70 1234 /* The _L1 macros may be unnecessary for the utilities; I (khw) added them
caa94d35
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1235 * during debugging, and it seems best to keep them. We may be called
1236 * without NATIVE_TO_LATIN1 being defined. On ASCII platforms, it doesn't
1237 * do anything anyway, so make it not a problem */
1238# if ! defined(EBCDIC) && ! defined(NATIVE_TO_LATIN1)
1239# define NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(ch) (ch)
1240# endif
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1241# define isALPHA_L1(c) (isUPPER_L1(c) || isLOWER_L1(c))
1242# define isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c) (isALPHA_L1(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
1243# define isBLANK_L1(c) (isBLANK_A(c) \
1244 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1245 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA0))
1246# define isCNTRL_L1(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (! isPRINT_L1(c)))
1247# define isGRAPH_L1(c) (isPRINT_L1(c) && (! isBLANK_L1(c)))
1248# define isLOWER_L1(c) (isLOWER_A(c) \
1249 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1250 && ((NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xDF \
1251 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) != 0xF7) \
1252 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xAA \
1253 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBA \
1254 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB5)))
1255# define isPRINT_L1(c) (isPRINT_A(c) \
1256 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1257 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xA0))
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1258# define isPUNCT_L1(c) (isPUNCT_A(c) \
1259 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1260 && (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA1 \
1261 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA7 \
1262 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xAB \
1263 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB6 \
1264 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB7 \
1265 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBB \
1266 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBF)))
1267# define isSPACE_L1(c) (isSPACE_A(c) \
1268 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1269 && (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0x85 \
1270 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA0)))
1271# define isUPPER_L1(c) (isUPPER_A(c) \
1272 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1273 && (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xC0 \
1274 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) <= 0xDE \
1275 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) != 0xD7)))
1276# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) (isIDFIRST_L1(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
1277# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) (isALPHA_L1(c) || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(c) == '_')
1278# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) (isWORDCHAR_L1(c) \
1279 || isBLANK_L1(c) \
1280 || (c) == '-' \
1281 || (c) == '(' \
1282 || (c) == ')')
1283 /* The following are not fully accurate in the above-ASCII range. I (khw)
1284 * don't think it's necessary to be so for the purposes where this gets
1285 * compiled */
1286# define _isQUOTEMETA(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && ! isWORDCHAR_L1(c))
1287# define _IS_IN_SOME_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
1288
1289 /* And these aren't accurate at all. They are useful only for above
1290 * Latin1, which utilities and bootstrapping don't deal with */
1291# define _IS_NON_FINAL_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) 0
6838b41e 1292# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) 0
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1293# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) 0
1294
1295 /* Many of the macros later in this file are defined in terms of these. By
1296 * implementing them with a function, which converts the class number into
1297 * a call to the desired macro, all of the later ones work. However, that
1298 * function won't be actually defined when building a utility program (no
1299 * perl.h), and so a compiler error will be generated if one is attempted
1300 * to be used. And the above-Latin1 code points require Unicode tables to
1301 * be present, something unlikely to be the case when bootstrapping */
1302# define _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
1303 (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && S_bootstrap_ctype((U8) (c), (classnum), TRUE))
1304# define _generic_isCC_A(c, classnum) \
1305 (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && S_bootstrap_ctype((U8) (c), (classnum), FALSE))
687c8d01 1306#endif /* End of no perl.h H_PERL */
8a58bdcf 1307
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1308#define isALPHANUMERIC(c) isALPHANUMERIC_A(c)
1309#define isALPHA(c) isALPHA_A(c)
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1310#define isASCII_A(c) isASCII(c)
1311#define isASCII_L1(c) isASCII(c)
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1312#define isBLANK(c) isBLANK_A(c)
1313#define isCNTRL(c) isCNTRL_A(c)
1314#define isDIGIT(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
1315#define isGRAPH(c) isGRAPH_A(c)
1316#define isIDFIRST(c) isIDFIRST_A(c)
1317#define isLOWER(c) isLOWER_A(c)
1318#define isPRINT(c) isPRINT_A(c)
779cf272 1319#define isPSXSPC_A(c) isSPACE_A(c)
e66b99e9 1320#define isPSXSPC(c) isPSXSPC_A(c)
779cf272 1321#define isPSXSPC_L1(c) isSPACE_L1(c)
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1322#define isPUNCT(c) isPUNCT_A(c)
1323#define isSPACE(c) isSPACE_A(c)
1324#define isUPPER(c) isUPPER_A(c)
1325#define isWORDCHAR(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
1326#define isXDIGIT(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
1327
1328/* ASCII casing. These could also be written as
1329 #define toLOWER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toLOWER_LATIN1(c) : (c))
1330 #define toUPPER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) : (c))
1331 which uses table lookup and mask instead of subtraction. (This would
1332 work because the _MOD does not apply in the ASCII range) */
68067e4e
DM
1333#define toLOWER(c) (isUPPER(c) ? (U8)((c) + ('a' - 'A')) : (c))
1334#define toUPPER(c) (isLOWER(c) ? (U8)((c) - ('a' - 'A')) : (c))
bbce6d69 1335
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1336/* In the ASCII range, these are equivalent to what they're here defined to be.
1337 * But by creating these definitions, other code doesn't have to be aware of
1338 * this detail */
1339#define toFOLD(c) toLOWER(c)
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1340#define toTITLE(c) toUPPER(c)
1341
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1342#define toLOWER_A(c) toLOWER(c)
1343#define toUPPER_A(c) toUPPER(c)
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1344#define toFOLD_A(c) toFOLD(c)
1345#define toTITLE_A(c) toTITLE(c)
1a0901db 1346
4650c663 1347/* Use table lookup for speed; returns the input itself if is out-of-range */
b2bf251f 1348#define toLOWER_LATIN1(c) ((! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
8e7c6e7d 1349 ? (c) \
f4cd282c 1350 : PL_latin1_lc[ (U8) (c) ])
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1351#define toLOWER_L1(c) toLOWER_LATIN1(c) /* Synonym for consistency */
1352
1a0901db 1353/* Modified uc. Is correct uc except for three non-ascii chars which are
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1354 * all mapped to one of them, and these need special handling; returns the
1355 * input itself if is out-of-range */
b2bf251f 1356#define toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) ((! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
8e7c6e7d 1357 ? (c) \
f4cd282c 1358 : PL_mod_latin1_uc[ (U8) (c) ])
31f05a37 1359#define IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE PL_in_utf8_CTYPE_locale
84061b6a 1360
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1361/* Use foo_LC_uvchr() instead of these for beyond the Latin1 range */
1362
1363/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1364 * isALPHA_LC, which uses the current LC_CTYPE locale. 'c' is the code point
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1365 * (0-255) to check. In a UTF-8 locale, the result is the same as calling
1366 * isFOO_L1(); the 'utf8_locale_classnum' parameter is something like
1367 * _CC_UPPER, which gives the class number for doing this. For non-UTF-8
1368 * locales, the code to actually do the test this is passed in 'non_utf8'. If
1369 * 'c' is above 255, 0 is returned. For accessing the full range of possible
1370 * code points under locale rules, use the macros based on _generic_LC_uvchr
1371 * instead of this. */
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1372#define _generic_LC_base(c, utf8_locale_classnum, non_utf8) \
1373 (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1374 ? 0 \
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1375 : IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE \
1376 ? cBOOL(PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(utf8_locale_classnum)) \
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1377 : cBOOL(non_utf8))
1378
1379/* For internal core Perl use only: a helper macro for defining macros like
1380 * isALPHA_LC. 'c' is the code point (0-255) to check. The function name to
1381 * actually do this test is passed in 'non_utf8_func', which is called on 'c',
1382 * casting 'c' to the macro _LC_CAST, which should not be parenthesized. See
1383 * _generic_LC_base for more info */
1384#define _generic_LC(c, utf8_locale_classnum, non_utf8_func) \
1385 _generic_LC_base(c,utf8_locale_classnum, \
1386 non_utf8_func( (_LC_CAST) (c)))
1387
1388/* For internal core Perl use only: like _generic_LC, but also returns TRUE if
1389 * 'c' is the platform's native underscore character */
1390#define _generic_LC_underscore(c,utf8_locale_classnum,non_utf8_func) \
1391 _generic_LC_base(c, utf8_locale_classnum, \
1392 (non_utf8_func( (_LC_CAST) (c)) \
1393 || (char)(c) == '_'))
1394
1395/* These next three are also for internal core Perl use only: case-change
1396 * helper macros */
1397#define _generic_toLOWER_LC(c, function, cast) (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1398 ? (c) \
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1399 : (IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
1400 ? PL_latin1_lc[ (U8) (c) ] \
d2a8cf7f 1401 : (cast)function((cast)(c)))
beab9ebe 1402
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1403/* Note that the result can be larger than a byte in a UTF-8 locale. It
1404 * returns a single value, so can't adequately return the upper case of LATIN
1405 * SMALL LETTER SHARP S in a UTF-8 locale (which should be a string of two
1406 * values "SS"); instead it asserts against that under DEBUGGING, and
1407 * otherwise returns its input */
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1408#define _generic_toUPPER_LC(c, function, cast) \
1409 (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1410 ? (c) \
31f05a37 1411 : ((! IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
b7d90381 1412 ? (cast)function((cast)(c)) \
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1413 : ((((U8)(c)) == MICRO_SIGN) \
1414 ? GREEK_CAPITAL_LETTER_MU \
1415 : ((((U8)(c)) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS) \
1416 ? LATIN_CAPITAL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS \
1417 : ((((U8)(c)) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S) \
1418 ? (__ASSERT_(0) (c)) \
1419 : PL_mod_latin1_uc[ (U8) (c) ])))))
1420
1421/* Note that the result can be larger than a byte in a UTF-8 locale. It
1422 * returns a single value, so can't adequately return the fold case of LATIN
1423 * SMALL LETTER SHARP S in a UTF-8 locale (which should be a string of two
1424 * values "ss"); instead it asserts against that under DEBUGGING, and
1425 * otherwise returns its input */
beab9ebe 1426#define _generic_toFOLD_LC(c, function, cast) \
4d7db1b9 1427 ((UNLIKELY((c) == MICRO_SIGN) && IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
31f05a37 1428 ? GREEK_SMALL_LETTER_MU \
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1429 : (__ASSERT_(! IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE \
1430 || (c) != LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S) \
1431 _generic_toLOWER_LC(c, function, cast)))
beab9ebe 1432
84061b6a 1433/* Use the libc versions for these if available. */
f05550c0 1434#if defined(HAS_ISASCII)
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1435# define isASCII_LC(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && isascii( (U8) (c)))
1436#else
1437# define isASCII_LC(c) isASCII(c)
1438#endif
1439
f05550c0 1440#if defined(HAS_ISBLANK)
84061b6a 1441# define isBLANK_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_BLANK, isblank)
95f34b6f 1442#else /* Unlike isASCII, varies if in a UTF-8 locale */
278b2b56 1443# define isBLANK_LC(c) ((IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) ? isBLANK_L1(c) : isBLANK(c))
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KW
1444#endif
1445
f05550c0 1446#define _LC_CAST U8
bbce6d69 1447
f05550c0 1448#ifdef WIN32
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1449 /* The Windows functions don't bother to follow the POSIX standard, which
1450 * for example says that something can't both be a printable and a control.
1451 * But Windows treats the \t control as a printable, and does such things
1452 * as making superscripts into both digits and punctuation. This tames
1453 * these flaws by assuming that the definitions of both controls and space
1454 * are correct, and then making sure that other definitions don't have
1455 * weirdnesses, by making sure that isalnum() isn't also ispunct(), etc.
1456 * Not all possible weirdnesses are checked for, just the ones that were
1457 * detected on actual Microsoft code pages */
1458
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1459# define isCNTRL_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_CNTRL, iscntrl)
1460# define isSPACE_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_SPACE, isspace)
1461
1462# define isALPHA_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHA, isalpha) \
1463 && isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
1464# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, isalnum) && \
1465 ! isPUNCT_LC(c))
1466# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_DIGIT, isdigit) && \
1467 isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
1468# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_GRAPH, isgraph) && isPRINT_LC(c))
1469# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (((c) == '_') \
1470 || (_generic_LC(c, _CC_IDFIRST, isalpha) && ! isPUNCT_LC(c)))
1471# define isLOWER_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_LOWER, islower) && isALPHA_LC(c))
1472# define isPRINT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_PRINT, isprint) && ! isCNTRL_LC(c))
1473# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_PUNCT, ispunct) && ! isCNTRL_LC(c))
1474# define isUPPER_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_UPPER, isupper) && isALPHA_LC(c))
f05550c0 1475# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) (((c) == '_') || isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
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1476# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_XDIGIT, isxdigit) \
1477 && isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
f05550c0
BF
1478
1479# define toLOWER_LC(c) _generic_toLOWER_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1480# define toUPPER_LC(c) _generic_toUPPER_LC((c), toupper, U8)
1481# define toFOLD_LC(c) _generic_toFOLD_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1482
1483#elif defined(CTYPE256) || (!defined(isascii) && !defined(HAS_ISASCII))
4650c663 1484 /* For most other platforms */
beab9ebe 1485
f05550c0
BF
1486# define isALPHA_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHA, isalpha)
1487# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, isalnum)
1488# define isCNTRL_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_CNTRL, iscntrl)
1489# define isDIGIT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_DIGIT, isdigit)
1490# define isGRAPH_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_GRAPH, isgraph)
1491# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) _generic_LC_underscore(c, _CC_IDFIRST, isalpha)
1492# define isLOWER_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_LOWER, islower)
1493# define isPRINT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_PRINT, isprint)
1494# define isPUNCT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_PUNCT, ispunct)
1495# define isSPACE_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_SPACE, isspace)
1496# define isUPPER_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_UPPER, isupper)
1497# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) _generic_LC_underscore(c, _CC_WORDCHAR, isalnum)
1498# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_XDIGIT, isxdigit)
1499
1500
1501# define toLOWER_LC(c) _generic_toLOWER_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1502# define toUPPER_LC(c) _generic_toUPPER_LC((c), toupper, U8)
1503# define toFOLD_LC(c) _generic_toFOLD_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1504
1505#else /* The final fallback position */
1506
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1507# define isALPHA_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalpha(c))
1508# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalnum(c))
1509# define isCNTRL_LC(c) (isascii(c) && iscntrl(c))
1510# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isdigit(c))
1511# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isgraph(c))
f05550c0 1512# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalpha(c) || (c) == '_'))
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1513# define isLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && islower(c))
1514# define isPRINT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isprint(c))
1515# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && ispunct(c))
1516# define isSPACE_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isspace(c))
1517# define isUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isupper(c))
f05550c0 1518# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalnum(c) || (c) == '_'))
b7d90381 1519# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isxdigit(c))
f05550c0
BF
1520
1521# define toLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
1522# define toUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? toupper(c) : (c))
1523# define toFOLD_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
bbce6d69 1524
f05550c0 1525#endif
55204971 1526
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1527#define isIDCONT(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
1528#define isIDCONT_A(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
1529#define isIDCONT_L1(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
1530#define isIDCONT_LC(c) isWORDCHAR_LC(c)
13380643 1531#define isPSXSPC_LC(c) isSPACE_LC(c)
aaa51d5e 1532
4650c663 1533/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
d0da05db
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1534 * isALPHA_uvchr. 'c' is the code point to check. 'classnum' is the POSIX class
1535 * number defined earlier in this file. _generic_uvchr() is used for POSIX
4650c663
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1536 * classes where there is a macro or function 'above_latin1' that takes the
1537 * single argument 'c' and returns the desired value. These exist for those
1538 * classes which have simple definitions, avoiding the overhead of a hash
d0da05db 1539 * lookup or inversion list binary search. _generic_swash_uvchr() can be used
4650c663 1540 * for classes where that overhead is faster than a direct lookup.
d0da05db 1541 * _generic_uvchr() won't compile if 'c' isn't unsigned, as it won't match the
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1542 * 'above_latin1' prototype. _generic_isCC() macro does bounds checking, so
1543 * have duplicate checks here, so could create versions of the macros that
1544 * don't, but experiments show that gcc optimizes them out anyway. */
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1545
1546/* Note that all ignore 'use bytes' */
d0da05db 1547#define _generic_uvchr(classnum, above_latin1, c) ((c) < 256 \
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1548 ? _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
1549 : above_latin1(c))
d0da05db 1550#define _generic_swash_uvchr(classnum, c) ((c) < 256 \
cd500f2f 1551 ? _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
922e8cb4 1552 : _is_uni_FOO(classnum, c))
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1553#define isALPHA_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_ALPHA, c)
1554#define isALPHANUMERIC_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_ALPHANUMERIC, c)
1555#define isASCII_uvchr(c) isASCII(c)
1556#define isBLANK_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_BLANK, is_HORIZWS_cp_high, c)
1557#define isCNTRL_uvchr(c) isCNTRL_L1(c) /* All controls are in Latin1 */
1558#define isDIGIT_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_DIGIT, c)
1559#define isGRAPH_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_GRAPH, c)
1560#define isIDCONT_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_WORDCHAR, _is_uni_perl_idcont, c)
1561#define isIDFIRST_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_IDFIRST, _is_uni_perl_idstart, c)
1562#define isLOWER_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_LOWER, c)
1563#define isPRINT_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_PRINT, c)
1564
1565#define isPUNCT_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_PUNCT, c)
1566#define isSPACE_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_SPACE, is_XPERLSPACE_cp_high, c)
1567#define isPSXSPC_uvchr(c) isSPACE_uvchr(c)
1568
1569#define isUPPER_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_UPPER, c)
1570#define isVERTWS_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_VERTSPACE, is_VERTWS_cp_high, c)
1571#define isWORDCHAR_uvchr(c) _generic_swash_uvchr(_CC_WORDCHAR, c)
1572#define isXDIGIT_uvchr(c) _generic_uvchr(_CC_XDIGIT, is_XDIGIT_cp_high, c)
1573
1574#define toFOLD_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_fold(c,s,l)
1575#define toLOWER_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_lower(c,s,l)
1576#define toTITLE_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_title(c,s,l)
1577#define toUPPER_uvchr(c,s,l) to_uni_upper(c,s,l)
1578
1579/* For backwards compatibility, even though '_uni' should mean official Unicode
1580 * code points, in Perl it means native for those below 256 */
1581#define isALPHA_uni(c) isALPHA_uvchr(c)
1582#define isALPHANUMERIC_uni(c) isALPHANUMERIC_uvchr(c)
1583#define isASCII_uni(c) isASCII_uvchr(c)
1584#define isBLANK_uni(c) isBLANK_uvchr(c)
1585#define isCNTRL_uni(c) isCNTRL_uvchr(c)
1586#define isDIGIT_uni(c) isDIGIT_uvchr(c)
1587#define isGRAPH_uni(c) isGRAPH_uvchr(c)
1588#define isIDCONT_uni(c) isIDCONT_uvchr(c)
1589#define isIDFIRST_uni(c) isIDFIRST_uvchr(c)
1590#define isLOWER_uni(c) isLOWER_uvchr(c)
1591#define isPRINT_uni(c) isPRINT_uvchr(c)
1592#define isPUNCT_uni(c) isPUNCT_uvchr(c)
1593#define isSPACE_uni(c) isSPACE_uvchr(c)
1594#define isPSXSPC_uni(c) isPSXSPC_uvchr(c)
1595#define isUPPER_uni(c) isUPPER_uvchr(c)
1596#define isVERTWS_uni(c) isVERTWS_uvchr(c)
1597#define isWORDCHAR_uni(c) isWORDCHAR_uvchr(c)
1598#define isXDIGIT_uni(c) isXDIGIT_uvchr(c)
1599#define toFOLD_uni(c,s,l) toFOLD_uvchr(c,s,l)
1600#define toLOWER_uni(c,s,l) toLOWER_uvchr(c,s,l)
1601#define toTITLE_uni(c,s,l) toTITLE_uvchr(c,s,l)
1602#define toUPPER_uni(c,s,l) toUPPER_uvchr(c,s,l)
a0ed51b3 1603
4650c663
KW
1604/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1605 * isALPHA_LC_uvchr. These are like isALPHA_LC, but the input can be any code
d0da05db 1606 * point, not just 0-255. Like _generic_uvchr, there are two versions, one for
4650c663 1607 * simple class definitions; the other for more complex. These are like
d0da05db 1608 * _generic_uvchr, so see it for more info. */
cd500f2f
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1609#define _generic_LC_uvchr(latin1, above_latin1, c) \
1610 (c < 256 ? latin1(c) : above_latin1(c))
1611#define _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(latin1, classnum, c) \
1612 (c < 256 ? latin1(c) : _is_uni_FOO(classnum, c))
1613
1614#define isALPHA_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isALPHA_LC, _CC_ALPHA, c)
1615#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isALPHANUMERIC_LC, \
1616 _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, c)
b7d90381
KW
1617#define isASCII_LC_uvchr(c) isASCII_LC(c)
1618#define isBLANK_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isBLANK_LC, \
1619 is_HORIZWS_cp_high, c)
feeab5a9 1620#define isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isCNTRL_LC(c) : 0)
cd500f2f
KW
1621#define isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isDIGIT_LC, _CC_DIGIT, c)
1622#define isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isGRAPH_LC, _CC_GRAPH, c)
b7d90381 1623#define isIDCONT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isIDCONT_LC, \
eba68aa0 1624 _is_uni_perl_idcont, c)
b7d90381 1625#define isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isIDFIRST_LC, \
cd500f2f
KW
1626 _is_uni_perl_idstart, c)
1627#define isLOWER_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isLOWER_LC, _CC_LOWER, c)
1628#define isPRINT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isPRINT_LC, _CC_PRINT, c)
b7d90381 1629#define isPSXSPC_LC_uvchr(c) isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c)
cd500f2f 1630#define isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isPUNCT_LC, _CC_PUNCT, c)
b7d90381 1631#define isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isSPACE_LC, \
509fb054 1632 is_XPERLSPACE_cp_high, c)
cd500f2f 1633#define isUPPER_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isUPPER_LC, _CC_UPPER, c)
b7d90381 1634#define isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isWORDCHAR_LC, \
cd500f2f 1635 _CC_WORDCHAR, c)
b7d90381
KW
1636#define isXDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isXDIGIT_LC, \
1637 is_XDIGIT_cp_high, c)
e712593e 1638
b7d90381 1639#define isBLANK_LC_uni(c) isBLANK_LC_uvchr(UNI_TO_NATIVE(c))
aaa51d5e 1640
4650c663
KW
1641/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1642 * isALPHA_utf8. These are like the earlier defined macros, but take an input
1643 * UTF-8 encoded string 'p'. If the input is in the Latin1 range, use
1644 * the Latin1 macro 'classnum' on 'p'. Otherwise use the value given by the
1645 * 'utf8' parameter. This relies on the fact that ASCII characters have the
1646 * same representation whether utf8 or not. Note that it assumes that the utf8
1647 * has been validated, and ignores 'use bytes' */
cd500f2f 1648#define _generic_utf8(classnum, p, utf8) (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p)) \
aea0c08c 1649 ? _generic_isCC(*(p), classnum) \
7d7a6efc 1650 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
aea0c08c 1651 ? _generic_isCC( \
a62b247b 1652 EIGHT_BIT_UTF8_TO_NATIVE(*(p), \
aea0c08c 1653 *((p)+1 )), \
94bb8c36 1654 classnum) \
252810d0 1655 : utf8)
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KW
1656/* Like the above, but calls 'above_latin1(p)' to get the utf8 value.
1657 * 'above_latin1' can be a macro */
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KW
1658#define _generic_func_utf8(classnum, above_latin1, p) \
1659 _generic_utf8(classnum, p, above_latin1(p))
4650c663 1660/* Like the above, but passes classnum to _isFOO_utf8(), instead of having an
cd500f2f 1661 * 'above_latin1' parameter */
922e8cb4 1662#define _generic_swash_utf8(classnum, p) \
cd500f2f 1663 _generic_utf8(classnum, p, _is_utf8_FOO(classnum, p))
922e8cb4 1664
cc8ab7c0 1665/* Like the above, but should be used only when it is known that there are no
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1666 * characters in the upper-Latin1 range (128-255 on ASCII platforms) which the
1667 * class is TRUE for. Hence it can skip the tests for this range.
1668 * 'above_latin1' should include its arguments */
3ded5eb0 1669#define _generic_utf8_no_upper_latin1(classnum, p, above_latin1) \
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KW
1670 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p)) \
1671 ? _generic_isCC(*(p), classnum) \
1672 : (UTF8_IS_ABOVE_LATIN1(*(p))) \
3ded5eb0 1673 ? above_latin1 \
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KW
1674 : 0)
1675
84238efa
KW
1676/* NOTE that some of these macros have very similar ones in regcharclass.h.
1677 * For example, there is (at the time of this writing) an 'is_SPACE_utf8()'
1678 * there, differing in name only by an underscore from the one here
1679 * 'isSPACE_utf8(). The difference is that the ones here are probably more
1680 * efficient and smaller, using an O(1) array lookup for Latin1-range code
1681 * points; the regcharclass.h ones are implemented as a series of
1682 * "if-else-if-else ..." */
1683
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1684#define isALPHA_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_ALPHA, p)
1685#define isALPHANUMERIC_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_ALPHANUMERIC, p)
1686#define isASCII_utf8(p) isASCII(*p) /* Because ASCII is invariant under
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1687 utf8, the non-utf8 macro works
1688 */
b7d90381 1689#define isBLANK_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_BLANK, is_HORIZWS_high, p)
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KW
1690
1691#ifdef EBCDIC
1692 /* Because all controls are UTF-8 invariants in EBCDIC, we can use this
1693 * more efficient macro instead of the more general one */
88794300 1694# define isCNTRL_utf8(p) isCNTRL_L1(*(p))
e8fa43e2
KW
1695#else
1696# define isCNTRL_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(_CC_CNTRL, p, 0)
1697#endif
1698
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KW
1699#define isDIGIT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8_no_upper_latin1(_CC_DIGIT, p, \
1700 _is_utf8_FOO(_CC_DIGIT, p))
922e8cb4 1701#define isGRAPH_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_GRAPH, p)
eba68aa0 1702#define isIDCONT_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_WORDCHAR, \
2f4622f0 1703 _is_utf8_perl_idcont, p)
e5dcd934 1704
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KW
1705/* To prevent S_scan_word in toke.c from hanging, we have to make sure that
1706 * IDFIRST is an alnum. See
c8362b00 1707 * http://rt.perl.org/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=74022 for more detail than you
f91dcd13
KW
1708 * ever wanted to know about. (In the ASCII range, there isn't a difference.)
1709 * This used to be not the XID version, but we decided to go with the more
1710 * modern Unicode definition */
b7d90381 1711#define isIDFIRST_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_IDFIRST, \
509fb054 1712 _is_utf8_perl_idstart, p)
e5dcd934 1713
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KW
1714#define isLOWER_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_LOWER, p)
1715#define isPRINT_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_PRINT, p)
1716#define isPSXSPC_utf8(p) isSPACE_utf8(p)
1717#define isPUNCT_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_PUNCT, p)
1718#define isSPACE_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_SPACE, is_XPERLSPACE_high, p)
1719#define isUPPER_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_UPPER, p)
1720#define isVERTWS_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_VERTSPACE, is_VERTWS_high, p)
1721#define isWORDCHAR_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_WORDCHAR, p)
1722#define isXDIGIT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8_no_upper_latin1(_CC_XDIGIT, p, \
cd500f2f 1723 is_XDIGIT_high(p))
a0ed51b3 1724
7d2b61dd 1725#define toFOLD_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_fold(p,s,l)
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KW
1726#define toLOWER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_lower(p,s,l)
1727#define toTITLE_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_title(p,s,l)
1728#define toUPPER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_upper(p,s,l)
2e8adce6 1729
4650c663
KW
1730/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1731 * isALPHA_LC_utf8. These are like _generic_utf8, but if the first code point
1732 * in 'p' is within the 0-255 range, it uses locale rules from the passed-in
1733 * 'macro' parameter */
94bb8c36
KW
1734#define _generic_LC_utf8(macro, p, utf8) \
1735 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p)) \
1736 ? macro(*(p)) \
1737 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
a62b247b 1738 ? macro(EIGHT_BIT_UTF8_TO_NATIVE(*(p), *((p)+1)))\
9201a572
KW
1739 : utf8)
1740
cd500f2f
KW
1741#define _generic_LC_swash_utf8(macro, classnum, p) \
1742 _generic_LC_utf8(macro, p, _is_utf8_FOO(classnum, p))
1743#define _generic_LC_func_utf8(macro, above_latin1, p) \
4650c663 1744 _generic_LC_utf8(macro, p, above_latin1(p))
9201a572 1745
b7d90381 1746#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isALPHANUMERIC_LC, \
cd500f2f 1747 _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, p)
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KW
1748#define isALPHA_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isALPHA_LC, _CC_ALPHA, p)
1749#define isASCII_LC_utf8(p) isASCII_LC(*p)
1750#define isBLANK_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isBLANK_LC, \
1751 is_HORIZWS_high, p)
1752#define isCNTRL_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(isCNTRL_LC, p, 0)
1753#define isDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isDIGIT_LC, _CC_DIGIT, p)
1754#define isGRAPH_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isGRAPH_LC, _CC_GRAPH, p)
1755#define isIDCONT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isIDCONT_LC, \
1756 _is_utf8_perl_idcont, p)
1757#define isIDFIRST_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isIDFIRST_LC, \
1758 _is_utf8_perl_idstart, p)
1759#define isLOWER_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isLOWER_LC, _CC_LOWER, p)
1760#define isPRINT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isPRINT_LC, _CC_PRINT, p)
1761#define isPSXSPC_LC_utf8(p) isSPACE_LC_utf8(p)
1762#define isPUNCT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isPUNCT_LC, _CC_PUNCT, p)
1763#define isSPACE_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isSPACE_LC, \
1764 is_XPERLSPACE_high, p)
1765#define isUPPER_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isUPPER_LC, _CC_UPPER, p)
cd500f2f
KW
1766#define isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isWORDCHAR_LC, \
1767 _CC_WORDCHAR, p)
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KW
1768#define isXDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isXDIGIT_LC, \
1769 is_XDIGIT_high, p)
aaa51d5e 1770
fbc19f27
KW
1771/* Macros for backwards compatibility and for completeness when the ASCII and
1772 * Latin1 values are identical */
b7d90381
KW
1773#define isALPHAU(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
1774#define isDIGIT_L1(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
1775#define isOCTAL(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
1776#define isOCTAL_L1(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
1777#define isXDIGIT_L1(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
1778#define isALNUM(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
1779#define isALNUMU(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
1780#define isALNUM_LC(c) isWORDCHAR_LC(c)
1781#define isALNUM_uni(c) isWORDCHAR_uni(c)
2e28f0b9 1782#define isALNUM_LC_uvchr(c) isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr(c)
b7d90381
KW
1783#define isALNUM_utf8(p) isWORDCHAR_utf8(p)
1784#define isALNUM_LC_utf8(p) isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8(p)
1785#define isALNUMC_A(c) isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) /* Mnemonic: "C's alnum" */
1786#define isALNUMC_L1(c) isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c)
1787#define isALNUMC(c) isALPHANUMERIC(c)
1788#define isALNUMC_LC(c) isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c)
1789#define isALNUMC_uni(c) isALPHANUMERIC_uni(c)
15861f94 1790#define isALNUMC_LC_uvchr(c) isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr(c)
b7d90381 1791#define isALNUMC_utf8(p) isALPHANUMERIC_utf8(p)
15861f94 1792#define isALNUMC_LC_utf8(p) isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8(p)
fbc19f27 1793
2bd1cbf6
KW
1794/* On EBCDIC platforms, CTRL-@ is 0, CTRL-A is 1, etc, just like on ASCII,
1795 * except that they don't necessarily mean the same characters, e.g. CTRL-D is
1796 * 4 on both systems, but that is EOT on ASCII; ST on EBCDIC.
1797 * '?' is special-cased on EBCDIC to APC, which is the control there that is
1798 * the outlier from the block that contains the other controls, just like
1799 * toCTRL('?') on ASCII yields DEL, the control that is the outlier from the C0
1800 * block. If it weren't special cased, it would yield a non-control.
88794300
KW
1801 * The conversion works both ways, so toCTRL('D') is 4, and toCTRL(4) is D,
1802 * etc. */
2bd1cbf6 1803#ifndef EBCDIC
75763b3a 1804# define toCTRL(c) (__ASSERT_(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) toUPPER(((U8)(c))) ^ 64)
2bd1cbf6 1805#else
75763b3a
KW
1806# define toCTRL(c) (__ASSERT_(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
1807 ((isPRINT_A(c)) \
1808 ? (UNLIKELY((c) == '?') \
1809 ? QUESTION_MARK_CTRL \
1810 : (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(toUPPER((U8) (c))) ^ 64)) \
1811 : (UNLIKELY((c) == QUESTION_MARK_CTRL) \
1812 ? '?' \
1813 : (LATIN1_TO_NATIVE(((U8) (c)) ^ 64)))))
2bd1cbf6 1814#endif
bbce6d69 1815
dea28490
JJ
1816/* Line numbers are unsigned, 32 bits. */
1817typedef U32 line_t;
e5dcd934 1818#define NOLINE ((line_t) 4294967295UL) /* = FFFFFFFF */
378cc40b 1819
91152fc1
DG
1820/* Helpful alias for version prescan */
1821#define is_LAX_VERSION(a,b) \
1822 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, FALSE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
1823
1824#define is_STRICT_VERSION(a,b) \
1825 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, TRUE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
1826
1827#define BADVERSION(a,b,c) \
1828 if (b) { \
1829 *b = c; \
1830 } \
1831 return a;
8c52afec 1832
cb27eebd
KW
1833/* Converts a character known to represent a hexadecimal digit (0-9, A-F, or
1834 * a-f) to its numeric value. READ_XDIGIT's argument is a string pointer,
1835 * which is advanced. The input is validated only by an assert() in DEBUGGING
1836 * builds. In both ASCII and EBCDIC the last 4 bits of the digits are 0-9; and
1837 * the last 4 bits of A-F and a-f are 1-6, so adding 9 yields 10-15 */
1838#define XDIGIT_VALUE(c) (__ASSERT_(isXDIGIT(c)) (0xf & (isDIGIT(c) \
1839 ? (c) \
1840 : ((c) + 9))))
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KW
1841#define READ_XDIGIT(s) (__ASSERT_(isXDIGIT(*s)) (0xf & (isDIGIT(*(s)) \
1842 ? (*(s)++) \
1843 : (*(s)++ + 9))))
95a59cab 1844
cb27eebd
KW
1845/* Converts a character known to represent an octal digit (0-7) to its numeric
1846 * value. The input is validated only by an assert() in DEBUGGING builds. In
1847 * both ASCII and EBCDIC the last 3 bits of the octal digits range from 0-7. */
1848#define OCTAL_VALUE(c) (__ASSERT_(isOCTAL(c)) (7 & (c)))
1849
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1850/* Efficiently returns a boolean as to if two native characters are equivalent
1851 * case-insenstively. At least one of the characters must be one of [A-Za-z];
1852 * the ALPHA in the name is to remind you of that. This is asserted() in
1853 * DEBUGGING builds. Because [A-Za-z] are invariant under UTF-8, this macro
1854 * works (on valid input) for both non- and UTF-8-encoded bytes.
1855 *
1856 * When one of the inputs is a compile-time constant and gets folded by the
1857 * compiler, this reduces to an AND and a TEST. On both EBCDIC and ASCII
1858 * machines, 'A' and 'a' differ by a single bit; the same with the upper and
1859 * lower case of all other ASCII-range alphabetics. On ASCII platforms, they
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KW
1860 * are 32 apart; on EBCDIC, they are 64. At compile time, this uses an
1861 * exclusive 'or' to find that bit and then inverts it to form a mask, with
1862 * just a single 0, in the bit position where the upper- and lowercase differ.
1863 * */
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1864#define isALPHA_FOLD_EQ(c1, c2) \
1865 (__ASSERT_(isALPHA_A(c1) || isALPHA_A(c2)) \
1866 ((c1) & ~('A' ^ 'a')) == ((c2) & ~('A' ^ 'a')))
1867#define isALPHA_FOLD_NE(c1, c2) (! isALPHA_FOLD_EQ((c1), (c2)))
1868
8e84507e 1869/*
ccfc67b7
JH
1870=head1 Memory Management
1871
a02a5408 1872=for apidoc Am|void|Newx|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994
GS
1873The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function.
1874
596f7718 1875Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 1876
c5008215
JC
1877In 5.9.3, Newx() and friends replace the older New() API, and drops
1878the first parameter, I<x>, a debug aid which allowed callers to identify
37b8b4c9 1879themselves. This aid has been superseded by a new build option,
d10b4965 1880PERL_MEM_LOG (see L<perlhacktips/PERL_MEM_LOG>). The older API is still
c5008215
JC
1881there for use in XS modules supporting older perls.
1882
a02a5408 1883=for apidoc Am|void|Newxc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
954c1994 1884The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function, with
fbe13c60 1885cast. See also C<L</Newx>>.
954c1994 1886
596f7718 1887Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 1888
a02a5408 1889=for apidoc Am|void|Newxz|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994 1890The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function. The allocated
fbe13c60 1891memory is zeroed with C<memzero>. See also C<L</Newx>>.
a02a5408 1892
596f7718 1893Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 1894
954c1994
GS
1895=for apidoc Am|void|Renew|void* ptr|int nitems|type
1896The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function.
1897
596f7718 1898Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 1899
954c1994
GS
1900=for apidoc Am|void|Renewc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
1901The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function, with
1902cast.
1903
596f7718 1904Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L</"Safefree">.
0d7b2759 1905
49b8b560 1906=for apidoc Am|void|Safefree|void* ptr
954c1994
GS
1907The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<free> function.
1908
596f7718 1909This should B<ONLY> be used on memory obtained using L</"Newx"> and friends.
0d7b2759 1910
954c1994
GS
1911=for apidoc Am|void|Move|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1912The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memmove> function. The C<src> is the
926bb54c 1913source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and
fbe13c60 1914C<type> is the type. Can do overlapping moves. See also C<L</Copy>>.
954c1994 1915
e90e2364 1916=for apidoc Am|void *|MoveD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
796b6530 1917Like C<Move> but returns C<dest>. Useful
72d33970 1918for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
1919optimise.
1920
954c1994
GS
1921=for apidoc Am|void|Copy|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1922The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memcpy> function. The C<src> is the
926bb54c 1923source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and
fbe13c60 1924C<type> is the type. May fail on overlapping copies. See also C<L</Move>>.
954c1994 1925
e90e2364
NC
1926=for apidoc Am|void *|CopyD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1927
796b6530 1928Like C<Copy> but returns C<dest>. Useful
72d33970 1929for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
1930optimise.
1931
954c1994
GS
1932=for apidoc Am|void|Zero|void* dest|int nitems|type
1933
1934The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memzero> function. The C<dest> is the
1935destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is the type.
1936
e90e2364
NC
1937=for apidoc Am|void *|ZeroD|void* dest|int nitems|type
1938
72d33970
FC
1939Like C<Zero> but returns dest. Useful
1940for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
1941optimise.
1942
da5d8dbb 1943=for apidoc Am|void|StructCopy|type *src|type *dest|type
4375e838 1944This is an architecture-independent macro to copy one structure to another.
954c1994 1945
7e337ee0
JH
1946=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonWith|void* dest|int nitems|type|U8 byte
1947
1948Fill up memory with a byte pattern (a byte repeated over and over
1949again) that hopefully catches attempts to access uninitialized memory.
1950
1951=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonNew|void* dest|int nitems|type
1952
1953PoisonWith(0xAB) for catching access to allocated but uninitialized memory.
1954
1c12ffb4 1955=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonFree|void* dest|int nitems|type
7e337ee0
JH
1956
1957PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
1958
9965345d
JH
1959=for apidoc Am|void|Poison|void* dest|int nitems|type
1960
7e337ee0 1961PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
9965345d
JH
1962
1963=cut */
954c1994 1964
561b68a9
SH
1965/* Maintained for backwards-compatibility only. Use newSV() instead. */
1966#ifndef PERL_CORE
ff06c60c 1967#define NEWSV(x,len) newSV(len)
561b68a9 1968#endif
ff06c60c 1969
19a94d75
JH
1970#define MEM_SIZE_MAX ((MEM_SIZE)~0)
1971
e6bdf523 1972
27d5b266 1973#ifdef PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
e6bdf523
DM
1974
1975/* This expression will be constant-folded at compile time. It checks
1976 * whether or not the type of the count n is so small (e.g. U8 or U16, or
1977 * U32 on 64-bit systems) that there's no way a wrap-around could occur.
1978 * As well as avoiding the need for a run-time check in some cases, it's
1979 * designed to avoid compiler warnings like:
1980 * comparison is always false due to limited range of data type
73e8ff00
DM
1981 * It's mathematically equivalent to
1982 * max(n) * sizeof(t) > MEM_SIZE_MAX
e6bdf523
DM
1983 */
1984
1985# define _MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) \
004073ba 1986 (8 * sizeof(n) + sizeof(t) > sizeof(MEM_SIZE))
e6bdf523 1987
88f9f128 1988/* This is written in a slightly odd way to avoid various spurious
d98e5cde
DM
1989 * compiler warnings. We *want* to write the expression as
1990 * _MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) && (n > C)
1991 * (for some compile-time constant C), but even when the LHS
1992 * constant-folds to false at compile-time, g++ insists on emitting
1993 * warnings about the RHS (e.g. "comparison is always false"), so instead
1994 * we write it as
e6bdf523 1995 *
d98e5cde 1996 * (cond ? n : X) > C
88f9f128 1997 *
d98e5cde
DM
1998 * where X is a constant with X > C always false. Choosing a value for X
1999 * is tricky. If 0, some compilers will complain about 0 > C always being
2000 * false; if 1, Coverity complains when n happens to be the constant value
2001 * '1', that cond ? 1 : 1 has the same value on both branches; so use C
2002 * for X and hope that nothing else whines.
e6bdf523
DM
2003 */
2004
2005# define _MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t) \
88f9f128
DM
2006 ((_MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) ? (MEM_SIZE)(n) : \
2007 MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t)) > MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t))
e6bdf523
DM
2008
2009# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t) \
2010 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
2011 && (croak_memory_wrap(),0))
2012
2013# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a) \
2014 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
2015 && (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",(a)),0))
2016
8b44ba4c 2017#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t),
27d5b266 2018
d1decf2b 2019#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) ((void)(((n) > MEM_SIZE_MAX - 2 * PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM) ? (croak_memory_wrap(),0):0),((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
27d5b266
JH
2020#else
2021
410319be
NC
2022#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t)
2023#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a)
2024#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_2(n,t,a,b)
8b44ba4c
NC
2025#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t)
2026
6fff79ce 2027#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) (((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
27d5b266 2028
1936d2a7 2029#endif
8b44ba4c 2030
fe4f188c 2031#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
46c6c7e2 2032/*
9f653bb5 2033 * If PERL_MEM_LOG is defined, all Newx()s, Renew()s, and Safefree()s
46c6c7e2
JH
2034 * go through functions, which are handy for debugging breakpoints, but
2035 * which more importantly get the immediate calling environment (file and
e352bcff
JH
2036 * line number, and C function name if available) passed in. This info can
2037 * then be used for logging the calls, for which one gets a sample
73d1d973 2038 * implementation unless -DPERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL is also defined.
3609ea0d 2039 *
46c6c7e2 2040 * Known problems:
94e892a6 2041 * - not all memory allocs get logged, only those
46c6c7e2 2042 * that go through Newx() and derivatives (while all
94e892a6 2043 * Safefrees do get logged)
46c6c7e2
JH
2044 * - __FILE__ and __LINE__ do not work everywhere
2045 * - __func__ or __FUNCTION__ even less so
2046 * - I think more goes on after the perlio frees but
2047 * the thing is that STDERR gets closed (as do all
2048 * the file descriptors)
2049 * - no deeper calling stack than the caller of the Newx()
2050 * or the kind, but do I look like a C reflection/introspection
2051 * utility to you?
2052 * - the function prototypes for the logging functions
2053 * probably should maybe be somewhere else than handy.h
2054 * - one could consider inlining (macrofying) the logging
2055 * for speed, but I am too lazy
2056 * - one could imagine recording the allocations in a hash,
2057 * (keyed by the allocation address?), and maintain that
2058 * through reallocs and frees, but how to do that without
2059 * any News() happening...?
73d1d973 2060 * - lots of -Ddefines to get useful/controllable output
b953482e 2061 * - lots of ENV reads
46c6c7e2
JH
2062 */
2063
0b0ab801 2064# ifdef PERL_CORE
73d1d973 2065# ifndef PERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL
0b0ab801
MHM
2066enum mem_log_type {
2067 MLT_ALLOC,
2068 MLT_REALLOC,
d7a2c63c
MHM
2069 MLT_FREE,
2070 MLT_NEW_SV,
2071 MLT_DEL_SV
0b0ab801
MHM
2072};
2073# endif
12754f92 2074# if defined(PERL_IN_SV_C) /* those are only used in sv.c */
d7a2c63c
MHM
2075void Perl_mem_log_new_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
2076void Perl_mem_log_del_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
12754f92 2077# endif
0b0ab801
MHM
2078# endif
2079
fe4f188c
JH
2080#endif
2081
2082#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
d1401ee9
MHM
2083#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) Perl_mem_log_alloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
2084#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) Perl_mem_log_realloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),v,a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
46c6c7e2 2085#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) Perl_mem_log_free(a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
fe4f188c
JH
2086#endif
2087
2088#ifndef MEM_LOG_ALLOC
2089#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) (a)
2090#endif
2091#ifndef MEM_LOG_REALLOC
2092#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) (a)
2093#endif
2094#ifndef MEM_LOG_FREE
2095#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) (a)
2096#endif
2097
d1401ee9
MHM
2098#define Newx(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
2099#define Newxc(v,n,t,c) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
2100#define Newxz(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safecalloc((n),sizeof(t)))))
a6f6820f
NC
2101
2102#ifndef PERL_CORE
a02a5408
JC
2103/* pre 5.9.x compatibility */
2104#define New(x,v,n,t) Newx(v,n,t)
2105#define Newc(x,v,n,t,c) Newxc(v,n,t,c)
4541904d 2106#define Newz(x,v,n,t) Newxz(v,n,t)
a6f6820f 2107#endif
a02a5408 2108
ff68c719 2109#define Renew(v,n,t) \
d1401ee9 2110 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
ff68c719 2111#define Renewc(v,n,t,c) \
d1401ee9 2112 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
94010e71
NC
2113
2114#ifdef PERL_POISON
2115#define Safefree(d) \
06c0cc96 2116 ((d) ? (void)(safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d))), Poison(&(d), 1, Malloc_t)) : (void) 0)
94010e71 2117#else
fe4f188c 2118#define Safefree(d) safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d)))
94010e71 2119#endif
55497cff 2120
8b44ba4c
NC
2121#define Move(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2122#define Copy(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2123#define Zero(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
55497cff 2124
8b44ba4c
NC
2125#define MoveD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2126#define CopyD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 2127#ifdef HAS_MEMSET
8b44ba4c 2128#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 2129#else
8b44ba4c
NC
2130/* Using bzero(), which returns void. */
2131#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)),d)
e90e2364
NC
2132#endif
2133
7e337ee0
JH
2134#define PoisonWith(d,n,t,b) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memset((char*)(d), (U8)(b), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2135#define PoisonNew(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xAB)
2136#define PoisonFree(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xEF)
2137#define Poison(d,n,t) PoisonFree(d,n,t)
27d5b266 2138
caa674f3
DD
2139#ifdef PERL_POISON
2140# define PERL_POISON_EXPR(x) x
2141#else
2142# define PERL_POISON_EXPR(x)
2143#endif
2144
2304df62 2145#ifdef USE_STRUCT_COPY
ff68c719 2146#define StructCopy(s,d,t) (*((t*)(d)) = *((t*)(s)))
bee1dbe2
LW
2147#else
2148#define StructCopy(s,d,t) Copy(s,d,1,t)
2149#endif
2cc61e15 2150
c3caa5c3
JH
2151/* C_ARRAY_LENGTH is the number of elements in the C array (so you
2152 * want your zero-based indices to be less than but not equal to).
2153 *
2154 * C_ARRAY_END is one past the last: half-open/half-closed range,
2155 * not last-inclusive range. */
622913ab 2156#define C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof((a)[0]))
c3caa5c3 2157#define C_ARRAY_END(a) ((a) + C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a))
622913ab 2158
2cc61e15
DD
2159#ifdef NEED_VA_COPY
2160# ifdef va_copy
2161# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) va_copy(d, s)
2cc61e15 2162# else
a1866d1b
JH
2163# if defined(__va_copy)
2164# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) __va_copy(d, s)
2165# else
2166# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) Copy(s, d, 1, va_list)
2167# endif
2cc61e15
DD
2168# endif
2169#endif
2170
472d47bc
SB
2171/* convenience debug macros */
2172#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
2173#define pTHX_FORMAT "Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
2174#define pTHX__FORMAT ", Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
f54cb97a
AL
2175#define pTHX_VALUE_ (void *)my_perl,
2176#define pTHX_VALUE (void *)my_perl
2177#define pTHX__VALUE_ ,(void *)my_perl,
2178#define pTHX__VALUE ,(void *)my_perl
472d47bc 2179#else
3609ea0d 2180#define pTHX_FORMAT
472d47bc 2181#define pTHX__FORMAT
3609ea0d 2182#define pTHX_VALUE_
472d47bc 2183#define pTHX_VALUE
3609ea0d 2184#define pTHX__VALUE_
472d47bc
SB
2185#define pTHX__VALUE
2186#endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
3609ea0d 2187
2acdbac1
NC
2188/* Perl_deprecate was not part of the public API, and did not have a deprecate()
2189 shortcut macro defined without -DPERL_CORE. Neither codesearch.google.com nor
2190 CPAN::Unpack show any users outside the core. */
2191#ifdef PERL_CORE
b7d90381
KW
2192# define deprecate(s) Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), \
2193 "Use of " s " is deprecated")
2acdbac1
NC
2194#endif
2195
dfff4baf
BF
2196/* Internal macros to deal with gids and uids */
2197#ifdef PERL_CORE
2198
2199# if Uid_t_size > IVSIZE
2200# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setnv((sv), (NV)(uid))
2201# define SvUID(sv) SvNV(sv)
2202# else
2203# if Uid_t_sign <= 0
2204# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setiv((sv), (IV)(uid))
2205# define SvUID(sv) SvIV(sv)
2206# else
2207# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setuv((sv), (UV)(uid))
2208# define SvUID(sv) SvUV(sv)
2209# endif
2210# endif /* Uid_t_size */
2211
2212# if Gid_t_size > IVSIZE
2213# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setnv((sv), (NV)(gid))
2214# define SvGID(sv) SvNV(sv)
2215# else
2216# if Gid_t_sign <= 0
2217# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setiv((sv), (IV)(gid))
2218# define SvGID(sv) SvIV(sv)
2219# else
2220# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setuv((sv), (UV)(gid))
2221# define SvGID(sv) SvUV(sv)
2222# endif
2223# endif /* Gid_t_size */
2224
2225#endif
2226
9d745869
KW
2227#endif /* HANDY_H */
2228
e9a8c099 2229/*
14d04a33 2230 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 et:
e9a8c099 2231 */