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Increase $B::Deparse::VERSION to 1.11
[perl5.git] / dist / B-Deparse / Deparse.pm
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6e90668e 1# B::Deparse.pm
4ca8de37
SM
2# Copyright (c) 1998-2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 Stephen McCamant.
3# All rights reserved.
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4# This module is free software; you can redistribute and/or modify
5# it under the same terms as Perl itself.
6
7# This is based on the module of the same name by Malcolm Beattie,
8# but essentially none of his code remains.
9
a798dbf2 10package B::Deparse;
ff97752d 11use Carp;
51a5edaf 12use B qw(class main_root main_start main_cv svref_2object opnumber perlstring
bd0865ec 13 OPf_WANT OPf_WANT_VOID OPf_WANT_SCALAR OPf_WANT_LIST
2be95ceb 14 OPf_KIDS OPf_REF OPf_STACKED OPf_SPECIAL OPf_MOD
ce4e655d 15 OPpLVAL_INTRO OPpOUR_INTRO OPpENTERSUB_AMPER OPpSLICE OPpCONST_BARE
3ed82cfc 16 OPpTRANS_SQUASH OPpTRANS_DELETE OPpTRANS_COMPLEMENT OPpTARGET_MY
e1dccc0d 17 OPpEXISTS_SUB OPpSORT_NUMERIC OPpSORT_INTEGER
2be95ceb 18 OPpSORT_REVERSE
d989cdac 19 SVf_IOK SVf_NOK SVf_ROK SVf_POK SVpad_OUR SVf_FAKE SVs_RMG SVs_SMG
e95ab0c0 20 CVf_METHOD CVf_LVALUE
2be95ceb 21 PMf_KEEP PMf_GLOBAL PMf_CONTINUE PMf_EVAL PMf_ONCE
ff0cf12f 22 PMf_MULTILINE PMf_SINGLELINE PMf_FOLD PMf_EXTENDED);
3e58017a 23$VERSION = "1.11";
a798dbf2 24use strict;
2ae48fff 25use vars qw/$AUTOLOAD/;
34a48b4b 26use warnings ();
a798dbf2 27
aa381260 28BEGIN {
ff0cf12f 29 # List version-specific constants here.
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NC
30 # Easiest way to keep this code portable between version looks to
31 # be to fake up a dummy constant that will never actually be true.
32 foreach (qw(OPpSORT_INPLACE OPpSORT_DESCEND OPpITER_REVERSED OPpCONST_NOVER
ff0cf12f 33 OPpPAD_STATE PMf_SKIPWHITE RXf_SKIPWHITE
24fcb59f 34 CVf_LOCKED OPpREVERSE_INPLACE OPpSUBSTR_REPL_FIRST
7d789282 35 PMf_NONDESTRUCT OPpCONST_ARYBASE OPpEVAL_BYTES)) {
ff0cf12f 36 eval { import B $_ };
2be95ceb
NC
37 no strict 'refs';
38 *{$_} = sub () {0} unless *{$_}{CODE};
39 }
aa381260
NC
40}
41
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42# Changes between 0.50 and 0.51:
43# - fixed nulled leave with live enter in sort { }
44# - fixed reference constants (\"str")
45# - handle empty programs gracefully
c4a6f826 46# - handle infinite loops (for (;;) {}, while (1) {})
e38ccfd9 47# - differentiate between 'for my $x ...' and 'my $x; for $x ...'
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48# - various minor cleanups
49# - moved globals into an object
e38ccfd9 50# - added '-u', like B::C
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51# - package declarations using cop_stash
52# - subs, formats and code sorted by cop_seq
f6f9bdb7 53# Changes between 0.51 and 0.52:
4d1ff10f 54# - added pp_threadsv (special variables under USE_5005THREADS)
f6f9bdb7 55# - added documentation
bd0865ec 56# Changes between 0.52 and 0.53:
9d2c6865 57# - many changes adding precedence contexts and associativity
e38ccfd9 58# - added '-p' and '-s' output style options
9d2c6865 59# - various other minor fixes
bd0865ec 60# Changes between 0.53 and 0.54:
e38ccfd9 61# - added support for new 'for (1..100)' optimization,
d7f5b6da 62# thanks to Gisle Aas
bd0865ec 63# Changes between 0.54 and 0.55:
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64# - added support for new qr// construct
65# - added support for new pp_regcreset OP
bd0865ec 66# Changes between 0.55 and 0.56:
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67# - tested on base/*.t, cmd/*.t, comp/*.t, io/*.t
68# - fixed $# on non-lexicals broken in last big rewrite
69# - added temporary fix for change in opcode of OP_STRINGIFY
e38ccfd9 70# - fixed problem in 0.54's for() patch in 'for (@ary)'
f5aa8f4e 71# - fixed precedence in conditional of ?:
e38ccfd9 72# - tweaked list paren elimination in 'my($x) = @_'
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73# - made continue-block detection trickier wrt. null ops
74# - fixed various prototype problems in pp_entersub
75# - added support for sub prototypes that never get GVs
76# - added unquoting for special filehandle first arg in truncate
e38ccfd9 77# - print doubled rv2gv (a bug) as '*{*GV}' instead of illegal '**GV'
f5aa8f4e 78# - added semicolons at the ends of blocks
e38ccfd9 79# - added -l '#line' declaration option -- fixes cmd/subval.t 27,28
bd0865ec
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80# Changes between 0.56 and 0.561:
81# - fixed multiply-declared my var in pp_truncate (thanks to Sarathy)
82# - used new B.pm symbolic constants (done by Nick Ing-Simmons)
83# Changes between 0.561 and 0.57:
84# - stylistic changes to symbolic constant stuff
85# - handled scope in s///e replacement code
86# - added unquote option for expanding "" into concats, etc.
87# - split method and proto parts of pp_entersub into separate functions
88# - various minor cleanups
f4a44678
SM
89# Changes after 0.57:
90# - added parens in \&foo (patch by Albert Dvornik)
91# Changes between 0.57 and 0.58:
e38ccfd9 92# - fixed '0' statements that weren't being printed
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93# - added methods for use from other programs
94# (based on patches from James Duncan and Hugo van der Sanden)
95# - added -si and -sT to control indenting (also based on a patch from Hugo)
96# - added -sv to print something else instead of '???'
97# - preliminary version of utf8 tr/// handling
3ed82cfc
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98# Changes after 0.58:
99# - uses of $op->ppaddr changed to new $op->name (done by Sarathy)
d989cdac 100# - added support for Hugo's new OP_SETSTATE (like nextstate)
3ed82cfc
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101# Changes between 0.58 and 0.59
102# - added support for Chip's OP_METHOD_NAMED
103# - added support for Ilya's OPpTARGET_MY optimization
e38ccfd9 104# - elided arrows before '()' subscripts when possible
58cccf98 105# Changes between 0.59 and 0.60
c4a6f826 106# - support for method attributes was added
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SM
107# - some warnings fixed
108# - separate recognition of constant subs
c4a6f826 109# - rewrote continue block handling, now recognizing for loops
58cccf98 110# - added more control of expanding control structures
c7f67cde
RH
111# Changes between 0.60 and 0.61 (mostly by Robin Houston)
112# - many bug-fixes
113# - support for pragmas and 'use'
114# - support for the little-used $[ variable
115# - support for __DATA__ sections
116# - UTF8 support
117# - BEGIN, CHECK, INIT and END blocks
118# - scoping of subroutine declarations fixed
119# - compile-time output from the input program can be suppressed, so that the
120# output is just the deparsed code. (a change to O.pm in fact)
121# - our() declarations
122# - *all* the known bugs are now listed in the BUGS section
123# - comprehensive test mechanism (TEST -deparse)
9a58b761
RGS
124# Changes between 0.62 and 0.63 (mostly by Rafael Garcia-Suarez)
125# - bug-fixes
126# - new switch -P
127# - support for command-line switches (-l, -0, etc.)
d989cdac
SM
128# Changes between 0.63 and 0.64
129# - support for //, CHECK blocks, and assertions
130# - improved handling of foreach loops and lexicals
131# - option to use Data::Dumper for constants
132# - more bug fixes
133# - discovered lots more bugs not yet fixed
0d863452
RH
134#
135# ...
136#
137# Changes between 0.72 and 0.73
138# - support new switch constructs
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139
140# Todo:
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RH
141# (See also BUGS section at the end of this file)
142#
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143# - finish tr/// changes
144# - add option for even more parens (generalize \&foo change)
90be192f 145# - left/right context
58cccf98 146# - copy comments (look at real text with $^P?)
f5aa8f4e 147# - avoid semis in one-statement blocks
9d2c6865 148# - associativity of &&=, ||=, ?:
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149# - ',' => '=>' (auto-unquote?)
150# - break long lines ("\r" as discretionary break?)
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151# - configurable syntax highlighting: ANSI color, HTML, TeX, etc.
152# - more style options: brace style, hex vs. octal, quotes, ...
153# - print big ints as hex/octal instead of decimal (heuristic?)
e38ccfd9 154# - handle 'my $x if 0'?
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155# - version using op_next instead of op_first/sibling?
156# - avoid string copies (pass arrays, one big join?)
9d2c6865 157# - here-docs?
6e90668e 158
d989cdac 159# Current test.deparse failures
d989cdac
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160# comp/hints 6 - location of BEGIN blocks wrt. block openings
161# run/switchI 1 - missing -I switches entirely
162# perl -Ifoo -e 'print @INC'
163# op/caller 2 - warning mask propagates backwards before warnings::register
164# 'use warnings; BEGIN {${^WARNING_BITS} eq "U"x12;} use warnings::register'
165# op/getpid 2 - can't assign to shared my() declaration (threads only)
166# 'my $x : shared = 5'
c4a6f826 167# op/override 7 - parens on overridden require change v-string interpretation
d989cdac
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168# 'BEGIN{*CORE::GLOBAL::require=sub {}} require v5.6'
169# c.f. 'BEGIN { *f = sub {0} }; f 2'
170# op/pat 774 - losing Unicode-ness of Latin1-only strings
171# 'use charnames ":short"; $x="\N{latin:a with acute}"'
172# op/recurse 12 - missing parens on recursive call makes it look like method
173# 'sub f { f($x) }'
174# op/subst 90 - inconsistent handling of utf8 under "use utf8"
175# op/taint 29 - "use re 'taint'" deparsed in the wrong place wrt. block open
176# op/tiehandle compile - "use strict" deparsed in the wrong place
177# uni/tr_ several
178# ext/B/t/xref 11 - line numbers when we add newlines to one-line subs
179# ext/Data/Dumper/t/dumper compile
180# ext/DB_file/several
181# ext/Encode/several
182# ext/Ernno/Errno warnings
183# ext/IO/lib/IO/t/io_sel 23
184# ext/PerlIO/t/encoding compile
185# ext/POSIX/t/posix 6
186# ext/Socket/Socket 8
187# ext/Storable/t/croak compile
188# lib/Attribute/Handlers/t/multi compile
189# lib/bignum/ several
190# lib/charnames 35
191# lib/constant 32
192# lib/English 40
193# lib/ExtUtils/t/bytes 4
194# lib/File/DosGlob compile
195# lib/Filter/Simple/t/data 1
196# lib/Math/BigInt/t/constant 1
197# lib/Net/t/config Deparse-warning
198# lib/overload compile
199# lib/Switch/ several
200# lib/Symbol 4
201# lib/Test/Simple several
202# lib/Term/Complete
203# lib/Tie/File/t/29_downcopy 5
204# lib/vars 22
f5aa8f4e 205
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206# Object fields (were globals):
207#
208# avoid_local:
209# (local($a), local($b)) and local($a, $b) have the same internal
210# representation but the short form looks better. We notice we can
211# use a large-scale local when checking the list, but need to prevent
d989cdac 212# individual locals too. This hash holds the addresses of OPs that
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213# have already had their local-ness accounted for. The same thing
214# is done with my().
215#
216# curcv:
217# CV for current sub (or main program) being deparsed
218#
8510e997
RH
219# curcvlex:
220# Cached hash of lexical variables for curcv: keys are names,
221# each value is an array of pairs, indicating the cop_seq of scopes
222# in which a var of that name is valid.
223#
34a48b4b
RH
224# curcop:
225# COP for statement being deparsed
226#
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227# curstash:
228# name of the current package for deparsed code
229#
230# subs_todo:
34a48b4b 231# array of [cop_seq, CV, is_format?] for subs and formats we still
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232# want to deparse
233#
f5aa8f4e
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234# protos_todo:
235# as above, but [name, prototype] for subs that never got a GV
236#
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237# subs_done, forms_done:
238# keys are addresses of GVs for subs and formats we've already
239# deparsed (or at least put into subs_todo)
9d2c6865 240#
0ca62a8e
RH
241# subs_declared
242# keys are names of subs for which we've printed declarations.
4a1ac32e
FC
243# That means we can omit parentheses from the arguments. It also means we
244# need to put CORE:: on core functions of the same name.
0ca62a8e 245#
1d38190f
RGS
246# subs_deparsed
247# Keeps track of fully qualified names of all deparsed subs.
248#
9d2c6865 249# parens: -p
f5aa8f4e 250# linenums: -l
bd0865ec 251# unquote: -q
e38ccfd9 252# cuddle: ' ' or '\n', depending on -sC
f4a44678
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253# indent_size: -si
254# use_tabs: -sT
255# ex_const: -sv
9d2c6865
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256
257# A little explanation of how precedence contexts and associativity
258# work:
259#
260# deparse() calls each per-op subroutine with an argument $cx (short
261# for context, but not the same as the cx* in the perl core), which is
262# a number describing the op's parents in terms of precedence, whether
f5aa8f4e 263# they're inside an expression or at statement level, etc. (see
9d2c6865
SM
264# chart below). When ops with children call deparse on them, they pass
265# along their precedence. Fractional values are used to implement
e38ccfd9 266# associativity ('($x + $y) + $z' => '$x + $y + $y') and related
9d2c6865
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267# parentheses hacks. The major disadvantage of this scheme is that
268# it doesn't know about right sides and left sides, so say if you
269# assign a listop to a variable, it can't tell it's allowed to leave
270# the parens off the listop.
271
272# Precedences:
273# 26 [TODO] inside interpolation context ("")
274# 25 left terms and list operators (leftward)
275# 24 left ->
276# 23 nonassoc ++ --
277# 22 right **
278# 21 right ! ~ \ and unary + and -
279# 20 left =~ !~
280# 19 left * / % x
281# 18 left + - .
282# 17 left << >>
283# 16 nonassoc named unary operators
284# 15 nonassoc < > <= >= lt gt le ge
285# 14 nonassoc == != <=> eq ne cmp
286# 13 left &
287# 12 left | ^
288# 11 left &&
289# 10 left ||
290# 9 nonassoc .. ...
291# 8 right ?:
292# 7 right = += -= *= etc.
293# 6 left , =>
294# 5 nonassoc list operators (rightward)
295# 4 right not
296# 3 left and
297# 2 left or xor
298# 1 statement modifiers
d989cdac 299# 0.5 statements, but still print scopes as do { ... }
9d2c6865
SM
300# 0 statement level
301
302# Nonprinting characters with special meaning:
303# \cS - steal parens (see maybe_parens_unop)
304# \n - newline and indent
305# \t - increase indent
e38ccfd9 306# \b - decrease indent ('outdent')
f5aa8f4e 307# \f - flush left (no indent)
9d2c6865 308# \cK - kill following semicolon, if any
6e90668e
SM
309
310sub null {
311 my $op = shift;
312 return class($op) eq "NULL";
313}
314
315sub todo {
316 my $self = shift;
34a48b4b 317 my($cv, $is_form) = @_;
e31885a0 318 return unless ($cv->FILE eq $0 || exists $self->{files}{$cv->FILE});
6e90668e 319 my $seq;
d989cdac
SM
320 if ($cv->OUTSIDE_SEQ) {
321 $seq = $cv->OUTSIDE_SEQ;
322 } elsif (!null($cv->START) and is_state($cv->START)) {
6e90668e
SM
323 $seq = $cv->START->cop_seq;
324 } else {
325 $seq = 0;
326 }
34a48b4b 327 push @{$self->{'subs_todo'}}, [$seq, $cv, $is_form];
1d38190f
RGS
328 unless ($is_form || class($cv->STASH) eq 'SPECIAL') {
329 $self->{'subs_deparsed'}{$cv->STASH->NAME."::".$cv->GV->NAME} = 1;
330 }
6e90668e
SM
331}
332
333sub next_todo {
334 my $self = shift;
335 my $ent = shift @{$self->{'subs_todo'}};
34a48b4b
RH
336 my $cv = $ent->[1];
337 my $gv = $cv->GV;
338 my $name = $self->gv_name($gv);
6e90668e
SM
339 if ($ent->[2]) {
340 return "format $name =\n"
e31885a0 341 . $self->deparse_format($ent->[1]). "\n";
6e90668e 342 } else {
0ca62a8e 343 $self->{'subs_declared'}{$name} = 1;
34a48b4b
RH
344 if ($name eq "BEGIN") {
345 my $use_dec = $self->begin_is_use($cv);
d989cdac 346 if (defined ($use_dec) and $self->{'expand'} < 5) {
0e7fe0f0
RH
347 return () if 0 == length($use_dec);
348 return $use_dec;
349 }
34a48b4b 350 }
a0035eb8
RH
351 my $l = '';
352 if ($self->{'linenums'}) {
353 my $line = $gv->LINE;
354 my $file = $gv->FILE;
355 $l = "\n\f#line $line \"$file\"\n";
356 }
127212b2
DM
357 my $p = '';
358 if (class($cv->STASH) ne "SPECIAL") {
359 my $stash = $cv->STASH->NAME;
360 if ($stash ne $self->{'curstash'}) {
361 $p = "package $stash;\n";
362 $name = "$self->{'curstash'}::$name" unless $name =~ /::/;
363 $self->{'curstash'} = $stash;
364 }
8b2d6640 365 $name =~ s/^\Q$stash\E::(?!\z|.*::)//;
127212b2
DM
366 }
367 return "${p}${l}sub $name " . $self->deparse_sub($cv);
34a48b4b
RH
368 }
369}
370
371# Return a "use" declaration for this BEGIN block, if appropriate
372sub begin_is_use {
373 my ($self, $cv) = @_;
374 my $root = $cv->ROOT;
80dc0729 375 local @$self{qw'curcv curcvlex'} = ($cv);
34a48b4b
RH
376#require B::Debug;
377#B::walkoptree($cv->ROOT, "debug");
378 my $lineseq = $root->first;
379 return if $lineseq->name ne "lineseq";
380
381 my $req_op = $lineseq->first->sibling;
382 return if $req_op->name ne "require";
383
384 my $module;
385 if ($req_op->first->private & OPpCONST_BARE) {
386 # Actually it should always be a bareword
387 $module = $self->const_sv($req_op->first)->PV;
388 $module =~ s[/][::]g;
389 $module =~ s/.pm$//;
390 }
391 else {
d989cdac 392 $module = $self->const($self->const_sv($req_op->first), 6);
34a48b4b
RH
393 }
394
395 my $version;
396 my $version_op = $req_op->sibling;
397 return if class($version_op) eq "NULL";
398 if ($version_op->name eq "lineseq") {
399 # We have a version parameter; skip nextstate & pushmark
400 my $constop = $version_op->first->next->next;
401
402 return unless $self->const_sv($constop)->PV eq $module;
403 $constop = $constop->sibling;
a58644de 404 $version = $self->const_sv($constop);
d989cdac
SM
405 if (class($version) eq "IV") {
406 $version = $version->int_value;
407 } elsif (class($version) eq "NV") {
408 $version = $version->NV;
409 } elsif (class($version) ne "PVMG") {
410 # Includes PVIV and PVNV
a58644de
RGS
411 $version = $version->PV;
412 } else {
413 # version specified as a v-string
414 $version = 'v'.join '.', map ord, split //, $version->PV;
415 }
34a48b4b
RH
416 $constop = $constop->sibling;
417 return if $constop->name ne "method_named";
418 return if $self->const_sv($constop)->PV ne "VERSION";
419 }
420
421 $lineseq = $version_op->sibling;
422 return if $lineseq->name ne "lineseq";
423 my $entersub = $lineseq->first->sibling;
424 if ($entersub->name eq "stub") {
425 return "use $module $version ();\n" if defined $version;
426 return "use $module ();\n";
427 }
428 return if $entersub->name ne "entersub";
429
430 # See if there are import arguments
431 my $args = '';
432
6ec152c3
RH
433 my $svop = $entersub->first->sibling; # Skip over pushmark
434 return unless $self->const_sv($svop)->PV eq $module;
34a48b4b
RH
435
436 # Pull out the arguments
6ec152c3
RH
437 for ($svop=$svop->sibling; $svop->name ne "method_named";
438 $svop = $svop->sibling) {
34a48b4b 439 $args .= ", " if length($args);
6ec152c3 440 $args .= $self->deparse($svop, 6);
34a48b4b
RH
441 }
442
443 my $use = 'use';
6ec152c3 444 my $method_named = $svop;
34a48b4b
RH
445 return if $method_named->name ne "method_named";
446 my $method_name = $self->const_sv($method_named)->PV;
447
448 if ($method_name eq "unimport") {
449 $use = 'no';
450 }
451
452 # Certain pragmas are dealt with using hint bits,
453 # so we ignore them here
454 if ($module eq 'strict' || $module eq 'integer'
0ced6c29
RGS
455 || $module eq 'bytes' || $module eq 'warnings'
456 || $module eq 'feature') {
34a48b4b
RH
457 return "";
458 }
459
460 if (defined $version && length $args) {
461 return "$use $module $version ($args);\n";
462 } elsif (defined $version) {
463 return "$use $module $version;\n";
464 } elsif (length $args) {
465 return "$use $module ($args);\n";
466 } else {
467 return "$use $module;\n";
6e90668e
SM
468 }
469}
470
6e90668e 471sub stash_subs {
34a48b4b
RH
472 my ($self, $pack) = @_;
473 my (@ret, $stash);
474 if (!defined $pack) {
475 $pack = '';
476 $stash = \%::;
f5aa8f4e 477 }
34a48b4b
RH
478 else {
479 $pack =~ s/(::)?$/::/;
480 no strict 'refs';
d1dc589d 481 $stash = \%{"main::$pack"};
34a48b4b
RH
482 }
483 my %stash = svref_2object($stash)->ARRAY;
484 while (my ($key, $val) = each %stash) {
f5aa8f4e
SM
485 my $class = class($val);
486 if ($class eq "PV") {
a0035eb8
RH
487 # Just a prototype. As an ugly but fairly effective way
488 # to find out if it belongs here is to see if the AUTOLOAD
489 # (if any) for the stash was defined in one of our files.
490 my $A = $stash{"AUTOLOAD"};
491 if (defined ($A) && class($A) eq "GV" && defined($A->CV)
492 && class($A->CV) eq "CV") {
493 my $AF = $A->FILE;
494 next unless $AF eq $0 || exists $self->{'files'}{$AF};
495 }
f5aa8f4e 496 push @{$self->{'protos_todo'}}, [$pack . $key, $val->PV];
5b4ee549 497 } elsif ($class eq "IV" && !($val->FLAGS & SVf_ROK)) {
a0035eb8 498 # Just a name. As above.
5b4ee549
NC
499 # But skip proxy constant subroutines, as some form of perl-space
500 # visible code must have created them, be it a use statement, or
501 # some direct symbol-table manipulation code that we will Deparse
a0035eb8
RH
502 my $A = $stash{"AUTOLOAD"};
503 if (defined ($A) && class($A) eq "GV" && defined($A->CV)
504 && class($A->CV) eq "CV") {
505 my $AF = $A->FILE;
506 next unless $AF eq $0 || exists $self->{'files'}{$AF};
507 }
d989cdac 508 push @{$self->{'protos_todo'}}, [$pack . $key, undef];
f5aa8f4e 509 } elsif ($class eq "GV") {
34a48b4b 510 if (class(my $cv = $val->CV) ne "SPECIAL") {
f5aa8f4e 511 next if $self->{'subs_done'}{$$val}++;
e31885a0 512 next if $$val != ${$cv->GV}; # Ignore imposters
8510e997 513 $self->todo($cv, 0);
f5aa8f4e 514 }
e31885a0 515 if (class(my $cv = $val->FORM) ne "SPECIAL") {
f5aa8f4e 516 next if $self->{'forms_done'}{$$val}++;
e31885a0
RH
517 next if $$val != ${$cv->GV}; # Ignore imposters
518 $self->todo($cv, 1);
f5aa8f4e 519 }
34a48b4b 520 if (class($val->HV) ne "SPECIAL" && $key =~ /::$/) {
8b2d6640
FC
521 $self->stash_subs($pack . $key)
522 unless $pack eq '' && $key eq 'main::';
523 # avoid infinite recursion
34a48b4b 524 }
6e90668e
SM
525 }
526 }
527}
a798dbf2 528
f5aa8f4e
SM
529sub print_protos {
530 my $self = shift;
531 my $ar;
532 my @ret;
533 foreach $ar (@{$self->{'protos_todo'}}) {
534 my $proto = (defined $ar->[1] ? " (". $ar->[1] . ")" : "");
535 push @ret, "sub " . $ar->[0] . "$proto;\n";
536 }
537 delete $self->{'protos_todo'};
538 return @ret;
539}
540
9d2c6865
SM
541sub style_opts {
542 my $self = shift;
543 my $opts = shift;
544 my $opt;
545 while (length($opt = substr($opts, 0, 1))) {
546 if ($opt eq "C") {
547 $self->{'cuddle'} = " ";
f4a44678
SM
548 $opts = substr($opts, 1);
549 } elsif ($opt eq "i") {
550 $opts =~ s/^i(\d+)//;
551 $self->{'indent_size'} = $1;
552 } elsif ($opt eq "T") {
553 $self->{'use_tabs'} = 1;
554 $opts = substr($opts, 1);
555 } elsif ($opt eq "v") {
556 $opts =~ s/^v([^.]*)(.|$)//;
557 $self->{'ex_const'} = $1;
9d2c6865 558 }
9d2c6865
SM
559 }
560}
561
f4a44678
SM
562sub new {
563 my $class = shift;
564 my $self = bless {}, $class;
f4a44678 565 $self->{'cuddle'} = "\n";
d989cdac
SM
566 $self->{'curcop'} = undef;
567 $self->{'curstash'} = "main";
568 $self->{'ex_const'} = "'???'";
793e2a70 569 $self->{'expand'} = 0;
d989cdac
SM
570 $self->{'files'} = {};
571 $self->{'indent_size'} = 4;
793e2a70
RH
572 $self->{'linenums'} = 0;
573 $self->{'parens'} = 0;
d989cdac
SM
574 $self->{'subs_todo'} = [];
575 $self->{'unquote'} = 0;
576 $self->{'use_dumper'} = 0;
577 $self->{'use_tabs'} = 0;
08c6f5ec 578
bc6b2ef6 579 $self->{'ambient_arybase'} = 0;
e31885a0 580 $self->{'ambient_warnings'} = undef; # Assume no lexical warnings
a0405c92 581 $self->{'ambient_hints'} = 0;
0ced6c29 582 $self->{'ambient_hinthash'} = undef;
08c6f5ec
RH
583 $self->init();
584
f4a44678 585 while (my $arg = shift @_) {
d989cdac
SM
586 if ($arg eq "-d") {
587 $self->{'use_dumper'} = 1;
588 require Data::Dumper;
589 } elsif ($arg =~ /^-f(.*)/) {
34a48b4b 590 $self->{'files'}{$1} = 1;
d989cdac
SM
591 } elsif ($arg eq "-l") {
592 $self->{'linenums'} = 1;
f4a44678
SM
593 } elsif ($arg eq "-p") {
594 $self->{'parens'} = 1;
acaaef34
RGS
595 } elsif ($arg eq "-P") {
596 $self->{'noproto'} = 1;
f4a44678
SM
597 } elsif ($arg eq "-q") {
598 $self->{'unquote'} = 1;
599 } elsif (substr($arg, 0, 2) eq "-s") {
600 $self->style_opts(substr $arg, 2);
58cccf98
SM
601 } elsif ($arg =~ /^-x(\d)$/) {
602 $self->{'expand'} = $1;
f4a44678
SM
603 }
604 }
605 return $self;
606}
607
810aef70
RH
608{
609 # Mask out the bits that L<warnings::register> uses
610 my $WARN_MASK;
611 BEGIN {
612 $WARN_MASK = $warnings::Bits{all} | $warnings::DeadBits{all};
613 }
614 sub WARN_MASK () {
615 return $WARN_MASK;
616 }
34a48b4b
RH
617}
618
08c6f5ec
RH
619# Initialise the contextual information, either from
620# defaults provided with the ambient_pragmas method,
621# or from perl's own defaults otherwise.
622sub init {
623 my $self = shift;
624
bc6b2ef6 625 $self->{'arybase'} = $self->{'ambient_arybase'};
e31885a0
RH
626 $self->{'warnings'} = defined ($self->{'ambient_warnings'})
627 ? $self->{'ambient_warnings'} & WARN_MASK
628 : undef;
d5ec2987 629 $self->{'hints'} = $self->{'ambient_hints'};
e412117e 630 $self->{'hints'} &= 0xFF if $] < 5.009;
0ced6c29 631 $self->{'hinthash'} = $self->{'ambient_hinthash'};
217aba5d
RH
632
633 # also a convenient place to clear out subs_declared
634 delete $self->{'subs_declared'};
08c6f5ec
RH
635}
636
a798dbf2 637sub compile {
6e90668e 638 my(@args) = @_;
d989cdac 639 return sub {
f4a44678 640 my $self = B::Deparse->new(@args);
d2bc402e
RGS
641 # First deparse command-line args
642 if (defined $^I) { # deparse -i
51a5edaf 643 print q(BEGIN { $^I = ).perlstring($^I).qq(; }\n);
d2bc402e
RGS
644 }
645 if ($^W) { # deparse -w
646 print qq(BEGIN { \$^W = $^W; }\n);
647 }
648 if ($/ ne "\n" or defined $O::savebackslash) { # deparse -l and -0
51a5edaf
RGS
649 my $fs = perlstring($/) || 'undef';
650 my $bs = perlstring($O::savebackslash) || 'undef';
d2bc402e
RGS
651 print qq(BEGIN { \$/ = $fs; \$\\ = $bs; }\n);
652 }
34a48b4b 653 my @BEGINs = B::begin_av->isa("B::AV") ? B::begin_av->ARRAY : ();
676456c2
AG
654 my @UNITCHECKs = B::unitcheck_av->isa("B::AV")
655 ? B::unitcheck_av->ARRAY
656 : ();
ece599bd 657 my @CHECKs = B::check_av->isa("B::AV") ? B::check_av->ARRAY : ();
34a48b4b
RH
658 my @INITs = B::init_av->isa("B::AV") ? B::init_av->ARRAY : ();
659 my @ENDs = B::end_av->isa("B::AV") ? B::end_av->ARRAY : ();
676456c2 660 for my $block (@BEGINs, @UNITCHECKs, @CHECKs, @INITs, @ENDs) {
e31885a0 661 $self->todo($block, 0);
34a48b4b
RH
662 }
663 $self->stash_subs();
d989cdac
SM
664 local($SIG{"__DIE__"}) =
665 sub {
666 if ($self->{'curcop'}) {
667 my $cop = $self->{'curcop'};
668 my($line, $file) = ($cop->line, $cop->file);
669 print STDERR "While deparsing $file near line $line,\n";
670 }
671 };
6e90668e 672 $self->{'curcv'} = main_cv;
8510e997 673 $self->{'curcvlex'} = undef;
f5aa8f4e 674 print $self->print_protos;
6e90668e 675 @{$self->{'subs_todo'}} =
f4a44678 676 sort {$a->[0] <=> $b->[0]} @{$self->{'subs_todo'}};
d989cdac 677 print $self->indent($self->deparse_root(main_root)), "\n"
f4a44678 678 unless null main_root;
6e90668e
SM
679 my @text;
680 while (scalar(@{$self->{'subs_todo'}})) {
681 push @text, $self->next_todo;
682 }
6f611a1a 683 print $self->indent(join("", @text)), "\n" if @text;
e31885a0
RH
684
685 # Print __DATA__ section, if necessary
686 no strict 'refs';
96c57f7e
RGS
687 my $laststash = defined $self->{'curcop'}
688 ? $self->{'curcop'}->stash->NAME : $self->{'curstash'};
689 if (defined *{$laststash."::DATA"}{IO}) {
127212b2
DM
690 print "package $laststash;\n"
691 unless $laststash eq $self->{'curstash'};
e31885a0 692 print "__DATA__\n";
96c57f7e 693 print readline(*{$laststash."::DATA"});
e31885a0 694 }
a798dbf2 695 }
a798dbf2
MB
696}
697
f4a44678
SM
698sub coderef2text {
699 my $self = shift;
700 my $sub = shift;
0853f172 701 croak "Usage: ->coderef2text(CODEREF)" unless UNIVERSAL::isa($sub, "CODE");
08c6f5ec
RH
702
703 $self->init();
f4a44678
SM
704 return $self->indent($self->deparse_sub(svref_2object($sub)));
705}
706
08c6f5ec
RH
707sub ambient_pragmas {
708 my $self = shift;
bc6b2ef6 709 my ($arybase, $hint_bits, $warning_bits, $hinthash) = (0, 0);
08c6f5ec
RH
710
711 while (@_ > 1) {
712 my $name = shift();
713 my $val = shift();
714
715 if ($name eq 'strict') {
716 require strict;
717
718 if ($val eq 'none') {
719 $hint_bits &= ~strict::bits(qw/refs subs vars/);
720 next();
721 }
722
723 my @names;
724 if ($val eq "all") {
725 @names = qw/refs subs vars/;
726 }
727 elsif (ref $val) {
728 @names = @$val;
729 }
730 else {
a0405c92 731 @names = split' ', $val;
08c6f5ec
RH
732 }
733 $hint_bits |= strict::bits(@names);
734 }
735
bc6b2ef6
Z
736 elsif ($name eq '$[') {
737 if (OPpCONST_ARYBASE) {
738 $arybase = $val;
739 } else {
740 croak "\$[ can't be non-zero on this perl" unless $val == 0;
741 }
742 }
743
a0405c92
RH
744 elsif ($name eq 'integer'
745 || $name eq 'bytes'
746 || $name eq 'utf8') {
747 require "$name.pm";
08c6f5ec 748 if ($val) {
a0405c92
RH
749 $hint_bits |= ${$::{"${name}::"}{"hint_bits"}};
750 }
751 else {
752 $hint_bits &= ~${$::{"${name}::"}{"hint_bits"}};
753 }
754 }
755
756 elsif ($name eq 're') {
757 require re;
758 if ($val eq 'none') {
2570cdf1 759 $hint_bits &= ~re::bits(qw/taint eval/);
a0405c92
RH
760 next();
761 }
762
763 my @names;
764 if ($val eq 'all') {
2570cdf1 765 @names = qw/taint eval/;
a0405c92
RH
766 }
767 elsif (ref $val) {
768 @names = @$val;
08c6f5ec
RH
769 }
770 else {
a0405c92 771 @names = split' ',$val;
08c6f5ec 772 }
a0405c92 773 $hint_bits |= re::bits(@names);
08c6f5ec
RH
774 }
775
776 elsif ($name eq 'warnings') {
08c6f5ec 777 if ($val eq 'none') {
810aef70 778 $warning_bits = $warnings::NONE;
08c6f5ec
RH
779 next();
780 }
781
782 my @names;
783 if (ref $val) {
784 @names = @$val;
785 }
786 else {
787 @names = split/\s+/, $val;
788 }
789
810aef70 790 $warning_bits = $warnings::NONE if !defined ($warning_bits);
08c6f5ec
RH
791 $warning_bits |= warnings::bits(@names);
792 }
793
794 elsif ($name eq 'warning_bits') {
795 $warning_bits = $val;
796 }
797
798 elsif ($name eq 'hint_bits') {
799 $hint_bits = $val;
800 }
801
0ced6c29
RGS
802 elsif ($name eq '%^H') {
803 $hinthash = $val;
804 }
805
08c6f5ec
RH
806 else {
807 croak "Unknown pragma type: $name";
808 }
809 }
810 if (@_) {
811 croak "The ambient_pragmas method expects an even number of args";
812 }
813
bc6b2ef6 814 $self->{'ambient_arybase'} = $arybase;
08c6f5ec 815 $self->{'ambient_warnings'} = $warning_bits;
a0405c92 816 $self->{'ambient_hints'} = $hint_bits;
0ced6c29 817 $self->{'ambient_hinthash'} = $hinthash;
08c6f5ec
RH
818}
819
d989cdac 820# This method is the inner loop, so try to keep it simple
6e90668e
SM
821sub deparse {
822 my $self = shift;
d989cdac 823 my($op, $cx) = @_;
34a48b4b
RH
824
825 Carp::confess("Null op in deparse") if !defined($op)
826 || class($op) eq "NULL";
3f872cb9 827 my $meth = "pp_" . $op->name;
9d2c6865 828 return $self->$meth($op, $cx);
a798dbf2
MB
829}
830
6e90668e 831sub indent {
f4a44678 832 my $self = shift;
6e90668e
SM
833 my $txt = shift;
834 my @lines = split(/\n/, $txt);
835 my $leader = "";
f4a44678 836 my $level = 0;
6e90668e
SM
837 my $line;
838 for $line (@lines) {
f4a44678
SM
839 my $cmd = substr($line, 0, 1);
840 if ($cmd eq "\t" or $cmd eq "\b") {
841 $level += ($cmd eq "\t" ? 1 : -1) * $self->{'indent_size'};
842 if ($self->{'use_tabs'}) {
843 $leader = "\t" x ($level / 8) . " " x ($level % 8);
844 } else {
845 $leader = " " x $level;
846 }
6e90668e
SM
847 $line = substr($line, 1);
848 }
f5aa8f4e
SM
849 if (substr($line, 0, 1) eq "\f") {
850 $line = substr($line, 1); # no indent
851 } else {
852 $line = $leader . $line;
853 }
9d2c6865 854 $line =~ s/\cK;?//g;
6e90668e
SM
855 }
856 return join("\n", @lines);
857}
858
6e90668e
SM
859sub deparse_sub {
860 my $self = shift;
861 my $cv = shift;
862 my $proto = "";
ce4e655d 863Carp::confess("NULL in deparse_sub") if !defined($cv) || $cv->isa("B::NULL");
34a48b4b
RH
864Carp::confess("SPECIAL in deparse_sub") if $cv->isa("B::SPECIAL");
865 local $self->{'curcop'} = $self->{'curcop'};
6e90668e
SM
866 if ($cv->FLAGS & SVf_POK) {
867 $proto = "(". $cv->PV . ") ";
868 }
aa381260 869 if ($cv->CvFLAGS & (CVf_METHOD|CVf_LOCKED|CVf_LVALUE)) {
6aaf4108
SC
870 $proto .= ": ";
871 $proto .= "lvalue " if $cv->CvFLAGS & CVf_LVALUE;
aa381260 872 $proto .= "locked " if $cv->CvFLAGS & CVf_LOCKED;
6aaf4108
SC
873 $proto .= "method " if $cv->CvFLAGS & CVf_METHOD;
874 }
875
6e90668e 876 local($self->{'curcv'}) = $cv;
8510e997 877 local($self->{'curcvlex'});
0ced6c29
RGS
878 local(@$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'})
879 = @$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'};
ce4e655d 880 my $body;
6e90668e 881 if (not null $cv->ROOT) {
ce4e655d
RH
882 my $lineseq = $cv->ROOT->first;
883 if ($lineseq->name eq "lineseq") {
884 my @ops;
885 for(my$o=$lineseq->first; $$o; $o=$o->sibling) {
886 push @ops, $o;
887 }
888 $body = $self->lineseq(undef, @ops).";";
889 my $scope_en = $self->find_scope_en($lineseq);
890 if (defined $scope_en) {
891 my $subs = join"", $self->seq_subs($scope_en);
892 $body .= ";\n$subs" if length($subs);
893 }
894 }
895 else {
896 $body = $self->deparse($cv->ROOT->first, 0);
897 }
de3f1649 898 }
ce4e655d
RH
899 else {
900 my $sv = $cv->const_sv;
901 if ($$sv) {
902 # uh-oh. inlinable sub... format it differently
d989cdac 903 return $proto . "{ " . $self->const($sv, 0) . " }\n";
ce4e655d
RH
904 } else { # XSUB? (or just a declaration)
905 return "$proto;\n";
906 }
6e90668e 907 }
ce4e655d 908 return $proto ."{\n\t$body\n\b}" ."\n";
6e90668e
SM
909}
910
911sub deparse_format {
912 my $self = shift;
913 my $form = shift;
914 my @text;
915 local($self->{'curcv'}) = $form;
8510e997 916 local($self->{'curcvlex'});
67fc2416 917 local($self->{'in_format'}) = 1;
0ced6c29
RGS
918 local(@$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'})
919 = @$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'};
6e90668e
SM
920 my $op = $form->ROOT;
921 my $kid;
fb725297
RGS
922 return "\f." if $op->first->name eq 'stub'
923 || $op->first->name eq 'nextstate';
6e90668e
SM
924 $op = $op->first->first; # skip leavewrite, lineseq
925 while (not null $op) {
926 $op = $op->sibling; # skip nextstate
927 my @exprs;
928 $kid = $op->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
a5b0cd91 929 push @text, "\f".$self->const_sv($kid)->PV;
6e90668e
SM
930 $kid = $kid->sibling;
931 for (; not null $kid; $kid = $kid->sibling) {
9d2c6865 932 push @exprs, $self->deparse($kid, 0);
6e90668e 933 }
a5b0cd91 934 push @text, "\f".join(", ", @exprs)."\n" if @exprs;
6e90668e
SM
935 $op = $op->sibling;
936 }
a5b0cd91 937 return join("", @text) . "\f.";
6e90668e
SM
938}
939
6e90668e 940sub is_scope {
a798dbf2 941 my $op = shift;
3f872cb9
GS
942 return $op->name eq "leave" || $op->name eq "scope"
943 || $op->name eq "lineseq"
d989cdac 944 || ($op->name eq "null" && class($op) eq "UNOP"
3f872cb9 945 && (is_scope($op->first) || $op->first->name eq "enter"));
6e90668e
SM
946}
947
948sub is_state {
3f872cb9
GS
949 my $name = $_[0]->name;
950 return $name eq "nextstate" || $name eq "dbstate" || $name eq "setstate";
6e90668e
SM
951}
952
e38ccfd9 953sub is_miniwhile { # check for one-line loop ('foo() while $y--')
6e90668e 954 my $op = shift;
d989cdac 955 return (!null($op) and null($op->sibling)
3f872cb9
GS
956 and $op->name eq "null" and class($op) eq "UNOP"
957 and (($op->first->name =~ /^(and|or)$/
958 and $op->first->first->sibling->name eq "lineseq")
959 or ($op->first->name eq "lineseq"
6e90668e 960 and not null $op->first->first->sibling
3f872cb9 961 and $op->first->first->sibling->name eq "unstack")
6e90668e
SM
962 ));
963}
964
d989cdac
SM
965# Check if the op and its sibling are the initialization and the rest of a
966# for (..;..;..) { ... } loop
967sub is_for_loop {
968 my $op = shift;
969 # This OP might be almost anything, though it won't be a
970 # nextstate. (It's the initialization, so in the canonical case it
eae48c89
Z
971 # will be an sassign.) The sibling is (old style) a lineseq whose
972 # first child is a nextstate and whose second is a leaveloop, or
973 # (new style) an unstack whose sibling is a leaveloop.
d989cdac 974 my $lseq = $op->sibling;
eae48c89
Z
975 return 0 unless !is_state($op) and !null($lseq);
976 if ($lseq->name eq "lineseq") {
d989cdac
SM
977 if ($lseq->first && !null($lseq->first) && is_state($lseq->first)
978 && (my $sib = $lseq->first->sibling)) {
979 return (!null($sib) && $sib->name eq "leaveloop");
980 }
eae48c89
Z
981 } elsif ($lseq->name eq "unstack" && ($lseq->flags & OPf_SPECIAL)) {
982 my $sib = $lseq->sibling;
983 return $sib && !null($sib) && $sib->name eq "leaveloop";
d989cdac
SM
984 }
985 return 0;
986}
987
6e90668e
SM
988sub is_scalar {
989 my $op = shift;
3f872cb9
GS
990 return ($op->name eq "rv2sv" or
991 $op->name eq "padsv" or
992 $op->name eq "gv" or # only in array/hash constructs
bd0865ec 993 $op->flags & OPf_KIDS && !null($op->first)
3f872cb9 994 && $op->first->name eq "gvsv");
6e90668e
SM
995}
996
9d2c6865
SM
997sub maybe_parens {
998 my $self = shift;
999 my($text, $cx, $prec) = @_;
1000 if ($prec < $cx # unary ops nest just fine
1001 or $prec == $cx and $cx != 4 and $cx != 16 and $cx != 21
1002 or $self->{'parens'})
1003 {
1004 $text = "($text)";
1005 # In a unop, let parent reuse our parens; see maybe_parens_unop
1006 $text = "\cS" . $text if $cx == 16;
1007 return $text;
1008 } else {
1009 return $text;
1010 }
1011}
1012
e38ccfd9 1013# same as above, but get around the 'if it looks like a function' rule
9d2c6865
SM
1014sub maybe_parens_unop {
1015 my $self = shift;
1016 my($name, $kid, $cx) = @_;
1017 if ($cx > 16 or $self->{'parens'}) {
a0035eb8
RH
1018 $kid = $self->deparse($kid, 1);
1019 if ($name eq "umask" && $kid =~ /^\d+$/) {
1020 $kid = sprintf("%#o", $kid);
1021 }
4a1ac32e 1022 return $self->keyword($name) . "($kid)";
9d2c6865
SM
1023 } else {
1024 $kid = $self->deparse($kid, 16);
a0035eb8
RH
1025 if ($name eq "umask" && $kid =~ /^\d+$/) {
1026 $kid = sprintf("%#o", $kid);
1027 }
4a1ac32e 1028 $name = $self->keyword($name);
9d2c6865
SM
1029 if (substr($kid, 0, 1) eq "\cS") {
1030 # use kid's parens
1031 return $name . substr($kid, 1);
1032 } elsif (substr($kid, 0, 1) eq "(") {
1033 # avoid looks-like-a-function trap with extra parens
e38ccfd9 1034 # ('+' can lead to ambiguities)
9d2c6865
SM
1035 return "$name(" . $kid . ")";
1036 } else {
1037 return "$name $kid";
1038 }
1039 }
1040}
1041
1042sub maybe_parens_func {
1043 my $self = shift;
1044 my($func, $text, $cx, $prec) = @_;
1045 if ($prec <= $cx or substr($text, 0, 1) eq "(" or $self->{'parens'}) {
1046 return "$func($text)";
1047 } else {
1048 return "$func $text";
1049 }
1050}
1051
6e90668e
SM
1052sub maybe_local {
1053 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1054 my($op, $cx, $text) = @_;
ce4e655d
RH
1055 my $our_intro = ($op->name =~ /^(gv|rv2)[ash]v$/) ? OPpOUR_INTRO : 0;
1056 if ($op->private & (OPpLVAL_INTRO|$our_intro)
1057 and not $self->{'avoid_local'}{$$op}) {
1058 my $our_local = ($op->private & OPpLVAL_INTRO) ? "local" : "our";
8e3542b6 1059 if( $our_local eq 'our' ) {
640d5d41
FC
1060 if ( $text !~ /^\W(\w+::)*\w+\z/
1061 and !utf8::decode($text) || $text !~ /^\W(\w+::)*\w+\z/
1062 ) {
1063 die "Unexpected our($text)\n";
1064 }
d989cdac 1065 $text =~ s/(\w+::)+//;
8e3542b6 1066 }
e8d3f51b 1067 if (want_scalar($op)) {
ce4e655d 1068 return "$our_local $text";
e8d3f51b 1069 } else {
ce4e655d 1070 return $self->maybe_parens_func("$our_local", $text, $cx, 16);
e8d3f51b 1071 }
6e90668e
SM
1072 } else {
1073 return $text;
a798dbf2 1074 }
a798dbf2
MB
1075}
1076
3ed82cfc
GS
1077sub maybe_targmy {
1078 my $self = shift;
1079 my($op, $cx, $func, @args) = @_;
1080 if ($op->private & OPpTARGET_MY) {
1081 my $var = $self->padname($op->targ);
1082 my $val = $func->($self, $op, 7, @args);
1083 return $self->maybe_parens("$var = $val", $cx, 7);
1084 } else {
1085 return $func->($self, $op, $cx, @args);
1086 }
1087}
1088
6e90668e
SM
1089sub padname_sv {
1090 my $self = shift;
1091 my $targ = shift;
d989cdac 1092 return $self->{'curcv'}->PADLIST->ARRAYelt(0)->ARRAYelt($targ);
6e90668e
SM
1093}
1094
1095sub maybe_my {
1096 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1097 my($op, $cx, $text) = @_;
4c1f658f 1098 if ($op->private & OPpLVAL_INTRO and not $self->{'avoid_local'}{$$op}) {
80e3f4ad
FC
1099 my $my = $op->private & OPpPAD_STATE
1100 ? $self->keyword("state")
1101 : "my";
e8d3f51b 1102 if (want_scalar($op)) {
3462b4ac 1103 return "$my $text";
e8d3f51b 1104 } else {
3462b4ac 1105 return $self->maybe_parens_func($my, $text, $cx, 16);
e8d3f51b 1106 }
6e90668e
SM
1107 } else {
1108 return $text;
1109 }
1110}
1111
9d2c6865
SM
1112# The following OPs don't have functions:
1113
1114# pp_padany -- does not exist after parsing
9d2c6865 1115
2ae48fff
RGS
1116sub AUTOLOAD {
1117 if ($AUTOLOAD =~ s/^.*::pp_//) {
1118 warn "unexpected OP_".uc $AUTOLOAD;
1119 return "XXX";
1120 } else {
1121 die "Undefined subroutine $AUTOLOAD called";
1122 }
9d2c6865 1123}
6e90668e 1124
611c1e95
IZ
1125sub DESTROY {} # Do not AUTOLOAD
1126
ce4e655d
RH
1127# $root should be the op which represents the root of whatever
1128# we're sequencing here. If it's undefined, then we don't append
1129# any subroutine declarations to the deparsed ops, otherwise we
1130# append appropriate declarations.
58cccf98 1131sub lineseq {
ce4e655d 1132 my($self, $root, @ops) = @_;
58cccf98 1133 my($expr, @exprs);
ce4e655d
RH
1134
1135 my $out_cop = $self->{'curcop'};
1136 my $out_seq = defined($out_cop) ? $out_cop->cop_seq : undef;
1137 my $limit_seq;
1138 if (defined $root) {
1139 $limit_seq = $out_seq;
76df5e8f
DM
1140 my $nseq;
1141 $nseq = $self->find_scope_st($root->sibling) if ${$root->sibling};
ce4e655d
RH
1142 $limit_seq = $nseq if !defined($limit_seq)
1143 or defined($nseq) && $nseq < $limit_seq;
1144 }
1145 $limit_seq = $self->{'limit_seq'}
1146 if defined($self->{'limit_seq'})
1147 && (!defined($limit_seq) || $self->{'limit_seq'} < $limit_seq);
1148 local $self->{'limit_seq'} = $limit_seq;
09d856fb
CK
1149
1150 $self->walk_lineseq($root, \@ops,
1151 sub { push @exprs, $_[0]} );
1152
ce4e655d
RH
1153 my $body = join(";\n", grep {length} @exprs);
1154 my $subs = "";
67fc2416 1155 if (defined $root && defined $limit_seq && !$self->{'in_format'}) {
ce4e655d
RH
1156 $subs = join "\n", $self->seq_subs($limit_seq);
1157 }
1158 return join(";\n", grep {length} $body, $subs);
6e90668e
SM
1159}
1160
58cccf98 1161sub scopeop {
d989cdac 1162 my($real_block, $self, $op, $cx) = @_;
58cccf98
SM
1163 my $kid;
1164 my @kids;
a0405c92 1165
0ced6c29
RGS
1166 local(@$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'})
1167 = @$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'} if $real_block;
58cccf98
SM
1168 if ($real_block) {
1169 $kid = $op->first->sibling; # skip enter
1170 if (is_miniwhile($kid)) {
1171 my $top = $kid->first;
1172 my $name = $top->name;
1173 if ($name eq "and") {
1174 $name = "while";
1175 } elsif ($name eq "or") {
1176 $name = "until";
1177 } else { # no conditional -> while 1 or until 0
1178 return $self->deparse($top->first, 1) . " while 1";
1179 }
1180 my $cond = $top->first;
1181 my $body = $cond->sibling->first; # skip lineseq
1182 $cond = $self->deparse($cond, 1);
1183 $body = $self->deparse($body, 1);
1184 return "$body $name $cond";
6e90668e 1185 }
58cccf98
SM
1186 } else {
1187 $kid = $op->first;
1188 }
1189 for (; !null($kid); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
1190 push @kids, $kid;
6e90668e 1191 }
d989cdac 1192 if ($cx > 0) { # inside an expression, (a do {} while for lineseq)
ce4e655d 1193 return "do {\n\t" . $self->lineseq($op, @kids) . "\n\b}";
9d2c6865 1194 } else {
ce4e655d 1195 my $lineseq = $self->lineseq($op, @kids);
7a9b44b9 1196 return (length ($lineseq) ? "$lineseq;" : "");
6e90668e 1197 }
6e90668e
SM
1198}
1199
ce4e655d 1200sub pp_scope { scopeop(0, @_); }
58cccf98
SM
1201sub pp_lineseq { scopeop(0, @_); }
1202sub pp_leave { scopeop(1, @_); }
9d2c6865 1203
d989cdac
SM
1204# This is a special case of scopeop and lineseq, for the case of the
1205# main_root. The difference is that we print the output statements as
1206# soon as we get them, for the sake of impatient users.
1207sub deparse_root {
1208 my $self = shift;
1209 my($op) = @_;
0ced6c29
RGS
1210 local(@$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'})
1211 = @$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'};
d989cdac 1212 my @kids;
4ca8de37 1213 return if null $op->first; # Can happen, e.g., for Bytecode without -k
d989cdac
SM
1214 for (my $kid = $op->first->sibling; !null($kid); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
1215 push @kids, $kid;
1216 }
09d856fb
CK
1217 $self->walk_lineseq($op, \@kids,
1218 sub { print $self->indent($_[0].';');
1219 print "\n" unless $_[1] == $#kids;
1220 });
1221}
1222
1223sub walk_lineseq {
1224 my ($self, $op, $kids, $callback) = @_;
1225 my @kids = @$kids;
d989cdac
SM
1226 for (my $i = 0; $i < @kids; $i++) {
1227 my $expr = "";
1228 if (is_state $kids[$i]) {
09d856fb 1229 $expr = $self->deparse($kids[$i++], 0);
d989cdac 1230 if ($i > $#kids) {
09d856fb 1231 $callback->($expr, $i);
d989cdac
SM
1232 last;
1233 }
1234 }
1235 if (is_for_loop($kids[$i])) {
eae48c89
Z
1236 $callback->($expr . $self->for_loop($kids[$i], 0),
1237 $i += $kids[$i]->sibling->name eq "unstack" ? 2 : 1);
d989cdac
SM
1238 next;
1239 }
1240 $expr .= $self->deparse($kids[$i], (@kids != 1)/2);
1241 $expr =~ s/;\n?\z//;
09d856fb 1242 $callback->($expr, $i);
d989cdac
SM
1243 }
1244}
1245
6e90668e
SM
1246# The BEGIN {} is used here because otherwise this code isn't executed
1247# when you run B::Deparse on itself.
1248my %globalnames;
1249BEGIN { map($globalnames{$_}++, "SIG", "STDIN", "STDOUT", "STDERR", "INC",
1250 "ENV", "ARGV", "ARGVOUT", "_"); }
1251
1252sub gv_name {
1253 my $self = shift;
1254 my $gv = shift;
c6e79e55 1255Carp::confess() unless ref($gv) eq "B::GV";
6e90668e 1256 my $stash = $gv->STASH->NAME;
d9963e60 1257 my $name = $gv->SAFENAME;
8b2d6640
FC
1258 if ($stash eq 'main' && $name =~ /^::/) {
1259 $stash = '::';
1260 }
1261 elsif (($stash eq 'main' && $globalnames{$name})
1262 or ($stash eq $self->{'curstash'} && !$globalnames{$name}
1263 && ($stash eq 'main' || $name !~ /::/))
644838b9 1264 or $name =~ /^[^A-Za-z_:]/)
9d2c6865 1265 {
6e90668e
SM
1266 $stash = "";
1267 } else {
1268 $stash = $stash . "::";
a798dbf2 1269 }
083bda02
MS
1270 if ($name =~ /^(\^..|{)/) {
1271 $name = "{$name}"; # ${^WARNING_BITS}, etc and ${
6e90668e
SM
1272 }
1273 return $stash . $name;
a798dbf2
MB
1274}
1275
8510e997
RH
1276# Return the name to use for a stash variable.
1277# If a lexical with the same name is in scope, it may need to be
1278# fully-qualified.
1279sub stash_variable {
bb8996b8 1280 my ($self, $prefix, $name, $cx) = @_;
8510e997
RH
1281
1282 return "$prefix$name" if $name =~ /::/;
1283
d989cdac 1284 unless ($prefix eq '$' || $prefix eq '@' || #'
8510e997
RH
1285 $prefix eq '%' || $prefix eq '$#') {
1286 return "$prefix$name";
1287 }
1288
61154ac0
FC
1289 if ($name =~ /^[^\w+-]$/) {
1290 if (defined $cx && $cx == 26) {
1291 if ($prefix eq '@') {
bb8996b8
HY
1292 return "$prefix\{$name}";
1293 }
61154ac0
FC
1294 elsif ($name eq '#') { return '${#}' } # "${#}a" vs "$#a"
1295 }
1296 if ($prefix eq '$#') {
6ec73527 1297 return "\$#{$name}";
61154ac0 1298 }
6ec73527 1299 }
bb8996b8 1300
8510e997
RH
1301 my $v = ($prefix eq '$#' ? '@' : $prefix) . $name;
1302 return $prefix .$self->{'curstash'}.'::'. $name if $self->lex_in_scope($v);
1303 return "$prefix$name";
1304}
1305
1306sub lex_in_scope {
1307 my ($self, $name) = @_;
1308 $self->populate_curcvlex() if !defined $self->{'curcvlex'};
1309
6ec152c3 1310 return 0 if !defined($self->{'curcop'});
8510e997
RH
1311 my $seq = $self->{'curcop'}->cop_seq;
1312 return 0 if !exists $self->{'curcvlex'}{$name};
1313 for my $a (@{$self->{'curcvlex'}{$name}}) {
1314 my ($st, $en) = @$a;
1315 return 1 if $seq > $st && $seq <= $en;
1316 }
1317 return 0;
1318}
1319
1320sub populate_curcvlex {
1321 my $self = shift;
ce4e655d 1322 for (my $cv = $self->{'curcv'}; class($cv) eq "CV"; $cv = $cv->OUTSIDE) {
7dafbf52
DM
1323 my $padlist = $cv->PADLIST;
1324 # an undef CV still in lexical chain
1325 next if class($padlist) eq "SPECIAL";
1326 my @padlist = $padlist->ARRAY;
8510e997
RH
1327 my @ns = $padlist[0]->ARRAY;
1328
1329 for (my $i=0; $i<@ns; ++$i) {
1330 next if class($ns[$i]) eq "SPECIAL";
ce4e655d 1331 next if $ns[$i]->FLAGS & SVpad_OUR; # Skip "our" vars
0f2fe21d
RH
1332 if (class($ns[$i]) eq "PV") {
1333 # Probably that pesky lexical @_
1334 next;
1335 }
8510e997 1336 my $name = $ns[$i]->PVX;
7dafbf52
DM
1337 my ($seq_st, $seq_en) =
1338 ($ns[$i]->FLAGS & SVf_FAKE)
1339 ? (0, 999999)
809abb02 1340 : ($ns[$i]->COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, $ns[$i]->COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH);
8510e997
RH
1341
1342 push @{$self->{'curcvlex'}{$name}}, [$seq_st, $seq_en];
1343 }
1344 }
1345}
1346
ce4e655d
RH
1347sub find_scope_st { ((find_scope(@_))[0]); }
1348sub find_scope_en { ((find_scope(@_))[1]); }
1349
1350# Recurses down the tree, looking for pad variable introductions and COPs
1351sub find_scope {
1352 my ($self, $op, $scope_st, $scope_en) = @_;
ff97752d 1353 carp("Undefined op in find_scope") if !defined $op;
ce4e655d
RH
1354 return ($scope_st, $scope_en) unless $op->flags & OPf_KIDS;
1355
b6b46d6f
AB
1356 my @queue = ($op);
1357 while(my $op = shift @queue ) {
1358 for (my $o=$op->first; $$o; $o=$o->sibling) {
1359 if ($o->name =~ /^pad.v$/ && $o->private & OPpLVAL_INTRO) {
1360 my $s = int($self->padname_sv($o->targ)->COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW);
1361 my $e = $self->padname_sv($o->targ)->COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH;
1362 $scope_st = $s if !defined($scope_st) || $s < $scope_st;
1363 $scope_en = $e if !defined($scope_en) || $e > $scope_en;
1364 return ($scope_st, $scope_en);
1365 }
1366 elsif (is_state($o)) {
1367 my $c = $o->cop_seq;
1368 $scope_st = $c if !defined($scope_st) || $c < $scope_st;
1369 $scope_en = $c if !defined($scope_en) || $c > $scope_en;
1370 return ($scope_st, $scope_en);
1371 }
1372 elsif ($o->flags & OPf_KIDS) {
1373 unshift (@queue, $o);
1374 }
34a48b4b
RH
1375 }
1376 }
ce4e655d
RH
1377
1378 return ($scope_st, $scope_en);
34a48b4b
RH
1379}
1380
1381# Returns a list of subs which should be inserted before the COP
1382sub cop_subs {
1383 my ($self, $op, $out_seq) = @_;
1384 my $seq = $op->cop_seq;
1385 # If we have nephews, then our sequence number indicates
1386 # the cop_seq of the end of some sort of scope.
1387 if (class($op->sibling) ne "NULL" && $op->sibling->flags & OPf_KIDS
ce4e655d
RH
1388 and my $nseq = $self->find_scope_st($op->sibling) ) {
1389 $seq = $nseq;
34a48b4b
RH
1390 }
1391 $seq = $out_seq if defined($out_seq) && $out_seq < $seq;
1392 return $self->seq_subs($seq);
1393}
1394
1395sub seq_subs {
1396 my ($self, $seq) = @_;
1397 my @text;
1398#push @text, "# ($seq)\n";
1399
ce4e655d 1400 return "" if !defined $seq;
34a48b4b
RH
1401 while (scalar(@{$self->{'subs_todo'}})
1402 and $seq > $self->{'subs_todo'}[0][0]) {
1403 push @text, $self->next_todo;
1404 }
1405 return @text;
1406}
1407
08c6f5ec 1408# Notice how subs and formats are inserted between statements here;
bc6b2ef6 1409# also $[ assignments and pragmas.
6e90668e
SM
1410sub pp_nextstate {
1411 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1412 my($op, $cx) = @_;
34a48b4b 1413 $self->{'curcop'} = $op;
6e90668e 1414 my @text;
34a48b4b 1415 push @text, $self->cop_subs($op);
11faa288 1416 my $stash = $op->stashpv;
6e90668e
SM
1417 if ($stash ne $self->{'curstash'}) {
1418 push @text, "package $stash;\n";
1419 $self->{'curstash'} = $stash;
1420 }
08c6f5ec 1421
bc6b2ef6
Z
1422 if (OPpCONST_ARYBASE && $self->{'arybase'} != $op->arybase) {
1423 push @text, '$[ = '. $op->arybase .";\n";
1424 $self->{'arybase'} = $op->arybase;
1425 }
1426
7a9b44b9
RH
1427 my $warnings = $op->warnings;
1428 my $warning_bits;
1429 if ($warnings->isa("B::SPECIAL") && $$warnings == 4) {
810aef70 1430 $warning_bits = $warnings::Bits{"all"} & WARN_MASK;
7a9b44b9 1431 }
e31885a0 1432 elsif ($warnings->isa("B::SPECIAL") && $$warnings == 5) {
810aef70 1433 $warning_bits = $warnings::NONE;
7a9b44b9 1434 }
e31885a0
RH
1435 elsif ($warnings->isa("B::SPECIAL")) {
1436 $warning_bits = undef;
1437 }
7a9b44b9 1438 else {
34a48b4b 1439 $warning_bits = $warnings->PV & WARN_MASK;
7a9b44b9
RH
1440 }
1441
e31885a0
RH
1442 if (defined ($warning_bits) and
1443 !defined($self->{warnings}) || $self->{'warnings'} ne $warning_bits) {
08c6f5ec 1444 push @text, declare_warnings($self->{'warnings'}, $warning_bits);
7a9b44b9
RH
1445 $self->{'warnings'} = $warning_bits;
1446 }
1447
2be95ceb
NC
1448 my $hints = $] < 5.008009 ? $op->private : $op->hints;
1449 if ($self->{'hints'} != $hints) {
1450 push @text, declare_hints($self->{'hints'}, $hints);
1451 $self->{'hints'} = $hints;
a0405c92
RH
1452 }
1453
e9c69003 1454 if ($] > 5.009 &&
c306e834
FC
1455 @text != push @text, declare_hinthash(
1456 $self->{'hinthash'}, $op->hints_hash->HASH,
1457 $self->{indent_size}
1458 )
1459 ) {
0ced6c29
RGS
1460 $self->{'hinthash'} = $op->hints_hash->HASH;
1461 }
1462
d989cdac
SM
1463 # This should go after of any branches that add statements, to
1464 # increase the chances that it refers to the same line it did in
1465 # the original program.
1466 if ($self->{'linenums'}) {
1467 push @text, "\f#line " . $op->line .
1468 ' "' . $op->file, qq'"\n';
1469 }
1470
98a1a137
Z
1471 push @text, $op->label . ": " if $op->label;
1472
6e90668e
SM
1473 return join("", @text);
1474}
1475
08c6f5ec
RH
1476sub declare_warnings {
1477 my ($from, $to) = @_;
e6f1f756 1478 if (($to & WARN_MASK) eq (warnings::bits("all") & WARN_MASK)) {
a0405c92
RH
1479 return "use warnings;\n";
1480 }
e6f1f756 1481 elsif (($to & WARN_MASK) eq ("\0"x length($to) & WARN_MASK)) {
a0405c92
RH
1482 return "no warnings;\n";
1483 }
51a5edaf 1484 return "BEGIN {\${^WARNING_BITS} = ".perlstring($to)."}\n";
a0405c92
RH
1485}
1486
1487sub declare_hints {
1488 my ($from, $to) = @_;
a0035eb8
RH
1489 my $use = $to & ~$from;
1490 my $no = $from & ~$to;
1491 my $decls = "";
1492 for my $pragma (hint_pragmas($use)) {
1493 $decls .= "use $pragma;\n";
1494 }
1495 for my $pragma (hint_pragmas($no)) {
1496 $decls .= "no $pragma;\n";
1497 }
1498 return $decls;
1499}
1500
493c23c6
NC
1501# Internal implementation hints that the core sets automatically, so don't need
1502# (or want) to be passed back to the user
1503my %ignored_hints = (
1504 'open<' => 1,
1505 'open>' => 1,
dca6062a 1506 ':' => 1,
2e8342de 1507);
493c23c6 1508
0ced6c29
RGS
1509sub declare_hinthash {
1510 my ($from, $to, $indent) = @_;
1511 my @decls;
1512 for my $key (keys %$to) {
493c23c6 1513 next if $ignored_hints{$key};
04be0204 1514 if (!exists $from->{$key} or $from->{$key} ne $to->{$key}) {
035146a3
FC
1515 push @decls,
1516 qq(\$^H{) . single_delim("q", "'", $key) . qq(} = )
1517 . (
1518 defined $to->{$key}
1519 ? single_delim("q", "'", $to->{$key})
1520 : 'undef'
1521 )
04be0204 1522 . qq(;);
0ced6c29
RGS
1523 }
1524 }
1525 for my $key (keys %$from) {
493c23c6 1526 next if $ignored_hints{$key};
0ced6c29
RGS
1527 if (!exists $to->{$key}) {
1528 push @decls, qq(delete \$^H{'$key'};);
1529 }
1530 }
c306e834 1531 @decls or return;
0ced6c29
RGS
1532 return join("\n" . (" " x $indent), "BEGIN {", @decls) . "\n}\n";
1533}
1534
a0035eb8
RH
1535sub hint_pragmas {
1536 my ($bits) = @_;
1537 my @pragmas;
1538 push @pragmas, "integer" if $bits & 0x1;
1539 push @pragmas, "strict 'refs'" if $bits & 0x2;
1540 push @pragmas, "bytes" if $bits & 0x8;
1541 return @pragmas;
08c6f5ec
RH
1542}
1543
6e90668e 1544sub pp_dbstate { pp_nextstate(@_) }
3f872cb9 1545sub pp_setstate { pp_nextstate(@_) }
6e90668e
SM
1546
1547sub pp_unstack { return "" } # see also leaveloop
1548
80e3f4ad
FC
1549my %feature_keywords = (
1550 # keyword => 'feature',
1551 state => 'state',
1552 say => 'say',
1553 given => 'switch',
1554 when => 'switch',
1555 default => 'switch',
e36901c8 1556 break => 'switch',
7d789282 1557 evalbytes=>'evalbytes',
84ed0108 1558 __SUB__ => '__SUB__',
80e3f4ad
FC
1559);
1560
4a1ac32e
FC
1561sub keyword {
1562 my $self = shift;
1563 my $name = shift;
1564 return $name if $name =~ /^CORE::/; # just in case
80e3f4ad 1565 if (exists $feature_keywords{$name}) {
7d789282
FC
1566 return "CORE::$name"
1567 if !$self->{'hinthash'}
1568 || !$self->{'hinthash'}{"feature_$feature_keywords{$name}"}
80e3f4ad 1569 }
4a1ac32e 1570 if (
a598d0e5 1571 $name !~ /^(?:chom?p|do|exec|glob|s(?:elect|ystem))\z/
4a1ac32e
FC
1572 && !defined eval{prototype "CORE::$name"}
1573 ) { return $name }
1574 if (
1575 exists $self->{subs_declared}{$name}
1576 or
1577 exists &{"$self->{curstash}::$name"}
1578 ) {
1579 return "CORE::$name"
1580 }
1581 return $name;
1582}
1583
6e90668e
SM
1584sub baseop {
1585 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1586 my($op, $cx, $name) = @_;
4a1ac32e 1587 return $self->keyword($name);
6e90668e
SM
1588}
1589
e99ebc55
RH
1590sub pp_stub {
1591 my $self = shift;
1592 my($op, $cx, $name) = @_;
d989cdac 1593 if ($cx >= 1) {
e99ebc55
RH
1594 return "()";
1595 }
1596 else {
1597 return "();";
1598 }
1599}
6e90668e
SM
1600sub pp_wantarray { baseop(@_, "wantarray") }
1601sub pp_fork { baseop(@_, "fork") }
3ed82cfc
GS
1602sub pp_wait { maybe_targmy(@_, \&baseop, "wait") }
1603sub pp_getppid { maybe_targmy(@_, \&baseop, "getppid") }
1604sub pp_time { maybe_targmy(@_, \&baseop, "time") }
6e90668e
SM
1605sub pp_tms { baseop(@_, "times") }
1606sub pp_ghostent { baseop(@_, "gethostent") }
1607sub pp_gnetent { baseop(@_, "getnetent") }
1608sub pp_gprotoent { baseop(@_, "getprotoent") }
1609sub pp_gservent { baseop(@_, "getservent") }
1610sub pp_ehostent { baseop(@_, "endhostent") }
1611sub pp_enetent { baseop(@_, "endnetent") }
1612sub pp_eprotoent { baseop(@_, "endprotoent") }
1613sub pp_eservent { baseop(@_, "endservent") }
1614sub pp_gpwent { baseop(@_, "getpwent") }
1615sub pp_spwent { baseop(@_, "setpwent") }
1616sub pp_epwent { baseop(@_, "endpwent") }
1617sub pp_ggrent { baseop(@_, "getgrent") }
1618sub pp_sgrent { baseop(@_, "setgrent") }
1619sub pp_egrent { baseop(@_, "endgrent") }
1620sub pp_getlogin { baseop(@_, "getlogin") }
1621
1622sub POSTFIX () { 1 }
1623
9d2c6865
SM
1624# I couldn't think of a good short name, but this is the category of
1625# symbolic unary operators with interesting precedence
1626
1627sub pfixop {
1628 my $self = shift;
1629 my($op, $cx, $name, $prec, $flags) = (@_, 0);
1630 my $kid = $op->first;
1631 $kid = $self->deparse($kid, $prec);
843b15cc
FC
1632 return $self->maybe_parens(($flags & POSTFIX)
1633 ? "$kid$name"
1634 # avoid confusion with filetests
1635 : $name eq '-'
1636 && $kid =~ /^[a-zA-Z](?!\w)/
1637 ? "$name($kid)"
1638 : "$name$kid",
9d2c6865
SM
1639 $cx, $prec);
1640}
1641
1642sub pp_preinc { pfixop(@_, "++", 23) }
1643sub pp_predec { pfixop(@_, "--", 23) }
3ed82cfc
GS
1644sub pp_postinc { maybe_targmy(@_, \&pfixop, "++", 23, POSTFIX) }
1645sub pp_postdec { maybe_targmy(@_, \&pfixop, "--", 23, POSTFIX) }
9d2c6865
SM
1646sub pp_i_preinc { pfixop(@_, "++", 23) }
1647sub pp_i_predec { pfixop(@_, "--", 23) }
3ed82cfc
GS
1648sub pp_i_postinc { maybe_targmy(@_, \&pfixop, "++", 23, POSTFIX) }
1649sub pp_i_postdec { maybe_targmy(@_, \&pfixop, "--", 23, POSTFIX) }
68cc8748 1650sub pp_complement { maybe_targmy(@_, \&pfixop, "~", 21) }
9d2c6865 1651
3ed82cfc
GS
1652sub pp_negate { maybe_targmy(@_, \&real_negate) }
1653sub real_negate {
9d2c6865
SM
1654 my $self = shift;
1655 my($op, $cx) = @_;
3f872cb9 1656 if ($op->first->name =~ /^(i_)?negate$/) {
9d2c6865
SM
1657 # avoid --$x
1658 $self->pfixop($op, $cx, "-", 21.5);
1659 } else {
1660 $self->pfixop($op, $cx, "-", 21);
1661 }
1662}
1663sub pp_i_negate { pp_negate(@_) }
1664
1665sub pp_not {
1666 my $self = shift;
1667 my($op, $cx) = @_;
1668 if ($cx <= 4) {
1cabb3b3 1669 $self->listop($op, $cx, "not", $op->first);
9d2c6865
SM
1670 } else {
1671 $self->pfixop($op, $cx, "!", 21);
1672 }
1673}
1674
6e90668e
SM
1675sub unop {
1676 my $self = shift;
9c56d9ea 1677 my($op, $cx, $name, $nollafr) = @_;
6e90668e 1678 my $kid;
9d2c6865 1679 if ($op->flags & OPf_KIDS) {
aaf643ce 1680 $kid = $op->first;
1c85afce
YO
1681 if (not $name) {
1682 # this deals with 'boolkeys' right now
1683 return $self->deparse($kid,$cx);
1684 }
deb20ba3
RGS
1685 my $builtinname = $name;
1686 $builtinname =~ /^CORE::/ or $builtinname = "CORE::$name";
1687 if (defined prototype($builtinname)
1688 && prototype($builtinname) =~ /^;?\*/
e31885a0
RH
1689 && $kid->name eq "rv2gv") {
1690 $kid = $kid->first;
1691 }
1692
9c56d9ea
FC
1693 if ($nollafr) {
1694 ($kid = $self->deparse($kid, 16)) =~ s/^\cS//;
1695 return $self->maybe_parens(
1696 $self->keyword($name) . " $kid", $cx, 16
1697 );
1698 }
9d2c6865 1699 return $self->maybe_parens_unop($name, $kid, $cx);
6e90668e 1700 } else {
4d8ac5c7
FC
1701 return $self->maybe_parens(
1702 $self->keyword($name) . ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL ? "()" : ""),
1703 $cx, 16,
1704 );
6e90668e 1705 }
6e90668e
SM
1706}
1707
3ed82cfc
GS
1708sub pp_chop { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chop") }
1709sub pp_chomp { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chomp") }
1710sub pp_schop { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chop") }
1711sub pp_schomp { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chomp") }
6e90668e
SM
1712sub pp_defined { unop(@_, "defined") }
1713sub pp_undef { unop(@_, "undef") }
1714sub pp_study { unop(@_, "study") }
6e90668e
SM
1715sub pp_ref { unop(@_, "ref") }
1716sub pp_pos { maybe_local(@_, unop(@_, "pos")) }
1717
3ed82cfc
GS
1718sub pp_sin { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "sin") }
1719sub pp_cos { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "cos") }
1720sub pp_rand { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "rand") }
6e90668e 1721sub pp_srand { unop(@_, "srand") }
3ed82cfc
GS
1722sub pp_exp { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "exp") }
1723sub pp_log { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "log") }
1724sub pp_sqrt { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "sqrt") }
1725sub pp_int { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "int") }
1726sub pp_hex { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "hex") }
1727sub pp_oct { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "oct") }
1728sub pp_abs { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "abs") }
1729
1730sub pp_length { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "length") }
1731sub pp_ord { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "ord") }
1732sub pp_chr { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chr") }
6e90668e
SM
1733
1734sub pp_each { unop(@_, "each") }
1735sub pp_values { unop(@_, "values") }
1736sub pp_keys { unop(@_, "keys") }
09dcfa7d 1737{ no strict 'refs'; *{"pp_r$_"} = *{"pp_$_"} for qw< keys each values >; }
1c85afce
YO
1738sub pp_boolkeys {
1739 # no name because its an optimisation op that has no keyword
1740 unop(@_,"");
1741}
644741fd
NC
1742sub pp_aeach { unop(@_, "each") }
1743sub pp_avalues { unop(@_, "values") }
1744sub pp_akeys { unop(@_, "keys") }
6e90668e
SM
1745sub pp_pop { unop(@_, "pop") }
1746sub pp_shift { unop(@_, "shift") }
1747
1748sub pp_caller { unop(@_, "caller") }
1749sub pp_reset { unop(@_, "reset") }
1750sub pp_exit { unop(@_, "exit") }
1751sub pp_prototype { unop(@_, "prototype") }
1752
1753sub pp_close { unop(@_, "close") }
1754sub pp_fileno { unop(@_, "fileno") }
1755sub pp_umask { unop(@_, "umask") }
6e90668e
SM
1756sub pp_untie { unop(@_, "untie") }
1757sub pp_tied { unop(@_, "tied") }
1758sub pp_dbmclose { unop(@_, "dbmclose") }
1759sub pp_getc { unop(@_, "getc") }
1760sub pp_eof { unop(@_, "eof") }
1761sub pp_tell { unop(@_, "tell") }
1762sub pp_getsockname { unop(@_, "getsockname") }
1763sub pp_getpeername { unop(@_, "getpeername") }
1764
3ed82cfc
GS
1765sub pp_chdir { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chdir") }
1766sub pp_chroot { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "chroot") }
6e90668e 1767sub pp_readlink { unop(@_, "readlink") }
3ed82cfc 1768sub pp_rmdir { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "rmdir") }
6e90668e
SM
1769sub pp_readdir { unop(@_, "readdir") }
1770sub pp_telldir { unop(@_, "telldir") }
1771sub pp_rewinddir { unop(@_, "rewinddir") }
1772sub pp_closedir { unop(@_, "closedir") }
3ed82cfc 1773sub pp_getpgrp { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "getpgrp") }
6e90668e
SM
1774sub pp_localtime { unop(@_, "localtime") }
1775sub pp_gmtime { unop(@_, "gmtime") }
1776sub pp_alarm { unop(@_, "alarm") }
3ed82cfc 1777sub pp_sleep { maybe_targmy(@_, \&unop, "sleep") }
6e90668e 1778
94bb57f9 1779sub pp_dofile {
9c56d9ea 1780 my $code = unop(@_, "do", 1); # llafr does not apply
8b46c09b 1781 if ($code =~ s/^((?:CORE::)?do) \{/$1({/) { $code .= ')' }
94bb57f9
FC
1782 $code;
1783}
7d789282
FC
1784sub pp_entereval {
1785 unop(
1786 @_,
1787 $_[1]->private & OPpEVAL_BYTES ? $_[0]->keyword('evalbytes') : "eval"
1788 )
1789}
6e90668e
SM
1790
1791sub pp_ghbyname { unop(@_, "gethostbyname") }
1792sub pp_gnbyname { unop(@_, "getnetbyname") }
1793sub pp_gpbyname { unop(@_, "getprotobyname") }
1794sub pp_shostent { unop(@_, "sethostent") }
1795sub pp_snetent { unop(@_, "setnetent") }
1796sub pp_sprotoent { unop(@_, "setprotoent") }
1797sub pp_sservent { unop(@_, "setservent") }
1798sub pp_gpwnam { unop(@_, "getpwnam") }
1799sub pp_gpwuid { unop(@_, "getpwuid") }
1800sub pp_ggrnam { unop(@_, "getgrnam") }
1801sub pp_ggrgid { unop(@_, "getgrgid") }
1802
1803sub pp_lock { unop(@_, "lock") }
1804
0d863452 1805sub pp_continue { unop(@_, "continue"); }
c08f093b 1806sub pp_break { unop(@_, "break"); }
0d863452
RH
1807
1808sub givwhen {
1809 my $self = shift;
1810 my($op, $cx, $givwhen) = @_;
1811
1812 my $enterop = $op->first;
1813 my ($head, $block);
1814 if ($enterop->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
80e3f4ad 1815 $head = $self->keyword("default");
0d863452
RH
1816 $block = $self->deparse($enterop->first, 0);
1817 }
1818 else {
1819 my $cond = $enterop->first;
1820 my $cond_str = $self->deparse($cond, 1);
1821 $head = "$givwhen ($cond_str)";
1822 $block = $self->deparse($cond->sibling, 0);
1823 }
1824
1825 return "$head {\n".
1826 "\t$block\n".
1827 "\b}\cK";
1828}
1829
80e3f4ad
FC
1830sub pp_leavegiven { givwhen(@_, $_[0]->keyword("given")); }
1831sub pp_leavewhen { givwhen(@_, $_[0]->keyword("when")); }
0d863452 1832
6e90668e
SM
1833sub pp_exists {
1834 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1835 my($op, $cx) = @_;
34a48b4b
RH
1836 my $arg;
1837 if ($op->private & OPpEXISTS_SUB) {
1838 # Checking for the existence of a subroutine
1839 return $self->maybe_parens_func("exists",
1840 $self->pp_rv2cv($op->first, 16), $cx, 16);
1841 }
1842 if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
1843 # Array element, not hash element
1844 return $self->maybe_parens_func("exists",
1845 $self->pp_aelem($op->first, 16), $cx, 16);
1846 }
9d2c6865
SM
1847 return $self->maybe_parens_func("exists", $self->pp_helem($op->first, 16),
1848 $cx, 16);
6e90668e
SM
1849}
1850
6e90668e
SM
1851sub pp_delete {
1852 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1853 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
1854 my $arg;
1855 if ($op->private & OPpSLICE) {
34a48b4b
RH
1856 if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
1857 # Deleting from an array, not a hash
1858 return $self->maybe_parens_func("delete",
1859 $self->pp_aslice($op->first, 16),
1860 $cx, 16);
1861 }
9d2c6865
SM
1862 return $self->maybe_parens_func("delete",
1863 $self->pp_hslice($op->first, 16),
1864 $cx, 16);
6e90668e 1865 } else {
34a48b4b
RH
1866 if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
1867 # Deleting from an array, not a hash
1868 return $self->maybe_parens_func("delete",
1869 $self->pp_aelem($op->first, 16),
1870 $cx, 16);
1871 }
9d2c6865
SM
1872 return $self->maybe_parens_func("delete",
1873 $self->pp_helem($op->first, 16),
1874 $cx, 16);
6e90668e 1875 }
6e90668e
SM
1876}
1877
6e90668e
SM
1878sub pp_require {
1879 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1880 my($op, $cx) = @_;
d5889722 1881 my $opname = $op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL ? 'CORE::require' : 'require';
3f872cb9 1882 if (class($op) eq "UNOP" and $op->first->name eq "const"
4c1f658f 1883 and $op->first->private & OPpCONST_BARE)
6e90668e 1884 {
18228111 1885 my $name = $self->const_sv($op->first)->PV;
6e90668e
SM
1886 $name =~ s[/][::]g;
1887 $name =~ s/\.pm//g;
41df74e3 1888 return $self->maybe_parens("$opname $name", $cx, 16);
6e90668e 1889 } else {
41df74e3
FC
1890 $self->unop(
1891 $op, $cx,
c75b4828
FC
1892 $op->first->name eq 'const'
1893 && $op->first->private & OPpCONST_NOVER
1894 ? "no"
1895 : $opname,
41df74e3
FC
1896 1, # llafr does not apply
1897 );
6e90668e
SM
1898 }
1899}
1900
d989cdac 1901sub pp_scalar {
9d2c6865 1902 my $self = shift;
d9002312 1903 my($op, $cx) = @_;
9d2c6865
SM
1904 my $kid = $op->first;
1905 if (not null $kid->sibling) {
1906 # XXX Was a here-doc
1907 return $self->dquote($op);
1908 }
1909 $self->unop(@_, "scalar");
1910}
1911
1912
6e90668e
SM
1913sub padval {
1914 my $self = shift;
1915 my $targ = shift;
d989cdac 1916 return $self->{'curcv'}->PADLIST->ARRAYelt(1)->ARRAYelt($targ);
6e90668e
SM
1917}
1918
78c72037
NC
1919sub anon_hash_or_list {
1920 my $self = shift;
d9002312 1921 my($op, $cx) = @_;
78c72037
NC
1922
1923 my($pre, $post) = @{{"anonlist" => ["[","]"],
1924 "anonhash" => ["{","}"]}->{$op->name}};
1925 my($expr, @exprs);
1926 $op = $op->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
1927 for (; !null($op); $op = $op->sibling) {
1928 $expr = $self->deparse($op, 6);
1929 push @exprs, $expr;
1930 }
d9002312
SM
1931 if ($pre eq "{" and $cx < 1) {
1932 # Disambiguate that it's not a block
1933 $pre = "+{";
1934 }
78c72037
NC
1935 return $pre . join(", ", @exprs) . $post;
1936}
1937
1938sub pp_anonlist {
d9002312
SM
1939 my $self = shift;
1940 my ($op, $cx) = @_;
78c72037 1941 if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
d9002312 1942 return $self->anon_hash_or_list($op, $cx);
78c72037
NC
1943 }
1944 warn "Unexpected op pp_" . $op->name() . " without OPf_SPECIAL";
1945 return 'XXX';
1946}
1947
1948*pp_anonhash = \&pp_anonlist;
1949
6e90668e
SM
1950sub pp_refgen {
1951 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1952 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e 1953 my $kid = $op->first;
3f872cb9 1954 if ($kid->name eq "null") {
6e90668e 1955 $kid = $kid->first;
35925e80 1956 if (!null($kid->sibling) and
3f872cb9 1957 $kid->sibling->name eq "anoncode") {
09d856fb 1958 return $self->e_anoncode({ code => $self->padval($kid->sibling->targ) });
3f872cb9
GS
1959 } elsif ($kid->name eq "pushmark") {
1960 my $sib_name = $kid->sibling->name;
1961 if ($sib_name =~ /^(pad|rv2)[ah]v$/
c8c62db7
AD
1962 and not $kid->sibling->flags & OPf_REF)
1963 {
1964 # The @a in \(@a) isn't in ref context, but only when the
1965 # parens are there.
127212b2 1966 return "\\(" . $self->pp_list($op->first) . ")";
3f872cb9 1967 } elsif ($sib_name eq 'entersub') {
c8c62db7
AD
1968 my $text = $self->deparse($kid->sibling, 1);
1969 # Always show parens for \(&func()), but only with -p otherwise
1970 $text = "($text)" if $self->{'parens'}
1971 or $kid->sibling->private & OPpENTERSUB_AMPER;
1972 return "\\$text";
1973 }
1974 }
6e90668e 1975 }
9d2c6865 1976 $self->pfixop($op, $cx, "\\", 20);
6e90668e
SM
1977}
1978
09d856fb
CK
1979sub e_anoncode {
1980 my ($self, $info) = @_;
1981 my $text = $self->deparse_sub($info->{code});
1982 return "sub " . $text;
1983}
1984
6e90668e
SM
1985sub pp_srefgen { pp_refgen(@_) }
1986
1987sub pp_readline {
1988 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 1989 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e 1990 my $kid = $op->first;
3f872cb9 1991 $kid = $kid->first if $kid->name eq "rv2gv"; # <$fh>
e31885a0
RH
1992 return "<" . $self->deparse($kid, 1) . ">" if is_scalar($kid);
1993 return $self->unop($op, $cx, "readline");
6e90668e
SM
1994}
1995
ad8caead
RGS
1996sub pp_rcatline {
1997 my $self = shift;
1998 my($op) = @_;
d989cdac 1999 return "<" . $self->gv_name($self->gv_or_padgv($op)) . ">";
ad8caead
RGS
2000}
2001
bd0865ec
GS
2002# Unary operators that can occur as pseudo-listops inside double quotes
2003sub dq_unop {
2004 my $self = shift;
2005 my($op, $cx, $name, $prec, $flags) = (@_, 0, 0);
2006 my $kid;
2007 if ($op->flags & OPf_KIDS) {
2008 $kid = $op->first;
2009 # If there's more than one kid, the first is an ex-pushmark.
2010 $kid = $kid->sibling if not null $kid->sibling;
2011 return $self->maybe_parens_unop($name, $kid, $cx);
2012 } else {
d989cdac 2013 return $name . ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL ? "()" : "");
bd0865ec
GS
2014 }
2015}
2016
2017sub pp_ucfirst { dq_unop(@_, "ucfirst") }
2018sub pp_lcfirst { dq_unop(@_, "lcfirst") }
2019sub pp_uc { dq_unop(@_, "uc") }
2020sub pp_lc { dq_unop(@_, "lc") }
3ed82cfc 2021sub pp_quotemeta { maybe_targmy(@_, \&dq_unop, "quotemeta") }
bd0865ec 2022
6e90668e
SM
2023sub loopex {
2024 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2025 my ($op, $cx, $name) = @_;
6e90668e 2026 if (class($op) eq "PVOP") {
41df74e3 2027 $name .= " " . $op->pv;
9d2c6865 2028 } elsif (class($op) eq "OP") {
41df74e3 2029 # no-op
6e90668e 2030 } elsif (class($op) eq "UNOP") {
41df74e3
FC
2031 (my $kid = $self->deparse($op->first, 16)) =~ s/^\cS//;
2032 $name .= " $kid";
6e90668e 2033 }
41df74e3 2034 return $self->maybe_parens($name, $cx, 16);
6e90668e
SM
2035}
2036
2037sub pp_last { loopex(@_, "last") }
2038sub pp_next { loopex(@_, "next") }
2039sub pp_redo { loopex(@_, "redo") }
2040sub pp_goto { loopex(@_, "goto") }
266da325 2041sub pp_dump { loopex(@_, "CORE::dump") }
6e90668e
SM
2042
2043sub ftst {
2044 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2045 my($op, $cx, $name) = @_;
6e90668e 2046 if (class($op) eq "UNOP") {
e38ccfd9 2047 # Genuine '-X' filetests are exempt from the LLAFR, but not
5830412d
FC
2048 # l?stat()
2049 if ($name =~ /^-/) {
2050 (my $kid = $self->deparse($op->first, 16)) =~ s/^\cS//;
2051 return $self->maybe_parens("$name $kid", $cx, 16);
2052 }
9d2c6865 2053 return $self->maybe_parens_unop($name, $op->first, $cx);
d989cdac 2054 } elsif (class($op) =~ /^(SV|PAD)OP$/) {
9d2c6865 2055 return $self->maybe_parens_func($name, $self->pp_gv($op, 1), $cx, 16);
6e90668e 2056 } else { # I don't think baseop filetests ever survive ck_ftst, but...
9d2c6865 2057 return $name;
6e90668e 2058 }
6e90668e
SM
2059}
2060
d989cdac
SM
2061sub pp_lstat { ftst(@_, "lstat") }
2062sub pp_stat { ftst(@_, "stat") }
2063sub pp_ftrread { ftst(@_, "-R") }
6e90668e 2064sub pp_ftrwrite { ftst(@_, "-W") }
d989cdac
SM
2065sub pp_ftrexec { ftst(@_, "-X") }
2066sub pp_fteread { ftst(@_, "-r") }
e31885a0 2067sub pp_ftewrite { ftst(@_, "-w") }
d989cdac
SM
2068sub pp_fteexec { ftst(@_, "-x") }
2069sub pp_ftis { ftst(@_, "-e") }
6e90668e
SM
2070sub pp_fteowned { ftst(@_, "-O") }
2071sub pp_ftrowned { ftst(@_, "-o") }
d989cdac
SM
2072sub pp_ftzero { ftst(@_, "-z") }
2073sub pp_ftsize { ftst(@_, "-s") }
2074sub pp_ftmtime { ftst(@_, "-M") }
2075sub pp_ftatime { ftst(@_, "-A") }
2076sub pp_ftctime { ftst(@_, "-C") }
2077sub pp_ftsock { ftst(@_, "-S") }
2078sub pp_ftchr { ftst(@_, "-c") }
2079sub pp_ftblk { ftst(@_, "-b") }
2080sub pp_ftfile { ftst(@_, "-f") }
2081sub pp_ftdir { ftst(@_, "-d") }
2082sub pp_ftpipe { ftst(@_, "-p") }
2083sub pp_ftlink { ftst(@_, "-l") }
2084sub pp_ftsuid { ftst(@_, "-u") }
2085sub pp_ftsgid { ftst(@_, "-g") }
2086sub pp_ftsvtx { ftst(@_, "-k") }
2087sub pp_fttty { ftst(@_, "-t") }
2088sub pp_fttext { ftst(@_, "-T") }
6e90668e
SM
2089sub pp_ftbinary { ftst(@_, "-B") }
2090
a798dbf2 2091sub SWAP_CHILDREN () { 1 }
6e90668e 2092sub ASSIGN () { 2 } # has OP= variant
7013e6ae 2093sub LIST_CONTEXT () { 4 } # Assignment is in list context
6e90668e 2094
9d2c6865
SM
2095my(%left, %right);
2096
2097sub assoc_class {
2098 my $op = shift;
3f872cb9
GS
2099 my $name = $op->name;
2100 if ($name eq "concat" and $op->first->name eq "concat") {
e38ccfd9 2101 # avoid spurious '=' -- see comment in pp_concat
3f872cb9 2102 return "concat";
9d2c6865 2103 }
3f872cb9
GS
2104 if ($name eq "null" and class($op) eq "UNOP"
2105 and $op->first->name =~ /^(and|x?or)$/
9d2c6865
SM
2106 and null $op->first->sibling)
2107 {
2108 # Like all conditional constructs, OP_ANDs and OP_ORs are topped
2109 # with a null that's used as the common end point of the two
2110 # flows of control. For precedence purposes, ignore it.
2111 # (COND_EXPRs have these too, but we don't bother with
2112 # their associativity).
2113 return assoc_class($op->first);
2114 }
2115 return $name . ($op->flags & OPf_STACKED ? "=" : "");
2116}
2117
e38ccfd9 2118# Left associative operators, like '+', for which
9d2c6865
SM
2119# $a + $b + $c is equivalent to ($a + $b) + $c
2120
2121BEGIN {
3f872cb9
GS
2122 %left = ('multiply' => 19, 'i_multiply' => 19,
2123 'divide' => 19, 'i_divide' => 19,
2124 'modulo' => 19, 'i_modulo' => 19,
2125 'repeat' => 19,
2126 'add' => 18, 'i_add' => 18,
2127 'subtract' => 18, 'i_subtract' => 18,
2128 'concat' => 18,
2129 'left_shift' => 17, 'right_shift' => 17,
2130 'bit_and' => 13,
2131 'bit_or' => 12, 'bit_xor' => 12,
2132 'and' => 3,
2133 'or' => 2, 'xor' => 2,
9d2c6865
SM
2134 );
2135}
2136
2137sub deparse_binop_left {
2138 my $self = shift;
2139 my($op, $left, $prec) = @_;
58231d39 2140 if ($left{assoc_class($op)} && $left{assoc_class($left)}
9d2c6865
SM
2141 and $left{assoc_class($op)} == $left{assoc_class($left)})
2142 {
2143 return $self->deparse($left, $prec - .00001);
2144 } else {
2145 return $self->deparse($left, $prec);
2146 }
2147}
2148
e38ccfd9 2149# Right associative operators, like '=', for which
9d2c6865
SM
2150# $a = $b = $c is equivalent to $a = ($b = $c)
2151
2152BEGIN {
3f872cb9
GS
2153 %right = ('pow' => 22,
2154 'sassign=' => 7, 'aassign=' => 7,
2155 'multiply=' => 7, 'i_multiply=' => 7,
2156 'divide=' => 7, 'i_divide=' => 7,
2157 'modulo=' => 7, 'i_modulo=' => 7,
2158 'repeat=' => 7,
2159 'add=' => 7, 'i_add=' => 7,
2160 'subtract=' => 7, 'i_subtract=' => 7,
2161 'concat=' => 7,
2162 'left_shift=' => 7, 'right_shift=' => 7,
2163 'bit_and=' => 7,
2164 'bit_or=' => 7, 'bit_xor=' => 7,
2165 'andassign' => 7,
2166 'orassign' => 7,
9d2c6865
SM
2167 );
2168}
2169
2170sub deparse_binop_right {
2171 my $self = shift;
2172 my($op, $right, $prec) = @_;
58231d39 2173 if ($right{assoc_class($op)} && $right{assoc_class($right)}
9d2c6865
SM
2174 and $right{assoc_class($op)} == $right{assoc_class($right)})
2175 {
2176 return $self->deparse($right, $prec - .00001);
2177 } else {
2178 return $self->deparse($right, $prec);
2179 }
2180}
2181
a798dbf2 2182sub binop {
6e90668e 2183 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2184 my ($op, $cx, $opname, $prec, $flags) = (@_, 0);
a798dbf2
MB
2185 my $left = $op->first;
2186 my $right = $op->last;
9d2c6865
SM
2187 my $eq = "";
2188 if ($op->flags & OPf_STACKED && $flags & ASSIGN) {
2189 $eq = "=";
2190 $prec = 7;
2191 }
a798dbf2
MB
2192 if ($flags & SWAP_CHILDREN) {
2193 ($left, $right) = ($right, $left);
2194 }
9d2c6865 2195 $left = $self->deparse_binop_left($op, $left, $prec);
90c0eb26
RH
2196 $left = "($left)" if $flags & LIST_CONTEXT
2197 && $left !~ /^(my|our|local|)[\@\(]/;
9d2c6865
SM
2198 $right = $self->deparse_binop_right($op, $right, $prec);
2199 return $self->maybe_parens("$left $opname$eq $right", $cx, $prec);
2200}
2201
3ed82cfc
GS
2202sub pp_add { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "+", 18, ASSIGN) }
2203sub pp_multiply { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "*", 19, ASSIGN) }
2204sub pp_subtract { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "-",18, ASSIGN) }
2205sub pp_divide { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "/", 19, ASSIGN) }
2206sub pp_modulo { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "%", 19, ASSIGN) }
2207sub pp_i_add { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "+", 18, ASSIGN) }
2208sub pp_i_multiply { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "*", 19, ASSIGN) }
2209sub pp_i_subtract { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "-", 18, ASSIGN) }
2210sub pp_i_divide { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "/", 19, ASSIGN) }
2211sub pp_i_modulo { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "%", 19, ASSIGN) }
2212sub pp_pow { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "**", 22, ASSIGN) }
2213
2214sub pp_left_shift { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "<<", 17, ASSIGN) }
2215sub pp_right_shift { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, ">>", 17, ASSIGN) }
2216sub pp_bit_and { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "&", 13, ASSIGN) }
2217sub pp_bit_or { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "|", 12, ASSIGN) }
2218sub pp_bit_xor { maybe_targmy(@_, \&binop, "^", 12, ASSIGN) }
9d2c6865
SM
2219
2220sub pp_eq { binop(@_, "==", 14) }
2221sub pp_ne { binop(@_, "!=", 14) }
2222sub pp_lt { binop(@_, "<", 15) }
2223sub pp_gt { binop(@_, ">", 15) }
2224sub pp_ge { binop(@_, ">=", 15) }
2225sub pp_le { binop(@_, "<=", 15) }
2226sub pp_ncmp { binop(@_, "<=>", 14) }
2227sub pp_i_eq { binop(@_, "==", 14) }
2228sub pp_i_ne { binop(@_, "!=", 14) }
2229sub pp_i_lt { binop(@_, "<", 15) }
2230sub pp_i_gt { binop(@_, ">", 15) }
2231sub pp_i_ge { binop(@_, ">=", 15) }
2232sub pp_i_le { binop(@_, "<=", 15) }
2233sub pp_i_ncmp { binop(@_, "<=>", 14) }
2234
2235sub pp_seq { binop(@_, "eq", 14) }
2236sub pp_sne { binop(@_, "ne", 14) }
2237sub pp_slt { binop(@_, "lt", 15) }
2238sub pp_sgt { binop(@_, "gt", 15) }
2239sub pp_sge { binop(@_, "ge", 15) }
2240sub pp_sle { binop(@_, "le", 15) }
2241sub pp_scmp { binop(@_, "cmp", 14) }
2242
2243sub pp_sassign { binop(@_, "=", 7, SWAP_CHILDREN) }
7013e6ae 2244sub pp_aassign { binop(@_, "=", 7, SWAP_CHILDREN | LIST_CONTEXT) }
6e90668e 2245
0d863452
RH
2246sub pp_smartmatch {
2247 my ($self, $op, $cx) = @_;
2248 if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
9210de83 2249 return $self->deparse($op->last, $cx);
0d863452
RH
2250 }
2251 else {
2252 binop(@_, "~~", 14);
2253 }
2254}
2255
e38ccfd9 2256# '.' is special because concats-of-concats are optimized to save copying
6e90668e 2257# by making all but the first concat stacked. The effect is as if the
e38ccfd9 2258# programmer had written '($a . $b) .= $c', except legal.
3ed82cfc
GS
2259sub pp_concat { maybe_targmy(@_, \&real_concat) }
2260sub real_concat {
6e90668e 2261 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2262 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2263 my $left = $op->first;
2264 my $right = $op->last;
2265 my $eq = "";
9d2c6865 2266 my $prec = 18;
3f872cb9 2267 if ($op->flags & OPf_STACKED and $op->first->name ne "concat") {
6e90668e 2268 $eq = "=";
9d2c6865 2269 $prec = 7;
6e90668e 2270 }
9d2c6865
SM
2271 $left = $self->deparse_binop_left($op, $left, $prec);
2272 $right = $self->deparse_binop_right($op, $right, $prec);
2273 return $self->maybe_parens("$left .$eq $right", $cx, $prec);
6e90668e
SM
2274}
2275
e38ccfd9 2276# 'x' is weird when the left arg is a list
6e90668e
SM
2277sub pp_repeat {
2278 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2279 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2280 my $left = $op->first;
2281 my $right = $op->last;
9d2c6865
SM
2282 my $eq = "";
2283 my $prec = 19;
2284 if ($op->flags & OPf_STACKED) {
2285 $eq = "=";
2286 $prec = 7;
2287 }
6e90668e
SM
2288 if (null($right)) { # list repeat; count is inside left-side ex-list
2289 my $kid = $left->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
2290 my @exprs;
2291 for (; !null($kid->sibling); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
9d2c6865 2292 push @exprs, $self->deparse($kid, 6);
6e90668e
SM
2293 }
2294 $right = $kid;
2295 $left = "(" . join(", ", @exprs). ")";
2296 } else {
9d2c6865 2297 $left = $self->deparse_binop_left($op, $left, $prec);
6e90668e 2298 }
9d2c6865
SM
2299 $right = $self->deparse_binop_right($op, $right, $prec);
2300 return $self->maybe_parens("$left x$eq $right", $cx, $prec);
6e90668e
SM
2301}
2302
2303sub range {
2304 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2305 my ($op, $cx, $type) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2306 my $left = $op->first;
2307 my $right = $left->sibling;
9d2c6865
SM
2308 $left = $self->deparse($left, 9);
2309 $right = $self->deparse($right, 9);
2310 return $self->maybe_parens("$left $type $right", $cx, 9);
6e90668e
SM
2311}
2312
2313sub pp_flop {
2314 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2315 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2316 my $flip = $op->first;
2317 my $type = ($flip->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) ? "..." : "..";
9d2c6865 2318 return $self->range($flip->first, $cx, $type);
6e90668e
SM
2319}
2320
2321# one-line while/until is handled in pp_leave
2322
2323sub logop {
2324 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2325 my ($op, $cx, $lowop, $lowprec, $highop, $highprec, $blockname) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2326 my $left = $op->first;
2327 my $right = $op->first->sibling;
d989cdac 2328 if ($cx < 1 and is_scope($right) and $blockname
58cccf98
SM
2329 and $self->{'expand'} < 7)
2330 { # if ($a) {$b}
9d2c6865
SM
2331 $left = $self->deparse($left, 1);
2332 $right = $self->deparse($right, 0);
2333 return "$blockname ($left) {\n\t$right\n\b}\cK";
d989cdac 2334 } elsif ($cx < 1 and $blockname and not $self->{'parens'}
58cccf98 2335 and $self->{'expand'} < 7) { # $b if $a
9d2c6865
SM
2336 $right = $self->deparse($right, 1);
2337 $left = $self->deparse($left, 1);
2338 return "$right $blockname $left";
2339 } elsif ($cx > $lowprec and $highop) { # $a && $b
2340 $left = $self->deparse_binop_left($op, $left, $highprec);
2341 $right = $self->deparse_binop_right($op, $right, $highprec);
2342 return $self->maybe_parens("$left $highop $right", $cx, $highprec);
2343 } else { # $a and $b
2344 $left = $self->deparse_binop_left($op, $left, $lowprec);
2345 $right = $self->deparse_binop_right($op, $right, $lowprec);
d989cdac 2346 return $self->maybe_parens("$left $lowop $right", $cx, $lowprec);
9d2c6865
SM
2347 }
2348}
2349
2350sub pp_and { logop(@_, "and", 3, "&&", 11, "if") }
f4a44678 2351sub pp_or { logop(@_, "or", 2, "||", 10, "unless") }
5b99f273 2352sub pp_dor { logop(@_, "//", 10) }
3ed82cfc
GS
2353
2354# xor is syntactically a logop, but it's really a binop (contrary to
2355# old versions of opcode.pl). Syntax is what matters here.
9d2c6865 2356sub pp_xor { logop(@_, "xor", 2, "", 0, "") }
6e90668e
SM
2357
2358sub logassignop {
2359 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2360 my ($op, $cx, $opname) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2361 my $left = $op->first;
2362 my $right = $op->first->sibling->first; # skip sassign
9d2c6865
SM
2363 $left = $self->deparse($left, 7);
2364 $right = $self->deparse($right, 7);
2365 return $self->maybe_parens("$left $opname $right", $cx, 7);
a798dbf2
MB
2366}
2367
6e90668e 2368sub pp_andassign { logassignop(@_, "&&=") }
c963b151
BD
2369sub pp_orassign { logassignop(@_, "||=") }
2370sub pp_dorassign { logassignop(@_, "//=") }
6e90668e
SM
2371
2372sub listop {
2373 my $self = shift;
9c56d9ea 2374 my($op, $cx, $name, $kid, $nollafr) = @_;
9d2c6865
SM
2375 my(@exprs);
2376 my $parens = ($cx >= 5) || $self->{'parens'};
24fcb59f 2377 $kid ||= $op->first->sibling;
4d8ac5c7
FC
2378 # If there are no arguments, add final parentheses (or parenthesize the
2379 # whole thing if the llafr does not apply) to account for cases like
2380 # (return)+1 or setpgrp()+1. When the llafr does not apply, we use a
2381 # precedence of 6 (< comma), as "return, 1" does not need parentheses.
2382 if (null $kid) {
2383 return $nollafr
2384 ? $self->maybe_parens($self->keyword($name), $cx, 7)
2385 : $self->keyword($name) . '()' x (7 < $cx);
2386 }
e31885a0 2387 my $first;
fb725297 2388 $name = "socketpair" if $name eq "sockpair";
4a1ac32e 2389 my $fullname = $self->keyword($name);
b72c97e8
RGS
2390 my $proto = prototype("CORE::$name");
2391 if (defined $proto
2392 && $proto =~ /^;?\*/
2462c3cc 2393 && $kid->name eq "rv2gv" && !($kid->private & OPpLVAL_INTRO)) {
e31885a0
RH
2394 $first = $self->deparse($kid->first, 6);
2395 }
2396 else {
2397 $first = $self->deparse($kid, 6);
2398 }
e99ebc55 2399 if ($name eq "chmod" && $first =~ /^\d+$/) {
a0035eb8 2400 $first = sprintf("%#o", $first);
e99ebc55 2401 }
9c56d9ea
FC
2402 $first = "+$first"
2403 if not $parens and not $nollafr and substr($first, 0, 1) eq "(";
9d2c6865
SM
2404 push @exprs, $first;
2405 $kid = $kid->sibling;
564cd6cb
FC
2406 if (defined $proto && $proto =~ /^\*\*/ && $kid->name eq "rv2gv"
2407 && !($kid->private & OPpLVAL_INTRO)) {
b72c97e8
RGS
2408 push @exprs, $self->deparse($kid->first, 6);
2409 $kid = $kid->sibling;
2410 }
9d2c6865
SM
2411 for (; !null($kid); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
2412 push @exprs, $self->deparse($kid, 6);
2413 }
689e417f 2414 if ($name eq "reverse" && ($op->private & OPpREVERSE_INPLACE)) {
4a1ac32e
FC
2415 return "$exprs[0] = $fullname"
2416 . ($parens ? "($exprs[0])" : " $exprs[0]");
689e417f 2417 }
9c56d9ea
FC
2418 if ($parens && $nollafr) {
2419 return "($fullname " . join(", ", @exprs) . ")";
2420 } elsif ($parens) {
4a1ac32e 2421 return "$fullname(" . join(", ", @exprs) . ")";
9d2c6865 2422 } else {
4a1ac32e 2423 return "$fullname " . join(", ", @exprs);
6e90668e 2424 }
6e90668e 2425}
a798dbf2 2426
6e90668e 2427sub pp_bless { listop(@_, "bless") }
3ed82cfc 2428sub pp_atan2 { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "atan2") }
24fcb59f
FC
2429sub pp_substr {
2430 my ($self,$op,$cx) = @_;
2431 if ($op->private & OPpSUBSTR_REPL_FIRST) {
2432 return
2433 listop($self, $op, 7, "substr", $op->first->sibling->sibling)
2434 . " = "
2435 . $self->deparse($op->first->sibling, 7);
2436 }
2437 maybe_local(@_, listop(@_, "substr"))
2438}
6e90668e 2439sub pp_vec { maybe_local(@_, listop(@_, "vec")) }
3ed82cfc
GS
2440sub pp_index { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "index") }
2441sub pp_rindex { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "rindex") }
2442sub pp_sprintf { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "sprintf") }
6e90668e 2443sub pp_formline { listop(@_, "formline") } # see also deparse_format
3ed82cfc 2444sub pp_crypt { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "crypt") }
6e90668e
SM
2445sub pp_unpack { listop(@_, "unpack") }
2446sub pp_pack { listop(@_, "pack") }
3ed82cfc 2447sub pp_join { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "join") }
6e90668e 2448sub pp_splice { listop(@_, "splice") }
3ed82cfc
GS
2449sub pp_push { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "push") }
2450sub pp_unshift { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "unshift") }
6e90668e
SM
2451sub pp_reverse { listop(@_, "reverse") }
2452sub pp_warn { listop(@_, "warn") }
2453sub pp_die { listop(@_, "die") }
9c56d9ea 2454sub pp_return { listop(@_, "return", undef, 1) } # llafr does not apply
6e90668e
SM
2455sub pp_open { listop(@_, "open") }
2456sub pp_pipe_op { listop(@_, "pipe") }
2457sub pp_tie { listop(@_, "tie") }
82bafd27 2458sub pp_binmode { listop(@_, "binmode") }
6e90668e
SM
2459sub pp_dbmopen { listop(@_, "dbmopen") }
2460sub pp_sselect { listop(@_, "select") }
2461sub pp_select { listop(@_, "select") }
2462sub pp_read { listop(@_, "read") }
2463sub pp_sysopen { listop(@_, "sysopen") }
2464sub pp_sysseek { listop(@_, "sysseek") }
2465sub pp_sysread { listop(@_, "sysread") }
2466sub pp_syswrite { listop(@_, "syswrite") }
2467sub pp_send { listop(@_, "send") }
2468sub pp_recv { listop(@_, "recv") }
2469sub pp_seek { listop(@_, "seek") }
6e90668e
SM
2470sub pp_fcntl { listop(@_, "fcntl") }
2471sub pp_ioctl { listop(@_, "ioctl") }
3ed82cfc 2472sub pp_flock { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "flock") }
6e90668e
SM
2473sub pp_socket { listop(@_, "socket") }
2474sub pp_sockpair { listop(@_, "sockpair") }
2475sub pp_bind { listop(@_, "bind") }
2476sub pp_connect { listop(@_, "connect") }
2477sub pp_listen { listop(@_, "listen") }
2478sub pp_accept { listop(@_, "accept") }
2479sub pp_shutdown { listop(@_, "shutdown") }
2480sub pp_gsockopt { listop(@_, "getsockopt") }
2481sub pp_ssockopt { listop(@_, "setsockopt") }
3ed82cfc
GS
2482sub pp_chown { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "chown") }
2483sub pp_unlink { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "unlink") }
2484sub pp_chmod { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "chmod") }
2485sub pp_utime { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "utime") }
2486sub pp_rename { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "rename") }
2487sub pp_link { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "link") }
2488sub pp_symlink { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "symlink") }
2489sub pp_mkdir { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "mkdir") }
6e90668e
SM
2490sub pp_open_dir { listop(@_, "opendir") }
2491sub pp_seekdir { listop(@_, "seekdir") }
3ed82cfc
GS
2492sub pp_waitpid { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "waitpid") }
2493sub pp_system { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "system") }
2494sub pp_exec { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "exec") }
2495sub pp_kill { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "kill") }
2496sub pp_setpgrp { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "setpgrp") }
2497sub pp_getpriority { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "getpriority") }
2498sub pp_setpriority { maybe_targmy(@_, \&listop, "setpriority") }
6e90668e
SM
2499sub pp_shmget { listop(@_, "shmget") }
2500sub pp_shmctl { listop(@_, "shmctl") }
2501sub pp_shmread { listop(@_, "shmread") }
2502sub pp_shmwrite { listop(@_, "shmwrite") }
2503sub pp_msgget { listop(@_, "msgget") }
2504sub pp_msgctl { listop(@_, "msgctl") }
2505sub pp_msgsnd { listop(@_, "msgsnd") }
2506sub pp_msgrcv { listop(@_, "msgrcv") }
2507sub pp_semget { listop(@_, "semget") }
2508sub pp_semctl { listop(@_, "semctl") }
2509sub pp_semop { listop(@_, "semop") }
2510sub pp_ghbyaddr { listop(@_, "gethostbyaddr") }
2511sub pp_gnbyaddr { listop(@_, "getnetbyaddr") }
2512sub pp_gpbynumber { listop(@_, "getprotobynumber") }
2513sub pp_gsbyname { listop(@_, "getservbyname") }
2514sub pp_gsbyport { listop(@_, "getservbyport") }
2515sub pp_syscall { listop(@_, "syscall") }
2516
2517sub pp_glob {
2518 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2519 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e 2520 my $text = $self->dq($op->first->sibling); # skip pushmark
a32fbbd8
FC
2521 my $keyword =
2522 $op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL ? 'glob' : $self->keyword('glob');
6e90668e 2523 if ($text =~ /^\$?(\w|::|\`)+$/ # could look like a readline
a32fbbd8
FC
2524 or $keyword =~ /^CORE::/
2525 or $text =~ /[<>]/) {
2526 return "$keyword(" . single_delim('qq', '"', $text) . ')';
6e90668e
SM
2527 } else {
2528 return '<' . $text . '>';
2529 }
2530}
2531
f5aa8f4e
SM
2532# Truncate is special because OPf_SPECIAL makes a bareword first arg
2533# be a filehandle. This could probably be better fixed in the core
2534# by moving the GV lookup into ck_truc.
2535
2536sub pp_truncate {
2537 my $self = shift;
2538 my($op, $cx) = @_;
2539 my(@exprs);
2540 my $parens = ($cx >= 5) || $self->{'parens'};
2541 my $kid = $op->first->sibling;
acba1d67 2542 my $fh;
f5aa8f4e
SM
2543 if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) {
2544 # $kid is an OP_CONST
18228111 2545 $fh = $self->const_sv($kid)->PV;
f5aa8f4e
SM
2546 } else {
2547 $fh = $self->deparse($kid, 6);
2548 $fh = "+$fh" if not $parens and substr($fh, 0, 1) eq "(";
2549 }
2550 my $len = $self->deparse($kid->sibling, 6);
4a1ac32e 2551 my $name = $self->keyword('truncate');
f5aa8f4e 2552 if ($parens) {
4a1ac32e 2553 return "$name($fh, $len)";
f5aa8f4e 2554 } else {
4a1ac32e 2555 return "$name $fh, $len";
f5aa8f4e 2556 }
f5aa8f4e
SM
2557}
2558
6e90668e
SM
2559sub indirop {
2560 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2561 my($op, $cx, $name) = @_;
6e90668e 2562 my($expr, @exprs);
521795fe 2563 my $firstkid = my $kid = $op->first->sibling;
6e90668e
SM
2564 my $indir = "";
2565 if ($op->flags & OPf_STACKED) {
2566 $indir = $kid;
2567 $indir = $indir->first; # skip rv2gv
2568 if (is_scope($indir)) {
9d2c6865 2569 $indir = "{" . $self->deparse($indir, 0) . "}";
d989cdac 2570 $indir = "{;}" if $indir eq "{}";
c73811ab
RH
2571 } elsif ($indir->name eq "const" && $indir->private & OPpCONST_BARE) {
2572 $indir = $self->const_sv($indir)->PV;
6e90668e 2573 } else {
9d2c6865 2574 $indir = $self->deparse($indir, 24);
6e90668e
SM
2575 }
2576 $indir = $indir . " ";
2577 $kid = $kid->sibling;
2578 }
7e80da18 2579 if ($name eq "sort" && $op->private & (OPpSORT_NUMERIC | OPpSORT_INTEGER)) {
3ac6e0f9 2580 $indir = ($op->private & OPpSORT_DESCEND) ? '{$b <=> $a} '
7e80da18
RH
2581 : '{$a <=> $b} ';
2582 }
3ac6e0f9 2583 elsif ($name eq "sort" && $op->private & OPpSORT_DESCEND) {
7e80da18
RH
2584 $indir = '{$b cmp $a} ';
2585 }
6e90668e 2586 for (; !null($kid); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
521795fe 2587 $expr = $self->deparse($kid, !$indir && $kid == $firstkid && $name eq "sort" && $firstkid->name eq "entersub" ? 16 : 6);
6e90668e
SM
2588 push @exprs, $expr;
2589 }
4a1ac32e 2590 my $name2;
3ac6e0f9 2591 if ($name eq "sort" && $op->private & OPpSORT_REVERSE) {
4a1ac32e 2592 $name2 = $self->keyword('reverse') . ' ' . $self->keyword('sort');
3ac6e0f9 2593 }
4a1ac32e 2594 else { $name2 = $self->keyword($name) }
2b6e98cb 2595 if ($name eq "sort" && ($op->private & OPpSORT_INPLACE)) {
3ac6e0f9 2596 return "$exprs[0] = $name2 $indir $exprs[0]";
2b6e98cb
DM
2597 }
2598
d989cdac 2599 my $args = $indir . join(", ", @exprs);
521795fe 2600 if ($indir ne "" && $name eq "sort") {
d989cdac
SM
2601 # We don't want to say "sort(f 1, 2, 3)", since perl -w will
2602 # give bareword warnings in that case. Therefore if context
2603 # requires, we'll put parens around the outside "(sort f 1, 2,
2604 # 3)". Unfortunately, we'll currently think the parens are
3c4b39be 2605 # necessary more often that they really are, because we don't
d989cdac
SM
2606 # distinguish which side of an assignment we're on.
2607 if ($cx >= 5) {
3ac6e0f9 2608 return "($name2 $args)";
d989cdac 2609 } else {
3ac6e0f9 2610 return "$name2 $args";
d989cdac 2611 }
521795fe
FC
2612 } elsif (
2613 !$indir && $name eq "sort"
2614 && $op->first->sibling->name eq 'entersub'
2615 ) {
2616 # We cannot say sort foo(bar), as foo will be interpreted as a
2617 # comparison routine. We have to say sort(...) in that case.
2618 return "$name2($args)";
d989cdac 2619 } else {
3ac6e0f9 2620 return $self->maybe_parens_func($name2, $args, $cx, 5);
d989cdac
SM
2621 }
2622
6e90668e
SM
2623}
2624
2625sub pp_prtf { indirop(@_, "printf") }
2626sub pp_print { indirop(@_, "print") }
9b08e3d3 2627sub pp_say { indirop(@_, "say") }
6e90668e
SM
2628sub pp_sort { indirop(@_, "sort") }
2629
2630sub mapop {
2631 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2632 my($op, $cx, $name) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2633 my($expr, @exprs);
2634 my $kid = $op->first; # this is the (map|grep)start
2635 $kid = $kid->first->sibling; # skip a pushmark
2636 my $code = $kid->first; # skip a null
2637 if (is_scope $code) {
f4a44678 2638 $code = "{" . $self->deparse($code, 0) . "} ";
6e90668e 2639 } else {
9d2c6865 2640 $code = $self->deparse($code, 24) . ", ";
6e90668e
SM
2641 }
2642 $kid = $kid->sibling;
2643 for (; !null($kid); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
9d2c6865 2644 $expr = $self->deparse($kid, 6);
9a58b761 2645 push @exprs, $expr if defined $expr;
6e90668e 2646 }
9d2c6865 2647 return $self->maybe_parens_func($name, $code . join(", ", @exprs), $cx, 5);
6e90668e
SM
2648}
2649
d989cdac
SM
2650sub pp_mapwhile { mapop(@_, "map") }
2651sub pp_grepwhile { mapop(@_, "grep") }
11e09183
SP
2652sub pp_mapstart { baseop(@_, "map") }
2653sub pp_grepstart { baseop(@_, "grep") }
6e90668e
SM
2654
2655sub pp_list {
2656 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2657 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2658 my($expr, @exprs);
2659 my $kid = $op->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
958ed56b 2660 return '' if class($kid) eq 'NULL';
6e90668e 2661 my $lop;
3462b4ac 2662 my $local = "either"; # could be local(...), my(...), state(...) or our(...)
6e90668e
SM
2663 for ($lop = $kid; !null($lop); $lop = $lop->sibling) {
2664 # This assumes that no other private flags equal 128, and that
2665 # OPs that store things other than flags in their op_private,
2666 # like OP_AELEMFAST, won't be immediate children of a list.
b8e103fc
RH
2667 #
2668 # OP_ENTERSUB can break this logic, so check for it.
2669 # I suspect that open and exit can too.
2670
2671 if (!($lop->private & (OPpLVAL_INTRO|OPpOUR_INTRO)
ce4e655d 2672 or $lop->name eq "undef")
b8e103fc
RH
2673 or $lop->name eq "entersub"
2674 or $lop->name eq "exit"
2675 or $lop->name eq "open")
6e90668e
SM
2676 {
2677 $local = ""; # or not
2678 last;
2679 }
3462b4ac
RGS
2680 if ($lop->name =~ /^pad[ash]v$/) {
2681 if ($lop->private & OPpPAD_STATE) { # state()
2682 ($local = "", last) if $local =~ /^(?:local|our|my)$/;
2683 $local = "state";
2684 } else { # my()
2685 ($local = "", last) if $local =~ /^(?:local|our|state)$/;
2686 $local = "my";
2687 }
b8e103fc
RH
2688 } elsif ($lop->name =~ /^(gv|rv2)[ash]v$/
2689 && $lop->private & OPpOUR_INTRO
2690 or $lop->name eq "null" && $lop->first->name eq "gvsv"
2691 && $lop->first->private & OPpOUR_INTRO) { # our()
3462b4ac 2692 ($local = "", last) if $local =~ /^(?:my|local|state)$/;
ce4e655d 2693 $local = "our";
3ac6e0f9
RGS
2694 } elsif ($lop->name ne "undef"
2695 # specifically avoid the "reverse sort" optimisation,
2696 # where "reverse" is nullified
36d57d93 2697 && !($lop->name eq 'sort' && ($lop->flags & OPpSORT_REVERSE)))
3ac6e0f9
RGS
2698 {
2699 # local()
3462b4ac 2700 ($local = "", last) if $local =~ /^(?:my|our|state)$/;
6e90668e
SM
2701 $local = "local";
2702 }
2703 }
2704 $local = "" if $local eq "either"; # no point if it's all undefs
f5aa8f4e 2705 return $self->deparse($kid, $cx) if null $kid->sibling and not $local;
6e90668e
SM
2706 for (; !null($kid); $kid = $kid->sibling) {
2707 if ($local) {
3f872cb9 2708 if (class($kid) eq "UNOP" and $kid->first->name eq "gvsv") {
6e90668e
SM
2709 $lop = $kid->first;
2710 } else {
2711 $lop = $kid;
2712 }
2713 $self->{'avoid_local'}{$$lop}++;
9d2c6865 2714 $expr = $self->deparse($kid, 6);
6e90668e
SM
2715 delete $self->{'avoid_local'}{$$lop};
2716 } else {
9d2c6865 2717 $expr = $self->deparse($kid, 6);
6e90668e
SM
2718 }
2719 push @exprs, $expr;
2720 }
9d2c6865
SM
2721 if ($local) {
2722 return "$local(" . join(", ", @exprs) . ")";
2723 } else {
2724 return $self->maybe_parens( join(", ", @exprs), $cx, 6);
2725 }
6e90668e
SM
2726}
2727
6f611a1a
GS
2728sub is_ifelse_cont {
2729 my $op = shift;
2730 return ($op->name eq "null" and class($op) eq "UNOP"
2731 and $op->first->name =~ /^(and|cond_expr)$/
2732 and is_scope($op->first->first->sibling));
2733}
2734
6e90668e
SM
2735sub pp_cond_expr {
2736 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2737 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2738 my $cond = $op->first;
2739 my $true = $cond->sibling;
2740 my $false = $true->sibling;
9d2c6865 2741 my $cuddle = $self->{'cuddle'};
d989cdac 2742 unless ($cx < 1 and (is_scope($true) and $true->name ne "null") and
58cccf98
SM
2743 (is_scope($false) || is_ifelse_cont($false))
2744 and $self->{'expand'} < 7) {
f5aa8f4e 2745 $cond = $self->deparse($cond, 8);
cfaba469 2746 $true = $self->deparse($true, 6);
9d2c6865
SM
2747 $false = $self->deparse($false, 8);
2748 return $self->maybe_parens("$cond ? $true : $false", $cx, 8);
6f611a1a
GS
2749 }
2750
f5aa8f4e 2751 $cond = $self->deparse($cond, 1);
d989cdac 2752 $true = $self->deparse($true, 0);
6f611a1a
GS
2753 my $head = "if ($cond) {\n\t$true\n\b}";
2754 my @elsifs;
2755 while (!null($false) and is_ifelse_cont($false)) {
2756 my $newop = $false->first;
2757 my $newcond = $newop->first;
2758 my $newtrue = $newcond->sibling;
2759 $false = $newtrue->sibling; # last in chain is OP_AND => no else
7ecdd211
PJ
2760 if ($newcond->name eq "lineseq")
2761 {
2762 # lineseq to ensure correct line numbers in elsif()
2763 # Bug #37302 fixed by change #33710.
2764 $newcond = $newcond->first->sibling;
2765 }
6f611a1a
GS
2766 $newcond = $self->deparse($newcond, 1);
2767 $newtrue = $self->deparse($newtrue, 0);
2768 push @elsifs, "elsif ($newcond) {\n\t$newtrue\n\b}";
2769 }
d989cdac 2770 if (!null($false)) {
6f611a1a
GS
2771 $false = $cuddle . "else {\n\t" .
2772 $self->deparse($false, 0) . "\n\b}\cK";
2773 } else {
2774 $false = "\cK";
6e90668e 2775 }
d989cdac 2776 return $head . join($cuddle, "", @elsifs) . $false;
6e90668e
SM
2777}
2778
95562366
NC
2779sub pp_once {
2780 my ($self, $op, $cx) = @_;
2781 my $cond = $op->first;
2782 my $true = $cond->sibling;
2783
2784 return $self->deparse($true, $cx);
2785}
2786
58cccf98 2787sub loop_common {
6e90668e 2788 my $self = shift;
58cccf98 2789 my($op, $cx, $init) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
2790 my $enter = $op->first;
2791 my $kid = $enter->sibling;
0ced6c29
RGS
2792 local(@$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'})
2793 = @$self{qw'curstash warnings hints hinthash'};
6e90668e 2794 my $head = "";
9d2c6865 2795 my $bare = 0;
58cccf98
SM
2796 my $body;
2797 my $cond = undef;
d989cdac 2798 if ($kid->name eq "lineseq") { # bare or infinite loop
241416b8 2799 if ($kid->last->name eq "unstack") { # infinite
e99ebc55 2800 $head = "while (1) "; # Can't use for(;;) if there's a continue
58cccf98 2801 $cond = "";
9d2c6865
SM
2802 } else {
2803 $bare = 1;
6e90668e 2804 }
58cccf98 2805 $body = $kid;
3f872cb9 2806 } elsif ($enter->name eq "enteriter") { # foreach
6e90668e
SM
2807 my $ary = $enter->first->sibling; # first was pushmark
2808 my $var = $ary->sibling;
36d57d93
RGS
2809 if ($ary->name eq 'null' and $enter->private & OPpITER_REVERSED) {
2810 # "reverse" was optimised away
aae53c41 2811 $ary = listop($self, $ary->first->sibling, 1, 'reverse');
36d57d93 2812 } elsif ($enter->flags & OPf_STACKED
f5aa8f4e
SM
2813 and not null $ary->first->sibling->sibling)
2814 {
d7f5b6da
SM
2815 $ary = $self->deparse($ary->first->sibling, 9) . " .. " .
2816 $self->deparse($ary->first->sibling->sibling, 9);
d8d95777
GA
2817 } else {
2818 $ary = $self->deparse($ary, 1);
2819 }
6e90668e 2820 if (null $var) {
823eff14
NC
2821 if (($enter->flags & OPf_SPECIAL) && ($] < 5.009)) {
2822 # thread special var, under 5005threads
9d2c6865 2823 $var = $self->pp_threadsv($enter, 1);
f6f9bdb7 2824 } else { # regular my() variable
9d2c6865 2825 $var = $self->pp_padsv($enter, 1);
6e90668e 2826 }
3f872cb9 2827 } elsif ($var->name eq "rv2gv") {
9d2c6865 2828 $var = $self->pp_rv2sv($var, 1);
241416b8
DM
2829 if ($enter->private & OPpOUR_INTRO) {
2830 # our declarations don't have package names
2831 $var =~ s/^(.).*::/$1/;
2832 $var = "our $var";
2833 }
3f872cb9 2834 } elsif ($var->name eq "gv") {
9d2c6865 2835 $var = "\$" . $self->deparse($var, 1);
6e90668e 2836 }
58cccf98 2837 $body = $kid->first->first->sibling; # skip OP_AND and OP_ITER
cf24a840
SM
2838 if (!is_state $body->first and $body->first->name ne "stub") {
2839 confess unless $var eq '$_';
2840 $body = $body->first;
2841 return $self->deparse($body, 2) . " foreach ($ary)";
2842 }
2843 $head = "foreach $var ($ary) ";
3f872cb9 2844 } elsif ($kid->name eq "null") { # while/until
6e90668e 2845 $kid = $kid->first;
58cccf98
SM
2846 my $name = {"and" => "while", "or" => "until"}->{$kid->name};
2847 $cond = $self->deparse($kid->first, 1);
2848 $head = "$name ($cond) ";
2849 $body = $kid->first->sibling;
3f872cb9 2850 } elsif ($kid->name eq "stub") { # bare and empty
9d2c6865 2851 return "{;}"; # {} could be a hashref
6e90668e 2852 }
58cccf98 2853 # If there isn't a continue block, then the next pointer for the loop
241416b8 2854 # will point to the unstack, which is kid's last child, except
58cccf98 2855 # in a bare loop, when it will point to the leaveloop. When neither of
241416b8 2856 # these conditions hold, then the second-to-last child is the continue
58cccf98
SM
2857 # block (or the last in a bare loop).
2858 my $cont_start = $enter->nextop;
2859 my $cont;
241416b8 2860 if ($$cont_start != $$op && ${$cont_start} != ${$body->last}) {
58cccf98
SM
2861 if ($bare) {
2862 $cont = $body->last;
2863 } else {
2864 $cont = $body->first;
241416b8 2865 while (!null($cont->sibling->sibling)) {
58cccf98
SM
2866 $cont = $cont->sibling;
2867 }
2868 }
2869 my $state = $body->first;
2870 my $cuddle = $self->{'cuddle'};
2871 my @states;
2872 for (; $$state != $$cont; $state = $state->sibling) {
2873 push @states, $state;
2874 }
ce4e655d 2875 $body = $self->lineseq(undef, @states);
58cccf98
SM
2876 if (defined $cond and not is_scope $cont and $self->{'expand'} < 3) {
2877 $head = "for ($init; $cond; " . $self->deparse($cont, 1) .") ";
2878 $cont = "\cK";
2879 } else {
2880 $cont = $cuddle . "continue {\n\t" .
2881 $self->deparse($cont, 0) . "\n\b}\cK";
6e90668e 2882 }
6e90668e 2883 } else {
7a9b44b9 2884 return "" if !defined $body;
c73811ab
RH
2885 if (length $init) {
2886 $head = "for ($init; $cond;) ";
2887 }
9d2c6865 2888 $cont = "\cK";
58cccf98 2889 $body = $self->deparse($body, 0);
6e90668e 2890 }
ce4e655d 2891 $body =~ s/;?$/;\n/;
34a48b4b
RH
2892
2893 return $head . "{\n\t" . $body . "\b}" . $cont;
58cccf98
SM
2894}
2895
09d856fb 2896sub pp_leaveloop { shift->loop_common(@_, "") }
58cccf98
SM
2897
2898sub for_loop {
2899 my $self = shift;
2900 my($op, $cx) = @_;
2901 my $init = $self->deparse($op, 1);
eae48c89
Z
2902 my $s = $op->sibling;
2903 my $ll = $s->name eq "unstack" ? $s->sibling : $s->first->sibling;
2904 return $self->loop_common($ll, $cx, $init);
6e90668e
SM
2905}
2906
2907sub pp_leavetry {
2908 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 2909 return "eval {\n\t" . $self->pp_leave(@_) . "\n\b}";
bd0865ec 2910}
6e90668e 2911
a3ba843f
FC
2912BEGIN { for (qw[ const stringify rv2sv list glob ]) {
2913 eval "sub OP_\U$_ () { " . opnumber($_) . "}"
2914}}
f5aa8f4e 2915
a798dbf2 2916sub pp_null {
6e90668e 2917 my $self = shift;
d989cdac 2918 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e 2919 if (class($op) eq "OP") {
f4a44678
SM
2920 # old value is lost
2921 return $self->{'ex_const'} if $op->targ == OP_CONST;
3f872cb9 2922 } elsif ($op->first->name eq "pushmark") {
9d2c6865 2923 return $self->pp_list($op, $cx);
3f872cb9 2924 } elsif ($op->first->name eq "enter") {
9d2c6865 2925 return $self->pp_leave($op, $cx);
31c6271a
RD
2926 } elsif ($op->first->name eq "leave") {
2927 return $self->pp_leave($op->first, $cx);
2928 } elsif ($op->first->name eq "scope") {
2929 return $self->pp_scope($op->first, $cx);
bd0865ec 2930 } elsif ($op->targ == OP_STRINGIFY) {
6f611a1a 2931 return $self->dquote($op, $cx);
f4002a4b
FC
2932 } elsif ($op->targ == OP_GLOB) {
2933 return $self->pp_glob(
2934 $op->first # entersub
2935 ->first # ex-list
2936 ->first # pushmark
2937 ->sibling, # glob
2938 $cx
2939 );
6e90668e 2940 } elsif (!null($op->first->sibling) and
3f872cb9 2941 $op->first->sibling->name eq "readline" and
6e90668e 2942 $op->first->sibling->flags & OPf_STACKED) {
9d2c6865
SM
2943 return $self->maybe_parens($self->deparse($op->first, 7) . " = "
2944 . $self->deparse($op->first->sibling, 7),
2945 $cx, 7);
6e90668e 2946 } elsif (!null($op->first->sibling) and
3f872cb9 2947 $op->first->sibling->name eq "trans" and
6e90668e 2948 $op->first->sibling->flags & OPf_STACKED) {
9d2c6865
SM
2949 return $self->maybe_parens($self->deparse($op->first, 20) . " =~ "
2950 . $self->deparse($op->first->sibling, 20),
2951 $cx, 20);
d989cdac
SM
2952 } elsif ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL && $cx < 1 && !$op->targ) {
2953 return "do {\n\t". $self->deparse($op->first, $cx) ."\n\b};";
ad8caead
RGS
2954 } elsif (!null($op->first->sibling) and
2955 $op->first->sibling->name eq "null" and
2956 class($op->first->sibling) eq "UNOP" and
2957 $op->first->sibling->first->flags & OPf_STACKED and
2958 $op->first->sibling->first->name eq "rcatline") {
2959 return $self->maybe_parens($self->deparse($op->first, 18) . " .= "
2960 . $self->deparse($op->first->sibling, 18),
2961 $cx, 18);
6e90668e 2962 } else {
9d2c6865 2963 return $self->deparse($op->first, $cx);
6e90668e 2964 }
a798dbf2
MB
2965}
2966
6e90668e
SM
2967sub padname {
2968 my $self = shift;
2969 my $targ = shift;
68223ea3 2970 return $self->padname_sv($targ)->PVX;
6e90668e
SM
2971}
2972
2973sub padany {
2974 my $self = shift;
2975 my $op = shift;
2976 return substr($self->padname($op->targ), 1); # skip $/@/%
2977}
2978
2979sub pp_padsv {
2980 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865
SM
2981 my($op, $cx) = @_;
2982 return $self->maybe_my($op, $cx, $self->padname($op->targ));
6e90668e
SM
2983}
2984
2985sub pp_padav { pp_padsv(@_) }
2986sub pp_padhv { pp_padsv(@_) }
2987
e0ab66ad 2988my @threadsv_names = B::threadsv_names;
f6f9bdb7
SM
2989sub pp_threadsv {
2990 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865
SM
2991 my($op, $cx) = @_;
2992 return $self->maybe_local($op, $cx, "\$" . $threadsv_names[$op->targ]);
d989cdac 2993}
f6f9bdb7 2994
6f611a1a 2995sub gv_or_padgv {
18228111
GS
2996 my $self = shift;
2997 my $op = shift;
6f611a1a
GS
2998 if (class($op) eq "PADOP") {
2999 return $self->padval($op->padix);
3000 } else { # class($op) eq "SVOP"
3001 return $op->gv;
18228111 3002 }
18228111
GS
3003}
3004
6e90668e
SM
3005sub pp_gvsv {
3006 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3007 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6f611a1a 3008 my $gv = $self->gv_or_padgv($op);
8510e997 3009 return $self->maybe_local($op, $cx, $self->stash_variable("\$",
bb8996b8 3010 $self->gv_name($gv), $cx));
6e90668e
SM
3011}
3012
3013sub pp_gv {
3014 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3015 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6f611a1a 3016 my $gv = $self->gv_or_padgv($op);
18228111 3017 return $self->gv_name($gv);
6e90668e
SM
3018}
3019
93bad3fd
NC
3020sub pp_aelemfast_lex {
3021 my $self = shift;
3022 my($op, $cx) = @_;
3023 my $name = $self->padname($op->targ);
3024 $name =~ s/^@/\$/;
bc6b2ef6 3025 return $name . "[" . ($op->private + $self->{'arybase'}) . "]";
93bad3fd
NC
3026}
3027
6e90668e
SM
3028sub pp_aelemfast {
3029 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3030 my($op, $cx) = @_;
93bad3fd
NC
3031 # optimised PADAV, pre 5.15
3032 return $self->pp_aelemfast_lex(@_) if ($op->flags & OPf_SPECIAL);
ce4e655d 3033
93bad3fd
NC
3034 my $gv = $self->gv_or_padgv($op);
3035 my $name = $self->gv_name($gv);
3036 $name = $self->{'curstash'}."::$name"
3037 if $name !~ /::/ && $self->lex_in_scope('@'.$name);
3038 $name = '$' . $name;
bc6b2ef6 3039 return $name . "[" . ($op->private + $self->{'arybase'}) . "]";
6e90668e
SM
3040}
3041
3042sub rv2x {
3043 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3044 my($op, $cx, $type) = @_;
90c0eb26
RH
3045
3046 if (class($op) eq 'NULL' || !$op->can("first")) {
ff97752d 3047 carp("Unexpected op in pp_rv2x");
90c0eb26
RH
3048 return 'XXX';
3049 }
6e90668e 3050 my $kid = $op->first;
d989cdac 3051 if ($kid->name eq "gv") {
bb8996b8 3052 return $self->stash_variable($type, $self->deparse($kid, 0), $cx);
d989cdac
SM
3053 } elsif (is_scalar $kid) {
3054 my $str = $self->deparse($kid, 0);
3055 if ($str =~ /^\$([^\w\d])\z/) {
3056 # "$$+" isn't a legal way to write the scalar dereference
3057 # of $+, since the lexer can't tell you aren't trying to
3058 # do something like "$$ + 1" to get one more than your
3059 # PID. Either "${$+}" or "$${+}" are workable
3060 # disambiguations, but if the programmer did the former,
3061 # they'd be in the "else" clause below rather than here.
3062 # It's not clear if this should somehow be unified with
3063 # the code in dq and re_dq that also adds lexer
3064 # disambiguation braces.
3065 $str = '$' . "{$1}"; #'
3066 }
3067 return $type . $str;
3068 } else {
3069 return $type . "{" . $self->deparse($kid, 0) . "}";
3070 }
6e90668e
SM
3071}
3072
3073sub pp_rv2sv { maybe_local(@_, rv2x(@_, "\$")) }
3074sub pp_rv2hv { maybe_local(@_, rv2x(@_, "%")) }
3075sub pp_rv2gv { maybe_local(@_, rv2x(@_, "*")) }
3076
3077# skip rv2av
3078sub pp_av2arylen {
3079 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3080 my($op, $cx) = @_;
3f872cb9 3081 if ($op->first->name eq "padav") {
9d2c6865 3082 return $self->maybe_local($op, $cx, '$#' . $self->padany($op->first));
6e90668e 3083 } else {
f5aa8f4e
SM
3084 return $self->maybe_local($op, $cx,
3085 $self->rv2x($op->first, $cx, '$#'));
6e90668e
SM
3086 }
3087}
3088
3089# skip down to the old, ex-rv2cv
90c0eb26
RH
3090sub pp_rv2cv {
3091 my ($self, $op, $cx) = @_;
3092 if (!null($op->first) && $op->first->name eq 'null' &&
3093 $op->first->targ eq OP_LIST)
3094 {
3095 return $self->rv2x($op->first->first->sibling, $cx, "&")
3096 }
3097 else {
3098 return $self->rv2x($op, $cx, "")
3099 }
3100}
6e90668e 3101
d989cdac
SM
3102sub list_const {
3103 my $self = shift;
3104 my($cx, @list) = @_;
3105 my @a = map $self->const($_, 6), @list;
3106 if (@a == 0) {
3107 return "()";
3108 } elsif (@a == 1) {
3109 return $a[0];
3110 } elsif ( @a > 2 and !grep(!/^-?\d+$/, @a)) {
3111 # collapse (-1,0,1,2) into (-1..2)
3112 my ($s, $e) = @a[0,-1];
3113 my $i = $s;
3114 return $self->maybe_parens("$s..$e", $cx, 9)
3115 unless grep $i++ != $_, @a;
3116 }
3117 return $self->maybe_parens(join(", ", @a), $cx, 6);
3118}
3119
6e90668e
SM
3120sub pp_rv2av {
3121 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3122 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e 3123 my $kid = $op->first;
3f872cb9 3124 if ($kid->name eq "const") { # constant list
18228111 3125 my $av = $self->const_sv($kid);
d989cdac 3126 return $self->list_const($cx, $av->ARRAY);
6e90668e 3127 } else {
9d2c6865 3128 return $self->maybe_local($op, $cx, $self->rv2x($op, $cx, "\@"));
6e90668e
SM
3129 }
3130 }
3131
3ed82cfc
GS
3132sub is_subscriptable {
3133 my $op = shift;
3134 if ($op->name =~ /^[ahg]elem/) {
3135 return 1;
3136 } elsif ($op->name eq "entersub") {
3137 my $kid = $op->first;
3138 return 0 unless null $kid->sibling;
3139 $kid = $kid->first;
3140 $kid = $kid->sibling until null $kid->sibling;
3141 return 0 if is_scope($kid);
3142 $kid = $kid->first;
3143 return 0 if $kid->name eq "gv";
3144 return 0 if is_scalar($kid);
3145 return is_subscriptable($kid);
3146 } else {
3147 return 0;
3148 }
3149}
6e90668e 3150
21b7468a
BL
3151sub elem_or_slice_array_name
3152{
6e90668e 3153 my $self = shift;
21b7468a
BL
3154 my ($array, $left, $padname, $allow_arrow) = @_;
3155
3f872cb9 3156 if ($array->name eq $padname) {
21b7468a 3157 return $self->padany($array);
6e90668e 3158 } elsif (is_scope($array)) { # ${expr}[0]
21b7468a 3159 return "{" . $self->deparse($array, 0) . "}";
ce4e655d
RH
3160 } elsif ($array->name eq "gv") {
3161 $array = $self->gv_name($self->gv_or_padgv($array));
3162 if ($array !~ /::/) {
3163 my $prefix = ($left eq '[' ? '@' : '%');
3164 $array = $self->{curstash}.'::'.$array
3165 if $self->lex_in_scope($prefix . $array);
3166 }
21b7468a
BL
3167 return $array;
3168 } elsif (!$allow_arrow || is_scalar $array) { # $x[0], $$x[0], ...
3169 return $self->deparse($array, 24);
6e90668e 3170 } else {
21b7468a 3171 return undef;
6e90668e 3172 }
21b7468a
BL
3173}
3174
3175sub elem_or_slice_single_index
3176{
3177 my $self = shift;
3178 my ($idx) = @_;
3179
9d2c6865 3180 $idx = $self->deparse($idx, 1);
7a9b44b9
RH
3181
3182 # Outer parens in an array index will confuse perl
3183 # if we're interpolating in a regular expression, i.e.
3184 # /$x$foo[(-1)]/ is *not* the same as /$x$foo[-1]/
3185 #
3186 # If $self->{parens}, then an initial '(' will
3187 # definitely be paired with a final ')'. If
3188 # !$self->{parens}, the misleading parens won't
3189 # have been added in the first place.
3190 #
3191 # [You might think that we could get "(...)...(...)"
3192 # where the initial and final parens do not match
3193 # each other. But we can't, because the above would
3194 # only happen if there's an infix binop between the
3195 # two pairs of parens, and *that* means that the whole
3196 # expression would be parenthesized as well.]
3197 #
3198 $idx =~ s/^\((.*)\)$/$1/ if $self->{'parens'};
3199
098251bc
RH
3200 # Hash-element braces will autoquote a bareword inside themselves.
3201 # We need to make sure that C<$hash{warn()}> doesn't come out as
3202 # C<$hash{warn}>, which has a quite different meaning. Currently
3203 # B::Deparse will always quote strings, even if the string was a
3204 # bareword in the original (i.e. the OPpCONST_BARE flag is ignored
3205 # for constant strings.) So we can cheat slightly here - if we see
3206 # a bareword, we know that it is supposed to be a function call.
3207 #
3208 $idx =~ s/^([A-Za-z_]\w*)$/$1()/;
3209
21b7468a
BL
3210 return $idx;
3211}
3212
3213sub elem {
3214 my $self = shift;
3215 my ($op, $cx, $left, $right, $padname) = @_;
3216 my($array, $idx) = ($op->first, $op->first->sibling);
3217
3218 $idx = $self->elem_or_slice_single_index($idx);
3219
3220 unless ($array->name eq $padname) { # Maybe this has been fixed
3221 $array = $array->first; # skip rv2av (or ex-rv2av in _53+)
3222 }
3223 if (my $array_name=$self->elem_or_slice_array_name
3224 ($array, $left, $padname, 1)) {
3225 return "\$" . $array_name . $left . $idx . $right;
3226 } else {
3227 # $x[20][3]{hi} or expr->[20]
3228 my $arrow = is_subscriptable($array) ? "" : "->";
3229 return $self->deparse($array, 24) . $arrow . $left . $idx . $right;
3230 }
3231
6e90668e
SM
3232}
3233
3f872cb9
GS
3234sub pp_aelem { maybe_local(@_, elem(@_, "[", "]", "padav")) }
3235sub pp_helem { maybe_local(@_, elem(@_, "{", "}", "padhv")) }
6e90668e
SM
3236
3237sub pp_gelem {
3238 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3239 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
3240 my($glob, $part) = ($op->first, $op->last);
3241 $glob = $glob->first; # skip rv2gv
3f872cb9 3242 $glob = $glob->first if $glob->name eq "rv2gv"; # this one's a bug
9d2c6865
SM
3243 my $scope = is_scope($glob);
3244 $glob = $self->deparse($glob, 0);
3245 $part = $self->deparse($part, 1);
6e90668e
SM
3246 return "*" . ($scope ? "{$glob}" : $glob) . "{$part}";
3247}
3248
3249sub slice {
3250 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3251 my ($op, $cx, $left, $right, $regname, $padname) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
3252 my $last;
3253 my(@elems, $kid, $array, $list);
3254 if (class($op) eq "LISTOP") {
3255 $last = $op->last;
3256 } else { # ex-hslice inside delete()
3257 for ($kid = $op->first; !null $kid->sibling; $kid = $kid->sibling) {}
3258 $last = $kid;
3259 }
3260 $array = $last;
3261 $array = $array->first
3f872cb9 3262 if $array->name eq $regname or $array->name eq "null";
21b7468a 3263 $array = $self->elem_or_slice_array_name($array,$left,$padname,0);
6e90668e 3264 $kid = $op->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
3f872cb9 3265 if ($kid->name eq "list") {
6e90668e
SM
3266 $kid = $kid->first->sibling; # skip list, pushmark
3267 for (; !null $kid; $kid = $kid->sibling) {
9d2c6865 3268 push @elems, $self->deparse($kid, 6);
6e90668e
SM
3269 }
3270 $list = join(", ", @elems);
3271 } else {
21b7468a 3272 $list = $self->elem_or_slice_single_index($kid);
6e90668e
SM
3273 }
3274 return "\@" . $array . $left . $list . $right;
3275}
3276
3ed82cfc
GS
3277sub pp_aslice { maybe_local(@_, slice(@_, "[", "]", "rv2av", "padav")) }
3278sub pp_hslice { maybe_local(@_, slice(@_, "{", "}", "rv2hv", "padhv")) }
6e90668e
SM
3279
3280sub pp_lslice {
3281 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3282 my($op, $cx) = @_;
6e90668e
SM
3283 my $idx = $op->first;
3284 my $list = $op->last;
3285 my(@elems, $kid);
9d2c6865
SM
3286 $list = $self->deparse($list, 1);
3287 $idx = $self->deparse($idx, 1);
3288 return "($list)" . "[$idx]";
6e90668e
SM
3289}
3290
6e90668e
SM
3291sub want_scalar {
3292 my $op = shift;
3293 return ($op->flags & OPf_WANT) == OPf_WANT_SCALAR;
3294}
3295
bd0865ec
GS
3296sub want_list {
3297 my $op = shift;
3298 return ($op->flags & OPf_WANT) == OPf_WANT_LIST;
3299}
3300
09d856fb 3301sub _method {
6e90668e 3302 my $self = shift;
9d2c6865 3303 my($op, $cx) = @_;
bd0865ec
GS
3304 my $kid = $op->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
3305 my($meth, $obj, @exprs);
3f872cb9 3306 if ($kid->name eq "list" and want_list $kid) {
bd0865ec
GS
3307 # When an indirect object isn't a bareword but the args are in
3308 # parens, the parens aren't part of the method syntax (the LLAFR
3309 # doesn't apply), but they make a list with OPf_PARENS set that
3310 # doesn't get flattened by the append_elem that adds the method,
3311 # making a (object, arg1, arg2, ...) list where the object
d989cdac 3312 # usually is. This can be distinguished from
e38ccfd9 3313 # '($obj, $arg1, $arg2)->meth()' (which is legal if $arg2 is an
bd0865ec
GS
3314 # object) because in the later the list is in scalar context
3315 # as the left side of -> always is, while in the former
3316 # the list is in list context as method arguments always are.
3317 # (Good thing there aren't method prototypes!)
3ed82cfc 3318 $meth = $kid->sibling;
bd0865ec
GS
3319 $kid = $kid->first->sibling; # skip pushmark
3320 $obj = $kid;
6e90668e 3321 $kid = $kid->sibling;
bd0865ec 3322 for (; not null $kid; $kid = $kid->sibling) {
09d856fb 3323 push @exprs, $kid;
6e90668e 3324 }
bd0865ec
GS
3325 } else {
3326 $obj = $kid;
3327 $kid = $kid->sibling;
35a99a08 3328 for (; !null ($kid->sibling) && $kid->name!~/^method(?:_named)?\z/;
90c0eb26 3329 $kid = $kid->sibling) {
09d856fb 3330 push @exprs, $kid
6e90668e 3331 }
3ed82cfc 3332 $meth = $kid;
bd0865ec 3333 }
09d856fb 3334
3ed82cfc 3335 if ($meth->name eq "method_named") {
18228111 3336 $meth = $self->const_sv($meth)->PV;
bd0865ec 3337 } else {
3ed82cfc
GS
3338 $meth = $meth->first;
3339 if ($meth->name eq "const") {
3340 # As of 5.005_58, this case is probably obsoleted by the
3341 # method_named case above
18228111 3342 $meth = $self->const_sv($meth)->PV; # needs to be bare
3ed82cfc 3343 }
bd0865ec 3344 }
09d856fb
CK
3345
3346 return { method => $meth, variable_method => ref($meth),
1bf8bbb0
FC
3347 object => $obj, args => \@exprs },
3348 $cx;
09d856fb
CK
3349}
3350
3351# compat function only
3352sub method {
3353 my $self = shift;
3354 my $info = $self->_method(@_);
3355 return $self->e_method( $self->_method(@_) );
3356}
3357
3358sub e_method {
1bf8bbb0 3359 my ($self, $info, $cx) = @_;
09d856fb
CK
3360 my $obj = $self->deparse($info->{object}, 24);
3361
3362 my $meth = $info->{method};
3363 $meth = $self->deparse($meth, 1) if $info->{variable_method};
3364 my $args = join(", ", map { $self->deparse($_, 6) } @{$info->{args}} );
1bf8bbb0
FC
3365 if ($info->{object}->name eq 'scope' && want_list $info->{object}) {
3366 # method { $object }
3367 # This must be deparsed this way to preserve list context
3368 # of $object.
3369 my $need_paren = $cx >= 6;
3370 return '(' x $need_paren
3371 . $meth . substr($obj,2) # chop off the "do"
3372 . " $args"
3373 . ')' x $need_paren;
3374 }
09d856fb 3375 my $kid = $obj . "->" . $meth;
145eb477 3376 if (length $args) {
bd0865ec
GS
3377 return $kid . "(" . $args . ")"; # parens mandatory
3378 } else {
3379 return $kid;
3380 }
3381}
3382
3383# returns "&" if the prototype doesn't match the args,
3384# or ("", $args_after_prototype_demunging) if it does.
3385sub check_proto {
3386 my $self = shift;
acaaef34 3387 return "&" if $self->{'noproto'};
bd0865ec
GS
3388 my($proto, @args) = @_;
3389 my($arg, $real);
3390 my $doneok = 0;
3391 my @reals;
3392 # An unbackslashed @ or % gobbles up the rest of the args
2ae48fff 3393 1 while $proto =~ s/(?<!\\)([@%])[^\]]+$/$1/;
bd0865ec 3394 while ($proto) {
21b52158 3395 $proto =~ s/^(\\?[\$\@&%*_]|\\\[[\$\@&%*]+\]|;)//;
bd0865ec
GS
3396 my $chr = $1;
3397 if ($chr eq "") {
3398 return "&" if @args;
3399 } elsif ($chr eq ";") {
3400 $doneok = 1;
3401 } elsif ($chr eq "@" or $chr eq "%") {
3402 push @reals, map($self->deparse($_, 6), @args);
3403 @args = ();
6e90668e 3404 } else {
bd0865ec
GS
3405 $arg = shift @args;
3406 last unless $arg;
21b52158 3407 if ($chr eq "\$" || $chr eq "_") {
bd0865ec
GS
3408 if (want_scalar $arg) {
3409 push @reals, $self->deparse($arg, 6);
3410 } else {
3411 return "&";
3412 }
3413 } elsif ($chr eq "&") {
3f872cb9 3414 if ($arg->name =~ /^(s?refgen|undef)$/) {
bd0865ec
GS
3415 push @reals, $self->deparse($arg, 6);
3416 } else {
3417 return "&";
3418 }
3419 } elsif ($chr eq "*") {
3f872cb9
GS
3420 if ($arg->name =~ /^s?refgen$/
3421 and $arg->first->first->name eq "rv2gv")
bd0865ec
GS
3422 {
3423 $real = $arg->first->first; # skip refgen, null
3f872cb9 3424 if ($real->first->name eq "gv") {
bd0865ec
GS