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a0d0e21e 1/* mg.c
79072805 2 *
4bb101f2 3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
7272f7c1 4 * 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, by Larry Wall and others
79072805
LW
5 *
6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8 *
a0d0e21e
LW
9 */
10
11/*
12 * "Sam sat on the ground and put his head in his hands. 'I wish I had never
13 * come here, and I don't want to see no more magic,' he said, and fell silent."
79072805
LW
14 */
15
ccfc67b7
JH
16/*
17=head1 Magical Functions
166f8a29
DM
18
19"Magic" is special data attached to SV structures in order to give them
20"magical" properties. When any Perl code tries to read from, or assign to,
21an SV marked as magical, it calls the 'get' or 'set' function associated
22with that SV's magic. A get is called prior to reading an SV, in order to
ddfa107c 23give it a chance to update its internal value (get on $. writes the line
166f8a29
DM
24number of the last read filehandle into to the SV's IV slot), while
25set is called after an SV has been written to, in order to allow it to make
ddfa107c 26use of its changed value (set on $/ copies the SV's new value to the
166f8a29
DM
27PL_rs global variable).
28
29Magic is implemented as a linked list of MAGIC structures attached to the
30SV. Each MAGIC struct holds the type of the magic, a pointer to an array
31of functions that implement the get(), set(), length() etc functions,
32plus space for some flags and pointers. For example, a tied variable has
33a MAGIC structure that contains a pointer to the object associated with the
34tie.
35
ccfc67b7
JH
36*/
37
79072805 38#include "EXTERN.h"
864dbfa3 39#define PERL_IN_MG_C
79072805
LW
40#include "perl.h"
41
5cd24f17 42#if defined(HAS_GETGROUPS) || defined(HAS_SETGROUPS)
b7953727
JH
43# ifdef I_GRP
44# include <grp.h>
45# endif
188ea221
CS
46#endif
47
757f63d8
SP
48#if defined(HAS_SETGROUPS)
49# ifndef NGROUPS
50# define NGROUPS 32
51# endif
52#endif
53
17aa7f3d
JH
54#ifdef __hpux
55# include <sys/pstat.h>
56#endif
57
8aad04aa 58#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
b6455c53 59Signal_t Perl_csighandler(int sig, siginfo_t *, void *);
8aad04aa 60#else
e69880a5 61Signal_t Perl_csighandler(int sig);
8aad04aa 62#endif
e69880a5 63
9cffb111
OS
64#ifdef __Lynx__
65/* Missing protos on LynxOS */
66void setruid(uid_t id);
67void seteuid(uid_t id);
68void setrgid(uid_t id);
69void setegid(uid_t id);
70#endif
71
c07a80fd
PP
72/*
73 * Use the "DESTRUCTOR" scope cleanup to reinstate magic.
74 */
75
76struct magic_state {
77 SV* mgs_sv;
78 U32 mgs_flags;
455ece5e 79 I32 mgs_ss_ix;
c07a80fd 80};
455ece5e 81/* MGS is typedef'ed to struct magic_state in perl.h */
76e3520e
GS
82
83STATIC void
8fb26106 84S_save_magic(pTHX_ I32 mgs_ix, SV *sv)
c07a80fd 85{
97aff369 86 dVAR;
455ece5e 87 MGS* mgs;
c07a80fd 88 assert(SvMAGICAL(sv));
d8b2590f
NC
89 /* Turning READONLY off for a copy-on-write scalar (including shared
90 hash keys) is a bad idea. */
765f542d 91 if (SvIsCOW(sv))
9a265e59 92 sv_force_normal_flags(sv, 0);
c07a80fd 93
8772537c 94 SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(S_restore_magic, INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
455ece5e
AD
95
96 mgs = SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS*);
c07a80fd
PP
97 mgs->mgs_sv = sv;
98 mgs->mgs_flags = SvMAGICAL(sv) | SvREADONLY(sv);
455ece5e 99 mgs->mgs_ss_ix = PL_savestack_ix; /* points after the saved destructor */
c07a80fd
PP
100
101 SvMAGICAL_off(sv);
102 SvREADONLY_off(sv);
085bde85
NC
103 if (!(SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVf_IOK|SVf_NOK|SVf_POK))) {
104 /* No public flags are set, so promote any private flags to public. */
105 SvFLAGS(sv) |= (SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVp_IOK|SVp_NOK|SVp_POK)) >> PRIVSHIFT;
106 }
c07a80fd
PP
107}
108
954c1994
GS
109/*
110=for apidoc mg_magical
111
112Turns on the magical status of an SV. See C<sv_magic>.
113
114=cut
115*/
116
8990e307 117void
864dbfa3 118Perl_mg_magical(pTHX_ SV *sv)
8990e307 119{
e1ec3a88 120 const MAGIC* mg;
96a5add6 121 PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
8990e307 122 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
35a4481c 123 const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
8990e307 124 if (vtbl) {
2b260de0 125 if (vtbl->svt_get && !(mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP))
8990e307
LW
126 SvGMAGICAL_on(sv);
127 if (vtbl->svt_set)
128 SvSMAGICAL_on(sv);
2b260de0 129 if (!(SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVs_GMG|SVs_SMG)) || vtbl->svt_clear)
8990e307
LW
130 SvRMAGICAL_on(sv);
131 }
132 }
133}
134
2767dea0
DM
135
136/* is this container magic (%ENV, $1 etc), or value magic (pos, taint etc)? */
137
138STATIC bool
139S_is_container_magic(const MAGIC *mg)
140{
141 switch (mg->mg_type) {
142 case PERL_MAGIC_bm:
143 case PERL_MAGIC_fm:
144 case PERL_MAGIC_regex_global:
145 case PERL_MAGIC_nkeys:
146#ifdef USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
147 case PERL_MAGIC_collxfrm:
148#endif
149 case PERL_MAGIC_qr:
150 case PERL_MAGIC_taint:
151 case PERL_MAGIC_vec:
152 case PERL_MAGIC_vstring:
153 case PERL_MAGIC_utf8:
154 case PERL_MAGIC_substr:
155 case PERL_MAGIC_defelem:
156 case PERL_MAGIC_arylen:
157 case PERL_MAGIC_pos:
158 case PERL_MAGIC_backref:
159 case PERL_MAGIC_arylen_p:
160 case PERL_MAGIC_rhash:
161 case PERL_MAGIC_symtab:
162 return 0;
163 default:
164 return 1;
165 }
166}
167
954c1994
GS
168/*
169=for apidoc mg_get
170
171Do magic after a value is retrieved from the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
172
173=cut
174*/
175
79072805 176int
864dbfa3 177Perl_mg_get(pTHX_ SV *sv)
79072805 178{
97aff369 179 dVAR;
35a4481c 180 const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
fe2774ed 181 const bool was_temp = (bool)SvTEMP(sv);
0723351e 182 int have_new = 0;
ff76feab 183 MAGIC *newmg, *head, *cur, *mg;
20135930 184 /* guard against sv having being freed midway by holding a private
6683b158
NC
185 reference. */
186
187 /* sv_2mortal has this side effect of turning on the TEMP flag, which can
188 cause the SV's buffer to get stolen (and maybe other stuff).
189 So restore it.
190 */
46da273f 191 sv_2mortal(SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv));
6683b158
NC
192 if (!was_temp) {
193 SvTEMP_off(sv);
194 }
195
455ece5e 196 save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
463ee0b2 197
ff76feab
AMS
198 /* We must call svt_get(sv, mg) for each valid entry in the linked
199 list of magic. svt_get() may delete the current entry, add new
200 magic to the head of the list, or upgrade the SV. AMS 20010810 */
201
202 newmg = cur = head = mg = SvMAGIC(sv);
203 while (mg) {
35a4481c 204 const MGVTBL * const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
ff76feab 205
2b260de0 206 if (!(mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP) && vtbl && vtbl->svt_get) {
316ad4fe 207 CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_get)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
b77f7d40 208
58f82c5c
DM
209 /* guard against magic having been deleted - eg FETCH calling
210 * untie */
211 if (!SvMAGIC(sv))
212 break;
b77f7d40 213
ff76feab
AMS
214 /* Don't restore the flags for this entry if it was deleted. */
215 if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP)
216 (SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS *))->mgs_flags = 0;
a0d0e21e 217 }
ff76feab
AMS
218
219 mg = mg->mg_moremagic;
220
0723351e 221 if (have_new) {
ff76feab
AMS
222 /* Have we finished with the new entries we saw? Start again
223 where we left off (unless there are more new entries). */
224 if (mg == head) {
0723351e 225 have_new = 0;
ff76feab
AMS
226 mg = cur;
227 head = newmg;
228 }
229 }
230
231 /* Were any new entries added? */
0723351e
NC
232 if (!have_new && (newmg = SvMAGIC(sv)) != head) {
233 have_new = 1;
ff76feab
AMS
234 cur = mg;
235 mg = newmg;
760ac839 236 }
79072805 237 }
463ee0b2 238
8772537c 239 restore_magic(INT2PTR(void *, (IV)mgs_ix));
6683b158
NC
240
241 if (SvREFCNT(sv) == 1) {
242 /* We hold the last reference to this SV, which implies that the
243 SV was deleted as a side effect of the routines we called. */
0c34ef67 244 SvOK_off(sv);
6683b158 245 }
79072805
LW
246 return 0;
247}
248
954c1994
GS
249/*
250=for apidoc mg_set
251
252Do magic after a value is assigned to the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
253
254=cut
255*/
256
79072805 257int
864dbfa3 258Perl_mg_set(pTHX_ SV *sv)
79072805 259{
97aff369 260 dVAR;
35a4481c 261 const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
79072805 262 MAGIC* mg;
463ee0b2
LW
263 MAGIC* nextmg;
264
455ece5e 265 save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
463ee0b2
LW
266
267 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = nextmg) {
e1ec3a88 268 const MGVTBL* vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
463ee0b2 269 nextmg = mg->mg_moremagic; /* it may delete itself */
a0d0e21e
LW
270 if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_GSKIP) {
271 mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_GSKIP; /* setting requires another read */
455ece5e 272 (SSPTR(mgs_ix, MGS*))->mgs_flags = 0;
a0d0e21e 273 }
e7cbf6c6
DM
274 if (PL_localizing == 2 && !S_is_container_magic(mg))
275 continue;
2b260de0 276 if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_set)
fc0dc3b3 277 CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_set)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
79072805 278 }
463ee0b2 279
8772537c 280 restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
79072805
LW
281 return 0;
282}
283
954c1994
GS
284/*
285=for apidoc mg_length
286
287Report on the SV's length. See C<sv_magic>.
288
289=cut
290*/
291
79072805 292U32
864dbfa3 293Perl_mg_length(pTHX_ SV *sv)
79072805 294{
97aff369 295 dVAR;
79072805 296 MAGIC* mg;
463ee0b2 297 STRLEN len;
463ee0b2 298
79072805 299 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
35a4481c 300 const MGVTBL * const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
2b260de0 301 if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_len) {
35a4481c 302 const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
455ece5e 303 save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
a0d0e21e 304 /* omit MGf_GSKIP -- not changed here */
fc0dc3b3 305 len = CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_len)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
8772537c 306 restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
85e6fe83
LW
307 return len;
308 }
309 }
310
35a4481c 311 if (DO_UTF8(sv)) {
10516c54 312 const U8 *s = (U8*)SvPV_const(sv, len);
f5a63d97 313 len = utf8_length(s, s + len);
5636d518
DB
314 }
315 else
10516c54 316 (void)SvPV_const(sv, len);
463ee0b2 317 return len;
79072805
LW
318}
319
8fb26106 320I32
864dbfa3 321Perl_mg_size(pTHX_ SV *sv)
93965878
NIS
322{
323 MAGIC* mg;
ac27b0f5 324
93965878 325 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
35a4481c 326 const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
2b260de0 327 if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_len) {
35a4481c
AL
328 const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
329 I32 len;
455ece5e 330 save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
93965878 331 /* omit MGf_GSKIP -- not changed here */
fc0dc3b3 332 len = CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_len)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
8772537c 333 restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
93965878
NIS
334 return len;
335 }
336 }
337
338 switch(SvTYPE(sv)) {
339 case SVt_PVAV:
35a4481c 340 return AvFILLp((AV *) sv); /* Fallback to non-tied array */
93965878
NIS
341 case SVt_PVHV:
342 /* FIXME */
343 default:
cea2e8a9 344 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Size magic not implemented");
93965878
NIS
345 break;
346 }
347 return 0;
348}
349
954c1994
GS
350/*
351=for apidoc mg_clear
352
353Clear something magical that the SV represents. See C<sv_magic>.
354
355=cut
356*/
357
79072805 358int
864dbfa3 359Perl_mg_clear(pTHX_ SV *sv)
79072805 360{
35a4481c 361 const I32 mgs_ix = SSNEW(sizeof(MGS));
79072805 362 MAGIC* mg;
463ee0b2 363
455ece5e 364 save_magic(mgs_ix, sv);
463ee0b2 365
79072805 366 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
35a4481c 367 const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
a0d0e21e 368 /* omit GSKIP -- never set here */
727405f8 369
2b260de0 370 if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_clear)
fc0dc3b3 371 CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_clear)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
79072805 372 }
463ee0b2 373
8772537c 374 restore_magic(INT2PTR(void*, (IV)mgs_ix));
79072805
LW
375 return 0;
376}
377
954c1994
GS
378/*
379=for apidoc mg_find
380
381Finds the magic pointer for type matching the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
382
383=cut
384*/
385
93a17b20 386MAGIC*
35a4481c 387Perl_mg_find(pTHX_ const SV *sv, int type)
93a17b20 388{
96a5add6 389 PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
35a4481c
AL
390 if (sv) {
391 MAGIC *mg;
392 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
393 if (mg->mg_type == type)
394 return mg;
395 }
93a17b20 396 }
5f66b61c 397 return NULL;
93a17b20
LW
398}
399
954c1994
GS
400/*
401=for apidoc mg_copy
402
403Copies the magic from one SV to another. See C<sv_magic>.
404
405=cut
406*/
407
79072805 408int
864dbfa3 409Perl_mg_copy(pTHX_ SV *sv, SV *nsv, const char *key, I32 klen)
79072805 410{
463ee0b2 411 int count = 0;
79072805 412 MAGIC* mg;
463ee0b2 413 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
35a4481c 414 const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
68795e93
NIS
415 if ((mg->mg_flags & MGf_COPY) && vtbl->svt_copy){
416 count += CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_copy)(aTHX_ sv, mg, nsv, key, klen);
417 }
823a54a3
AL
418 else {
419 const char type = mg->mg_type;
1e73acc8 420 if (isUPPER(type) && type != PERL_MAGIC_uvar) {
823a54a3
AL
421 sv_magic(nsv,
422 (type == PERL_MAGIC_tied)
423 ? SvTIED_obj(sv, mg)
424 : (type == PERL_MAGIC_regdata && mg->mg_obj)
425 ? sv
426 : mg->mg_obj,
427 toLOWER(type), key, klen);
428 count++;
429 }
79072805 430 }
79072805 431 }
463ee0b2 432 return count;
79072805
LW
433}
434
954c1994 435/*
0cbee0a4
DM
436=for apidoc mg_localize
437
438Copy some of the magic from an existing SV to new localized version of
439that SV. Container magic (eg %ENV, $1, tie) gets copied, value magic
440doesn't (eg taint, pos).
441
442=cut
443*/
444
445void
446Perl_mg_localize(pTHX_ SV *sv, SV *nsv)
447{
97aff369 448 dVAR;
0cbee0a4
DM
449 MAGIC *mg;
450 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = mg->mg_moremagic) {
2b1b43ea 451 const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
2767dea0 452 if (!S_is_container_magic(mg))
0cbee0a4 453 continue;
0cbee0a4 454
a5063e7c
DM
455 if ((mg->mg_flags & MGf_LOCAL) && vtbl->svt_local)
456 (void)CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_local)(aTHX_ nsv, mg);
457 else
0cbee0a4
DM
458 sv_magicext(nsv, mg->mg_obj, mg->mg_type, vtbl,
459 mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len);
a5063e7c 460
0cbee0a4
DM
461 /* container types should remain read-only across localization */
462 SvFLAGS(nsv) |= SvREADONLY(sv);
463 }
464
465 if (SvTYPE(nsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(nsv)) {
466 SvFLAGS(nsv) |= SvMAGICAL(sv);
467 PL_localizing = 1;
468 SvSETMAGIC(nsv);
469 PL_localizing = 0;
470 }
471}
472
473/*
954c1994
GS
474=for apidoc mg_free
475
476Free any magic storage used by the SV. See C<sv_magic>.
477
478=cut
479*/
480
79072805 481int
864dbfa3 482Perl_mg_free(pTHX_ SV *sv)
79072805
LW
483{
484 MAGIC* mg;
485 MAGIC* moremagic;
486 for (mg = SvMAGIC(sv); mg; mg = moremagic) {
35a4481c 487 const MGVTBL* const vtbl = mg->mg_virtual;
79072805 488 moremagic = mg->mg_moremagic;
2b260de0 489 if (vtbl && vtbl->svt_free)
fc0dc3b3 490 CALL_FPTR(vtbl->svt_free)(aTHX_ sv, mg);
14befaf4 491 if (mg->mg_ptr && mg->mg_type != PERL_MAGIC_regex_global) {
979acdb5 492 if (mg->mg_len > 0 || mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_utf8)
88e89b8a 493 Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);
565764a8 494 else if (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY)
88e89b8a 495 SvREFCNT_dec((SV*)mg->mg_ptr);
d460ef45 496 }
b881518d
JH
497 if (mg->mg_flags & MGf_REFCOUNTED)
498 SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
79072805 499 Safefree(mg);
c826f41b 500 SvMAGIC_set(sv, moremagic);
79072805 501 }
b162af07 502 SvMAGIC_set(sv, NULL);
79072805
LW
503 return 0;
504}
505
79072805 506#include <signal.h>
79072805 507
942e002e 508U32
864dbfa3 509Perl_magic_regdata_cnt(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
6cef1e77 510{
97aff369 511 dVAR;
8772537c 512 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
6cef1e77 513
0bd48802
AL
514 if (PL_curpm) {
515 register const REGEXP * const rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm);
516 if (rx) {
a678b0e4
YO
517 if (mg->mg_obj) { /* @+ */
518 /* return the number possible */
519 return rx->nparens;
520 } else { /* @- */
521 I32 paren = rx->lastparen;
522
523 /* return the last filled */
f46c4081 524 while ( paren >= 0
f0ab9afb
NC
525 && (rx->offs[paren].start == -1
526 || rx->offs[paren].end == -1) )
f46c4081 527 paren--;
a678b0e4
YO
528 return (U32)paren;
529 }
0bd48802 530 }
8f580fb8 531 }
ac27b0f5 532
942e002e 533 return (U32)-1;
6cef1e77
IZ
534}
535
536int
864dbfa3 537Perl_magic_regdatum_get(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
6cef1e77 538{
97aff369 539 dVAR;
0bd48802
AL
540 if (PL_curpm) {
541 register const REGEXP * const rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm);
542 if (rx) {
543 register const I32 paren = mg->mg_len;
544 register I32 s;
545 register I32 t;
546 if (paren < 0)
547 return 0;
548 if (paren <= (I32)rx->nparens &&
f0ab9afb
NC
549 (s = rx->offs[paren].start) != -1 &&
550 (t = rx->offs[paren].end) != -1)
0bd48802
AL
551 {
552 register I32 i;
553 if (mg->mg_obj) /* @+ */
554 i = t;
555 else /* @- */
556 i = s;
557
558 if (i > 0 && RX_MATCH_UTF8(rx)) {
559 const char * const b = rx->subbeg;
560 if (b)
f5a63d97 561 i = utf8_length((U8*)b, (U8*)(b+i));
0bd48802 562 }
727405f8 563
0bd48802 564 sv_setiv(sv, i);
1aa99e6b 565 }
0bd48802 566 }
6cef1e77
IZ
567 }
568 return 0;
569}
570
e4b89193 571int
a29d06ed
MG
572Perl_magic_regdatum_set(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
573{
d4c19fe8
AL
574 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
575 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
a29d06ed 576 Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_modify);
0dbb1585 577 NORETURN_FUNCTION_END;
a29d06ed
MG
578}
579
93a17b20 580U32
864dbfa3 581Perl_magic_len(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
93a17b20 582{
97aff369 583 dVAR;
93a17b20 584 register I32 paren;
93a17b20 585 register I32 i;
2fdbfb4d
AB
586 register const REGEXP * rx;
587 const char * const remaining = mg->mg_ptr + 1;
93a17b20
LW
588
589 switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
2fdbfb4d
AB
590 case '\020':
591 if (*remaining == '\0') { /* ^P */
592 break;
593 } else if (strEQ(remaining, "REMATCH")) { /* $^PREMATCH */
594 goto do_prematch;
595 } else if (strEQ(remaining, "OSTMATCH")) { /* $^POSTMATCH */
596 goto do_postmatch;
597 }
598 break;
599 case '\015': /* $^MATCH */
600 if (strEQ(remaining, "ATCH")) {
601 goto do_match;
602 } else {
603 break;
604 }
605 case '`':
606 do_prematch:
f1b875a0 607 paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_PREMATCH;
2fdbfb4d
AB
608 goto maybegetparen;
609 case '\'':
610 do_postmatch:
f1b875a0 611 paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_POSTMATCH;
2fdbfb4d
AB
612 goto maybegetparen;
613 case '&':
614 do_match:
f1b875a0 615 paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_FULLMATCH;
2fdbfb4d 616 goto maybegetparen;
93a17b20 617 case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
2fdbfb4d
AB
618 case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
619 paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr);
620 maybegetparen:
aaa362c4 621 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
2fdbfb4d
AB
622 getparen:
623 i = CALLREG_NUMBUF_LENGTH((REGEXP * const)rx, sv, paren);
cf93c79d 624
ffc61ed2 625 if (i < 0)
0844c848 626 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: magic_len: %"IVdf, (IV)i);
ffc61ed2 627 return i;
2fdbfb4d 628 } else {
235bddc8 629 if (ckWARN(WARN_UNINITIALIZED))
29489e7c 630 report_uninit(sv);
2fdbfb4d 631 return 0;
93a17b20 632 }
93a17b20 633 case '+':
aaa362c4 634 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
d9f97599 635 paren = rx->lastparen;
13f57bf8
CS
636 if (paren)
637 goto getparen;
93a17b20 638 }
748a9306 639 return 0;
a01268b5
JH
640 case '\016': /* ^N */
641 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
642 paren = rx->lastcloseparen;
643 if (paren)
644 goto getparen;
645 }
646 return 0;
93a17b20
LW
647 }
648 magic_get(sv,mg);
2d8e6c8d 649 if (!SvPOK(sv) && SvNIOK(sv)) {
8b6b16e7 650 sv_2pv(sv, 0);
2d8e6c8d 651 }
93a17b20
LW
652 if (SvPOK(sv))
653 return SvCUR(sv);
654 return 0;
655}
656
ad3296c6 657#define SvRTRIM(sv) STMT_START { \
eae92ea0
GA
658 if (SvPOK(sv)) { \
659 STRLEN len = SvCUR(sv); \
660 char * const p = SvPVX(sv); \
8e6b4db6
PC
661 while (len > 0 && isSPACE(p[len-1])) \
662 --len; \
663 SvCUR_set(sv, len); \
664 p[len] = '\0'; \
665 } \
ad3296c6
SH
666} STMT_END
667
8b850bd5
NC
668void
669Perl_emulate_cop_io(pTHX_ const COP *const c, SV *const sv)
670{
671 if (!(CopHINTS_get(c) & (HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN|HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT)))
672 sv_setsv(sv, &PL_sv_undef);
673 else {
674 sv_setpvs(sv, "");
675 SvUTF8_off(sv);
676 if ((CopHINTS_get(c) & HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN)) {
677 SV *const value = Perl_refcounted_he_fetch(aTHX_
678 c->cop_hints_hash,
679 0, "open<", 5, 0, 0);
680 assert(value);
681 sv_catsv(sv, value);
682 }
683 sv_catpvs(sv, "\0");
684 if ((CopHINTS_get(c) & HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT)) {
685 SV *const value = Perl_refcounted_he_fetch(aTHX_
686 c->cop_hints_hash,
687 0, "open>", 5, 0, 0);
688 assert(value);
689 sv_catsv(sv, value);
690 }
691 }
692}
693
79072805 694int
864dbfa3 695Perl_magic_get(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 696{
27da23d5 697 dVAR;
79072805 698 register I32 paren;
35272f84 699 register char *s = NULL;
d9f97599 700 register REGEXP *rx;
823a54a3
AL
701 const char * const remaining = mg->mg_ptr + 1;
702 const char nextchar = *remaining;
79072805
LW
703
704 switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
748a9306 705 case '\001': /* ^A */
3280af22 706 sv_setsv(sv, PL_bodytarget);
748a9306 707 break;
e5218da5 708 case '\003': /* ^C, ^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE */
823a54a3 709 if (nextchar == '\0') {
e5218da5
GA
710 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_minus_c);
711 }
823a54a3 712 else if (strEQ(remaining, "HILD_ERROR_NATIVE")) {
e5218da5
GA
713 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)STATUS_NATIVE);
714 }
49460fe6
NIS
715 break;
716
79072805 717 case '\004': /* ^D */
aea4f609 718 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)(PL_debug & DEBUG_MASK));
79072805 719 break;
28f23441 720 case '\005': /* ^E */
823a54a3 721 if (nextchar == '\0') {
4b645107 722#if defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL)
0a378802
JH
723 {
724 char msg[256];
727405f8 725
0a378802 726 sv_setnv(sv,(double)gMacPerl_OSErr);
727405f8 727 sv_setpv(sv, gMacPerl_OSErr ? GetSysErrText(gMacPerl_OSErr, msg) : "");
0a378802 728 }
4b645107 729#elif defined(VMS)
0a378802
JH
730 {
731# include <descrip.h>
732# include <starlet.h>
733 char msg[255];
734 $DESCRIPTOR(msgdsc,msg);
735 sv_setnv(sv,(NV) vaxc$errno);
736 if (sys$getmsg(vaxc$errno,&msgdsc.dsc$w_length,&msgdsc,0,0) & 1)
737 sv_setpvn(sv,msgdsc.dsc$a_pointer,msgdsc.dsc$w_length);
738 else
c69006e4 739 sv_setpvn(sv,"",0);
0a378802 740 }
4b645107 741#elif defined(OS2)
0a378802
JH
742 if (!(_emx_env & 0x200)) { /* Under DOS */
743 sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
744 sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
745 } else {
746 if (errno != errno_isOS2) {
823a54a3 747 const int tmp = _syserrno();
0a378802
JH
748 if (tmp) /* 2nd call to _syserrno() makes it 0 */
749 Perl_rc = tmp;
750 }
751 sv_setnv(sv, (NV)Perl_rc);
752 sv_setpv(sv, os2error(Perl_rc));
753 }
4b645107 754#elif defined(WIN32)
0a378802 755 {
d4c19fe8 756 const DWORD dwErr = GetLastError();
0a378802 757 sv_setnv(sv, (NV)dwErr);
823a54a3 758 if (dwErr) {
0a378802
JH
759 PerlProc_GetOSError(sv, dwErr);
760 }
761 else
c69006e4 762 sv_setpvn(sv, "", 0);
0a378802
JH
763 SetLastError(dwErr);
764 }
22fae026 765#else
f6c8f21d 766 {
8772537c 767 const int saveerrno = errno;
f6c8f21d 768 sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
666ea192 769 sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
f6c8f21d
RGS
770 errno = saveerrno;
771 }
28f23441 772#endif
ad3296c6 773 SvRTRIM(sv);
0a378802
JH
774 SvNOK_on(sv); /* what a wonderful hack! */
775 }
823a54a3 776 else if (strEQ(remaining, "NCODING"))
0a378802
JH
777 sv_setsv(sv, PL_encoding);
778 break;
79072805 779 case '\006': /* ^F */
3280af22 780 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_maxsysfd);
79072805 781 break;
a0d0e21e 782 case '\010': /* ^H */
3280af22 783 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_hints);
a0d0e21e 784 break;
9d116dd7 785 case '\011': /* ^I */ /* NOT \t in EBCDIC */
120f7abe 786 sv_setpv(sv, PL_inplace); /* Will undefine sv if PL_inplace is NULL */
79072805 787 break;
ac27b0f5 788 case '\017': /* ^O & ^OPEN */
823a54a3 789 if (nextchar == '\0') {
ac27b0f5 790 sv_setpv(sv, PL_osname);
3511154c
DM
791 SvTAINTED_off(sv);
792 }
823a54a3 793 else if (strEQ(remaining, "PEN")) {
8b850bd5 794 Perl_emulate_cop_io(aTHX_ &PL_compiling, sv);
ac27b0f5 795 }
28f23441 796 break;
cde0cee5
YO
797 case '\020':
798 if (nextchar == '\0') { /* ^P */
799 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_perldb);
800 } else if (strEQ(remaining, "REMATCH")) { /* $^PREMATCH */
801 goto do_prematch_fetch;
802 } else if (strEQ(remaining, "OSTMATCH")) { /* $^POSTMATCH */
803 goto do_postmatch_fetch;
804 }
79072805 805 break;
fb73857a 806 case '\023': /* ^S */
823a54a3 807 if (nextchar == '\0') {
bc177e6b 808 if (PL_parser && PL_parser->lex_state != LEX_NOTPARSING)
0c34ef67 809 SvOK_off(sv);
3280af22 810 else if (PL_in_eval)
6dc8a9e4 811 sv_setiv(sv, PL_in_eval & ~(EVAL_INREQUIRE));
a4268c0a
AMS
812 else
813 sv_setiv(sv, 0);
d58bf5aa 814 }
fb73857a 815 break;
79072805 816 case '\024': /* ^T */
823a54a3 817 if (nextchar == '\0') {
88e89b8a 818#ifdef BIG_TIME
7c36658b 819 sv_setnv(sv, PL_basetime);
88e89b8a 820#else
7c36658b 821 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_basetime);
88e89b8a 822#endif
7c36658b 823 }
823a54a3 824 else if (strEQ(remaining, "AINT"))
9aa05f58
RGS
825 sv_setiv(sv, PL_tainting
826 ? (PL_taint_warn || PL_unsafe ? -1 : 1)
827 : 0);
7c36658b 828 break;
e07ea26a 829 case '\025': /* $^UNICODE, $^UTF8LOCALE, $^UTF8CACHE */
823a54a3 830 if (strEQ(remaining, "NICODE"))
a05d7ebb 831 sv_setuv(sv, (UV) PL_unicode);
823a54a3 832 else if (strEQ(remaining, "TF8LOCALE"))
7cebcbc0 833 sv_setuv(sv, (UV) PL_utf8locale);
e07ea26a
NC
834 else if (strEQ(remaining, "TF8CACHE"))
835 sv_setiv(sv, (IV) PL_utf8cache);
fde18df1
JH
836 break;
837 case '\027': /* ^W & $^WARNING_BITS */
823a54a3 838 if (nextchar == '\0')
4438c4b7 839 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)((PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ON) ? TRUE : FALSE));
823a54a3 840 else if (strEQ(remaining, "ARNING_BITS")) {
013b78e8 841 if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_NONE) {
4438c4b7 842 sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_NONEstring, WARNsize) ;
013b78e8
RGS
843 }
844 else if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_STD) {
666ea192
JH
845 sv_setpvn(
846 sv,
847 (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ON) ? WARN_ALLstring : WARN_NONEstring,
848 WARNsize
849 );
013b78e8 850 }
d3a7d8c7 851 else if (PL_compiling.cop_warnings == pWARN_ALL) {
75b6c4ca
RGS
852 /* Get the bit mask for $warnings::Bits{all}, because
853 * it could have been extended by warnings::register */
823a54a3 854 HV * const bits=get_hv("warnings::Bits", FALSE);
f5a63d97
AL
855 if (bits) {
856 SV ** const bits_all = hv_fetchs(bits, "all", FALSE);
857 if (bits_all)
858 sv_setsv(sv, *bits_all);
75b6c4ca
RGS
859 }
860 else {
861 sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_ALLstring, WARNsize) ;
862 }
ac27b0f5 863 }
4438c4b7 864 else {
72dc9ed5
NC
865 sv_setpvn(sv, (char *) (PL_compiling.cop_warnings + 1),
866 *PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
ac27b0f5 867 }
d3a7d8c7 868 SvPOK_only(sv);
4438c4b7 869 }
79072805 870 break;
cde0cee5
YO
871 case '\015': /* $^MATCH */
872 if (strEQ(remaining, "ATCH")) {
79072805
LW
873 case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
874 case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9': case '&':
cde0cee5
YO
875 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
876 /*
877 * Pre-threads, this was paren = atoi(GvENAME((GV*)mg->mg_obj));
878 * XXX Does the new way break anything?
879 */
880 paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr); /* $& is in [0] */
2fdbfb4d 881 CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,paren,sv);
cde0cee5
YO
882 break;
883 }
884 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
79072805
LW
885 }
886 break;
887 case '+':
aaa362c4 888 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
44a2ac75 889 if (rx->lastparen) {
2fdbfb4d 890 CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,rx->lastparen,sv);
44a2ac75
YO
891 break;
892 }
79072805 893 }
3280af22 894 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
79072805 895 break;
a01268b5
JH
896 case '\016': /* ^N */
897 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
44a2ac75 898 if (rx->lastcloseparen) {
2fdbfb4d 899 CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,rx->lastcloseparen,sv);
44a2ac75
YO
900 break;
901 }
902
a01268b5
JH
903 }
904 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
905 break;
79072805 906 case '`':
cde0cee5 907 do_prematch_fetch:
aaa362c4 908 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
2fdbfb4d 909 CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,-2,sv);
93b32b6d 910 break;
79072805 911 }
3280af22 912 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
79072805
LW
913 break;
914 case '\'':
cde0cee5 915 do_postmatch_fetch:
aaa362c4 916 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
2fdbfb4d 917 CALLREG_NUMBUF_FETCH(rx,-1,sv);
93b32b6d 918 break;
79072805 919 }
3280af22 920 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
79072805
LW
921 break;
922 case '.':
3280af22 923 if (GvIO(PL_last_in_gv)) {
357c8808 924 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)));
79072805 925 }
79072805
LW
926 break;
927 case '?':
809a5acc 928 {
809a5acc 929 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)STATUS_CURRENT);
ff0cee69 930#ifdef COMPLEX_STATUS
6b88bc9c
GS
931 LvTARGOFF(sv) = PL_statusvalue;
932 LvTARGLEN(sv) = PL_statusvalue_vms;
ff0cee69 933#endif
809a5acc 934 }
79072805
LW
935 break;
936 case '^':
0daa599b
RGS
937 if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
938 s = IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv));
79072805
LW
939 if (s)
940 sv_setpv(sv,s);
941 else {
3280af22 942 sv_setpv(sv,GvENAME(PL_defoutgv));
cb421d5e 943 sv_catpvs(sv,"_TOP");
79072805
LW
944 }
945 break;
946 case '~':
0daa599b
RGS
947 if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
948 s = IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv));
79072805 949 if (!s)
3280af22 950 s = GvENAME(PL_defoutgv);
79072805
LW
951 sv_setpv(sv,s);
952 break;
79072805 953 case '=':
0daa599b
RGS
954 if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
955 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoPAGE_LEN(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
79072805
LW
956 break;
957 case '-':
0daa599b
RGS
958 if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
959 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
79072805
LW
960 break;
961 case '%':
0daa599b
RGS
962 if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
963 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)IoPAGE(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
79072805 964 break;
79072805
LW
965 case ':':
966 break;
967 case '/':
968 break;
969 case '[':
11206fdd 970 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
79072805
LW
971 break;
972 case '|':
0daa599b
RGS
973 if (GvIOp(PL_defoutgv))
974 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)(IoFLAGS(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) & IOf_FLUSH) != 0 );
79072805
LW
975 break;
976 case ',':
79072805
LW
977 break;
978 case '\\':
b2ce0fda 979 if (PL_ors_sv)
f28098ff 980 sv_copypv(sv, PL_ors_sv);
79072805 981 break;
79072805 982 case '!':
a5f75d66 983#ifdef VMS
65202027 984 sv_setnv(sv, (NV)((errno == EVMSERR) ? vaxc$errno : errno));
88e89b8a 985 sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
a5f75d66 986#else
88e89b8a 987 {
8772537c 988 const int saveerrno = errno;
65202027 989 sv_setnv(sv, (NV)errno);
88e89b8a 990#ifdef OS2
ed344e4f
IZ
991 if (errno == errno_isOS2 || errno == errno_isOS2_set)
992 sv_setpv(sv, os2error(Perl_rc));
88e89b8a 993 else
a5f75d66 994#endif
666ea192 995 sv_setpv(sv, errno ? Strerror(errno) : "");
88e89b8a
PP
996 errno = saveerrno;
997 }
998#endif
ad3296c6 999 SvRTRIM(sv);
946ec16e 1000 SvNOK_on(sv); /* what a wonderful hack! */
79072805
LW
1001 break;
1002 case '<':
3280af22 1003 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_uid);
79072805
LW
1004 break;
1005 case '>':
3280af22 1006 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_euid);
79072805
LW
1007 break;
1008 case '(':
3280af22 1009 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_gid);
79072805
LW
1010 goto add_groups;
1011 case ')':
3280af22 1012 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)PL_egid);
79072805 1013 add_groups:
79072805 1014#ifdef HAS_GETGROUPS
79072805 1015 {
57d7c65e 1016 Groups_t *gary = NULL;
fb45abb2 1017 I32 i, num_groups = getgroups(0, gary);
57d7c65e
JC
1018 Newx(gary, num_groups, Groups_t);
1019 num_groups = getgroups(num_groups, gary);
fb45abb2
GA
1020 for (i = 0; i < num_groups; i++)
1021 Perl_sv_catpvf(aTHX_ sv, " %"IVdf, (IV)gary[i]);
57d7c65e 1022 Safefree(gary);
79072805 1023 }
155aba94 1024 (void)SvIOK_on(sv); /* what a wonderful hack! */
cd70abae 1025#endif
79072805 1026 break;
cd39f2b6 1027#ifndef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
79072805
LW
1028 case '0':
1029 break;
cd39f2b6 1030#endif
79072805 1031 }
a0d0e21e 1032 return 0;
79072805
LW
1033}
1034
1035int
864dbfa3 1036Perl_magic_getuvar(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1037{
8772537c 1038 struct ufuncs * const uf = (struct ufuncs *)mg->mg_ptr;
79072805
LW
1039
1040 if (uf && uf->uf_val)
24f81a43 1041 (*uf->uf_val)(aTHX_ uf->uf_index, sv);
79072805
LW
1042 return 0;
1043}
1044
1045int
864dbfa3 1046Perl_magic_setenv(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1047{
27da23d5 1048 dVAR;
9ae3433d 1049 STRLEN len = 0, klen;
666ea192 1050 const char *s = SvOK(sv) ? SvPV_const(sv,len) : "";
fabdb6c0 1051 const char * const ptr = MgPV_const(mg,klen);
88e89b8a 1052 my_setenv(ptr, s);
1e422769 1053
a0d0e21e
LW
1054#ifdef DYNAMIC_ENV_FETCH
1055 /* We just undefd an environment var. Is a replacement */
1056 /* waiting in the wings? */
1057 if (!len) {
fabdb6c0
AL
1058 SV ** const valp = hv_fetch(GvHVn(PL_envgv), ptr, klen, FALSE);
1059 if (valp)
4ab59fcc 1060 s = SvOK(*valp) ? SvPV_const(*valp, len) : "";
a0d0e21e
LW
1061 }
1062#endif
1e422769 1063
39e571d4 1064#if !defined(OS2) && !defined(AMIGAOS) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
79072805
LW
1065 /* And you'll never guess what the dog had */
1066 /* in its mouth... */
3280af22 1067 if (PL_tainting) {
1e422769
PP
1068 MgTAINTEDDIR_off(mg);
1069#ifdef VMS
5aabfad6 1070 if (s && klen == 8 && strEQ(ptr, "DCL$PATH")) {
b8ffc8df 1071 char pathbuf[256], eltbuf[256], *cp, *elt;
c623ac67 1072 Stat_t sbuf;
1e422769
PP
1073 int i = 0, j = 0;
1074
6fca0082 1075 my_strlcpy(eltbuf, s, sizeof(eltbuf));
b8ffc8df 1076 elt = eltbuf;
1e422769
PP
1077 do { /* DCL$PATH may be a search list */
1078 while (1) { /* as may dev portion of any element */
1079 if ( ((cp = strchr(elt,'[')) || (cp = strchr(elt,'<'))) ) {
1080 if ( *(cp+1) == '.' || *(cp+1) == '-' ||
1081 cando_by_name(S_IWUSR,0,elt) ) {
1082 MgTAINTEDDIR_on(mg);
1083 return 0;
1084 }
1085 }
bd61b366 1086 if ((cp = strchr(elt, ':')) != NULL)
1e422769
PP
1087 *cp = '\0';
1088 if (my_trnlnm(elt, eltbuf, j++))
1089 elt = eltbuf;
1090 else
1091 break;
1092 }
1093 j = 0;
1094 } while (my_trnlnm(s, pathbuf, i++) && (elt = pathbuf));
1095 }
1096#endif /* VMS */
5aabfad6 1097 if (s && klen == 4 && strEQ(ptr,"PATH")) {
8772537c 1098 const char * const strend = s + len;
463ee0b2
LW
1099
1100 while (s < strend) {
96827780 1101 char tmpbuf[256];
c623ac67 1102 Stat_t st;
5f74f29c 1103 I32 i;
f5a63d97
AL
1104#ifdef VMS /* Hmm. How do we get $Config{path_sep} from C? */
1105 const char path_sep = '|';
1106#else
1107 const char path_sep = ':';
1108#endif
96827780 1109 s = delimcpy(tmpbuf, tmpbuf + sizeof tmpbuf,
427eaa01 1110 s, strend, path_sep, &i);
463ee0b2 1111 s++;
bb7a0f54 1112 if (i >= (I32)sizeof tmpbuf /* too long -- assume the worst */
326b5008
CB
1113#ifdef VMS
1114 || !strchr(tmpbuf, ':') /* no colon thus no device name -- assume relative path */
1115#else
1116 || *tmpbuf != '/' /* no starting slash -- assume relative path */
1117#endif
c6ed36e1 1118 || (PerlLIO_stat(tmpbuf, &st) == 0 && (st.st_mode & 2)) ) {
8990e307 1119 MgTAINTEDDIR_on(mg);
1e422769
PP
1120 return 0;
1121 }
463ee0b2 1122 }
79072805
LW
1123 }
1124 }
39e571d4 1125#endif /* neither OS2 nor AMIGAOS nor WIN32 nor MSDOS */
1e422769 1126
79072805
LW
1127 return 0;
1128}
1129
1130int
864dbfa3 1131Perl_magic_clearenv(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
85e6fe83 1132{
8772537c 1133 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
bd61b366 1134 my_setenv(MgPV_nolen_const(mg),NULL);
85e6fe83
LW
1135 return 0;
1136}
1137
88e89b8a 1138int
864dbfa3 1139Perl_magic_set_all_env(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
fb73857a 1140{
97aff369 1141 dVAR;
65e66c80 1142 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
b0269e46 1143#if defined(VMS)
cea2e8a9 1144 Perl_die(aTHX_ "Can't make list assignment to %%ENV on this system");
fb73857a 1145#else
3280af22 1146 if (PL_localizing) {
fb73857a 1147 HE* entry;
b0269e46 1148 my_clearenv();
fb73857a 1149 hv_iterinit((HV*)sv);
155aba94 1150 while ((entry = hv_iternext((HV*)sv))) {
fb73857a
PP
1151 I32 keylen;
1152 my_setenv(hv_iterkey(entry, &keylen),
b83604b4 1153 SvPV_nolen_const(hv_iterval((HV*)sv, entry)));
fb73857a
PP
1154 }
1155 }
1156#endif
1157 return 0;
1158}
1159
1160int
864dbfa3 1161Perl_magic_clear_all_env(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
66b1d557 1162{
27da23d5 1163 dVAR;
8772537c
AL
1164 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
1165 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
b0269e46
AB
1166#if defined(VMS)
1167 Perl_die(aTHX_ "Can't make list assignment to %%ENV on this system");
1168#else
1169 my_clearenv();
1170#endif
3e3baf6d 1171 return 0;
66b1d557
HM
1172}
1173
64ca3a65 1174#ifndef PERL_MICRO
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1175#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1176static void
1177restore_sigmask(pTHX_ SV *save_sv)
1178{
0bd48802 1179 const sigset_t * const ossetp = (const sigset_t *) SvPV_nolen_const( save_sv );
f5a63d97 1180 (void)sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, ossetp, NULL);
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1181}
1182#endif
66b1d557 1183int
864dbfa3 1184Perl_magic_getsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
88e89b8a 1185{
97aff369 1186 dVAR;
88e89b8a 1187 /* Are we fetching a signal entry? */
8772537c 1188 const I32 i = whichsig(MgPV_nolen_const(mg));
e02bfb16 1189 if (i > 0) {
22c35a8c
GS
1190 if(PL_psig_ptr[i])
1191 sv_setsv(sv,PL_psig_ptr[i]);
88e89b8a 1192 else {
46da273f 1193 Sighandler_t sigstate = rsignal_state(i);
23ada85b 1194#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
46da273f
AL
1195 if (PL_sig_handlers_initted && PL_sig_ignoring[i])
1196 sigstate = SIG_IGN;
2e34cc90
CL
1197#endif
1198#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
46da273f
AL
1199 if (PL_sig_handlers_initted && PL_sig_defaulting[i])
1200 sigstate = SIG_DFL;
85b332e2 1201#endif
88e89b8a 1202 /* cache state so we don't fetch it again */
8aad04aa 1203 if(sigstate == (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN)
6502358f 1204 sv_setpvs(sv,"IGNORE");
88e89b8a 1205 else
3280af22 1206 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
46da273f 1207 PL_psig_ptr[i] = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
88e89b8a
PP
1208 SvTEMP_off(sv);
1209 }
1210 }
1211 return 0;
1212}
1213int
864dbfa3 1214Perl_magic_clearsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
88e89b8a 1215{
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1216 /* XXX Some of this code was copied from Perl_magic_setsig. A little
1217 * refactoring might be in order.
1218 */
27da23d5 1219 dVAR;
8772537c
AL
1220 register const char * const s = MgPV_nolen_const(mg);
1221 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
2d4fcd5e 1222 if (*s == '_') {
cbbf8932 1223 SV** svp = NULL;
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1224 if (strEQ(s,"__DIE__"))
1225 svp = &PL_diehook;
b274dc4e 1226 else if (strEQ(s,"__WARN__") && PL_warnhook != PERL_WARNHOOK_FATAL)
2d4fcd5e 1227 svp = &PL_warnhook;
27da23d5 1228 if (svp && *svp) {
b274dc4e 1229 SV *const to_dec = *svp;
cbbf8932 1230 *svp = NULL;
b274dc4e 1231 SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1232 }
1233 }
1234 else {
2d4fcd5e 1235 /* Are we clearing a signal entry? */
8772537c 1236 const I32 i = whichsig(s);
e02bfb16 1237 if (i > 0) {
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1238#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1239 sigset_t set, save;
1240 SV* save_sv;
1241 /* Avoid having the signal arrive at a bad time, if possible. */
1242 sigemptyset(&set);
1243 sigaddset(&set,i);
1244 sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, &save);
1245 ENTER;
9ff8e806 1246 save_sv = newSVpvn((char *)(&save), sizeof(sigset_t));
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1247 SAVEFREESV(save_sv);
1248 SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(restore_sigmask, save_sv);
1249#endif
1250 PERL_ASYNC_CHECK();
1251#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
27da23d5 1252 if (!PL_sig_handlers_initted) Perl_csighandler_init();
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1253#endif
1254#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
27da23d5 1255 PL_sig_defaulting[i] = 1;
5c1546dc 1256 (void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
2d4fcd5e 1257#else
8aad04aa 1258 (void)rsignal(i, (Sighandler_t) SIG_DFL);
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1259#endif
1260 if(PL_psig_name[i]) {
1261 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_psig_name[i]);
1262 PL_psig_name[i]=0;
1263 }
1264 if(PL_psig_ptr[i]) {
6136c704 1265 SV * const to_dec=PL_psig_ptr[i];
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1266 PL_psig_ptr[i]=0;
1267 LEAVE;
1268 SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
1269 }
1270 else
1271 LEAVE;
1272 }
88e89b8a
PP
1273 }
1274 return 0;
1275}
3d37d572 1276
acd15b85
CB
1277/*
1278 * The signal handling nomenclature has gotten a bit confusing since the advent of
1279 * safe signals. S_raise_signal only raises signals by analogy with what the
1280 * underlying system's signal mechanism does. It might be more proper to say that
1281 * it defers signals that have already been raised and caught.
1282 *
1283 * PL_sig_pending and PL_psig_pend likewise do not track signals that are pending
1284 * in the sense of being on the system's signal queue in between raising and delivery.
1285 * They are only pending on Perl's deferral list, i.e., they track deferred signals
1286 * awaiting delivery after the current Perl opcode completes and say nothing about
1287 * signals raised but not yet caught in the underlying signal implementation.
1288 */
1289
2563cec5
IZ
1290#ifndef SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT
1291# define SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT 120
1292#endif
1293
dd374669
AL
1294static void
1295S_raise_signal(pTHX_ int sig)
0a8e0eff 1296{
97aff369 1297 dVAR;
0a8e0eff
NIS
1298 /* Set a flag to say this signal is pending */
1299 PL_psig_pend[sig]++;
1300 /* And one to say _a_ signal is pending */
2563cec5
IZ
1301 if (++PL_sig_pending >= SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT)
1302 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Maximal count of pending signals (%lu) exceeded",
1303 (unsigned long)SIG_PENDING_DIE_COUNT);
0a8e0eff
NIS
1304}
1305
1306Signal_t
8aad04aa 1307#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
b6455c53 1308Perl_csighandler(int sig, siginfo_t *sip PERL_UNUSED_DECL, void *uap PERL_UNUSED_DECL)
8aad04aa 1309#else
0a8e0eff 1310Perl_csighandler(int sig)
8aad04aa 1311#endif
0a8e0eff 1312{
1018e26f
NIS
1313#ifdef PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT
1314 dTHXa(PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT);
1315#else
85b332e2
CL
1316 dTHX;
1317#endif
fe5bfecd 1318#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
fe5bfecd 1319#endif
23ada85b 1320#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
5c1546dc 1321 (void) rsignal(sig, PL_csighandlerp);
27da23d5 1322 if (PL_sig_ignoring[sig]) return;
85b332e2 1323#endif
2e34cc90 1324#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
27da23d5 1325 if (PL_sig_defaulting[sig])
2e34cc90
CL
1326#ifdef KILL_BY_SIGPRC
1327 exit((Perl_sig_to_vmscondition(sig)&STS$M_COND_ID)|STS$K_SEVERE|STS$M_INHIB_MSG);
1328#else
1329 exit(1);
1330#endif
1331#endif
fe5bfecd 1332#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
fe5bfecd 1333#endif
853d2c32
RGS
1334 if (
1335#ifdef SIGILL
1336 sig == SIGILL ||
1337#endif
1338#ifdef SIGBUS
1339 sig == SIGBUS ||
1340#endif
1341#ifdef SIGSEGV
1342 sig == SIGSEGV ||
1343#endif
1344 (PL_signals & PERL_SIGNALS_UNSAFE_FLAG))
4ffa73a3
JH
1345 /* Call the perl level handler now--
1346 * with risk we may be in malloc() etc. */
6e324d09 1347#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
80626cf1 1348 (*PL_sighandlerp)(sig, NULL, NULL);
6e324d09
CB
1349#else
1350 (*PL_sighandlerp)(sig);
92807b6d 1351#endif
4ffa73a3 1352 else
dd374669 1353 S_raise_signal(aTHX_ sig);
0a8e0eff
NIS
1354}
1355
2e34cc90
CL
1356#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
1357void
1358Perl_csighandler_init(void)
1359{
1360 int sig;
27da23d5 1361 if (PL_sig_handlers_initted) return;
2e34cc90
CL
1362
1363 for (sig = 1; sig < SIG_SIZE; sig++) {
1364#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
218fdd94 1365 dTHX;
27da23d5 1366 PL_sig_defaulting[sig] = 1;
5c1546dc 1367 (void) rsignal(sig, PL_csighandlerp);
2e34cc90
CL
1368#endif
1369#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
27da23d5 1370 PL_sig_ignoring[sig] = 0;
2e34cc90
CL
1371#endif
1372 }
27da23d5 1373 PL_sig_handlers_initted = 1;
2e34cc90
CL
1374}
1375#endif
1376
0a8e0eff
NIS
1377void
1378Perl_despatch_signals(pTHX)
1379{
97aff369 1380 dVAR;
0a8e0eff
NIS
1381 int sig;
1382 PL_sig_pending = 0;
1383 for (sig = 1; sig < SIG_SIZE; sig++) {
1384 if (PL_psig_pend[sig]) {
25da4428
JH
1385 PERL_BLOCKSIG_ADD(set, sig);
1386 PL_psig_pend[sig] = 0;
1387 PERL_BLOCKSIG_BLOCK(set);
6e324d09 1388#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
80626cf1 1389 (*PL_sighandlerp)(sig, NULL, NULL);
6e324d09
CB
1390#else
1391 (*PL_sighandlerp)(sig);
92807b6d 1392#endif
25da4428 1393 PERL_BLOCKSIG_UNBLOCK(set);
0a8e0eff
NIS
1394 }
1395 }
1396}
1397
85e6fe83 1398int
864dbfa3 1399Perl_magic_setsig(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1400{
27da23d5 1401 dVAR;
79072805 1402 I32 i;
cbbf8932 1403 SV** svp = NULL;
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1404 /* Need to be careful with SvREFCNT_dec(), because that can have side
1405 * effects (due to closures). We must make sure that the new disposition
1406 * is in place before it is called.
1407 */
cbbf8932 1408 SV* to_dec = NULL;
e72dc28c 1409 STRLEN len;
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1410#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1411 sigset_t set, save;
1412 SV* save_sv;
1413#endif
a0d0e21e 1414
d5263905 1415 register const char *s = MgPV_const(mg,len);
748a9306
LW
1416 if (*s == '_') {
1417 if (strEQ(s,"__DIE__"))
3280af22 1418 svp = &PL_diehook;
748a9306 1419 else if (strEQ(s,"__WARN__"))
3280af22 1420 svp = &PL_warnhook;
748a9306 1421 else
cea2e8a9 1422 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "No such hook: %s", s);
748a9306 1423 i = 0;
4633a7c4 1424 if (*svp) {
9289f461
RGS
1425 if (*svp != PERL_WARNHOOK_FATAL)
1426 to_dec = *svp;
cbbf8932 1427 *svp = NULL;
4633a7c4 1428 }
748a9306
LW
1429 }
1430 else {
1431 i = whichsig(s); /* ...no, a brick */
86d86cad 1432 if (i <= 0) {
e476b1b5 1433 if (ckWARN(WARN_SIGNAL))
9014280d 1434 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SIGNAL), "No such signal: SIG%s", s);
748a9306
LW
1435 return 0;
1436 }
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1437#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1438 /* Avoid having the signal arrive at a bad time, if possible. */
1439 sigemptyset(&set);
1440 sigaddset(&set,i);
1441 sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, &save);
1442 ENTER;
9ff8e806 1443 save_sv = newSVpvn((char *)(&save), sizeof(sigset_t));
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1444 SAVEFREESV(save_sv);
1445 SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(restore_sigmask, save_sv);
1446#endif
1447 PERL_ASYNC_CHECK();
2e34cc90 1448#if defined(FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS) || defined(FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS)
27da23d5 1449 if (!PL_sig_handlers_initted) Perl_csighandler_init();
2e34cc90 1450#endif
23ada85b 1451#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
27da23d5 1452 PL_sig_ignoring[i] = 0;
85b332e2 1453#endif
2e34cc90 1454#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
27da23d5 1455 PL_sig_defaulting[i] = 0;
2e34cc90 1456#endif
22c35a8c 1457 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_psig_name[i]);
2d4fcd5e 1458 to_dec = PL_psig_ptr[i];
46da273f 1459 PL_psig_ptr[i] = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
88e89b8a 1460 SvTEMP_off(sv); /* Make sure it doesn't go away on us */
e72dc28c 1461 PL_psig_name[i] = newSVpvn(s, len);
22c35a8c 1462 SvREADONLY_on(PL_psig_name[i]);
748a9306 1463 }
a0d0e21e 1464 if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVGV || SvROK(sv)) {
2d4fcd5e 1465 if (i) {
5c1546dc 1466 (void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1467#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1468 LEAVE;
1469#endif
1470 }
748a9306 1471 else
b37c2d43 1472 *svp = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1473 if(to_dec)
1474 SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
a0d0e21e
LW
1475 return 0;
1476 }
baf38871 1477 s = SvOK(sv) ? SvPV_force(sv,len) : "DEFAULT";
748a9306 1478 if (strEQ(s,"IGNORE")) {
85b332e2 1479 if (i) {
23ada85b 1480#ifdef FAKE_PERSISTENT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
27da23d5 1481 PL_sig_ignoring[i] = 1;
5c1546dc 1482 (void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
85b332e2 1483#else
8aad04aa 1484 (void)rsignal(i, (Sighandler_t) SIG_IGN);
85b332e2 1485#endif
2d4fcd5e 1486 }
748a9306
LW
1487 }
1488 else if (strEQ(s,"DEFAULT") || !*s) {
1489 if (i)
2e34cc90
CL
1490#ifdef FAKE_DEFAULT_SIGNAL_HANDLERS
1491 {
27da23d5 1492 PL_sig_defaulting[i] = 1;
5c1546dc 1493 (void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
2e34cc90
CL
1494 }
1495#else
8aad04aa 1496 (void)rsignal(i, (Sighandler_t) SIG_DFL);
2e34cc90 1497#endif
748a9306 1498 }
79072805 1499 else {
5aabfad6
PP
1500 /*
1501 * We should warn if HINT_STRICT_REFS, but without
1502 * access to a known hint bit in a known OP, we can't
1503 * tell whether HINT_STRICT_REFS is in force or not.
1504 */
46fc3d4c 1505 if (!strchr(s,':') && !strchr(s,'\''))
89529cee 1506 Perl_sv_insert(aTHX_ sv, 0, 0, STR_WITH_LEN("main::"));
748a9306 1507 if (i)
5c1546dc 1508 (void)rsignal(i, PL_csighandlerp);
748a9306 1509 else
46da273f 1510 *svp = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(sv);
79072805 1511 }
2d4fcd5e
AJ
1512#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1513 if(i)
1514 LEAVE;
1515#endif
1516 if(to_dec)
1517 SvREFCNT_dec(to_dec);
79072805
LW
1518 return 0;
1519}
64ca3a65 1520#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
79072805
LW
1521
1522int
864dbfa3 1523Perl_magic_setisa(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1524{
97aff369 1525 dVAR;
08aeb9f7 1526 HV* stash;
8772537c 1527 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
e1a479c5 1528
08aeb9f7
BB
1529 /* Bail out if destruction is going on */
1530 if(PL_dirty) return 0;
1531
89c14e2e
BB
1532 /* Skip _isaelem because _isa will handle it shortly */
1533 if (PL_delaymagic & DM_ARRAY && mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_isaelem)
1534 return 0;
1535
70cd14a1
CB
1536 /* XXX Once it's possible, we need to
1537 detect that our @ISA is aliased in
1538 other stashes, and act on the stashes
1539 of all of the aliases */
1540
e1a479c5
BB
1541 /* The first case occurs via setisa,
1542 the second via setisa_elem, which
1543 calls this same magic */
08aeb9f7
BB
1544 stash = GvSTASH(
1545 SvTYPE(mg->mg_obj) == SVt_PVGV
1546 ? (GV*)mg->mg_obj
1547 : (GV*)SvMAGIC(mg->mg_obj)->mg_obj
e1a479c5
BB
1548 );
1549
89c14e2e 1550 mro_isa_changed_in(stash);
08aeb9f7 1551
463ee0b2
LW
1552 return 0;
1553}
1554
1555int
864dbfa3 1556Perl_magic_setamagic(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
463ee0b2 1557{
97aff369 1558 dVAR;
8772537c
AL
1559 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
1560 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
3280af22 1561 PL_amagic_generation++;
463ee0b2 1562
a0d0e21e
LW
1563 return 0;
1564}
463ee0b2 1565
946ec16e 1566int
864dbfa3 1567Perl_magic_getnkeys(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
6ff81951 1568{
dd374669 1569 HV * const hv = (HV*)LvTARG(sv);
6ff81951 1570 I32 i = 0;
8772537c 1571 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
7719e241 1572
6ff81951 1573 if (hv) {
497b47a8
JH
1574 (void) hv_iterinit(hv);
1575 if (! SvTIED_mg((SV*)hv, PERL_MAGIC_tied))
1576 i = HvKEYS(hv);
1577 else {
1578 while (hv_iternext(hv))
1579 i++;
1580 }
6ff81951
GS
1581 }
1582
1583 sv_setiv(sv, (IV)i);
1584 return 0;
1585}
1586
1587int
864dbfa3 1588Perl_magic_setnkeys(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
946ec16e 1589{
8772537c 1590 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
946ec16e
PP
1591 if (LvTARG(sv)) {
1592 hv_ksplit((HV*)LvTARG(sv), SvIV(sv));
946ec16e
PP
1593 }
1594 return 0;
ac27b0f5 1595}
946ec16e 1596
e336de0d 1597/* caller is responsible for stack switching/cleanup */
565764a8 1598STATIC int
e1ec3a88 1599S_magic_methcall(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg, const char *meth, I32 flags, int n, SV *val)
a0d0e21e 1600{
97aff369 1601 dVAR;
a0d0e21e 1602 dSP;
463ee0b2 1603
924508f0
GS
1604 PUSHMARK(SP);
1605 EXTEND(SP, n);
33c27489 1606 PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
ac27b0f5 1607 if (n > 1) {
93965878 1608 if (mg->mg_ptr) {
565764a8 1609 if (mg->mg_len >= 0)
79cb57f6 1610 PUSHs(sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len)));
565764a8 1611 else if (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY)
93965878
NIS
1612 PUSHs((SV*)mg->mg_ptr);
1613 }
14befaf4 1614 else if (mg->mg_type == PERL_MAGIC_tiedelem) {
565764a8 1615 PUSHs(sv_2mortal(newSViv(mg->mg_len)));
93965878
NIS
1616 }
1617 }
1618 if (n > 2) {
1619 PUSHs(val);
88e89b8a 1620 }
463ee0b2
LW
1621 PUTBACK;
1622
864dbfa3 1623 return call_method(meth, flags);
946ec16e
PP
1624}
1625
76e3520e 1626STATIC int
e1ec3a88 1627S_magic_methpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg, const char *meth)
a0d0e21e 1628{
27da23d5 1629 dVAR; dSP;
463ee0b2 1630
a0d0e21e
LW
1631 ENTER;
1632 SAVETMPS;
e788e7d3 1633 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
463ee0b2 1634
33c27489 1635 if (magic_methcall(sv, mg, meth, G_SCALAR, 2, NULL)) {
3280af22 1636 sv_setsv(sv, *PL_stack_sp--);
93965878 1637 }
463ee0b2 1638
d3acc0f7 1639 POPSTACK;
a0d0e21e
LW
1640 FREETMPS;
1641 LEAVE;
1642 return 0;
1643}
463ee0b2 1644
a0d0e21e 1645int
864dbfa3 1646Perl_magic_getpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
a0d0e21e 1647{
a0d0e21e
LW
1648 if (mg->mg_ptr)
1649 mg->mg_flags |= MGf_GSKIP;
58f82c5c 1650 magic_methpack(sv,mg,"FETCH");
463ee0b2
LW
1651 return 0;
1652}
1653
1654int
864dbfa3 1655Perl_magic_setpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
e336de0d 1656{
27da23d5 1657 dVAR; dSP;
a60c0954 1658 ENTER;
e788e7d3 1659 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
33c27489 1660 magic_methcall(sv, mg, "STORE", G_SCALAR|G_DISCARD, 3, sv);
d3acc0f7 1661 POPSTACK;
a60c0954 1662 LEAVE;
463ee0b2
LW
1663 return 0;
1664}
1665
1666int
864dbfa3 1667Perl_magic_clearpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
463ee0b2 1668{
a0d0e21e
LW
1669 return magic_methpack(sv,mg,"DELETE");
1670}
463ee0b2 1671
93965878
NIS
1672
1673U32
864dbfa3 1674Perl_magic_sizepack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
ac27b0f5 1675{
27da23d5 1676 dVAR; dSP;
22846ab4 1677 I32 retval = 0;
93965878
NIS
1678
1679 ENTER;
1680 SAVETMPS;
e788e7d3 1681 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
33c27489 1682 if (magic_methcall(sv, mg, "FETCHSIZE", G_SCALAR, 2, NULL)) {
3280af22 1683 sv = *PL_stack_sp--;
22846ab4
AB
1684 retval = SvIV(sv)-1;
1685 if (retval < -1)
1686 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "FETCHSIZE returned a negative value");
93965878 1687 }
d3acc0f7 1688 POPSTACK;
93965878
NIS
1689 FREETMPS;
1690 LEAVE;
22846ab4 1691 return (U32) retval;
93965878
NIS
1692}
1693
cea2e8a9
GS
1694int
1695Perl_magic_wipepack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
a0d0e21e 1696{
27da23d5 1697 dVAR; dSP;
463ee0b2 1698
e336de0d 1699 ENTER;
e788e7d3 1700 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
924508f0 1701 PUSHMARK(SP);
33c27489 1702 XPUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
463ee0b2 1703 PUTBACK;
864dbfa3 1704 call_method("CLEAR", G_SCALAR|G_DISCARD);
d3acc0f7 1705 POPSTACK;
a60c0954 1706 LEAVE;
a3bcc51e 1707
463ee0b2
LW
1708 return 0;
1709}
1710
1711int
864dbfa3 1712Perl_magic_nextpack(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg, SV *key)
463ee0b2 1713{
27da23d5 1714 dVAR; dSP;
666ea192 1715 const char * const meth = SvOK(key) ? "NEXTKEY" : "FIRSTKEY";
463ee0b2
LW
1716
1717 ENTER;
a0d0e21e 1718 SAVETMPS;
e788e7d3 1719 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
924508f0
GS
1720 PUSHMARK(SP);
1721 EXTEND(SP, 2);
33c27489 1722 PUSHs(SvTIED_obj(sv, mg));
463ee0b2
LW
1723 if (SvOK(key))
1724 PUSHs(key);
1725 PUTBACK;
1726
864dbfa3 1727 if (call_method(meth, G_SCALAR))
3280af22 1728 sv_setsv(key, *PL_stack_sp--);
463ee0b2 1729
d3acc0f7 1730 POPSTACK;
a0d0e21e
LW
1731 FREETMPS;
1732 LEAVE;
79072805
LW
1733 return 0;
1734}
1735
1736int
1146e912 1737Perl_magic_existspack(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg)
a0d0e21e
LW
1738{
1739 return magic_methpack(sv,mg,"EXISTS");
ac27b0f5 1740}
a0d0e21e 1741
a3bcc51e
TP
1742SV *
1743Perl_magic_scalarpack(pTHX_ HV *hv, MAGIC *mg)
1744{
27da23d5 1745 dVAR; dSP;
5fcbf73d 1746 SV *retval;
8772537c
AL
1747 SV * const tied = SvTIED_obj((SV*)hv, mg);
1748 HV * const pkg = SvSTASH((SV*)SvRV(tied));
a3bcc51e
TP
1749
1750 if (!gv_fetchmethod_autoload(pkg, "SCALAR", FALSE)) {
1751 SV *key;
bfcb3514 1752 if (HvEITER_get(hv))
a3bcc51e
TP
1753 /* we are in an iteration so the hash cannot be empty */
1754 return &PL_sv_yes;
1755 /* no xhv_eiter so now use FIRSTKEY */
1756 key = sv_newmortal();
1757 magic_nextpack((SV*)hv, mg, key);
bfcb3514 1758 HvEITER_set(hv, NULL); /* need to reset iterator */
a3bcc51e
TP
1759 return SvOK(key) ? &PL_sv_yes : &PL_sv_no;
1760 }
1761
1762 /* there is a SCALAR method that we can call */
1763 ENTER;
1764 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
1765 PUSHMARK(SP);
1766 EXTEND(SP, 1);
1767 PUSHs(tied);
1768 PUTBACK;
1769
1770 if (call_method("SCALAR", G_SCALAR))
1771 retval = *PL_stack_sp--;
5fcbf73d
AL
1772 else
1773 retval = &PL_sv_undef;
a3bcc51e
TP
1774 POPSTACK;
1775 LEAVE;
1776 return retval;
1777}
1778
a0d0e21e 1779int
864dbfa3 1780Perl_magic_setdbline(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1781{
97aff369 1782 dVAR;
8772537c
AL
1783 GV * const gv = PL_DBline;
1784 const I32 i = SvTRUE(sv);
1785 SV ** const svp = av_fetch(GvAV(gv),
01b8bcb7 1786 atoi(MgPV_nolen_const(mg)), FALSE);
8772537c
AL
1787 if (svp && SvIOKp(*svp)) {
1788 OP * const o = INT2PTR(OP*,SvIVX(*svp));
1789 if (o) {
1790 /* set or clear breakpoint in the relevant control op */
1791 if (i)
1792 o->op_flags |= OPf_SPECIAL;
1793 else
1794 o->op_flags &= ~OPf_SPECIAL;
1795 }
5df8de69 1796 }
79072805
LW
1797 return 0;
1798}
1799
1800int
8772537c 1801Perl_magic_getarylen(pTHX_ SV *sv, const MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1802{
97aff369 1803 dVAR;
8772537c 1804 const AV * const obj = (AV*)mg->mg_obj;
83bf042f 1805 if (obj) {
fc15ae8f 1806 sv_setiv(sv, AvFILL(obj) + CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
83bf042f
NC
1807 } else {
1808 SvOK_off(sv);
1809 }
79072805
LW
1810 return 0;
1811}
1812
1813int
864dbfa3 1814Perl_magic_setarylen(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1815{
97aff369 1816 dVAR;
8772537c 1817 AV * const obj = (AV*)mg->mg_obj;
83bf042f 1818 if (obj) {
fc15ae8f 1819 av_fill(obj, SvIV(sv) - CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
83bf042f
NC
1820 } else {
1821 if (ckWARN(WARN_MISC))
1822 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_MISC),
1823 "Attempt to set length of freed array");
1824 }
1825 return 0;
1826}
1827
1828int
1829Perl_magic_freearylen_p(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
1830{
97aff369 1831 dVAR;
53c1dcc0 1832 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
94f3782b
DM
1833 /* during global destruction, mg_obj may already have been freed */
1834 if (PL_in_clean_all)
1ea47f64 1835 return 0;
94f3782b 1836
83bf042f
NC
1837 mg = mg_find (mg->mg_obj, PERL_MAGIC_arylen);
1838
1839 if (mg) {
1840 /* arylen scalar holds a pointer back to the array, but doesn't own a
1841 reference. Hence the we (the array) are about to go away with it
1842 still pointing at us. Clear its pointer, else it would be pointing
1843 at free memory. See the comment in sv_magic about reference loops,
1844 and why it can't own a reference to us. */
1845 mg->mg_obj = 0;
1846 }
a0d0e21e
LW
1847 return 0;
1848}
1849
1850int
864dbfa3 1851Perl_magic_getpos(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
a0d0e21e 1852{
97aff369 1853 dVAR;
8772537c 1854 SV* const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
3881461a 1855 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
ac27b0f5 1856
a0d0e21e 1857 if (SvTYPE(lsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(lsv)) {
3881461a
AL
1858 MAGIC * const found = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
1859 if (found && found->mg_len >= 0) {
1860 I32 i = found->mg_len;
7e2040f0 1861 if (DO_UTF8(lsv))
a0ed51b3 1862 sv_pos_b2u(lsv, &i);
fc15ae8f 1863 sv_setiv(sv, i + CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop));
a0d0e21e
LW
1864 return 0;
1865 }
1866 }
0c34ef67 1867 SvOK_off(sv);
a0d0e21e
LW
1868 return 0;
1869}
1870
1871int
864dbfa3 1872Perl_magic_setpos(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
a0d0e21e 1873{
97aff369 1874 dVAR;
8772537c 1875 SV* const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
a0d0e21e
LW
1876 SSize_t pos;
1877 STRLEN len;
c00206c8 1878 STRLEN ulen = 0;
53d44271 1879 MAGIC* found;
a0d0e21e 1880
3881461a 1881 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
ac27b0f5 1882
a0d0e21e 1883 if (SvTYPE(lsv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(lsv))
3881461a
AL
1884 found = mg_find(lsv, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global);
1885 else
1886 found = NULL;
1887 if (!found) {
a0d0e21e
LW
1888 if (!SvOK(sv))
1889 return 0;
d83f0a82
NC
1890#ifdef PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE
1891 if (SvIsCOW(lsv))
1892 sv_force_normal_flags(lsv, 0);
1893#endif
3881461a 1894 found = sv_magicext(lsv, NULL, PERL_MAGIC_regex_global, &PL_vtbl_mglob,
53d44271 1895 NULL, 0);
a0d0e21e
LW
1896 }
1897 else if (!SvOK(sv)) {
3881461a 1898 found->mg_len = -1;
a0d0e21e
LW
1899 return 0;
1900 }
1901 len = SvPOK(lsv) ? SvCUR(lsv) : sv_len(lsv);
1902
fc15ae8f 1903 pos = SvIV(sv) - CopARYBASE_get(PL_curcop);
a0ed51b3 1904
7e2040f0 1905 if (DO_UTF8(lsv)) {
a0ed51b3
LW
1906 ulen = sv_len_utf8(lsv);
1907 if (ulen)
1908 len = ulen;
a0ed51b3
LW
1909 }
1910
a0d0e21e
LW
1911 if (pos < 0) {
1912 pos += len;
1913 if (pos < 0)
1914 pos = 0;
1915 }
eb160463 1916 else if (pos > (SSize_t)len)
a0d0e21e 1917 pos = len;
a0ed51b3
LW
1918
1919 if (ulen) {
1920 I32 p = pos;
1921 sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &p, 0);
1922 pos = p;
1923 }
727405f8 1924
3881461a
AL
1925 found->mg_len = pos;
1926 found->mg_flags &= ~MGf_MINMATCH;
a0d0e21e 1927
79072805
LW
1928 return 0;
1929}
1930
1931int
864dbfa3 1932Perl_magic_getsubstr(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
6ff81951
GS
1933{
1934 STRLEN len;
35a4481c 1935 SV * const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
b83604b4 1936 const char * const tmps = SvPV_const(lsv,len);
6ff81951
GS
1937 I32 offs = LvTARGOFF(sv);
1938 I32 rem = LvTARGLEN(sv);
8772537c 1939 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
6ff81951 1940
9aa983d2
JH
1941 if (SvUTF8(lsv))
1942 sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &offs, &rem);
eb160463 1943 if (offs > (I32)len)
6ff81951 1944 offs = len;
eb160463 1945 if (rem + offs > (I32)len)
6ff81951
GS
1946 rem = len - offs;
1947 sv_setpvn(sv, tmps + offs, (STRLEN)rem);
9aa983d2 1948 if (SvUTF8(lsv))
2ef4b674 1949 SvUTF8_on(sv);
6ff81951
GS
1950 return 0;
1951}
1952
1953int
864dbfa3 1954Perl_magic_setsubstr(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 1955{
97aff369 1956 dVAR;
9aa983d2 1957 STRLEN len;
5fcbf73d 1958 const char * const tmps = SvPV_const(sv, len);
dd374669 1959 SV * const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
9aa983d2
JH
1960 I32 lvoff = LvTARGOFF(sv);
1961 I32 lvlen = LvTARGLEN(sv);
8772537c 1962 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
075a4a2b 1963
1aa99e6b 1964 if (DO_UTF8(sv)) {
9aa983d2
JH
1965 sv_utf8_upgrade(lsv);
1966 sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &lvoff, &lvlen);
1967 sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);
b76f3ce2 1968 LvTARGLEN(sv) = sv_len_utf8(sv);
9aa983d2
JH
1969 SvUTF8_on(lsv);
1970 }
9bf12eaf 1971 else if (lsv && SvUTF8(lsv)) {
5fcbf73d 1972 const char *utf8;
9aa983d2 1973 sv_pos_u2b(lsv, &lvoff, &lvlen);
b76f3ce2 1974 LvTARGLEN(sv) = len;
5fcbf73d
AL
1975 utf8 = (char*)bytes_to_utf8((U8*)tmps, &len);
1976 sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, utf8, len);
1977 Safefree(utf8);
1aa99e6b 1978 }
b76f3ce2
GB
1979 else {
1980 sv_insert(lsv, lvoff, lvlen, tmps, len);
1981 LvTARGLEN(sv) = len;
1982 }
1983
1aa99e6b 1984
79072805
LW
1985 return 0;
1986}
1987
1988int
864dbfa3 1989Perl_magic_gettaint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
463ee0b2 1990{
97aff369 1991 dVAR;
8772537c 1992 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
27cc343c 1993 TAINT_IF((PL_localizing != 1) && (mg->mg_len & 1));
463ee0b2
LW
1994 return 0;
1995}
1996
1997int
864dbfa3 1998Perl_magic_settaint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
463ee0b2 1999{
97aff369 2000 dVAR;
8772537c 2001 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
b01e650a
DM
2002 /* update taint status */
2003 if (PL_tainted)
2004 mg->mg_len |= 1;
2005 else
2006 mg->mg_len &= ~1;
463ee0b2
LW
2007 return 0;
2008}
2009
2010int
864dbfa3 2011Perl_magic_getvec(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
6ff81951 2012{
35a4481c 2013 SV * const lsv = LvTARG(sv);
8772537c 2014 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
6ff81951 2015
6136c704
AL
2016 if (lsv)
2017 sv_setuv(sv, do_vecget(lsv, LvTARGOFF(sv), LvTARGLEN(sv)));
2018 else
0c34ef67 2019 SvOK_off(sv);
6ff81951 2020
6ff81951
GS
2021 return 0;
2022}
2023
2024int
864dbfa3 2025Perl_magic_setvec(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 2026{
8772537c 2027 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
79072805
LW
2028 do_vecset(sv); /* XXX slurp this routine */
2029 return 0;
2030}
2031
2032int
864dbfa3 2033Perl_magic_getdefelem(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
5f05dabc 2034{
97aff369 2035 dVAR;
a0714e2c 2036 SV *targ = NULL;
5f05dabc 2037 if (LvTARGLEN(sv)) {
68dc0745 2038 if (mg->mg_obj) {
8772537c
AL
2039 SV * const ahv = LvTARG(sv);
2040 HE * const he = hv_fetch_ent((HV*)ahv, mg->mg_obj, FALSE, 0);
6d822dc4
MS
2041 if (he)
2042 targ = HeVAL(he);
68dc0745
PP
2043 }
2044 else {
8772537c 2045 AV* const av = (AV*)LvTARG(sv);
68dc0745
PP
2046 if ((I32)LvTARGOFF(sv) <= AvFILL(av))
2047 targ = AvARRAY(av)[LvTARGOFF(sv)];
2048 }
46da273f 2049 if (targ && (targ != &PL_sv_undef)) {
68dc0745
PP
2050 /* somebody else defined it for us */
2051 SvREFCNT_dec(LvTARG(sv));
b37c2d43 2052 LvTARG(sv) = SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN(targ);
68dc0745
PP
2053 LvTARGLEN(sv) = 0;
2054 SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
a0714e2c 2055 mg->mg_obj = NULL;
68dc0745
PP
2056 mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_REFCOUNTED;
2057 }
5f05dabc 2058 }
71be2cbc
PP
2059 else
2060 targ = LvTARG(sv);
3280af22 2061 sv_setsv(sv, targ ? targ : &PL_sv_undef);
71be2cbc
PP
2062 return 0;
2063}
2064
2065int
864dbfa3 2066Perl_magic_setdefelem(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
71be2cbc 2067{
8772537c 2068 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(mg);
71be2cbc 2069 if (LvTARGLEN(sv))
68dc0745
PP
2070 vivify_defelem(sv);
2071 if (LvTARG(sv)) {
5f05dabc 2072 sv_setsv(LvTARG(sv), sv);
68dc0745
PP
2073 SvSETMAGIC(LvTARG(sv));
2074 }
5f05dabc
PP
2075 return 0;
2076}
2077
71be2cbc 2078void
864dbfa3 2079Perl_vivify_defelem(pTHX_ SV *sv)
71be2cbc 2080{
97aff369 2081 dVAR;
74e13ce4 2082 MAGIC *mg;
a0714e2c 2083 SV *value = NULL;
71be2cbc 2084
14befaf4 2085 if (!LvTARGLEN(sv) || !(mg = mg_find(sv, PERL_MAGIC_defelem)))
71be2cbc 2086 return;
68dc0745 2087 if (mg->mg_obj) {
8772537c
AL
2088 SV * const ahv = LvTARG(sv);
2089 HE * const he = hv_fetch_ent((HV*)ahv, mg->mg_obj, TRUE, 0);
6d822dc4
MS
2090 if (he)
2091 value = HeVAL(he);
3280af22 2092 if (!value || value == &PL_sv_undef)
be2597df 2093 Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_helem_sv, SVfARG(mg->mg_obj));
71be2cbc 2094 }
68dc0745 2095 else {
8772537c 2096 AV* const av = (AV*)LvTARG(sv);
5aabfad6 2097 if ((I32)LvTARGLEN(sv) < 0 && (I32)LvTARGOFF(sv) > AvFILL(av))
a0714e2c 2098 LvTARG(sv) = NULL; /* array can't be extended */
68dc0745 2099 else {
d4c19fe8 2100 SV* const * const svp = av_fetch(av, LvTARGOFF(sv), TRUE);
3280af22 2101 if (!svp || (value = *svp) == &PL_sv_undef)
cea2e8a9 2102 Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_aelem, (I32)LvTARGOFF(sv));
68dc0745
PP
2103 }
2104 }
b37c2d43 2105 SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(value);
68dc0745
PP
2106 SvREFCNT_dec(LvTARG(sv));
2107 LvTARG(sv) = value;
71be2cbc 2108 LvTARGLEN(sv) = 0;
68dc0745 2109 SvREFCNT_dec(mg->mg_obj);
a0714e2c 2110 mg->mg_obj = NULL;
68dc0745 2111 mg->mg_flags &= ~MGf_REFCOUNTED;
5f05dabc
PP
2112}
2113
2114int
864dbfa3 2115Perl_magic_killbackrefs(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
810b8aa5 2116{
86f55936 2117 return Perl_sv_kill_backrefs(aTHX_ sv, (AV*)mg->mg_obj);
810b8aa5
GS
2118}
2119
2120int
864dbfa3 2121Perl_magic_setmglob(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
93a17b20 2122{
96a5add6 2123 PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
565764a8 2124 mg->mg_len = -1;
c6496cc7 2125 SvSCREAM_off(sv);
93a17b20
LW
2126 return 0;
2127}
2128
2129int
864dbfa3 2130Perl_magic_setuvar(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 2131{
35a4481c 2132 const struct ufuncs * const uf = (struct ufuncs *)mg->mg_ptr;
79072805
LW
2133
2134 if (uf && uf->uf_set)
24f81a43 2135 (*uf->uf_set)(aTHX_ uf->uf_index, sv);
79072805
LW
2136 return 0;
2137}
2138
c277df42 2139int
faf82a0b
AE
2140Perl_magic_setregexp(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
2141{
488344d2
NC
2142 const char type = mg->mg_type;
2143 if (type == PERL_MAGIC_qr) {
2144 } else if (type == PERL_MAGIC_bm) {
2145 SvTAIL_off(sv);
2146 SvVALID_off(sv);
2147 } else {
2148 assert(type == PERL_MAGIC_fm);
2149 SvCOMPILED_off(sv);
2150 }
2151 return sv_unmagic(sv, type);
faf82a0b
AE
2152}
2153
2154int
864dbfa3 2155Perl_magic_freeregexp(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
c277df42 2156{
97aff369 2157 dVAR;
8772537c
AL
2158 regexp * const re = (regexp *)mg->mg_obj;
2159 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
2160
c277df42
IZ
2161 ReREFCNT_dec(re);
2162 return 0;
2163}
2164
7a4c00b4 2165#ifdef USE_LOCALE_COLLATE
79072805 2166int
864dbfa3 2167Perl_magic_setcollxfrm(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
bbce6d69
PP
2168{
2169 /*
838b5b74 2170 * RenE<eacute> Descartes said "I think not."
bbce6d69
PP
2171 * and vanished with a faint plop.
2172 */
96a5add6 2173 PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
8772537c 2174 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
7a4c00b4
PP
2175 if (mg->mg_ptr) {
2176 Safefree(mg->mg_ptr);
2177 mg->mg_ptr = NULL;
565764a8 2178 mg->mg_len = -1;
7a4c00b4 2179 }
bbce6d69
PP
2180 return 0;
2181}
7a4c00b4 2182#endif /* USE_LOCALE_COLLATE */
bbce6d69 2183
7e8c5dac
HS
2184/* Just clear the UTF-8 cache data. */
2185int
2186Perl_magic_setutf8(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
2187{
96a5add6 2188 PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
8772537c 2189 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
7e8c5dac 2190 Safefree(mg->mg_ptr); /* The mg_ptr holds the pos cache. */
3881461a 2191 mg->mg_ptr = NULL;
7e8c5dac
HS
2192 mg->mg_len = -1; /* The mg_len holds the len cache. */
2193 return 0;
2194}
2195
bbce6d69 2196int
864dbfa3 2197Perl_magic_set(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
79072805 2198{
97aff369 2199 dVAR;
e1ec3a88 2200 register const char *s;
2fdbfb4d
AB
2201 register I32 paren;
2202 register const REGEXP * rx;
2203 const char * const remaining = mg->mg_ptr + 1;
79072805 2204 I32 i;
8990e307 2205 STRLEN len;
2fdbfb4d 2206
79072805 2207 switch (*mg->mg_ptr) {
2fdbfb4d
AB
2208 case '\015': /* $^MATCH */
2209 if (strEQ(remaining, "ATCH"))
2210 goto do_match;
2211 case '`': /* ${^PREMATCH} caught below */
2212 do_prematch:
f1b875a0 2213 paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_PREMATCH;
2fdbfb4d
AB
2214 goto setparen;
2215 case '\'': /* ${^POSTMATCH} caught below */
2216 do_postmatch:
f1b875a0 2217 paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_POSTMATCH;
2fdbfb4d
AB
2218 goto setparen;
2219 case '&':
2220 do_match:
f1b875a0 2221 paren = RX_BUFF_IDX_FULLMATCH;
2fdbfb4d
AB
2222 goto setparen;
2223 case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
2224 case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
104a8018 2225 paren = atoi(mg->mg_ptr);
2fdbfb4d 2226 setparen:
1e05feb3 2227 if (PL_curpm && (rx = PM_GETRE(PL_curpm))) {
2fdbfb4d
AB
2228 CALLREG_NUMBUF_STORE((REGEXP * const)rx,paren,sv);
2229 break;
1e05feb3 2230 } else {
2fdbfb4d
AB
2231 /* Croak with a READONLY error when a numbered match var is
2232 * set without a previous pattern match. Unless it's C<local $1>
2233 */
2234 if (!PL_localizing) {
2235 Perl_croak(aTHX_ PL_no_modify);
2236 }
2237 }
748a9306 2238 case '\001': /* ^A */
3280af22 2239 sv_setsv(PL_bodytarget, sv);
748a9306 2240 break;
49460fe6 2241 case '\003': /* ^C */
38ab35f8 2242 PL_minus_c = (bool)SvIV(sv);
49460fe6
NIS
2243 break;
2244
79072805 2245 case '\004': /* ^D */
b4ab917c 2246#ifdef DEBUGGING
b83604b4 2247 s = SvPV_nolen_const(sv);
ddcf8bc1 2248 PL_debug = get_debug_opts(&s, 0) | DEBUG_TOP_FLAG;
79072805 2249 DEBUG_x(dump_all());
b4ab917c 2250#else
38ab35f8 2251 PL_debug = (SvIV(sv)) | DEBUG_TOP_FLAG;
b4ab917c 2252#endif
79072805 2253 break;
28f23441 2254 case '\005': /* ^E */
d0063567 2255 if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
cd39f2b6 2256#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
38ab35f8 2257 gMacPerl_OSErr = SvIV(sv);
28f23441 2258#else
cd39f2b6 2259# ifdef VMS
38ab35f8 2260 set_vaxc_errno(SvIV(sv));
048c1ddf 2261# else
cd39f2b6 2262# ifdef WIN32
d0063567 2263 SetLastError( SvIV(sv) );
cd39f2b6 2264# else
9fed8b87 2265# ifdef OS2
38ab35f8 2266 os2_setsyserrno(SvIV(sv));
9fed8b87 2267# else
d0063567 2268 /* will anyone ever use this? */
38ab35f8 2269 SETERRNO(SvIV(sv), 4);
cd39f2b6 2270# endif
048c1ddf
IZ
2271# endif
2272# endif
22fae026 2273#endif
d0063567
DK
2274 }
2275 else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "NCODING")) {
2276 if (PL_encoding)
2277 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_encoding);
2278 if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
2279 PL_encoding = newSVsv(sv);
2280 }
2281 else {
a0714e2c 2282 PL_encoding = NULL;
d0063567
DK
2283 }
2284 }
2285 break;
79072805 2286 case '\006': /* ^F */
38ab35f8 2287 PL_maxsysfd = SvIV(sv);
79072805 2288 break;
a0d0e21e 2289 case '\010': /* ^H */
38ab35f8 2290 PL_hints = SvIV(sv);
a0d0e21e 2291 break;
9d116dd7 2292 case '\011': /* ^I */ /* NOT \t in EBCDIC */
43c5f42d 2293 Safefree(PL_inplace);
bd61b366 2294 PL_inplace = SvOK(sv) ? savesvpv(sv) : NULL;
da78da6e 2295 break;
28f23441 2296 case '\017': /* ^O */
ac27b0f5 2297 if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
43c5f42d 2298 Safefree(PL_osname);
bd61b366 2299 PL_osname = NULL;
3511154c
DM
2300 if (SvOK(sv)) {
2301 TAINT_PROPER("assigning to $^O");
2e0de35c 2302 PL_osname = savesvpv(sv);
3511154c 2303 }
ac27b0f5
NIS
2304 }
2305 else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr, "\017PEN")) {
8b850bd5
NC
2306 STRLEN len;
2307 const char *const start = SvPV(sv, len);
b54fc2b6 2308 const char *out = (const char*)memchr(start, '\0', len);
8b850bd5
NC
2309 SV *tmp;
2310 struct refcounted_he *tmp_he;
2311
2312
2313 PL_compiling.cop_hints |= HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN | HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT;
2314 PL_hints
2315 |= HINT_LOCALIZE_HH | HINT_LEXICAL_IO_IN | HINT_LEXICAL_IO_OUT;
2316
2317 /* Opening for input is more common than opening for output, so
2318 ensure that hints for input are sooner on linked list. */
2319 tmp = sv_2mortal(out ? newSVpvn(out + 1, start + len - out - 1)
2320 : newSVpvs(""));
2321 SvFLAGS(tmp) |= SvUTF8(sv);
2322
2323 tmp_he
2324 = Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash,
2325 sv_2mortal(newSVpvs("open>")), tmp);
2326
2327 /* The UTF-8 setting is carried over */
2328 sv_setpvn(tmp, start, out ? (STRLEN)(out - start) : len);
2329
11bcd5da 2330 PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash
8b850bd5
NC
2331 = Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ tmp_he,
2332 sv_2mortal(newSVpvs("open<")), tmp);
ac27b0f5 2333 }
28f23441 2334 break;
79072805 2335 case '\020': /* ^P */
2fdbfb4d
AB
2336 if (*remaining == '\0') { /* ^P */
2337 PL_perldb = SvIV(sv);
2338 if (PL_perldb && !PL_DBsingle)
2339 init_debugger();
2340 break;
2341 } else if (strEQ(remaining, "REMATCH")) { /* $^PREMATCH */
2342 goto do_prematch;
2343 } else if (strEQ(remaining, "OSTMATCH")) { /* $^POSTMATCH */
2344 goto do_postmatch;
2345 }
79072805 2346 case '\024': /* ^T */
88e89b8a 2347#ifdef BIG_TIME
6b88bc9c 2348 PL_basetime = (Time_t)(SvNOK(sv) ? SvNVX(sv) : sv_2nv(sv));
88e89b8a 2349#else
38ab35f8 2350 PL_basetime = (Time_t)SvIV(sv);
88e89b8a 2351#endif
79072805 2352 break;
e07ea26a
NC
2353 case '\025': /* ^UTF8CACHE */
2354 if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "TF8CACHE")) {
2355 PL_utf8cache = (signed char) sv_2iv(sv);
2356 }
2357 break;
fde18df1 2358 case '\027': /* ^W & $^WARNING_BITS */
4438c4b7
JH
2359 if (*(mg->mg_ptr+1) == '\0') {
2360 if ( ! (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ALL_MASK)) {
38ab35f8 2361 i = SvIV(sv);
ac27b0f5 2362 PL_dowarn = (PL_dowarn & ~G_WARN_ON)
0453d815 2363 | (i ? G_WARN_ON : G_WARN_OFF) ;
4438c4b7 2364 }
599cee73 2365 }
0a378802 2366 else if (strEQ(mg->mg_ptr+1, "ARNING_BITS")) {
4438c4b7 2367 if ( ! (PL_dowarn & G_WARN_ALL_MASK)) {
d775746e
GS
2368 if (!SvPOK(sv) && PL_localizing) {
2369 sv_setpvn(sv, WARN_NONEstring, WARNsize);
d3a7d8c7 2370 PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_NONE;
d775746e
GS
2371 break;
2372 }
f4fc7782 2373 {
b5477537 2374 STRLEN len, i;
d3a7d8c7 2375 int accumulate = 0 ;
f4fc7782 2376 int any_fatals = 0 ;
b83604b4 2377 const char * const ptr = SvPV_const(sv, len) ;
f4fc7782
JH
2378 for (i = 0 ; i < len ; ++i) {
2379 accumulate |= ptr[i] ;
2380 any_fatals |= (ptr[i] & 0xAA) ;
2381 }
4243c432
NC
2382 if (!accumulate) {
2383 if (!specialWARN(PL_compiling.cop_warnings))
2384 PerlMemShared_free(PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
2385 PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_NONE;
2386 }
72dc9ed5
NC
2387 /* Yuck. I can't see how to abstract this: */
2388 else if (isWARN_on(((STRLEN *)SvPV_nolen_const(sv)) - 1,
2389 WARN_ALL) && !any_fatals) {
4243c432
NC
2390 if (!specialWARN(PL_compiling.cop_warnings))
2391 PerlMemShared_free(PL_compiling.cop_warnings);
f4fc7782
JH
2392 PL_compiling.cop_warnings = pWARN_ALL;
2393 PL_dowarn |= G_WARN_ONCE ;
727405f8 2394 }
d3a7d8c7 2395 else {
72dc9ed5
NC
2396 STRLEN len;
2397 const char *const p = SvPV_const(sv, len);
2398
2399 PL_compiling.cop_warnings
8ee4cf24 2400 = Perl_new_warnings_bitfield(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_warnings,
72dc9ed5
NC
2401 p, len);
2402
d3a7d8c7
GS
2403 if (isWARN_on(PL_compiling.cop_warnings, WARN_ONCE))
2404 PL_dowarn |= G_WARN_ONCE ;
2405 }
f4fc7782 2406
d3a7d8c7 2407 }
4438c4b7 2408 }
971a9dd3 2409 }
79072805
LW
2410 break;
2411 case '.':
3280af22
NIS
2412 if (PL_localizing) {
2413 if (PL_localizing == 1)
7766f137 2414 SAVESPTR(PL_last_in_gv);
748a9306 2415 }
3280af22 2416 else if (SvOK(sv) && GvIO(PL_last_in_gv))
632db599 2417 IoLINES(GvIOp(PL_last_in_gv)) = SvIV(sv);
79072805
LW
2418 break;
2419 case '^':
3280af22 2420 Safefree(IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
e1ec3a88 2421 s = IoTOP_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = savesvpv(sv);
f776e3cd 2422 IoTOP_GV(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = gv_fetchsv(sv, GV_ADD, SVt_PVIO);
79072805
LW
2423 break;
2424 case '~':
3280af22 2425 Safefree(IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)));
e1ec3a88 2426 s = IoFMT_NAME(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = savesvpv(sv);
f776e3cd 2427 IoFMT_GV(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = gv_fetchsv(sv, GV_ADD, SVt_PVIO);
79072805
LW
2428 break;
2429 case '=':
38ab35f8 2430 IoPAGE_LEN(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIV(sv));
79072805
LW
2431 break;
2432 case '-':
38ab35f8 2433 IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIV(sv));
3280af22
NIS
2434 if (IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) < 0L)
2435 IoLINES_LEFT(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = 0L;
79072805
LW
2436 break;
2437 case '%':
38ab35f8 2438 IoPAGE(GvIOp(PL_defoutgv)) = (SvIV(sv));
79072805
LW
2439 break;
2440 case '|':
4b65379b 2441 {
8772537c 2442 IO * const io = GvIOp(PL_defoutgv);
720f287d
AB
2443 if(!io)
2444 break;
38ab35f8 2445 if ((SvIV(sv)) == 0)
4b65379b
CS
2446 IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_FLUSH;
2447 else {
2448 if (!(IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_FLUSH)) {
2449 PerlIO *ofp = IoOFP(io);
2450 if (ofp)
2451 (void)PerlIO_flush(ofp);
2452 IoFLAGS(io) |= IOf_FLUSH;
2453 }
2454 }
79072805
LW
2455 }
2456 break;
79072805 2457 case '/':
3280af22 2458 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_rs);
8bfdd7d9 2459 PL_rs = newSVsv(sv);
79072805
LW
2460 break;
2461 case '\\':
7889fe52
NIS
2462 if (PL_ors_sv)
2463 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_ors_sv);
009c130f 2464 if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
7889fe52 2465 PL_ors_sv = newSVsv(sv);
009c130f 2466 }
e3c19b7b 2467 else {
a0714e2c 2468 PL_ors_sv = NULL;
e3c19b7b 2469 }
79072805
LW
2470 break;
2471 case ',':
7889fe52
NIS
2472 if (PL_ofs_sv)
2473 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_ofs_sv);
2474 if (SvOK(sv) || SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
2475 PL_ofs_sv = newSVsv(sv);
2476 }
2477 else {
a0714e2c 2478 PL_ofs_sv = NULL;
7889fe52 2479 }
79072805 2480 break;
79072805 2481 case '[':
38ab35f8 2482 CopARYBASE_set(&PL_compiling, SvIV(sv));
79072805
LW
2483 break;
2484 case '?':
ff0cee69 2485#ifdef COMPLEX_STATUS
6b88bc9c
GS
2486 if (PL_localizing == 2) {
2487 PL_statusvalue = LvTARGOFF(sv);
2488 PL_statusvalue_vms = LvTARGLEN(sv);
ff0cee69
PP
2489 }
2490 else
2491#endif
2492#ifdef VMSISH_STATUS
2493 if (VMSISH_STATUS)
fb38d079 2494 STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET((U32)SvIV(sv));
ff0cee69
PP
2495 else
2496#endif
38ab35f8 2497 STATUS_UNIX_EXIT_SET(SvIV(sv));
79072805
LW
2498 break;
2499 case '!':
93189314
JH
2500 {
2501#ifdef VMS
2502# define PERL_VMS_BANG vaxc$errno
2503#else
2504# define PERL_VMS_BANG 0
2505#endif
91487cfc 2506 SETERRNO(SvIOK(sv) ? SvIVX(sv) : SvOK(sv) ? sv_2iv(sv) : 0,
93189314
JH
2507 (SvIV(sv) == EVMSERR) ? 4 : PERL_VMS_BANG);
2508 }
79072805
LW
2509 break;
2510 case '<':
38ab35f8 2511 PL_uid = SvIV(sv);
3280af22
NIS
2512 if (PL_delaymagic) {
2513 PL_delaymagic |= DM_RUID;
79072805
LW
2514 break; /* don't do magic till later */
2515 }
2516#ifdef HAS_SETRUID
b28d0864 2517 (void)setruid((Uid_t)PL_uid);
79072805
LW
2518#else
2519#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
3280af22 2520 (void)setreuid((Uid_t)PL_uid, (Uid_t)-1);
748a9306 2521#else
85e6fe83 2522#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
b28d0864 2523 (void)setresuid((Uid_t)PL_uid, (Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)-1);
79072805 2524#else
75870ed3 2525 if (PL_uid == PL_euid) { /* special case $< = $> */
2526#ifdef PERL_DARWIN
2527 /* workaround for Darwin's setuid peculiarity, cf [perl #24122] */
2528 if (PL_uid != 0 && PerlProc_getuid() == 0)
2529 (void)PerlProc_setuid(0);
2530#endif
b28d0864 2531 (void)PerlProc_setuid(PL_uid);
75870ed3 2532 } else {
d8eceb89 2533 PL_uid = PerlProc_getuid();
cea2e8a9 2534 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setruid() not implemented");
a0d0e21e 2535 }
79072805
LW
2536#endif
2537#endif
85e6fe83 2538#endif
d8eceb89 2539 PL_uid = PerlProc_getuid();
3280af22 2540 PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
79072805
LW
2541 break;
2542 case '>':
38ab35f8 2543 PL_euid = SvIV(sv);
3280af22
NIS
2544 if (PL_delaymagic) {
2545 PL_delaymagic |= DM_EUID;
79072805
LW
2546 break; /* don't do magic till later */
2547 }
2548#ifdef HAS_SETEUID
3280af22 2549 (void)seteuid((Uid_t)PL_euid);
79072805
LW
2550#else
2551#ifdef HAS_SETREUID
b28d0864 2552 (void)setreuid((Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)PL_euid);
85e6fe83
LW
2553#else
2554#ifdef HAS_SETRESUID
6b88bc9c 2555 (void)setresuid((Uid_t)-1, (Uid_t)PL_euid, (Uid_t)-1);
79072805 2556#else
b28d0864
NIS
2557 if (PL_euid == PL_uid) /* special case $> = $< */
2558 PerlProc_setuid(PL_euid);
a0d0e21e 2559 else {
e8ee3774 2560 PL_euid = PerlProc_geteuid();
cea2e8a9 2561 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "seteuid() not implemented");
a0d0e21e 2562 }
79072805
LW
2563#endif
2564#endif
85e6fe83 2565#endif
d8eceb89 2566 PL_euid = PerlProc_geteuid();
3280af22 2567 PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
79072805
LW
2568 break;
2569 case '(':
38ab35f8 2570 PL_gid = SvIV(sv);
3280af22
NIS
2571 if (PL_delaymagic) {
2572 PL_delaymagic |= DM_RGID;
79072805
LW
2573 break; /* don't do magic till later */
2574 }
2575#ifdef HAS_SETRGID
b28d0864 2576 (void)setrgid((Gid_t)PL_gid);
79072805
LW
2577#else
2578#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
3280af22 2579 (void)setregid((Gid_t)PL_gid, (Gid_t)-1);
85e6fe83
LW
2580#else
2581#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
b28d0864 2582 (void)setresgid((Gid_t)PL_gid, (Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t) 1);
79072805 2583#else
b28d0864
NIS
2584 if (PL_gid == PL_egid) /* special case $( = $) */
2585 (void)PerlProc_setgid(PL_gid);
748a9306 2586 else {
d8eceb89 2587 PL_gid = PerlProc_getgid();
cea2e8a9 2588 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setrgid() not implemented");
748a9306 2589 }
79072805
LW
2590#endif
2591#endif
85e6fe83 2592#endif
d8eceb89 2593 PL_gid = PerlProc_getgid();
3280af22 2594 PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
79072805
LW
2595 break;
2596 case ')':
5cd24f17
PP
2597#ifdef HAS_SETGROUPS
2598 {
b83604b4 2599 const char *p = SvPV_const(sv, len);
757f63d8
SP
2600 Groups_t *gary = NULL;
2601
2602 while (isSPACE(*p))
2603 ++p;
2604 PL_egid = Atol(p);
2605 for (i = 0; i < NGROUPS; ++i) {
2606 while (*p && !isSPACE(*p))
2607 ++p;
2608 while (isSPACE(*p))
2609 ++p;
2610 if (!*p)
2611 break;
2612 if(!gary)
2613 Newx(gary, i + 1, Groups_t);
2614 else
2615 Renew(gary, i + 1, Groups_t);
2616 gary[i] = Atol(p);
2617 }
2618 if (i)
2619 (void)setgroups(i, gary);
f5a63d97 2620 Safefree(gary);
5cd24f17
PP
2621 }
2622#else /* HAS_SETGROUPS */
38ab35f8 2623 PL_egid = SvIV(sv);
5cd24f17 2624#endif /* HAS_SETGROUPS */
3280af22
NIS
2625 if (PL_delaymagic) {
2626 PL_delaymagic |= DM_EGID;
79072805
LW
2627 break; /* don't do magic till later */
2628 }
2629#ifdef HAS_SETEGID
3280af22 2630 (void)setegid((Gid_t)PL_egid);
79072805
LW
2631#else
2632#ifdef HAS_SETREGID
b28d0864 2633 (void)setregid((Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t)PL_egid);
85e6fe83
LW
2634#else
2635#ifdef HAS_SETRESGID
b28d0864 2636 (void)setresgid((Gid_t)-1, (Gid_t)PL_egid, (Gid_t)-1);
79072805 2637#else
b28d0864
NIS
2638 if (PL_egid == PL_gid) /* special case $) = $( */
2639 (void)PerlProc_setgid(PL_egid);
748a9306 2640 else {
d8eceb89 2641 PL_egid = PerlProc_getegid();
cea2e8a9 2642 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "setegid() not implemented");
748a9306 2643 }
79072805
LW
2644#endif
2645#endif
85e6fe83 2646#endif
d8eceb89 2647 PL_egid = PerlProc_getegid();
3280af22 2648 PL_tainting |= (PL_uid && (PL_euid != PL_uid || PL_egid != PL_gid));
79072805
LW
2649 break;
2650 case ':':
2d8e6c8d 2651 PL_chopset = SvPV_force(sv,len);
79072805 2652 break;
cd39f2b6 2653#ifndef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
79072805 2654 case '0':
e2975953 2655 LOCK_DOLLARZERO_MUTEX;
4bc88a62
PS
2656#ifdef HAS_SETPROCTITLE
2657 /* The BSDs don't show the argv[] in ps(1) output, they
2658 * show a string from the process struct and provide
2659 * the setproctitle() routine to manipulate that. */
a2722ac9 2660 if (PL_origalen != 1) {
b83604b4 2661 s = SvPV_const(sv, len);
98b76f99 2662# if __FreeBSD_version > 410001
9aad2c0e 2663 /* The leading "-" removes the "perl: " prefix,
4bc88a62
PS
2664 * but not the "(perl) suffix from the ps(1)
2665 * output, because that's what ps(1) shows if the
2666 * argv[] is modified. */
6f2ad931 2667 setproctitle("-%s", s);
9aad2c0e 2668# else /* old FreeBSDs, NetBSD, OpenBSD, anyBSD */
4bc88a62
PS
2669 /* This doesn't really work if you assume that
2670 * $0 = 'foobar'; will wipe out 'perl' from the $0
2671 * because in ps(1) output the result will be like
2672 * sprintf("perl: %s (perl)", s)
2673 * I guess this is a security feature:
2674 * one (a user process) cannot get rid of the original name.
2675 * --jhi */
2676 setproctitle("%s", s);
2677# endif
2678 }
9d3968b2 2679#elif defined(__hpux) && defined(PSTAT_SETCMD)
a2722ac9 2680 if (PL_origalen != 1) {
17aa7f3d 2681 union pstun un;
b83604b4 2682 s = SvPV_const(sv, len);
6867be6d 2683 un.pst_command = (char *)s;
17aa7f3d
JH
2684 pstat(PSTAT_SETCMD, un, len, 0, 0);
2685 }
9d3968b2 2686#else
2d2af554
GA
2687 if (PL_origalen > 1) {
2688 /* PL_origalen is set in perl_parse(). */
2689 s = SvPV_force(sv,len);
2690 if (len >= (STRLEN)PL_origalen-1) {
2691 /* Longer than original, will be truncated. We assume that
2692 * PL_origalen bytes are available. */
2693 Copy(s, PL_origargv[0], PL_origalen-1, char);
2694 }
2695 else {
2696 /* Shorter than original, will be padded. */
235ac35d 2697#ifdef PERL_DARWIN
60777a0d
JH
2698 /* Special case for Mac OS X: see [perl #38868] */
2699 const int pad = 0;
235ac35d 2700#else
8a89a4f1
MB
2701 /* Is the space counterintuitive? Yes.
2702 * (You were expecting \0?)
2703 * Does it work? Seems to. (In Linux 2.4.20 at least.)
2704 * --jhi */
60777a0d 2705 const int pad = ' ';
235ac35d 2706#endif
60777a0d
JH
2707 Copy(s, PL_origargv[0], len, char);
2708 PL_origargv[0][len] = 0;
2709 memset(PL_origargv[0] + len + 1,
2710 pad, PL_origalen - len - 1);
2d2af554
GA
2711 }
2712 PL_origargv[0][PL_origalen-1] = 0;
2713 for (i = 1; i < PL_origargc; i++)
2714 PL_origargv[i] = 0;
79072805 2715 }
9d3968b2 2716#endif
e2975953 2717 UNLOCK_DOLLARZERO_MUTEX;
79072805 2718 break;
cd39f2b6 2719#endif
79072805
LW
2720 }
2721 return 0;
2722}
2723
2724I32
35a4481c 2725Perl_whichsig(pTHX_ const char *sig)
79072805 2726{
aadb217d 2727 register char* const* sigv;
96a5add6 2728 PERL_UNUSED_CONTEXT;
79072805 2729
aadb217d 2730 for (sigv = (char* const*)PL_sig_name; *sigv; sigv++)
79072805 2731 if (strEQ(sig,*sigv))
aadb217d 2732 return PL_sig_num[sigv - (char* const*)PL_sig_name];
79072805
LW
2733#ifdef SIGCLD
2734 if (strEQ(sig,"CHLD"))
2735 return SIGCLD;
2736#endif
2737#ifdef SIGCHLD
2738 if (strEQ(sig,"CLD"))
2739 return SIGCHLD;
2740#endif
7f1236c0 2741 return -1;
79072805
LW
2742}
2743
ecfc5424 2744Signal_t
1e82f5a6 2745#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
b6455c53 2746Perl_sighandler(int sig, siginfo_t *sip, void *uap PERL_UNUSED_DECL)
1e82f5a6
SH
2747#else
2748Perl_sighandler(int sig)
2749#endif
79072805 2750{
1018e26f
NIS
2751#ifdef PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT
2752 dTHXa(PERL_GET_SIG_CONTEXT);
71d280e3 2753#else
cea2e8a9 2754 dTHX;
71d280e3 2755#endif
79072805 2756 dSP;
a0714e2c
SS
2757 GV *gv = NULL;
2758 SV *sv = NULL;
8772537c 2759 SV * const tSv = PL_Sv;
601f1833 2760 CV *cv = NULL;
533c011a 2761 OP *myop = PL_op;
84902520 2762 U32 flags = 0;
8772537c 2763 XPV * const tXpv = PL_Xpv;
71d280e3 2764
3280af22 2765 if (PL_savestack_ix + 15 <= PL_savestack_max)
84902520 2766 flags |= 1;
3280af22 2767 if (PL_markstack_ptr < PL_markstack_max - 2)
84902520 2768 flags |= 4;
3280af22 2769 if (PL_scopestack_ix < PL_scopestack_max - 3)
84902520
TB
2770 flags |= 16;
2771
727405f8 2772 if (!PL_psig_ptr[sig]) {
99ef548b 2773 PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log, "Signal SIG%s received, but no signal handler set.\n",
727405f8
NIS
2774 PL_sig_name[sig]);
2775 exit(sig);
2776 }
ff0cee69 2777
84902520
TB
2778 /* Max number of items pushed there is 3*n or 4. We cannot fix
2779 infinity, so we fix 4 (in fact 5): */
2780 if (flags & 1) {
3280af22 2781 PL_savestack_ix += 5; /* Protect save in progress. */
8772537c 2782 SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(S_unwind_handler_stack, (void*)&flags);
84902520 2783 }
ac27b0f5 2784 if (flags & 4)
3280af22 2785 PL_markstack_ptr++; /* Protect mark. */
84902520 2786 if (flags & 16)
3280af22 2787 PL_scopestack_ix += 1;
84902520 2788 /* sv_2cv is too complicated, try a simpler variant first: */
ac27b0f5 2789 if (!SvROK(PL_psig_ptr[sig]) || !(cv = (CV*)SvRV(PL_psig_ptr[sig]))
8772537c
AL
2790 || SvTYPE(cv) != SVt_PVCV) {
2791 HV *st;
f2c0649b 2792 cv = sv_2cv(PL_psig_ptr[sig], &st, &gv, GV_ADD);
8772537c 2793 }
84902520 2794
a0d0e21e 2795 if (!cv || !CvROOT(cv)) {
599cee73 2796 if (ckWARN(WARN_SIGNAL))
9014280d 2797 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_SIGNAL), "SIG%s handler \"%s\" not defined.\n",
22c35a8c 2798 PL_sig_name[sig], (gv ? GvENAME(gv)
00d579c5
GS
2799 : ((cv && CvGV(cv))
2800 ? GvENAME(CvGV(cv))
2801 : "__ANON__")));
2802 goto cleanup;
79072805
LW
2803 }
2804
22c35a8c 2805 if(PL_psig_name[sig]) {
b37c2d43 2806 sv = SvREFCNT_inc_NN(PL_psig_name[sig]);
84902520 2807 flags |= 64;
df3728a2 2808#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
27da23d5 2809 PL_sig_sv = sv;
df3728a2 2810#endif
84902520 2811 } else {
ff0cee69 2812 sv = sv_newmortal();
22c35a8c 2813 sv_setpv(sv,PL_sig_name[sig]);
88e89b8a 2814 }
e336de0d 2815
e788e7d3 2816 PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_SIGNAL);
924508f0 2817 PUSHMARK(SP);
79072805 2818 PUSHs(sv);
8aad04aa
JH
2819#if defined(HAS_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
2820 {
2821 struct sigaction oact;
2822
2823 if (sigaction(sig, 0, &oact) == 0 && oact.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO) {
8aad04aa
JH
2824 if (sip) {
2825 HV *sih = newHV();
2826 SV *rv = newRV_noinc((SV*)sih);
2827 /* The siginfo fields signo, code, errno, pid, uid,
2828 * addr, status, and band are defined by POSIX/SUSv3. */
85771703
NC
2829 (void)hv_stores(sih, "signo", newSViv(sip->si_signo));
2830 (void)hv_stores(sih, "code", newSViv(sip->si_code));
79dec0f4 2831#if 0 /* XXX TODO: Configure scan for the existence of these, but even that does not help if the SA_SIGINFO is not implemented according to the spec. */
85771703
NC
2832 hv_stores(sih, "errno", newSViv(sip->si_errno));
2833 hv_stores(sih, "status", newSViv(sip->si_status));
2834 hv_stores(sih, "uid", newSViv(sip->si_uid));
2835 hv_stores(sih, "pid", newSViv(sip->si_pid));
2836 hv_stores(sih, "addr", newSVuv(PTR2UV(sip->si_addr)));
2837 hv_stores(sih, "band", newSViv(sip->si_band));
79dec0f4 2838#endif
8aad04aa
JH
2839 EXTEND(SP, 2);
2840 PUSHs((SV*)rv);
9ff8e806 2841 PUSHs(newSVpvn((char *)sip, sizeof(*sip)));
8aad04aa 2842 }
b4552a27 2843
8aad04aa
JH
2844 }
2845 }
2846#endif
79072805 2847 PUTBACK;
a0d0e21e 2848
1b266415 2849 call_sv((SV*)cv, G_DISCARD|G_EVAL);
79072805 2850
d3acc0f7 2851 POPSTACK;
1b266415 2852 if (SvTRUE(ERRSV)) {
1d615522 2853#ifndef PERL_MICRO
983dbef6 2854#ifdef HAS_SIGPROCMASK
1b266415
NIS
2855 /* Handler "died", for example to get out of a restart-able read().
2856 * Before we re-do that on its behalf re-enable the signal which was
2857 * blocked by the system when we entered.
2858 */
2859 sigset_t set;
2860 sigemptyset(&set);
2861 sigaddset(&set,sig);
2862 sigprocmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, &set, NULL);
2863#else
2864 /* Not clear if this will work */
2865 (void)rsignal(sig, SIG_IGN);
5c1546dc 2866 (void)rsignal(sig, PL_csighandlerp);
1b266415 2867#endif
1d615522 2868#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
bd61b366 2869 Perl_die(aTHX_ NULL);
1b266415 2870 }
00d579c5 2871cleanup:
84902520 2872 if (flags & 1)
3280af22 2873 PL_savestack_ix -= 8; /* Unprotect save in progress. */
ac27b0f5 2874 if (flags & 4)
3280af22 2875 PL_markstack_ptr--;
84902520 2876 if (flags & 16)
3280af22 2877 PL_scopestack_ix -= 1;
84902520
TB
2878 if (flags & 64)
2879 SvREFCNT_dec(sv);
533c011a 2880 PL_op = myop; /* Apparently not needed... */
ac27b0f5 2881
3280af22
NIS
2882 PL_Sv = tSv; /* Restore global temporaries. */
2883 PL_Xpv = tXpv;
53bb94e2 2884 return;
79072805 2885}
4e35701f
NIS
2886
2887
51371543 2888static void
8772537c 2889S_restore_magic(pTHX_ const void *p)
51371543 2890{
97aff369 2891 dVAR;
8772537c
AL
2892 MGS* const mgs = SSPTR(PTR2IV(p), MGS*);
2893 SV* const sv = mgs->mgs_sv;
51371543
GS
2894
2895 if (!sv)
2896 return;
2897
2898 if (SvTYPE(sv) >= SVt_PVMG && SvMAGIC(sv))
2899 {
f8c7b90f 2900#ifdef PERL_OLD_COPY_ON_WRITE
f9701176
NC
2901 /* While magic was saved (and off) sv_setsv may well have seen
2902 this SV as a prime candidate for COW. */
2903 if (SvIsCOW(sv))
e424a81e 2904 sv_force_normal_flags(sv, 0);
f9701176
NC
2905#endif
2906
51371543
GS
2907 if (mgs->mgs_flags)
2908 SvFLAGS(sv) |= mgs->mgs_flags;
2909 else
2910 mg_magical(sv);
2b77b520
YST
2911 if (SvGMAGICAL(sv)) {
2912 /* downgrade public flags to private,
2913 and discard any other private flags */
2914
10edeb5d
JH
2915 const U32 pubflags = SvFLAGS(sv) & (SVf_IOK|SVf_NOK|SVf_POK);
2916 if (pubflags) {
2917 SvFLAGS(sv) &= ~( pubflags | (SVp_IOK|SVp_NOK|SVp_POK) );
2918 SvFLAGS(sv) |= ( pubflags << PRIVSHIFT );
2b77b520
YST
2919 }
2920 }
51371543
GS
2921 }
2922
2923 mgs->mgs_sv = NULL; /* mark the MGS structure as restored */
2924
2925 /* If we're still on top of the stack, pop us off. (That condition
2926 * will be satisfied if restore_magic was called explicitly, but *not*
2927 * if it's being called via leave_scope.)
2928 * The reason for doing this is that otherwise, things like sv_2cv()
2929 * may leave alloc gunk on the savestack, and some code
2930 * (e.g. sighandler) doesn't expect that...
2931 */
2932 if (PL_savestack_ix == mgs->mgs_ss_ix)
2933 {
2934 I32 popval = SSPOPINT;
c76ac1ee 2935 assert(popval == SAVEt_DESTRUCTOR_X);
51371543
GS
2936 PL_savestack_ix -= 2;
2937 popval = SSPOPINT;
2938 assert(popval == SAVEt_ALLOC);
2939 popval = SSPOPINT;
2940 PL_savestack_ix -= popval;
2941 }
2942
2943}
2944
2945static void
8772537c 2946S_unwind_handler_stack(pTHX_ const void *p)
51371543 2947{
27da23d5 2948 dVAR;
e1ec3a88 2949 const U32 flags = *(const U32*)p;
51371543
GS
2950
2951 if (flags & 1)
2952 PL_savestack_ix -= 5; /* Unprotect save in progress. */
df3728a2 2953#if !defined(PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT)
51371543 2954 if (flags & 64)
27da23d5 2955 SvREFCNT_dec(PL_sig_sv);
df3728a2 2956#endif
51371543 2957}
1018e26f 2958
66610fdd 2959/*
b3ca2e83
NC
2960=for apidoc magic_sethint
2961
2962Triggered by a store to %^H, records the key/value pair to
c28fe1ec
NC
2963C<PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash>. It is assumed that hints aren't storing
2964anything that would need a deep copy. Maybe we should warn if we find a
2965reference.
b3ca2e83
NC
2966
2967=cut
2968*/
2969int
2970Perl_magic_sethint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
2971{
2972 dVAR;
fc92a12d
NC
2973 SV *key = (mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY) ? (SV *)mg->mg_ptr
2974 : sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(mg->mg_ptr, mg->mg_len));
b3ca2e83 2975
e6e3e454
NC
2976 /* mg->mg_obj isn't being used. If needed, it would be possible to store
2977 an alternative leaf in there, with PL_compiling.cop_hints being used if
2978 it's NULL. If needed for threads, the alternative could lock a mutex,
2979 or take other more complex action. */
2980
5b9c0671
NC
2981 /* Something changed in %^H, so it will need to be restored on scope exit.
2982 Doing this here saves a lot of doing it manually in perl code (and
2983 forgetting to do it, and consequent subtle errors. */
2984 PL_hints |= HINT_LOCALIZE_HH;
c28fe1ec 2985 PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash
fc92a12d 2986 = Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash, key, sv);
b3ca2e83
NC
2987 return 0;
2988}
2989
2990/*
2991=for apidoc magic_sethint
2992
c28fe1ec
NC
2993Triggered by a delete from %^H, records the key to
2994C<PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash>.
b3ca2e83
NC
2995
2996=cut
2997*/
2998int
2999Perl_magic_clearhint(pTHX_ SV *sv, MAGIC *mg)
3000{
3001 dVAR;
f5a63d97
AL
3002 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
3003
b3ca2e83
NC
3004 assert(mg->mg_len == HEf_SVKEY);
3005
b3f24c00
MHM
3006 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sv);
3007
5b9c0671 3008 PL_hints |= HINT_LOCALIZE_HH;
c28fe1ec
NC
3009 PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash
3010 = Perl_refcounted_he_new(aTHX_ PL_compiling.cop_hints_hash,
b3ca2e83
NC
3011 (SV *)mg->mg_ptr, &PL_sv_placeholder);
3012 return 0;
3013}
3014
3015/*
66610fdd
RGS
3016 * Local variables:
3017 * c-indentation-style: bsd
3018 * c-basic-offset: 4
3019 * indent-tabs-mode: t
3020 * End:
3021 *
37442d52
RGS
3022 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 noet:
3023 */