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a0d0e21e 1/* handy.h
a687059c 2 *
1129b882 3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000,
da5d8dbb 4 * 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012 by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
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6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
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9 */
10
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11/* IMPORTANT NOTE: Everything whose name begins with an underscore is for
12 * internal core Perl use only. */
13
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14#ifndef HANDY_H /* Guard against nested #inclusion */
15#define HANDY_H
16
85e6fe83 17#if !defined(__STDC__)
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18#ifdef NULL
19#undef NULL
20#endif
a687059c 21# define NULL 0
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22#endif
23
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24#ifndef PERL_CORE
25# define Null(type) ((type)NULL)
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26
27/*
ccfc67b7 28=head1 Handy Values
954c1994 29
3609ea0d 30=for apidoc AmU||Nullch
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31Null character pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is
32defined.)
2307c6d0 33
954c1994 34=for apidoc AmU||Nullsv
72d33970 35Null SV pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
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36
37=cut
38*/
39
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40# define Nullch Null(char*)
41# define Nullfp Null(PerlIO*)
42# define Nullsv Null(SV*)
43#endif
8d063cd8 44
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45#ifdef TRUE
46#undef TRUE
47#endif
48#ifdef FALSE
49#undef FALSE
50#endif
51#define TRUE (1)
52#define FALSE (0)
53
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54/* The MUTABLE_*() macros cast pointers to the types shown, in such a way
55 * (compiler permitting) that casting away const-ness will give a warning;
56 * e.g.:
57 *
58 * const SV *sv = ...;
59 * AV *av1 = (AV*)sv; <== BAD: the const has been silently cast away
60 * AV *av2 = MUTABLE_AV(sv); <== GOOD: it may warn
61 */
62
b1bc3f34 63#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN)
f065df04 64# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ({ void *_p = (p); _p; })
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65#else
66# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ((void *) (p))
67#endif
68
a062e10d 69#define MUTABLE_AV(p) ((AV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
ea726b52 70#define MUTABLE_CV(p) ((CV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
159b6efe 71#define MUTABLE_GV(p) ((GV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
dbebbdb4 72#define MUTABLE_HV(p) ((HV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
a45c7426 73#define MUTABLE_IO(p) ((IO *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
b1bc3f34 74#define MUTABLE_SV(p) ((SV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
27d4fb96 75
f789f6a4 76#if defined(I_STDBOOL) && !defined(PERL_BOOL_AS_CHAR)
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77# include <stdbool.h>
78# ifndef HAS_BOOL
79# define HAS_BOOL 1
80# endif
81#endif
82
8e84507e 83/* bool is built-in for g++-2.6.3 and later, which might be used
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84 for extensions. <_G_config.h> defines _G_HAVE_BOOL, but we can't
85 be sure _G_config.h will be included before this file. _G_config.h
8e84507e 86 also defines _G_HAVE_BOOL for both gcc and g++, but only g++
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87 actually has bool. Hence, _G_HAVE_BOOL is pretty useless for us.
88 g++ can be identified by __GNUG__.
89 Andy Dougherty February 2000
5d94fbed 90*/
3609ea0d 91#ifdef __GNUG__ /* GNU g++ has bool built-in */
f789f6a4 92# ifndef PERL_BOOL_AS_CHAR
5d94fbed 93# ifndef HAS_BOOL
c1d22f6b 94# define HAS_BOOL 1
5d94fbed 95# endif
f789f6a4 96# endif
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97#endif
98
99#ifndef HAS_BOOL
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100# ifdef bool
101# undef bool
102# endif
70d5cb32 103# define bool char
c1d22f6b 104# define HAS_BOOL 1
a687059c 105#endif
0d3e774c 106
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107/* cast-to-bool. A simple (bool) cast may not do the right thing: if bool is
108 * defined as char for example, then the cast from int is
109 * implementation-defined (bool)!!(cbool) in a ternary triggers a bug in xlc on
110 * AIX */
18f5643b 111#define cBOOL(cbool) ((cbool) ? (bool)1 : (bool)0)
f2338a2e 112
46c6c7e2 113/* Try to figure out __func__ or __FUNCTION__ equivalent, if any.
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114 * XXX Should really be a Configure probe, with HAS__FUNCTION__
115 * and FUNCTION__ as results.
116 * XXX Similarly, a Configure probe for __FILE__ and __LINE__ is needed. */
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117#if (defined(__STDC_VERSION__) && __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L) || (defined(__SUNPRO_C)) /* C99 or close enough. */
118# define FUNCTION__ __func__
119#else
9ea40801 120# if (defined(USING_MSVC6)) || /* MSVC6 has neither __func__ nor __FUNCTION and no good workarounds, either. */ \
be73ebb0 121 (defined(__DECC_VER)) /* Tru64 or VMS, and strict C89 being used, but not modern enough cc (in Tur64, -c99 not known, only -std1). */
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122# define FUNCTION__ ""
123# else
124# define FUNCTION__ __FUNCTION__ /* Common extension. */
125# endif
126#endif
127
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128/* XXX A note on the perl source internal type system. The
129 original intent was that I32 be *exactly* 32 bits.
130
131 Currently, we only guarantee that I32 is *at least* 32 bits.
132 Specifically, if int is 64 bits, then so is I32. (This is the case
133 for the Cray.) This has the advantage of meshing nicely with
134 standard library calls (where we pass an I32 and the library is
135 expecting an int), but the disadvantage that an I32 is not 32 bits.
136 Andy Dougherty August 1996
24fef2a7 137
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138 There is no guarantee that there is *any* integral type with
139 exactly 32 bits. It is perfectly legal for a system to have
140 sizeof(short) == sizeof(int) == sizeof(long) == 8.
693762b4 141
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142 Similarly, there is no guarantee that I16 and U16 have exactly 16
143 bits.
693762b4 144
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145 For dealing with issues that may arise from various 32/64-bit
146 systems, we will ask Configure to check out
8175356b 147
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148 SHORTSIZE == sizeof(short)
149 INTSIZE == sizeof(int)
150 LONGSIZE == sizeof(long)
dc45a647 151 LONGLONGSIZE == sizeof(long long) (if HAS_LONG_LONG)
3609ea0d 152 PTRSIZE == sizeof(void *)
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153 DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(double)
154 LONG_DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(long double) (if HAS_LONG_DOUBLE).
8175356b 155
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156*/
157
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158#ifdef I_INTTYPES /* e.g. Linux has int64_t without <inttypes.h> */
159# include <inttypes.h>
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160# ifdef INT32_MIN_BROKEN
161# undef INT32_MIN
162# define INT32_MIN (-2147483647-1)
163# endif
164# ifdef INT64_MIN_BROKEN
165# undef INT64_MIN
166# define INT64_MIN (-9223372036854775807LL-1)
167# endif
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168#endif
169
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170typedef I8TYPE I8;
171typedef U8TYPE U8;
172typedef I16TYPE I16;
173typedef U16TYPE U16;
174typedef I32TYPE I32;
175typedef U32TYPE U32;
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176
177#ifdef HAS_QUAD
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178typedef I64TYPE I64;
179typedef U64TYPE U64;
16d89be8 180#endif
8175356b 181
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182/* INT64_C/UINT64_C are C99 from <stdint.h> (so they will not be
183 * available in strict C89 mode), but they are nice, so let's define
184 * them if necessary. */
0d3bd0a9 185#if defined(HAS_QUAD)
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186# undef PeRl_INT64_C
187# undef PeRl_UINT64_C
188/* Prefer the native integer types (int and long) over long long
189 * (which is not C89) and Win32-specific __int64. */
190# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_INT && INTSIZE == 8
191# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) (c)
192# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,U)
193# endif
194# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG && LONGSIZE == 8
195# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,L)
196# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UL)
197# endif
198# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG_LONG && defined(HAS_LONG_LONG)
199# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,LL)
200# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,ULL)
201# endif
202# if QUADKIND == QUAD_IS___INT64
203# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,I64)
204# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UI64)
205# endif
206# ifndef PeRl_INT64_C
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207# define PeRl_INT64_C(c) ((I64)(c)) /* last resort */
208# define PeRl_UINT64_C(c) ((U64)(c))
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209# endif
210/* In OS X the INT64_C/UINT64_C are defined with LL/ULL, which will
211 * not fly with C89-pedantic gcc, so let's undefine them first so that
212 * we can redefine them with our native integer preferring versions. */
8eafc6eb 213# if defined(PERL_DARWIN) && defined(PERL_GCC_PEDANTIC)
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214# undef INT64_C
215# undef UINT64_C
216# endif
217# ifndef INT64_C
218# define INT64_C(c) PeRl_INT64_C(c)
219# endif
220# ifndef UINT64_C
221# define UINT64_C(c) PeRl_UINT64_C(c)
222# endif
e8c95190 223#endif
dc750f2e 224
d8668976 225#if defined(UINT8_MAX) && defined(INT16_MAX) && defined(INT32_MAX)
5ff3f7a4 226
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227/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
228 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
229#define U8_MAX UINT8_MAX
230#define U8_MIN UINT8_MIN
231
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232#define I16_MAX INT16_MAX
233#define I16_MIN INT16_MIN
234#define U16_MAX UINT16_MAX
235#define U16_MIN UINT16_MIN
236
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237#define I32_MAX INT32_MAX
238#define I32_MIN INT32_MIN
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239#ifndef UINT32_MAX_BROKEN /* e.g. HP-UX with gcc messes this up */
240# define U32_MAX UINT32_MAX
241#else
242# define U32_MAX 4294967295U
243#endif
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244#define U32_MIN UINT32_MIN
245
246#else
247
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248/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
249 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
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250#define U8_MAX PERL_UCHAR_MAX
251#define U8_MIN PERL_UCHAR_MIN
79072805 252
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253#define I16_MAX PERL_SHORT_MAX
254#define I16_MIN PERL_SHORT_MIN
255#define U16_MAX PERL_USHORT_MAX
256#define U16_MIN PERL_USHORT_MIN
79072805 257
c4f23d77 258#if LONGSIZE > 4
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259# define I32_MAX PERL_INT_MAX
260# define I32_MIN PERL_INT_MIN
261# define U32_MAX PERL_UINT_MAX
262# define U32_MIN PERL_UINT_MIN
79072805 263#else
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264# define I32_MAX PERL_LONG_MAX
265# define I32_MIN PERL_LONG_MIN
266# define U32_MAX PERL_ULONG_MAX
267# define U32_MIN PERL_ULONG_MIN
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268#endif
269
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270#endif
271
58a9a5d5 272/* log(2) is pretty close to 0.30103, just in case anyone is grepping for it */
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273#define BIT_DIGITS(N) (((N)*146)/485 + 1) /* log2(10) =~ 146/485 */
274#define TYPE_DIGITS(T) BIT_DIGITS(sizeof(T) * 8)
275#define TYPE_CHARS(T) (TYPE_DIGITS(T) + 2) /* sign, NUL */
276
88794300 277/* Unused by core; should be deprecated */
ff68c719 278#define Ctl(ch) ((ch) & 037)
8d063cd8 279
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280/* This is a helper macro to avoid preprocessor issues, replaced by nothing
281 * unless under DEBUGGING, where it expands to an assert of its argument,
282 * followed by a comma (hence the comma operator). If we just used a straight
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283 * assert(), we would get a comma with nothing before it when not DEBUGGING.
284 *
285 * We also use empty definition under Coverity since the __ASSERT__
286 * checks often check for things that Really Cannot Happen, and Coverity
287 * detects that and gets all excited. */
288
289#if defined(DEBUGGING) && !defined(__COVERITY__)
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290# define __ASSERT_(statement) assert(statement),
291#else
292# define __ASSERT_(statement)
293#endif
294
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295/*
296=head1 SV-Body Allocation
297
298=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs|const char* s
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299Like C<newSVpvn>, but takes a literal C<NUL>-terminated string instead of a
300string/length pair.
3fe05580 301
84bafc02 302=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_flags|const char* s|U32 flags
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303Like C<newSVpvn_flags>, but takes a literal C<NUL>-terminated string instead of
304a string/length pair.
84bafc02 305
3fe05580 306=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_share|const char* s
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307Like C<newSVpvn_share>, but takes a literal C<NUL>-terminated string instead of
308a string/length pair and omits the hash parameter.
3fe05580 309
9dcc53ea 310=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_flags|SV* sv|const char* s|I32 flags
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311Like C<sv_catpvn_flags>, but takes a literal C<NUL>-terminated string instead
312of a string/length pair.
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313
314=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_nomg|SV* sv|const char* s
315Like C<sv_catpvn_nomg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
316string/length pair.
317
7b4e7469 318=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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319Like C<sv_catpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
320
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321=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_mg|SV* sv|const char* s
322Like C<sv_catpvn_mg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
323string/length pair.
324
7b4e7469 325=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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326Like C<sv_setpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
327
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328=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs_mg|SV* sv|const char* s
329Like C<sv_setpvn_mg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
330string/length pair.
331
332=for apidoc Am|SV *|sv_setref_pvs|const char* s
333Like C<sv_setref_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
334string/length pair.
335
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336=head1 Memory Management
337
338=for apidoc Ama|char*|savepvs|const char* s
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339Like C<savepvn>, but takes a literal C<NUL>-terminated string instead of a
340string/length pair.
3fe05580 341
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342=for apidoc Ama|char*|savesharedpvs|const char* s
343A version of C<savepvs()> which allocates the duplicate string in memory
344which is shared between threads.
345
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346=head1 GV Functions
347
348=for apidoc Am|HV*|gv_stashpvs|const char* name|I32 create
349Like C<gv_stashpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
350
351=head1 Hash Manipulation Functions
352
353=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_fetchs|HV* tb|const char* key|I32 lval
354Like C<hv_fetch>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
355
356=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_stores|HV* tb|const char* key|NULLOK SV* val
357Like C<hv_store>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair
358and omits the hash parameter.
359
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360=head1 Lexer interface
361
362=for apidoc Amx|void|lex_stuff_pvs|const char *pv|U32 flags
363
364Like L</lex_stuff_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
365string/length pair.
366
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367=cut
368*/
369
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370/* concatenating with "" ensures that only literal strings are accepted as
371 * argument */
26bfd924 372#define STR_WITH_LEN(s) ("" s ""), (sizeof(s)-1)
2efa8cc7 373
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374/* note that STR_WITH_LEN() can't be used as argument to macros or functions
375 * that under some configurations might be macros, which means that it requires
376 * the full Perl_xxx(aTHX_ ...) form for any API calls where it's used.
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377 */
378
379/* STR_WITH_LEN() shortcuts */
380#define newSVpvs(str) Perl_newSVpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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381#define newSVpvs_flags(str,flags) \
382 Perl_newSVpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
ba3a79e7 383#define newSVpvs_share(str) Perl_newSVpvn_share(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
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384#define sv_catpvs_flags(sv, str, flags) \
385 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
386#define sv_catpvs_nomg(sv, str) \
387 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
388#define sv_catpvs(sv, str) \
389 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC)
390#define sv_catpvs_mg(sv, str) \
391 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC|SV_SMAGIC)
3fe05580 392#define sv_setpvs(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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393#define sv_setpvs_mg(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn_mg(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
394#define sv_setref_pvs(rv, classname, str) \
395 Perl_sv_setref_pvn(aTHX_ rv, classname, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
ba3a79e7 396#define savepvs(str) Perl_savepvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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397#define savesharedpvs(str) Perl_savesharedpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
398#define gv_stashpvs(str, create) \
399 Perl_gv_stashpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), create)
400#define gv_fetchpvs(namebeg, add, sv_type) \
401 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(namebeg), add, sv_type)
402#define gv_fetchpvn(namebeg, len, add, sv_type) \
403 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ namebeg, len, add, sv_type)
404#define sv_catxmlpvs(dsv, str, utf8) \
405 Perl_sv_catxmlpvn(aTHX_ dsv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), utf8)
a038e571
NC
406#define hv_fetchs(hv,key,lval) \
407 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
408 (lval) ? (HV_FETCH_JUST_SV | HV_FETCH_LVALUE) \
409 : HV_FETCH_JUST_SV, NULL, 0))
410
411#define hv_stores(hv,key,val) \
412 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
413 (HV_FETCH_ISSTORE|HV_FETCH_JUST_SV), (val), 0))
ba3a79e7 414
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415#define lex_stuff_pvs(pv,flags) Perl_lex_stuff_pvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(pv), flags)
416
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417#define get_cvs(str, flags) \
418 Perl_get_cvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), (flags))
5c1737d1 419
954c1994 420/*
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421=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
422
954c1994 423=for apidoc Am|bool|strNE|char* s1|char* s2
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424Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are different. Returns true
425or false.
954c1994
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426
427=for apidoc Am|bool|strEQ|char* s1|char* s2
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428Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are equal. Returns true or
429false.
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430
431=for apidoc Am|bool|strLT|char* s1|char* s2
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432Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than the
433second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
434
435=for apidoc Am|bool|strLE|char* s1|char* s2
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436Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than or
437equal to the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
438
439=for apidoc Am|bool|strGT|char* s1|char* s2
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440Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than
441the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
954c1994
GS
442
443=for apidoc Am|bool|strGE|char* s1|char* s2
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444Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than
445or equal to the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
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GS
446
447=for apidoc Am|bool|strnNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
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448Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are different. The C<len>
449parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
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450wrapper for C<strncmp>).
451
452=for apidoc Am|bool|strnEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
dc6b0978
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453Test two C<NUL>-terminated strings to see if they are equal. The C<len>
454parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
455wrapper for C<strncmp>).
954c1994 456
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457=for apidoc Am|bool|memEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
458Test two buffers (which may contain embedded C<NUL> characters, to see if they
459are equal. The C<len> parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare.
460Returns zero if equal, or non-zero if non-equal.
461
462=for apidoc Am|bool|memNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
463Test two buffers (which may contain embedded C<NUL> characters, to see if they
464are not equal. The C<len> parameter indicates the number of bytes to compare.
465Returns zero if non-equal, or non-zero if equal.
466
954c1994
GS
467=cut
468*/
469
8d063cd8
LW
470#define strNE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2))
471#define strEQ(s1,s2) (!strcmp(s1,s2))
472#define strLT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) < 0)
473#define strLE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) <= 0)
474#define strGT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) > 0)
475#define strGE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) >= 0)
476#define strnNE(s1,s2,l) (strncmp(s1,s2,l))
477#define strnEQ(s1,s2,l) (!strncmp(s1,s2,l))
378cc40b 478
36477c24
PP
479#ifdef HAS_MEMCMP
480# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l))
481# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!memcmp(s1,s2,l))
482#else
483# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (bcmp(s1,s2,l))
484# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!bcmp(s1,s2,l))
485#endif
486
568a785a 487#define memEQs(s1, l, s2) \
8e6497b6 488 (sizeof(s2)-1 == l && memEQ(s1, ("" s2 ""), (sizeof(s2)-1)))
568a785a
NC
489#define memNEs(s1, l, s2) !memEQs(s1, l, s2)
490
bbce6d69
PP
491/*
492 * Character classes.
493 *
494 * Unfortunately, the introduction of locales means that we
495 * can't trust isupper(), etc. to tell the truth. And when
496 * it comes to /\w+/ with tainting enabled, we *must* be able
497 * to trust our character classes.
498 *
499 * Therefore, the default tests in the text of Perl will be
500 * independent of locale. Any code that wants to depend on
501 * the current locale will use the tests that begin with "lc".
502 */
503
2304df62
AD
504#ifdef HAS_SETLOCALE /* XXX Is there a better test for this? */
505# ifndef CTYPE256
506# define CTYPE256
507# endif
508#endif
509
954c1994 510/*
ccfc67b7 511
dcccc8ff 512=head1 Character classification
243effed
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513This section is about functions (really macros) that classify characters
514into types, such as punctuation versus alphabetic, etc. Most of these are
515analogous to regular expression character classes. (See
516L<perlrecharclass/POSIX Character Classes>.) There are several variants for
517each class. (Not all macros have all variants; each item below lists the
518ones valid for it.) None are affected by C<use bytes>, and only the ones
519with C<LC> in the name are affected by the current locale.
520
521The base function, e.g., C<isALPHA()>, takes an octet (either a C<char> or a
522C<U8>) as input and returns a boolean as to whether or not the character
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523represented by that octet is (or on non-ASCII platforms, corresponds to) an
524ASCII character in the named class based on platform, Unicode, and Perl rules.
525If the input is a number that doesn't fit in an octet, FALSE is returned.
243effed 526
6aff1f14
KW
527Variant C<isFOO_A> (e.g., C<isALPHA_A()>) is identical to the base function
528with no suffix C<"_A">.
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529
530Variant C<isFOO_L1> imposes the Latin-1 (or EBCDIC equivlalent) character set
531onto the platform. That is, the code points that are ASCII are unaffected,
532since ASCII is a subset of Latin-1. But the non-ASCII code points are treated
533as if they are Latin-1 characters. For example, C<isWORDCHAR_L1()> will return
534true when called with the code point 0xDF, which is a word character in both
4650c663 535ASCII and EBCDIC (though it represents different characters in each).
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KW
536
537Variant C<isFOO_uni> is like the C<isFOO_L1> variant, but accepts any UV code
538point as input. If the code point is larger than 255, Unicode rules are used
539to determine if it is in the character class. For example,
6aff1f14
KW
540C<isWORDCHAR_uni(0x100)> returns TRUE, since 0x100 is LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
541WITH MACRON in Unicode, and is a word character.
243effed
KW
542
543Variant C<isFOO_utf8> is like C<isFOO_uni>, but the input is a pointer to a
dc6b0978
KW
544(known to be well-formed) UTF-8 encoded string (C<U8*> or C<char*>, and
545possibly containing embedded C<NUL> characters). The classification of just
546the first (possibly multi-byte) character in the string is tested.
243effed 547
31f05a37
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548Variant C<isFOO_LC> is like the C<isFOO_A> and C<isFOO_L1> variants, but the
549result is based on the current locale, which is what C<LC> in the name stands
550for. If Perl can determine that the current locale is a UTF-8 locale, it uses
551the published Unicode rules; otherwise, it uses the C library function that
552gives the named classification. For example, C<isDIGIT_LC()> when not in a
553UTF-8 locale returns the result of calling C<isdigit()>. FALSE is always
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554returned if the input won't fit into an octet. On some platforms where the C
555library function is known to be defective, Perl changes its result to follow
556the POSIX standard's rules.
243effed
KW
557
558Variant C<isFOO_LC_uvchr> is like C<isFOO_LC>, but is defined on any UV. It
559returns the same as C<isFOO_LC> for input code points less than 256, and
560returns the hard-coded, not-affected-by-locale, Unicode results for larger ones.
561
b7d90381 562Variant C<isFOO_LC_utf8> is like C<isFOO_LC_uvchr>, but the input is a pointer
dc6b0978
KW
563to a (known to be well-formed) UTF-8 encoded string (C<U8*> or C<char*>, and
564possibly containing embedded C<NUL> characters). The classification of just
565the first (possibly multi-byte) character in the string is tested.
ccfc67b7 566
954c1994 567=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHA|char ch
2787a470 568Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 569alphabetic character, analogous to C<m/[[:alpha:]]/>.
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570See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
571variants
e5ad6aba 572C<isALPHA_A>, C<isALPHA_L1>, C<isALPHA_uni>, C<isALPHA_utf8>, C<isALPHA_LC>,
243effed 573C<isALPHA_LC_uvchr>, and C<isALPHA_LC_utf8>.
8a58bdcf 574
15861f94
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575=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHANUMERIC|char ch
576Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a either an
6aff1f14 577alphabetic character or decimal digit, analogous to C<m/[[:alnum:]]/>.
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578See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
579variants
15861f94 580C<isALPHANUMERIC_A>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_L1>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_uni>,
e5ad6aba 581C<isALPHANUMERIC_utf8>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC>, C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr>, and
15861f94
KW
582C<isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8>.
583
8a58bdcf
KW
584=for apidoc Am|bool|isASCII|char ch
585Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is one of the 128
243effed 586characters in the ASCII character set, analogous to C<m/[[:ascii:]]/>.
e5ad6aba 587On non-ASCII platforms, it returns TRUE iff this
8a58bdcf
KW
588character corresponds to an ASCII character. Variants C<isASCII_A()> and
589C<isASCII_L1()> are identical to C<isASCII()>.
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590See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
591variants
243effed
KW
592C<isASCII_uni>, C<isASCII_utf8>, C<isASCII_LC>, C<isASCII_LC_uvchr>, and
593C<isASCII_LC_utf8>. Note, however, that some platforms do not have the C
594library routine C<isascii()>. In these cases, the variants whose names contain
595C<LC> are the same as the corresponding ones without.
596
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597Also note, that because all ASCII characters are UTF-8 invariant (meaning they
598have the exact same representation (always a single byte) whether encoded in
599UTF-8 or not), C<isASCII> will give the correct results when called with any
600byte in any string encoded or not in UTF-8. And similarly C<isASCII_utf8> will
601work properly on any string encoded or not in UTF-8.
602
243effed
KW
603=for apidoc Am|bool|isBLANK|char ch
604Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 605character considered to be a blank, analogous to C<m/[[:blank:]]/>.
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606See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
607variants
e5ad6aba 608C<isBLANK_A>, C<isBLANK_L1>, C<isBLANK_uni>, C<isBLANK_utf8>, C<isBLANK_LC>,
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KW
609C<isBLANK_LC_uvchr>, and C<isBLANK_LC_utf8>. Note, however, that some
610platforms do not have the C library routine C<isblank()>. In these cases, the
611variants whose names contain C<LC> are the same as the corresponding ones
612without.
613
614=for apidoc Am|bool|isCNTRL|char ch
615Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 616control character, analogous to C<m/[[:cntrl:]]/>.
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617See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
618variants
e5ad6aba 619C<isCNTRL_A>, C<isCNTRL_L1>, C<isCNTRL_uni>, C<isCNTRL_utf8>, C<isCNTRL_LC>,
6aff1f14
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620C<isCNTRL_LC_uvchr>, and C<isCNTRL_LC_utf8>
621On EBCDIC platforms, you almost always want to use the C<isCNTRL_L1> variant.
954c1994 622
954c1994 623=for apidoc Am|bool|isDIGIT|char ch
2787a470 624Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 625digit, analogous to C<m/[[:digit:]]/>.
8a58bdcf 626Variants C<isDIGIT_A> and C<isDIGIT_L1> are identical to C<isDIGIT>.
dcccc8ff
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627See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
628variants
e5ad6aba 629C<isDIGIT_uni>, C<isDIGIT_utf8>, C<isDIGIT_LC>, C<isDIGIT_LC_uvchr>, and
243effed
KW
630C<isDIGIT_LC_utf8>.
631
632=for apidoc Am|bool|isGRAPH|char ch
633Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 634graphic character, analogous to C<m/[[:graph:]]/>.
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635See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
636variants
e5ad6aba 637C<isGRAPH_A>, C<isGRAPH_L1>, C<isGRAPH_uni>, C<isGRAPH_utf8>, C<isGRAPH_LC>,
243effed 638C<isGRAPH_LC_uvchr>, and C<isGRAPH_LC_utf8>.
954c1994 639
0c82b6df 640=for apidoc Am|bool|isLOWER|char ch
2787a470 641Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 642lowercase character, analogous to C<m/[[:lower:]]/>.
dcccc8ff
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643See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
644variants
e5ad6aba 645C<isLOWER_A>, C<isLOWER_L1>, C<isLOWER_uni>, C<isLOWER_utf8>, C<isLOWER_LC>,
243effed 646C<isLOWER_LC_uvchr>, and C<isLOWER_LC_utf8>.
0c82b6df 647
c99e91e9 648=for apidoc Am|bool|isOCTAL|char ch
2787a470 649Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 650octal digit, [0-7].
243effed
KW
651The only two variants are C<isOCTAL_A> and C<isOCTAL_L1>; each is identical to
652C<isOCTAL>.
653
654=for apidoc Am|bool|isPUNCT|char ch
655Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14
KW
656punctuation character, analogous to C<m/[[:punct:]]/>.
657Note that the definition of what is punctuation isn't as
243effed
KW
658straightforward as one might desire. See L<perlrecharclass/POSIX Character
659Classes> for details.
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660See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
661variants
e5ad6aba 662C<isPUNCT_A>, C<isPUNCT_L1>, C<isPUNCT_uni>, C<isPUNCT_utf8>, C<isPUNCT_LC>,
243effed 663C<isPUNCT_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPUNCT_LC_utf8>.
c99e91e9 664
0c82b6df 665=for apidoc Am|bool|isSPACE|char ch
2787a470 666Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 667whitespace character. This is analogous
398d098a 668to what C<m/\s/> matches in a regular expression. Starting in Perl 5.18
779cf272 669this also matches what C<m/[[:space:]]/> does. Prior to 5.18, only the
398d098a
KW
670locale forms of this macro (the ones with C<LC> in their names) matched
671precisely what C<m/[[:space:]]/> does. In those releases, the only difference,
672in the non-locale variants, was that C<isSPACE()> did not match a vertical tab.
673(See L</isPSXSPC> for a macro that matches a vertical tab in all releases.)
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KW
674See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
675variants
e5ad6aba 676C<isSPACE_A>, C<isSPACE_L1>, C<isSPACE_uni>, C<isSPACE_utf8>, C<isSPACE_LC>,
243effed 677C<isSPACE_LC_uvchr>, and C<isSPACE_LC_utf8>.
0c82b6df 678
398d098a
KW
679=for apidoc Am|bool|isPSXSPC|char ch
680(short for Posix Space)
779cf272
KW
681Starting in 5.18, this is identical in all its forms to the
682corresponding C<isSPACE()> macros.
398d098a
KW
683The locale forms of this macro are identical to their corresponding
684C<isSPACE()> forms in all Perl releases. In releases prior to 5.18, the
685non-locale forms differ from their C<isSPACE()> forms only in that the
686C<isSPACE()> forms don't match a Vertical Tab, and the C<isPSXSPC()> forms do.
687Otherwise they are identical. Thus this macro is analogous to what
688C<m/[[:space:]]/> matches in a regular expression.
dcccc8ff 689See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
b7d90381
KW
690variants C<isPSXSPC_A>, C<isPSXSPC_L1>, C<isPSXSPC_uni>, C<isPSXSPC_utf8>,
691C<isPSXSPC_LC>, C<isPSXSPC_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPSXSPC_LC_utf8>.
398d098a 692
954c1994 693=for apidoc Am|bool|isUPPER|char ch
2787a470 694Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
6aff1f14 695uppercase character, analogous to C<m/[[:upper:]]/>.
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696See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
697variants
e5ad6aba 698C<isUPPER_A>, C<isUPPER_L1>, C<isUPPER_uni>, C<isUPPER_utf8>, C<isUPPER_LC>,
243effed 699C<isUPPER_LC_uvchr>, and C<isUPPER_LC_utf8>.
954c1994 700
243effed 701=for apidoc Am|bool|isPRINT|char ch
8eea39dd 702Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
6aff1f14 703printable character, analogous to C<m/[[:print:]]/>.
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KW
704See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
705variants
e5ad6aba 706C<isPRINT_A>, C<isPRINT_L1>, C<isPRINT_uni>, C<isPRINT_utf8>, C<isPRINT_LC>,
243effed
KW
707C<isPRINT_LC_uvchr>, and C<isPRINT_LC_utf8>.
708
709=for apidoc Am|bool|isWORDCHAR|char ch
710Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a character
711that is a word character, analogous to what C<m/\w/> and C<m/[[:word:]]/> match
712in a regular expression. A word character is an alphabetic character, a
713decimal digit, a connecting punctuation character (such as an underscore), or
714a "mark" character that attaches to one of those (like some sort of accent).
715C<isALNUM()> is a synonym provided for backward compatibility, even though a
716word character includes more than the standard C language meaning of
717alphanumeric.
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KW
718See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
719variants
1a83413c
KW
720C<isWORDCHAR_A>, C<isWORDCHAR_L1>, C<isWORDCHAR_uni>, and C<isWORDCHAR_utf8>.
721C<isWORDCHAR_LC>, C<isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr>, and C<isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8> are also as
722described there, but additionally include the platform's native underscore.
8a58bdcf
KW
723
724=for apidoc Am|bool|isXDIGIT|char ch
725Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a hexadecimal
243effed
KW
726digit. In the ASCII range these are C<[0-9A-Fa-f]>. Variants C<isXDIGIT_A()>
727and C<isXDIGIT_L1()> are identical to C<isXDIGIT()>.
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KW
728See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
729variants
243effed
KW
730C<isXDIGIT_uni>, C<isXDIGIT_utf8>, C<isXDIGIT_LC>, C<isXDIGIT_LC_uvchr>, and
731C<isXDIGIT_LC_utf8>.
732
3c3ecf18
KW
733=for apidoc Am|bool|isIDFIRST|char ch
734Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character can be the first
735character of an identifier. This is very close to, but not quite the same as
736the official Unicode property C<XID_Start>. The difference is that this
737returns true only if the input character also matches L</isWORDCHAR>.
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KW
738See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for an explanation of
739variants
3c3ecf18
KW
740C<isIDFIRST_A>, C<isIDFIRST_L1>, C<isIDFIRST_uni>, C<isIDFIRST_utf8>,
741C<isIDFIRST_LC>, C<isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr>, and C<isIDFIRST_LC_utf8>.
742
743=for apidoc Am|bool|isIDCONT|char ch
744Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character can be the
745second or succeeding character of an identifier. This is very close to, but
746not quite the same as the official Unicode property C<XID_Continue>. The
747difference is that this returns true only if the input character also matches
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KW
748L</isWORDCHAR>. See the L<top of this section|/Character classification> for
749an
3c3ecf18
KW
750explanation of variants C<isIDCONT_A>, C<isIDCONT_L1>, C<isIDCONT_uni>,
751C<isIDCONT_utf8>, C<isIDCONT_LC>, C<isIDCONT_LC_uvchr>, and
752C<isIDCONT_LC_utf8>.
753
243effed 754=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
8eea39dd 755
95a59cab 756=for apidoc Am|U8|READ_XDIGIT|char str*
243effed 757Returns the value of an ASCII-range hex digit and advances the string pointer.
95a59cab
YO
758Behaviour is only well defined when isXDIGIT(*str) is true.
759
e7c1e6c1
KW
760=head1 Character case changing
761
1f607577
KW
762=for apidoc Am|U8|toUPPER|U8 ch
763Converts the specified character to uppercase. If the input is anything but an
764ASCII lowercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
c753c8d3 765C<toUPPER_A> is equivalent.
954c1994 766
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KW
767=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_uni|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
768Converts the Unicode code point C<cp> to its uppercase version, and
769stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
770that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
771bytes since the uppercase version may be longer than the original character.
772
773The first code point of the uppercased version is returned
774(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
775
776=for apidoc Am|UV|toUPPER_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
777Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its uppercase version, and
778stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
779that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
780bytes since the uppercase version may be longer than the original character.
781
782The first code point of the uppercased version is returned
783(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
784
785The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
786
25200305
KW
787=for apidoc Am|U8|toFOLD|U8 ch
788Converts the specified character to foldcase. If the input is anything but an
789ASCII uppercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
790C<toFOLD_A> is equivalent. (There is no equivalent C<to_FOLD_L1> for the full
791Latin1 range, as the full generality of L</toFOLD_uni> is needed there.)
792
1f607577
KW
793=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_uni|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
794Converts the Unicode code point C<cp> to its foldcase version, and
795stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
796that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
797bytes since the foldcase version may be longer than the original character.
798
799The first code point of the foldcased version is returned
800(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
801
802=for apidoc Am|UV|toFOLD_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
803Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its foldcase version, and
804stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
805that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
806bytes since the foldcase version may be longer than the original character.
807
808The first code point of the foldcased version is returned
809(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
810
811The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
812
813=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER|U8 ch
814Converts the specified character to lowercase. If the input is anything but an
815ASCII uppercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
c753c8d3 816C<toLOWER_A> is equivalent.
954c1994 817
1f607577 818=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER_L1|U8 ch
b7d90381
KW
819Converts the specified Latin1 character to lowercase. The results are
820undefined if the input doesn't fit in a byte.
1f607577
KW
821
822=for apidoc Am|U8|toLOWER_LC|U8 ch
823Converts the specified character to lowercase using the current locale's rules,
824if possible; otherwise returns the input character itself.
825
826=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_uni|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
827Converts the Unicode code point C<cp> to its lowercase version, and
828stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
829that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
830bytes since the lowercase version may be longer than the original character.
831
832The first code point of the lowercased version is returned
833(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
834
835=for apidoc Am|UV|toLOWER_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
836Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its lowercase version, and
837stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
838that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
839bytes since the lowercase version may be longer than the original character.
840
841The first code point of the lowercased version is returned
842(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
843
844The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
845
25200305
KW
846=for apidoc Am|U8|toTITLE|U8 ch
847Converts the specified character to titlecase. If the input is anything but an
848ASCII lowercase character, that input character itself is returned. Variant
b7d90381
KW
849C<toTITLE_A> is equivalent. (There is no C<toTITLE_L1> for the full Latin1
850range, as the full generality of L</toTITLE_uni> is needed there. Titlecase is
851not a concept used in locale handling, so there is no functionality for that.)
25200305 852
1f607577
KW
853=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_uni|UV cp|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
854Converts the Unicode code point C<cp> to its titlecase version, and
855stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
856that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
857bytes since the titlecase version may be longer than the original character.
858
859The first code point of the titlecased version is returned
860(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
861
862=for apidoc Am|UV|toTITLE_utf8|U8* p|U8* s|STRLEN* lenp
863Converts the UTF-8 encoded character at C<p> to its titlecase version, and
864stores that in UTF-8 in C<s>, and its length in bytes in C<lenp>. Note
865that the buffer pointed to by C<s> needs to be at least C<UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE+1>
866bytes since the titlecase version may be longer than the original character.
867
868The first code point of the titlecased version is returned
869(but note, as explained just above, that there may be more.)
870
871The input character at C<p> is assumed to be well-formed.
872
954c1994 873=cut
353c9b6f 874
1f607577 875XXX Still undocumented isVERTWS_uni and _utf8; it's unclear what their names
25200305 876really should be. Also toUPPER_LC and toFOLD_LC, which are subject to change.
243effed 877
8a58bdcf 878Note that these macros are repeated in Devel::PPPort, so should also be
62fa66b6
KW
879patched there. The file as of this writing is cpan/Devel-PPPort/parts/inc/misc
880
954c1994
GS
881*/
882
7c062697
KW
883/* Specify the widest unsigned type on the platform. Use U64TYPE because U64
884 * is known only in the perl core, and this macro can be called from outside
885 * that */
886#ifdef HAS_QUAD
887# define WIDEST_UTYPE U64TYPE
888#else
889# define WIDEST_UTYPE U32
890#endif
891
3912bc88
KW
892/* FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) returns true if c doesn't have a bit set other than in
893 * the lower 8. It is designed to be hopefully bomb-proof, making sure that no
894 * bits of information are lost even on a 64-bit machine, but to get the
895 * compiler to optimize it out if possible. This is because Configure makes
896 * sure that the machine has an 8-bit byte, so if c is stored in a byte, the
897 * sizeof() guarantees that this evaluates to a constant true at compile time.
7e75d1a1
JH
898 *
899 * For Coverity, be always true, because otherwise Coverity thinks
900 * it finds several expressions that are always true, independent
901 * of operands. Well, they are, but that is kind of the point.
220c71bf 902 */
7e75d1a1 903#ifndef __COVERITY__
220c71bf 904#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) ((sizeof(c) == 1) || !(((WIDEST_UTYPE)(c)) & ~0xFF))
7e75d1a1
JH
905#else
906#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) (1)
907#endif
cf301eb7 908
41f43cc2 909#ifdef EBCDIC
b6340bd0 910# ifndef _ALL_SOURCE
0852beac
KW
911 /* The native libc isascii() et.al. functions return the wrong results
912 * on at least z/OS unless this is defined. */
b6340bd0
KW
913# error _ALL_SOURCE should probably be defined
914# endif
41f43cc2 915#else
0852beac
KW
916 /* There is a simple definition of ASCII for ASCII platforms. But the
917 * EBCDIC one isn't so simple, so is defined using table look-up like the
9c903d59
LM
918 * other macros below.
919 * The '| 0' part ensures that c is an integer (and not e.g. a pointer) */
920# define isASCII(c) ((WIDEST_UTYPE)((c) | 0) < 128)
41f43cc2
KW
921#endif
922
c2da0b36
KW
923/* The lower 3 bits in both the ASCII and EBCDIC representations of '0' are 0,
924 * and the 8 possible permutations of those bits exactly comprise the 8 octal
925 * digits */
3d33b3e3 926#define isOCTAL_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (0xF8 & (c)) == '0')
c2da0b36 927
9fb1bf9d 928#ifdef H_PERL /* If have access to perl.h, lookup in its table */
f4cdb42c 929
a500dc72
KW
930/* Character class numbers. For internal core Perl use only. The ones less
931 * than 32 are used in PL_charclass[] and the ones up through the one that
932 * corresponds to <_HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC> are used by regcomp.h and
933 * related files. PL_charclass ones use names used in l1_char_class_tab.h but
934 * their actual definitions are here. If that file has a name not used here,
935 * it won't compile.
1709d539
KW
936 *
937 * The first group of these is ordered in what I (khw) estimate to be the
31c7f561
KW
938 * frequency of their use. This gives a slight edge to exiting a loop earlier
939 * (in reginclass() in regexec.c) */
1709d539
KW
940# define _CC_WORDCHAR 0 /* \w and [:word:] */
941# define _CC_DIGIT 1 /* \d and [:digit:] */
942# define _CC_ALPHA 2 /* [:alpha:] */
943# define _CC_LOWER 3 /* [:lower:] */
944# define _CC_UPPER 4 /* [:upper:] */
945# define _CC_PUNCT 5 /* [:punct:] */
946# define _CC_PRINT 6 /* [:print:] */
15861f94 947# define _CC_ALPHANUMERIC 7 /* [:alnum:] */
1709d539 948# define _CC_GRAPH 8 /* [:graph:] */
b0d691b2 949# define _CC_CASED 9 /* [:lower:] and [:upper:] under /i */
1709d539 950
b0d691b2 951#define _FIRST_NON_SWASH_CC 10
1709d539
KW
952/* The character classes above are implemented with swashes. The second group
953 * (just below) contains the ones implemented without. These are also sorted
954 * in rough order of the frequency of their use, except that \v should be last,
955 * as it isn't a real Posix character class, and some (small) inefficiencies in
956 * regular expression handling would be introduced by putting it in the middle
957 * of those that are. Also, cntrl and ascii come after the others as it may be
958 * useful to group these which have no members that match above Latin1, (or
959 * above ASCII in the latter case) */
960
779cf272 961# define _CC_SPACE 10 /* \s, [:space:] */
b0d691b2
KW
962# define _CC_BLANK 11 /* [:blank:] */
963# define _CC_XDIGIT 12 /* [:xdigit:] */
779cf272
KW
964# define _CC_CNTRL 13 /* [:cntrl:] */
965# define _CC_ASCII 14 /* [:ascii:] */
966# define _CC_VERTSPACE 15 /* \v */
1709d539 967
a0947d7b
KW
968# define _HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC _CC_VERTSPACE
969
1709d539 970/* The members of the third group below do not need to be coordinated with data
3ffc8c70 971 * structures in regcomp.[ch] and regexec.c. */
779cf272
KW
972# define _CC_IDFIRST 16
973# define _CC_CHARNAME_CONT 17
974# define _CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD 18
975# define _CC_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD 19
976# define _CC_QUOTEMETA 20
977# define _CC_NON_FINAL_FOLD 21
978# define _CC_IS_IN_SOME_FOLD 22
979# define _CC_MNEMONIC_CNTRL 23
073c22b3
KW
980
981/* This next group is only used on EBCDIC platforms, so theoretically could be
982 * shared with something entirely different that's only on ASCII platforms */
5d5376e2
KW
983# define _CC_UTF8_START_BYTE_IS_FOR_AT_LEAST_SURROGATE 28
984# define _CC_UTF8_IS_START 29
985# define _CC_UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START 30
986# define _CC_UTF8_IS_CONTINUATION 31
987/* Unused: 24-27
f4cdb42c
KW
988 * If more bits are needed, one could add a second word for non-64bit
989 * QUAD_IS_INT systems, using some #ifdefs to distinguish between having a 2nd
37ede926
KW
990 * word or not. The IS_IN_SOME_FOLD bit is the most easily expendable, as it
991 * is used only for optimization (as of this writing), and differs in the
992 * Latin1 range from the ALPHA bit only in two relatively unimportant
a500dc72 993 * characters: the masculine and feminine ordinal indicators, so removing it
073c22b3
KW
994 * would just cause /i regexes which match them to run less efficiently.
995 * Similarly the EBCDIC-only bits are used just for speed, and could be
996 * replaced by other means */
96ac0975 997
3a371f2f
KW
998#if defined(PERL_CORE) || defined(PERL_EXT)
999/* An enum version of the character class numbers, to help compilers
1000 * optimize */
1001typedef enum {
3a371f2f 1002 _CC_ENUM_ALPHA = _CC_ALPHA,
e8d596e0
KW
1003 _CC_ENUM_ALPHANUMERIC = _CC_ALPHANUMERIC,
1004 _CC_ENUM_ASCII = _CC_ASCII,
1005 _CC_ENUM_BLANK = _CC_BLANK,
b0d691b2 1006 _CC_ENUM_CASED = _CC_CASED,
e8d596e0 1007 _CC_ENUM_CNTRL = _CC_CNTRL,
3a371f2f
KW
1008 _CC_ENUM_DIGIT = _CC_DIGIT,
1009 _CC_ENUM_GRAPH = _CC_GRAPH,
1010 _CC_ENUM_LOWER = _CC_LOWER,
1011 _CC_ENUM_PRINT = _CC_PRINT,
1012 _CC_ENUM_PUNCT = _CC_PUNCT,
e8d596e0 1013 _CC_ENUM_SPACE = _CC_SPACE,
3a371f2f 1014 _CC_ENUM_UPPER = _CC_UPPER,
e8d596e0 1015 _CC_ENUM_VERTSPACE = _CC_VERTSPACE,
3a371f2f 1016 _CC_ENUM_WORDCHAR = _CC_WORDCHAR,
e8d596e0 1017 _CC_ENUM_XDIGIT = _CC_XDIGIT
3a371f2f
KW
1018} _char_class_number;
1019#endif
1020
63c61c3f 1021#define POSIX_SWASH_COUNT _FIRST_NON_SWASH_CC
86f72d56 1022#define POSIX_CC_COUNT (_HIGHEST_REGCOMP_DOT_H_SYNC + 1)
63c61c3f 1023
b7d90381
KW
1024#if defined(PERL_IN_UTF8_C) \
1025 || defined(PERL_IN_REGCOMP_C) \
1026 || defined(PERL_IN_REGEXEC_C)
922e8cb4 1027# if _CC_WORDCHAR != 0 || _CC_DIGIT != 1 || _CC_ALPHA != 2 || _CC_LOWER != 3 \
b0d691b2
KW
1028 || _CC_UPPER != 4 || _CC_PUNCT != 5 || _CC_PRINT != 6 \
1029 || _CC_ALPHANUMERIC != 7 || _CC_GRAPH != 8 || _CC_CASED != 9
922e8cb4
KW
1030 #error Need to adjust order of swash_property_names[]
1031# endif
1032
b44daeeb
KW
1033/* This is declared static in each of the few files that this is #defined for
1034 * to keep them from being publicly accessible. Hence there is a small amount
1035 * of wasted space */
1036
922e8cb4
KW
1037static const char* const swash_property_names[] = {
1038 "XPosixWord",
1039 "XPosixDigit",
1040 "XPosixAlpha",
1041 "XPosixLower",
1042 "XPosixUpper",
1043 "XPosixPunct",
1044 "XPosixPrint",
1045 "XPosixAlnum",
b0d691b2
KW
1046 "XPosixGraph",
1047 "Cased"
922e8cb4
KW
1048};
1049#endif
1050
6635f04f 1051START_EXTERN_C
96ac0975
NC
1052# ifdef DOINIT
1053EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[] = {
1054# include "l1_char_class_tab.h"
1055};
1056
1057# else /* ! DOINIT */
1058EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[];
1059# endif
6635f04f 1060END_EXTERN_C
96ac0975 1061
265c1f46 1062 /* The 1U keeps Solaris from griping when shifting sets the uppermost bit */
430b7c70 1063# define _CC_mask(classnum) (1U << (classnum))
4650c663
KW
1064
1065 /* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1066 * isALPHA */
ff7ecfc3 1067# define _generic_isCC(c, classnum) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
f4cd282c 1068 && (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(classnum)))
4eeeb416 1069
f4cdb42c
KW
1070 /* The mask for the _A versions of the macros; it just adds in the bit for
1071 * ASCII. */
1072# define _CC_mask_A(classnum) (_CC_mask(classnum) | _CC_mask(_CC_ASCII))
1073
4650c663
KW
1074 /* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1075 * isALPHA_A. The foo_A version makes sure that both the desired bit and
1076 * the ASCII bit are present */
b7d90381
KW
1077# define _generic_isCC_A(c, classnum) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1078 && ((PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask_A(classnum)) \
1079 == _CC_mask_A(classnum)))
f4cdb42c 1080
f4cdb42c 1081# define isALPHA_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_ALPHA)
15861f94 1082# define isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC)
f4cdb42c
KW
1083# define isBLANK_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_BLANK)
1084# define isCNTRL_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_CNTRL)
96ca48da 1085# define isDIGIT_A(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_DIGIT) /* No non-ASCII digits */
f4cdb42c
KW
1086# define isGRAPH_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_GRAPH)
1087# define isLOWER_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_LOWER)
1088# define isPRINT_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_PRINT)
f4cdb42c
KW
1089# define isPUNCT_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_PUNCT)
1090# define isSPACE_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_SPACE)
1091# define isUPPER_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_UPPER)
1092# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_WORDCHAR)
b7d90381
KW
1093# define isXDIGIT_A(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_XDIGIT) /* No non-ASCII xdigits
1094 */
d95f8b6a 1095# define isIDFIRST_A(c) _generic_isCC_A(c, _CC_IDFIRST)
3ded5eb0
KW
1096# define isALPHA_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ALPHA)
1097# define isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC)
1098# define isBLANK_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_BLANK)
1099
1100 /* continuation character for legal NAME in \N{NAME} */
1101# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_CHARNAME_CONT)
1102
1103# define isCNTRL_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_CNTRL)
1104# define isGRAPH_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_GRAPH)
1105# define isLOWER_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_LOWER)
1106# define isPRINT_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_PRINT)
b7d90381 1107# define isPSXSPC_L1(c) isSPACE_L1(c)
3ded5eb0
KW
1108# define isPUNCT_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_PUNCT)
1109# define isSPACE_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_SPACE)
1110# define isUPPER_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_UPPER)
1111# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_WORDCHAR)
1112# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_IDFIRST)
f4cdb42c 1113
0852beac
KW
1114# ifdef EBCDIC
1115# define isASCII(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_ASCII)
1116# endif
1117
f12c0118
KW
1118 /* Participates in a single-character fold with a character above 255 */
1119# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(_CC_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD)))
1120
1121 /* Like the above, but also can be part of a multi-char fold */
f4cd282c 1122# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(_CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD)))
430b7c70 1123
4eeeb416 1124# define _isQUOTEMETA(c) _generic_isCC(c, _CC_QUOTEMETA)
26faadbd 1125# define _IS_NON_FINAL_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
b7d90381 1126 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_NON_FINAL_FOLD)
37ede926 1127# define _IS_IN_SOME_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
b7d90381 1128 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_IS_IN_SOME_FOLD)
8e35b056
KW
1129# define _IS_MNEMONIC_CNTRL_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) \
1130 _generic_isCC(c, _CC_MNEMONIC_CNTRL)
687c8d01 1131#else /* else we don't have perl.h H_PERL */
3ded5eb0
KW
1132
1133 /* If we don't have perl.h, we are compiling a utility program. Below we
1134 * hard-code various macro definitions that wouldn't otherwise be available
0852beac
KW
1135 * to it. Most are coded based on first principals. First some ones common
1136 * to both ASCII and EBCDIC */
1137# define isDIGIT_A(c) ((c) <= '9' && (c) >= '0')
1138# define isBLANK_A(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')
1139# define isSPACE_A(c) (isBLANK_A(c) \
1140 || (c) == '\n' \
1141 || (c) == '\r' \
1142 || (c) == '\v' \
1143 || (c) == '\f')
1144# ifdef EBCDIC /* There are gaps between 'i' and 'j'; 'r' and 's'. Same
1145 for uppercase. This is ordered to exclude most things
1146 early */
1147# define isLOWER_A(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z' \
1148 && ((c) <= 'i' \
1149 || ((c) >= 'j' && (c) <= 'r') \
1150 || (c) >= 's'))
1151# define isUPPER_A(c) ((c) >= 'A' && (c) <= 'Z' \
1152 && ((c) <= 'I' \
1153 || ((c) >= 'J' && (c) <= 'R') \
1154 || (c) >= 'S'))
1155# else /* ASCII platform. */
9fb1bf9d 1156# define isLOWER_A(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z')
2181da29 1157# define isUPPER_A(c) ((c) <= 'Z' && (c) >= 'A')
0852beac
KW
1158# endif
1159
1160 /* Some more ASCII, non-ASCII common definitions */
a4d7a999
KW
1161# define isALPHA_A(c) (isUPPER_A(c) || isLOWER_A(c))
1162# define isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
3ded5eb0 1163# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) (isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) || (c) == '_')
0852beac
KW
1164# define isIDFIRST_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || (c) == '_')
1165# define isXDIGIT_A(c) (isDIGIT_A(c) \
1166 || ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'f') \
a4d7a999 1167 || ((c) <= 'F' && (c) >= 'A'))
3ded5eb0 1168
0852beac
KW
1169# ifdef EBCDIC
1170# define isPUNCT_A(c) ((c) == '-' || (c) == '!' || (c) == '"' \
1171 || (c) == '#' || (c) == '$' || (c) == '%' \
1172 || (c) == '&' || (c) == '\'' || (c) == '(' \
1173 || (c) == ')' || (c) == '*' || (c) == '+' \
1174 || (c) == ',' || (c) == '.' || (c) == '/' \
1175 || (c) == ':' || (c) == ';' || (c) == '<' \
1176 || (c) == '=' || (c) == '>' || (c) == '?' \
1177 || (c) == '@' || (c) == '[' || (c) == '\\' \
1178 || (c) == ']' || (c) == '^' || (c) == '_' \
1179 || (c) == '`' || (c) == '{' || (c) == '|' \
1180 || (c) == '}' || (c) == '~')
1181# define isGRAPH_A(c) (isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) || isPUNCT_A(c))
1182# define isPRINT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) || (c) == ' ')
1183
1184# ifdef QUESTION_MARK_CTRL
1185# define _isQMC(c) ((c) == QUESTION_MARK_CTRL)
1186# else
1187# define _isQMC(c) 0
1188# endif
1189
1190 /* I (khw) can't think of a way to define all the ASCII controls
1191 * without resorting to a libc (locale-sensitive) call. But we know
1192 * that all controls but the question-mark one are in the range 0-0x3f.
1193 * This makes sure that all the controls that have names are included,
1194 * and all controls that are also considered ASCII in the locale. This
1195 * may include more or fewer than what it actually should, but the
1196 * wrong ones are less-important controls, so likely won't impact
1197 * things (keep in mind that this is compiled only if perl.h isn't
1198 * available). The question mark control is included if available */
1199# define isCNTRL_A(c) (((c) < 0x40 && isascii(c)) \
1200 || (c) == '\0' || (c) == '\a' || (c) == '\b' \
1201 || (c) == '\f' || (c) == '\n' || (c) == '\r' \
1202 || (c) == '\t' || (c) == '\v' || _isQMC(c))
1203
1204# define isASCII(c) (isCNTRL_A(c) || isPRINT_A(c))
1205# else /* ASCII platform; things are simpler, and isASCII has already
1206 been defined */
1207# define isGRAPH_A(c) (((c) > ' ' && (c) < 127))
1208# define isPRINT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) || (c) == ' ')
1209# define isPUNCT_A(c) (isGRAPH_A(c) && (! isALPHANUMERIC_A(c)))
1210# define isCNTRL_A(c) (isASCII(c) && (! isPRINT_A(c)))
1211# endif
1212
3ffc8c70 1213 /* The _L1 macros may be unnecessary for the utilities; I (khw) added them
caa94d35
KW
1214 * during debugging, and it seems best to keep them. We may be called
1215 * without NATIVE_TO_LATIN1 being defined. On ASCII platforms, it doesn't
1216 * do anything anyway, so make it not a problem */
1217# if ! defined(EBCDIC) && ! defined(NATIVE_TO_LATIN1)
1218# define NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(ch) (ch)
1219# endif
3ded5eb0
KW
1220# define isALPHA_L1(c) (isUPPER_L1(c) || isLOWER_L1(c))
1221# define isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c) (isALPHA_L1(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
1222# define isBLANK_L1(c) (isBLANK_A(c) \
1223 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1224 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA0))
1225# define isCNTRL_L1(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (! isPRINT_L1(c)))
1226# define isGRAPH_L1(c) (isPRINT_L1(c) && (! isBLANK_L1(c)))
1227# define isLOWER_L1(c) (isLOWER_A(c) \
1228 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1229 && ((NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xDF \
1230 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) != 0xF7) \
1231 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xAA \
1232 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBA \
1233 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB5)))
1234# define isPRINT_L1(c) (isPRINT_A(c) \
1235 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1236 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xA0))
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1237# define isPUNCT_L1(c) (isPUNCT_A(c) \
1238 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1239 && (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA1 \
1240 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA7 \
1241 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xAB \
1242 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB6 \
1243 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xB7 \
1244 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBB \
1245 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xBF)))
1246# define isSPACE_L1(c) (isSPACE_A(c) \
1247 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1248 && (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0x85 \
1249 || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) == 0xA0)))
1250# define isUPPER_L1(c) (isUPPER_A(c) \
1251 || (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1252 && (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) >= 0xC0 \
1253 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) <= 0xDE \
1254 && NATIVE_TO_LATIN1((U8) c) != 0xD7)))
1255# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) (isIDFIRST_L1(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
1256# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) (isALPHA_L1(c) || NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(c) == '_')
1257# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) (isWORDCHAR_L1(c) \
1258 || isBLANK_L1(c) \
1259 || (c) == '-' \
1260 || (c) == '(' \
1261 || (c) == ')')
1262 /* The following are not fully accurate in the above-ASCII range. I (khw)
1263 * don't think it's necessary to be so for the purposes where this gets
1264 * compiled */
1265# define _isQUOTEMETA(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && ! isWORDCHAR_L1(c))
1266# define _IS_IN_SOME_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
1267
1268 /* And these aren't accurate at all. They are useful only for above
1269 * Latin1, which utilities and bootstrapping don't deal with */
1270# define _IS_NON_FINAL_FOLD_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C(c) 0
6838b41e 1271# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_SIMPLE_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) 0
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1272# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) 0
1273
1274 /* Many of the macros later in this file are defined in terms of these. By
1275 * implementing them with a function, which converts the class number into
1276 * a call to the desired macro, all of the later ones work. However, that
1277 * function won't be actually defined when building a utility program (no
1278 * perl.h), and so a compiler error will be generated if one is attempted
1279 * to be used. And the above-Latin1 code points require Unicode tables to
1280 * be present, something unlikely to be the case when bootstrapping */
1281# define _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
1282 (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && S_bootstrap_ctype((U8) (c), (classnum), TRUE))
1283# define _generic_isCC_A(c, classnum) \
1284 (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && S_bootstrap_ctype((U8) (c), (classnum), FALSE))
687c8d01 1285#endif /* End of no perl.h H_PERL */
8a58bdcf 1286
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1287#define isALPHANUMERIC(c) isALPHANUMERIC_A(c)
1288#define isALPHA(c) isALPHA_A(c)
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1289#define isASCII_A(c) isASCII(c)
1290#define isASCII_L1(c) isASCII(c)
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1291#define isBLANK(c) isBLANK_A(c)
1292#define isCNTRL(c) isCNTRL_A(c)
1293#define isDIGIT(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
1294#define isGRAPH(c) isGRAPH_A(c)
1295#define isIDFIRST(c) isIDFIRST_A(c)
1296#define isLOWER(c) isLOWER_A(c)
1297#define isPRINT(c) isPRINT_A(c)
779cf272 1298#define isPSXSPC_A(c) isSPACE_A(c)
e66b99e9 1299#define isPSXSPC(c) isPSXSPC_A(c)
779cf272 1300#define isPSXSPC_L1(c) isSPACE_L1(c)
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1301#define isPUNCT(c) isPUNCT_A(c)
1302#define isSPACE(c) isSPACE_A(c)
1303#define isUPPER(c) isUPPER_A(c)
1304#define isWORDCHAR(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
1305#define isXDIGIT(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
1306
1307/* ASCII casing. These could also be written as
1308 #define toLOWER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toLOWER_LATIN1(c) : (c))
1309 #define toUPPER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) : (c))
1310 which uses table lookup and mask instead of subtraction. (This would
1311 work because the _MOD does not apply in the ASCII range) */
68067e4e
DM
1312#define toLOWER(c) (isUPPER(c) ? (U8)((c) + ('a' - 'A')) : (c))
1313#define toUPPER(c) (isLOWER(c) ? (U8)((c) - ('a' - 'A')) : (c))
bbce6d69 1314
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1315/* In the ASCII range, these are equivalent to what they're here defined to be.
1316 * But by creating these definitions, other code doesn't have to be aware of
1317 * this detail */
1318#define toFOLD(c) toLOWER(c)
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1319#define toTITLE(c) toUPPER(c)
1320
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1321#define toLOWER_A(c) toLOWER(c)
1322#define toUPPER_A(c) toUPPER(c)
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1323#define toFOLD_A(c) toFOLD(c)
1324#define toTITLE_A(c) toTITLE(c)
1a0901db 1325
4650c663 1326/* Use table lookup for speed; returns the input itself if is out-of-range */
b2bf251f 1327#define toLOWER_LATIN1(c) ((! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
8e7c6e7d 1328 ? (c) \
f4cd282c 1329 : PL_latin1_lc[ (U8) (c) ])
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1330#define toLOWER_L1(c) toLOWER_LATIN1(c) /* Synonym for consistency */
1331
1a0901db 1332/* Modified uc. Is correct uc except for three non-ascii chars which are
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1333 * all mapped to one of them, and these need special handling; returns the
1334 * input itself if is out-of-range */
b2bf251f 1335#define toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) ((! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
8e7c6e7d 1336 ? (c) \
f4cd282c 1337 : PL_mod_latin1_uc[ (U8) (c) ])
31f05a37 1338#define IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE PL_in_utf8_CTYPE_locale
84061b6a 1339
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1340/* Use foo_LC_uvchr() instead of these for beyond the Latin1 range */
1341
1342/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macro for defining macros like
1343 * isALPHA_LC, which uses the current LC_CTYPE locale. 'c' is the code point
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1344 * (0-255) to check. In a UTF-8 locale, the result is the same as calling
1345 * isFOO_L1(); the 'utf8_locale_classnum' parameter is something like
1346 * _CC_UPPER, which gives the class number for doing this. For non-UTF-8
1347 * locales, the code to actually do the test this is passed in 'non_utf8'. If
1348 * 'c' is above 255, 0 is returned. For accessing the full range of possible
1349 * code points under locale rules, use the macros based on _generic_LC_uvchr
1350 * instead of this. */
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1351#define _generic_LC_base(c, utf8_locale_classnum, non_utf8) \
1352 (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1353 ? 0 \
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1354 : IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE \
1355 ? cBOOL(PL_charclass[(U8) (c)] & _CC_mask(utf8_locale_classnum)) \
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1356 : cBOOL(non_utf8))
1357
1358/* For internal core Perl use only: a helper macro for defining macros like
1359 * isALPHA_LC. 'c' is the code point (0-255) to check. The function name to
1360 * actually do this test is passed in 'non_utf8_func', which is called on 'c',
1361 * casting 'c' to the macro _LC_CAST, which should not be parenthesized. See
1362 * _generic_LC_base for more info */
1363#define _generic_LC(c, utf8_locale_classnum, non_utf8_func) \
1364 _generic_LC_base(c,utf8_locale_classnum, \
1365 non_utf8_func( (_LC_CAST) (c)))
1366
1367/* For internal core Perl use only: like _generic_LC, but also returns TRUE if
1368 * 'c' is the platform's native underscore character */
1369#define _generic_LC_underscore(c,utf8_locale_classnum,non_utf8_func) \
1370 _generic_LC_base(c, utf8_locale_classnum, \
1371 (non_utf8_func( (_LC_CAST) (c)) \
1372 || (char)(c) == '_'))
1373
1374/* These next three are also for internal core Perl use only: case-change
1375 * helper macros */
1376#define _generic_toLOWER_LC(c, function, cast) (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1377 ? (c) \
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1378 : (IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
1379 ? PL_latin1_lc[ (U8) (c) ] \
d2a8cf7f 1380 : (cast)function((cast)(c)))
beab9ebe 1381
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KW
1382/* Note that the result can be larger than a byte in a UTF-8 locale. It
1383 * returns a single value, so can't adequately return the upper case of LATIN
1384 * SMALL LETTER SHARP S in a UTF-8 locale (which should be a string of two
1385 * values "SS"); instead it asserts against that under DEBUGGING, and
1386 * otherwise returns its input */
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1387#define _generic_toUPPER_LC(c, function, cast) \
1388 (! FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
1389 ? (c) \
31f05a37 1390 : ((! IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
b7d90381 1391 ? (cast)function((cast)(c)) \
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1392 : ((((U8)(c)) == MICRO_SIGN) \
1393 ? GREEK_CAPITAL_LETTER_MU \
1394 : ((((U8)(c)) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS) \
1395 ? LATIN_CAPITAL_LETTER_Y_WITH_DIAERESIS \
1396 : ((((U8)(c)) == LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S) \
1397 ? (__ASSERT_(0) (c)) \
1398 : PL_mod_latin1_uc[ (U8) (c) ])))))
1399
1400/* Note that the result can be larger than a byte in a UTF-8 locale. It
1401 * returns a single value, so can't adequately return the fold case of LATIN
1402 * SMALL LETTER SHARP S in a UTF-8 locale (which should be a string of two
1403 * values "ss"); instead it asserts against that under DEBUGGING, and
1404 * otherwise returns its input */
beab9ebe 1405#define _generic_toFOLD_LC(c, function, cast) \
4d7db1b9 1406 ((UNLIKELY((c) == MICRO_SIGN) && IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) \
31f05a37 1407 ? GREEK_SMALL_LETTER_MU \
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1408 : (__ASSERT_(! IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE \
1409 || (c) != LATIN_SMALL_LETTER_SHARP_S) \
1410 _generic_toLOWER_LC(c, function, cast)))
beab9ebe 1411
84061b6a 1412/* Use the libc versions for these if available. */
f05550c0 1413#if defined(HAS_ISASCII)
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1414# define isASCII_LC(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && isascii( (U8) (c)))
1415#else
1416# define isASCII_LC(c) isASCII(c)
1417#endif
1418
f05550c0 1419#if defined(HAS_ISBLANK)
84061b6a 1420# define isBLANK_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_BLANK, isblank)
95f34b6f 1421#else /* Unlike isASCII, varies if in a UTF-8 locale */
278b2b56 1422# define isBLANK_LC(c) ((IN_UTF8_CTYPE_LOCALE) ? isBLANK_L1(c) : isBLANK(c))
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1423#endif
1424
f05550c0 1425#define _LC_CAST U8
bbce6d69 1426
f05550c0 1427#ifdef WIN32
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1428 /* The Windows functions don't bother to follow the POSIX standard, which
1429 * for example says that something can't both be a printable and a control.
1430 * But Windows treats the \t control as a printable, and does such things
1431 * as making superscripts into both digits and punctuation. This tames
1432 * these flaws by assuming that the definitions of both controls and space
1433 * are correct, and then making sure that other definitions don't have
1434 * weirdnesses, by making sure that isalnum() isn't also ispunct(), etc.
1435 * Not all possible weirdnesses are checked for, just the ones that were
1436 * detected on actual Microsoft code pages */
1437
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1438# define isCNTRL_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_CNTRL, iscntrl)
1439# define isSPACE_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_SPACE, isspace)
1440
1441# define isALPHA_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHA, isalpha) \
1442 && isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
1443# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, isalnum) && \
1444 ! isPUNCT_LC(c))
1445# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_DIGIT, isdigit) && \
1446 isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
1447# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_GRAPH, isgraph) && isPRINT_LC(c))
1448# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (((c) == '_') \
1449 || (_generic_LC(c, _CC_IDFIRST, isalpha) && ! isPUNCT_LC(c)))
1450# define isLOWER_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_LOWER, islower) && isALPHA_LC(c))
1451# define isPRINT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_PRINT, isprint) && ! isCNTRL_LC(c))
1452# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_PUNCT, ispunct) && ! isCNTRL_LC(c))
1453# define isUPPER_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_UPPER, isupper) && isALPHA_LC(c))
f05550c0 1454# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) (((c) == '_') || isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
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1455# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) (_generic_LC(c, _CC_XDIGIT, isxdigit) \
1456 && isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c))
f05550c0
BF
1457
1458# define toLOWER_LC(c) _generic_toLOWER_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1459# define toUPPER_LC(c) _generic_toUPPER_LC((c), toupper, U8)
1460# define toFOLD_LC(c) _generic_toFOLD_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1461
1462#elif defined(CTYPE256) || (!defined(isascii) && !defined(HAS_ISASCII))
4650c663 1463 /* For most other platforms */
beab9ebe 1464
f05550c0
BF
1465# define isALPHA_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHA, isalpha)
1466# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, isalnum)
1467# define isCNTRL_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_CNTRL, iscntrl)
1468# define isDIGIT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_DIGIT, isdigit)
1469# define isGRAPH_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_GRAPH, isgraph)
1470# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) _generic_LC_underscore(c, _CC_IDFIRST, isalpha)
1471# define isLOWER_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_LOWER, islower)
1472# define isPRINT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_PRINT, isprint)
1473# define isPUNCT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_PUNCT, ispunct)
1474# define isSPACE_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_SPACE, isspace)
1475# define isUPPER_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_UPPER, isupper)
1476# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) _generic_LC_underscore(c, _CC_WORDCHAR, isalnum)
1477# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) _generic_LC(c, _CC_XDIGIT, isxdigit)
1478
1479
1480# define toLOWER_LC(c) _generic_toLOWER_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1481# define toUPPER_LC(c) _generic_toUPPER_LC((c), toupper, U8)
1482# define toFOLD_LC(c) _generic_toFOLD_LC((c), tolower, U8)
1483
1484#else /* The final fallback position */
1485
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1486# define isALPHA_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalpha(c))
1487# define isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalnum(c))
1488# define isCNTRL_LC(c) (isascii(c) && iscntrl(c))
1489# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isdigit(c))
1490# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isgraph(c))
f05550c0 1491# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalpha(c) || (c) == '_'))
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1492# define isLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && islower(c))
1493# define isPRINT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isprint(c))
1494# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && ispunct(c))
1495# define isSPACE_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isspace(c))
1496# define isUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isupper(c))
f05550c0 1497# define isWORDCHAR_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalnum(c) || (c) == '_'))
b7d90381 1498# define isXDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isxdigit(c))
f05550c0
BF
1499
1500# define toLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
1501# define toUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? toupper(c) : (c))
1502# define toFOLD_LC(c) (isascii(c) ? tolower(c) : (c))
bbce6d69 1503
f05550c0 1504#endif
55204971 1505
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1506#define isIDCONT(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
1507#define isIDCONT_A(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
1508#define isIDCONT_L1(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
1509#define isIDCONT_LC(c) isWORDCHAR_LC(c)
13380643 1510#define isPSXSPC_LC(c) isSPACE_LC(c)
aaa51d5e 1511
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1512/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1513 * isALPHA_uni. 'c' is the code point to check. 'classnum' is the POSIX class
1514 * number defined earlier in this file. _generic_uni() is used for POSIX
1515 * classes where there is a macro or function 'above_latin1' that takes the
1516 * single argument 'c' and returns the desired value. These exist for those
1517 * classes which have simple definitions, avoiding the overhead of a hash
1518 * lookup or inversion list binary search. _generic_swash_uni() can be used
1519 * for classes where that overhead is faster than a direct lookup.
1520 * _generic_uni() won't compile if 'c' isn't unsigned, as it won't match the
1521 * 'above_latin1' prototype. _generic_isCC() macro does bounds checking, so
1522 * have duplicate checks here, so could create versions of the macros that
1523 * don't, but experiments show that gcc optimizes them out anyway. */
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1524
1525/* Note that all ignore 'use bytes' */
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1526#define _generic_uni(classnum, above_latin1, c) ((c) < 256 \
1527 ? _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
1528 : above_latin1(c))
1529#define _generic_swash_uni(classnum, c) ((c) < 256 \
1530 ? _generic_isCC(c, classnum) \
922e8cb4 1531 : _is_uni_FOO(classnum, c))
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1532#define isALPHA_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_ALPHA, c)
1533#define isALPHANUMERIC_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_ALPHANUMERIC, c)
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1534#define isASCII_uni(c) isASCII(c)
1535#define isBLANK_uni(c) _generic_uni(_CC_BLANK, is_HORIZWS_cp_high, c)
1536#define isCNTRL_uni(c) isCNTRL_L1(c) /* All controls are in Latin1 */
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1537#define isDIGIT_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_DIGIT, c)
1538#define isGRAPH_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_GRAPH, c)
eba68aa0 1539#define isIDCONT_uni(c) _generic_uni(_CC_WORDCHAR, _is_uni_perl_idcont, c)
509fb054 1540#define isIDFIRST_uni(c) _generic_uni(_CC_IDFIRST, _is_uni_perl_idstart, c)
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1541#define isLOWER_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_LOWER, c)
1542#define isPRINT_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_PRINT, c)
aea0c08c 1543
cd500f2f 1544#define isPUNCT_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_PUNCT, c)
509fb054 1545#define isSPACE_uni(c) _generic_uni(_CC_SPACE, is_XPERLSPACE_cp_high, c)
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1546#define isPSXSPC_uni(c) isSPACE_uni(c)
1547
cd500f2f 1548#define isUPPER_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_UPPER, c)
509fb054 1549#define isVERTWS_uni(c) _generic_uni(_CC_VERTSPACE, is_VERTWS_cp_high, c)
cd500f2f 1550#define isWORDCHAR_uni(c) _generic_swash_uni(_CC_WORDCHAR, c)
509fb054 1551#define isXDIGIT_uni(c) _generic_uni(_CC_XDIGIT, is_XDIGIT_cp_high, c)
b18192e9 1552
b8d68ded 1553#define toFOLD_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_fold(c,s,l)
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1554#define toLOWER_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_lower(c,s,l)
1555#define toTITLE_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_title(c,s,l)
1556#define toUPPER_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_upper(c,s,l)
a0ed51b3 1557
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1558/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1559 * isALPHA_LC_uvchr. These are like isALPHA_LC, but the input can be any code
1560 * point, not just 0-255. Like _generic_uni, there are two versions, one for
1561 * simple class definitions; the other for more complex. These are like
1562 * _generic_uni, so see it for more info. */
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1563#define _generic_LC_uvchr(latin1, above_latin1, c) \
1564 (c < 256 ? latin1(c) : above_latin1(c))
1565#define _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(latin1, classnum, c) \
1566 (c < 256 ? latin1(c) : _is_uni_FOO(classnum, c))
1567
1568#define isALPHA_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isALPHA_LC, _CC_ALPHA, c)
1569#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isALPHANUMERIC_LC, \
1570 _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, c)
b7d90381
KW
1571#define isASCII_LC_uvchr(c) isASCII_LC(c)
1572#define isBLANK_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isBLANK_LC, \
1573 is_HORIZWS_cp_high, c)
feeab5a9 1574#define isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isCNTRL_LC(c) : 0)
cd500f2f
KW
1575#define isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isDIGIT_LC, _CC_DIGIT, c)
1576#define isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isGRAPH_LC, _CC_GRAPH, c)
b7d90381 1577#define isIDCONT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isIDCONT_LC, \
eba68aa0 1578 _is_uni_perl_idcont, c)
b7d90381 1579#define isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isIDFIRST_LC, \
cd500f2f
KW
1580 _is_uni_perl_idstart, c)
1581#define isLOWER_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isLOWER_LC, _CC_LOWER, c)
1582#define isPRINT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isPRINT_LC, _CC_PRINT, c)
b7d90381 1583#define isPSXSPC_LC_uvchr(c) isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c)
cd500f2f 1584#define isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isPUNCT_LC, _CC_PUNCT, c)
b7d90381 1585#define isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isSPACE_LC, \
509fb054 1586 is_XPERLSPACE_cp_high, c)
cd500f2f 1587#define isUPPER_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isUPPER_LC, _CC_UPPER, c)
b7d90381 1588#define isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_swash_uvchr(isWORDCHAR_LC, \
cd500f2f 1589 _CC_WORDCHAR, c)
b7d90381
KW
1590#define isXDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) _generic_LC_uvchr(isXDIGIT_LC, \
1591 is_XDIGIT_cp_high, c)
e712593e 1592
b7d90381 1593#define isBLANK_LC_uni(c) isBLANK_LC_uvchr(UNI_TO_NATIVE(c))
aaa51d5e 1594
4650c663
KW
1595/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1596 * isALPHA_utf8. These are like the earlier defined macros, but take an input
1597 * UTF-8 encoded string 'p'. If the input is in the Latin1 range, use
1598 * the Latin1 macro 'classnum' on 'p'. Otherwise use the value given by the
1599 * 'utf8' parameter. This relies on the fact that ASCII characters have the
1600 * same representation whether utf8 or not. Note that it assumes that the utf8
1601 * has been validated, and ignores 'use bytes' */
cd500f2f 1602#define _generic_utf8(classnum, p, utf8) (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p)) \
aea0c08c 1603 ? _generic_isCC(*(p), classnum) \
7d7a6efc 1604 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
aea0c08c 1605 ? _generic_isCC( \
a62b247b 1606 EIGHT_BIT_UTF8_TO_NATIVE(*(p), \
aea0c08c 1607 *((p)+1 )), \
94bb8c36 1608 classnum) \
252810d0 1609 : utf8)
b7d90381
KW
1610/* Like the above, but calls 'above_latin1(p)' to get the utf8 value.
1611 * 'above_latin1' can be a macro */
cd500f2f
KW
1612#define _generic_func_utf8(classnum, above_latin1, p) \
1613 _generic_utf8(classnum, p, above_latin1(p))
4650c663 1614/* Like the above, but passes classnum to _isFOO_utf8(), instead of having an
cd500f2f 1615 * 'above_latin1' parameter */
922e8cb4 1616#define _generic_swash_utf8(classnum, p) \
cd500f2f 1617 _generic_utf8(classnum, p, _is_utf8_FOO(classnum, p))
922e8cb4 1618
cc8ab7c0 1619/* Like the above, but should be used only when it is known that there are no
ff7ecfc3
KW
1620 * characters in the upper-Latin1 range (128-255 on ASCII platforms) which the
1621 * class is TRUE for. Hence it can skip the tests for this range.
1622 * 'above_latin1' should include its arguments */
3ded5eb0 1623#define _generic_utf8_no_upper_latin1(classnum, p, above_latin1) \
cc8ab7c0
KW
1624 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p)) \
1625 ? _generic_isCC(*(p), classnum) \
1626 : (UTF8_IS_ABOVE_LATIN1(*(p))) \
3ded5eb0 1627 ? above_latin1 \
cc8ab7c0
KW
1628 : 0)
1629
84238efa
KW
1630/* NOTE that some of these macros have very similar ones in regcharclass.h.
1631 * For example, there is (at the time of this writing) an 'is_SPACE_utf8()'
1632 * there, differing in name only by an underscore from the one here
1633 * 'isSPACE_utf8(). The difference is that the ones here are probably more
1634 * efficient and smaller, using an O(1) array lookup for Latin1-range code
1635 * points; the regcharclass.h ones are implemented as a series of
1636 * "if-else-if-else ..." */
1637
b7d90381
KW
1638#define isALPHA_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_ALPHA, p)
1639#define isALPHANUMERIC_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_ALPHANUMERIC, p)
1640#define isASCII_utf8(p) isASCII(*p) /* Because ASCII is invariant under
509fb054
KW
1641 utf8, the non-utf8 macro works
1642 */
b7d90381 1643#define isBLANK_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_BLANK, is_HORIZWS_high, p)
e8fa43e2
KW
1644
1645#ifdef EBCDIC
1646 /* Because all controls are UTF-8 invariants in EBCDIC, we can use this
1647 * more efficient macro instead of the more general one */
88794300 1648# define isCNTRL_utf8(p) isCNTRL_L1(*(p))
e8fa43e2
KW
1649#else
1650# define isCNTRL_utf8(p) _generic_utf8(_CC_CNTRL, p, 0)
1651#endif
1652
cd500f2f
KW
1653#define isDIGIT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8_no_upper_latin1(_CC_DIGIT, p, \
1654 _is_utf8_FOO(_CC_DIGIT, p))
922e8cb4 1655#define isGRAPH_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_GRAPH, p)
eba68aa0 1656#define isIDCONT_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_WORDCHAR, \
2f4622f0 1657 _is_utf8_perl_idcont, p)
e5dcd934 1658
c11ff943
KW
1659/* To prevent S_scan_word in toke.c from hanging, we have to make sure that
1660 * IDFIRST is an alnum. See
c8362b00 1661 * http://rt.perl.org/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=74022 for more detail than you
f91dcd13
KW
1662 * ever wanted to know about. (In the ASCII range, there isn't a difference.)
1663 * This used to be not the XID version, but we decided to go with the more
1664 * modern Unicode definition */
b7d90381 1665#define isIDFIRST_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_IDFIRST, \
509fb054 1666 _is_utf8_perl_idstart, p)
e5dcd934 1667
b7d90381
KW
1668#define isLOWER_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_LOWER, p)
1669#define isPRINT_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_PRINT, p)
1670#define isPSXSPC_utf8(p) isSPACE_utf8(p)
1671#define isPUNCT_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_PUNCT, p)
1672#define isSPACE_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_SPACE, is_XPERLSPACE_high, p)
1673#define isUPPER_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_UPPER, p)
1674#define isVERTWS_utf8(p) _generic_func_utf8(_CC_VERTSPACE, is_VERTWS_high, p)
1675#define isWORDCHAR_utf8(p) _generic_swash_utf8(_CC_WORDCHAR, p)
1676#define isXDIGIT_utf8(p) _generic_utf8_no_upper_latin1(_CC_XDIGIT, p, \
cd500f2f 1677 is_XDIGIT_high(p))
a0ed51b3 1678
7d2b61dd 1679#define toFOLD_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_fold(p,s,l)
509fb054
KW
1680#define toLOWER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_lower(p,s,l)
1681#define toTITLE_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_title(p,s,l)
1682#define toUPPER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_upper(p,s,l)
2e8adce6 1683
4650c663
KW
1684/* For internal core Perl use only: the base macros for defining macros like
1685 * isALPHA_LC_utf8. These are like _generic_utf8, but if the first code point
1686 * in 'p' is within the 0-255 range, it uses locale rules from the passed-in
1687 * 'macro' parameter */
94bb8c36
KW
1688#define _generic_LC_utf8(macro, p, utf8) \
1689 (UTF8_IS_INVARIANT(*(p)) \
1690 ? macro(*(p)) \
1691 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
a62b247b 1692 ? macro(EIGHT_BIT_UTF8_TO_NATIVE(*(p), *((p)+1)))\
9201a572
KW
1693 : utf8)
1694
cd500f2f
KW
1695#define _generic_LC_swash_utf8(macro, classnum, p) \
1696 _generic_LC_utf8(macro, p, _is_utf8_FOO(classnum, p))
1697#define _generic_LC_func_utf8(macro, above_latin1, p) \
4650c663 1698 _generic_LC_utf8(macro, p, above_latin1(p))
9201a572 1699
b7d90381 1700#define isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isALPHANUMERIC_LC, \
cd500f2f 1701 _CC_ALPHANUMERIC, p)
b7d90381
KW
1702#define isALPHA_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isALPHA_LC, _CC_ALPHA, p)
1703#define isASCII_LC_utf8(p) isASCII_LC(*p)
1704#define isBLANK_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isBLANK_LC, \
1705 is_HORIZWS_high, p)
1706#define isCNTRL_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_utf8(isCNTRL_LC, p, 0)
1707#define isDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isDIGIT_LC, _CC_DIGIT, p)
1708#define isGRAPH_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isGRAPH_LC, _CC_GRAPH, p)
1709#define isIDCONT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isIDCONT_LC, \
1710 _is_utf8_perl_idcont, p)
1711#define isIDFIRST_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isIDFIRST_LC, \
1712 _is_utf8_perl_idstart, p)
1713#define isLOWER_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isLOWER_LC, _CC_LOWER, p)
1714#define isPRINT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isPRINT_LC, _CC_PRINT, p)
1715#define isPSXSPC_LC_utf8(p) isSPACE_LC_utf8(p)
1716#define isPUNCT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isPUNCT_LC, _CC_PUNCT, p)
1717#define isSPACE_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isSPACE_LC, \
1718 is_XPERLSPACE_high, p)
1719#define isUPPER_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isUPPER_LC, _CC_UPPER, p)
cd500f2f
KW
1720#define isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_swash_utf8(isWORDCHAR_LC, \
1721 _CC_WORDCHAR, p)
b7d90381
KW
1722#define isXDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) _generic_LC_func_utf8(isXDIGIT_LC, \
1723 is_XDIGIT_high, p)
aaa51d5e 1724
fbc19f27
KW
1725/* Macros for backwards compatibility and for completeness when the ASCII and
1726 * Latin1 values are identical */
b7d90381
KW
1727#define isALPHAU(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
1728#define isDIGIT_L1(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
1729#define isOCTAL(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
1730#define isOCTAL_L1(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
1731#define isXDIGIT_L1(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
1732#define isALNUM(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
1733#define isALNUMU(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
1734#define isALNUM_LC(c) isWORDCHAR_LC(c)
1735#define isALNUM_uni(c) isWORDCHAR_uni(c)
2e28f0b9 1736#define isALNUM_LC_uvchr(c) isWORDCHAR_LC_uvchr(c)
b7d90381
KW
1737#define isALNUM_utf8(p) isWORDCHAR_utf8(p)
1738#define isALNUM_LC_utf8(p) isWORDCHAR_LC_utf8(p)
1739#define isALNUMC_A(c) isALPHANUMERIC_A(c) /* Mnemonic: "C's alnum" */
1740#define isALNUMC_L1(c) isALPHANUMERIC_L1(c)
1741#define isALNUMC(c) isALPHANUMERIC(c)
1742#define isALNUMC_LC(c) isALPHANUMERIC_LC(c)
1743#define isALNUMC_uni(c) isALPHANUMERIC_uni(c)
15861f94 1744#define isALNUMC_LC_uvchr(c) isALPHANUMERIC_LC_uvchr(c)
b7d90381 1745#define isALNUMC_utf8(p) isALPHANUMERIC_utf8(p)
15861f94 1746#define isALNUMC_LC_utf8(p) isALPHANUMERIC_LC_utf8(p)
fbc19f27 1747
2bd1cbf6
KW
1748/* On EBCDIC platforms, CTRL-@ is 0, CTRL-A is 1, etc, just like on ASCII,
1749 * except that they don't necessarily mean the same characters, e.g. CTRL-D is
1750 * 4 on both systems, but that is EOT on ASCII; ST on EBCDIC.
1751 * '?' is special-cased on EBCDIC to APC, which is the control there that is
1752 * the outlier from the block that contains the other controls, just like
1753 * toCTRL('?') on ASCII yields DEL, the control that is the outlier from the C0
1754 * block. If it weren't special cased, it would yield a non-control.
88794300
KW
1755 * The conversion works both ways, so toCTRL('D') is 4, and toCTRL(4) is D,
1756 * etc. */
2bd1cbf6 1757#ifndef EBCDIC
75763b3a 1758# define toCTRL(c) (__ASSERT_(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) toUPPER(((U8)(c))) ^ 64)
2bd1cbf6 1759#else
75763b3a
KW
1760# define toCTRL(c) (__ASSERT_(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c)) \
1761 ((isPRINT_A(c)) \
1762 ? (UNLIKELY((c) == '?') \
1763 ? QUESTION_MARK_CTRL \
1764 : (NATIVE_TO_LATIN1(toUPPER((U8) (c))) ^ 64)) \
1765 : (UNLIKELY((c) == QUESTION_MARK_CTRL) \
1766 ? '?' \
1767 : (LATIN1_TO_NATIVE(((U8) (c)) ^ 64)))))
2bd1cbf6 1768#endif
bbce6d69 1769
dea28490
JJ
1770/* Line numbers are unsigned, 32 bits. */
1771typedef U32 line_t;
e5dcd934 1772#define NOLINE ((line_t) 4294967295UL) /* = FFFFFFFF */
378cc40b 1773
91152fc1
DG
1774/* Helpful alias for version prescan */
1775#define is_LAX_VERSION(a,b) \
1776 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, FALSE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
1777
1778#define is_STRICT_VERSION(a,b) \
1779 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, TRUE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
1780
1781#define BADVERSION(a,b,c) \
1782 if (b) { \
1783 *b = c; \
1784 } \
1785 return a;
8c52afec 1786
cb27eebd
KW
1787/* Converts a character known to represent a hexadecimal digit (0-9, A-F, or
1788 * a-f) to its numeric value. READ_XDIGIT's argument is a string pointer,
1789 * which is advanced. The input is validated only by an assert() in DEBUGGING
1790 * builds. In both ASCII and EBCDIC the last 4 bits of the digits are 0-9; and
1791 * the last 4 bits of A-F and a-f are 1-6, so adding 9 yields 10-15 */
1792#define XDIGIT_VALUE(c) (__ASSERT_(isXDIGIT(c)) (0xf & (isDIGIT(c) \
1793 ? (c) \
1794 : ((c) + 9))))
902008b8
KW
1795#define READ_XDIGIT(s) (__ASSERT_(isXDIGIT(*s)) (0xf & (isDIGIT(*(s)) \
1796 ? (*(s)++) \
1797 : (*(s)++ + 9))))
95a59cab 1798
cb27eebd
KW
1799/* Converts a character known to represent an octal digit (0-7) to its numeric
1800 * value. The input is validated only by an assert() in DEBUGGING builds. In
1801 * both ASCII and EBCDIC the last 3 bits of the octal digits range from 0-7. */
1802#define OCTAL_VALUE(c) (__ASSERT_(isOCTAL(c)) (7 & (c)))
1803
305b8651
KW
1804/* Efficiently returns a boolean as to if two native characters are equivalent
1805 * case-insenstively. At least one of the characters must be one of [A-Za-z];
1806 * the ALPHA in the name is to remind you of that. This is asserted() in
1807 * DEBUGGING builds. Because [A-Za-z] are invariant under UTF-8, this macro
1808 * works (on valid input) for both non- and UTF-8-encoded bytes.
1809 *
1810 * When one of the inputs is a compile-time constant and gets folded by the
1811 * compiler, this reduces to an AND and a TEST. On both EBCDIC and ASCII
1812 * machines, 'A' and 'a' differ by a single bit; the same with the upper and
1813 * lower case of all other ASCII-range alphabetics. On ASCII platforms, they
96ca48da
KW
1814 * are 32 apart; on EBCDIC, they are 64. At compile time, this uses an
1815 * exclusive 'or' to find that bit and then inverts it to form a mask, with
1816 * just a single 0, in the bit position where the upper- and lowercase differ.
1817 * */
305b8651
KW
1818#define isALPHA_FOLD_EQ(c1, c2) \
1819 (__ASSERT_(isALPHA_A(c1) || isALPHA_A(c2)) \
1820 ((c1) & ~('A' ^ 'a')) == ((c2) & ~('A' ^ 'a')))
1821#define isALPHA_FOLD_NE(c1, c2) (! isALPHA_FOLD_EQ((c1), (c2)))
1822
8e84507e 1823/*
ccfc67b7
JH
1824=head1 Memory Management
1825
a02a5408 1826=for apidoc Am|void|Newx|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994
GS
1827The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function.
1828
0d7b2759
MH
1829Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L<"Safefree">.
1830
c5008215
JC
1831In 5.9.3, Newx() and friends replace the older New() API, and drops
1832the first parameter, I<x>, a debug aid which allowed callers to identify
37b8b4c9 1833themselves. This aid has been superseded by a new build option,
d10b4965 1834PERL_MEM_LOG (see L<perlhacktips/PERL_MEM_LOG>). The older API is still
c5008215
JC
1835there for use in XS modules supporting older perls.
1836
a02a5408 1837=for apidoc Am|void|Newxc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
954c1994 1838The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function, with
fbe13c60 1839cast. See also C<L</Newx>>.
954c1994 1840
0d7b2759
MH
1841Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L<"Safefree">.
1842
a02a5408 1843=for apidoc Am|void|Newxz|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994 1844The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function. The allocated
fbe13c60 1845memory is zeroed with C<memzero>. See also C<L</Newx>>.
a02a5408 1846
0d7b2759
MH
1847Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L<"Safefree">.
1848
954c1994
GS
1849=for apidoc Am|void|Renew|void* ptr|int nitems|type
1850The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function.
1851
0d7b2759
MH
1852Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L<"Safefree">.
1853
954c1994
GS
1854=for apidoc Am|void|Renewc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
1855The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function, with
1856cast.
1857
0d7b2759
MH
1858Memory obtained by this should B<ONLY> be freed with L<"Safefree">.
1859
49b8b560 1860=for apidoc Am|void|Safefree|void* ptr
954c1994
GS
1861The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<free> function.
1862
0d7b2759
MH
1863This should B<ONLY> be used on memory obtained using L<"Newx"> and friends.
1864
954c1994
GS
1865=for apidoc Am|void|Move|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1866The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memmove> function. The C<src> is the
926bb54c 1867source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and
fbe13c60 1868C<type> is the type. Can do overlapping moves. See also C<L</Copy>>.
954c1994 1869
e90e2364 1870=for apidoc Am|void *|MoveD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
796b6530 1871Like C<Move> but returns C<dest>. Useful
72d33970 1872for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
1873optimise.
1874
954c1994
GS
1875=for apidoc Am|void|Copy|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1876The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memcpy> function. The C<src> is the
926bb54c 1877source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and
fbe13c60 1878C<type> is the type. May fail on overlapping copies. See also C<L</Move>>.
954c1994 1879
e90e2364
NC
1880=for apidoc Am|void *|CopyD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1881
796b6530 1882Like C<Copy> but returns C<dest>. Useful
72d33970 1883for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
1884optimise.
1885
954c1994
GS
1886=for apidoc Am|void|Zero|void* dest|int nitems|type
1887
1888The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memzero> function. The C<dest> is the
1889destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is the type.
1890
e90e2364
NC
1891=for apidoc Am|void *|ZeroD|void* dest|int nitems|type
1892
72d33970
FC
1893Like C<Zero> but returns dest. Useful
1894for encouraging compilers to tail-call
e90e2364
NC
1895optimise.
1896
da5d8dbb 1897=for apidoc Am|void|StructCopy|type *src|type *dest|type
4375e838 1898This is an architecture-independent macro to copy one structure to another.
954c1994 1899
7e337ee0
JH
1900=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonWith|void* dest|int nitems|type|U8 byte
1901
1902Fill up memory with a byte pattern (a byte repeated over and over
1903again) that hopefully catches attempts to access uninitialized memory.
1904
1905=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonNew|void* dest|int nitems|type
1906
1907PoisonWith(0xAB) for catching access to allocated but uninitialized memory.
1908
1c12ffb4 1909=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonFree|void* dest|int nitems|type
7e337ee0
JH
1910
1911PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
1912
9965345d
JH
1913=for apidoc Am|void|Poison|void* dest|int nitems|type
1914
7e337ee0 1915PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
9965345d
JH
1916
1917=cut */
954c1994 1918
561b68a9
SH
1919/* Maintained for backwards-compatibility only. Use newSV() instead. */
1920#ifndef PERL_CORE
ff06c60c 1921#define NEWSV(x,len) newSV(len)
561b68a9 1922#endif
ff06c60c 1923
19a94d75
JH
1924#define MEM_SIZE_MAX ((MEM_SIZE)~0)
1925
e6bdf523 1926
27d5b266 1927#ifdef PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
e6bdf523
DM
1928
1929/* This expression will be constant-folded at compile time. It checks
1930 * whether or not the type of the count n is so small (e.g. U8 or U16, or
1931 * U32 on 64-bit systems) that there's no way a wrap-around could occur.
1932 * As well as avoiding the need for a run-time check in some cases, it's
1933 * designed to avoid compiler warnings like:
1934 * comparison is always false due to limited range of data type
73e8ff00
DM
1935 * It's mathematically equivalent to
1936 * max(n) * sizeof(t) > MEM_SIZE_MAX
e6bdf523
DM
1937 */
1938
1939# define _MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) \
73e8ff00
DM
1940 ( sizeof(MEM_SIZE) < sizeof(n) \
1941 || sizeof(t) > ((MEM_SIZE)1 << 8*(sizeof(MEM_SIZE) - sizeof(n))))
e6bdf523 1942
88f9f128 1943/* This is written in a slightly odd way to avoid various spurious
d98e5cde
DM
1944 * compiler warnings. We *want* to write the expression as
1945 * _MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) && (n > C)
1946 * (for some compile-time constant C), but even when the LHS
1947 * constant-folds to false at compile-time, g++ insists on emitting
1948 * warnings about the RHS (e.g. "comparison is always false"), so instead
1949 * we write it as
e6bdf523 1950 *
d98e5cde 1951 * (cond ? n : X) > C
88f9f128 1952 *
d98e5cde
DM
1953 * where X is a constant with X > C always false. Choosing a value for X
1954 * is tricky. If 0, some compilers will complain about 0 > C always being
1955 * false; if 1, Coverity complains when n happens to be the constant value
1956 * '1', that cond ? 1 : 1 has the same value on both branches; so use C
1957 * for X and hope that nothing else whines.
e6bdf523
DM
1958 */
1959
1960# define _MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t) \
88f9f128
DM
1961 ((_MEM_WRAP_NEEDS_RUNTIME_CHECK(n,t) ? (MEM_SIZE)(n) : \
1962 MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t)) > MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t))
e6bdf523
DM
1963
1964# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t) \
1965 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
1966 && (croak_memory_wrap(),0))
1967
1968# define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a) \
1969 (void)(UNLIKELY(_MEM_WRAP_WILL_WRAP(n,t)) \
1970 && (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",(a)),0))
1971
8b44ba4c 1972#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t),
27d5b266 1973
d1decf2b 1974#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) ((void)(((n) > MEM_SIZE_MAX - 2 * PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM) ? (croak_memory_wrap(),0):0),((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
27d5b266
JH
1975#else
1976
410319be
NC
1977#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t)
1978#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a)
1979#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_2(n,t,a,b)
8b44ba4c
NC
1980#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t)
1981
6fff79ce 1982#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) (((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
27d5b266 1983
1936d2a7 1984#endif
8b44ba4c 1985
fe4f188c 1986#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
46c6c7e2 1987/*
9f653bb5 1988 * If PERL_MEM_LOG is defined, all Newx()s, Renew()s, and Safefree()s
46c6c7e2
JH
1989 * go through functions, which are handy for debugging breakpoints, but
1990 * which more importantly get the immediate calling environment (file and
e352bcff
JH
1991 * line number, and C function name if available) passed in. This info can
1992 * then be used for logging the calls, for which one gets a sample
73d1d973 1993 * implementation unless -DPERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL is also defined.
3609ea0d 1994 *
46c6c7e2 1995 * Known problems:
94e892a6 1996 * - not all memory allocs get logged, only those
46c6c7e2 1997 * that go through Newx() and derivatives (while all
94e892a6 1998 * Safefrees do get logged)
46c6c7e2
JH
1999 * - __FILE__ and __LINE__ do not work everywhere
2000 * - __func__ or __FUNCTION__ even less so
2001 * - I think more goes on after the perlio frees but
2002 * the thing is that STDERR gets closed (as do all
2003 * the file descriptors)
2004 * - no deeper calling stack than the caller of the Newx()
2005 * or the kind, but do I look like a C reflection/introspection
2006 * utility to you?
2007 * - the function prototypes for the logging functions
2008 * probably should maybe be somewhere else than handy.h
2009 * - one could consider inlining (macrofying) the logging
2010 * for speed, but I am too lazy
2011 * - one could imagine recording the allocations in a hash,
2012 * (keyed by the allocation address?), and maintain that
2013 * through reallocs and frees, but how to do that without
2014 * any News() happening...?
73d1d973 2015 * - lots of -Ddefines to get useful/controllable output
b953482e 2016 * - lots of ENV reads
46c6c7e2
JH
2017 */
2018
fc6bde6f 2019PERL_CALLCONV Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_alloc(const UV n, const UV typesize, const char *type_name, Malloc_t newalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 2020
fc6bde6f 2021PERL_CALLCONV Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_realloc(const UV n, const UV typesize, const char *type_name, Malloc_t oldalloc, Malloc_t newalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 2022
fc6bde6f 2023PERL_CALLCONV Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_free(Malloc_t oldalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 2024
0b0ab801 2025# ifdef PERL_CORE
73d1d973 2026# ifndef PERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL
0b0ab801
MHM
2027enum mem_log_type {
2028 MLT_ALLOC,
2029 MLT_REALLOC,
d7a2c63c
MHM
2030 MLT_FREE,
2031 MLT_NEW_SV,
2032 MLT_DEL_SV
0b0ab801
MHM
2033};
2034# endif
12754f92 2035# if defined(PERL_IN_SV_C) /* those are only used in sv.c */
d7a2c63c
MHM
2036void Perl_mem_log_new_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
2037void Perl_mem_log_del_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
12754f92 2038# endif
0b0ab801
MHM
2039# endif
2040
fe4f188c
JH
2041#endif
2042
2043#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
d1401ee9
MHM
2044#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) Perl_mem_log_alloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
2045#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) Perl_mem_log_realloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),v,a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
46c6c7e2 2046#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) Perl_mem_log_free(a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
fe4f188c
JH
2047#endif
2048
2049#ifndef MEM_LOG_ALLOC
2050#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) (a)
2051#endif
2052#ifndef MEM_LOG_REALLOC
2053#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) (a)
2054#endif
2055#ifndef MEM_LOG_FREE
2056#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) (a)
2057#endif
2058
d1401ee9
MHM
2059#define Newx(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
2060#define Newxc(v,n,t,c) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
2061#define Newxz(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safecalloc((n),sizeof(t)))))
a6f6820f
NC
2062
2063#ifndef PERL_CORE
a02a5408
JC
2064/* pre 5.9.x compatibility */
2065#define New(x,v,n,t) Newx(v,n,t)
2066#define Newc(x,v,n,t,c) Newxc(v,n,t,c)
4541904d 2067#define Newz(x,v,n,t) Newxz(v,n,t)
a6f6820f 2068#endif
a02a5408 2069
ff68c719 2070#define Renew(v,n,t) \
d1401ee9 2071 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
ff68c719 2072#define Renewc(v,n,t,c) \
d1401ee9 2073 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
94010e71
NC
2074
2075#ifdef PERL_POISON
2076#define Safefree(d) \
06c0cc96 2077 ((d) ? (void)(safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d))), Poison(&(d), 1, Malloc_t)) : (void) 0)
94010e71 2078#else
fe4f188c 2079#define Safefree(d) safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d)))
94010e71 2080#endif
55497cff 2081
8b44ba4c
NC
2082#define Move(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2083#define Copy(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2084#define Zero(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
55497cff 2085
8b44ba4c
NC
2086#define MoveD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2087#define CopyD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 2088#ifdef HAS_MEMSET
8b44ba4c 2089#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 2090#else
8b44ba4c
NC
2091/* Using bzero(), which returns void. */
2092#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)),d)
e90e2364
NC
2093#endif
2094
7e337ee0
JH
2095#define PoisonWith(d,n,t,b) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memset((char*)(d), (U8)(b), (n) * sizeof(t)))
2096#define PoisonNew(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xAB)
2097#define PoisonFree(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xEF)
2098#define Poison(d,n,t) PoisonFree(d,n,t)
27d5b266 2099
caa674f3
DD
2100#ifdef PERL_POISON
2101# define PERL_POISON_EXPR(x) x
2102#else
2103# define PERL_POISON_EXPR(x)
2104#endif
2105
2304df62 2106#ifdef USE_STRUCT_COPY
ff68c719 2107#define StructCopy(s,d,t) (*((t*)(d)) = *((t*)(s)))
bee1dbe2
LW
2108#else
2109#define StructCopy(s,d,t) Copy(s,d,1,t)
2110#endif
2cc61e15 2111
c3caa5c3
JH
2112/* C_ARRAY_LENGTH is the number of elements in the C array (so you
2113 * want your zero-based indices to be less than but not equal to).
2114 *
2115 * C_ARRAY_END is one past the last: half-open/half-closed range,
2116 * not last-inclusive range. */
622913ab 2117#define C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof((a)[0]))
c3caa5c3 2118#define C_ARRAY_END(a) ((a) + C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a))
622913ab 2119
2cc61e15
DD
2120#ifdef NEED_VA_COPY
2121# ifdef va_copy
2122# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) va_copy(d, s)
2cc61e15 2123# else
a1866d1b
JH
2124# if defined(__va_copy)
2125# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) __va_copy(d, s)
2126# else
2127# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) Copy(s, d, 1, va_list)
2128# endif
2cc61e15
DD
2129# endif
2130#endif
2131
472d47bc
SB
2132/* convenience debug macros */
2133#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
2134#define pTHX_FORMAT "Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
2135#define pTHX__FORMAT ", Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
f54cb97a
AL
2136#define pTHX_VALUE_ (void *)my_perl,
2137#define pTHX_VALUE (void *)my_perl
2138#define pTHX__VALUE_ ,(void *)my_perl,
2139#define pTHX__VALUE ,(void *)my_perl
472d47bc 2140#else
3609ea0d 2141#define pTHX_FORMAT
472d47bc 2142#define pTHX__FORMAT
3609ea0d 2143#define pTHX_VALUE_
472d47bc 2144#define pTHX_VALUE
3609ea0d 2145#define pTHX__VALUE_
472d47bc
SB
2146#define pTHX__VALUE
2147#endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
3609ea0d 2148
2acdbac1
NC
2149/* Perl_deprecate was not part of the public API, and did not have a deprecate()
2150 shortcut macro defined without -DPERL_CORE. Neither codesearch.google.com nor
2151 CPAN::Unpack show any users outside the core. */
2152#ifdef PERL_CORE
b7d90381
KW
2153# define deprecate(s) Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), \
2154 "Use of " s " is deprecated")
2acdbac1
NC
2155#endif
2156
dfff4baf
BF
2157/* Internal macros to deal with gids and uids */
2158#ifdef PERL_CORE
2159
2160# if Uid_t_size > IVSIZE
2161# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setnv((sv), (NV)(uid))
2162# define SvUID(sv) SvNV(sv)
2163# else
2164# if Uid_t_sign <= 0
2165# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setiv((sv), (IV)(uid))
2166# define SvUID(sv) SvIV(sv)
2167# else
2168# define sv_setuid(sv, uid) sv_setuv((sv), (UV)(uid))
2169# define SvUID(sv) SvUV(sv)
2170# endif
2171# endif /* Uid_t_size */
2172
2173# if Gid_t_size > IVSIZE
2174# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setnv((sv), (NV)(gid))
2175# define SvGID(sv) SvNV(sv)
2176# else
2177# if Gid_t_sign <= 0
2178# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setiv((sv), (IV)(gid))
2179# define SvGID(sv) SvIV(sv)
2180# else
2181# define sv_setgid(sv, gid) sv_setuv((sv), (UV)(gid))
2182# define SvGID(sv) SvUV(sv)
2183# endif
2184# endif /* Gid_t_size */
2185
2186#endif
2187
9d745869
KW
2188#endif /* HANDY_H */
2189
e9a8c099 2190/*
14d04a33 2191 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 et:
e9a8c099 2192 */