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Re: $^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE issues (with attachment)
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CommitLineData
a0d0e21e 1/* doio.c
a687059c 2 *
4bb101f2 3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
770526c1 4 * 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
6e21c824
LW
6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
a687059c 8 *
a0d0e21e
LW
9 */
10
11/*
12 * "Far below them they saw the white waters pour into a foaming bowl, and
13 * then swirl darkly about a deep oval basin in the rocks, until they found
14 * their way out again through a narrow gate, and flowed away, fuming and
15 * chattering, into calmer and more level reaches."
a687059c
LW
16 */
17
166f8a29
DM
18/* This file contains functions that do the actual I/O on behalf of ops.
19 * For example, pp_print() calls the do_print() function in this file for
20 * each argument needing printing.
21 */
22
a687059c 23#include "EXTERN.h"
864dbfa3 24#define PERL_IN_DOIO_C
a687059c
LW
25#include "perl.h"
26
fe14fcc3 27#if defined(HAS_MSG) || defined(HAS_SEM) || defined(HAS_SHM)
aec308ec 28#ifndef HAS_SEM
c2ab57d4 29#include <sys/ipc.h>
aec308ec 30#endif
fe14fcc3 31#ifdef HAS_MSG
c2ab57d4 32#include <sys/msg.h>
e5d73d77 33#endif
fe14fcc3 34#ifdef HAS_SHM
c2ab57d4 35#include <sys/shm.h>
a0d0e21e 36# ifndef HAS_SHMAT_PROTOTYPE
20ce7b12 37 extern Shmat_t shmat (int, char *, int);
a0d0e21e 38# endif
c2ab57d4 39#endif
e5d73d77 40#endif
c2ab57d4 41
663a0e37 42#ifdef I_UTIME
3730b96e 43# if defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__MINGW32__)
3fe9a6f1
PP
44# include <sys/utime.h>
45# else
46# include <utime.h>
47# endif
663a0e37 48#endif
85aff577 49
85aff577
CS
50#ifdef O_EXCL
51# define OPEN_EXCL O_EXCL
52#else
53# define OPEN_EXCL 0
54#endif
a687059c 55
0c19750d
SP
56#define PERL_MODE_MAX 8
57#define PERL_FLAGS_MAX 10
58
76121258 59#include <signal.h>
76121258 60
a687059c 61bool
2fbb330f 62Perl_do_open(pTHX_ GV *gv, register const char *name, I32 len, int as_raw,
6170680b
IZ
63 int rawmode, int rawperm, PerlIO *supplied_fp)
64{
a567e93b
NIS
65 return do_openn(gv, name, len, as_raw, rawmode, rawperm,
66 supplied_fp, (SV **) NULL, 0);
6170680b
IZ
67}
68
69bool
2fbb330f 70Perl_do_open9(pTHX_ GV *gv, register const char *name, I32 len, int as_raw,
6170680b
IZ
71 int rawmode, int rawperm, PerlIO *supplied_fp, SV *svs,
72 I32 num_svs)
a687059c 73{
890ce7af 74 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(num_svs);
a567e93b
NIS
75 return do_openn(gv, name, len, as_raw, rawmode, rawperm,
76 supplied_fp, &svs, 1);
77}
78
79bool
2fbb330f 80Perl_do_openn(pTHX_ GV *gv, register const char *oname, I32 len, int as_raw,
a567e93b
NIS
81 int rawmode, int rawperm, PerlIO *supplied_fp, SV **svp,
82 I32 num_svs)
83{
27da23d5 84 dVAR;
890ce7af 85 register IO * const io = GvIOn(gv);
760ac839
LW
86 PerlIO *saveifp = Nullfp;
87 PerlIO *saveofp = Nullfp;
ee518936 88 int savefd = -1;
9f37169a 89 char savetype = IoTYPE_CLOSED;
c07a80fd 90 int writing = 0;
760ac839 91 PerlIO *fp;
c07a80fd
PP
92 int fd;
93 int result;
3500f679 94 bool was_fdopen = FALSE;
16fe6d59 95 bool in_raw = 0, in_crlf = 0, out_raw = 0, out_crlf = 0;
b931b1d9 96 char *type = NULL;
0c19750d 97 char mode[PERL_MODE_MAX]; /* stdio file mode ("r\0", "rb\0", "r+b\0" etc.) */
ee518936 98 SV *namesv;
a687059c 99
b931b1d9 100 Zero(mode,sizeof(mode),char);
3280af22 101 PL_forkprocess = 1; /* assume true if no fork */
c07a80fd 102
b931b1d9 103 /* Collect default raw/crlf info from the op */
16fe6d59 104 if (PL_op && PL_op->op_type == OP_OPEN) {
c2be40b1 105 /* set up IO layers */
b464bac0 106 const U8 flags = PL_op->op_private;
16fe6d59
GS
107 in_raw = (flags & OPpOPEN_IN_RAW);
108 in_crlf = (flags & OPpOPEN_IN_CRLF);
109 out_raw = (flags & OPpOPEN_OUT_RAW);
110 out_crlf = (flags & OPpOPEN_OUT_CRLF);
111 }
112
b931b1d9 113 /* If currently open - close before we re-open */
a0d0e21e 114 if (IoIFP(io)) {
760ac839 115 fd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io));
ee518936
NIS
116 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_STD) {
117 /* This is a clone of one of STD* handles */
c2ab57d4 118 result = 0;
ee518936
NIS
119 }
120 else if (fd >= 0 && fd <= PL_maxsysfd) {
121 /* This is one of the original STD* handles */
122 saveifp = IoIFP(io);
123 saveofp = IoOFP(io);
8990e307 124 savetype = IoTYPE(io);
ee518936
NIS
125 savefd = fd;
126 result = 0;
6e21c824 127 }
50952442 128 else if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_PIPE)
3028581b 129 result = PerlProc_pclose(IoIFP(io));
8990e307
LW
130 else if (IoIFP(io) != IoOFP(io)) {
131 if (IoOFP(io)) {
760ac839 132 result = PerlIO_close(IoOFP(io));
6170680b 133 PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io)); /* clear stdio, fd already closed */
c2ab57d4
LW
134 }
135 else
760ac839 136 result = PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io));
a687059c 137 }
a687059c 138 else
760ac839 139 result = PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io));
ee518936
NIS
140 if (result == EOF && fd > PL_maxsysfd) {
141 /* Why is this not Perl_warn*() call ? */
bf49b057 142 PerlIO_printf(Perl_error_log,
6170680b
IZ
143 "Warning: unable to close filehandle %s properly.\n",
144 GvENAME(gv));
ee518936 145 }
8990e307 146 IoOFP(io) = IoIFP(io) = Nullfp;
a687059c 147 }
c07a80fd
PP
148
149 if (as_raw) {
b931b1d9 150 /* sysopen style args, i.e. integer mode and permissions */
ee518936 151 STRLEN ix = 0;
e1ec3a88 152 const int appendtrunc =
3dccc55c 153 0
d1da7611 154#ifdef O_APPEND /* Not fully portable. */
3dccc55c 155 |O_APPEND
d1da7611
JH
156#endif
157#ifdef O_TRUNC /* Not fully portable. */
3dccc55c 158 |O_TRUNC
d1da7611 159#endif
3dccc55c 160 ;
6867be6d 161 const int modifyingmode = O_WRONLY|O_RDWR|O_CREAT|appendtrunc;
3dccc55c
JH
162 int ismodifying;
163
164 if (num_svs != 0) {
165 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: sysopen with multiple args");
166 }
167 /* It's not always
168
169 O_RDONLY 0
170 O_WRONLY 1
171 O_RDWR 2
172
173 It might be (in OS/390 and Mac OS Classic it is)
174
175 O_WRONLY 1
176 O_RDONLY 2
177 O_RDWR 3
178
179 This means that simple & with O_RDWR would look
180 like O_RDONLY is present. Therefore we have to
181 be more careful.
182 */
183 if ((ismodifying = (rawmode & modifyingmode))) {
184 if ((ismodifying & O_WRONLY) == O_WRONLY ||
185 (ismodifying & O_RDWR) == O_RDWR ||
186 (ismodifying & (O_CREAT|appendtrunc)))
187 TAINT_PROPER("sysopen");
188 }
3b6c1aba 189 mode[ix++] = IoTYPE_NUMERIC; /* Marker to openn to use numeric "sysopen" */
b931b1d9 190
09458382 191#if defined(USE_64_BIT_RAWIO) && defined(O_LARGEFILE)
b94c04ac 192 rawmode |= O_LARGEFILE; /* Transparently largefiley. */
5ff3f7a4
GS
193#endif
194
06c7082d 195 IoTYPE(io) = PerlIO_intmode2str(rawmode, &mode[ix], &writing);
ee518936 196
2fbb330f 197 namesv = sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(oname,strlen(oname)));
ee518936
NIS
198 num_svs = 1;
199 svp = &namesv;
1141d9f8 200 type = Nullch;
b94c04ac 201 fp = PerlIO_openn(aTHX_ type, mode, -1, rawmode, rawperm, NULL, num_svs, svp);
a687059c 202 }
c07a80fd 203 else {
b931b1d9 204 /* Regular (non-sys) open */
2fbb330f 205 char *name;
faecd977 206 STRLEN olen = len;
b931b1d9
NIS
207 char *tend;
208 int dodup = 0;
ecdeb87c 209 PerlIO *that_fp = NULL;
c07a80fd 210
2fbb330f 211 type = savepvn(oname, len);
b931b1d9 212 tend = type+len;
faecd977 213 SAVEFREEPV(type);
eb649f83
AMS
214
215 /* Lose leading and trailing white space */
eb649f83
AMS
216 for (; isSPACE(*type); type++) ;
217 while (tend > type && isSPACE(tend[-1]))
218 *--tend = '\0';
219
6170680b 220 if (num_svs) {
c2be40b1 221 /* New style explicit name, type is just mode and layer info */
9a869a14 222#ifdef USE_STDIO
2fbb330f 223 if (SvROK(*svp) && !strchr(oname,'&')) {
9a869a14
RGS
224 if (ckWARN(WARN_IO))
225 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO),
226 "Can't open a reference");
93189314 227 SETERRNO(EINVAL, LIB_INVARG);
9a869a14
RGS
228 goto say_false;
229 }
230#endif /* USE_STDIO */
705bfa5f 231 name = SvOK(*svp) ? savesvpv (*svp) : savepvn ("", 0);
faecd977 232 SAVEFREEPV(name);
6170680b 233 }
faecd977 234 else {
faecd977 235 name = type;
b931b1d9 236 len = tend-type;
faecd977 237 }
6170680b 238 IoTYPE(io) = *type;
516a5887 239 if ((*type == IoTYPE_RDWR) && /* scary */
01a8ea99 240 (*(type+1) == IoTYPE_RDONLY || *(type+1) == IoTYPE_WRONLY) &&
516a5887 241 ((!num_svs || (tend > type+1 && tend[-1] != IoTYPE_PIPE)))) {
c2be40b1 242 TAINT_PROPER("open");
6170680b 243 mode[1] = *type++;
c07a80fd 244 writing = 1;
a687059c 245 }
c07a80fd 246
9f37169a 247 if (*type == IoTYPE_PIPE) {
b931b1d9
NIS
248 if (num_svs) {
249 if (type[1] != IoTYPE_STD) {
c2be40b1 250 unknown_open_mode:
b931b1d9
NIS
251 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Unknown open() mode '%.*s'", (int)olen, oname);
252 }
253 type++;
6170680b 254 }
b931b1d9 255 for (type++; isSPACE(*type); type++) ;
faecd977 256 if (!num_svs) {
6170680b 257 name = type;
b931b1d9 258 len = tend-type;
faecd977 259 }
4a7d1889
NIS
260 if (*name == '\0') {
261 /* command is missing 19990114 */
06eaf0bc 262 if (ckWARN(WARN_PIPE))
9014280d 263 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PIPE), "Missing command in piped open");
06eaf0bc
GS
264 errno = EPIPE;
265 goto say_false;
266 }
770526c1 267 if ((*name == '-' && name[1] == '\0') || num_svs)
c07a80fd
PP
268 TAINT_ENV();
269 TAINT_PROPER("piped open");
b931b1d9 270 if (!num_svs && name[len-1] == '|') {
faecd977 271 name[--len] = '\0' ;
599cee73 272 if (ckWARN(WARN_PIPE))
9014280d 273 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PIPE), "Can't open bidirectional pipe");
7b8d334a 274 }
a1d180c4 275 mode[0] = 'w';
c07a80fd 276 writing = 1;
0c19750d
SP
277#ifdef HAS_STRLCAT
278 if (out_raw)
279 strlcat(mode, "b", PERL_MODE_MAX);
280 else if (out_crlf)
281 strlcat(mode, "t", PERL_MODE_MAX);
282#else
a1d180c4
NIS
283 if (out_raw)
284 strcat(mode, "b");
285 else if (out_crlf)
286 strcat(mode, "t");
0c19750d 287#endif
4a7d1889
NIS
288 if (num_svs > 1) {
289 fp = PerlProc_popen_list(mode, num_svs, svp);
290 }
291 else {
292 fp = PerlProc_popen(name,mode);
293 }
1771866f
NIS
294 if (num_svs) {
295 if (*type) {
296 if (PerlIO_apply_layers(aTHX_ fp, mode, type) != 0) {
297 goto say_false;
298 }
299 }
300 }
c2be40b1 301 } /* IoTYPE_PIPE */
9f37169a 302 else if (*type == IoTYPE_WRONLY) {
c07a80fd 303 TAINT_PROPER("open");
6170680b 304 type++;
9f37169a
JH
305 if (*type == IoTYPE_WRONLY) {
306 /* Two IoTYPE_WRONLYs in a row make for an IoTYPE_APPEND. */
50952442 307 mode[0] = IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_APPEND;
6170680b 308 type++;
a0d0e21e 309 }
ee518936 310 else {
c07a80fd 311 mode[0] = 'w';
ee518936 312 }
c07a80fd
PP
313 writing = 1;
314
0c19750d
SP
315#ifdef HAS_STRLCAT
316 if (out_raw)
317 strlcat(mode, "b", PERL_MODE_MAX);
318 else if (out_crlf)
319 strlcat(mode, "t", PERL_MODE_MAX);
320#else
16fe6d59
GS
321 if (out_raw)
322 strcat(mode, "b");
323 else if (out_crlf)
324 strcat(mode, "t");
0c19750d 325#endif
6170680b 326 if (*type == '&') {
c07a80fd 327 duplicity:
ecdeb87c 328 dodup = PERLIO_DUP_FD;
e620cd72
NIS
329 type++;
330 if (*type == '=') {
c07a80fd 331 dodup = 0;
e620cd72 332 type++;
4a7d1889 333 }
ee518936 334 if (!num_svs && !*type && supplied_fp) {
4a7d1889 335 /* "<+&" etc. is used by typemaps */
c07a80fd 336 fp = supplied_fp;
ee518936 337 }
a0d0e21e 338 else {
e620cd72
NIS
339 if (num_svs > 1) {
340 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "More than one argument to '%c&' open",IoTYPE(io));
341 }
54edfe98 342 for (; isSPACE(*type); type++) ;
1771866f 343 if (num_svs && (SvIOK(*svp) || (SvPOK(*svp) && looks_like_number(*svp)))) {
e620cd72 344 fd = SvUV(*svp);
24a7a40d 345 num_svs = 0;
ee518936 346 }
e620cd72 347 else if (isDIGIT(*type)) {
e620cd72
NIS
348 fd = atoi(type);
349 }
c07a80fd 350 else {
e1ec3a88 351 const IO* thatio;
e620cd72
NIS
352 if (num_svs) {
353 thatio = sv_2io(*svp);
354 }
355 else {
356 GV *thatgv;
e620cd72
NIS
357 thatgv = gv_fetchpv(type,FALSE,SVt_PVIO);
358 thatio = GvIO(thatgv);
359 }
c07a80fd 360 if (!thatio) {
6e21c824 361#ifdef EINVAL
93189314 362 SETERRNO(EINVAL,SS_IVCHAN);
6e21c824 363#endif
c07a80fd
PP
364 goto say_false;
365 }
f4e789af 366 if ((that_fp = IoIFP(thatio))) {
7211d486
JH
367 /* Flush stdio buffer before dup. --mjd
368 * Unfortunately SEEK_CURing 0 seems to
369 * be optimized away on most platforms;
370 * only Solaris and Linux seem to flush
371 * on that. --jhi */
2c534a3f
NC
372#ifdef USE_SFIO
373 /* sfio fails to clear error on next
374 sfwrite, contrary to documentation.
375 -- Nick Clark */
ecdeb87c
NIS
376 if (PerlIO_seek(that_fp, 0, SEEK_CUR) == -1)
377 PerlIO_clearerr(that_fp);
2c534a3f 378#endif
7211d486
JH
379 /* On the other hand, do all platforms
380 * take gracefully to flushing a read-only
381 * filehandle? Perhaps we should do
382 * fsetpos(src)+fgetpos(dst)? --nik */
ecdeb87c
NIS
383 PerlIO_flush(that_fp);
384 fd = PerlIO_fileno(that_fp);
0759c907
JH
385 /* When dup()ing STDIN, STDOUT or STDERR
386 * explicitly set appropriate access mode */
f4e789af
NC
387 if (that_fp == PerlIO_stdout()
388 || that_fp == PerlIO_stderr())
0759c907 389 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_WRONLY;
f4e789af 390 else if (that_fp == PerlIO_stdin())
0759c907
JH
391 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_RDONLY;
392 /* When dup()ing a socket, say result is
393 * one as well */
394 else if (IoTYPE(thatio) == IoTYPE_SOCKET)
50952442 395 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_SOCKET;
c07a80fd
PP
396 }
397 else
398 fd = -1;
a0d0e21e 399 }
ee518936 400 if (!num_svs)
1141d9f8 401 type = Nullch;
ecdeb87c
NIS
402 if (that_fp) {
403 fp = PerlIO_fdupopen(aTHX_ that_fp, NULL, dodup);
404 }
405 else {
c07a80fd 406 if (dodup)
ecdeb87c
NIS
407 fd = PerlLIO_dup(fd);
408 else
409 was_fdopen = TRUE;
410 if (!(fp = PerlIO_openn(aTHX_ type,mode,fd,0,0,NULL,num_svs,svp))) {
b42969c0 411 if (dodup && fd >= 0)
ecdeb87c
NIS
412 PerlLIO_close(fd);
413 }
faecd977 414 }
c07a80fd 415 }
ee518936 416 } /* & */
c07a80fd 417 else {
6170680b 418 for (; isSPACE(*type); type++) ;
b931b1d9 419 if (*type == IoTYPE_STD && (!type[1] || isSPACE(type[1]) || type[1] == ':')) {
b931b1d9 420 type++;
760ac839 421 fp = PerlIO_stdout();
50952442 422 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_STD;
7cf31beb
NIS
423 if (num_svs > 1) {
424 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "More than one argument to '>%c' open",IoTYPE_STD);
425 }
c07a80fd
PP
426 }
427 else {
ee518936
NIS
428 if (!num_svs) {
429 namesv = sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(type,strlen(type)));
430 num_svs = 1;
431 svp = &namesv;
1141d9f8 432 type = Nullch;
ee518936 433 }
6e60e805 434 fp = PerlIO_openn(aTHX_ type,mode,-1,0,0,NULL,num_svs,svp);
c07a80fd 435 }
ee518936 436 } /* !& */
7e72d509
JH
437 if (!fp && type && *type && *type != ':' && !isIDFIRST(*type))
438 goto unknown_open_mode;
c2be40b1 439 } /* IoTYPE_WRONLY */
9f37169a 440 else if (*type == IoTYPE_RDONLY) {
6170680b 441 for (type++; isSPACE(*type); type++) ;
bf38876a 442 mode[0] = 'r';
0c19750d
SP
443#ifdef HAS_STRLCAT
444 if (in_raw)
445 strlcat(mode, "b", PERL_MODE_MAX);
446 else if (in_crlf)
447 strlcat(mode, "t", PERL_MODE_MAX);
448#else
16fe6d59
GS
449 if (in_raw)
450 strcat(mode, "b");
451 else if (in_crlf)
452 strcat(mode, "t");
0c19750d 453#endif
6170680b 454 if (*type == '&') {
bf38876a 455 goto duplicity;
6170680b 456 }
b931b1d9 457 if (*type == IoTYPE_STD && (!type[1] || isSPACE(type[1]) || type[1] == ':')) {
b931b1d9 458 type++;
760ac839 459 fp = PerlIO_stdin();
50952442 460 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_STD;
7cf31beb
NIS
461 if (num_svs > 1) {
462 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "More than one argument to '<%c' open",IoTYPE_STD);
463 }
a687059c 464 }
ee518936
NIS
465 else {
466 if (!num_svs) {
467 namesv = sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(type,strlen(type)));
468 num_svs = 1;
469 svp = &namesv;
1141d9f8 470 type = Nullch;
ee518936 471 }
6e60e805 472 fp = PerlIO_openn(aTHX_ type,mode,-1,0,0,NULL,num_svs,svp);
ee518936 473 }
7e72d509
JH
474 if (!fp && type && *type && *type != ':' && !isIDFIRST(*type))
475 goto unknown_open_mode;
c2be40b1
JH
476 } /* IoTYPE_RDONLY */
477 else if ((num_svs && /* '-|...' or '...|' */
478 type[0] == IoTYPE_STD && type[1] == IoTYPE_PIPE) ||
b931b1d9 479 (!num_svs && tend > type+1 && tend[-1] == IoTYPE_PIPE)) {
6170680b 480 if (num_svs) {
b931b1d9 481 type += 2; /* skip over '-|' */
6170680b
IZ
482 }
483 else {
b931b1d9
NIS
484 *--tend = '\0';
485 while (tend > type && isSPACE(tend[-1]))
486 *--tend = '\0';
a6e20a40
AL
487 for (; isSPACE(*type); type++)
488 ;
6170680b 489 name = type;
b931b1d9 490 len = tend-type;
6170680b 491 }
4a7d1889
NIS
492 if (*name == '\0') {
493 /* command is missing 19990114 */
06eaf0bc 494 if (ckWARN(WARN_PIPE))
9014280d 495 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_PIPE), "Missing command in piped open");
06eaf0bc
GS
496 errno = EPIPE;
497 goto say_false;
498 }
770526c1 499 if (!(*name == '-' && name[1] == '\0') || num_svs)
79072805
LW
500 TAINT_ENV();
501 TAINT_PROPER("piped open");
a1d180c4 502 mode[0] = 'r';
0c19750d
SP
503
504#ifdef HAS_STRLCAT
505 if (in_raw)
506 strlcat(mode, "b", PERL_MODE_MAX);
507 else if (in_crlf)
508 strlcat(mode, "t", PERL_MODE_MAX);
509#else
a1d180c4
NIS
510 if (in_raw)
511 strcat(mode, "b");
512 else if (in_crlf)
513 strcat(mode, "t");
0c19750d
SP
514#endif
515
4a7d1889
NIS
516 if (num_svs > 1) {
517 fp = PerlProc_popen_list(mode,num_svs,svp);
518 }
e620cd72 519 else {
4a7d1889
NIS
520 fp = PerlProc_popen(name,mode);
521 }
50952442 522 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_PIPE;
1771866f
NIS
523 if (num_svs) {
524 for (; isSPACE(*type); type++) ;
525 if (*type) {
526 if (PerlIO_apply_layers(aTHX_ fp, mode, type) != 0) {
527 goto say_false;
528 }
529 }
530 }
a687059c 531 }
c2be40b1 532 else { /* layer(Args) */
6170680b 533 if (num_svs)
c2be40b1 534 goto unknown_open_mode;
6170680b 535 name = type;
50952442 536 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_RDONLY;
a6e20a40
AL
537 for (; isSPACE(*name); name++)
538 ;
88b61e10 539 mode[0] = 'r';
0c19750d
SP
540
541#ifdef HAS_STRLCAT
542 if (in_raw)
543 strlcat(mode, "b", PERL_MODE_MAX);
544 else if (in_crlf)
545 strlcat(mode, "t", PERL_MODE_MAX);
546#else
88b61e10
NIS
547 if (in_raw)
548 strcat(mode, "b");
549 else if (in_crlf)
550 strcat(mode, "t");
0c19750d
SP
551#endif
552
770526c1 553 if (*name == '-' && name[1] == '\0') {
760ac839 554 fp = PerlIO_stdin();
50952442 555 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_STD;
a687059c 556 }
16fe6d59 557 else {
ee518936
NIS
558 if (!num_svs) {
559 namesv = sv_2mortal(newSVpvn(type,strlen(type)));
560 num_svs = 1;
561 svp = &namesv;
1141d9f8 562 type = Nullch;
ee518936 563 }
6e60e805 564 fp = PerlIO_openn(aTHX_ type,mode,-1,0,0,NULL,num_svs,svp);
16fe6d59 565 }
a687059c
LW
566 }
567 }
bee1dbe2 568 if (!fp) {
ce44635a 569 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_RDONLY && ckWARN(WARN_NEWLINE)
2fbb330f 570 && strchr(oname, '\n')
ce44635a 571
041457d9 572 )
9014280d 573 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_NEWLINE), PL_warn_nl, "open");
6e21c824 574 goto say_false;
bee1dbe2 575 }
a00b5bd3
NIS
576
577 if (ckWARN(WARN_IO)) {
578 if ((IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_RDONLY) &&
579 (fp == PerlIO_stdout() || fp == PerlIO_stderr())) {
9014280d 580 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO),
97828cef
RGS
581 "Filehandle STD%s reopened as %s only for input",
582 ((fp == PerlIO_stdout()) ? "OUT" : "ERR"),
583 GvENAME(gv));
a00b5bd3 584 }
ee518936 585 else if ((IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_WRONLY) && fp == PerlIO_stdin()) {
9014280d 586 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO),
97828cef
RGS
587 "Filehandle STDIN reopened as %s only for output",
588 GvENAME(gv));
a00b5bd3
NIS
589 }
590 }
591
e99cca91 592 fd = PerlIO_fileno(fp);
e934609f
JH
593 /* If there is no fd (e.g. PerlIO::scalar) assume it isn't a
594 * socket - this covers PerlIO::scalar - otherwise unless we "know" the
e99cca91
NIS
595 * type probe for socket-ness.
596 */
597 if (IoTYPE(io) && IoTYPE(io) != IoTYPE_PIPE && IoTYPE(io) != IoTYPE_STD && fd >= 0) {
598 if (PerlLIO_fstat(fd,&PL_statbuf) < 0) {
599 /* If PerlIO claims to have fd we had better be able to fstat() it. */
600 (void) PerlIO_close(fp);
6e21c824 601 goto say_false;
a687059c 602 }
7114a2d2 603#ifndef PERL_MICRO
3280af22 604 if (S_ISSOCK(PL_statbuf.st_mode))
50952442 605 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_SOCKET; /* in case a socket was passed in to us */
99b89507
LW
606#ifdef HAS_SOCKET
607 else if (
c623bd54 608#ifdef S_IFMT
3280af22 609 !(PL_statbuf.st_mode & S_IFMT)
99b89507 610#else
b28d0864 611 !PL_statbuf.st_mode
99b89507 612#endif
0759c907
JH
613 && IoTYPE(io) != IoTYPE_WRONLY /* Dups of STD* filehandles already have */
614 && IoTYPE(io) != IoTYPE_RDONLY /* type so they aren't marked as sockets */
615 ) { /* on OS's that return 0 on fstat()ed pipe */
e99cca91
NIS
616 char tmpbuf[256];
617 Sock_size_t buflen = sizeof tmpbuf;
618 if (PerlSock_getsockname(fd, (struct sockaddr *)tmpbuf, &buflen) >= 0
619 || errno != ENOTSOCK)
620 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_SOCKET; /* some OS's return 0 on fstat()ed socket */
621 /* but some return 0 for streams too, sigh */
99b89507 622 }
e99cca91 623#endif /* HAS_SOCKET */
7114a2d2 624#endif /* !PERL_MICRO */
a687059c 625 }
e99cca91
NIS
626
627 /* Eeek - FIXME !!!
628 * If this is a standard handle we discard all the layer stuff
629 * and just dup the fd into whatever was on the handle before !
630 */
631
6e21c824 632 if (saveifp) { /* must use old fp? */
f5b9d040 633 /* If fd is less that PL_maxsysfd i.e. STDIN..STDERR
24c23ab4 634 then dup the new fileno down
f5b9d040 635 */
6e21c824 636 if (saveofp) {
f5b9d040 637 PerlIO_flush(saveofp); /* emulate PerlIO_close() */
6e21c824 638 if (saveofp != saveifp) { /* was a socket? */
760ac839 639 PerlIO_close(saveofp);
6e21c824
LW
640 }
641 }
6e60e805 642 if (savefd != fd) {
e934609f 643 /* Still a small can-of-worms here if (say) PerlIO::scalar
ecdeb87c
NIS
644 is assigned to (say) STDOUT - for now let dup2() fail
645 and provide the error
646 */
bd4a5668
NIS
647 if (PerlLIO_dup2(fd, savefd) < 0) {
648 (void)PerlIO_close(fp);
649 goto say_false;
650 }
d082dcd6 651#ifdef VMS
6e60e805 652 if (savefd != PerlIO_fileno(PerlIO_stdin())) {
d0e2cf63
AMS
653 char newname[FILENAME_MAX+1];
654 if (PerlIO_getname(fp, newname)) {
655 if (fd == PerlIO_fileno(PerlIO_stdout()))
656 Perl_vmssetuserlnm(aTHX_ "SYS$OUTPUT", newname);
657 if (fd == PerlIO_fileno(PerlIO_stderr()))
658 Perl_vmssetuserlnm(aTHX_ "SYS$ERROR", newname);
659 }
d082dcd6
JH
660 }
661#endif
d0e2cf63
AMS
662
663#if !defined(WIN32)
664 /* PL_fdpid isn't used on Windows, so avoid this useless work.
665 * XXX Probably the same for a lot of other places. */
666 {
667 Pid_t pid;
668 SV *sv;
669
670 LOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
671 sv = *av_fetch(PL_fdpid,fd,TRUE);
862a34c6 672 SvUPGRADE(sv, SVt_IV);
d0e2cf63 673 pid = SvIVX(sv);
45977657 674 SvIV_set(sv, 0);
d0e2cf63 675 sv = *av_fetch(PL_fdpid,savefd,TRUE);
862a34c6 676 SvUPGRADE(sv, SVt_IV);
45977657 677 SvIV_set(sv, pid);
d0e2cf63
AMS
678 UNLOCK_FDPID_MUTEX;
679 }
680#endif
681
e212fc47
AMS
682 if (was_fdopen) {
683 /* need to close fp without closing underlying fd */
684 int ofd = PerlIO_fileno(fp);
685 int dupfd = PerlLIO_dup(ofd);
03e631df
JH
686#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD)
687 /* Assume if we have F_SETFD we have F_GETFD */
688 int coe = fcntl(ofd,F_GETFD);
689#endif
e212fc47
AMS
690 PerlIO_close(fp);
691 PerlLIO_dup2(dupfd,ofd);
03e631df
JH
692#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD)
693 /* The dup trick has lost close-on-exec on ofd */
694 fcntl(ofd,F_SETFD, coe);
695#endif
e212fc47 696 PerlLIO_close(dupfd);
ecdeb87c 697 }
e212fc47
AMS
698 else
699 PerlIO_close(fp);
6e21c824
LW
700 }
701 fp = saveifp;
760ac839 702 PerlIO_clearerr(fp);
e99cca91 703 fd = PerlIO_fileno(fp);
6e21c824 704 }
a0d0e21e 705#if defined(HAS_FCNTL) && defined(F_SETFD)
e99cca91 706 if (fd >= 0) {
a8710ca1 707 int save_errno = errno;
a8710ca1
GS
708 fcntl(fd,F_SETFD,fd > PL_maxsysfd); /* can change errno */
709 errno = save_errno;
710 }
1462b684 711#endif
8990e307 712 IoIFP(io) = fp;
b931b1d9 713
684bef36 714 IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_NOLINE;
bf38876a 715 if (writing) {
50952442 716 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_SOCKET
e99cca91 717 || (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_WRONLY && fd >= 0 && S_ISCHR(PL_statbuf.st_mode)) ) {
a33cf58c 718 char *s = mode;
3b6c1aba
JH
719 if (*s == IoTYPE_IMPLICIT || *s == IoTYPE_NUMERIC)
720 s++;
a33cf58c 721 *s = 'w';
1feb1812 722 if (!(IoOFP(io) = PerlIO_openn(aTHX_ type,s,fd,0,0,NULL,0,svp))) {
760ac839 723 PerlIO_close(fp);
8990e307 724 IoIFP(io) = Nullfp;
6e21c824 725 goto say_false;
fe14fcc3 726 }
1462b684
LW
727 }
728 else
8990e307 729 IoOFP(io) = fp;
bf38876a 730 }
a687059c 731 return TRUE;
6e21c824
LW
732
733say_false:
8990e307
LW
734 IoIFP(io) = saveifp;
735 IoOFP(io) = saveofp;
736 IoTYPE(io) = savetype;
6e21c824 737 return FALSE;
a687059c
LW
738}
739
760ac839 740PerlIO *
864dbfa3 741Perl_nextargv(pTHX_ register GV *gv)
a687059c 742{
79072805 743 register SV *sv;
99b89507 744#ifndef FLEXFILENAMES
c623bd54
LW
745 int filedev;
746 int fileino;
99b89507 747#endif
761237fe
JB
748 Uid_t fileuid;
749 Gid_t filegid;
2d03de9c 750 IO * const io = GvIOp(gv);
fe14fcc3 751
3280af22
NIS
752 if (!PL_argvoutgv)
753 PL_argvoutgv = gv_fetchpv("ARGVOUT",TRUE,SVt_PVIO);
18708f5a
GS
754 if (io && (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_ARGV) && (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_START)) {
755 IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_START;
7a1c5554
GS
756 if (PL_inplace) {
757 if (!PL_argvout_stack)
758 PL_argvout_stack = newAV();
18708f5a 759 av_push(PL_argvout_stack, SvREFCNT_inc(PL_defoutgv));
7a1c5554 760 }
18708f5a 761 }
3280af22
NIS
762 if (PL_filemode & (S_ISUID|S_ISGID)) {
763 PerlIO_flush(IoIFP(GvIOn(PL_argvoutgv))); /* chmod must follow last write */
fe14fcc3 764#ifdef HAS_FCHMOD
c797f2d8
DM
765 if (PL_lastfd != -1)
766 (void)fchmod(PL_lastfd,PL_filemode);
fe14fcc3 767#else
b28d0864 768 (void)PerlLIO_chmod(PL_oldname,PL_filemode);
fe14fcc3
LW
769#endif
770 }
c797f2d8 771 PL_lastfd = -1;
3280af22 772 PL_filemode = 0;
5c501b37
JH
773 if (!GvAV(gv))
774 return Nullfp;
79072805 775 while (av_len(GvAV(gv)) >= 0) {
85aff577 776 STRLEN oldlen;
79072805 777 sv = av_shift(GvAV(gv));
8990e307 778 SAVEFREESV(sv);
e203899d 779 sv_setsv(GvSVn(gv),sv);
79072805 780 SvSETMAGIC(GvSV(gv));
3280af22 781 PL_oldname = SvPVx(GvSV(gv), oldlen);
9d116dd7 782 if (do_open(gv,PL_oldname,oldlen,PL_inplace!=0,O_RDONLY,0,Nullfp)) {
3280af22 783 if (PL_inplace) {
79072805 784 TAINT_PROPER("inplace open");
3280af22 785 if (oldlen == 1 && *PL_oldname == '-') {
4633a7c4 786 setdefout(gv_fetchpv("STDOUT",TRUE,SVt_PVIO));
a0d0e21e 787 return IoIFP(GvIOp(gv));
c623bd54 788 }
99b89507 789#ifndef FLEXFILENAMES
b28d0864
NIS
790 filedev = PL_statbuf.st_dev;
791 fileino = PL_statbuf.st_ino;
99b89507 792#endif
3280af22
NIS
793 PL_filemode = PL_statbuf.st_mode;
794 fileuid = PL_statbuf.st_uid;
795 filegid = PL_statbuf.st_gid;
796 if (!S_ISREG(PL_filemode)) {
0453d815 797 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE))
9014280d 798 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE),
0453d815
PM
799 "Can't do inplace edit: %s is not a regular file",
800 PL_oldname );
79072805 801 do_close(gv,FALSE);
c623bd54
LW
802 continue;
803 }
3280af22 804 if (*PL_inplace) {
2d03de9c 805 const char *star = strchr(PL_inplace, '*');
2d259d92 806 if (star) {
2d03de9c 807 const char *begin = PL_inplace;
2d259d92
CK
808 sv_setpvn(sv, "", 0);
809 do {
810 sv_catpvn(sv, begin, star - begin);
3280af22 811 sv_catpvn(sv, PL_oldname, oldlen);
2d259d92
CK
812 begin = ++star;
813 } while ((star = strchr(begin, '*')));
3d66d7bb
GS
814 if (*begin)
815 sv_catpv(sv,begin);
2d259d92
CK
816 }
817 else {
3280af22 818 sv_catpv(sv,PL_inplace);
2d259d92 819 }
c623bd54 820#ifndef FLEXFILENAMES
95a20fc0 821 if ((PerlLIO_stat(SvPVX_const(sv),&PL_statbuf) >= 0
5f74f29c
JH
822 && PL_statbuf.st_dev == filedev
823 && PL_statbuf.st_ino == fileino)
39e571d4 824#ifdef DJGPP
5f74f29c 825 || ((_djstat_fail_bits & _STFAIL_TRUENAME)!=0)
39e571d4 826#endif
f248d071
GS
827 )
828 {
829 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE))
9014280d 830 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE),
35c1215d
NC
831 "Can't do inplace edit: %"SVf" would not be unique",
832 sv);
79072805 833 do_close(gv,FALSE);
c623bd54
LW
834 continue;
835 }
836#endif
fe14fcc3 837#ifdef HAS_RENAME
2585f9a3 838#if !defined(DOSISH) && !defined(__CYGWIN__) && !defined(EPOC)
95a20fc0 839 if (PerlLIO_rename(PL_oldname,SvPVX_const(sv)) < 0) {
0453d815 840 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE))
9014280d 841 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE),
35c1215d
NC
842 "Can't rename %s to %"SVf": %s, skipping file",
843 PL_oldname, sv, Strerror(errno) );
79072805 844 do_close(gv,FALSE);
c623bd54
LW
845 continue;
846 }
a687059c 847#else
79072805 848 do_close(gv,FALSE);
95a20fc0
SP
849 (void)PerlLIO_unlink(SvPVX_const(sv));
850 (void)PerlLIO_rename(PL_oldname,SvPVX_const(sv));
93524f2b
NC
851 do_open(gv,(char*)SvPVX_const(sv),SvCUR(sv),PL_inplace!=0,
852 O_RDONLY,0,Nullfp);
55497cff 853#endif /* DOSISH */
ff8e2863 854#else
95a20fc0
SP
855 (void)UNLINK(SvPVX_const(sv));
856 if (link(PL_oldname,SvPVX_const(sv)) < 0) {
0453d815 857 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE))
9014280d 858 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE),
35c1215d
NC
859 "Can't rename %s to %"SVf": %s, skipping file",
860 PL_oldname, sv, Strerror(errno) );
79072805 861 do_close(gv,FALSE);
c623bd54
LW
862 continue;
863 }
b28d0864 864 (void)UNLINK(PL_oldname);
a687059c
LW
865#endif
866 }
867 else {
c030f24b 868#if !defined(DOSISH) && !defined(AMIGAOS)
edc7bc49 869# ifndef VMS /* Don't delete; use automatic file versioning */
3280af22 870 if (UNLINK(PL_oldname) < 0) {
0453d815 871 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE))
9014280d 872 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE),
0453d815
PM
873 "Can't remove %s: %s, skipping file",
874 PL_oldname, Strerror(errno) );
79072805 875 do_close(gv,FALSE);
fe14fcc3
LW
876 continue;
877 }
edc7bc49 878# endif
ff8e2863 879#else
cea2e8a9 880 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Can't do inplace edit without backup");
ff8e2863 881#endif
a687059c
LW
882 }
883
3280af22
NIS
884 sv_setpvn(sv,">",!PL_inplace);
885 sv_catpvn(sv,PL_oldname,oldlen);
748a9306 886 SETERRNO(0,0); /* in case sprintf set errno */
4119ab01 887#ifdef VMS
93524f2b
NC
888 if (!do_open(PL_argvoutgv,(char*)SvPVX_const(sv),SvCUR(sv),
889 PL_inplace!=0,O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC,0,Nullfp))
4119ab01 890#else
93524f2b
NC
891 if (!do_open(PL_argvoutgv,(char*)SvPVX_const(sv),SvCUR(sv),
892 PL_inplace!=0,O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|OPEN_EXCL,0666,
893 Nullfp))
4119ab01 894#endif
18708f5a 895 {
0453d815 896 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE))
9014280d 897 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE), "Can't do inplace edit on %s: %s",
0453d815 898 PL_oldname, Strerror(errno) );
79072805 899 do_close(gv,FALSE);
fe14fcc3
LW
900 continue;
901 }
3280af22
NIS
902 setdefout(PL_argvoutgv);
903 PL_lastfd = PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(GvIOp(PL_argvoutgv)));
904 (void)PerlLIO_fstat(PL_lastfd,&PL_statbuf);
fe14fcc3 905#ifdef HAS_FCHMOD
3280af22 906 (void)fchmod(PL_lastfd,PL_filemode);
a687059c 907#else
3e3baf6d
TB
908# if !(defined(WIN32) && defined(__BORLANDC__))
909 /* Borland runtime creates a readonly file! */
b28d0864 910 (void)PerlLIO_chmod(PL_oldname,PL_filemode);
3e3baf6d 911# endif
a687059c 912#endif
3280af22 913 if (fileuid != PL_statbuf.st_uid || filegid != PL_statbuf.st_gid) {
fe14fcc3 914#ifdef HAS_FCHOWN
3280af22 915 (void)fchown(PL_lastfd,fileuid,filegid);
a687059c 916#else
fe14fcc3 917#ifdef HAS_CHOWN
b28d0864 918 (void)PerlLIO_chown(PL_oldname,fileuid,filegid);
a687059c 919#endif
b1248f16 920#endif
fe14fcc3 921 }
a687059c 922 }
a0d0e21e 923 return IoIFP(GvIOp(gv));
a687059c 924 }
4d61ec05 925 else {
4d61ec05 926 if (ckWARN_d(WARN_INPLACE)) {
4373e329 927 const int eno = errno;
6af84f9f
GS
928 if (PerlLIO_stat(PL_oldname, &PL_statbuf) >= 0
929 && !S_ISREG(PL_statbuf.st_mode))
930 {
9014280d 931 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE),
4d61ec05 932 "Can't do inplace edit: %s is not a regular file",
9a7dcd9c 933 PL_oldname);
6af84f9f 934 }
4d61ec05 935 else
9014280d 936 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_INPLACE), "Can't open %s: %s",
6af84f9f 937 PL_oldname, Strerror(eno));
4d61ec05
GS
938 }
939 }
a687059c 940 }
18708f5a
GS
941 if (io && (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_ARGV))
942 IoFLAGS(io) |= IOf_START;
3280af22
NIS
943 if (PL_inplace) {
944 (void)do_close(PL_argvoutgv,FALSE);
7a1c5554
GS
945 if (io && (IoFLAGS(io) & IOf_ARGV)
946 && PL_argvout_stack && AvFILLp(PL_argvout_stack) >= 0)
947 {
18708f5a
GS
948 GV *oldout = (GV*)av_pop(PL_argvout_stack);
949 setdefout(oldout);
950 SvREFCNT_dec(oldout);
951 return Nullfp;
952 }
4633a7c4 953 setdefout(gv_fetchpv("STDOUT",TRUE,SVt_PVIO));
a687059c
LW
954 }
955 return Nullfp;
956}
957
fe14fcc3 958#ifdef HAS_PIPE
afd9f252 959void
864dbfa3 960Perl_do_pipe(pTHX_ SV *sv, GV *rgv, GV *wgv)
afd9f252 961{
79072805
LW
962 register IO *rstio;
963 register IO *wstio;
afd9f252
LW
964 int fd[2];
965
79072805 966 if (!rgv)
afd9f252 967 goto badexit;
79072805 968 if (!wgv)
afd9f252
LW
969 goto badexit;
970
a0d0e21e
LW
971 rstio = GvIOn(rgv);
972 wstio = GvIOn(wgv);
afd9f252 973
a0d0e21e 974 if (IoIFP(rstio))
79072805 975 do_close(rgv,FALSE);
a0d0e21e 976 if (IoIFP(wstio))
79072805 977 do_close(wgv,FALSE);
afd9f252 978
3028581b 979 if (PerlProc_pipe(fd) < 0)
afd9f252 980 goto badexit;
460c8493
IZ
981 IoIFP(rstio) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[0], "r"PIPE_OPEN_MODE);
982 IoOFP(wstio) = PerlIO_fdopen(fd[1], "w"PIPE_OPEN_MODE);
b5ac89c3 983 IoOFP(rstio) = IoIFP(rstio);
8990e307 984 IoIFP(wstio) = IoOFP(wstio);
50952442
JH
985 IoTYPE(rstio) = IoTYPE_RDONLY;
986 IoTYPE(wstio) = IoTYPE_WRONLY;
8990e307 987 if (!IoIFP(rstio) || !IoOFP(wstio)) {
760ac839 988 if (IoIFP(rstio)) PerlIO_close(IoIFP(rstio));
3028581b 989 else PerlLIO_close(fd[0]);
760ac839 990 if (IoOFP(wstio)) PerlIO_close(IoOFP(wstio));
3028581b 991 else PerlLIO_close(fd[1]);
fe14fcc3
LW
992 goto badexit;
993 }
afd9f252 994
3280af22 995 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_yes);
afd9f252
LW
996 return;
997
998badexit:
3280af22 999 sv_setsv(sv,&PL_sv_undef);
afd9f252
LW
1000 return;
1001}
b1248f16 1002#endif
afd9f252 1003
517844ec 1004/* explicit renamed to avoid C++ conflict -- kja */
a687059c 1005bool
864dbfa3 1006Perl_do_close(pTHX_ GV *gv, bool not_implicit)
a687059c 1007{
1193dd27
IZ
1008 bool retval;
1009 IO *io;
a687059c 1010
79072805 1011 if (!gv)
3280af22 1012 gv = PL_argvgv;
a0d0e21e 1013 if (!gv || SvTYPE(gv) != SVt_PVGV) {
1d2dff63 1014 if (not_implicit)
93189314 1015 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
c2ab57d4 1016 return FALSE;
99b89507 1017 }
79072805
LW
1018 io = GvIO(gv);
1019 if (!io) { /* never opened */
1d2dff63 1020 if (not_implicit) {
2dd78f96
JH
1021 if (ckWARN(WARN_UNOPENED)) /* no check for closed here */
1022 report_evil_fh(gv, io, PL_op->op_type);
93189314 1023 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
1d2dff63 1024 }
a687059c
LW
1025 return FALSE;
1026 }
f2b5be74 1027 retval = io_close(io, not_implicit);
517844ec 1028 if (not_implicit) {
1193dd27
IZ
1029 IoLINES(io) = 0;
1030 IoPAGE(io) = 0;
1031 IoLINES_LEFT(io) = IoPAGE_LEN(io);
1032 }
50952442 1033 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_CLOSED;
1193dd27
IZ
1034 return retval;
1035}
1036
1037bool
f2b5be74 1038Perl_io_close(pTHX_ IO *io, bool not_implicit)
1193dd27
IZ
1039{
1040 bool retval = FALSE;
1193dd27 1041
8990e307 1042 if (IoIFP(io)) {
50952442 1043 if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_PIPE) {
4373e329 1044 const int status = PerlProc_pclose(IoIFP(io));
f2b5be74 1045 if (not_implicit) {
37038d91 1046 STATUS_NATIVE_CHILD_SET(status);
e5218da5 1047 retval = (STATUS_UNIX == 0);
f2b5be74
GS
1048 }
1049 else {
1050 retval = (status != -1);
1051 }
a687059c 1052 }
50952442 1053 else if (IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_STD)
a687059c
LW
1054 retval = TRUE;
1055 else {
8990e307 1056 if (IoOFP(io) && IoOFP(io) != IoIFP(io)) { /* a socket */
e199e3be
RGS
1057 bool prev_err = PerlIO_error(IoOFP(io));
1058 retval = (PerlIO_close(IoOFP(io)) != EOF && !prev_err);
760ac839 1059 PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io)); /* clear stdio, fd already closed */
c2ab57d4 1060 }
e199e3be
RGS
1061 else {
1062 bool prev_err = PerlIO_error(IoIFP(io));
1063 retval = (PerlIO_close(IoIFP(io)) != EOF && !prev_err);
1064 }
a687059c 1065 }
8990e307 1066 IoOFP(io) = IoIFP(io) = Nullfp;
79072805 1067 }
f2b5be74 1068 else if (not_implicit) {
93189314 1069 SETERRNO(EBADF,SS_IVCHAN);
20408e3c 1070 }
1193dd27 1071
a687059c
LW
1072 return retval;
1073}
1074
1075bool
864dbfa3 1076Perl_do_eof(pTHX_ GV *gv)
a687059c 1077{
79072805 1078 register IO *io;
a687059c
LW
1079 int ch;
1080
79072805 1081 io = GvIO(gv);
a687059c 1082
79072805 1083 if (!io)
a687059c 1084 return TRUE;
041457d9 1085 else if ((IoTYPE(io) == IoTYPE_WRONLY) && ckWARN(WARN_IO))
06bcfee8 1086 report_evil_fh(gv, io, OP_phoney_OUTPUT_ONLY);
a687059c 1087
8990e307 1088 while (IoIFP(io)) {
505fdf5d 1089 int saverrno;
a687059c 1090
760ac839 1091 if (PerlIO_has_cntptr(IoIFP(io))) { /* (the code works without this) */
a20bf0c3 1092 if (PerlIO_get_cnt(IoIFP(io)) > 0) /* cheat a little, since */
760ac839
LW
1093 return FALSE; /* this is the most usual case */
1094 }
a687059c 1095
505fdf5d 1096 saverrno = errno; /* getc and ungetc can stomp on errno */
760ac839 1097 ch = PerlIO_getc(IoIFP(io));
a687059c 1098 if (ch != EOF) {
760ac839 1099 (void)PerlIO_ungetc(IoIFP(io),ch);
505fdf5d 1100 errno = saverrno;
a687059c
LW
1101 return FALSE;
1102 }
505fdf5d 1103 errno = saverrno;
fab3f3a7 1104
760ac839 1105 if (PerlIO_has_cntptr(IoIFP(io)) && PerlIO_canset_cnt(IoIFP(io))) {
a20bf0c3
JH
1106 if (PerlIO_get_cnt(IoIFP(io)) < -1)
1107 PerlIO_set_cnt(IoIFP(io),-1);
760ac839 1108 }
533c011a 1109 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL) { /* not necessarily a real EOF yet? */
ed2c6b9b 1110 if (gv != PL_argvgv || !nextargv(gv)) /* get another fp handy */
a687059c
LW
1111 return TRUE;
1112 }
1113 else
1114 return TRUE; /* normal fp, definitely end of file */
1115 }
1116 return TRUE;
1117}
1118
5ff3f7a4 1119Off_t
864dbfa3 1120Perl_do_tell(pTHX_ GV *gv)
a687059c 1121{
9c5ffd7c 1122 register IO *io = 0;
96e4d5b1 1123 register PerlIO *fp;
a687059c 1124
96e4d5b1 1125 if (gv && (io = GvIO(gv)) && (fp = IoIFP(io))) {
bee1dbe2 1126#ifdef ULTRIX_STDIO_BOTCH
96e4d5b1
PP
1127 if (PerlIO_eof(fp))
1128 (void)PerlIO_seek(fp, 0L, 2); /* ultrix 1.2 workaround */
bee1dbe2 1129#endif
8903cb82 1130 return PerlIO_tell(fp);
96e4d5b1 1131 }
411caa50
JH
1132 if (ckWARN2(WARN_UNOPENED,WARN_CLOSED))
1133 report_evil_fh(gv, io, PL_op->op_type);
93189314 1134 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
5ff3f7a4 1135 return (Off_t)-1;
a687059c
LW
1136}
1137
1138bool
864dbfa3 1139Perl_do_seek(pTHX_ GV *gv, Off_t pos, int whence)
a687059c 1140{
9c5ffd7c 1141 register IO *io = 0;
137443ea 1142 register PerlIO *fp;
a687059c 1143
137443ea 1144 if (gv && (io = GvIO(gv)) && (fp = IoIFP(io))) {
bee1dbe2 1145#ifdef ULTRIX_STDIO_BOTCH
137443ea
PP
1146 if (PerlIO_eof(fp))
1147 (void)PerlIO_seek(fp, 0L, 2); /* ultrix 1.2 workaround */
bee1dbe2 1148#endif
8903cb82 1149 return PerlIO_seek(fp, pos, whence) >= 0;
137443ea 1150 }
411caa50
JH
1151 if (ckWARN2(WARN_UNOPENED,WARN_CLOSED))
1152 report_evil_fh(gv, io, PL_op->op_type);
93189314 1153 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
a687059c
LW
1154 return FALSE;
1155}
1156
97cc44eb 1157Off_t
864dbfa3 1158Perl_do_sysseek(pTHX_ GV *gv, Off_t pos, int whence)
8903cb82 1159{
9c5ffd7c 1160 register IO *io = 0;
8903cb82
PP
1161 register PerlIO *fp;
1162
1163 if (gv && (io = GvIO(gv)) && (fp = IoIFP(io)))
3028581b 1164 return PerlLIO_lseek(PerlIO_fileno(fp), pos, whence);
411caa50
JH
1165 if (ckWARN2(WARN_UNOPENED,WARN_CLOSED))
1166 report_evil_fh(gv, io, PL_op->op_type);
93189314 1167 SETERRNO(EBADF,RMS_IFI);
d9b3e12d 1168 return (Off_t)-1;
8903cb82
PP
1169}
1170
6ff81951 1171int
16fe6d59
GS
1172Perl_mode_from_discipline(pTHX_ SV *discp)
1173{
1174 int mode = O_BINARY;
1175 if (discp) {
1176 STRLEN len;
e62f0680 1177 const char *s = SvPV_const(discp,len);
16fe6d59
GS
1178 while (*s) {
1179 if (*s == ':') {
1180 switch (s[1]) {
1181 case 'r':
e963d6d2 1182 if (s[2] == 'a' && s[3] == 'w'
16fe6d59
GS
1183 && (!s[4] || s[4] == ':' || isSPACE(s[4])))
1184 {
1185 mode = O_BINARY;
1186 s += 4;
1187 len -= 4;
1188 break;
1189 }
1190 /* FALL THROUGH */
1191 case 'c':
e963d6d2 1192 if (s[2] == 'r' && s[3] == 'l' && s[4] == 'f'
16fe6d59
GS
1193 && (!s[5] || s[5] == ':' || isSPACE(s[5])))
1194 {
1195 mode = O_TEXT;
1196 s += 5;
1197 len -= 5;
1198 break;
1199 }
1200 /* FALL THROUGH */
1201 default:
1202 goto fail_discipline;
1203 }
1204 }
1205 else if (isSPACE(*s)) {
1206 ++s;
1207 --len;
1208 }
1209 else {
4373e329 1210 const char *end;
16fe6d59
GS
1211fail_discipline:
1212 end = strchr(s+1, ':');
1213 if (!end)
1214 end = s+len;
60382766 1215#ifndef PERLIO_LAYERS
363c40c4 1216 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "IO layers (like '%.*s') unavailable", end-s, s);
60382766 1217#else
18a33fb5 1218 len -= end-s;
60382766
NIS
1219 s = end;
1220#endif
16fe6d59
GS
1221 }
1222 }
1223 }
1224 return mode;
1225}
1226
1227int
1228Perl_do_binmode(pTHX_ PerlIO *fp, int iotype, int mode)
6ff81951 1229{
60382766
NIS
1230 /* The old body of this is now in non-LAYER part of perlio.c
1231 * This is a stub for any XS code which might have been calling it.
1232 */
e1ec3a88 1233 const char *name = ":raw";
35990314 1234#ifdef PERLIO_USING_CRLF
8b24e160 1235 if (!(mode & O_BINARY))
6ce75a77
JH
1236 name = ":crlf";
1237#endif
60382766 1238 return PerlIO_binmode(aTHX_ fp, iotype, mode, name);
6ff81951
GS
1239}
1240
58e24eff 1241#if !defined(HAS_TRUNCATE) && !defined(HAS_CHSIZE)
27da23d5
JH
1242I32
1243my_chsize(int fd, Off_t length)
6eb13c3b 1244{
58e24eff
SH
1245#ifdef F_FREESP
1246 /* code courtesy of William Kucharski */
1247#define HAS_CHSIZE
1248
6eb13c3b 1249 struct flock fl;
c623ac67 1250 Stat_t filebuf;
6eb13c3b 1251
3028581b 1252 if (PerlLIO_fstat(fd, &filebuf) < 0)
6eb13c3b
LW
1253 return -1;
1254
1255 if (filebuf.st_size < length) {
1256
1257 /* extend file length */
1258
3028581b 1259 if ((PerlLIO_lseek(fd, (length - 1), 0)) < 0)
6eb13c3b
LW
1260 return -1;
1261
1262 /* write a "0" byte */
1263
3028581b 1264 if ((PerlLIO_write(fd, "", 1)) != 1)
6eb13c3b
LW
1265 return -1;
1266 }
1267 else {
1268 /* truncate length */
1269
1270 fl.l_whence = 0;
1271 fl.l_len = 0;
1272 fl.l_start = length;
a0d0e21e 1273 fl.l_type = F_WRLCK; /* write lock on file space */
6eb13c3b
LW
1274
1275 /*
a0d0e21e 1276 * This relies on the UNDOCUMENTED F_FREESP argument to
6eb13c3b
LW
1277 * fcntl(2), which truncates the file so that it ends at the
1278 * position indicated by fl.l_start.
1279 *
1280 * Will minor miracles never cease?
1281 */
1282
a0d0e21e 1283 if (fcntl(fd, F_FREESP, &fl) < 0)
6eb13c3b
LW
1284 return -1;
1285
1286 }
6eb13c3b 1287 return 0;
58e24eff 1288#else
27da23d5 1289 Perl_croak_nocontext("truncate not implemented");
a0d0e21e 1290#endif /* F_FREESP */
27da23d5 1291 return -1;
58e24eff
SH
1292}
1293#endif /* !HAS_TRUNCATE && !HAS_CHSIZE */
ff8e2863 1294
a687059c 1295bool
864dbfa3 1296Perl_do_print(pTHX_ register SV *sv, PerlIO *fp)
a687059c 1297{
e1ec3a88 1298 register const char *tmps;
463ee0b2 1299 STRLEN len;
a687059c 1300
79072805
LW
1301 /* assuming fp is checked earlier */
1302 if (!sv)
1303 return TRUE;
79072805
LW
1304 switch (SvTYPE(sv)) {
1305 case SVt_NULL:
411caa50 1306 if (ckWARN(WARN_UNINITIALIZED))
29489e7c 1307 report_uninit(sv);
ff8e2863 1308 return TRUE;
79072805 1309 case SVt_IV:
a0d0e21e 1310 if (SvIOK(sv)) {
5b295bef 1311 SvGETMAGIC(sv);
cf2093f6 1312 if (SvIsUV(sv))
57def98f 1313 PerlIO_printf(fp, "%"UVuf, (UV)SvUVX(sv));
cf2093f6 1314 else
57def98f 1315 PerlIO_printf(fp, "%"IVdf, (IV)SvIVX(sv));
760ac839 1316 return !PerlIO_error(fp);
a0d0e21e
LW
1317 }
1318 /* FALL THROUGH */
79072805 1319 default:
7d59b7e4 1320 if (PerlIO_isutf8(fp)) {
f9a63242 1321 if (!SvUTF8(sv))
88632417
JH
1322 sv_utf8_upgrade_flags(sv = sv_mortalcopy(sv),
1323 SV_GMAGIC|SV_UTF8_NO_ENCODING);
7d59b7e4 1324 }
ae798467 1325 else if (DO_UTF8(sv)) {
2da16753 1326 if (!sv_utf8_downgrade((sv = sv_mortalcopy(sv)), TRUE)
62961d2e 1327 && ckWARN_d(WARN_UTF8))
2da16753 1328 {
9014280d 1329 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_UTF8), "Wide character in print");
ae798467
NIS
1330 }
1331 }
5c144d81 1332 tmps = SvPV_const(sv, len);
79072805 1333 break;
ff8e2863 1334 }
94e4c244
JH
1335 /* To detect whether the process is about to overstep its
1336 * filesize limit we would need getrlimit(). We could then
1337 * also transparently raise the limit with setrlimit() --
1338 * but only until the system hard limit/the filesystem limit,
c5dd3cdd
JH
1339 * at which we would get EPERM. Note that when using buffered
1340 * io the write failure can be delayed until the flush/close. --jhi */
a21ac455 1341 if (len && (PerlIO_write(fp,tmps,len) == 0))
a687059c 1342 return FALSE;
760ac839 1343 return !PerlIO_error(fp);
a687059c
LW
1344}
1345
79072805 1346I32
cea2e8a9 1347Perl_my_stat(pTHX)
a687059c 1348{
39644a26 1349 dSP;
79072805 1350 IO *io;
2dd78f96 1351 GV* gv;
79072805 1352
533c011a 1353 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_REF) {
924508f0 1354 EXTEND(SP,1);
2dd78f96 1355 gv = cGVOP_gv;
748a9306 1356 do_fstat:
2dd78f96 1357 io = GvIO(gv);
8990e307 1358 if (io && IoIFP(io)) {
2dd78f96 1359 PL_statgv = gv;
c69006e4 1360 sv_setpvn(PL_statname,"", 0);
3280af22
NIS
1361 PL_laststype = OP_STAT;
1362 return (PL_laststatval = PerlLIO_fstat(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(io)), &PL_statcache));
a687059c
LW
1363 }
1364 else {
2dd78f96 1365 if (gv == PL_defgv)
3280af22 1366 return PL_laststatval;
2dd78f96
JH
1367 if (ckWARN2(WARN_UNOPENED,WARN_CLOSED))
1368 report_evil_fh(gv, io, PL_op->op_type);
3280af22 1369 PL_statgv = Nullgv;
c69006e4 1370 sv_setpvn(PL_statname,"", 0);
3280af22 1371 return (PL_laststatval = -1);
a687059c
LW
1372 }
1373 }
fbb0b3b3
RGS
1374 else if (PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKED) {
1375 return PL_laststatval;
1376 }
a687059c 1377 else {
748a9306 1378 SV* sv = POPs;
4373e329 1379 const char *s;
4ecd490c 1380 STRLEN len;
79072805 1381 PUTBACK;
748a9306 1382 if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_PVGV) {
2dd78f96 1383 gv = (GV*)sv;
748a9306
LW
1384 goto do_fstat;
1385 }
1386 else if (SvROK(sv) && SvTYPE(SvRV(sv)) == SVt_PVGV) {
2dd78f96 1387 gv = (GV*)SvRV(sv);
748a9306
LW
1388 goto do_fstat;
1389 }
1390
5c144d81 1391 s = SvPV_const(sv, len);
3280af22 1392 PL_statgv = Nullgv;
4ecd490c 1393 sv_setpvn(PL_statname, s, len);
95a20fc0 1394 s = SvPVX_const(PL_statname); /* s now NUL-terminated */
3280af22
NIS
1395 PL_laststype = OP_STAT;
1396 PL_laststatval = PerlLIO_stat(s, &PL_statcache);
ce44635a 1397 if (PL_laststatval < 0 && ckWARN(WARN_NEWLINE) && strchr(s, '\n'))
9014280d 1398 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_NEWLINE), PL_warn_nl, "stat");
3280af22 1399 return PL_laststatval;
a687059c
LW
1400 }
1401}
1402
27da23d5 1403static const char no_prev_lstat[] = "The stat preceding -l _ wasn't an lstat";
fbb0b3b3 1404
79072805 1405I32
cea2e8a9 1406Perl_my_lstat(pTHX)
c623bd54 1407{
39644a26 1408 dSP;
79072805 1409 SV *sv;
533c011a 1410 if (PL_op->op_flags & OPf_REF) {
924508f0 1411 EXTEND(SP,1);
638eceb6 1412 if (cGVOP_gv == PL_defgv) {
3280af22 1413 if (PL_laststype != OP_LSTAT)
fbb0b3b3 1414 Perl_croak(aTHX_ no_prev_lstat);
3280af22 1415 return PL_laststatval;
fe14fcc3 1416 }
5d3e98de 1417 if (ckWARN(WARN_IO)) {
9014280d 1418 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO), "Use of -l on filehandle %s",
5d3e98de
RGS
1419 GvENAME(cGVOP_gv));
1420 return (PL_laststatval = -1);
1421 }
fe14fcc3 1422 }
041457d9
DM
1423 else if (PL_laststype != OP_LSTAT
1424 && (PL_op->op_private & OPpFT_STACKED) && ckWARN(WARN_IO))
fbb0b3b3 1425 Perl_croak(aTHX_ no_prev_lstat);
c623bd54 1426
3280af22
NIS
1427 PL_laststype = OP_LSTAT;
1428 PL_statgv = Nullgv;
79072805
LW
1429 sv = POPs;
1430 PUTBACK;
5d3e98de 1431 if (SvROK(sv) && SvTYPE(SvRV(sv)) == SVt_PVGV && ckWARN(WARN_IO)) {
9014280d 1432 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_IO), "Use of -l on filehandle %s",
5d3e98de
RGS
1433 GvENAME((GV*) SvRV(sv)));
1434 return (PL_laststatval = -1);
1435 }
4373e329 1436 /* XXX Do really need to be calling SvPV() all these times? */
e62f0680
NC
1437 sv_setpv(PL_statname,SvPV_nolen_const(sv));
1438 PL_laststatval = PerlLIO_lstat(SvPV_nolen_const(sv),&PL_statcache);
1439 if (PL_laststatval < 0 && ckWARN(WARN_NEWLINE) && strchr(SvPV_nolen_const(sv), '\n'))
9014280d 1440 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_NEWLINE), PL_warn_nl, "lstat");
3280af22 1441 return PL_laststatval;
c623bd54
LW
1442}
1443
622913ab 1444#ifndef OS2
a687059c 1445bool
864dbfa3 1446Perl_do_aexec(pTHX_ SV *really, register SV **mark, register SV **sp)
a687059c 1447{
d5a9bfb0
IZ
1448 return do_aexec5(really, mark, sp, 0, 0);
1449}
622913ab 1450#endif
d5a9bfb0
IZ
1451
1452bool
2aa1486d
GS
1453Perl_do_aexec5(pTHX_ SV *really, register SV **mark, register SV **sp,
1454 int fd, int do_report)
d5a9bfb0 1455{
27da23d5
JH
1456 dVAR;
1457#if defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL) || defined(SYMBIAN)
cd39f2b6
JH
1458 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "exec? I'm not *that* kind of operating system");
1459#else
79072805 1460 if (sp > mark) {
c3c5fad7 1461 char **a;
890ce7af 1462 const char *tmps = Nullch;
c3c5fad7
DM
1463 Newx(PL_Argv, sp - mark + 1, char*);
1464 a = PL_Argv;
890ce7af 1465
79072805
LW
1466 while (++mark <= sp) {
1467 if (*mark)
e62f0680 1468 *a++ = (char*)SvPV_nolen_const(*mark);
a687059c
LW
1469 else
1470 *a++ = "";
1471 }
1472 *a = Nullch;
91b2752f 1473 if (really)
e62f0680 1474 tmps = SvPV_nolen_const(really);
91b2752f
RG
1475 if ((!really && *PL_Argv[0] != '/') ||
1476 (really && *tmps != '/')) /* will execvp use PATH? */
79072805 1477 TAINT_ENV(); /* testing IFS here is overkill, probably */
b35112e7 1478 PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC
91b2752f 1479 if (really && *tmps)
b4748376 1480 PerlProc_execvp(tmps,EXEC_ARGV_CAST(PL_Argv));
a687059c 1481 else
b4748376 1482 PerlProc_execvp(PL_Argv[0],EXEC_ARGV_CAST(PL_Argv));
b35112e7 1483 PERL_FPU_POST_EXEC
599cee73 1484 if (ckWARN(WARN_EXEC))
9014280d 1485 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_EXEC), "Can't exec \"%s\": %s",
91b2752f 1486 (really ? tmps : PL_Argv[0]), Strerror(errno));
d5a9bfb0
IZ
1487 if (do_report) {
1488 int e = errno;
1489
1490 PerlLIO_write(fd, (void*)&e, sizeof(int));
1491 PerlLIO_close(fd);
1492 }
a687059c 1493 }
bee1dbe2 1494 do_execfree();
cd39f2b6 1495#endif
a687059c
LW
1496 return FALSE;
1497}
1498
fe14fcc3 1499void
864dbfa3 1500Perl_do_execfree(pTHX)
ff8e2863 1501{
43c5f42d
NC
1502 Safefree(PL_Argv);
1503 PL_Argv = Null(char **);
1504 Safefree(PL_Cmd);
1505 PL_Cmd = Nullch;
ff8e2863
LW
1506}
1507
27da23d5 1508#if !defined(OS2) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(DJGPP) && !defined(EPOC) && !defined(SYMBIAN) && !defined(MACOS_TRADITIONAL)
760ac839 1509
a687059c 1510bool
2fbb330f 1511Perl_do_exec(pTHX_ const char *cmd)
a687059c 1512{
e446cec8
IZ
1513 return do_exec3(cmd,0,0);
1514}
1515
1516bool
2fbb330f 1517Perl_do_exec3(pTHX_ const char *incmd, int fd, int do_report)
e446cec8 1518{
27da23d5 1519 dVAR;
a687059c
LW
1520 register char **a;
1521 register char *s;
2fbb330f
JM
1522 char *cmd;
1523 int cmdlen;
1524
1525 /* Make a copy so we can change it */
1526 cmdlen = strlen(incmd);
1527 Newx(cmd, cmdlen+1, char);
1528 strncpy(cmd, incmd, cmdlen);
1529 cmd[cmdlen] = 0;
a687059c 1530
748a9306
LW
1531 while (*cmd && isSPACE(*cmd))
1532 cmd++;
1533
a687059c
LW
1534 /* save an extra exec if possible */
1535
bf38876a 1536#ifdef CSH
d05c1ba0 1537 {
0c19750d 1538 char flags[PERL_FLAGS_MAX];
d05c1ba0
JH
1539 if (strnEQ(cmd,PL_cshname,PL_cshlen) &&
1540 strnEQ(cmd+PL_cshlen," -c",3)) {
0c19750d
SP
1541#ifdef HAS_STRLCPY
1542 strlcpy(flags, "-c", PERL_FLAGS_MAX);
1543#else
d05c1ba0 1544 strcpy(flags,"-c");
0c19750d 1545#endif
d05c1ba0
JH
1546 s = cmd+PL_cshlen+3;
1547 if (*s == 'f') {
1548 s++;
0c19750d
SP
1549#ifdef HAS_STRLCPY
1550 strlcat(flags, "f", PERL_FLAGS_MAX);
1551#else
d05c1ba0 1552 strcat(flags,"f");
0c19750d 1553#endif
d05c1ba0
JH
1554 }
1555 if (*s == ' ')
1556 s++;
1557 if (*s++ == '\'') {
1558 char *ncmd = s;
1559
1560 while (*s)
1561 s++;
1562 if (s[-1] == '\n')
1563 *--s = '\0';
1564 if (s[-1] == '\'') {
1565 *--s = '\0';
b35112e7 1566 PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC
d05c1ba0 1567 PerlProc_execl(PL_cshname,"csh", flags, ncmd, (char*)0);
b35112e7 1568 PERL_FPU_POST_EXEC
d05c1ba0 1569 *s = '\'';
2fbb330f 1570 Safefree(cmd);
d05c1ba0
JH
1571 return FALSE;
1572 }
1573 }
a687059c
LW
1574 }
1575 }
bf38876a 1576#endif /* CSH */
a687059c
LW
1577
1578 /* see if there are shell metacharacters in it */
1579
748a9306
LW
1580 if (*cmd == '.' && isSPACE(cmd[1]))
1581 goto doshell;
1582
1583 if (strnEQ(cmd,"exec",4) && isSPACE(cmd[4]))
1584 goto doshell;
1585
c170e444 1586 for (s = cmd; *s && isALNUM(*s); s++) ; /* catch VAR=val gizmo */
63f2c1e1
LW
1587 if (*s == '=')
1588 goto doshell;
748a9306 1589
a687059c 1590 for (s = cmd; *s; s++) {
d05c1ba0
JH
1591 if (*s != ' ' && !isALPHA(*s) &&
1592 strchr("$&*(){}[]'\";\\|?<>~`\n",*s)) {
a687059c
LW
1593 if (*s == '\n' && !s[1]) {
1594 *s = '\0';
1595 break;
1596 }
603a98b0
IZ
1597 /* handle the 2>&1 construct at the end */
1598 if (*s == '>' && s[1] == '&' && s[2] == '1'
1599 && s > cmd + 1 && s[-1] == '2' && isSPACE(s[-2])
1600 && (!s[3] || isSPACE(s[3])))
1601 {
6867be6d 1602 const char *t = s + 3;
603a98b0
IZ
1603
1604 while (*t && isSPACE(*t))
1605 ++t;
943bbd07 1606 if (!*t && (PerlLIO_dup2(1,2) != -1)) {
603a98b0
IZ
1607 s[-2] = '\0';
1608 break;
1609 }
1610 }
a687059c 1611 doshell:
b35112e7 1612 PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC
3280af22 1613 PerlProc_execl(PL_sh_path, "sh", "-c", cmd, (char*)0);
b35112e7 1614 PERL_FPU_POST_EXEC
2fbb330f 1615 Safefree(cmd);
a687059c
LW
1616 return FALSE;
1617 }
1618 }
748a9306 1619
a02a5408 1620 Newx(PL_Argv, (s - cmd) / 2 + 2, char*);
3280af22
NIS
1621 PL_Cmd = savepvn(cmd, s-cmd);
1622 a = PL_Argv;
1623 for (s = PL_Cmd; *s;) {
99b89507 1624 while (*s && isSPACE(*s)) s++;
a687059c
LW
1625 if (*s)
1626 *(a++) = s;
99b89507 1627 while (*s && !isSPACE(*s)) s++;
a687059c
LW
1628 if (*s)
1629 *s++ = '\0';
1630 }
1631 *a = Nullch;
3280af22 1632 if (PL_Argv[0]) {
b35112e7 1633 PERL_FPU_PRE_EXEC
3280af22 1634 PerlProc_execvp(PL_Argv[0],PL_Argv);
b35112e7 1635 PERL_FPU_POST_EXEC
b1248f16 1636 if (errno == ENOEXEC) { /* for system V NIH syndrome */
ff8e2863 1637 do_execfree();
a687059c 1638 goto doshell;
b1248f16 1639 }
d008e5eb 1640 {
d008e5eb 1641 if (ckWARN(WARN_EXEC))
9014280d 1642 Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_EXEC), "Can't exec \"%s\": %s",
d008e5eb 1643 PL_Argv[0], Strerror(errno));
e446cec8 1644 if (do_report) {
6867be6d 1645 int e = errno;
e446cec8
IZ
1646 PerlLIO_write(fd, (void*)&e, sizeof(int));
1647 PerlLIO_close(fd);
1648 }
d008e5eb 1649 }
a687059c 1650 }
ff8e2863 1651 do_execfree();
2fbb330f 1652 Safefree(cmd);
a687059c
LW
1653 return FALSE;
1654}
1655
6890e559 1656#endif /* OS2 || WIN32 */
760ac839 1657
79072805 1658I32
864dbfa3 1659Perl_apply(pTHX_ I32 type, register SV **mark, register SV **sp)
a687059c 1660{
79072805 1661 register I32 val;
79072805 1662 register I32 tot = 0;
e1ec3a88 1663 const char *what;
5c144d81 1664 const char *s;
890ce7af 1665 SV ** const oldmark = mark;
a687059c 1666
20408e3c 1667#define APPLY_TAINT_PROPER() \
3280af22 1668 STMT_START { \
17406bd6 1669 if (PL_tainted) { TAINT_PROPER(what); } \
873ef191 1670 } STMT_END
20408e3c
GS
1671
1672 /* This is a first heuristic; it doesn't catch tainting magic. */
3280af22 1673 if (PL_tainting) {
463ee0b2 1674 while (++mark <= sp) {
bbce6d69
PP
1675 if (SvTAINTED(*mark)) {
1676 TAINT;
1677 break;
1678 }
463ee0b2
LW
1679 }
1680 mark = oldmark;
1681 }
a687059c 1682 switch (type) {
79072805 1683 case OP_CHMOD:
20408e3c
GS
1684 what = "chmod";
1685 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
79072805 1686 if (++mark <= sp) {
463ee0b2 1687 val = SvIVx(*mark);
20408e3c
GS
1688 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1689 tot = sp - mark;
79072805 1690 while (++mark <= sp) {
c4aca7d0
GA
1691 GV* gv;
1692 if (SvTYPE(*mark) == SVt_PVGV) {
1693 gv = (GV*)*mark;
1694 do_fchmod:
1695 if (GvIO(gv) && IoIFP(GvIOp(gv))) {
1696#ifdef HAS_FCHMOD
1697 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1698 if (fchmod(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(GvIOn(gv))), val))
1699 tot--;
1700#else
b9c6780e 1701 Perl_die(aTHX_ PL_no_func, "fchmod");
c4aca7d0
GA
1702#endif
1703 }
1704 else {
1705 tot--;
1706 }
1707 }
1708 else if (SvROK(*mark) && SvTYPE(SvRV(*mark)) == SVt_PVGV) {
1709 gv = (GV*)SvRV(*mark);
1710 goto do_fchmod;
1711 }
1712 else {
1713 const char *name = SvPV_nolen_const(*mark);
1714 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1715 if (PerlLIO_chmod(name, val))
1716 tot--;
1717 }
a687059c
LW
1718 }
1719 }
1720 break;
fe14fcc3 1721#ifdef HAS_CHOWN
79072805 1722 case OP_CHOWN:
20408e3c
GS
1723 what = "chown";
1724 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
79072805 1725 if (sp - mark > 2) {
6867be6d 1726 register I32 val2;
463ee0b2
LW
1727 val = SvIVx(*++mark);
1728 val2 = SvIVx(*++mark);
20408e3c 1729 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
a0d0e21e 1730 tot = sp - mark;
79072805 1731 while (++mark <= sp) {
c4aca7d0
GA
1732 GV* gv;
1733 if (SvTYPE(*mark) == SVt_PVGV) {
1734 gv = (GV*)*mark;
1735 do_fchown:
1736 if (GvIO(gv) && IoIFP(GvIOp(gv))) {
1737#ifdef HAS_FCHOWN
1738 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1739 if (fchown(PerlIO_fileno(IoIFP(GvIOn(gv))), val, val2))
1740 tot--;
1741#else
b9c6780e 1742 Perl_die(aTHX_ PL_no_func, "fchown");
c4aca7d0
GA
1743#endif
1744 }
1745 else {
1746 tot--;
1747 }
1748 }
1749 else if (SvROK(*mark) && SvTYPE(SvRV(*mark)) == SVt_PVGV) {
1750 gv = (GV*)SvRV(*mark);
1751 goto do_fchown;
1752 }
1753 else {
1754 const char *name = SvPV_nolen_const(*mark);
1755 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1756 if (PerlLIO_chown(name, val, val2))
1757 tot--;
1758 }
a687059c
LW
1759 }
1760 }
1761 break;
b1248f16 1762#endif
a1d180c4 1763/*
dd64f1c3
AD
1764XXX Should we make lchown() directly available from perl?
1765For now, we'll let Configure test for HAS_LCHOWN, but do
1766nothing in the core.
1767 --AD 5/1998
1768*/
fe14fcc3 1769#ifdef HAS_KILL
79072805 1770 case OP_KILL:
20408e3c
GS
1771 what = "kill";
1772 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
55497cff
PP
1773 if (mark == sp)
1774 break;
e62f0680 1775 s = SvPVx_nolen_const(*++mark);
e02bfb16 1776 if (isALPHA(*s)) {
79072805
LW
1777 if (*s == 'S' && s[1] == 'I' && s[2] == 'G')
1778 s += 3;
e02bfb16 1779 if ((val = whichsig(s)) < 0)
cea2e8a9 1780 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Unrecognized signal name \"%s\"",s);
79072805
LW
1781 }
1782 else
463ee0b2 1783 val = SvIVx(*mark);
20408e3c
GS
1784 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1785 tot = sp - mark;
3595fcef
PP
1786#ifdef VMS
1787 /* kill() doesn't do process groups (job trees?) under VMS */
1788 if (val < 0) val = -val;
1789 if (val == SIGKILL) {
1790# include <starlet.h>
1791 /* Use native sys$delprc() to insure that target process is
1792 * deleted; supervisor-mode images don't pay attention to
1793 * CRTL's emulation of Unix-style signals and kill()
1794 */
1795 while (++mark <= sp) {
1796 I32 proc = SvIVx(*mark);
1797 register unsigned long int __vmssts;
20408e3c 1798 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
3595fcef
PP
1799 if (!((__vmssts = sys$delprc(&proc,0)) & 1)) {
1800 tot--;
1801 switch (__vmssts) {
1802 case SS$_NONEXPR:
1803 case SS$_NOSUCHNODE:
1804 SETERRNO(ESRCH,__vmssts);
1805 break;
1806 case SS$_NOPRIV:
1807 SETERRNO(EPERM,__vmssts);
1808 break;
1809 default:
1810 SETERRNO(EVMSERR,__vmssts);
1811 }
1812 }
1813 }
1814 break;
1815 }
1816#endif
79072805
LW
1817 if (val < 0) {
1818 val = -val;
1819 while (++mark <= sp) {
463ee0b2 1820 I32 proc = SvIVx(*mark);
20408e3c 1821 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
fe14fcc3 1822#ifdef HAS_KILLPG
3028581b 1823 if (PerlProc_killpg(proc,val)) /* BSD */
a687059c 1824#else
3028581b 1825 if (PerlProc_kill(-proc,val)) /* SYSV */
a687059c 1826#endif
79072805 1827 tot--;
a687059c 1828 }
79072805
LW
1829 }
1830 else {
1831 while (++mark <= sp) {
20408e3c
GS
1832 I32 proc = SvIVx(*mark);
1833 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
1834 if (PerlProc_kill(proc, val))
79072805 1835 tot--;
a687059c
LW
1836 }
1837 }
1838 break;
b1248f16 1839#endif
79072805 1840 case OP_UNLINK:
20408e3c
GS
1841 what = "unlink";
1842 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
79072805
LW
1843 tot = sp - mark;
1844 while (++mark <= sp) {
e62f0680 1845 s = SvPV_nolen_const(*mark);
20408e3c 1846 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
3280af22 1847 if (PL_euid || PL_unsafe) {
b8ffc8df 1848 if (UNLINK(s))
a687059c
LW
1849 tot--;
1850 }
1851 else { /* don't let root wipe out directories without -U */
3280af22 1852 if (PerlLIO_lstat(s,&PL_statbuf) < 0 || S_ISDIR(PL_statbuf.st_mode))
a687059c
LW
1853 tot--;
1854 else {
b8ffc8df 1855 if (UNLINK(s))
a687059c
LW
1856 tot--;
1857 }
1858 }
1859 }
1860 break;
a0d0e21e 1861#ifdef HAS_UTIME
79072805 1862 case OP_UTIME:
20408e3c
GS
1863 what = "utime";
1864 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
79072805 1865 if (sp - mark > 2) {
748a9306 1866#if defined(I_UTIME) || defined(VMS)
663a0e37 1867 struct utimbuf utbuf;
07409e01 1868 struct utimbuf *utbufp = &utbuf;
663a0e37 1869#else
a687059c 1870 struct {
dd2821f6
GS
1871 Time_t actime;
1872 Time_t modtime;
a687059c 1873 } utbuf;
07409e01 1874 void *utbufp = &utbuf;
663a0e37 1875#endif
a687059c 1876
c6f7b413
RS
1877 SV* accessed = *++mark;
1878 SV* modified = *++mark;
c6f7b413 1879
6ec06612
SB
1880 /* Be like C, and if both times are undefined, let the C
1881 * library figure out what to do. This usually means
1882 * "current time". */
c6f7b413
RS
1883
1884 if ( accessed == &PL_sv_undef && modified == &PL_sv_undef )
6ec06612
SB
1885 utbufp = NULL;
1886 else {
1887 Zero(&utbuf, sizeof utbuf, char);
517844ec 1888#ifdef BIG_TIME
6ec06612
SB
1889 utbuf.actime = (Time_t)SvNVx(accessed); /* time accessed */
1890 utbuf.modtime = (Time_t)SvNVx(modified); /* time modified */
517844ec 1891#else
6ec06612
SB
1892 utbuf.actime = (Time_t)SvIVx(accessed); /* time accessed */
1893 utbuf.modtime = (Time_t)SvIVx(modified); /* time modified */
517844ec 1894#endif
6ec06612 1895 }
4373e329 1896 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
79072805
LW
1897 tot = sp - mark;
1898 while (++mark <= sp) {
d08fa760 1899 char *name = SvPV_nolen(*mark);
20408e3c 1900 APPLY_TAINT_PROPER();
4373e329 1901 if (PerlLIO_utime(name, utbufp))
a687059c
LW
1902 tot--;
1903 }
a687059c
LW
1904 }
1905 else
79072805 1906 tot = 0;
a687059c 1907 break;
a0d0e21e 1908#endif
a687059c
LW
1909 }
1910 return tot;
20408e3c 1911
20408e3c 1912#undef APPLY_TAINT_PROPER
a687059c
LW
1913}
1914
1915/* Do the permissions allow some operation? Assumes statcache already set. */
a0d0e21e 1916#ifndef VMS /* VMS' cando is in vms.c */
7f4774ae 1917bool
4373e329 1918Perl_cando(pTHX_ Mode_t mode, Uid_t effective, register const Stat_t *statbufp)
a0288114 1919/* Note: we use "effective" both for uids and gids.
7f4774ae 1920 * Here we are betting on Uid_t being equal or wider than Gid_t. */
a687059c 1921{
bee1dbe2 1922#ifdef DOSISH
fe14fcc3
LW
1923 /* [Comments and code from Len Reed]
1924 * MS-DOS "user" is similar to UNIX's "superuser," but can't write
1925 * to write-protected files. The execute permission bit is set
1926 * by the Miscrosoft C library stat() function for the following:
1927 * .exe files
1928 * .com files
1929 * .bat files
1930 * directories
1931 * All files and directories are readable.
1932 * Directories and special files, e.g. "CON", cannot be
1933 * write-protected.
1934 * [Comment by Tom Dinger -- a directory can have the write-protect
1935 * bit set in the file system, but DOS permits changes to
1936 * the directory anyway. In addition, all bets are off
1937 * here for networked software, such as Novell and
1938 * Sun's PC-NFS.]
1939 */
1940
bee1dbe2
LW
1941 /* Atari stat() does pretty much the same thing. we set x_bit_set_in_stat
1942 * too so it will actually look into the files for magic numbers
1943 */
7f4774ae 1944 return (mode & statbufp->st_mode) ? TRUE : FALSE;
fe14fcc3 1945
55497cff 1946#else /* ! DOSISH */
3280af22 1947 if ((effective ? PL_euid : PL_uid) == 0) { /* root is special */
7f4774ae 1948 if (mode == S_IXUSR) {
c623bd54 1949 if (statbufp->st_mode & 0111 || S_ISDIR(statbufp->st_mode))
a687059c
LW
1950 return TRUE;
1951 }
1952 else
1953 return TRUE; /* root reads and writes anything */
1954 return FALSE;
1955 }
3280af22 1956 if (statbufp->st_uid == (effective ? PL_euid : PL_uid) ) {
7f4774ae 1957 if (statbufp->st_mode & mode)
a687059c
LW
1958 return TRUE; /* ok as "user" */
1959 }
d8eceb89 1960 else if (ingroup(statbufp->st_gid,effective)) {
7f4774ae 1961 if (statbufp->st_mode & mode >> 3)
a687059c
LW
1962 return TRUE; /* ok as "group" */
1963 }
7f4774ae 1964 else if (statbufp->st_mode & mode >> 6)
a687059c
LW
1965 return TRUE; /* ok as "other" */
1966 return FALSE;
55497cff 1967#endif /* ! DOSISH */
a687059c 1968}
a0d0e21e 1969#endif /* ! VMS */
a687059c 1970
d8eceb89
JH
1971bool
1972Perl_ingroup(pTHX_ Gid_t testgid, Uid_t effective)
a687059c 1973{
cd39f2b6
JH
1974#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
1975 /* This is simply not correct for AppleShare, but fix it yerself. */
1976 return TRUE;
1977#else
3280af22 1978 if (testgid == (effective ? PL_egid : PL_gid))
a687059c 1979 return TRUE;
fe14fcc3 1980#ifdef HAS_GETGROUPS
a687059c
LW
1981#ifndef NGROUPS
1982#define NGROUPS 32
1983#endif
1984 {
a0d0e21e 1985 Groups_t gary[NGROUPS];
79072805 1986 I32 anum;
a687059c
LW
1987
1988 anum = getgroups(NGROUPS,gary);
1989 while (--anum >= 0)
1990 if (gary[anum] == testgid)
1991 return TRUE;
1992 }
1993#endif
1994 return FALSE;
cd39f2b6 1995#endif
a687059c 1996}
c2ab57d4 1997
fe14fcc3 1998#if defined(HAS_MSG) || defined(HAS_SEM) || defined(HAS_SHM)
c2ab57d4 1999
79072805 2000I32
864dbfa3 2001Perl_do_ipcget(pTHX_ I32 optype, SV **mark, SV **sp)
c2ab57d4 2002{
6867be6d
AL
2003 key_t key = (key_t)SvNVx(*++mark);
2004 const I32 n = (optype == OP_MSGGET) ? 0 : SvIVx(*++mark);
2005 const I32 flags = SvIVx(*++mark);
2006 (void)sp;
c2ab57d4 2007
748a9306 2008 SETERRNO(0,0);
c2ab57d4
LW
2009 switch (optype)
2010 {
fe14fcc3 2011#ifdef HAS_MSG
79072805 2012 case OP_MSGGET:
c2ab57d4 2013 return msgget(key, flags);
e5d73d77 2014#endif
fe14fcc3 2015#ifdef HAS_SEM
79072805 2016 case OP_SEMGET:
c2ab57d4 2017 return semget(key, n, flags);
e5d73d77 2018#endif
fe14fcc3 2019#ifdef HAS_SHM
79072805 2020 case OP_SHMGET:
c2ab57d4 2021 return shmget(key, n, flags);
e5d73d77 2022#endif
fe14fcc3 2023#if !defined(HAS_MSG) || !defined(HAS_SEM) || !defined(HAS_SHM)
e5d73d77 2024 default:
cea2e8a9 2025 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s not implemented", PL_op_desc[optype]);
e5d73d77 2026#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2027 }
2028 return -1; /* should never happen */
2029}
2030
79072805 2031I32
864dbfa3 2032Perl_do_ipcctl(pTHX_ I32 optype, SV **mark, SV **sp)
c2ab57d4 2033{
79072805 2034 SV *astr;
c2ab57d4 2035 char *a;
b464bac0
AL
2036 STRLEN infosize;
2037 I32 getinfo;
a0d0e21e 2038 I32 ret = -1;
6867be6d
AL
2039 const I32 id = SvIVx(*++mark);
2040 const I32 n = (optype == OP_SEMCTL) ? SvIVx(*++mark) : 0;
2041 const I32 cmd = SvIVx(*++mark);
890ce7af 2042 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sp);
c2ab57d4 2043
79072805 2044 astr = *++mark;
c2ab57d4
LW
2045 infosize = 0;
2046 getinfo = (cmd == IPC_STAT);
2047
2048 switch (optype)
2049 {
fe14fcc3 2050#ifdef HAS_MSG
79072805 2051 case OP_MSGCTL:
c2ab57d4
LW
2052 if (cmd == IPC_STAT || cmd == IPC_SET)
2053 infosize = sizeof(struct msqid_ds);
2054 break;
e5d73d77 2055#endif
fe14fcc3 2056#ifdef HAS_SHM
79072805 2057 case OP_SHMCTL:
c2ab57d4
LW
2058 if (cmd == IPC_STAT || cmd == IPC_SET)
2059 infosize = sizeof(struct shmid_ds);
2060 break;
e5d73d77 2061#endif
fe14fcc3 2062#ifdef HAS_SEM
79072805 2063 case OP_SEMCTL:
39398f3f 2064#ifdef Semctl
c2ab57d4
LW
2065 if (cmd == IPC_STAT || cmd == IPC_SET)
2066 infosize = sizeof(struct semid_ds);
2067 else if (cmd == GETALL || cmd == SETALL)
2068 {
8e591e46 2069 struct semid_ds semds;
bd89102f 2070 union semun semun;
e6f0bdd6
GS
2071#ifdef EXTRA_F_IN_SEMUN_BUF
2072 semun.buff = &semds;
2073#else
84902520 2074 semun.buf = &semds;
e6f0bdd6 2075#endif
c2ab57d4 2076 getinfo = (cmd == GETALL);
9b89d93d
GB
2077 if (Semctl(id, 0, IPC_STAT, semun) == -1)
2078 return -1;
6e21c824
LW
2079 infosize = semds.sem_nsems * sizeof(short);
2080 /* "short" is technically wrong but much more portable
2081 than guessing about u_?short(_t)? */
c2ab57d4 2082 }
39398f3f 2083#else
cea2e8a9 2084 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s not implemented", PL_op_desc[optype]);
39398f3f 2085#endif
c2ab57d4 2086 break;
e5d73d77 2087#endif
fe14fcc3 2088#if !defined(HAS_MSG) || !defined(HAS_SEM) || !defined(HAS_SHM)
e5d73d77 2089 default:
cea2e8a9 2090 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s not implemented", PL_op_desc[optype]);
e5d73d77 2091#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2092 }
2093
2094 if (infosize)
2095 {
2096 if (getinfo)
2097 {
93524f2b 2098 SvPV_force_nolen(astr);
a0d0e21e 2099 a = SvGROW(astr, infosize+1);
c2ab57d4
LW
2100 }
2101 else
2102 {
93524f2b 2103 STRLEN len;
463ee0b2
LW
2104 a = SvPV(astr, len);
2105 if (len != infosize)
cea2e8a9 2106 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Bad arg length for %s, is %lu, should be %ld",
4ec43091
JH
2107 PL_op_desc[optype],
2108 (unsigned long)len,
2109 (long)infosize);
c2ab57d4
LW
2110 }
2111 }
2112 else
2113 {
c030ccd9 2114 IV i = SvIV(astr);
56431972 2115 a = INT2PTR(char *,i); /* ouch */
c2ab57d4 2116 }
748a9306 2117 SETERRNO(0,0);
c2ab57d4
LW
2118 switch (optype)
2119 {
fe14fcc3 2120#ifdef HAS_MSG
79072805 2121 case OP_MSGCTL:
bee1dbe2 2122 ret = msgctl(id, cmd, (struct msqid_ds *)a);
c2ab57d4 2123 break;
e5d73d77 2124#endif
fe14fcc3 2125#ifdef HAS_SEM
bd89102f 2126 case OP_SEMCTL: {
39398f3f 2127#ifdef Semctl
bd89102f
AD
2128 union semun unsemds;
2129
e6f0bdd6
GS
2130#ifdef EXTRA_F_IN_SEMUN_BUF
2131 unsemds.buff = (struct semid_ds *)a;
2132#else
bd89102f 2133 unsemds.buf = (struct semid_ds *)a;
e6f0bdd6 2134#endif
bd89102f 2135 ret = Semctl(id, n, cmd, unsemds);
39398f3f 2136#else
cea2e8a9 2137 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "%s not implemented", PL_op_desc[optype]);
39398f3f 2138#endif
bd89102f 2139 }
c2ab57d4 2140 break;
e5d73d77 2141#endif
fe14fcc3 2142#ifdef HAS_SHM
79072805 2143 case OP_SHMCTL:
bee1dbe2 2144 ret = shmctl(id, cmd, (struct shmid_ds *)a);
c2ab57d4 2145 break;
e5d73d77 2146#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2147 }
2148 if (getinfo && ret >= 0) {
79072805
LW
2149 SvCUR_set(astr, infosize);
2150 *SvEND(astr) = '\0';
a0d0e21e 2151 SvSETMAGIC(astr);
c2ab57d4
LW
2152 }
2153 return ret;
2154}
2155
79072805 2156I32
864dbfa3 2157Perl_do_msgsnd(pTHX_ SV **mark, SV **sp)
c2ab57d4 2158{
fe14fcc3 2159#ifdef HAS_MSG
79072805 2160 SV *mstr;
93524f2b 2161 const char *mbuf;
6867be6d 2162 I32 msize, flags;
463ee0b2 2163 STRLEN len;
6867be6d 2164 const I32 id = SvIVx(*++mark);
890ce7af 2165 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sp);
c2ab57d4 2166
79072805 2167 mstr = *++mark;
463ee0b2 2168 flags = SvIVx(*++mark);
93524f2b 2169 mbuf = SvPV_const(mstr, len);
463ee0b2 2170 if ((msize = len - sizeof(long)) < 0)
cea2e8a9 2171 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "Arg too short for msgsnd");
748a9306 2172 SETERRNO(0,0);
bee1dbe2 2173 return msgsnd(id, (struct msgbuf *)mbuf, msize, flags);
e5d73d77 2174#else
cea2e8a9 2175 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "msgsnd not implemented");
e5d73d77 2176#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2177}
2178
79072805 2179I32
864dbfa3 2180Perl_do_msgrcv(pTHX_ SV **mark, SV **sp)
c2ab57d4 2181{
fe14fcc3 2182#ifdef HAS_MSG
79072805 2183 SV *mstr;
c2ab57d4
LW
2184 char *mbuf;
2185 long mtype;
6867be6d 2186 I32 msize, flags, ret;
6867be6d 2187 const I32 id = SvIVx(*++mark);
890ce7af 2188 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sp);
79072805 2189
79072805 2190 mstr = *++mark;
c2e66d9e
GS
2191 /* suppress warning when reading into undef var --jhi */
2192 if (! SvOK(mstr))
2193 sv_setpvn(mstr, "", 0);
463ee0b2
LW
2194 msize = SvIVx(*++mark);
2195 mtype = (long)SvIVx(*++mark);
2196 flags = SvIVx(*++mark);
93524f2b 2197 SvPV_force_nolen(mstr);
a0d0e21e 2198 mbuf = SvGROW(mstr, sizeof(long)+msize+1);
a1d180c4 2199
748a9306 2200 SETERRNO(0,0);
bee1dbe2 2201 ret = msgrcv(id, (struct msgbuf *)mbuf, msize, mtype, flags);
c2ab57d4 2202 if (ret >= 0) {
79072805
LW
2203 SvCUR_set(mstr, sizeof(long)+ret);
2204 *SvEND(mstr) = '\0';
41d6edb2
JH
2205#ifndef INCOMPLETE_TAINTS
2206 /* who knows who has been playing with this message? */
2207 SvTAINTED_on(mstr);
2208#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2209 }
2210 return ret;
e5d73d77 2211#else
cea2e8a9 2212 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "msgrcv not implemented");
e5d73d77 2213#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2214}
2215
79072805 2216I32
864dbfa3 2217Perl_do_semop(pTHX_ SV **mark, SV **sp)
c2ab57d4 2218{
fe14fcc3 2219#ifdef HAS_SEM
79072805 2220 SV *opstr;
93524f2b 2221 const char *opbuf;
463ee0b2 2222 STRLEN opsize;
6867be6d 2223 const I32 id = SvIVx(*++mark);
890ce7af 2224 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sp);
c2ab57d4 2225
79072805 2226 opstr = *++mark;
93524f2b 2227 opbuf = SvPV_const(opstr, opsize);
248ff010
NC
2228 if (opsize < 3 * SHORTSIZE
2229 || (opsize % (3 * SHORTSIZE))) {
93189314 2230 SETERRNO(EINVAL,LIB_INVARG);
c2ab57d4
LW
2231 return -1;
2232 }
748a9306 2233 SETERRNO(0,0);
248ff010
NC
2234 /* We can't assume that sizeof(struct sembuf) == 3 * sizeof(short). */
2235 {
6867be6d 2236 const int nsops = opsize / (3 * sizeof (short));
248ff010
NC
2237 int i = nsops;
2238 short *ops = (short *) opbuf;
2239 short *o = ops;
2240 struct sembuf *temps, *t;
2241 I32 result;
2242
a02a5408 2243 Newx (temps, nsops, struct sembuf);
248ff010
NC
2244 t = temps;
2245 while (i--) {
2246 t->sem_num = *o++;
2247 t->sem_op = *o++;
2248 t->sem_flg = *o++;
2249 t++;
2250 }
2251 result = semop(id, temps, nsops);
2252 t = temps;
2253 o = ops;
2254 i = nsops;
2255 while (i--) {
2256 *o++ = t->sem_num;
2257 *o++ = t->sem_op;
2258 *o++ = t->sem_flg;
2259 t++;
2260 }
2261 Safefree(temps);
2262 return result;
2263 }
e5d73d77 2264#else
cea2e8a9 2265 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "semop not implemented");
e5d73d77 2266#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2267}
2268
79072805 2269I32
864dbfa3 2270Perl_do_shmio(pTHX_ I32 optype, SV **mark, SV **sp)
c2ab57d4 2271{
fe14fcc3 2272#ifdef HAS_SHM
79072805 2273 SV *mstr;
4373e329 2274 char *shm;
6867be6d 2275 I32 mpos, msize;
c2ab57d4 2276 struct shmid_ds shmds;
6867be6d 2277 const I32 id = SvIVx(*++mark);
890ce7af 2278 PERL_UNUSED_ARG(sp);
c2ab57d4 2279
79072805 2280 mstr = *++mark;
463ee0b2
LW
2281 mpos = SvIVx(*++mark);
2282 msize = SvIVx(*++mark);
748a9306 2283 SETERRNO(0,0);
c2ab57d4
LW
2284 if (shmctl(id, IPC_STAT, &shmds) == -1)
2285 return -1;
2286 if (mpos < 0 || msize < 0 || mpos + msize > shmds.shm_segsz) {
93189314 2287 SETERRNO(EFAULT,SS_ACCVIO); /* can't do as caller requested */
c2ab57d4
LW
2288 return -1;
2289 }
8ac85365 2290 shm = (char *)shmat(id, (char*)NULL, (optype == OP_SHMREAD) ? SHM_RDONLY : 0);
c2ab57d4
LW
2291 if (shm == (char *)-1) /* I hate System V IPC, I really do */
2292 return -1;
79072805 2293 if (optype == OP_SHMREAD) {
4373e329 2294 const char *mbuf;
9f538c04
GS
2295 /* suppress warning when reading into undef var (tchrist 3/Mar/00) */
2296 if (! SvOK(mstr))
2297 sv_setpvn(mstr, "", 0);
93524f2b 2298 SvPV_force_nolen(mstr);
a0d0e21e
LW
2299 mbuf = SvGROW(mstr, msize+1);
2300
bee1dbe2 2301 Copy(shm + mpos, mbuf, msize, char);
79072805
LW
2302 SvCUR_set(mstr, msize);
2303 *SvEND(mstr) = '\0';
a0d0e21e 2304 SvSETMAGIC(mstr);
d929ce6f
JH
2305#ifndef INCOMPLETE_TAINTS
2306 /* who knows who has been playing with this shared memory? */
2307 SvTAINTED_on(mstr);
2308#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2309 }
2310 else {
79072805 2311 I32 n;
93524f2b 2312 STRLEN len;
c2ab57d4 2313
93524f2b 2314 const char *mbuf = SvPV_const(mstr, len);
463ee0b2 2315 if ((n = len) > msize)
c2ab57d4 2316 n = msize;
bee1dbe2 2317 Copy(mbuf, shm + mpos, n, char);
c2ab57d4 2318 if (n < msize)
bee1dbe2 2319 memzero(shm + mpos + n, msize - n);
c2ab57d4
LW
2320 }
2321 return shmdt(shm);
e5d73d77 2322#else
cea2e8a9 2323 Perl_croak(aTHX_ "shm I/O not implemented");
e5d73d77 2324#endif
c2ab57d4
LW
2325}
2326
fe14fcc3 2327#endif /* SYSV IPC */
4e35701f 2328
0d44d22b 2329/*
ccfc67b7
JH
2330=head1 IO Functions
2331
0d44d22b
NC
2332=for apidoc start_glob
2333
2334Function called by C<do_readline> to spawn a glob (or do the glob inside
2335perl on VMS). This code used to be inline, but now perl uses C<File::Glob>
210b36aa 2336this glob starter is only used by miniperl during the build process.
0d44d22b 2337Moving it away shrinks pp_hot.c; shrinking pp_hot.c helps speed perl up.
fab3f3a7 2338
0d44d22b
NC
2339=cut
2340*/
2341
2342PerlIO *
2343Perl_start_glob (pTHX_ SV *tmpglob, IO *io)
2344{
27da23d5 2345 dVAR;
2d03de9c 2346 SV * const tmpcmd = NEWSV(55, 0);
0d44d22b
NC
2347 PerlIO *fp;
2348 ENTER;
2349 SAVEFREESV(tmpcmd);
2350#ifdef VMS /* expand the wildcards right here, rather than opening a pipe, */
2351 /* since spawning off a process is a real performance hit */
2352 {
2353#include <descrip.h>
2354#include <lib$routines.h>
2355#include <nam.h>
2356#include <rmsdef.h>
2357 char rslt[NAM$C_MAXRSS+1+sizeof(unsigned short int)] = {'\0','\0'};
2358 char vmsspec[NAM$C_MAXRSS+1];
890ce7af
AL
2359 char * const rstr = rslt + sizeof(unsigned short int);
2360 char *begin, *end, *cp;
0d44d22b
NC
2361 $DESCRIPTOR(dfltdsc,"SYS$DISK:[]*.*;");
2362 PerlIO *tmpfp;
2363 STRLEN i;
2364 struct dsc$descriptor_s wilddsc
2365 = {0, DSC$K_DTYPE_T, DSC$K_CLASS_S, 0};
2366 struct dsc$descriptor_vs rsdsc
2367 = {sizeof rslt, DSC$K_DTYPE_VT, DSC$K_CLASS_VS, rslt};
2368 unsigned long int cxt = 0, sts = 0, ok = 1, hasdir = 0, hasver = 0, isunix = 0;
2369
2370 /* We could find out if there's an explicit dev/dir or version
2371 by peeking into lib$find_file's internal context at
2372 ((struct NAM *)((struct FAB *)cxt)->fab$l_nam)->nam$l_fnb
2373 but that's unsupported, so I don't want to do it now and
2374 have it bite someone in the future. */
0d44d22b
NC
2375 cp = SvPV(tmpglob,i);
2376 for (; i; i--) {
2377 if (cp[i] == ';') hasver = 1;
2378 if (cp[i] == '.') {
2379 if (sts) hasver = 1;
2380 else sts = 1;
2381 }
2382 if (cp[i] == '/') {
2383 hasdir = isunix = 1;
2384 break;
2385 }
2386 if (cp[i] == ']' || cp[i] == '>' || cp[i] == ':') {
2387 hasdir = 1;
2388 break;
2389 }
2390 }
a15cef0c 2391 if ((tmpfp = PerlIO_tmpfile()) != NULL) {
0d44d22b 2392 Stat_t st;
95a20fc0 2393 if (!PerlLIO_stat(SvPVX_const(tmpglob),&st) && S_ISDIR(st.st_mode))
94a11853
CB
2394 ok = ((wilddsc.dsc$a_pointer = tovmspath(SvPVX(tmpglob),vmsspec)) != NULL);
2395 else ok = ((wilddsc.dsc$a_pointer = tovmsspec(SvPVX(tmpglob),vmsspec)) != NULL);
0d44d22b 2396 if (ok) wilddsc.dsc$w_length = (unsigned short int) strlen(wilddsc.dsc$a_pointer);
a3987cb8
JH
2397 for (cp=wilddsc.dsc$a_pointer; ok && cp && *cp; cp++)
2398 if (*cp == '?') *cp = '%'; /* VMS style single-char wildcard */
0d44d22b
NC
2399 while (ok && ((sts = lib$find_file(&wilddsc,&rsdsc,&cxt,
2400 &dfltdsc,NULL,NULL,NULL))&1)) {
3ce6b0cb
CB
2401 /* with varying string, 1st word of buffer contains result length */
2402 end = rstr + *((unsigned short int*)rslt);
2403 if (!hasver) while (*end != ';' && end > rstr) end--;
0d44d22b
NC
2404 *(end++) = '\n'; *end = '\0';
2405 for (cp = rstr; *cp; cp++) *cp = _tolower(*cp);
2406 if (hasdir) {
2407 if (isunix) trim_unixpath(rstr,SvPVX(tmpglob),1);
2408 begin = rstr;
2409 }
2410 else {
2411 begin = end;
2412 while (*(--begin) != ']' && *begin != '>') ;
2413 ++begin;
2414 }
2415 ok = (PerlIO_puts(tmpfp,begin) != EOF);
2416 }
2417 if (cxt) (void)lib$find_file_end(&cxt);
2418 if (ok && sts != RMS$_NMF &&
93189314 2419 sts != RMS$_DNF && sts != RMS_FNF) ok = 0;
0d44d22b
NC
2420 if (!ok) {
2421 if (!(sts & 1)) {
2422 SETERRNO((sts == RMS$_SYN ? EINVAL : EVMSERR),sts);
2423 }
2424 PerlIO_close(tmpfp);
2425 fp = NULL;
2426 }
2427 else {
2428 PerlIO_rewind(tmpfp);
2429 IoTYPE(io) = IoTYPE_RDONLY;
2430 IoIFP(io) = fp = tmpfp;
2431 IoFLAGS(io) &= ~IOf_UNTAINT; /* maybe redundant */
2432 }
2433 }
2434 }
2435#else /* !VMS */
2436#ifdef MACOS_TRADITIONAL
2437 sv_setpv(tmpcmd, "glob ");
2438 sv_catsv(tmpcmd, tmpglob);
2439 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, " |");
2440#else
2441#ifdef DOSISH
2442#ifdef OS2
2443 sv_setpv(tmpcmd, "for a in ");
2444 sv_catsv(tmpcmd, tmpglob);
2445 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, "; do echo \"$a\\0\\c\"; done |");
2446#else
2447#ifdef DJGPP
2448 sv_setpv(tmpcmd, "/dev/dosglob/"); /* File System Extension */
2449 sv_catsv(tmpcmd, tmpglob);
2450#else
2451 sv_setpv(tmpcmd, "perlglob ");
2452 sv_catsv(tmpcmd, tmpglob);
2453 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, " |");
2454#endif /* !DJGPP */
2455#endif /* !OS2 */
2456#else /* !DOSISH */
2457#if defined(CSH)
2458 sv_setpvn(tmpcmd, PL_cshname, PL_cshlen);
2459 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, " -cf 'set nonomatch; glob ");
2460 sv_catsv(tmpcmd, tmpglob);
2461 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, "' 2>/dev/null |");
2462#else
2463 sv_setpv(tmpcmd, "echo ");
2464 sv_catsv(tmpcmd, tmpglob);
2465#if 'z' - 'a' == 25
2466 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, "|tr -s ' \t\f\r' '\\012\\012\\012\\012'|");
2467#else
2468 sv_catpv(tmpcmd, "|tr -s ' \t\f\r' '\\n\\n\\n\\n'|");
2469#endif
2470#endif /* !CSH */
2471#endif /* !DOSISH */
2472#endif /* MACOS_TRADITIONAL */
93524f2b 2473 (void)do_open(PL_last_in_gv, (char*)SvPVX_const(tmpcmd), SvCUR(tmpcmd),
0d44d22b
NC
2474 FALSE, O_RDONLY, 0, Nullfp);
2475 fp = IoIFP(io);
2476#endif /* !VMS */
2477 LEAVE;
2478 return fp;
2479}
66610fdd
RGS
2480
2481/*
2482 * Local variables:
2483 * c-indentation-style: bsd
2484 * c-basic-offset: 4
2485 * indent-tabs-mode: t
2486 * End:
2487 *
37442d52
RGS
2488 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 noet:
2489 */