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a0d0e21e 1/* handy.h
a687059c 2 *
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3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000,
4 * 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
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6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
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9 */
10
85e6fe83 11#if !defined(__STDC__)
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12#ifdef NULL
13#undef NULL
14#endif
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15#ifndef I286
16# define NULL 0
17#else
18# define NULL 0L
19#endif
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20#endif
21
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22#ifndef PERL_CORE
23# define Null(type) ((type)NULL)
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24
25/*
ccfc67b7 26=head1 Handy Values
954c1994 27
3609ea0d 28=for apidoc AmU||Nullch
24792b8d 29Null character pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
2307c6d0 30
954c1994 31=for apidoc AmU||Nullsv
24792b8d 32Null SV pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
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33
34=cut
35*/
36
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37# define Nullch Null(char*)
38# define Nullfp Null(PerlIO*)
39# define Nullsv Null(SV*)
40#endif
8d063cd8 41
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42#ifdef TRUE
43#undef TRUE
44#endif
45#ifdef FALSE
46#undef FALSE
47#endif
48#define TRUE (1)
49#define FALSE (0)
50
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51/* The MUTABLE_*() macros cast pointers to the types shown, in such a way
52 * (compiler permitting) that casting away const-ness will give a warning;
53 * e.g.:
54 *
55 * const SV *sv = ...;
56 * AV *av1 = (AV*)sv; <== BAD: the const has been silently cast away
57 * AV *av2 = MUTABLE_AV(sv); <== GOOD: it may warn
58 */
59
b1bc3f34 60#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN)
f065df04 61# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ({ void *_p = (p); _p; })
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62#else
63# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ((void *) (p))
64#endif
65
a062e10d 66#define MUTABLE_AV(p) ((AV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
ea726b52 67#define MUTABLE_CV(p) ((CV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
159b6efe 68#define MUTABLE_GV(p) ((GV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
dbebbdb4 69#define MUTABLE_HV(p) ((HV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
a45c7426 70#define MUTABLE_IO(p) ((IO *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
b1bc3f34 71#define MUTABLE_SV(p) ((SV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
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72
73/* XXX Configure ought to have a test for a boolean type, if I can
74 just figure out all the headers such a test needs.
75 Andy Dougherty August 1996
76*/
8e84507e 77/* bool is built-in for g++-2.6.3 and later, which might be used
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78 for extensions. <_G_config.h> defines _G_HAVE_BOOL, but we can't
79 be sure _G_config.h will be included before this file. _G_config.h
8e84507e 80 also defines _G_HAVE_BOOL for both gcc and g++, but only g++
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81 actually has bool. Hence, _G_HAVE_BOOL is pretty useless for us.
82 g++ can be identified by __GNUG__.
83 Andy Dougherty February 2000
5d94fbed 84*/
3609ea0d 85#ifdef __GNUG__ /* GNU g++ has bool built-in */
5d94fbed 86# ifndef HAS_BOOL
c1d22f6b 87# define HAS_BOOL 1
5d94fbed 88# endif
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89#endif
90
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91/* The NeXT dynamic loader headers will not build with the bool macro
92 So declare them now to clear confusion.
93*/
8f1f23e8 94#if defined(NeXT) || defined(__NeXT__)
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95# undef FALSE
96# undef TRUE
97 typedef enum bool { FALSE = 0, TRUE = 1 } bool;
98# define ENUM_BOOL 1
99# ifndef HAS_BOOL
100# define HAS_BOOL 1
101# endif /* !HAS_BOOL */
8f1f23e8 102#endif /* NeXT || __NeXT__ */
641d3f0b 103
5d94fbed 104#ifndef HAS_BOOL
61bb5906 105# if defined(UTS) || defined(VMS)
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106# define bool int
107# else
108# define bool char
109# endif
c1d22f6b 110# define HAS_BOOL 1
a687059c 111#endif
0d3e774c 112
46c6c7e2 113/* Try to figure out __func__ or __FUNCTION__ equivalent, if any.
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114 * XXX Should really be a Configure probe, with HAS__FUNCTION__
115 * and FUNCTION__ as results.
116 * XXX Similarly, a Configure probe for __FILE__ and __LINE__ is needed. */
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117#if (defined(__STDC_VERSION__) && __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L) || (defined(__SUNPRO_C)) /* C99 or close enough. */
118# define FUNCTION__ __func__
119#else
120# if (defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER < 1300) || /* Pre-MSVC 7.0 has neither __func__ nor __FUNCTION and no good workarounds, either. */ \
be73ebb0 121 (defined(__DECC_VER)) /* Tru64 or VMS, and strict C89 being used, but not modern enough cc (in Tur64, -c99 not known, only -std1). */
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122# define FUNCTION__ ""
123# else
124# define FUNCTION__ __FUNCTION__ /* Common extension. */
125# endif
126#endif
127
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128/* XXX A note on the perl source internal type system. The
129 original intent was that I32 be *exactly* 32 bits.
130
131 Currently, we only guarantee that I32 is *at least* 32 bits.
132 Specifically, if int is 64 bits, then so is I32. (This is the case
133 for the Cray.) This has the advantage of meshing nicely with
134 standard library calls (where we pass an I32 and the library is
135 expecting an int), but the disadvantage that an I32 is not 32 bits.
136 Andy Dougherty August 1996
24fef2a7 137
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138 There is no guarantee that there is *any* integral type with
139 exactly 32 bits. It is perfectly legal for a system to have
140 sizeof(short) == sizeof(int) == sizeof(long) == 8.
693762b4 141
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142 Similarly, there is no guarantee that I16 and U16 have exactly 16
143 bits.
693762b4 144
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145 For dealing with issues that may arise from various 32/64-bit
146 systems, we will ask Configure to check out
8175356b 147
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148 SHORTSIZE == sizeof(short)
149 INTSIZE == sizeof(int)
150 LONGSIZE == sizeof(long)
dc45a647 151 LONGLONGSIZE == sizeof(long long) (if HAS_LONG_LONG)
3609ea0d 152 PTRSIZE == sizeof(void *)
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153 DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(double)
154 LONG_DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(long double) (if HAS_LONG_DOUBLE).
8175356b 155
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156*/
157
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158#ifdef I_INTTYPES /* e.g. Linux has int64_t without <inttypes.h> */
159# include <inttypes.h>
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160# ifdef INT32_MIN_BROKEN
161# undef INT32_MIN
162# define INT32_MIN (-2147483647-1)
163# endif
164# ifdef INT64_MIN_BROKEN
165# undef INT64_MIN
166# define INT64_MIN (-9223372036854775807LL-1)
167# endif
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168#endif
169
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170typedef I8TYPE I8;
171typedef U8TYPE U8;
172typedef I16TYPE I16;
173typedef U16TYPE U16;
174typedef I32TYPE I32;
175typedef U32TYPE U32;
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176#ifdef PERL_CORE
177# ifdef HAS_QUAD
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178typedef I64TYPE I64;
179typedef U64TYPE U64;
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180# endif
181#endif /* PERL_CORE */
8175356b 182
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183#if defined(HAS_QUAD) && defined(USE_64_BIT_INT)
184# ifndef UINT64_C /* usually from <inttypes.h> */
185# if defined(HAS_LONG_LONG) && QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG_LONG
186# define INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,LL)
187# define UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,ULL)
188# else
189# if LONGSIZE == 8 && QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG
190# define INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,L)
191# define UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UL)
192# else
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193# if defined(_WIN64) && defined(_MSC_VER)
194# define INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,I64)
195# define UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UI64)
196# else
197# define INT64_C(c) ((I64TYPE)(c))
198# define UINT64_C(c) ((U64TYPE)(c))
199# endif
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200# endif
201# endif
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202# endif
203#endif
dc750f2e 204
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205/* HMB H.Merijn Brand - a placeholder for preparing Configure patches:
206 *
207 * USE_DTRACE HAS_PSEUDOFORK HAS_TIMEGM LOCALTIME_R_NEEDS_TZSET
208 * GMTIME_MAX GMTIME_MIN LOCALTIME_MAX LOCALTIME_MIN
209 * HAS_CTIME64 HAS_LOCALTIME64 HAS_GMTIME64 HAS_DIFFTIME64
210 * HAS_MKTIME64 HAS_ASCTIME64 HAS_GETADDRINFO HAS_GETNAMEINFO
d03b3b00 211 * HAS_INETNTOP HAS_INETPTON CHARBITS
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212 * Not (yet) used at top level, but mention them for metaconfig
213 */
e8c95190 214
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215/* Mention I8SIZE, U8SIZE, I16SIZE, U16SIZE, I32SIZE, U32SIZE,
216 I64SIZE, and U64SIZE here so that metaconfig pulls them in. */
217
d8668976 218#if defined(UINT8_MAX) && defined(INT16_MAX) && defined(INT32_MAX)
5ff3f7a4 219
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220/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
221 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
222#define U8_MAX UINT8_MAX
223#define U8_MIN UINT8_MIN
224
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225#define I16_MAX INT16_MAX
226#define I16_MIN INT16_MIN
227#define U16_MAX UINT16_MAX
228#define U16_MIN UINT16_MIN
229
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230#define I32_MAX INT32_MAX
231#define I32_MIN INT32_MIN
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232#ifndef UINT32_MAX_BROKEN /* e.g. HP-UX with gcc messes this up */
233# define U32_MAX UINT32_MAX
234#else
235# define U32_MAX 4294967295U
236#endif
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237#define U32_MIN UINT32_MIN
238
239#else
240
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241/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
242 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
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243#define U8_MAX PERL_UCHAR_MAX
244#define U8_MIN PERL_UCHAR_MIN
79072805 245
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246#define I16_MAX PERL_SHORT_MAX
247#define I16_MIN PERL_SHORT_MIN
248#define U16_MAX PERL_USHORT_MAX
249#define U16_MIN PERL_USHORT_MIN
79072805 250
c4f23d77 251#if LONGSIZE > 4
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252# define I32_MAX PERL_INT_MAX
253# define I32_MIN PERL_INT_MIN
254# define U32_MAX PERL_UINT_MAX
255# define U32_MIN PERL_UINT_MIN
79072805 256#else
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257# define I32_MAX PERL_LONG_MAX
258# define I32_MIN PERL_LONG_MIN
259# define U32_MAX PERL_ULONG_MAX
260# define U32_MIN PERL_ULONG_MIN
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261#endif
262
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263#endif
264
58a9a5d5 265/* log(2) is pretty close to 0.30103, just in case anyone is grepping for it */
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266#define BIT_DIGITS(N) (((N)*146)/485 + 1) /* log2(10) =~ 146/485 */
267#define TYPE_DIGITS(T) BIT_DIGITS(sizeof(T) * 8)
268#define TYPE_CHARS(T) (TYPE_DIGITS(T) + 2) /* sign, NUL */
269
ff68c719 270#define Ctl(ch) ((ch) & 037)
8d063cd8 271
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272/*
273=head1 SV-Body Allocation
274
275=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs|const char* s
276Like C<newSVpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
277
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278=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_flags|const char* s|U32 flags
279Like C<newSVpvn_flags>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length
280pair.
281
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282=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_share|const char* s
283Like C<newSVpvn_share>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length
284pair and omits the hash parameter.
285
7b4e7469 286=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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MHM
287Like C<sv_catpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
288
7b4e7469 289=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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290Like C<sv_setpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
291
292=head1 Memory Management
293
294=for apidoc Ama|char*|savepvs|const char* s
295Like C<savepvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
296
297=head1 GV Functions
298
299=for apidoc Am|HV*|gv_stashpvs|const char* name|I32 create
300Like C<gv_stashpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
301
302=head1 Hash Manipulation Functions
303
304=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_fetchs|HV* tb|const char* key|I32 lval
305Like C<hv_fetch>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
306
307=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_stores|HV* tb|const char* key|NULLOK SV* val
308Like C<hv_store>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair
309and omits the hash parameter.
310
311=cut
312*/
313
65177ae0 314/* concatenating with "" ensures that only literal strings are accepted as argument */
26bfd924 315#define STR_WITH_LEN(s) ("" s ""), (sizeof(s)-1)
2efa8cc7 316
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317/* note that STR_WITH_LEN() can't be used as argument to macros or functions that
318 * under some configurations might be macros, which means that it requires the full
319 * Perl_xxx(aTHX_ ...) form for any API calls where it's used.
320 */
321
322/* STR_WITH_LEN() shortcuts */
323#define newSVpvs(str) Perl_newSVpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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324#define newSVpvs_flags(str,flags) \
325 Perl_newSVpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
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326#define newSVpvs_share(str) Perl_newSVpvn_share(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
327#define sv_catpvs(sv, str) Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC)
3fe05580 328#define sv_setpvs(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
ba3a79e7
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329#define savepvs(str) Perl_savepvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
330#define gv_stashpvs(str, create) Perl_gv_stashpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), create)
5c1737d1 331#define gv_fetchpvs(namebeg, add, sv_type) Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(namebeg), add, sv_type)
a038e571
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332#define hv_fetchs(hv,key,lval) \
333 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
334 (lval) ? (HV_FETCH_JUST_SV | HV_FETCH_LVALUE) \
335 : HV_FETCH_JUST_SV, NULL, 0))
336
337#define hv_stores(hv,key,val) \
338 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
339 (HV_FETCH_ISSTORE|HV_FETCH_JUST_SV), (val), 0))
ba3a79e7 340
b96d8cd9
NC
341#define get_cvs(str, flags) \
342 Perl_get_cvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), (flags))
5c1737d1 343
954c1994 344/*
ccfc67b7
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345=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
346
954c1994
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347=for apidoc Am|bool|strNE|char* s1|char* s2
348Test two strings to see if they are different. Returns true or
349false.
350
351=for apidoc Am|bool|strEQ|char* s1|char* s2
352Test two strings to see if they are equal. Returns true or false.
353
354=for apidoc Am|bool|strLT|char* s1|char* s2
355Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than the second,
356C<s2>. Returns true or false.
357
358=for apidoc Am|bool|strLE|char* s1|char* s2
359Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than or equal to the
360second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
361
362=for apidoc Am|bool|strGT|char* s1|char* s2
363Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than the second,
364C<s2>. Returns true or false.
365
366=for apidoc Am|bool|strGE|char* s1|char* s2
367Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than or equal to
368the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
369
370=for apidoc Am|bool|strnNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
371Test two strings to see if they are different. The C<len> parameter
372indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
373wrapper for C<strncmp>).
374
375=for apidoc Am|bool|strnEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
376Test two strings to see if they are equal. The C<len> parameter indicates
377the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A wrapper for
378C<strncmp>).
379
380=cut
381*/
382
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383#define strNE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2))
384#define strEQ(s1,s2) (!strcmp(s1,s2))
385#define strLT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) < 0)
386#define strLE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) <= 0)
387#define strGT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) > 0)
388#define strGE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) >= 0)
389#define strnNE(s1,s2,l) (strncmp(s1,s2,l))
390#define strnEQ(s1,s2,l) (!strncmp(s1,s2,l))
378cc40b 391
36477c24
PP
392#ifdef HAS_MEMCMP
393# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l))
394# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!memcmp(s1,s2,l))
395#else
396# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (bcmp(s1,s2,l))
397# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!bcmp(s1,s2,l))
398#endif
399
568a785a
NC
400#define memEQs(s1, l, s2) \
401 (sizeof(s2)-1 == l && memEQ(s1, (s2 ""), (sizeof(s2)-1)))
402#define memNEs(s1, l, s2) !memEQs(s1, l, s2)
403
bbce6d69
PP
404/*
405 * Character classes.
406 *
407 * Unfortunately, the introduction of locales means that we
408 * can't trust isupper(), etc. to tell the truth. And when
409 * it comes to /\w+/ with tainting enabled, we *must* be able
410 * to trust our character classes.
411 *
412 * Therefore, the default tests in the text of Perl will be
413 * independent of locale. Any code that wants to depend on
414 * the current locale will use the tests that begin with "lc".
415 */
416
2304df62
AD
417#ifdef HAS_SETLOCALE /* XXX Is there a better test for this? */
418# ifndef CTYPE256
419# define CTYPE256
420# endif
421#endif
422
954c1994 423/*
ccfc67b7
JH
424
425=head1 Character classes
426
954c1994 427=for apidoc Am|bool|isALNUM|char ch
2bbc8d55
SP
428Returns a boolean indicating whether the C C<char> is a US-ASCII (Basic Latin)
429alphanumeric character (including underscore) or digit.
954c1994
GS
430
431=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHA|char ch
00f254e2 432Returns a boolean indicating whether the C C<char> is a US-ASCII (Basic Latin)
2bbc8d55 433alphabetic character.
954c1994
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434
435=for apidoc Am|bool|isSPACE|char ch
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436Returns a boolean indicating whether the C C<char> is a US-ASCII (Basic Latin)
437whitespace.
954c1994
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438
439=for apidoc Am|bool|isDIGIT|char ch
2bbc8d55 440Returns a boolean indicating whether the C C<char> is a US-ASCII (Basic Latin)
954c1994
GS
441digit.
442
443=for apidoc Am|bool|isUPPER|char ch
2bbc8d55
SP
444Returns a boolean indicating whether the C C<char> is a US-ASCII (Basic Latin)
445uppercase character.
954c1994
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446
447=for apidoc Am|bool|isLOWER|char ch
2bbc8d55
SP
448Returns a boolean indicating whether the C C<char> is a US-ASCII (Basic Latin)
449lowercase character.
954c1994
GS
450
451=for apidoc Am|char|toUPPER|char ch
2bbc8d55
SP
452Converts the specified character to uppercase. Characters outside the
453US-ASCII (Basic Latin) range are viewed as not having any case.
954c1994
GS
454
455=for apidoc Am|char|toLOWER|char ch
2bbc8d55
SP
456Converts the specified character to lowercase. Characters outside the
457US-ASCII (Basic Latin) range are viewed as not having any case.
954c1994
GS
458
459=cut
460*/
461
bbce6d69
PP
462#define isALNUM(c) (isALPHA(c) || isDIGIT(c) || (c) == '_')
463#define isIDFIRST(c) (isALPHA(c) || (c) == '_')
464#define isALPHA(c) (isUPPER(c) || isLOWER(c))
465#define isSPACE(c) \
466 ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t' || (c) == '\n' || (c) =='\r' || (c) == '\f')
aaa51d5e
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467#define isPSXSPC(c) (isSPACE(c) || (c) == '\v')
468#define isBLANK(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')
bbce6d69 469#define isDIGIT(c) ((c) >= '0' && (c) <= '9')
9d116dd7
JH
470#ifdef EBCDIC
471 /* In EBCDIC we do not do locales: therefore() isupper() is fine. */
472# define isUPPER(c) isupper(c)
473# define isLOWER(c) islower(c)
b8c5462f
JH
474# define isALNUMC(c) isalnum(c)
475# define isASCII(c) isascii(c)
476# define isCNTRL(c) iscntrl(c)
477# define isGRAPH(c) isgraph(c)
9d116dd7 478# define isPRINT(c) isprint(c)
b8c5462f
JH
479# define isPUNCT(c) ispunct(c)
480# define isXDIGIT(c) isxdigit(c)
9d116dd7 481# define toUPPER(c) toupper(c)
00f254e2 482# define toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) UNI_TO_NATIVE(PL_mod_latin1_uc[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)])
9d116dd7 483# define toLOWER(c) tolower(c)
00f254e2 484# define toLOWER_LATIN1(c) UNI_TO_NATIVE(PL_latin1_lc[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)])
9d116dd7
JH
485#else
486# define isUPPER(c) ((c) >= 'A' && (c) <= 'Z')
487# define isLOWER(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z')
b8c5462f
JH
488# define isALNUMC(c) (isALPHA(c) || isDIGIT(c))
489# define isASCII(c) ((c) <= 127)
7be5a6cf 490# define isCNTRL(c) ((c) < ' ' || (c) == 127)
b8c5462f 491# define isGRAPH(c) (isALNUM(c) || isPUNCT(c))
dc7a1c02 492# define isPRINT(c) (((c) >= 32 && (c) < 127))
b8c5462f 493# define isPUNCT(c) (((c) >= 33 && (c) <= 47) || ((c) >= 58 && (c) <= 64) || ((c) >= 91 && (c) <= 96) || ((c) >= 123 && (c) <= 126))
c302d089 494# define isXDIGIT(c) (isDIGIT(c) || ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'f') || ((c) >= 'A' && (c) <= 'F'))
00f254e2
KW
495
496/* Use table lookup for speed */
497# define toLOWER_LATIN1(c) (PL_latin1_lc[(U8) c])
498
499/* Modified uc. Is correct uc except for three non-ascii chars which are
500 * all mapped to one of them, and these need special handling */
501# define toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) (PL_mod_latin1_uc[(U8) c])
502
503/* ASCII casing. */
9d116dd7
JH
504# define toUPPER(c) (isLOWER(c) ? (c) - ('a' - 'A') : (c))
505# define toLOWER(c) (isUPPER(c) ? (c) + ('a' - 'A') : (c))
506#endif
bbce6d69
PP
507
508#ifdef USE_NEXT_CTYPE
509
510# define isALNUM_LC(c) \
37bd1396 511 (NXIsAlNum((unsigned int)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
ff68c719
PP
512# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) \
513 (NXIsAlpha((unsigned int)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
514# define isALPHA_LC(c) NXIsAlpha((unsigned int)(c))
515# define isSPACE_LC(c) NXIsSpace((unsigned int)(c))
516# define isDIGIT_LC(c) NXIsDigit((unsigned int)(c))
517# define isUPPER_LC(c) NXIsUpper((unsigned int)(c))
518# define isLOWER_LC(c) NXIsLower((unsigned int)(c))
37bd1396 519# define isALNUMC_LC(c) NXIsAlNum((unsigned int)(c))
b8c5462f
JH
520# define isCNTRL_LC(c) NXIsCntrl((unsigned int)(c))
521# define isGRAPH_LC(c) NXIsGraph((unsigned int)(c))
ff68c719 522# define isPRINT_LC(c) NXIsPrint((unsigned int)(c))
b8c5462f 523# define isPUNCT_LC(c) NXIsPunct((unsigned int)(c))
ff68c719
PP
524# define toUPPER_LC(c) NXToUpper((unsigned int)(c))
525# define toLOWER_LC(c) NXToLower((unsigned int)(c))
bbce6d69
PP
526
527#else /* !USE_NEXT_CTYPE */
b8c5462f 528
bbce6d69
PP
529# if defined(CTYPE256) || (!defined(isascii) && !defined(HAS_ISASCII))
530
b8c5462f 531# define isALNUM_LC(c) (isalnum((unsigned char)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
ff68c719 532# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isalpha((unsigned char)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
bbce6d69
PP
533# define isALPHA_LC(c) isalpha((unsigned char)(c))
534# define isSPACE_LC(c) isspace((unsigned char)(c))
535# define isDIGIT_LC(c) isdigit((unsigned char)(c))
536# define isUPPER_LC(c) isupper((unsigned char)(c))
537# define isLOWER_LC(c) islower((unsigned char)(c))
b8c5462f
JH
538# define isALNUMC_LC(c) isalnum((unsigned char)(c))
539# define isCNTRL_LC(c) iscntrl((unsigned char)(c))
540# define isGRAPH_LC(c) isgraph((unsigned char)(c))
bbce6d69 541# define isPRINT_LC(c) isprint((unsigned char)(c))
b8c5462f 542# define isPUNCT_LC(c) ispunct((unsigned char)(c))
bbce6d69
PP
543# define toUPPER_LC(c) toupper((unsigned char)(c))
544# define toLOWER_LC(c) tolower((unsigned char)(c))
545
546# else
547
3609ea0d 548# define isALNUM_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalnum(c) || (c) == '_'))
bbce6d69
PP
549# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalpha(c) || (c) == '_'))
550# define isALPHA_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalpha(c))
551# define isSPACE_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isspace(c))
552# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isdigit(c))
553# define isUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isupper(c))
554# define isLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && islower(c))
b8c5462f
JH
555# define isALNUMC_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalnum(c))
556# define isCNTRL_LC(c) (isascii(c) && iscntrl(c))
557# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isgraph(c))
bbce6d69 558# define isPRINT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isprint(c))
b8c5462f 559# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && ispunct(c))
bbce6d69
PP
560# define toUPPER_LC(c) toupper(c)
561# define toLOWER_LC(c) tolower(c)
562
563# endif
a0d0e21e 564#endif /* USE_NEXT_CTYPE */
55204971 565
aaa51d5e
JF
566#define isPSXSPC_LC(c) (isSPACE_LC(c) || (c) == '\v')
567#define isBLANK_LC(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
568
a0ed51b3
LW
569#define isALNUM_uni(c) is_uni_alnum(c)
570#define isIDFIRST_uni(c) is_uni_idfirst(c)
571#define isALPHA_uni(c) is_uni_alpha(c)
572#define isSPACE_uni(c) is_uni_space(c)
573#define isDIGIT_uni(c) is_uni_digit(c)
574#define isUPPER_uni(c) is_uni_upper(c)
575#define isLOWER_uni(c) is_uni_lower(c)
b8c5462f
JH
576#define isASCII_uni(c) is_uni_ascii(c)
577#define isCNTRL_uni(c) is_uni_cntrl(c)
578#define isGRAPH_uni(c) is_uni_graph(c)
a0ed51b3 579#define isPRINT_uni(c) is_uni_print(c)
b8c5462f
JH
580#define isPUNCT_uni(c) is_uni_punct(c)
581#define isXDIGIT_uni(c) is_uni_xdigit(c)
a2a2844f
JH
582#define toUPPER_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_upper(c,s,l)
583#define toTITLE_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_title(c,s,l)
584#define toLOWER_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_lower(c,s,l)
b8d68ded 585#define toFOLD_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_fold(c,s,l)
a0ed51b3 586
aaa51d5e
JF
587#define isPSXSPC_uni(c) (isSPACE_uni(c) ||(c) == '\f')
588#define isBLANK_uni(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
589
9041c2e3
NIS
590#define isALNUM_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isALNUM_LC(c) : is_uni_alnum_lc(c))
591#define isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isIDFIRST_LC(c) : is_uni_idfirst_lc(c))
592#define isALPHA_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isALPHA_LC(c) : is_uni_alpha_lc(c))
593#define isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isSPACE_LC(c) : is_uni_space_lc(c))
594#define isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isDIGIT_LC(c) : is_uni_digit_lc(c))
595#define isUPPER_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isUPPER_LC(c) : is_uni_upper_lc(c))
596#define isLOWER_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isLOWER_LC(c) : is_uni_lower_lc(c))
9041c2e3
NIS
597#define isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isCNTRL_LC(c) : is_uni_cntrl_lc(c))
598#define isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isGRAPH_LC(c) : is_uni_graph_lc(c))
599#define isPRINT_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isPRINT_LC(c) : is_uni_print_lc(c))
600#define isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isPUNCT_LC(c) : is_uni_punct_lc(c))
a0ed51b3 601
aaa51d5e
JF
602#define isPSXSPC_LC_uni(c) (isSPACE_LC_uni(c) ||(c) == '\f')
603#define isBLANK_LC_uni(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
604
a0ed51b3 605#define isALNUM_utf8(p) is_utf8_alnum(p)
82686b01
JH
606/* The ID_Start of Unicode is quite limiting: it assumes a L-class
607 * character (meaning that you cannot have, say, a CJK character).
608 * Instead, let's allow ID_Continue but not digits. */
609#define isIDFIRST_utf8(p) (is_utf8_idcont(p) && !is_utf8_digit(p))
a0ed51b3
LW
610#define isALPHA_utf8(p) is_utf8_alpha(p)
611#define isSPACE_utf8(p) is_utf8_space(p)
612#define isDIGIT_utf8(p) is_utf8_digit(p)
613#define isUPPER_utf8(p) is_utf8_upper(p)
614#define isLOWER_utf8(p) is_utf8_lower(p)
b8c5462f
JH
615#define isASCII_utf8(p) is_utf8_ascii(p)
616#define isCNTRL_utf8(p) is_utf8_cntrl(p)
617#define isGRAPH_utf8(p) is_utf8_graph(p)
a0ed51b3 618#define isPRINT_utf8(p) is_utf8_print(p)
b8c5462f
JH
619#define isPUNCT_utf8(p) is_utf8_punct(p)
620#define isXDIGIT_utf8(p) is_utf8_xdigit(p)
a2a2844f
JH
621#define toUPPER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_upper(p,s,l)
622#define toTITLE_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_title(p,s,l)
623#define toLOWER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_lower(p,s,l)
a0ed51b3 624
aaa51d5e
JF
625#define isPSXSPC_utf8(c) (isSPACE_utf8(c) ||(c) == '\f')
626#define isBLANK_utf8(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
627
9041c2e3
NIS
628#define isALNUM_LC_utf8(p) isALNUM_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
629#define isIDFIRST_LC_utf8(p) isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
630#define isALPHA_LC_utf8(p) isALPHA_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
631#define isSPACE_LC_utf8(p) isSPACE_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
632#define isDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
633#define isUPPER_LC_utf8(p) isUPPER_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
634#define isLOWER_LC_utf8(p) isLOWER_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
635#define isALNUMC_LC_utf8(p) isALNUMC_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
636#define isCNTRL_LC_utf8(p) isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
637#define isGRAPH_LC_utf8(p) isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
638#define isPRINT_LC_utf8(p) isPRINT_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
639#define isPUNCT_LC_utf8(p) isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
a0ed51b3 640
aaa51d5e
JF
641#define isPSXSPC_LC_utf8(c) (isSPACE_LC_utf8(c) ||(c) == '\f')
642#define isBLANK_LC_utf8(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
643
9d116dd7 644#ifdef EBCDIC
20b634c2
JH
645# ifdef PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
646# define toCTRL(c) Perl_ebcdic_control(aTHX_ c)
647# else
648# define toCTRL Perl_ebcdic_control
649# endif
9d116dd7
JH
650#else
651 /* This conversion works both ways, strangely enough. */
652# define toCTRL(c) (toUPPER(c) ^ 64)
653#endif
bbce6d69 654
dea28490
JJ
655/* Line numbers are unsigned, 32 bits. */
656typedef U32 line_t;
dea28490 657#define NOLINE ((line_t) 4294967295UL)
378cc40b 658
8c52afec 659
8e84507e 660/*
ccfc67b7
JH
661=head1 Memory Management
662
a02a5408 663=for apidoc Am|void|Newx|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994
GS
664The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function.
665
c5008215
JC
666In 5.9.3, Newx() and friends replace the older New() API, and drops
667the first parameter, I<x>, a debug aid which allowed callers to identify
37b8b4c9 668themselves. This aid has been superseded by a new build option,
c5008215
JC
669PERL_MEM_LOG (see L<perlhack/PERL_MEM_LOG>). The older API is still
670there for use in XS modules supporting older perls.
671
a02a5408 672=for apidoc Am|void|Newxc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
954c1994 673The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function, with
c5008215 674cast. See also C<Newx>.
954c1994 675
a02a5408 676=for apidoc Am|void|Newxz|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994 677The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function. The allocated
c5008215 678memory is zeroed with C<memzero>. See also C<Newx>.
a02a5408 679
954c1994
GS
680=for apidoc Am|void|Renew|void* ptr|int nitems|type
681The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function.
682
683=for apidoc Am|void|Renewc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
684The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function, with
685cast.
686
49b8b560 687=for apidoc Am|void|Safefree|void* ptr
954c1994
GS
688The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<free> function.
689
690=for apidoc Am|void|Move|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
691The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memmove> function. The C<src> is the
692source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is
693the type. Can do overlapping moves. See also C<Copy>.
694
e90e2364
NC
695=for apidoc Am|void *|MoveD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
696Like C<Move> but returns dest. Useful for encouraging compilers to tail-call
697optimise.
698
954c1994
GS
699=for apidoc Am|void|Copy|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
700The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memcpy> function. The C<src> is the
701source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is
702the type. May fail on overlapping copies. See also C<Move>.
703
e90e2364
NC
704=for apidoc Am|void *|CopyD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
705
706Like C<Copy> but returns dest. Useful for encouraging compilers to tail-call
707optimise.
708
954c1994
GS
709=for apidoc Am|void|Zero|void* dest|int nitems|type
710
711The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memzero> function. The C<dest> is the
712destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is the type.
713
e90e2364
NC
714=for apidoc Am|void *|ZeroD|void* dest|int nitems|type
715
716Like C<Zero> but returns dest. Useful for encouraging compilers to tail-call
717optimise.
718
954c1994 719=for apidoc Am|void|StructCopy|type src|type dest|type
4375e838 720This is an architecture-independent macro to copy one structure to another.
954c1994 721
7e337ee0
JH
722=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonWith|void* dest|int nitems|type|U8 byte
723
724Fill up memory with a byte pattern (a byte repeated over and over
725again) that hopefully catches attempts to access uninitialized memory.
726
727=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonNew|void* dest|int nitems|type
728
729PoisonWith(0xAB) for catching access to allocated but uninitialized memory.
730
1c12ffb4 731=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonFree|void* dest|int nitems|type
7e337ee0
JH
732
733PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
734
9965345d
JH
735=for apidoc Am|void|Poison|void* dest|int nitems|type
736
7e337ee0 737PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
9965345d
JH
738
739=cut */
954c1994 740
561b68a9
SH
741/* Maintained for backwards-compatibility only. Use newSV() instead. */
742#ifndef PERL_CORE
ff06c60c 743#define NEWSV(x,len) newSV(len)
561b68a9 744#endif
ff06c60c 745
19a94d75
JH
746#define MEM_SIZE_MAX ((MEM_SIZE)~0)
747
2720f793
JH
748/* The +0.0 in MEM_WRAP_CHECK_ is an attempt to foil
749 * overly eager compilers that will bleat about e.g.
750 * (U16)n > (size_t)~0/sizeof(U16) always being false. */
27d5b266 751#ifdef PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
fabdb6c0 752#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,PL_memory_wrap)
27d5b266 753#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a) \
f1f66076 754 (void)(sizeof(t) > 1 && ((MEM_SIZE)(n)+0.0) > MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t) && (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",(a)),0))
8b44ba4c 755#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t),
27d5b266 756
f1f66076 757#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) ((void)(((n) > MEM_SIZE_MAX - 2 * PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM) ? (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",PL_memory_wrap),0):0),((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
1936d2a7 758
27d5b266
JH
759#else
760
410319be
NC
761#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t)
762#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a)
763#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_2(n,t,a,b)
8b44ba4c
NC
764#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t)
765
6fff79ce 766#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) (((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
27d5b266 767
1936d2a7 768#endif
8b44ba4c 769
fe4f188c 770#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
46c6c7e2 771/*
9f653bb5 772 * If PERL_MEM_LOG is defined, all Newx()s, Renew()s, and Safefree()s
46c6c7e2
JH
773 * go through functions, which are handy for debugging breakpoints, but
774 * which more importantly get the immediate calling environment (file and
e352bcff
JH
775 * line number, and C function name if available) passed in. This info can
776 * then be used for logging the calls, for which one gets a sample
73d1d973 777 * implementation unless -DPERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL is also defined.
3609ea0d 778 *
46c6c7e2
JH
779 * Known problems:
780 * - all memory allocs do not get logged, only those
781 * that go through Newx() and derivatives (while all
782 * Safefrees do get logged)
783 * - __FILE__ and __LINE__ do not work everywhere
784 * - __func__ or __FUNCTION__ even less so
785 * - I think more goes on after the perlio frees but
786 * the thing is that STDERR gets closed (as do all
787 * the file descriptors)
788 * - no deeper calling stack than the caller of the Newx()
789 * or the kind, but do I look like a C reflection/introspection
790 * utility to you?
791 * - the function prototypes for the logging functions
792 * probably should maybe be somewhere else than handy.h
793 * - one could consider inlining (macrofying) the logging
794 * for speed, but I am too lazy
795 * - one could imagine recording the allocations in a hash,
796 * (keyed by the allocation address?), and maintain that
797 * through reallocs and frees, but how to do that without
798 * any News() happening...?
73d1d973 799 * - lots of -Ddefines to get useful/controllable output
b953482e 800 * - lots of ENV reads
46c6c7e2
JH
801 */
802
12754f92 803PERL_EXPORT_C Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_alloc(const UV n, const UV typesize, const char *type_name, Malloc_t newalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 804
12754f92 805PERL_EXPORT_C Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_realloc(const UV n, const UV typesize, const char *type_name, Malloc_t oldalloc, Malloc_t newalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 806
12754f92 807PERL_EXPORT_C Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_free(Malloc_t oldalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 808
0b0ab801 809# ifdef PERL_CORE
73d1d973 810# ifndef PERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL
0b0ab801
MHM
811enum mem_log_type {
812 MLT_ALLOC,
813 MLT_REALLOC,
d7a2c63c
MHM
814 MLT_FREE,
815 MLT_NEW_SV,
816 MLT_DEL_SV
0b0ab801
MHM
817};
818# endif
12754f92 819# if defined(PERL_IN_SV_C) /* those are only used in sv.c */
d7a2c63c
MHM
820void Perl_mem_log_new_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
821void Perl_mem_log_del_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
12754f92 822# endif
0b0ab801
MHM
823# endif
824
fe4f188c
JH
825#endif
826
827#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
d1401ee9
MHM
828#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) Perl_mem_log_alloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
829#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) Perl_mem_log_realloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),v,a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
46c6c7e2 830#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) Perl_mem_log_free(a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
fe4f188c
JH
831#endif
832
833#ifndef MEM_LOG_ALLOC
834#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) (a)
835#endif
836#ifndef MEM_LOG_REALLOC
837#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) (a)
838#endif
839#ifndef MEM_LOG_FREE
840#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) (a)
841#endif
842
d1401ee9
MHM
843#define Newx(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
844#define Newxc(v,n,t,c) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
845#define Newxz(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safecalloc((n),sizeof(t)))))
a6f6820f
NC
846
847#ifndef PERL_CORE
a02a5408
JC
848/* pre 5.9.x compatibility */
849#define New(x,v,n,t) Newx(v,n,t)
850#define Newc(x,v,n,t,c) Newxc(v,n,t,c)
4541904d 851#define Newz(x,v,n,t) Newxz(v,n,t)
a6f6820f 852#endif
a02a5408 853
ff68c719 854#define Renew(v,n,t) \
d1401ee9 855 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
ff68c719 856#define Renewc(v,n,t,c) \
d1401ee9 857 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
94010e71
NC
858
859#ifdef PERL_POISON
860#define Safefree(d) \
06c0cc96 861 ((d) ? (void)(safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d))), Poison(&(d), 1, Malloc_t)) : (void) 0)
94010e71 862#else
fe4f188c 863#define Safefree(d) safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d)))
94010e71 864#endif
55497cff 865
8b44ba4c
NC
866#define Move(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
867#define Copy(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
868#define Zero(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
55497cff 869
8b44ba4c
NC
870#define MoveD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
871#define CopyD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 872#ifdef HAS_MEMSET
8b44ba4c 873#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 874#else
8b44ba4c
NC
875/* Using bzero(), which returns void. */
876#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)),d)
e90e2364
NC
877#endif
878
7e337ee0
JH
879#define PoisonWith(d,n,t,b) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memset((char*)(d), (U8)(b), (n) * sizeof(t)))
880#define PoisonNew(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xAB)
881#define PoisonFree(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xEF)
882#define Poison(d,n,t) PoisonFree(d,n,t)
27d5b266 883
2304df62 884#ifdef USE_STRUCT_COPY
ff68c719 885#define StructCopy(s,d,t) (*((t*)(d)) = *((t*)(s)))
bee1dbe2
LW
886#else
887#define StructCopy(s,d,t) Copy(s,d,1,t)
888#endif
2cc61e15 889
622913ab
IZ
890#define C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof((a)[0]))
891
2cc61e15
DD
892#ifdef NEED_VA_COPY
893# ifdef va_copy
894# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) va_copy(d, s)
2cc61e15 895# else
a1866d1b
JH
896# if defined(__va_copy)
897# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) __va_copy(d, s)
898# else
899# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) Copy(s, d, 1, va_list)
900# endif
2cc61e15
DD
901# endif
902#endif
903
472d47bc
SB
904/* convenience debug macros */
905#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
906#define pTHX_FORMAT "Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
907#define pTHX__FORMAT ", Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
f54cb97a
AL
908#define pTHX_VALUE_ (void *)my_perl,
909#define pTHX_VALUE (void *)my_perl
910#define pTHX__VALUE_ ,(void *)my_perl,
911#define pTHX__VALUE ,(void *)my_perl
472d47bc 912#else
3609ea0d 913#define pTHX_FORMAT
472d47bc 914#define pTHX__FORMAT
3609ea0d 915#define pTHX_VALUE_
472d47bc 916#define pTHX_VALUE
3609ea0d 917#define pTHX__VALUE_
472d47bc
SB
918#define pTHX__VALUE
919#endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
3609ea0d 920
2acdbac1
NC
921/* Perl_deprecate was not part of the public API, and did not have a deprecate()
922 shortcut macro defined without -DPERL_CORE. Neither codesearch.google.com nor
923 CPAN::Unpack show any users outside the core. */
924#ifdef PERL_CORE
d1d15184 925# define deprecate(s) Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), "Use of " s " is deprecated")
2acdbac1
NC
926#endif
927
e9a8c099
MHM
928/*
929 * Local variables:
930 * c-indentation-style: bsd
931 * c-basic-offset: 4
932 * indent-tabs-mode: t
933 * End:
934 *
935 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 noet:
936 */