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cut out/inline wrapper calls of sv_*catpvf*
[perl5.git] / regexp.h
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a0d0e21e 1/* regexp.h
d6376244 2 *
4bb101f2 3 * Copyright (C) 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003,
1129b882 4 * 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 by Larry Wall and others
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5 *
6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8 *
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9 */
10
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11/*
12 * Definitions etc. for regexp(3) routines.
13 *
14 * Caveat: this is V8 regexp(3) [actually, a reimplementation thereof],
15 * not the System V one.
16 */
be8e71aa 17#ifndef PLUGGABLE_RE_EXTENSION
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18/* we don't want to include this stuff if we are inside of
19 an external regex engine based on the core one - like re 'debug'*/
378cc40b 20
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21#include "utf8.h"
22
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23struct regnode {
24 U8 flags;
25 U8 type;
26 U16 next_off;
27};
28
29typedef struct regnode regnode;
30
cad2e5aa 31struct reg_substr_data;
2779dcf1 32
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33struct reg_data;
34
f9f4320a 35struct regexp_engine;
28d8d7f4 36struct regexp;
bbe252da 37
785a26d5 38struct reg_substr_datum {
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39 SSize_t min_offset;
40 SSize_t max_offset;
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41 SV *substr; /* non-utf8 variant */
42 SV *utf8_substr; /* utf8 variant */
ea3daa5d 43 SSize_t end_shift;
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44};
45struct reg_substr_data {
46 struct reg_substr_datum data[3]; /* Actual array */
47};
f9f4320a 48
db2c6cb3 49#ifdef PERL_ANY_COW
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50#define SV_SAVED_COPY SV *saved_copy; /* If non-NULL, SV which is COW from original */
51#else
52#define SV_SAVED_COPY
ed252734 53#endif
28d8d7f4 54
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55/* offsets within a string of a particular /(.)/ capture */
56
f0ab9afb 57typedef struct regexp_paren_pair {
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58 SSize_t start;
59 SSize_t end;
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60 /* 'start_tmp' records a new opening position before the matching end
61 * has been found, so that the old start and end values are still
62 * valid, e.g.
63 * "abc" =~ /(.(?{print "[$1]"}))+/
64 *outputs [][a][b]
65 * This field is not part of the API. */
ea3daa5d 66 SSize_t start_tmp;
f0ab9afb 67} regexp_paren_pair;
28d8d7f4 68
52ae8f7e 69#if defined(PERL_IN_REGCOMP_C) || defined(PERL_IN_UTF8_C)
164173a2 70#define _invlist_union(a, b, output) _invlist_union_maybe_complement_2nd(a, b, FALSE, output)
52ae8f7e 71#define _invlist_intersection(a, b, output) _invlist_intersection_maybe_complement_2nd(a, b, FALSE, output)
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72
73/* Subtracting b from a leaves in a everything that was there that isn't in b,
74 * that is the intersection of a with b's complement */
75#define _invlist_subtract(a, b, output) _invlist_intersection_maybe_complement_2nd(a, b, TRUE, output)
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76#endif
77
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78/* record the position of a (?{...}) within a pattern */
79
80struct reg_code_block {
81 STRLEN start;
82 STRLEN end;
83 OP *block;
b30fcab9 84 REGEXP *src_regex;
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85};
86
87
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88/*
89 The regexp/REGEXP struct, see L<perlreapi> for further documentation
90 on the individual fields. The struct is ordered so that the most
91 commonly used fields are placed at the start.
92
93 Any patch that adds items to this struct will need to include
94 changes to F<sv.c> (C<Perl_re_dup()>) and F<regcomp.c>
95 (C<pregfree()>). This involves freeing or cloning items in the
96 regexp's data array based on the data item's type.
97*/
98
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99#define _REGEXP_COMMON \
100 /* what engine created this regexp? */ \
101 const struct regexp_engine* engine; \
102 REGEXP *mother_re; /* what re is this a lightweight copy of? */ \
89f6f287 103 HV *paren_names; /* Optional hash of paren names */ \
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104 /* Information about the match that the perl core uses to */ \
105 /* manage things */ \
106 U32 extflags; /* Flags used both externally and internally */ \
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107 SSize_t minlen; /* mininum possible number of chars in string to match */\
108 SSize_t minlenret; /* mininum possible number of chars in $& */ \
109 STRLEN gofs; /* chars left of pos that we search from */ \
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110 /* substring data about strings that must appear in the */ \
111 /* final match, used for optimisations */ \
112 struct reg_substr_data *substrs; \
113 U32 nparens; /* number of capture buffers */ \
114 /* private engine specific data */ \
115 U32 intflags; /* Engine Specific Internal flags */ \
116 void *pprivate; /* Data private to the regex engine which */ \
117 /* created this object. */ \
118 /* Data about the last/current match. These are modified */ \
119 /* during matching */ \
120 U32 lastparen; /* last open paren matched */ \
121 U32 lastcloseparen; /* last close paren matched */ \
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122 /* Array of offsets for (@-) and (@+) */ \
123 regexp_paren_pair *offs; \
124 /* saved or original string so \digit works forever. */ \
125 char *subbeg; \
126 SV_SAVED_COPY /* If non-NULL, SV which is COW from original */\
19394178 127 SSize_t sublen; /* Length of string pointed by subbeg */ \
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128 SSize_t suboffset; /* byte offset of subbeg from logical start of str */ \
129 SSize_t subcoffset; /* suboffset equiv, but in chars (for @-/@+) */ \
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130 /* Information about the match that isn't often used */ \
131 /* offset from wrapped to the start of precomp */ \
654eccd5 132 PERL_BITFIELD32 pre_prefix:4; \
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133 /* original flags used to compile the pattern, may differ */ \
134 /* from extflags in various ways */ \
135 PERL_BITFIELD32 compflags:9; \
b82ad30c 136 CV *qr_anoncv /* the anon sub wrapped round qr/(?{..})/ */
08e44740 137
bbe252da 138typedef struct regexp {
288b8c02 139 _XPV_HEAD;
08e44740 140 _REGEXP_COMMON;
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141} regexp;
142
89f6f287 143#define RXp_PAREN_NAMES(rx) ((rx)->paren_names)
5daac39c 144
785a26d5 145/* used for high speed searches */
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146typedef struct re_scream_pos_data_s
147{
148 char **scream_olds; /* match pos */
ea3daa5d 149 SSize_t *scream_pos; /* Internal iterator of scream. */
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150} re_scream_pos_data;
151
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152/* regexp_engine structure. This is the dispatch table for regexes.
153 * Any regex engine implementation must be able to build one of these.
154 */
f9f4320a 155typedef struct regexp_engine {
1593ad57 156 REGEXP* (*comp) (pTHX_ SV * const pattern, U32 flags);
49d7dfbc 157 I32 (*exec) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, char* stringarg, char* strend,
ea3daa5d 158 char* strbeg, SSize_t minend, SV* sv,
49d7dfbc 159 void* data, U32 flags);
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160 char* (*intuit) (pTHX_
161 REGEXP * const rx,
162 SV *sv,
163 const char * const strbeg,
164 char *strpos,
165 char *strend,
166 const U32 flags,
9f61653a 167 re_scream_pos_data *data);
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168 SV* (*checkstr) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx);
169 void (*free) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx);
2fdbfb4d 170 void (*numbered_buff_FETCH) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, const I32 paren,
192b9cd1 171 SV * const sv);
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172 void (*numbered_buff_STORE) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, const I32 paren,
173 SV const * const value);
174 I32 (*numbered_buff_LENGTH) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, const SV * const sv,
175 const I32 paren);
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176 SV* (*named_buff) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, SV * const key,
177 SV * const value, const U32 flags);
178 SV* (*named_buff_iter) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, const SV * const lastkey,
179 const U32 flags);
49d7dfbc 180 SV* (*qr_package)(pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx);
f2f78491 181#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
49d7dfbc 182 void* (*dupe) (pTHX_ REGEXP * const rx, CLONE_PARAMS *param);
2fdbfb4d 183#endif
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184 REGEXP* (*op_comp) (pTHX_ SV ** const patternp, int pat_count,
185 OP *expr, const struct regexp_engine* eng,
186 REGEXP *VOL old_re,
76ac488f 187 bool *is_bare_re, U32 orig_rx_flags, U32 pm_flags);
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188} regexp_engine;
189
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190/*
191 These are passed to the numbered capture variable callbacks as the
192 paren name. >= 1 is reserved for actual numbered captures, i.e. $1,
193 $2 etc.
194*/
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195#define RX_BUFF_IDX_CARET_PREMATCH -5 /* ${^PREMATCH} */
196#define RX_BUFF_IDX_CARET_POSTMATCH -4 /* ${^POSTMATCH} */
197#define RX_BUFF_IDX_CARET_FULLMATCH -3 /* ${^MATCH} */
198#define RX_BUFF_IDX_PREMATCH -2 /* $` */
199#define RX_BUFF_IDX_POSTMATCH -1 /* $' */
200#define RX_BUFF_IDX_FULLMATCH 0 /* $& */
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201
202/*
203 Flags that are passed to the named_buff and named_buff_iter
204 callbacks above. Those routines are called from universal.c via the
205 Tie::Hash::NamedCapture interface for %+ and %- and the re::
206 functions in the same file.
207*/
208
209/* The Tie::Hash::NamedCapture operation this is part of, if any */
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210#define RXapif_FETCH 0x0001
211#define RXapif_STORE 0x0002
212#define RXapif_DELETE 0x0004
213#define RXapif_CLEAR 0x0008
214#define RXapif_EXISTS 0x0010
215#define RXapif_SCALAR 0x0020
216#define RXapif_FIRSTKEY 0x0040
217#define RXapif_NEXTKEY 0x0080
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218
219/* Whether %+ or %- is being operated on */
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220#define RXapif_ONE 0x0100 /* %+ */
221#define RXapif_ALL 0x0200 /* %- */
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222
223/* Whether this is being called from a re:: function */
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224#define RXapif_REGNAME 0x0400
225#define RXapif_REGNAMES 0x0800
7948fc08 226#define RXapif_REGNAMES_COUNT 0x1000
192b9cd1 227
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228/*
229=head1 REGEXP Functions
230
231=for apidoc Am|REGEXP *|SvRX|SV *sv
232
233Convenience macro to get the REGEXP from a SV. This is approximately
234equivalent to the following snippet:
235
236 if (SvMAGICAL(sv))
237 mg_get(sv);
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238 if (SvROK(sv))
239 sv = MUTABLE_SV(SvRV(sv));
240 if (SvTYPE(sv) == SVt_REGEXP)
241 return (REGEXP*) sv;
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242
243NULL will be returned if a REGEXP* is not found.
244
245=for apidoc Am|bool|SvRXOK|SV* sv
246
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247Returns a boolean indicating whether the SV (or the one it references)
248is a REGEXP.
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249
250If you want to do something with the REGEXP* later use SvRX instead
251and check for NULL.
252
253=cut
254*/
255
256#define SvRX(sv) (Perl_get_re_arg(aTHX_ sv))
257#define SvRXOK(sv) (Perl_get_re_arg(aTHX_ sv) ? TRUE : FALSE)
258
259
7948fc08 260/* Flags stored in regexp->extflags
bbe252da 261 * These are used by code external to the regexp engine
e357fc67 262 *
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263 * Note that the flags whose names start with RXf_PMf_ are defined in
264 * op_reg_common.h, being copied from the parallel flags of op_pmflags
cb5027f2 265 *
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266 * NOTE: if you modify any RXf flags you should run regen.pl or
267 * regen/regcomp.pl so that regnodes.h is updated with the changes.
cb5027f2 268 *
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269 */
270
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271#include "op_reg_common.h"
272
cde0cee5 273#define RXf_PMf_STD_PMMOD (RXf_PMf_MULTILINE|RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE|RXf_PMf_FOLD|RXf_PMf_EXTENDED)
cde0cee5 274
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275#define CASE_STD_PMMOD_FLAGS_PARSE_SET(pmfl) \
276 case IGNORE_PAT_MOD: *(pmfl) |= RXf_PMf_FOLD; break; \
277 case MULTILINE_PAT_MOD: *(pmfl) |= RXf_PMf_MULTILINE; break; \
278 case SINGLE_PAT_MOD: *(pmfl) |= RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE; break; \
279 case XTENDED_PAT_MOD: *(pmfl) |= RXf_PMf_EXTENDED; break
bbe252da 280
94b03d7d 281/* Note, includes charset ones, assumes 0 is the default for them */
fb85c044 282#define STD_PMMOD_FLAGS_CLEAR(pmfl) \
a62b1201 283 *(pmfl) &= ~(RXf_PMf_FOLD|RXf_PMf_MULTILINE|RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE|RXf_PMf_EXTENDED|RXf_PMf_CHARSET)
fb85c044 284
bcdf7404 285/* chars and strings used as regex pattern modifiers
486ec47a 286 * Singular is a 'c'har, plural is a "string"
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287 *
288 * NOTE, KEEPCOPY was originally 'k', but was changed to 'p' for preserve
289 * for compatibility reasons with Regexp::Common which highjacked (?k:...)
290 * for its own uses. So 'k' is out as well.
bcdf7404 291 */
85508812 292#define DEFAULT_PAT_MOD '^' /* Short for all the default modifiers */
bcdf7404 293#define EXEC_PAT_MOD 'e'
87e95b7f 294#define KEEPCOPY_PAT_MOD 'p'
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295#define ONCE_PAT_MOD 'o'
296#define GLOBAL_PAT_MOD 'g'
297#define CONTINUE_PAT_MOD 'c'
298#define MULTILINE_PAT_MOD 'm'
299#define SINGLE_PAT_MOD 's'
300#define IGNORE_PAT_MOD 'i'
301#define XTENDED_PAT_MOD 'x'
4f4d7508 302#define NONDESTRUCT_PAT_MOD 'r'
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303#define LOCALE_PAT_MOD 'l'
304#define UNICODE_PAT_MOD 'u'
50e91148 305#define DEPENDS_PAT_MOD 'd'
cfaf538b 306#define ASCII_RESTRICT_PAT_MOD 'a'
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307
308#define ONCE_PAT_MODS "o"
87e95b7f 309#define KEEPCOPY_PAT_MODS "p"
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310#define EXEC_PAT_MODS "e"
311#define LOOP_PAT_MODS "gc"
4f4d7508 312#define NONDESTRUCT_PAT_MODS "r"
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313#define LOCALE_PAT_MODS "l"
314#define UNICODE_PAT_MODS "u"
50e91148 315#define DEPENDS_PAT_MODS "d"
cfaf538b 316#define ASCII_RESTRICT_PAT_MODS "a"
df7a8460 317#define ASCII_MORE_RESTRICT_PAT_MODS "aa"
bcdf7404 318
78fecfc8 319/* This string is expected by regcomp.c to be ordered so that the first
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320 * character is the flag in bit RXf_PMf_STD_PMMOD_SHIFT of extflags; the next
321 * character is bit +1, etc. */
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322#define STD_PAT_MODS "msix"
323
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324#define CHARSET_PAT_MODS ASCII_RESTRICT_PAT_MODS DEPENDS_PAT_MODS LOCALE_PAT_MODS UNICODE_PAT_MODS
325
78fecfc8 326/* This string is expected by XS_re_regexp_pattern() in universal.c to be ordered
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327 * so that the first character is the flag in bit RXf_PMf_STD_PMMOD_SHIFT of
328 * extflags; the next character is in bit +1, etc. */
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329#define INT_PAT_MODS STD_PAT_MODS KEEPCOPY_PAT_MODS
330
331#define EXT_PAT_MODS ONCE_PAT_MODS KEEPCOPY_PAT_MODS
94b03d7d 332#define QR_PAT_MODS STD_PAT_MODS EXT_PAT_MODS CHARSET_PAT_MODS
bcdf7404 333#define M_PAT_MODS QR_PAT_MODS LOOP_PAT_MODS
4f4d7508 334#define S_PAT_MODS M_PAT_MODS EXEC_PAT_MODS NONDESTRUCT_PAT_MODS
bcdf7404 335
cb5027f2 336/*
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337 * NOTE: if you modify any RXf flags you should run regen.pl or
338 * regen/regcomp.pl so that regnodes.h is updated with the changes.
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339 *
340 */
bcdf7404 341
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342/* Leave some space, so future bit allocations can go either in the shared or
343 * unshared area without affecting binary compatibility */
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344#define RXf_BASE_SHIFT (_RXf_PMf_SHIFT_NEXT)
345
346/*
347 Set in Perl_pmruntime if op_flags & OPf_SPECIAL, i.e. split. Will
348 be used by regex engines to check whether they should set
349 RXf_SKIPWHITE
350*/
351#define RXf_SPLIT (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT-1))
352#if RXf_SPLIT != RXf_PMf_SPLIT
353# error "RXf_SPLIT does not match RXf_PMf_SPLIT"
354#endif
f4a4cecb 355
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356/* Manually decorate this function with gcc-style attributes just to
357 * avoid having to restructure the header files and their called order,
358 * as proto.h would have to be included before this file, and isn't */
359
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360PERL_STATIC_INLINE const char *
361get_regex_charset_name(const U32 flags, STRLEN* const lenp)
362 __attribute__warn_unused_result__;
363
df7a8460 364#define MAX_CHARSET_NAME_LENGTH 2
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365
366PERL_STATIC_INLINE const char *
367get_regex_charset_name(const U32 flags, STRLEN* const lenp)
368{
369 /* Returns a string that corresponds to the name of the regex character set
370 * given by 'flags', and *lenp is set the length of that string, which
371 * cannot exceed MAX_CHARSET_NAME_LENGTH characters */
372
373 *lenp = 1;
374 switch (get_regex_charset(flags)) {
50e91148 375 case REGEX_DEPENDS_CHARSET: return DEPENDS_PAT_MODS;
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376 case REGEX_LOCALE_CHARSET: return LOCALE_PAT_MODS;
377 case REGEX_UNICODE_CHARSET: return UNICODE_PAT_MODS;
cfaf538b 378 case REGEX_ASCII_RESTRICTED_CHARSET: return ASCII_RESTRICT_PAT_MODS;
df7a8460 379 case REGEX_ASCII_MORE_RESTRICTED_CHARSET:
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380 *lenp = 2;
381 return ASCII_MORE_RESTRICT_PAT_MODS;
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382 default:
383 return "?"; /* Unknown */
a62b1201 384 }
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385}
386
52d81aa8 387/* Anchor and GPOS related stuff */
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388#define RXf_ANCH_BOL (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+0))
389#define RXf_ANCH_MBOL (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+1))
390#define RXf_ANCH_SBOL (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+2))
391#define RXf_ANCH_GPOS (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+3))
392#define RXf_GPOS_SEEN (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+4))
393#define RXf_GPOS_FLOAT (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+5))
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394/* two bits here */
395#define RXf_ANCH (RXf_ANCH_BOL|RXf_ANCH_MBOL|RXf_ANCH_GPOS|RXf_ANCH_SBOL)
396#define RXf_GPOS_CHECK (RXf_GPOS_SEEN|RXf_ANCH_GPOS)
397#define RXf_ANCH_SINGLE (RXf_ANCH_SBOL|RXf_ANCH_GPOS)
398
bbe252da 399/* What we have seen */
dbc200c5 400#define RXf_NO_INPLACE_SUBST (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+6))
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401#define RXf_EVAL_SEEN (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+7))
402#define RXf_CANY_SEEN (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+8))
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403
404/* Special */
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405#define RXf_NOSCAN (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+9))
406#define RXf_CHECK_ALL (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+10))
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407
408/* UTF8 related */
0603fe5c 409#define RXf_MATCH_UTF8 (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+11)) /* $1 etc are utf8 */
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410
411/* Intuit related */
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412#define RXf_USE_INTUIT_NOML (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+12))
413#define RXf_USE_INTUIT_ML (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+13))
414#define RXf_INTUIT_TAIL (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+14))
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415#define RXf_USE_INTUIT (RXf_USE_INTUIT_NOML|RXf_USE_INTUIT_ML)
416
417/* Copy and tainted info */
e795e964 418#define RXf_COPY_DONE (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+16))
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419
420/* during execution: pattern temporarily tainted by executing locale ops;
421 * post-execution: $1 et al are tainted */
e795e964 422#define RXf_TAINTED_SEEN (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+17))
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423/* this pattern was tainted during compilation */
424#define RXf_TAINTED (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+18))
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425
426/* Flags indicating special patterns */
e795e964 427#define RXf_START_ONLY (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+19)) /* Pattern is /^/ */
dbc200c5 428#define RXf_SKIPWHITE (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+20)) /* Pattern is for a split " " */
e795e964 429#define RXf_WHITE (1<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+21)) /* Pattern is /\s+/ */
ca835a20 430#define RXf_NULL (1U<<(RXf_BASE_SHIFT+22)) /* Pattern is // */
e795e964 431#if RXf_BASE_SHIFT+22 > 31
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432# error Too many RXf_PMf bits used. See regnodes.h for any spare in middle
433#endif
c737faaf 434
cb5027f2 435/*
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436 * NOTE: if you modify any RXf flags you should run regen.pl or
437 * regen/regcomp.pl so that regnodes.h is updated with the changes.
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438 *
439 */
bbe252da 440
284167a5
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441#if NO_TAINT_SUPPORT
442# define RX_ISTAINTED(prog) 0
443# define RX_TAINT_on(prog) NOOP
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444# define RXp_MATCH_TAINTED(prog) 0
445# define RX_MATCH_TAINTED(prog) 0
446# define RXp_MATCH_TAINTED_on(prog) NOOP
447# define RX_MATCH_TAINTED_on(prog) NOOP
448# define RX_MATCH_TAINTED_off(prog) NOOP
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449#else
450# define RX_ISTAINTED(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_TAINTED)
451# define RX_TAINT_on(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) |= RXf_TAINTED)
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452# define RXp_MATCH_TAINTED(prog) (RXp_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_TAINTED_SEEN)
453# define RX_MATCH_TAINTED(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_TAINTED_SEEN)
454# define RXp_MATCH_TAINTED_on(prog) (RXp_EXTFLAGS(prog) |= RXf_TAINTED_SEEN)
455# define RX_MATCH_TAINTED_on(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) |= RXf_TAINTED_SEEN)
456# define RX_MATCH_TAINTED_off(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) &= ~RXf_TAINTED_SEEN)
284167a5
SM
457#endif
458
bbe252da 459#define RX_HAS_CUTGROUP(prog) ((prog)->intflags & PREGf_CUTGROUP_SEEN)
72311751
GS
460#define RX_MATCH_TAINTED_set(prog, t) ((t) \
461 ? RX_MATCH_TAINTED_on(prog) \
462 : RX_MATCH_TAINTED_off(prog))
c277df42 463
07bc277f
NC
464#define RXp_MATCH_COPIED(prog) (RXp_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_COPY_DONE)
465#define RX_MATCH_COPIED(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_COPY_DONE)
466#define RXp_MATCH_COPIED_on(prog) (RXp_EXTFLAGS(prog) |= RXf_COPY_DONE)
467#define RX_MATCH_COPIED_on(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) |= RXf_COPY_DONE)
468#define RXp_MATCH_COPIED_off(prog) (RXp_EXTFLAGS(prog) &= ~RXf_COPY_DONE)
469#define RX_MATCH_COPIED_off(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) &= ~RXf_COPY_DONE)
cf93c79d
IZ
470#define RX_MATCH_COPIED_set(prog,t) ((t) \
471 ? RX_MATCH_COPIED_on(prog) \
472 : RX_MATCH_COPIED_off(prog))
f9f4320a 473
07bc277f 474#define RXp_EXTFLAGS(rx) ((rx)->extflags)
dbc200c5 475#define RXp_COMPFLAGS(rx) ((rx)->compflags)
866c78d1 476
07bc277f 477/* For source compatibility. We used to store these explicitly. */
8d919b0a
FC
478#define RX_PRECOMP(prog) (RX_WRAPPED(prog) + ReANY(prog)->pre_prefix)
479#define RX_PRECOMP_const(prog) (RX_WRAPPED_const(prog) + ReANY(prog)->pre_prefix)
5509d87a
NC
480/* FIXME? Are we hardcoding too much here and constraining plugin extension
481 writers? Specifically, the value 1 assumes that the wrapped version always
482 has exactly one character at the end, a ')'. Will that always be true? */
8d919b0a
FC
483#define RX_PRELEN(prog) (RX_WRAPLEN(prog) - ReANY(prog)->pre_prefix - 1)
484#define RX_WRAPPED(prog) ReANY(prog)->xpv_len_u.xpvlenu_pv
485#define RX_WRAPPED_const(prog) ((const char *)RX_WRAPPED(prog))
9d17798d 486#define RX_WRAPLEN(prog) SvCUR(prog)
8d919b0a 487#define RX_CHECK_SUBSTR(prog) (ReANY(prog)->check_substr)
288b8c02 488#define RX_REFCNT(prog) SvREFCNT(prog)
8d919b0a 489#define RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) RXp_EXTFLAGS(ReANY(prog))
dbc200c5 490#define RX_COMPFLAGS(prog) RXp_COMPFLAGS(ReANY(prog))
8d919b0a
FC
491#define RX_ENGINE(prog) (ReANY(prog)->engine)
492#define RX_SUBBEG(prog) (ReANY(prog)->subbeg)
493#define RX_SUBOFFSET(prog) (ReANY(prog)->suboffset)
494#define RX_SUBCOFFSET(prog) (ReANY(prog)->subcoffset)
495#define RX_OFFS(prog) (ReANY(prog)->offs)
496#define RX_NPARENS(prog) (ReANY(prog)->nparens)
497#define RX_SUBLEN(prog) (ReANY(prog)->sublen)
498#define RX_MINLEN(prog) (ReANY(prog)->minlen)
499#define RX_MINLENRET(prog) (ReANY(prog)->minlenret)
500#define RX_GOFS(prog) (ReANY(prog)->gofs)
501#define RX_LASTPAREN(prog) (ReANY(prog)->lastparen)
502#define RX_LASTCLOSEPAREN(prog) (ReANY(prog)->lastcloseparen)
503#define RX_SAVED_COPY(prog) (ReANY(prog)->saved_copy)
03c83e26
DM
504/* last match was zero-length */
505#define RX_ZERO_LEN(prog) \
99a90e59
FC
506 (RX_OFFS(prog)[0].start + (SSize_t)RX_GOFS(prog) \
507 == RX_OFFS(prog)[0].end)
220fc49f 508
be8e71aa
YO
509#endif /* PLUGGABLE_RE_EXTENSION */
510
486ec47a 511/* Stuff that needs to be included in the pluggable extension goes below here */
be8e71aa 512
db2c6cb3 513#ifdef PERL_ANY_COW
ed252734 514#define RX_MATCH_COPY_FREE(rx) \
bdd9a1b1
NC
515 STMT_START {if (RX_SAVED_COPY(rx)) { \
516 SV_CHECK_THINKFIRST_COW_DROP(RX_SAVED_COPY(rx)); \
ed252734
NC
517 } \
518 if (RX_MATCH_COPIED(rx)) { \
07bc277f 519 Safefree(RX_SUBBEG(rx)); \
ed252734
NC
520 RX_MATCH_COPIED_off(rx); \
521 }} STMT_END
522#else
523#define RX_MATCH_COPY_FREE(rx) \
524 STMT_START {if (RX_MATCH_COPIED(rx)) { \
07bc277f 525 Safefree(RX_SUBBEG(rx)); \
ed252734
NC
526 RX_MATCH_COPIED_off(rx); \
527 }} STMT_END
528#endif
529
07bc277f
NC
530#define RXp_MATCH_UTF8(prog) (RXp_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_MATCH_UTF8)
531#define RX_MATCH_UTF8(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) & RXf_MATCH_UTF8)
532#define RX_MATCH_UTF8_on(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) |= RXf_MATCH_UTF8)
533#define RX_MATCH_UTF8_off(prog) (RX_EXTFLAGS(prog) &= ~RXf_MATCH_UTF8)
a30b2f1f 534#define RX_MATCH_UTF8_set(prog, t) ((t) \
0603fe5c
DM
535 ? RX_MATCH_UTF8_on(prog) \
536 : RX_MATCH_UTF8_off(prog))
efd26800
NC
537
538/* Whether the pattern stored at RX_WRAPPED is in UTF-8 */
8f6ae13c 539#define RX_UTF8(prog) SvUTF8(prog)
7948fc08 540
a340edde
DM
541
542/* bits in flags arg of Perl_regexec_flags() */
543
544#define REXEC_COPY_STR 0x01 /* Need to copy the string for captures. */
545#define REXEC_CHECKED 0x02 /* re_intuit_start() already called. */
546#define REXEC_SCREAM 0x04 /* currently unused. */
547#define REXEC_IGNOREPOS 0x08 /* use stringarg, not pos(), for \G match */
548#define REXEC_NOT_FIRST 0x10 /* This is another iteration of //g:
549 no need to copy string again */
550
551 /* under REXEC_COPY_STR, it's ok for the
552 engine (modulo PL_sawamperand etc)
553 to skip copying: ... */
554#define REXEC_COPY_SKIP_PRE 0x20 /* ...the $` part of the string, or */
555#define REXEC_COPY_SKIP_POST 0x40 /* ...the $' part of the string */
d5e7783a
DM
556#define REXEC_FAIL_ON_UNDERFLOW 0x80 /* fail the match if $& would start before
557 the start pos (so s/.\G// would fail
558 on second iteration */
c277df42 559
7fe44985 560#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN)
288b8c02
NC
561# define ReREFCNT_inc(re) \
562 ({ \
563 /* This is here to generate a casting warning if incorrect. */ \
7948fc08
RU
564 REGEXP *const _rerefcnt_inc = (re); \
565 assert(SvTYPE(_rerefcnt_inc) == SVt_REGEXP); \
566 SvREFCNT_inc(_rerefcnt_inc); \
567 _rerefcnt_inc; \
288b8c02
NC
568 })
569# define ReREFCNT_dec(re) \
570 ({ \
571 /* This is here to generate a casting warning if incorrect. */ \
7948fc08
RU
572 REGEXP *const _rerefcnt_dec = (re); \
573 SvREFCNT_dec(_rerefcnt_dec); \
288b8c02
NC
574 })
575#else
576# define ReREFCNT_dec(re) SvREFCNT_dec(re)
b7e0bd9e 577# define ReREFCNT_inc(re) ((REGEXP *) SvREFCNT_inc(re))
288b8c02 578#endif
8d919b0a 579#define ReANY(re) S_ReANY((const REGEXP *)(re))
288b8c02
NC
580
581/* FIXME for plugins. */
cf93c79d
IZ
582
583#define FBMcf_TAIL_DOLLAR 1
cad2e5aa
JH
584#define FBMcf_TAIL_DOLLARM 2
585#define FBMcf_TAIL_Z 4
586#define FBMcf_TAIL_z 8
587#define FBMcf_TAIL (FBMcf_TAIL_DOLLAR|FBMcf_TAIL_DOLLARM|FBMcf_TAIL_Z|FBMcf_TAIL_z)
cf93c79d
IZ
588
589#define FBMrf_MULTILINE 1
cad2e5aa 590
331b2dcc
DM
591struct regmatch_state;
592struct regmatch_slab;
8adc0f72 593
bf2039a9
DM
594/* like regmatch_info_aux, but contains extra fields only needed if the
595 * pattern contains (?{}). If used, is snuck into the second slot in the
596 * regmatch_state stack at the start of execution */
8adc0f72
DM
597
598typedef struct {
599 regexp *rex;
600 PMOP *curpm; /* saved PL_curpm */
601#ifdef PERL_ANY_COW
602 SV *saved_copy; /* saved saved_copy field from rex */
603#endif
604 char *subbeg; /* saved subbeg field from rex */
605 STRLEN sublen; /* saved sublen field from rex */
606 STRLEN suboffset; /* saved suboffset field from rex */
607 STRLEN subcoffset; /* saved subcoffset field from rex */
608 MAGIC *pos_magic; /* pos() magic attached to $_ */
ea3daa5d 609 SSize_t pos; /* the original value of pos() in pos_magic */
25fdce4a 610 U8 pos_flags; /* flags to be restored; currently only MGf_BYTES*/
bf2039a9
DM
611} regmatch_info_aux_eval;
612
613
614/* fields that logically live in regmatch_info, but which need cleaning
615 * up on croak(), and so are instead are snuck into the first slot in
616 * the regmatch_state stack at the start of execution */
617
618typedef struct {
619 regmatch_info_aux_eval *info_aux_eval;
331b2dcc
DM
620 struct regmatch_state *old_regmatch_state; /* saved PL_regmatch_state */
621 struct regmatch_slab *old_regmatch_slab; /* saved PL_regmatch_slab */
2ac8ff4b 622 char *poscache; /* S-L cache of fail positions of WHILEMs */
bf2039a9
DM
623} regmatch_info_aux;
624
8adc0f72 625
3b0527fe 626/* some basic information about the current match that is created by
bf2039a9
DM
627 * Perl_regexec_flags and then passed to regtry(), regmatch() etc.
628 * It is allocated as a local var on the stack, so nothing should be
629 * stored in it that needs preserving or clearing up on croak().
630 * For that, see the aux_info and aux_info_eval members of the
631 * regmatch_state union. */
3b0527fe
DM
632
633typedef struct {
28d03b21 634 REGEXP *prog; /* the regex being executed */
9d9163fb 635 const char * strbeg; /* real start of string */
28d03b21
DM
636 char *strend; /* one byte beyond last char of match string */
637 char *till; /* matches shorter than this fail (see minlen arg) */
638 SV *sv; /* the SV string currently being matched */
639 char *ganch; /* position of \G anchor */
640 char *cutpoint; /* (*COMMIT) position (if any) */
bf2039a9
DM
641 regmatch_info_aux *info_aux; /* extra fields that need cleanup */
642 regmatch_info_aux_eval *info_aux_eval; /* extra saved state for (?{}) */
1cb48e53
DM
643 I32 poscache_maxiter; /* how many whilems todo before S-L cache kicks in */
644 I32 poscache_iter; /* current countdown from _maxiter to zero */
2ac8ff4b 645 STRLEN poscache_size; /* size of regmatch_info_aux.poscache */
02d5137b 646 bool intuit; /* re_intuit_start() is the top-level caller */
ba44c216
DM
647 bool is_utf8_pat; /* regex is utf8 */
648 bool is_utf8_target; /* string being matched is utf8 */
39819bd9 649 bool warned; /* we have issued a recursion warning; no need for more */
3b0527fe
DM
650} regmatch_info;
651
5d9a96ca
DM
652
653/* structures for holding and saving the state maintained by regmatch() */
654
d56b3014 655#ifndef MAX_RECURSE_EVAL_NOCHANGE_DEPTH
4b196cd4 656#define MAX_RECURSE_EVAL_NOCHANGE_DEPTH 1000
d56b3014 657#endif
6bda09f9 658
5d9a96ca
DM
659typedef I32 CHECKPOINT;
660
a0374537 661typedef struct regmatch_state {
40a82448 662 int resume_state; /* where to jump to on return */
24d3c4a9 663 char *locinput; /* where to backtrack in string on failure */
e822a8b4
DM
664
665 union {
77cb431f 666
bf2039a9
DM
667 /* the 'info_aux' and 'info_aux_eval' union members are cuckoos in
668 * the nest. They aren't saved backtrack state; rather they
669 * represent one or two extra chunks of data that need allocating
670 * at the start of a match. These fields would logically live in
671 * the regmatch_info struct, except that is allocated on the
672 * C stack, and these fields are all things that require cleanup
673 * after a croak(), when the stack is lost.
674 * As a convenience, we just use the first 1 or 2 regmatch_state
675 * slots to store this info, as we will be allocating a slab of
676 * these anyway. Otherwise we'd have to malloc and then free them,
677 * or allocate them on the save stack (where they will get
678 * realloced if the save stack grows).
679 * info_aux contains the extra fields that are always needed;
680 * info_aux_eval contains extra fields that only needed if
681 * the pattern contains code blocks
682 * We split them into two separate structs to avoid increasing
683 * the size of the union.
684 */
685
686 regmatch_info_aux info_aux;
687
688 regmatch_info_aux_eval info_aux_eval;
689
77cb431f
DM
690 /* this is a fake union member that matches the first element
691 * of each member that needs to store positive backtrack
692 * information */
693 struct {
694 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
695 } yes;
696
fae667d5
YO
697 /* branchlike members */
698 /* this is a fake union member that matches the first elements
699 * of each member that needs to behave like a branch */
700 struct {
5d458dd8
YO
701 /* this first element must match u.yes */
702 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
fae667d5 703 U32 lastparen;
f6033a9d 704 U32 lastcloseparen;
fae667d5
YO
705 CHECKPOINT cp;
706
707 } branchlike;
708
709 struct {
710 /* the first elements must match u.branchlike */
711 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
712 U32 lastparen;
f6033a9d 713 U32 lastcloseparen;
fae667d5
YO
714 CHECKPOINT cp;
715
716 regnode *next_branch; /* next branch node */
717 } branch;
718
719 struct {
720 /* the first elements must match u.branchlike */
721 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
722 U32 lastparen;
f6033a9d 723 U32 lastcloseparen;
fae667d5
YO
724 CHECKPOINT cp;
725
2e64971a 726 U32 accepted; /* how many accepting states left */
6603fe3e 727 bool longfold;/* saw a fold with a 1->n char mapping */
7f69552c 728 U16 *jump; /* positive offsets from me */
7f69552c 729 regnode *me; /* Which node am I - needed for jump tries*/
2e64971a
DM
730 U8 *firstpos;/* pos in string of first trie match */
731 U32 firstchars;/* len in chars of firstpos from start */
732 U16 nextword;/* next word to try */
733 U16 topword; /* longest accepted word */
e822a8b4
DM
734 } trie;
735
fae667d5
YO
736 /* special types - these members are used to store state for special
737 regops like eval, if/then, lookaround and the markpoint state */
e822a8b4 738 struct {
77cb431f
DM
739 /* this first element must match u.yes */
740 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
faec1544
DM
741 struct regmatch_state *prev_eval;
742 struct regmatch_state *prev_curlyx;
288b8c02 743 REGEXP *prev_rex;
aa283a38
DM
744 CHECKPOINT cp; /* remember current savestack indexes */
745 CHECKPOINT lastcp;
6bda09f9 746 U32 close_paren; /* which close bracket is our end */
1b5c067c 747 regnode *B; /* the node following us */
e822a8b4
DM
748 } eval;
749
750 struct {
c476f425 751 /* this first element must match u.yes */
262b90c4 752 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
fae667d5
YO
753 I32 wanted;
754 I32 logical; /* saved copy of 'logical' var */
755 regnode *me; /* the IFMATCH/SUSPEND/UNLESSM node */
756 } ifmatch; /* and SUSPEND/UNLESSM */
757
758 struct {
759 /* this first element must match u.yes */
760 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
761 struct regmatch_state *prev_mark;
762 SV* mark_name;
763 char *mark_loc;
764 } mark;
765
766 struct {
767 int val;
768 } keeper;
769
770 /* quantifiers - these members are used for storing state for
771 for the regops used to implement quantifiers */
772 struct {
773 /* this first element must match u.yes */
774 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
c476f425 775 struct regmatch_state *prev_curlyx; /* previous cur_curlyx */
d02d6d97
DM
776 regnode *me; /* the CURLYX node */
777 regnode *B; /* the B node in /A*B/ */
c476f425
DM
778 CHECKPOINT cp; /* remember current savestack index */
779 bool minmod;
a0374537 780 int parenfloor;/* how far back to strip paren data */
c476f425
DM
781
782 /* these two are modified by WHILEM */
783 int count; /* how many instances of A we've matched */
784 char *lastloc;/* where previous A matched (0-len detect) */
e822a8b4
DM
785 } curlyx;
786
787 struct {
c476f425 788 /* this first element must match u.yes */
262b90c4 789 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
c476f425
DM
790 struct regmatch_state *save_curlyx;
791 CHECKPOINT cp; /* remember current savestack indexes */
792 CHECKPOINT lastcp;
793 char *save_lastloc; /* previous curlyx.lastloc */
794 I32 cache_offset;
795 I32 cache_mask;
e822a8b4
DM
796 } whilem;
797
798 struct {
5d458dd8
YO
799 /* this first element must match u.yes */
800 struct regmatch_state *prev_yes_state;
79a2a0e8 801 int c1, c2; /* case fold search */
40a82448 802 CHECKPOINT cp;
f6033a9d
DM
803 U32 lastparen;
804 U32 lastcloseparen;
40a82448
DM
805 I32 alen; /* length of first-matched A string */
806 I32 count;
0cadcf80 807 bool minmod;
40a82448
DM
808 regnode *A, *B; /* the nodes corresponding to /A*B/ */
809 regnode *me; /* the curlym node */
79a2a0e8
KW
810 U8 c1_utf8[UTF8_MAXBYTES+1]; /* */
811 U8 c2_utf8[UTF8_MAXBYTES+1];
e822a8b4
DM
812 } curlym;
813
814 struct {
3b6647e0 815 U32 paren;
c255a977 816 CHECKPOINT cp;
f6033a9d
DM
817 U32 lastparen;
818 U32 lastcloseparen;
79a2a0e8 819 int c1, c2; /* case fold search */
c255a977
DM
820 char *maxpos; /* highest possible point in string to match */
821 char *oldloc; /* the previous locinput */
e822a8b4 822 int count;
c255a977
DM
823 int min, max; /* {m,n} */
824 regnode *A, *B; /* the nodes corresponding to /A*B/ */
79a2a0e8
KW
825 U8 c1_utf8[UTF8_MAXBYTES+1]; /* */
826 U8 c2_utf8[UTF8_MAXBYTES+1];
c255a977 827 } curly; /* and CURLYN/PLUS/STAR */
dad79028 828
d8319b27 829 } u;
5d9a96ca
DM
830} regmatch_state;
831
832/* how many regmatch_state structs to allocate as a single slab.
833 * We do it in 4K blocks for efficiency. The "3" is 2 for the next/prev
834 * pointers, plus 1 for any mythical malloc overhead. */
835
836#define PERL_REGMATCH_SLAB_SLOTS \
837 ((4096 - 3 * sizeof (void*)) / sizeof(regmatch_state))
838
839typedef struct regmatch_slab {
840 regmatch_state states[PERL_REGMATCH_SLAB_SLOTS];
841 struct regmatch_slab *prev, *next;
842} regmatch_slab;
1ade1aa1 843
46ab3289 844
cde0cee5 845
1ade1aa1
NC
846/*
847 * Local variables:
848 * c-indentation-style: bsd
849 * c-basic-offset: 4
14d04a33 850 * indent-tabs-mode: nil
1ade1aa1
NC
851 * End:
852 *
14d04a33 853 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 et:
1ade1aa1 854 */