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a0d0e21e 1/* handy.h
a687059c 2 *
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3 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000,
4 * 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 by Larry Wall and others
a687059c 5 *
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6 * You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
7 * License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
8d063cd8 8 *
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9 */
10
85e6fe83 11#if !defined(__STDC__)
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12#ifdef NULL
13#undef NULL
14#endif
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15#ifndef I286
16# define NULL 0
17#else
18# define NULL 0L
19#endif
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20#endif
21
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22#ifndef PERL_CORE
23# define Null(type) ((type)NULL)
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24
25/*
ccfc67b7 26=head1 Handy Values
954c1994 27
3609ea0d 28=for apidoc AmU||Nullch
24792b8d 29Null character pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
2307c6d0 30
954c1994 31=for apidoc AmU||Nullsv
24792b8d 32Null SV pointer. (No longer available when C<PERL_CORE> is defined.)
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33
34=cut
35*/
36
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37# define Nullch Null(char*)
38# define Nullfp Null(PerlIO*)
39# define Nullsv Null(SV*)
40#endif
8d063cd8 41
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42#ifdef TRUE
43#undef TRUE
44#endif
45#ifdef FALSE
46#undef FALSE
47#endif
48#define TRUE (1)
49#define FALSE (0)
50
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51/* The MUTABLE_*() macros cast pointers to the types shown, in such a way
52 * (compiler permitting) that casting away const-ness will give a warning;
53 * e.g.:
54 *
55 * const SV *sv = ...;
56 * AV *av1 = (AV*)sv; <== BAD: the const has been silently cast away
57 * AV *av2 = MUTABLE_AV(sv); <== GOOD: it may warn
58 */
59
b1bc3f34 60#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(PERL_GCC_BRACE_GROUPS_FORBIDDEN)
f065df04 61# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ({ void *_p = (p); _p; })
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62#else
63# define MUTABLE_PTR(p) ((void *) (p))
64#endif
65
a062e10d 66#define MUTABLE_AV(p) ((AV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
ea726b52 67#define MUTABLE_CV(p) ((CV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
159b6efe 68#define MUTABLE_GV(p) ((GV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
dbebbdb4 69#define MUTABLE_HV(p) ((HV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
a45c7426 70#define MUTABLE_IO(p) ((IO *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
b1bc3f34 71#define MUTABLE_SV(p) ((SV *)MUTABLE_PTR(p))
27d4fb96 72
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73#ifdef I_STDBOOL
74# include <stdbool.h>
75# ifndef HAS_BOOL
76# define HAS_BOOL 1
77# endif
78#endif
79
8e84507e 80/* bool is built-in for g++-2.6.3 and later, which might be used
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81 for extensions. <_G_config.h> defines _G_HAVE_BOOL, but we can't
82 be sure _G_config.h will be included before this file. _G_config.h
8e84507e 83 also defines _G_HAVE_BOOL for both gcc and g++, but only g++
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84 actually has bool. Hence, _G_HAVE_BOOL is pretty useless for us.
85 g++ can be identified by __GNUG__.
86 Andy Dougherty February 2000
5d94fbed 87*/
3609ea0d 88#ifdef __GNUG__ /* GNU g++ has bool built-in */
5d94fbed 89# ifndef HAS_BOOL
c1d22f6b 90# define HAS_BOOL 1
5d94fbed 91# endif
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92#endif
93
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94/* The NeXT dynamic loader headers will not build with the bool macro
95 So declare them now to clear confusion.
96*/
8f1f23e8 97#if defined(NeXT) || defined(__NeXT__)
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98# undef FALSE
99# undef TRUE
100 typedef enum bool { FALSE = 0, TRUE = 1 } bool;
101# define ENUM_BOOL 1
102# ifndef HAS_BOOL
103# define HAS_BOOL 1
104# endif /* !HAS_BOOL */
8f1f23e8 105#endif /* NeXT || __NeXT__ */
641d3f0b 106
5d94fbed 107#ifndef HAS_BOOL
61bb5906 108# if defined(UTS) || defined(VMS)
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109# define bool int
110# else
111# define bool char
112# endif
c1d22f6b 113# define HAS_BOOL 1
a687059c 114#endif
0d3e774c 115
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116/* a simple (bool) cast may not do the right thing: if bool is defined
117 * as char for example, then the cast from int is implementation-defined
18f5643b 118 * (bool)!!(cbool) in a ternary triggers a bug in xlc on AIX
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119 */
120
18f5643b 121#define cBOOL(cbool) ((cbool) ? (bool)1 : (bool)0)
f2338a2e 122
46c6c7e2 123/* Try to figure out __func__ or __FUNCTION__ equivalent, if any.
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124 * XXX Should really be a Configure probe, with HAS__FUNCTION__
125 * and FUNCTION__ as results.
126 * XXX Similarly, a Configure probe for __FILE__ and __LINE__ is needed. */
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127#if (defined(__STDC_VERSION__) && __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L) || (defined(__SUNPRO_C)) /* C99 or close enough. */
128# define FUNCTION__ __func__
129#else
130# if (defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER < 1300) || /* Pre-MSVC 7.0 has neither __func__ nor __FUNCTION and no good workarounds, either. */ \
be73ebb0 131 (defined(__DECC_VER)) /* Tru64 or VMS, and strict C89 being used, but not modern enough cc (in Tur64, -c99 not known, only -std1). */
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132# define FUNCTION__ ""
133# else
134# define FUNCTION__ __FUNCTION__ /* Common extension. */
135# endif
136#endif
137
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138/* XXX A note on the perl source internal type system. The
139 original intent was that I32 be *exactly* 32 bits.
140
141 Currently, we only guarantee that I32 is *at least* 32 bits.
142 Specifically, if int is 64 bits, then so is I32. (This is the case
143 for the Cray.) This has the advantage of meshing nicely with
144 standard library calls (where we pass an I32 and the library is
145 expecting an int), but the disadvantage that an I32 is not 32 bits.
146 Andy Dougherty August 1996
24fef2a7 147
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148 There is no guarantee that there is *any* integral type with
149 exactly 32 bits. It is perfectly legal for a system to have
150 sizeof(short) == sizeof(int) == sizeof(long) == 8.
693762b4 151
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152 Similarly, there is no guarantee that I16 and U16 have exactly 16
153 bits.
693762b4 154
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155 For dealing with issues that may arise from various 32/64-bit
156 systems, we will ask Configure to check out
8175356b 157
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158 SHORTSIZE == sizeof(short)
159 INTSIZE == sizeof(int)
160 LONGSIZE == sizeof(long)
dc45a647 161 LONGLONGSIZE == sizeof(long long) (if HAS_LONG_LONG)
3609ea0d 162 PTRSIZE == sizeof(void *)
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163 DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(double)
164 LONG_DOUBLESIZE == sizeof(long double) (if HAS_LONG_DOUBLE).
8175356b 165
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166*/
167
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168#ifdef I_INTTYPES /* e.g. Linux has int64_t without <inttypes.h> */
169# include <inttypes.h>
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170# ifdef INT32_MIN_BROKEN
171# undef INT32_MIN
172# define INT32_MIN (-2147483647-1)
173# endif
174# ifdef INT64_MIN_BROKEN
175# undef INT64_MIN
176# define INT64_MIN (-9223372036854775807LL-1)
177# endif
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178#endif
179
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180typedef I8TYPE I8;
181typedef U8TYPE U8;
182typedef I16TYPE I16;
183typedef U16TYPE U16;
184typedef I32TYPE I32;
185typedef U32TYPE U32;
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186#ifdef PERL_CORE
187# ifdef HAS_QUAD
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188typedef I64TYPE I64;
189typedef U64TYPE U64;
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190# endif
191#endif /* PERL_CORE */
8175356b 192
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193#if defined(HAS_QUAD) && defined(USE_64_BIT_INT)
194# ifndef UINT64_C /* usually from <inttypes.h> */
195# if defined(HAS_LONG_LONG) && QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG_LONG
196# define INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,LL)
197# define UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,ULL)
198# else
199# if LONGSIZE == 8 && QUADKIND == QUAD_IS_LONG
200# define INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,L)
201# define UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UL)
202# else
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203# if defined(_WIN64) && defined(_MSC_VER)
204# define INT64_C(c) CAT2(c,I64)
205# define UINT64_C(c) CAT2(c,UI64)
206# else
207# define INT64_C(c) ((I64TYPE)(c))
208# define UINT64_C(c) ((U64TYPE)(c))
209# endif
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210# endif
211# endif
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212# endif
213#endif
dc750f2e 214
d8668976 215#if defined(UINT8_MAX) && defined(INT16_MAX) && defined(INT32_MAX)
5ff3f7a4 216
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217/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
218 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
219#define U8_MAX UINT8_MAX
220#define U8_MIN UINT8_MIN
221
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222#define I16_MAX INT16_MAX
223#define I16_MIN INT16_MIN
224#define U16_MAX UINT16_MAX
225#define U16_MIN UINT16_MIN
226
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227#define I32_MAX INT32_MAX
228#define I32_MIN INT32_MIN
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229#ifndef UINT32_MAX_BROKEN /* e.g. HP-UX with gcc messes this up */
230# define U32_MAX UINT32_MAX
231#else
232# define U32_MAX 4294967295U
233#endif
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234#define U32_MIN UINT32_MIN
235
236#else
237
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238/* I8_MAX and I8_MIN constants are not defined, as I8 is an ambiguous type.
239 Please search CHAR_MAX in perl.h for further details. */
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240#define U8_MAX PERL_UCHAR_MAX
241#define U8_MIN PERL_UCHAR_MIN
79072805 242
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243#define I16_MAX PERL_SHORT_MAX
244#define I16_MIN PERL_SHORT_MIN
245#define U16_MAX PERL_USHORT_MAX
246#define U16_MIN PERL_USHORT_MIN
79072805 247
c4f23d77 248#if LONGSIZE > 4
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249# define I32_MAX PERL_INT_MAX
250# define I32_MIN PERL_INT_MIN
251# define U32_MAX PERL_UINT_MAX
252# define U32_MIN PERL_UINT_MIN
79072805 253#else
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254# define I32_MAX PERL_LONG_MAX
255# define I32_MIN PERL_LONG_MIN
256# define U32_MAX PERL_ULONG_MAX
257# define U32_MIN PERL_ULONG_MIN
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258#endif
259
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260#endif
261
58a9a5d5 262/* log(2) is pretty close to 0.30103, just in case anyone is grepping for it */
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263#define BIT_DIGITS(N) (((N)*146)/485 + 1) /* log2(10) =~ 146/485 */
264#define TYPE_DIGITS(T) BIT_DIGITS(sizeof(T) * 8)
265#define TYPE_CHARS(T) (TYPE_DIGITS(T) + 2) /* sign, NUL */
266
ff68c719 267#define Ctl(ch) ((ch) & 037)
8d063cd8 268
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269/*
270=head1 SV-Body Allocation
271
272=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs|const char* s
273Like C<newSVpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
274
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275=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_flags|const char* s|U32 flags
276Like C<newSVpvn_flags>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length
277pair.
278
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279=for apidoc Ama|SV*|newSVpvs_share|const char* s
280Like C<newSVpvn_share>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length
281pair and omits the hash parameter.
282
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283=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_flags|SV* sv|const char* s|I32 flags
284Like C<sv_catpvn_flags>, but takes a literal string instead of a
285string/length pair.
286
287=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_nomg|SV* sv|const char* s
288Like C<sv_catpvn_nomg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
289string/length pair.
290
7b4e7469 291=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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292Like C<sv_catpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
293
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294=for apidoc Am|void|sv_catpvs_mg|SV* sv|const char* s
295Like C<sv_catpvn_mg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
296string/length pair.
297
7b4e7469 298=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs|SV* sv|const char* s
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299Like C<sv_setpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
300
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301=for apidoc Am|void|sv_setpvs_mg|SV* sv|const char* s
302Like C<sv_setpvn_mg>, but takes a literal string instead of a
303string/length pair.
304
305=for apidoc Am|SV *|sv_setref_pvs|const char* s
306Like C<sv_setref_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
307string/length pair.
308
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309=head1 Memory Management
310
311=for apidoc Ama|char*|savepvs|const char* s
312Like C<savepvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
313
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314=for apidoc Ama|char*|savesharedpvs|const char* s
315A version of C<savepvs()> which allocates the duplicate string in memory
316which is shared between threads.
317
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318=head1 GV Functions
319
320=for apidoc Am|HV*|gv_stashpvs|const char* name|I32 create
321Like C<gv_stashpvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
322
323=head1 Hash Manipulation Functions
324
325=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_fetchs|HV* tb|const char* key|I32 lval
326Like C<hv_fetch>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair.
327
328=for apidoc Am|SV**|hv_stores|HV* tb|const char* key|NULLOK SV* val
329Like C<hv_store>, but takes a literal string instead of a string/length pair
330and omits the hash parameter.
331
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332=head1 Lexer interface
333
334=for apidoc Amx|void|lex_stuff_pvs|const char *pv|U32 flags
335
336Like L</lex_stuff_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead of a
337string/length pair.
338
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339=cut
340*/
341
65177ae0 342/* concatenating with "" ensures that only literal strings are accepted as argument */
26bfd924 343#define STR_WITH_LEN(s) ("" s ""), (sizeof(s)-1)
2efa8cc7 344
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345/* note that STR_WITH_LEN() can't be used as argument to macros or functions that
346 * under some configurations might be macros, which means that it requires the full
347 * Perl_xxx(aTHX_ ...) form for any API calls where it's used.
348 */
349
350/* STR_WITH_LEN() shortcuts */
351#define newSVpvs(str) Perl_newSVpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
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352#define newSVpvs_flags(str,flags) \
353 Perl_newSVpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
ba3a79e7 354#define newSVpvs_share(str) Perl_newSVpvn_share(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
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355#define sv_catpvs_flags(sv, str, flags) \
356 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), flags)
357#define sv_catpvs_nomg(sv, str) \
358 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), 0)
359#define sv_catpvs(sv, str) \
360 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC)
361#define sv_catpvs_mg(sv, str) \
362 Perl_sv_catpvn_flags(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), SV_GMAGIC|SV_SMAGIC)
3fe05580 363#define sv_setpvs(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
9dcc53ea
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364#define sv_setpvs_mg(sv, str) Perl_sv_setpvn_mg(aTHX_ sv, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
365#define sv_setref_pvs(rv, classname, str) \
366 Perl_sv_setref_pvn(aTHX_ rv, classname, STR_WITH_LEN(str))
ba3a79e7 367#define savepvs(str) Perl_savepvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
9dcc53ea
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368#define savesharedpvs(str) Perl_savesharedpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str))
369#define gv_stashpvs(str, create) \
370 Perl_gv_stashpvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), create)
371#define gv_fetchpvs(namebeg, add, sv_type) \
372 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(namebeg), add, sv_type)
373#define gv_fetchpvn(namebeg, len, add, sv_type) \
374 Perl_gv_fetchpvn_flags(aTHX_ namebeg, len, add, sv_type)
375#define sv_catxmlpvs(dsv, str, utf8) \
376 Perl_sv_catxmlpvn(aTHX_ dsv, STR_WITH_LEN(str), utf8)
a038e571
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377#define hv_fetchs(hv,key,lval) \
378 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
379 (lval) ? (HV_FETCH_JUST_SV | HV_FETCH_LVALUE) \
380 : HV_FETCH_JUST_SV, NULL, 0))
381
382#define hv_stores(hv,key,val) \
383 ((SV **)Perl_hv_common(aTHX_ (hv), NULL, STR_WITH_LEN(key), 0, \
384 (HV_FETCH_ISSTORE|HV_FETCH_JUST_SV), (val), 0))
ba3a79e7 385
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386#define lex_stuff_pvs(pv,flags) Perl_lex_stuff_pvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(pv), flags)
387
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388#define get_cvs(str, flags) \
389 Perl_get_cvn_flags(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(str), (flags))
5c1737d1 390
954c1994 391/*
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392=head1 Miscellaneous Functions
393
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394=for apidoc Am|bool|strNE|char* s1|char* s2
395Test two strings to see if they are different. Returns true or
396false.
397
398=for apidoc Am|bool|strEQ|char* s1|char* s2
399Test two strings to see if they are equal. Returns true or false.
400
401=for apidoc Am|bool|strLT|char* s1|char* s2
402Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than the second,
403C<s2>. Returns true or false.
404
405=for apidoc Am|bool|strLE|char* s1|char* s2
406Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is less than or equal to the
407second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
408
409=for apidoc Am|bool|strGT|char* s1|char* s2
410Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than the second,
411C<s2>. Returns true or false.
412
413=for apidoc Am|bool|strGE|char* s1|char* s2
414Test two strings to see if the first, C<s1>, is greater than or equal to
415the second, C<s2>. Returns true or false.
416
417=for apidoc Am|bool|strnNE|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
418Test two strings to see if they are different. The C<len> parameter
419indicates the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A
420wrapper for C<strncmp>).
421
422=for apidoc Am|bool|strnEQ|char* s1|char* s2|STRLEN len
423Test two strings to see if they are equal. The C<len> parameter indicates
424the number of bytes to compare. Returns true or false. (A wrapper for
425C<strncmp>).
426
427=cut
428*/
429
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430#define strNE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2))
431#define strEQ(s1,s2) (!strcmp(s1,s2))
432#define strLT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) < 0)
433#define strLE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) <= 0)
434#define strGT(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) > 0)
435#define strGE(s1,s2) (strcmp(s1,s2) >= 0)
436#define strnNE(s1,s2,l) (strncmp(s1,s2,l))
437#define strnEQ(s1,s2,l) (!strncmp(s1,s2,l))
378cc40b 438
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PP
439#ifdef HAS_MEMCMP
440# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (memcmp(s1,s2,l))
441# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!memcmp(s1,s2,l))
442#else
443# define memNE(s1,s2,l) (bcmp(s1,s2,l))
444# define memEQ(s1,s2,l) (!bcmp(s1,s2,l))
445#endif
446
568a785a 447#define memEQs(s1, l, s2) \
8e6497b6 448 (sizeof(s2)-1 == l && memEQ(s1, ("" s2 ""), (sizeof(s2)-1)))
568a785a
NC
449#define memNEs(s1, l, s2) !memEQs(s1, l, s2)
450
bbce6d69
PP
451/*
452 * Character classes.
453 *
454 * Unfortunately, the introduction of locales means that we
455 * can't trust isupper(), etc. to tell the truth. And when
456 * it comes to /\w+/ with tainting enabled, we *must* be able
457 * to trust our character classes.
458 *
459 * Therefore, the default tests in the text of Perl will be
460 * independent of locale. Any code that wants to depend on
461 * the current locale will use the tests that begin with "lc".
462 */
463
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AD
464#ifdef HAS_SETLOCALE /* XXX Is there a better test for this? */
465# ifndef CTYPE256
466# define CTYPE256
467# endif
468#endif
469
954c1994 470/*
ccfc67b7
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471
472=head1 Character classes
8a58bdcf
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473There are three variants for all the functions in this section. The base ones
474operate using the character set of the platform Perl is running on. The ones
475with an C<_A> suffix operate on the ASCII character set, and the ones with an
476C<_L1> suffix operate on the full Latin1 character set. All are unaffected by
181ab5fd 477locale and by C<use bytes>.
8a58bdcf
KW
478
479For ASCII platforms, the base function with no suffix and the one with the
480C<_A> suffix are identical. The function with the C<_L1> suffix imposes the
481Latin-1 character set onto the platform. That is, the code points that are
482ASCII are unaffected, since ASCII is a subset of Latin-1. But the non-ASCII
483code points are treated as if they are Latin-1 characters. For example,
484C<isSPACE_L1()> will return true when called with the code point 0xA0, which is
485the Latin-1 NO-BREAK SPACE.
486
487For EBCDIC platforms, the base function with no suffix and the one with the
488C<_L1> suffix should be identical, since, as of this writing, the EBCDIC code
489pages that Perl knows about all are equivalent to Latin-1. The function that
490ends in an C<_A> suffix will not return true unless the specified character also
491has an ASCII equivalent.
ccfc67b7 492
954c1994 493=for apidoc Am|bool|isALPHA|char ch
2787a470 494Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
06dc89af 495alphabetic character in the platform's native character set.
8a58bdcf
KW
496See the L<top of this section|/Character classes> for an explanation of variants
497C<isALPHA_A> and C<isALPHA_L1>.
498
499=for apidoc Am|bool|isASCII|char ch
500Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is one of the 128
501characters in the ASCII character set. On non-ASCII platforms, it is if this
502character corresponds to an ASCII character. Variants C<isASCII_A()> and
503C<isASCII_L1()> are identical to C<isASCII()>.
954c1994 504
954c1994 505=for apidoc Am|bool|isDIGIT|char ch
2787a470 506Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
06dc89af 507digit in the platform's native character set.
8a58bdcf 508Variants C<isDIGIT_A> and C<isDIGIT_L1> are identical to C<isDIGIT>.
954c1994 509
0c82b6df 510=for apidoc Am|bool|isLOWER|char ch
2787a470 511Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
0c82b6df 512lowercase character in the platform's native character set.
8a58bdcf
KW
513See the L<top of this section|/Character classes> for an explanation of variants
514C<isLOWER_A> and C<isLOWER_L1>.
0c82b6df 515
c99e91e9 516=for apidoc Am|bool|isOCTAL|char ch
2787a470 517Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
06dc89af 518octal digit, [0-7] in the platform's native character set.
8a58bdcf 519Variants C<isOCTAL_A> and C<isOCTAL_L1> are identical to C<isOCTAL>.
c99e91e9 520
0c82b6df 521=for apidoc Am|bool|isSPACE|char ch
2787a470 522Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
8a58bdcf
KW
523whitespace character in the platform's native character set. This is the same
524as what C<\s> matches in a regular expression.
525See the L<top of this section|/Character classes> for an explanation of variants
526C<isSPACE_A> and C<isSPACE_L1>.
0c82b6df 527
954c1994 528=for apidoc Am|bool|isUPPER|char ch
2787a470 529Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is an
06dc89af 530uppercase character in the platform's native character set.
8a58bdcf
KW
531See the L<top of this section|/Character classes> for an explanation of variants
532C<isUPPER_A> and C<isUPPER_L1>.
954c1994 533
8eea39dd
KW
534=for apidoc Am|bool|isWORDCHAR|char ch
535Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a
536character that is any of: alphabetic, numeric, or an underscore. This is the
537same as what C<\w> matches in a regular expression.
538C<isALNUM()> is a synonym provided for backward compatibility. Note that it
539does not have the standard C language meaning of alphanumeric, since it matches
540an underscore and the standard meaning does not.
8a58bdcf
KW
541See the L<top of this section|/Character classes> for an explanation of variants
542C<isWORDCHAR_A> and C<isWORDCHAR_L1>.
543
544=for apidoc Am|bool|isXDIGIT|char ch
545Returns a boolean indicating whether the specified character is a hexadecimal
546digit, [0-9A-Fa-f]. Variants C<isXDIGIT_A()> and C<isXDIGIT_L1()> are
547identical to C<isXDIGIT()>.
8eea39dd 548
e7c1e6c1
KW
549=head1 Character case changing
550
954c1994 551=for apidoc Am|char|toUPPER|char ch
06dc89af
KW
552Converts the specified character to uppercase in the platform's native
553character set, if possible; otherwise returns the input character itself.
954c1994
GS
554
555=for apidoc Am|char|toLOWER|char ch
06dc89af
KW
556Converts the specified character to lowercase in the platform's native
557character set, if possible; otherwise returns the input character itself.
954c1994
GS
558
559=cut
353c9b6f 560
8a58bdcf 561Note that these macros are repeated in Devel::PPPort, so should also be
62fa66b6
KW
562patched there. The file as of this writing is cpan/Devel-PPPort/parts/inc/misc
563
954c1994
GS
564*/
565
7c062697
KW
566/* Specify the widest unsigned type on the platform. Use U64TYPE because U64
567 * is known only in the perl core, and this macro can be called from outside
568 * that */
569#ifdef HAS_QUAD
570# define WIDEST_UTYPE U64TYPE
571#else
572# define WIDEST_UTYPE U32
573#endif
574
3912bc88
KW
575/* FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) returns true if c doesn't have a bit set other than in
576 * the lower 8. It is designed to be hopefully bomb-proof, making sure that no
577 * bits of information are lost even on a 64-bit machine, but to get the
578 * compiler to optimize it out if possible. This is because Configure makes
579 * sure that the machine has an 8-bit byte, so if c is stored in a byte, the
580 * sizeof() guarantees that this evaluates to a constant true at compile time.
220c71bf
KW
581 */
582#define FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) ((sizeof(c) == 1) || !(((WIDEST_UTYPE)(c)) & ~0xFF))
cf301eb7 583
41f43cc2 584#ifdef EBCDIC
ff7eba81 585# define isASCII(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) (c)) < 128))
41f43cc2
KW
586#else
587# define isASCII(c) ((WIDEST_UTYPE)(c) < 128)
588#endif
589
ec79cfbb 590#define isASCII_A(c) isASCII(c)
3509bb53 591#define isASCII_L1(c) isASCII(c)
6515cb76 592
ec79cfbb 593/* ASCII range only */
9fb1bf9d 594#ifdef H_PERL /* If have access to perl.h, lookup in its table */
181ab5fd
KW
595/* Bits for PL_charclass[]. These use names used in l1_char_class_tab.h but
596 * their actual definitions are here. If that has a name not used here, it
597 * won't compile. */
96ac0975
NC
598# define _CC_ALNUMC_A (1<<0)
599# define _CC_ALNUMC_L1 (1<<1)
600# define _CC_ALPHA_A (1<<2)
601# define _CC_ALPHA_L1 (1<<3)
602# define _CC_BLANK_A (1<<4)
603# define _CC_BLANK_L1 (1<<5)
604# define _CC_CHARNAME_CONT (1<<6)
605# define _CC_CNTRL_A (1<<7)
606# define _CC_CNTRL_L1 (1<<8)
607# define _CC_DIGIT_A (1<<9)
608# define _CC_GRAPH_A (1<<10)
609# define _CC_GRAPH_L1 (1<<11)
610# define _CC_IDFIRST_A (1<<12)
611# define _CC_IDFIRST_L1 (1<<13)
612# define _CC_LOWER_A (1<<14)
613# define _CC_LOWER_L1 (1<<15)
614# define _CC_OCTAL_A (1<<16)
615# define _CC_PRINT_A (1<<17)
616# define _CC_PRINT_L1 (1<<18)
617# define _CC_PSXSPC_A (1<<19)
618# define _CC_PSXSPC_L1 (1<<20)
619# define _CC_PUNCT_A (1<<21)
620# define _CC_PUNCT_L1 (1<<22)
621# define _CC_SPACE_A (1<<23)
622# define _CC_SPACE_L1 (1<<24)
623# define _CC_UPPER_A (1<<25)
624# define _CC_UPPER_L1 (1<<26)
625# define _CC_WORDCHAR_A (1<<27)
626# define _CC_WORDCHAR_L1 (1<<28)
627# define _CC_XDIGIT_A (1<<29)
628# define _CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD (1<<30)
629/* Unused
630 * (1<<31)
98d360d4
KW
631 * If more are needed, can give up some of the above. The first ones to go
632 * would be those that require just two tests to verify, either there are two
633 * code points, like BLANK_A, or occupy a single range like OCTAL_A, DIGIT_A,
634 * UPPER_A, and LOWER_A.
96ac0975
NC
635 */
636
637# ifdef DOINIT
638EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[] = {
639# include "l1_char_class_tab.h"
640};
641
642# else /* ! DOINIT */
643EXTCONST U32 PL_charclass[];
644# endif
645
9fb1bf9d
KW
646# define isALNUMC_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_ALNUMC_A))
647# define isALPHA_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_ALPHA_A))
648# define isBLANK_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_BLANK_A))
649# define isCNTRL_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_CNTRL_A))
650# define isDIGIT_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_DIGIT_A))
651# define isGRAPH_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_GRAPH_A))
652# define isIDFIRST_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_IDFIRST_A))
653# define isLOWER_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_LOWER_A))
654# define isOCTAL_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_OCTAL_A))
655# define isPRINT_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_PRINT_A))
656# define isPSXSPC_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_PSXSPC_A))
657# define isPUNCT_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_PUNCT_A))
658# define isSPACE_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_SPACE_A))
659# define isUPPER_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_UPPER_A))
660# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_WORDCHAR_A))
661# define isXDIGIT_A(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_XDIGIT_A))
fb9bfbf7
KW
662 /* Either participates in a fold with a character above 255, or is a
663 * multi-char fold */
e2e75538 664# define _HAS_NONLATIN1_FOLD_CLOSURE_ONLY_FOR_USE_BY_REGCOMP_DOT_C_AND_REGEXEC_DOT_C(c) ((! cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c))) || (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_NONLATIN1_FOLD))
9fb1bf9d 665#else /* No perl.h. */
2181da29 666# define isOCTAL_A(c) ((c) <= '7' && (c) >= '0')
9fb1bf9d
KW
667# ifdef EBCDIC
668# define isALNUMC_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isALNUMC(c))
669# define isALPHA_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isALPHA(c))
670# define isBLANK_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isBLANK(c))
671# define isCNTRL_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isCNTRL(c))
672# define isDIGIT_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isDIGIT(c))
673# define isGRAPH_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isGRAPH(c))
674# define isIDFIRST_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isIDFIRST(c))
675# define isLOWER_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isLOWER(c))
676# define isPRINT_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isPRINT(c))
677# define isPSXSPC_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isPSXSPC(c))
678# define isPUNCT_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isPUNCT(c))
679# define isSPACE_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isSPACE(c))
680# define isUPPER_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isUPPER(c))
681# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isWORDCHAR(c))
682# define isXDIGIT_A(c) (isASCII(c) && isXDIGIT(c))
683# else /* ASCII platform, no perl.h */
684# define isALNUMC_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || isDIGIT_A(c))
685# define isALPHA_A(c) (isUPPER_A(c) || isLOWER_A(c))
686# define isBLANK_A(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t')
ff7eba81 687# define isCNTRL_A(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && ((U8) (c) < ' ' || (c) == 127))
2181da29 688# define isDIGIT_A(c) ((c) <= '9' && (c) >= '0')
9fb1bf9d
KW
689# define isGRAPH_A(c) (isWORDCHAR_A(c) || isPUNCT_A(c))
690# define isIDFIRST_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || (c) == '_')
691# define isLOWER_A(c) ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'z')
692# define isPRINT_A(c) (((c) >= 32 && (c) < 127))
693# define isPSXSPC_A(c) (isSPACE_A(c) || (c) == '\v')
694# define isPUNCT_A(c) (((c) >= 33 && (c) <= 47) || ((c) >= 58 && (c) <= 64) || ((c) >= 91 && (c) <= 96) || ((c) >= 123 && (c) <= 126))
695# define isSPACE_A(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t' || (c) == '\n' || (c) =='\r' || (c) == '\f')
2181da29 696# define isUPPER_A(c) ((c) <= 'Z' && (c) >= 'A')
9fb1bf9d 697# define isWORDCHAR_A(c) (isALPHA_A(c) || isDIGIT_A(c) || (c) == '_')
2181da29 698# define isXDIGIT_A(c) (isDIGIT_A(c) || ((c) >= 'a' && (c) <= 'f') || ((c) <= 'F' && (c) >= 'A'))
9fb1bf9d
KW
699# endif
700#endif /* ASCII range definitions */
ec79cfbb
KW
701
702/* Latin1 definitions */
8a58bdcf
KW
703#ifdef H_PERL
704# define isALNUMC_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_ALNUMC_L1))
705# define isALPHA_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_ALPHA_L1))
706# define isBLANK_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_BLANK_L1))
707/* continuation character for legal NAME in \N{NAME} */
708# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_CHARNAME_CONT))
709# define isCNTRL_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_CNTRL_L1))
710# define isGRAPH_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_GRAPH_L1))
711# define isIDFIRST_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_IDFIRST_L1))
712# define isLOWER_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_LOWER_L1))
713# define isPRINT_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_PRINT_L1))
714# define isPSXSPC_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_PSXSPC_L1))
715# define isPUNCT_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_PUNCT_L1))
716# define isSPACE_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_SPACE_L1))
717# define isUPPER_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_UPPER_L1))
718# define isWORDCHAR_L1(c) cBOOL(FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) && (PL_charclass[(U8) NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)] & _CC_WORDCHAR_L1))
719#else /* No access to perl.h. Only a few provided here, just in case needed
720 * for backwards compatibility */
721 /* ALPHAU includes Unicode semantics for latin1 characters. It has an extra
722 * >= AA test to speed up ASCII-only tests at the expense of the others */
723# define isALPHA_L1(c) (isALPHA(c) || (NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) >= 0xAA \
724 && ((NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) >= 0xC0 \
725 && NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) != 0xD7 && NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) != 0xF7) \
726 || NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) == 0xAA \
727 || NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) == 0xB5 \
728 || NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) == 0xBA)))
729# define isCHARNAME_CONT(c) (isALNUM_L1(c) || (c) == ' ' || (c) == '-' || (c) == '(' || (c) == ')' || (c) == ':' || NATIVE_TO_UNI((U8) c) == 0xA0)
730#endif
731
732/* Macros for backwards compatibility and for completeness when the ASCII and
733 * Latin1 values are identical */
ec79cfbb
KW
734#define isALNUM(c) isWORDCHAR(c)
735#define isALNUMU(c) isWORDCHAR_L1(c)
8a58bdcf
KW
736#define isALPHAU(c) isALPHA_L1(c)
737#define isDIGIT_L1(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
738#define isOCTAL(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
739#define isOCTAL_L1(c) isOCTAL_A(c)
740#define isXDIGIT_L1(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
741
742/* Macros that differ between EBCDIC and ASCII. Where C89 defines a function,
743 * that is used in the EBCDIC form, because in EBCDIC we do not do locales:
744 * therefore can use native functions. For those where C89 doesn't define a
745 * function, use our function, assuming that the EBCDIC code page is isomorphic
746 * with Latin1, which the three currently recognized by Perl are. Some libc's
747 * have an isblank(), but it's not guaranteed. */
9d116dd7 748#ifdef EBCDIC
b8c5462f 749# define isALNUMC(c) isalnum(c)
271b5cb3 750# define isALPHA(c) isalpha(c)
0bc70f7f 751# define isBLANK(c) ((c) == ' ' || (c) == '\t' || NATIVE_TO_UNI(c) == 0xA0)
b8c5462f 752# define isCNTRL(c) iscntrl(c)
9916188f 753# define isDIGIT(c) isdigit(c)
b8c5462f 754# define isGRAPH(c) isgraph(c)
8a58bdcf 755# define isIDFIRST(c) (isALPHA(c) || (c) == '_')
7d79683e 756# define isLOWER(c) islower(c)
9d116dd7 757# define isPRINT(c) isprint(c)
56e4b611 758# define isPSXSPC(c) isspace(c)
b8c5462f 759# define isPUNCT(c) ispunct(c)
174b5e76 760# define isSPACE(c) (isPSXSPC(c) && (c) != '\v')
7d79683e 761# define isUPPER(c) isupper(c)
b8c5462f 762# define isXDIGIT(c) isxdigit(c)
8a58bdcf 763# define isWORDCHAR(c) (isalnum(c) || (c) == '_')
9d116dd7 764# define toLOWER(c) tolower(c)
7d79683e 765# define toUPPER(c) toupper(c)
ec79cfbb
KW
766#else /* Not EBCDIC: ASCII-only matching */
767# define isALNUMC(c) isALNUMC_A(c)
271b5cb3 768# define isALPHA(c) isALPHA_A(c)
ec79cfbb
KW
769# define isBLANK(c) isBLANK_A(c)
770# define isCNTRL(c) isCNTRL_A(c)
771# define isDIGIT(c) isDIGIT_A(c)
772# define isGRAPH(c) isGRAPH_A(c)
8a58bdcf 773# define isIDFIRST(c) isIDFIRST_A(c)
ec79cfbb
KW
774# define isLOWER(c) isLOWER_A(c)
775# define isPRINT(c) isPRINT_A(c)
776# define isPSXSPC(c) isPSXSPC_A(c)
777# define isPUNCT(c) isPUNCT_A(c)
778# define isSPACE(c) isSPACE_A(c)
779# define isUPPER(c) isUPPER_A(c)
8a58bdcf 780# define isWORDCHAR(c) isWORDCHAR_A(c)
ec79cfbb 781# define isXDIGIT(c) isXDIGIT_A(c)
00f254e2 782
8a58bdcf
KW
783 /* ASCII casing. These could also be written as
784 #define toLOWER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toLOWER_LATIN1(c) : (c))
785 #define toUPPER(c) (isASCII(c) ? toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) : (c))
786 which uses table lookup and mask instead of subtraction. (This would
787 work because the _MOD does not apply in the ASCII range) */
9d116dd7 788# define toLOWER(c) (isUPPER(c) ? (c) + ('a' - 'A') : (c))
7d79683e 789# define toUPPER(c) (isLOWER(c) ? (c) - ('a' - 'A') : (c))
9d116dd7 790#endif
bbce6d69 791
1a0901db
KW
792
793/* Use table lookup for speed; return error character for input
794 * out-of-range */
795#define toLOWER_LATIN1(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
796 ? UNI_TO_NATIVE(PL_latin1_lc[ \
797 NATIVE_TO_UNI( (U8) (c)) ]) \
798 : UNICODE_REPLACEMENT)
799/* Modified uc. Is correct uc except for three non-ascii chars which are
800 * all mapped to one of them, and these need special handling; error
801 * character for input out-of-range */
802#define toUPPER_LATIN1_MOD(c) (FITS_IN_8_BITS(c) \
803 ? UNI_TO_NATIVE(PL_mod_latin1_uc[ \
804 NATIVE_TO_UNI( (U8) (c)) ]) \
805 : UNICODE_REPLACEMENT)
806
bbce6d69
PP
807#ifdef USE_NEXT_CTYPE
808
809# define isALNUM_LC(c) \
37bd1396 810 (NXIsAlNum((unsigned int)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
ff68c719
PP
811# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) \
812 (NXIsAlpha((unsigned int)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
813# define isALPHA_LC(c) NXIsAlpha((unsigned int)(c))
07315176 814# define isASCII_LC(c) isASCII((unsigned int)(c))
ff68c719
PP
815# define isSPACE_LC(c) NXIsSpace((unsigned int)(c))
816# define isDIGIT_LC(c) NXIsDigit((unsigned int)(c))
817# define isUPPER_LC(c) NXIsUpper((unsigned int)(c))
818# define isLOWER_LC(c) NXIsLower((unsigned int)(c))
37bd1396 819# define isALNUMC_LC(c) NXIsAlNum((unsigned int)(c))
b8c5462f
JH
820# define isCNTRL_LC(c) NXIsCntrl((unsigned int)(c))
821# define isGRAPH_LC(c) NXIsGraph((unsigned int)(c))
ff68c719 822# define isPRINT_LC(c) NXIsPrint((unsigned int)(c))
b8c5462f 823# define isPUNCT_LC(c) NXIsPunct((unsigned int)(c))
ff68c719
PP
824# define toUPPER_LC(c) NXToUpper((unsigned int)(c))
825# define toLOWER_LC(c) NXToLower((unsigned int)(c))
bbce6d69
PP
826
827#else /* !USE_NEXT_CTYPE */
b8c5462f 828
bbce6d69
PP
829# if defined(CTYPE256) || (!defined(isascii) && !defined(HAS_ISASCII))
830
851131d3
KW
831/* Note that the foo_LC() macros in this case generally are defined only on
832 * code points 0-256, and give undefined, unwarned results if called with
833 * values outside that range */
834
b8c5462f 835# define isALNUM_LC(c) (isalnum((unsigned char)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
ff68c719 836# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isalpha((unsigned char)(c)) || (char)(c) == '_')
bbce6d69 837# define isALPHA_LC(c) isalpha((unsigned char)(c))
07315176
KW
838# ifdef HAS_ISASCII
839# define isASCII_LC(c) isascii((unsigned char)(c))
840# else
841# define isASCII_LC(c) isASCII((unsigned char)(c))
842# endif
bbce6d69
PP
843# define isSPACE_LC(c) isspace((unsigned char)(c))
844# define isDIGIT_LC(c) isdigit((unsigned char)(c))
845# define isUPPER_LC(c) isupper((unsigned char)(c))
846# define isLOWER_LC(c) islower((unsigned char)(c))
b8c5462f
JH
847# define isALNUMC_LC(c) isalnum((unsigned char)(c))
848# define isCNTRL_LC(c) iscntrl((unsigned char)(c))
849# define isGRAPH_LC(c) isgraph((unsigned char)(c))
bbce6d69 850# define isPRINT_LC(c) isprint((unsigned char)(c))
b8c5462f 851# define isPUNCT_LC(c) ispunct((unsigned char)(c))
bbce6d69
PP
852# define toUPPER_LC(c) toupper((unsigned char)(c))
853# define toLOWER_LC(c) tolower((unsigned char)(c))
854
855# else
856
3609ea0d 857# define isALNUM_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalnum(c) || (c) == '_'))
bbce6d69
PP
858# define isIDFIRST_LC(c) (isascii(c) && (isalpha(c) || (c) == '_'))
859# define isALPHA_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalpha(c))
07315176 860# define isASCII_LC(c) isascii(c)
bbce6d69
PP
861# define isSPACE_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isspace(c))
862# define isDIGIT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isdigit(c))
863# define isUPPER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isupper(c))
864# define isLOWER_LC(c) (isascii(c) && islower(c))
b8c5462f
JH
865# define isALNUMC_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isalnum(c))
866# define isCNTRL_LC(c) (isascii(c) && iscntrl(c))
867# define isGRAPH_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isgraph(c))
bbce6d69 868# define isPRINT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && isprint(c))
b8c5462f 869# define isPUNCT_LC(c) (isascii(c) && ispunct(c))
bbce6d69
PP
870# define toUPPER_LC(c) toupper(c)
871# define toLOWER_LC(c) tolower(c)
872
873# endif
a0d0e21e 874#endif /* USE_NEXT_CTYPE */
55204971 875
aaa51d5e
JF
876#define isPSXSPC_LC(c) (isSPACE_LC(c) || (c) == '\v')
877#define isBLANK_LC(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
878
eb0052d1
KW
879/* For use in the macros just below. If the input is Latin1, use the Latin1
880 * (_L1) version of the macro; otherwise use the function. Won't compile if
881 * 'c' isn't unsigned, as won't match function prototype. The macros do bounds
882 * checking, so have duplicate checks here, so could create versions of the
883 * macros that don't, but experiments show that gcc optimizes them out anyway.
884 */
885#define generic_uni(macro, function, c) ((c) < 256 \
886 ? CAT2(macro, _L1)(c) \
887 : function(c))
181ab5fd 888/* Note that all ignore 'use bytes' */
eb0052d1
KW
889
890#define isALNUM_uni(c) generic_uni(isWORDCHAR, is_uni_alnum, c)
891#define isIDFIRST_uni(c) generic_uni(isIDFIRST, is_uni_idfirst, c)
892#define isALPHA_uni(c) generic_uni(isALPHA, is_uni_alpha, c)
893#define isSPACE_uni(c) generic_uni(isSPACE, is_uni_space, c)
894#define isDIGIT_uni(c) generic_uni(isDIGIT, is_uni_digit, c)
895#define isUPPER_uni(c) generic_uni(isUPPER, is_uni_upper, c)
896#define isLOWER_uni(c) generic_uni(isLOWER, is_uni_lower, c)
141d8bad 897#define isASCII_uni(c) isASCII(c)
7b952154 898/* All controls are in Latin1 */
ff7eba81 899#define isCNTRL_uni(c) ((c) < 256 && isCNTRL_L1(c))
eb0052d1
KW
900#define isGRAPH_uni(c) generic_uni(isGRAPH, is_uni_graph, c)
901#define isPRINT_uni(c) generic_uni(isPRINT, is_uni_print, c)
902#define isPUNCT_uni(c) generic_uni(isPUNCT, is_uni_punct, c)
903#define isXDIGIT_uni(c) generic_uni(isXDIGIT, is_uni_xdigit, c)
a2a2844f
JH
904#define toUPPER_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_upper(c,s,l)
905#define toTITLE_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_title(c,s,l)
906#define toLOWER_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_lower(c,s,l)
b8d68ded 907#define toFOLD_uni(c,s,l) to_uni_fold(c,s,l)
a0ed51b3 908
eb0052d1
KW
909/* Posix and regular space differ only in U+000B, which is in Latin1 */
910#define isPSXSPC_uni(c) ((c) < 256 ? isPSXSPC_L1(c) : isSPACE_uni(c))
aaa51d5e
JF
911#define isBLANK_uni(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
912
9041c2e3
NIS
913#define isALNUM_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isALNUM_LC(c) : is_uni_alnum_lc(c))
914#define isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isIDFIRST_LC(c) : is_uni_idfirst_lc(c))
915#define isALPHA_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isALPHA_LC(c) : is_uni_alpha_lc(c))
916#define isSPACE_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isSPACE_LC(c) : is_uni_space_lc(c))
917#define isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isDIGIT_LC(c) : is_uni_digit_lc(c))
918#define isUPPER_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isUPPER_LC(c) : is_uni_upper_lc(c))
919#define isLOWER_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isLOWER_LC(c) : is_uni_lower_lc(c))
9041c2e3
NIS
920#define isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isCNTRL_LC(c) : is_uni_cntrl_lc(c))
921#define isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isGRAPH_LC(c) : is_uni_graph_lc(c))
922#define isPRINT_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isPRINT_LC(c) : is_uni_print_lc(c))
923#define isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(c) (c < 256 ? isPUNCT_LC(c) : is_uni_punct_lc(c))
a0ed51b3 924
aaa51d5e
JF
925#define isPSXSPC_LC_uni(c) (isSPACE_LC_uni(c) ||(c) == '\f')
926#define isBLANK_LC_uni(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
927
c8362b00 928/* For use in the macros just below. If the input is ASCII, use the ASCII (_A)
7d7a6efc
KW
929 * version of the macro; if the input is in the upper Latin1 range, use the
930 * Latin1 (_L1) version of the macro, after converting from utf8; otherwise use
931 * the function. This relies on the fact that ASCII characters have the same
932 * representation whether utf8 or not */
933#define generic_utf8(macro, function, p) (isASCII(*(p)) \
57a0fb10 934 ? CAT2(CAT2(macro,_),A)(*(p)) \
7d7a6efc
KW
935 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
936 ? CAT2(macro, _L1) \
937 (TWO_BYTE_UTF8_TO_UNI(*(p), \
938 *((p)+1))) \
939 : function(p))
c8362b00 940
181ab5fd
KW
941/* Note that all ignore 'use bytes' */
942
c8362b00 943#define isALNUM_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isWORDCHAR, is_utf8_alnum, p)
c11ff943
KW
944/* To prevent S_scan_word in toke.c from hanging, we have to make sure that
945 * IDFIRST is an alnum. See
c8362b00 946 * http://rt.perl.org/rt3/Ticket/Display.html?id=74022 for more detail than you
9479a769
KW
947 * ever wanted to know about. XXX It is unclear if this should extend to
948 * isIDFIRST_uni() which it hasn't so far. (In the ASCII range, there isn't a
949 * difference.) This used to be not the XID version, but we decided to go with
950 * the more modern Unicode definition */
c8362b00
KW
951#define isIDFIRST_utf8(p) (isASCII(*(p)) \
952 ? isIDFIRST_A(*(p)) \
7d7a6efc
KW
953 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p))) \
954 ? isIDFIRST_L1(TWO_BYTE_UTF8_TO_UNI(*(p), \
955 *((p)+1)))\
4244b029 956 : Perl__is_utf8__perl_idstart(aTHX_ p))
c8362b00
KW
957#define isIDCONT_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isWORDCHAR, is_utf8_xidcont, p)
958#define isALPHA_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isALPHA, is_utf8_alpha, p)
959#define isSPACE_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isSPACE, is_utf8_space, p)
960#define isDIGIT_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isDIGIT, is_utf8_digit, p)
961#define isUPPER_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isUPPER, is_utf8_upper, p)
962#define isLOWER_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isLOWER, is_utf8_lower, p)
141d8bad
KW
963/* Because ASCII is invariant under utf8, the non-utf8 macro works */
964#define isASCII_utf8(p) isASCII(p)
c8362b00
KW
965#define isCNTRL_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isCNTRL, is_utf8_cntrl, p)
966#define isGRAPH_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isGRAPH, is_utf8_graph, p)
967#define isPRINT_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isPRINT, is_utf8_print, p)
968#define isPUNCT_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isPUNCT, is_utf8_punct, p)
969#define isXDIGIT_utf8(p) generic_utf8(isXDIGIT, is_utf8_xdigit, p)
a2a2844f
JH
970#define toUPPER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_upper(p,s,l)
971#define toTITLE_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_title(p,s,l)
972#define toLOWER_utf8(p,s,l) to_utf8_lower(p,s,l)
a0ed51b3 973
c8362b00
KW
974/* Posix and regular space differ only in U+000B, which is in ASCII (and hence
975 * Latin1 */
976#define isPSXSPC_utf8(p) ((isASCII(*(p))) \
977 ? isPSXSPC_A(*(p)) \
7d7a6efc
KW
978 : (UTF8_IS_DOWNGRADEABLE_START(*(p)) \
979 ? isPSXSPC_L1(TWO_BYTE_UTF8_TO_UNI(*(p), \
980 *((p)+1)))\
981 : isSPACE_utf8(p)))
aaa51d5e
JF
982#define isBLANK_utf8(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
983
9041c2e3
NIS
984#define isALNUM_LC_utf8(p) isALNUM_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
985#define isIDFIRST_LC_utf8(p) isIDFIRST_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
986#define isALPHA_LC_utf8(p) isALPHA_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
987#define isSPACE_LC_utf8(p) isSPACE_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
988#define isDIGIT_LC_utf8(p) isDIGIT_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
989#define isUPPER_LC_utf8(p) isUPPER_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
990#define isLOWER_LC_utf8(p) isLOWER_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
991#define isALNUMC_LC_utf8(p) isALNUMC_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
992#define isCNTRL_LC_utf8(p) isCNTRL_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
993#define isGRAPH_LC_utf8(p) isGRAPH_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
994#define isPRINT_LC_utf8(p) isPRINT_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
995#define isPUNCT_LC_utf8(p) isPUNCT_LC_uvchr(utf8_to_uvchr(p, 0))
a0ed51b3 996
aaa51d5e
JF
997#define isPSXSPC_LC_utf8(c) (isSPACE_LC_utf8(c) ||(c) == '\f')
998#define isBLANK_LC_utf8(c) isBLANK(c) /* could be wrong */
999
6ae9f32a
KW
1000/* This conversion works both ways, strangely enough. On EBCDIC platforms,
1001 * CTRL-@ is 0, CTRL-A is 1, etc, just like on ASCII */
1002# define toCTRL(c) (toUPPER(NATIVE_TO_UNI(c)) ^ 64)
bbce6d69 1003
dea28490
JJ
1004/* Line numbers are unsigned, 32 bits. */
1005typedef U32 line_t;
dea28490 1006#define NOLINE ((line_t) 4294967295UL)
378cc40b 1007
91152fc1
DG
1008/* Helpful alias for version prescan */
1009#define is_LAX_VERSION(a,b) \
1010 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, FALSE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
1011
1012#define is_STRICT_VERSION(a,b) \
1013 (a != Perl_prescan_version(aTHX_ a, TRUE, b, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL))
1014
1015#define BADVERSION(a,b,c) \
1016 if (b) { \
1017 *b = c; \
1018 } \
1019 return a;
8c52afec 1020
8e84507e 1021/*
ccfc67b7
JH
1022=head1 Memory Management
1023
a02a5408 1024=for apidoc Am|void|Newx|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994
GS
1025The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function.
1026
c5008215
JC
1027In 5.9.3, Newx() and friends replace the older New() API, and drops
1028the first parameter, I<x>, a debug aid which allowed callers to identify
37b8b4c9 1029themselves. This aid has been superseded by a new build option,
d10b4965 1030PERL_MEM_LOG (see L<perlhacktips/PERL_MEM_LOG>). The older API is still
c5008215
JC
1031there for use in XS modules supporting older perls.
1032
a02a5408 1033=for apidoc Am|void|Newxc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
954c1994 1034The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function, with
c5008215 1035cast. See also C<Newx>.
954c1994 1036
a02a5408 1037=for apidoc Am|void|Newxz|void* ptr|int nitems|type
954c1994 1038The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<malloc> function. The allocated
c5008215 1039memory is zeroed with C<memzero>. See also C<Newx>.
a02a5408 1040
954c1994
GS
1041=for apidoc Am|void|Renew|void* ptr|int nitems|type
1042The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function.
1043
1044=for apidoc Am|void|Renewc|void* ptr|int nitems|type|cast
1045The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<realloc> function, with
1046cast.
1047
49b8b560 1048=for apidoc Am|void|Safefree|void* ptr
954c1994
GS
1049The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<free> function.
1050
1051=for apidoc Am|void|Move|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1052The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memmove> function. The C<src> is the
1053source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is
1054the type. Can do overlapping moves. See also C<Copy>.
1055
e90e2364
NC
1056=for apidoc Am|void *|MoveD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1057Like C<Move> but returns dest. Useful for encouraging compilers to tail-call
1058optimise.
1059
954c1994
GS
1060=for apidoc Am|void|Copy|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1061The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memcpy> function. The C<src> is the
1062source, C<dest> is the destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is
1063the type. May fail on overlapping copies. See also C<Move>.
1064
e90e2364
NC
1065=for apidoc Am|void *|CopyD|void* src|void* dest|int nitems|type
1066
1067Like C<Copy> but returns dest. Useful for encouraging compilers to tail-call
1068optimise.
1069
954c1994
GS
1070=for apidoc Am|void|Zero|void* dest|int nitems|type
1071
1072The XSUB-writer's interface to the C C<memzero> function. The C<dest> is the
1073destination, C<nitems> is the number of items, and C<type> is the type.
1074
e90e2364
NC
1075=for apidoc Am|void *|ZeroD|void* dest|int nitems|type
1076
1077Like C<Zero> but returns dest. Useful for encouraging compilers to tail-call
1078optimise.
1079
954c1994 1080=for apidoc Am|void|StructCopy|type src|type dest|type
4375e838 1081This is an architecture-independent macro to copy one structure to another.
954c1994 1082
7e337ee0
JH
1083=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonWith|void* dest|int nitems|type|U8 byte
1084
1085Fill up memory with a byte pattern (a byte repeated over and over
1086again) that hopefully catches attempts to access uninitialized memory.
1087
1088=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonNew|void* dest|int nitems|type
1089
1090PoisonWith(0xAB) for catching access to allocated but uninitialized memory.
1091
1c12ffb4 1092=for apidoc Am|void|PoisonFree|void* dest|int nitems|type
7e337ee0
JH
1093
1094PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
1095
9965345d
JH
1096=for apidoc Am|void|Poison|void* dest|int nitems|type
1097
7e337ee0 1098PoisonWith(0xEF) for catching access to freed memory.
9965345d
JH
1099
1100=cut */
954c1994 1101
561b68a9
SH
1102/* Maintained for backwards-compatibility only. Use newSV() instead. */
1103#ifndef PERL_CORE
ff06c60c 1104#define NEWSV(x,len) newSV(len)
561b68a9 1105#endif
ff06c60c 1106
19a94d75
JH
1107#define MEM_SIZE_MAX ((MEM_SIZE)~0)
1108
2720f793
JH
1109/* The +0.0 in MEM_WRAP_CHECK_ is an attempt to foil
1110 * overly eager compilers that will bleat about e.g.
1111 * (U16)n > (size_t)~0/sizeof(U16) always being false. */
27d5b266 1112#ifdef PERL_MALLOC_WRAP
fabdb6c0 1113#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,PL_memory_wrap)
27d5b266 1114#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a) \
f1f66076 1115 (void)(sizeof(t) > 1 && ((MEM_SIZE)(n)+0.0) > MEM_SIZE_MAX/sizeof(t) && (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",(a)),0))
8b44ba4c 1116#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t),
27d5b266 1117
f1f66076 1118#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) ((void)(((n) > MEM_SIZE_MAX - 2 * PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM) ? (Perl_croak_nocontext("%s",PL_memory_wrap),0):0),((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
1936d2a7 1119
27d5b266
JH
1120#else
1121
410319be
NC
1122#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK(n,t)
1123#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_1(n,t,a)
1124#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_2(n,t,a,b)
8b44ba4c
NC
1125#define MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t)
1126
6fff79ce 1127#define PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP(n) (((n-1+PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM)&~((MEM_SIZE)PERL_STRLEN_ROUNDUP_QUANTUM-1)))
27d5b266 1128
1936d2a7 1129#endif
8b44ba4c 1130
fe4f188c 1131#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
46c6c7e2 1132/*
9f653bb5 1133 * If PERL_MEM_LOG is defined, all Newx()s, Renew()s, and Safefree()s
46c6c7e2
JH
1134 * go through functions, which are handy for debugging breakpoints, but
1135 * which more importantly get the immediate calling environment (file and
e352bcff
JH
1136 * line number, and C function name if available) passed in. This info can
1137 * then be used for logging the calls, for which one gets a sample
73d1d973 1138 * implementation unless -DPERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL is also defined.
3609ea0d 1139 *
46c6c7e2 1140 * Known problems:
94e892a6 1141 * - not all memory allocs get logged, only those
46c6c7e2 1142 * that go through Newx() and derivatives (while all
94e892a6 1143 * Safefrees do get logged)
46c6c7e2
JH
1144 * - __FILE__ and __LINE__ do not work everywhere
1145 * - __func__ or __FUNCTION__ even less so
1146 * - I think more goes on after the perlio frees but
1147 * the thing is that STDERR gets closed (as do all
1148 * the file descriptors)
1149 * - no deeper calling stack than the caller of the Newx()
1150 * or the kind, but do I look like a C reflection/introspection
1151 * utility to you?
1152 * - the function prototypes for the logging functions
1153 * probably should maybe be somewhere else than handy.h
1154 * - one could consider inlining (macrofying) the logging
1155 * for speed, but I am too lazy
1156 * - one could imagine recording the allocations in a hash,
1157 * (keyed by the allocation address?), and maintain that
1158 * through reallocs and frees, but how to do that without
1159 * any News() happening...?
73d1d973 1160 * - lots of -Ddefines to get useful/controllable output
b953482e 1161 * - lots of ENV reads
46c6c7e2
JH
1162 */
1163
12754f92 1164PERL_EXPORT_C Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_alloc(const UV n, const UV typesize, const char *type_name, Malloc_t newalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 1165
12754f92 1166PERL_EXPORT_C Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_realloc(const UV n, const UV typesize, const char *type_name, Malloc_t oldalloc, Malloc_t newalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 1167
12754f92 1168PERL_EXPORT_C Malloc_t Perl_mem_log_free(Malloc_t oldalloc, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
46c6c7e2 1169
0b0ab801 1170# ifdef PERL_CORE
73d1d973 1171# ifndef PERL_MEM_LOG_NOIMPL
0b0ab801
MHM
1172enum mem_log_type {
1173 MLT_ALLOC,
1174 MLT_REALLOC,
d7a2c63c
MHM
1175 MLT_FREE,
1176 MLT_NEW_SV,
1177 MLT_DEL_SV
0b0ab801
MHM
1178};
1179# endif
12754f92 1180# if defined(PERL_IN_SV_C) /* those are only used in sv.c */
d7a2c63c
MHM
1181void Perl_mem_log_new_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
1182void Perl_mem_log_del_sv(const SV *sv, const char *filename, const int linenumber, const char *funcname);
12754f92 1183# endif
0b0ab801
MHM
1184# endif
1185
fe4f188c
JH
1186#endif
1187
1188#ifdef PERL_MEM_LOG
d1401ee9
MHM
1189#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) Perl_mem_log_alloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
1190#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) Perl_mem_log_realloc(n,sizeof(t),STRINGIFY(t),v,a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
46c6c7e2 1191#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) Perl_mem_log_free(a,__FILE__,__LINE__,FUNCTION__)
fe4f188c
JH
1192#endif
1193
1194#ifndef MEM_LOG_ALLOC
1195#define MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,a) (a)
1196#endif
1197#ifndef MEM_LOG_REALLOC
1198#define MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,a) (a)
1199#endif
1200#ifndef MEM_LOG_FREE
1201#define MEM_LOG_FREE(a) (a)
1202#endif
1203
d1401ee9
MHM
1204#define Newx(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
1205#define Newxc(v,n,t,c) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safemalloc((MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
1206#define Newxz(v,n,t) (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_ALLOC(n,t,safecalloc((n),sizeof(t)))))
a6f6820f
NC
1207
1208#ifndef PERL_CORE
a02a5408
JC
1209/* pre 5.9.x compatibility */
1210#define New(x,v,n,t) Newx(v,n,t)
1211#define Newc(x,v,n,t,c) Newxc(v,n,t,c)
4541904d 1212#define Newz(x,v,n,t) Newxz(v,n,t)
a6f6820f 1213#endif
a02a5408 1214
ff68c719 1215#define Renew(v,n,t) \
d1401ee9 1216 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (t*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
ff68c719 1217#define Renewc(v,n,t,c) \
d1401ee9 1218 (v = (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (c*)MEM_LOG_REALLOC(n,t,v,saferealloc((Malloc_t)(v),(MEM_SIZE)((n)*sizeof(t))))))
94010e71
NC
1219
1220#ifdef PERL_POISON
1221#define Safefree(d) \
06c0cc96 1222 ((d) ? (void)(safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d))), Poison(&(d), 1, Malloc_t)) : (void) 0)
94010e71 1223#else
fe4f188c 1224#define Safefree(d) safefree(MEM_LOG_FREE((Malloc_t)(d)))
94010e71 1225#endif
55497cff 1226
8b44ba4c
NC
1227#define Move(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
1228#define Copy(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
1229#define Zero(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
55497cff 1230
8b44ba4c
NC
1231#define MoveD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memmove((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
1232#define CopyD(s,d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memcpy((char*)(d),(const char*)(s), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 1233#ifdef HAS_MEMSET
8b44ba4c 1234#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)))
e90e2364 1235#else
8b44ba4c
NC
1236/* Using bzero(), which returns void. */
1237#define ZeroD(d,n,t) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) memzero((char*)(d), (n) * sizeof(t)),d)
e90e2364
NC
1238#endif
1239
7e337ee0
JH
1240#define PoisonWith(d,n,t,b) (MEM_WRAP_CHECK_(n,t) (void)memset((char*)(d), (U8)(b), (n) * sizeof(t)))
1241#define PoisonNew(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xAB)
1242#define PoisonFree(d,n,t) PoisonWith(d,n,t,0xEF)
1243#define Poison(d,n,t) PoisonFree(d,n,t)
27d5b266 1244
2304df62 1245#ifdef USE_STRUCT_COPY
ff68c719 1246#define StructCopy(s,d,t) (*((t*)(d)) = *((t*)(s)))
bee1dbe2
LW
1247#else
1248#define StructCopy(s,d,t) Copy(s,d,1,t)
1249#endif
2cc61e15 1250
622913ab 1251#define C_ARRAY_LENGTH(a) (sizeof(a)/sizeof((a)[0]))
cd431fde 1252#define C_ARRAY_END(a) (a) + (sizeof(a)/sizeof((a)[0]))
622913ab 1253
2cc61e15
DD
1254#ifdef NEED_VA_COPY
1255# ifdef va_copy
1256# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) va_copy(d, s)
2cc61e15 1257# else
a1866d1b
JH
1258# if defined(__va_copy)
1259# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) __va_copy(d, s)
1260# else
1261# define Perl_va_copy(s, d) Copy(s, d, 1, va_list)
1262# endif
2cc61e15
DD
1263# endif
1264#endif
1265
472d47bc
SB
1266/* convenience debug macros */
1267#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
1268#define pTHX_FORMAT "Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
1269#define pTHX__FORMAT ", Perl interpreter: 0x%p"
f54cb97a
AL
1270#define pTHX_VALUE_ (void *)my_perl,
1271#define pTHX_VALUE (void *)my_perl
1272#define pTHX__VALUE_ ,(void *)my_perl,
1273#define pTHX__VALUE ,(void *)my_perl
472d47bc 1274#else
3609ea0d 1275#define pTHX_FORMAT
472d47bc 1276#define pTHX__FORMAT
3609ea0d 1277#define pTHX_VALUE_
472d47bc 1278#define pTHX_VALUE
3609ea0d 1279#define pTHX__VALUE_
472d47bc
SB
1280#define pTHX__VALUE
1281#endif /* USE_ITHREADS */
3609ea0d 1282
2acdbac1
NC
1283/* Perl_deprecate was not part of the public API, and did not have a deprecate()
1284 shortcut macro defined without -DPERL_CORE. Neither codesearch.google.com nor
1285 CPAN::Unpack show any users outside the core. */
1286#ifdef PERL_CORE
d1d15184 1287# define deprecate(s) Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_DEPRECATED), "Use of " s " is deprecated")
2acdbac1
NC
1288#endif
1289
e9a8c099
MHM
1290/*
1291 * Local variables:
1292 * c-indentation-style: bsd
1293 * c-basic-offset: 4
1294 * indent-tabs-mode: t
1295 * End:
1296 *
1297 * ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 noet:
1298 */